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S risk of uabsdher unls [ or l.ss of busIness as. ..se . bessolumke, l ieeoa. | eepe.. Filthemalga ladMtonagl 3Ylltse M4lao proupt Inrtio ,mhe Ma ea r..ttea.le at ls Or dtal / bT . J. .I as, us obseasrvesr. ex :-.Am 0 i. l .dlns Suedarper ea r......... .lo00 [lneolln. Banday] six months...... 5,0 iaoelodins Sundayl three months.... 220 d..lud S.nd. per year......... 00 nlmodnm Sunday] per meath...... 75 nly [in adanel per year......... 2 [in advance only] per year..... 800 by carrier, per week. lten isses.r .. M SlJENA, MONT., JULY 7, 1892. ' Montilan.t abroad will always ad Tora >gDUeS leTaminrsa oen il at their favorite lotaels: Pith Avenue and Metropolitan. New lhetk West, Minneapolis; Baldwin and Palaoe, 'u Prnsnelso; MoDermett, Buttes Island Hotel, pietasleld. Ill. TE WEATRHIR. neperted for Tan Innsartanst dalh by E. J. usae. United States obseer.er 6:00x. me. SOp. n atere ............. 0s 01. in s. p e-I1 sw-la -s . atoesmat noon, 64.0. umim temperature. 09tt el forec orst 5r B .en Clearing weather; Seln ay 6, 1892. THE FIGHT AT HOMESTEAD. What is this? Five thousand work lngmen fighting for their lives, shot down by Pinkertone and shooting the hired thugs in turn, wives made widows and children made orphans when the .husbands and fathers were battling for bready Surely such things are ominous in a prosperous and free country and yet the most has not been told of the terrible situation near Pittsburg. When desperate and determined men band to gether for protection which takes the form of bloodshed it is well for future safety to enquire into causes. The Carnegie Steel company, with Andrew Carnegie as its head and a capital of $'23,000,000, oper ates great steel plants within and near the city of aPitteburg. Under the protecting inftiuences of the high tariff which includes a tariff of 110 per cent. on steel rails, these works have grown from year to year, until armies of workingmen are employed at different points. Now, let us see how the employees are protected. A short time ago while Baron Carnegie was en joying life at his uastle in Sootland, his officers and the representatives of the Amalgamated Aesociations of steel workers had a meeting. The represent atives were told that on a certain date a scale of wages, meaning an average re duction of 20 per cent. for all workers, would go into effect at Homestead. They were told the scale would be in effect until January, 1894, instead of July as heretofore and thus the men in the dead of winter would be forced to accept worse terms or starve. The orders from the company were perempt ory; they listened to discussions but were not moved and when a strike was threatened they closed the mill and looked out nearly 5,00i men. They did more, for they declared no more labor unmons would be recognized in he establi::nment. The terrible fight which occurred yesterday resulted from the company's attempt to introduce non union, or "scab," labor to take the place of union men. To pave the way for the newcomers 303 Pinkerton mon with Winohesters were sent to the works and a battle, the like of which has not been since the railway strikes of 1877, fol lowed the first attempt of the armed hirelings to make way for cheap foreign labor. It is believed that trouble far more serious will occur if the efforts are continued. All this happened under the adminie tration of Andrew Carnegie, a man who preaches the fallacy of protection be cause it enables him to rob his fellow men but who is singularly forgetful of the laboring men who are said to be protected. iesides his devotion to the gospel of wealth his interests are cen tered in the success of the republican party: that success means a tariff on steel that will suit him, for his heavy contributions to the republican cam paign must be rewarded. Then Mr. Carnegie points to the mriiles of stool mil4y and says here are the magnlticent resalits of the Amuerican syotem of pro teotion, and here is erimiloyment for thousands of men. But what were these salle men doing yesterday? Fighting for their lives and homes against the common enemy of organized labor. Where does tie tsrilf come in for their protection? It (lid not save the poor follows who were killed; it has not prevented Carnegie from low ering wages and locking out men. No, it only helps inon(Jpolists like imn who combine together ted say to the work ingmtan, you will take what wages we oiler end you will buy at our prioee. 