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-orl per ......... gp , ,,. ew.,...,.., 8 p We. [le~in --isn.. 2 aria. [DE D on fle at thei~r favorit . st. Minneapolis; Baldwin and palace, besois MoDeott, Butts Leland . otel ..... per ye... .. ....... %10 00 f three Tmonthi... 2 5 da] Ps year.... . 800 AVD . ILL voted for ree onthier.. on y ad he voted for eit a fort-. 2 Aht ago-ONT., JUellY 2, 2.who knows? I the people'brs parill alnd thed Tdo Sin OregD on combined inat their favrecenrit men.h Avenue nd Meoplestrpolartya N Wulty inneply statesdwin ofd electine, TE man who hatt Btt Llhis wagesl. I13 raied by the McKinley tariff will beH. or Tantil Ieeotion dailyy by ma bny thous. and he does tate obnot exist.ver. Sa critical article on Thomas ardy, p He has little competition. he English masters of fwtion are mighty few at the present time. Yet weo doub re at noony 0f.0. ot award the palm to Blackmore7.s a'dy evier wrote. 2.4. ainst Harrison, waDepew and rmr. l B HILLan voted for frcommittee silver on nterest, Friday-thed he voted for it Pla fort night ago-Well, who knows? HAocked th people's pout and the demo 'c~mts in Oregon oombined in the recent lp- Pla they couid have elected two -omitte en. ThIne sh eople's parri has the faculty in many states of eletings co lb worst enemies. Tean man who has had his wages paimed by the MaKinley tariff will band looed orf with as fielect gloss from now Until election day by many thousand eyes that will never see him, because lie he does not exist. WILLaM SHARPE, the English critic, 1 in a critical article on Thomas Hardy, 1 pronounces that author "the foremost living English master of fiction." Per haps so. He has little competition. The English masters of fiction are mighty few at the present time. Yet 1 we doubt if any fair minded critic would not award the palm to Blackmore's 4"isrna Doone" over any story that Hardy ever wrote. Boss PLArT is still carrying on his war against Harrison. Depew and His jock undertook to get control of the re puiblican state committee in Harrison's Interest, the other day, but Platt knocked them both out and manned the committee with hit, own lieutenants. It isa Platt committee and not a Harrison committee. In short, Mr. Harrison is 9Vte mercy. so far as New York is con cerned, of tLo man who bitterly hates him. Mr. Harrison will think more and more of this as election day draws near. Tas greatest enemy of the American farmer, with the exception of Carnegie. possibly, is Phil Armour, the destroyer of the pork market. Armour's right hand man, who finds ways and means : for his chief to dodge the laws against trusts and combines, is Mlr. Harrison's choice for chairman of the national re publican committee. It is thus that Benjamin bears testimony to his sohci tude for the welfare for the American farmer, with incidentally a weather eye to Armour's pocket book. THE Hon. Thomas II. Carter's deci sion to continue drawing his salary as land commissioner instead of taking the secretaryship of the republican national committee gives him an opportunity to confer the honor of the vacant post up on his friend, Col. Lemuel Eli Quigg. The only trouble with Quigg is that he is too susceptible to the charms of dem ocratic feminine beauty and gives away campaign secrets. Perhaps after his escapage in 1890, however, Lemuel Eli would make his heart sit still and keep his head level. A conLusro.ND~iNT asks: "Hlow is the first name of lion. A. E. Stevenson, the democratic nominee for vice president, pronounced, and what is its origin? What is the standing, on the silver ques tion, of the lion. Liambi ert Tree, of Illinois, who is said to have been se leoted by the president for one of the members of the international coinage conference?" The unusual name of Mr. Stevenson is pronounced Ad-la-i, with the accent on the first syllable and the tinal i long. It is a scriptural name and appears In the book of Chronicles. lThe gentleman n who first bore it seems to have been lost in the dim distance, but he was iati dently a man of prominence inl his thim I for King David appointod his sonl "keener of all the herds in the valleys." This shows that Adlai was all right and succeeded in getting there. The