'Ihat is the protective tariff. A CANDI)DATE FOiR TILE W s.T Nothing could be further fronm the truth than the statement that Grover Cleveland is the candidate of the east against the wishes of the party in the west. The national convention was free for all. It contained no oflice holders, no corruptible southern delegations, none of the disreputable elements that were employed to give Mr. Hlarrison his renomination at Minneapolis. A large majority of the delegates from the west voted for Mr. Cleveland in response to the demand of the democrats of their states. Illinois went solidly for him; so did Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Kansas, Minnesota, the Dakotas, Califor ala, New Mexico, Arizona, Oregon and Washington. Wyoming gave him half her delegation. It is true a part of the silver states preferred other candidates because they wanted a man more in no cord with their views on the free coinage question, but, that aside, Mr. Cleveland was satisfactory to them. It was a free and fair convention in whihob the major lty', controlled by honest methods, and expreesson was given to the choice oc the greatest number. All men who believe that majorities should rule, that the welfare and per petuity of party organisations demand the cheerful aoquiescence of a minority in the vWll of the majority, should and will give loyal and hearty support to the ticket thus nomineted, There Is no room for argument on that point. The man who sets up his own dictum against the decree of the party council under such conditions may be an honest citisen, but he is not a good party man and should sever his relations with all political or ganizations and go it alone. The Chi cago convention re-enunciated the prin ciplee that have governed the party since the days of Jefferson, the principles on which the greatest battles for human liberty have been fought and won. The lines of party difference have been sharp ly drawn. Benjamin Harrison or Grover Cleveland will be the next president of the United States. That is the whole situation in a nut shell. It is no time for murmuring or idle discontent. Democrats, to your posts! TH. people's party will get a big vote in Pennsylvania, but the demooratic party will get a bigger one. Says the democratic platform, "Since the McKin ley tariff went into operation there have been ten reductions of the wages of laboring men to one increase. We deny there has been any increase of pros perity to the country since that tariff went into operation, and we point to the dullness and distress, the wage reduo tion and strikes in the iron trade, as the best possible evidence that no such pros perity has resulted from the McKinley nact. We denounce a policy which foe ters no industry so much as that of the sheriff." THn esteemed Journal grows ecstatic over Land Commissioner Carter's admin istration of his office. Better wait until you see whether Carter is going to make some of the changes in Montana land offices for which there is an overwhelm ing popular demand. And by the way, have him reserve a plentiful supply of timber land for emergencies. There are hundreds of republicans in Montana who are going to saw wood and say noth ing this year. ANDREW CARNEUIE gave $200,000 tow ard electing Harrison in 1888 with the understanding the tariff would be raised for his benefit. The compact was kept. How much blood money will Carnegie give to the fund to re-elect the 'man who served him? Probably not so much as four years ago. Mr. Carnegie's profits under the McKinley law this year will be largely absorbed in employing Pink erton assassins to shoot his workingmen. THERE is no occasion for the Journal's alarming queries concerning the site for the military post. The local committee to receive bids is composed of reputable business men whose names guarantee the honest and faithful discharge of their duties. Several excellent bids have been received and will be ready to subm'' to the military committee on their arrival. PHIn A..livon's lobbyist, Campbell, has been forced out of the chairmanship of the republican national committee, but to oblige