lion. Lambert Tree is a Chicago millionairo. lie shares the prvuailinog financial views of the imoney lenders of that metropolis and is opposed to the free and unlimited coinage of silver. The only republican on the commission who is friendly to froo coinage is Sona tor Jones, of Nevada. PRESIDIENT IAnRIiiiSON will know whore to fix the responsibility for lis defeat next November at least. lie :s to be his own campaign manager. There were more than forty niombers of the republican national committee who wanted Clarkson re-elected chairman, but Mr. Harrison would.not have it so. Se wanted to dip into Phil Arimiour's 4 tk barrel for the campaign and thrust '$.orney Campell upon the committee, -i st the protest of the members. J. J3l t Fassett, of New York, who was .em ry ! chairman of the Minneap # a convention, unhesitatingly con Sthe president's dictatorial policy. - only speak for myself, but person that thse president made a mis e btook te stand he did. Indo. Ing so the president emaphaeiaed the faot that there were still two wlan-s-Harrison a antli-Harrison-in the party. It wae all very well at Minneapolis. but after the nomination was made it was certainly a mistake for the succesfaul man to remind those who opposed hie nomination that they d were "ontside thebreastworke." The fight 7 at Minneapolis was a friendly one, and ' everything should be done to make the t ft lends of the defeated candidate forget t their defeat. Instead the president has gone ont of his way to do the other thing. His main reason, so his fliends said, for opposing the re-election of Gen. Clarkson I was that he wanted one of his friends at the head of the national committee. This 0 may have been all right, but it was not I 0 wise. 'Ihere were forty members of the I 9 committee besides myself anxious to vote for Clarkson, and we would have elected t him anyhow, even after hiadeelination, had I he not positively declared that he would t not accept under any consideration. A great many republionns are begin- h ning to feel with IBob Ingersoll that v eight years of Harrison would be a mighty long timle. AnvoAtE:s of Henry George's theory q of state ownership of land, as a panacea e for poverty and other human ills, will e lind interesting material for reflection in a the statement of W. C. Edgar, of Min- ' neapolis, who went as the American commissioner to distribute food to the SRussian sufferers, as to the causes of tI the famine in that country. ''here have e been other crop failures in that country in past years, but never before such an w absolute famine. Mr. Edgar, in a care- p fully prepared paper in the Florum for al July, traces the recent distress back to P thle emancipation of the serfs, thirty F years ago, when the lands were allotted di to the peasants under a commiunal sys- y a tom. The Russian community, he says f, took the place of the former landlord.. F The agricultural peasants, unused to cc farm management, oeased to have the at help of resident landlords, on the one ec hand, and, on the other, they lacked the incentive to careful tillage and economy ýi of management wich they might have se possessedi had they been permanent in- tb dividual owners of the land instead of de temporary occupants. Mr. Edgar trav- or eled all over the country and as a result to of his observations is satisfied that the di lack of interest caused by inability to acquire private ownership of the soil m brought about the distressing condition m that the whole world was called upon to or relieve. Mr. Edgar makes a bold state- te ment, which doubtless will be chal- pe lenged by the Henry George theorists, a but he is well fortified with facts and B they will find it hard to overthrow his di reasoning. :~~~ -- ...s THE SHADOWGRAPHER. The other evening several well known memters of the Montana club were dis cussing various mental phenomena when the subject of mnemonics brought out sev eral illustrations which had come under per sonnl observation. Each in turn brought to mino instances of memory more or less remarkable, when James Gourley in his quiet and unassuming way told a story that should be incorporated in future works on this interesting study. During his long and romantic career in