Mr. Harrison, he announces that he will appoint the executive com mittee to manage the campaign before he gives way to his successor. Brother Harrison will thus make sure of that slice of pork. IF Russell B. Harrison and General Charles S. Warren could work harmoni ously the choice of the latter for the vacant chairmanship would not be a bad scheme. The general would be partic ularly valuable when predictions of success would be needed to cheer the tired Harrison heart. THr most popular resort with Banja min Harrison yesterday was the corner in the White house where Carnegie's barrel of Scotch whisky stands. And when he read of the Homestead light he bit his tongue and saw visions of triumphant denuicracy. lIox. W\HITELAW RHlo to Andrew Car negie: "Suand your ground. Hold out for a dozen years as I did against organ ized labor and great shall be your re ward. Only a constitutional prohibition against foreigners can keep you out of the vice presidency." IlAv iNS( refused the secretaryship of the republican national committee Mr. Carter will probable decline the chair manship. One reason for believing that is Clarkson's opinion that Carter is the bee. politician in the United States of his ago. IF the Stewart bill ever knockse at the White house door it will find that it has made a mistake in the number.--New York Pli eass. Very likely, but there would be some consolation in forcing the Hon. Benjamin Harrison to drop the hypocrite's mask. So far as is known IIon. Lee Mantle has been friendly to free coinage. We called attention to his blunder merely to keep huln on the right track. lie should not forget Montana in his march behind the Harrison ice wagon. A good free coinage bill passed by both houses and signed by the pres:dent should not interfere with the fake known as the monetary conference. This is the esteumned Journal's silver platform just now. Cl' to date no newspaper poet has found a word to rhyme with Stevenson. This failure will cause no alarm when it is remembered that Stevenson and true blue democracy are synonymous terms. INSTEAD Of calling on Gov. Pattison for trioops to quell the riots among his emiployees, the eternal fitness of things would seem to dictate to Mr. Carnegie a call upon G(ov. McKinley. THut Stewart bill in the house will result in the loss of twenty or more pounds of flesh to B. IHarrison before the end of the campaign. IF Governor McKinley has no dates I for the coming campaign he should go of down to Pittaburg and explain the workinga of his bill to the 5,000 looke. a Out men. i aCONGRATULrATIONas. The Americoa l people know a good thing when they go it."--Andrew Carnegie to Benjami SHarrison, after the Minneapolis oonven n tion, n Tua plight of Harrison In finding I e chairman for the national committer h causes the Honorable Matthew Stanle. it Quay to hide his face in his sleeve. Tnu New York Press thinks the sennat i- made a mistake in passing the Stewari bill and B. Harrison and the Helene a Journal agree. Tua nomination of James Buncombe Weaver for president is evidence that the people's party needs re-organization IT is indeed strange that undor the blessings of the high tariff the Pinker ton army grows stronger. ON to Castle! NEW PUBLICATIONS. "Abraham Lincoln and Men of War Times," is the title under whish Hon. A. K. McClure, editor of the Philadelphia Times, has compiled some of his very in1 teresting recollections of war and politics during Lincoln's administration. The papers were originally contributed to the newspapers and magazines and have had wide circulation. Col. McClure enjoyed the eonfidence of Lincoln, Cameron, Gov. Cur tin and other leaders of this great eioob, and gives many bits of inside history that were within the knowledge of no other man of that period. He modestly says in the preface to the book before us that he makes no pretentions to give either a biography or a history of Lineoln's administration. But he does better than that. He corrects many errors of the war historians and pre seats the great war president in his re lations to the men around him, and to the country, in truer light than any writer has yet done. Col. MoClure's literary style is charming and graphic and he has made a book that should be in every library. The book is handsomely illustrated and the portraits of public men are most excellent. that of Lincoln in particular being the best of that great man we have ever seen. The publishers, the Times Publishing com pany, of Philadelphia, are entitled to credit for the handsome appearance of the vol ume. "The Master of Silence," a romance, by Irving Bacheller, is the latest volume of the Fiction. Fact and Fancy series, published by Charles L. Webster & Co., New York. Julian Hawthorns, one of our ablest liter ary critics, accords to this book the highest praise as a promising venture in a new field by a new author. The subject of the book is, philosophically speaking, the potentialities of the inner life; the results of the cultivation of those faculties of the soul which the superficial material pursuits of our modern civilization have rendered almost exanimate and use less. To illustrate this theme, the author has imagined a child brought up under peculiar conditions of isolation and training. He is protected from contact with the hypocrisies and futilities of contemporary life; his in tellect and his body are cultivated to the highest pitch of efficiency, and his emotion. al nature is, at the same time. encouraged to expand in all humane and loving ways. But his education does not end here. It also involves the revival of faculties sup posed to have been always latent in human nature, however obscured or crippled hith erto by false methods of developments. Mr. Hawthorne says of the hero: "Rayel is good. noble, generous. The world, when he becomes acqunainted with it, at first in terests him; then it shocks and grieves him. Finally it awakens his profound compas sion, and he bends all the gifts and ener gies of his nature to make it better than he found it. In other words, his function in life becomes in a measure that of a new I messiah; but, being of mortal parentage, the effect of his effort is to be sought rather in the stimulus of a noble example than of natural accomplishments. Rayel can not work miracles, either on the physical of spiritual plane. But he can prevent wrong, he can help the feeble and nurse the sick, and he can give his life for his friend, All this and more he does; and we are made to feel that no one can have met and known such a man without being thereby in creased for the time being in mental and ethical stature." It is a book that will interest all readers of the new and strange in literature. "Business Law, a Manual for Schools and Colleges and for Every Day Use," is, as its title suggests, a useful and practical work. Its author, Alonzo It. Weed, of the Boston bar, is a lawyer of high repute. The scope of the work is illustrated by the titles of some of the chapters, as follows: Contracts, principal and agent, partner ship, deeds, mo. teages and leases, patent rights, trade-marks and mopyrights, collec tion laws, etc. Specimens of business forms, instruments, etc., are apoended. lt is just the book for every business man's desk. P'rice $1.10. Published by D. C. Heath & Co., Boston, Mass. Aphorisms. Whenever luxury ceases to be innocent it also ceases to be beneficial.-Hume. A liar tells a hundred truths to one lie. He has to to make the lie good for any thing.-IHenry Ward BIeecher. An infallible characteristic of meanness is cruelty.-Johnson. Memory is not so brilliant as hope, but it is more beautiful, and a thousand times mo e true.-Goorge I). Prentice. Misery acquaints a man with strange bed fellows.-Shakspeare. T'he carelul reader of a few good news papers can learn more in a year than most scholars do in their great libraries.-F. B. Sanborn. Fame is a vapor; popularity an accident; riches take wings; the only certainty is ob livion.-Hiorace Greely. Those who never retract their opinions love themselves more than they love truth. -Joubert. There is one form of hope that is never unwise and which certainly doesnot dimin ish with the incroase of knowledge. In that form It changes its name and we call it patience.