Montana Mr. Gour ley has found mental recreation in pschyo logical investigation, and indeed, in the early days Montana was a resourceful field for an amateur student of that mysterious branch of science. The mentality of the Indian had never been changed from the simple teachings of nature, the early com :er who to a considerable degree found their companionship with the hills and trees were naturally free in the expression of their thoughts, and with them that thread of superstition that rune through us all was perhaps strengthened by nature in its various rugged and inexplainable forms. It is therefore not strange that Mr. Gour ley's interest in the study of the human mind grew in such a community and was nurtured until in after years he purchased and read nli works written by famous savants. The reference to unusual devel opments of the human memory, if we may so term the illustration given, rather over shadowed other phenomena of like kind as told by the several gentleman present. It appears that early in the summer of 18t64 Mr. Gourley was located at Bozeman, then, as now, an important center, but at that time a favorite outfitting point for prospecting and hunting parties. The population was interesting, because .t was made up of adventurous spirits, enthusias tic over visions of future wealth and quite ready for any sort of daring that would lead to fun of a dangerous kind or gold, as circumetances might dictate. It was the unreal and intoxicating atmosphere of a new placer campwithout the placer ground. Monov was plentilul and generously ex changed fo the things that bring conviv iality to frion,js. lint, withal, the popula tion differed from the usual gathering of gold seekers in th'it there was an absence if tie dead tough criminal element and a larger percentage of bright, well educated young men of good family blood. Nothing aives Mr. Gou'lev greater delight, nor, indeed, is more delightful to his friends, young anud old, than the r 'cailing of those early days. Aside .rom the recital of stir ring sceene, he is one of the rare raconteurs who know by instinct how to talk interest ingly. At llazetman at that tune were four young Ieu, three of whom have diapi,eared to the. unknown inl al unlklnown way. Of the iourth ru,'e will bIe oald. 'I he one who at tracted Mr. tGourley's special Interest be cause of his briliant attaiinients, was a young attache of the m.iithlonian institute, wined (Gorge C. l)hbbs. lise mission was the gathering of Hocky mounitain lor and evluences of thie natural phenomena for the gre'it notional mluseulm, then in its forma tive p,.riod. I' hi "iprofessor," while the - oughly iq'lm i 'd for i,ls duties, was ils enial iand compannionaule it fellow as could be found and made friends with all. Another well known follow and ,.iits as popular, was 'tornnv liobiinoin, a big, rawboned itnd one-eyed Miessurian, a great hunter and expert woodemnan who had come west for no better reason than that he wanted to see the country. lie was a quick and sure shot, always good natured, but ready to fight under very slight provocation, and though the facts were never established in Ilozo man, It was rumiored that his presence there resulted from a shooting all ir in St. Joe, in which a father and two onsts were laid out in the order named. Another interesting character was a green pirospector named McRloberts or the "Welsh Mick" as the boys called him. l'hese three men and Mr. Gourley. all about the same age, fell in with each other because of a sympathetic spirit of comoan ionship and met every night to discuss matters. As none except the professor had well defined plans at that time they were situated very much like the unfortunate Mr. Micawber. Gourley was looking for a freighting contract, Robineon found that he could not make a livng by huntina and a the Welsh "Mick" did not know where to go. Therefore, when the professor sue a geated that they accompany him to that un I explored wonderland mines known as the Yellowstone park, all aooepted the invita tion with a unanimous yell, partieslarly I when Dobbs said that he had authority to draw on Uncle 11am for all expenses. The expedition started the second day after ward under charge of Gourley and the ad dition of Francole, an alleged French Brule cook who had strayed down from the Red River country. Mr. Gourley is authority for the statement that while there was no doubt as to his lirule blood they found out that he did not know enough about cooking to build a fire. The expedition was well provisioned and the explorers were well mounted. Besides the small arms, each carried a heavy rifle, for it weas known that the region which they were to investigate was populated with hostile Indians. The trip to the park, where the station of Cinnabar is now lo cated, was made without ,interruption, and was enjoyed by all. It was June, the days were not uncomfortably warm and the nights were delightfully cool and pleasant, while the country, which no white man had ever seen before, interested all. No lndirns were encountered, though enough signs were seen to give needed warning, and the small train was carefully guarded at night. When the great wonderland region was fairly reached all forgot their missions to the wild west. Mr. Gourley says that in all varied experiences he never will forget his emotions when that great geyser known as "Old Faithful" shot its stream of heated waters into the clear atmrosphere. The professor's enthusiasm was beyond re straint and the other members of the party were quite as interested. The Frenchman was so frightened that he col fided to Gourlay his expectation to see the devil appear at any moment and throw the I entire party into the geyser's mouth; he forgot everything except crossing himself. For more than twenty miles the trip w:s continued and new wondera were revealed at almost every step. The majestic and echoless depths of the Grand canyon were visited and a sketch by the professor, the firet ever made, aside from the rude art of the Indian, is now in Mr. Gourley's poe session and held by him at priceless value; the great lava beds and the geological won ders offered untold resources to Dobbs, wto once more frightened the Frenchman by telling him that the entire region might drop down into the center of the earth. In deed, it was a plae to make an intelligent man think of more worlds than one. But Mr. Gourley made the greatest and most mysterious find of all and his wonder over it has never ceased. One evening, af ter the party had enjoyed a fine trout sup per beneath the shadow of a cliff and near a clear running stream of water, the profes sor continued the work of assorting his finds, while Gourley and Robinson started out on i short walk to look for game. They saw deer and r.atelope, but too far away in the hills for w shot, and were returning to the camp when Gourley's quick ear detected a familiar sound. It sounded strangely like the cackle of a hen and came from a small patch of bunch grass a few feet away. He and Robinson walked over there, and what did they find? An ordinary domestic white Leghorn hen sitting on a nest, and when the new explorer was removed In that nest were four eggs. Gouiley and Robinson stopped and looked at each other and in their wonder geysers and canyons and everything else were forgotten. Neither would have been greatly surprised to have found a New England farm yard at the next turn. But there was the indignant hen and with a parting glance of curiosity towards her, Gourley picked up the eggs and started to the camp. The amazement of their companions was quite as great and no one ventured a satisfactory explanation. The "Welsh Mick" came as near it as any one when he said that the hen was probably left over there when the cargo of animals was discharged from the ark. Theonly de cisIon reached was that the party should have eggs for supper the next evening. The following day was passed in explor ing and aside from the wealth of museum curiosities found was noteworthy only for new Indian signs in the form of smoke, which this time appeared much nearer. Mr. Gourley learned afterward that the Sioux regarded the park as the home of the great spirit and were accustomed to make annual pilgrimages to the place. It became evi dent afterward that the natives were in no mood to tolerate the presence of sacriligious iconoclasts. That evening camp was made near one of the many hot water springs. Gourley was selected to cook the precious eggs because it was feared the half scared Frenchman nould drop them. The little party gathered about the steaming spring and Gourley turned to Robinson who was first in line and said: "Tommy, bow do you want your eggs?" Before the answer came, "pino," "ping," I souded two bullets. 'I he Frenchman dropped over and a wild war whoop fol lowed as a band of -ioux jumped from a bluff near by and discharged a rain of lead into the little camp. Then down they came in the wake of the frightened explorers,. who were running for their horses. In an other minute the animals were mounted and the four men were flying in the four directions of the compass. Gourley never looked behind until after an hour's hard ride and then for his life he feared to search for his companions knowing that hostile Indians were in the country in end less numbers. lie rode that night and slant in a ravine the next day. 'I rusting that his companions would find their was out of daniger he decided to get back to Bozeman if he could. The return journey was finally made after severe haldships, for he had no provisions acnd had left his gun in the camp. lie did not find his companions lit loze maln on his returin, nor did he hear of them as the weeks passed by. lie sent the news to the officers of the Smitheonian institute and offered to search for Dobbs if the gov ernment would provide enough money to orpanize an ex: edition. l.ut Uncle Hamn' man was as penu: lous then as Uncle Hlolmnn is now and did not ever reply to the letter. 'Inte French man, if not killed by the shot, wirs proba bly tortured to death by the Indiansa ad no news of the others over came. Years after ward when the Indians were driven out of that section a party found several skeletons and near one a small microscope, the brass frame of which was covered with rust. This was the only trace left of the first ex ploring party to the Yellowstone park. A year ago last winter Mr. Guirley en joyed a pleasant two months visit amid the flowers and fruit trees of Lower California, and as his many Helena friends know. re turned looking twenty years younger. After thoroughly recuperating at one of the sea shore resorts he started for Mon tana by way of San Francisco. whoe lihe had some business to transact. One eve ning he was standing in the grynd lobby of the Palace lhotel enjoying an after dinner cigar, when a tall raw-boned and one-eyed man carrying a satchel and accompanied by a woman and two children passed by him. The stranger stopped for a second, looked at Gourley and said: "Hard boiled." Leasal blanks at this ole. terobantu National Bank aid m Oatal, - . s , Baat r fre te.ltas. 1,T an Ciape. i. s ed.. lajf VidaOIr UoeNrrl. llaom"tG 1' tendto. x to rent s t rsonable trate .eourtl the bot acons d re m burle roof a eell vatad on tie soenta lta lest deposit ,ail a to the oa ea C Second National Bank OF HELENA, MONT. PAID UP CAPITAL - $*,o00o SURPLUS AND PROFITS, $25,000 A General Banking Business Transacted. DI. D. MDGRTON. l*Presldet. B.mad of Diusreeters w u . h. t.,vs,• - t. Chri.. Kenok X. . ole. George B. Child. T he Thomas Cruse Savings BANK, OF HELENA. Incorporated Under the Laws of Montana. PAID IN CAPITAL, $100,000. THOMASCRUSE. President FRANK Ii. CRUII - Vice-President. WM. J. COOKEk Awl, Traa. 54 so. WM. J. ObWtENIGI· - I. Tiea.T . Thomuas Cruse, Frank R. (rmso Win. J. Cooko. Win. J. Sweeney, John Fagan. Allows pr cent. intermt on Savings Deposit.. eompounded January oand July. Transact. &eneral banking business. Draws exchange on the prlnolpal cities of the United States end Europe. Deals in county and eity bondas and makes loans on real estate mortgages. Off.ce hours from 0 a. i. to 4 p.m. Also on Saturday and Monday evenings from 7 to a o'olok. J. H. Boucher, Excavating of All Kinuds. Sewer and Water Pipes Laid flank Walls and Foundations itnllt. GENERAL JOBBING OF ALL KINDS. Ofice-Luckey and Leaser Building, Cor eor Jackson Street and Silth Avenue. All bill, payable when work is completed, un less otberwiao agrool. EH erzrtann Bauer, Manufacturer of Costs. Robes and Mat. Al. Tanner of a kinds of Hidean ear. Iepairing and Uleaani of Fur Goods. US North *ain Getrst . lalesna Bantam. GRANDON CAFE.LOC CORNER SIXTH AVENUE AND WARREN. Is Generally Renovated and Under New Management TI | $7 PER WEEK. _ - TERMS: TICKETS, 21 MEALS, $8. SINGLE MEALS, 50 CENTS. MRS. M. C. WARMKESSEL, PROPRIETRESS. WITH the finest wheat in the world and the most improved ma chinery, there is no reason why the Roller Mill should not make the best Flour made in the world, and if you will try a sack of their celebrated DIAMOND PATEINT You will be satisfied that they do. Ask your grocer for Diamond Flour U CTION SNlLEI Ory Goods, Fancy Goods, Notions, Clothing, FURNISHING GOODS, SHOES, HATS, ETC. -AT M. BARNETT'S, 18 S. MAIN STREET. ENTIRE STOCK WILL BE SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE UNTIL DISPOSE9?P Sale of Dry Goods, Etc., Daily at 2 p. m. Sale of Glothirng, Etc., Daily at 7 p. ,n G-EO. BOOKER, Auctioneer. P rst National Bank OR NLUwNA, MONs PAID UP CAPITAL, $50 0,004 BURPLUS AND PROF ITS, 700,000 Designated Depoiatory of the United States. InteretAllowed opimDeeeloD t. Vlreieress S. T. DAUBE Preeodent W. W. NIGHT, Cashier. T. H. KLBINBOWIIDT * Aest. Cashiess 1GEO. H. HILL, - Me Aest. Cashlu Hon. T. C. Power, .u. .d, Cl t. ConieW (, Asti * Minimas and Sto growa A . loter, A. M. Halter Hardware Aesoelated RHaksa Northwestern National Bank. - Gret Fall Pirst National .ank. - - elImte he American National BANK OF HELENA. CAPITAL, $200,00O Fo. POWER. . .- F.eea.. A. J. 8ELIGMAU. - lee-Preeldeab A. C. JOHNSON. - - Cahie. sOi. . COPS . * Ll astaet CasmLa Dlreetors, A. C. Johnson,. Rio an lckey. James Sullivan. Interet allowed on time depoit Exchange Issuned on principal cities of the United States. Canada and Europe. Transfers of money male by tel graph. Collections promptly attended to. Citt. oount aend etate securities bought and sold. NO. 4401. lelena National Bank OF HELENA. MOST. CAPITAL, $500,004 Transacts a General Banking Bual, noess. JOHN T. MURPHY, . - Preetdent. SHIRLEY C. ASHBY, Vice-President. R.ANK BAIRD. Cashier. Interest allowed on time deposits Exchange leaned on foreign countries. Transfer of money by te'egraph. First-clase -ity, county, and state ecourlties bought end soll Colleotions promptly attended to. Beard of Direetores John T. Murphy. Ihlrley C. Ashby, P. W. MeAdeo I rank Baird. Chae. Kt. Wolls P. Wo.Woolman. E. G. Maclay. W. E. Cullen, Jno. S. Mendenhall. Abner I. Clement., I.. . Ford. A. A. McDonald. J. P. Porter. ontana National Bank OF HELENA, MONT. UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY. I Capital Paid in, - $500,000. Surplus and Profits, - $200,000. Dlreeteore c. A. BROADWATER, - - President L. G. PHELPS. - - - Vice-President Ii. L. McCULLON. - -. . Cashier A. L'sMITH, - - - Aeet. Cashier A. G. Clarke, Ilermran Can. . F. Galen. Peter arson. C. W. Cann.n, R. O. Wallsea. D. A. Cory. Montana Sapphires and SouVenir Spoons. C. B. JACOUEMIN & CO., Jewelers and Silverai: iths. Dealers in Diamonds, Watohes, ClooLa, Jewelry and Silverware. Fanoy Artioles Umbrellas, Canes, etc. PIANOS, Of the Beat Makes Only JEWELRY MADE TO ORDER. mgralvigr, Wateh MepealwIs. * Geo Work ODlp Furniture and Garpets. Shades Lace Office AND AND Chenille Curtain, School Furniture. J. B. SANFORD, Nos. 112 and 114, Broadway, Helena. CARL GAIL, President E. BUMILLER, V.-Pres. and Tres H. UNZIOKER, M. UNZICKER, Gen. Manager and Seretary. Western Representative CHICAGO IRON WORKS, General Mining and Milling Machinery, Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills, Smelting, Concentrating, Leaching, Chlorinating, Hoist ing and Pumping Plants of any capacity. Tramways, Corliss Engines, Compound Engines, Boilers, Cars, Cages, Skips, Ore and Water Buckets, Wheels and Axles and all kinds of Mine Supplies. Western Office, General Office and Works, No. 4 Lower Main St.. Clybourn Av. and Willow St., . Helena, Mont. Chicago, Ill. Glarke, Gonrad & Gurtin. HA RDW IRe R Ranges and Stoves. We are now ready for the Spring, with the very best stock of House Furnishing Goods ever offered to the public. We are head. quarters for Lawn Mowers, Lawn Sprinklers, Hose Reels, Brass Nozzles, Rubber Garden Hose, eto. A Carload of Refrigerators and Ice Cream Freezers, OOAA.E .AlD S. E "TS. Telephone No. 90. 42 and 44 S. Main St.