--lulw.r. The Laru-gest Artificial Mound. Few people know that almost within sight of St. Louis stands the largest artifio ial mound in America, if not In the world. The Cahokia mound is over 700J feet long by 1500 wide at the base, and ninety feet high. It covers over eight acres of ground, and has upwards of 20,000,000 cabic feet oi contents. When one reflects on the low de gree of civilization attained by the people who built this mound, and the inadequate tools, transportation and machinery em ployed, it was for the Indians a moe stupendous undertaking than for us would he the building of another city like Mt. Louis. This mound is really a mountain, and every handful of earth it contains must have been curried thither in hanrl baskets. How long it took or why it was built at all are questions that will probably never be answered, but the stupendoauness of the work cannot be called in question. 8t. Louis Globe-Democrat. MING'S OPERA HOUSE; J: I). nfmemo sG u euIrANA t G , Flo>ABs I Thursday, July 7 BATURDAY MATINUn. The representatln Irish Comedlia, Carroll Johnson, Intil magnllcenLt seenlo produatollon, T GossoN The Merrlest Irish Comedy on the Stage. S* 8 IW U.TsONGsI0 " " " " DAINTY DANCINGI " " " teets on sale s &opeo O'Connor's Drug Store, Wednesday, Jull 6. LAMON TL UR 'L -· Possession Is Nine Points of the Law. And as regards the question of having the best Hard Wheat Flour in the market, the North Dakota Milling Company have got it. But they don't want to keep it, and in order that they shall not have to they have placed their celebrated Diamond Patent in Helena for sale. Try it and be satisfied that it is the best you ever use-I. Cemetery W ork. Persons desiring Head Stoes. Monuments, Coping, Poete, etc., from Native Granite. which Is equal to the best American or Foreign product. can procura 6stimates from the undersigned. Wm. Harrison, Stone Merchant 518 Harrli,.n Av., lelena, Mont. WORKS AL' BA .ENDALE, MIONTANA. EIerzrzaa. Bauer, Manufasturer of Costs, Robes and Mat Alao Tanner of all hinds of Hides and Ian, Repairing and Cleaning of Fur Goode. ill Nerth Main Street . * els]oU Meiteas P ercliants National Bank OF HELENA, MONT. UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY. Paid in Capital, . $350,000; Surplus and Profits, . $90,000. I. H. ERSRHPIELD. - President. A. J. DAVIDUON. - - VlcoPnrident. AARON EEEI6IHSIELD. - Cashio Board of D"tretor.s Thomae Cross. M. Sands. . b. lontley, A. . Prescott. A. J. I)avidola Motes Morris. Aaron HorahjodL4 J. Switner. First-class City, Count, nd State SBnu.atils bought and sold. Exchange issued on the principal citim of the Unitod States and Euroe. Tr.nMfer of money Sods by telegraph, Interest allowed on tisedepoelits. Cllctieona promptly attended to. B13,e for rent at reaonable prices in ens of the Iteet constructed lire and burglar proof safe deposit vaulte iu the soontw. ThkJCTION ShLEI OF Dry Goods, Fancy Goods, Notions, Clothing, FURNISHING GOODS, SHOES, HATS, ETC. -AT N. BARNETT'S, 18 S. MAIN STREET. ENTIRE STOCK WILL BE SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE UNTIL DISPOSED OF. Sale of Dry goods, Etc., Daily at 2 p. m. Sale of Glothing, Etc., Daily at 7 p. m. GIEO. BOOKERS. .Auctioneer. -'rt National Bank PAID UP CAPITAL, . 500,000 SURPLUS AND PROP ITS, 700,000 Deulgnated Deposlto.y of the United States. IakesA!em owqon :..me Depoess. eao Danera . for D Damson, I. T. EAUSI - PreMldeont L. W. KNIGHT. * Cashier. T. H. .LEINIHMIDT1 ANst. Cashie. GO . H. HILL - I M Ast. Cshlean C. ( r'Zti-. - . Minim. sad ftogirmwea h.. M ,.el " - - m A, . o - A HU ie Hardware Cs Associated BLashe Northwestern 1 tional Bank. - .rut Falls. ! -t Naonn ,ank. - u E uu The American National BANK. O HELENA. CAPITAL, $200.0000 P. (1 POWERi . . * Pve.MIit A. J. BELIOMA, . - ie" - PMea. A. C. JOHNSON. - - Chias. 60.1 . COPE. * ssitant Cahlesh Dlnototle T. i Power. A. J.V Ud. ma A. O. Johnson, RichareL kosR James Sullivan. Jetereqt allowed on time deposits Exchange . Luaned on prinoipal cities of the United States. Canad and Europe. Tranfers of money made by tellgraph. Collections promptly attended t.. City. county and state sooerities bought and sold. NO. 4406. elena National Bank OF HELENA. MONT. CAPITAL, $500,000. Transacts a General Banking Busa. ness. JOH5 T. MURPHTY. - - PredsMn SHIRLEY C. AHBY. * Vlce-Persident. FRANK BAIRD. - - Cashier. Interest allowed on time deposits. Exchange Laned on foreign countries. Transfer of money by to!eraph. First-clam t.j, county, and sta orite onrtes boulght and sold Collections promptly attended to. Board of Directors, John Ti Murphy. hilrley C Ashby, P. W. MeAdow rank Baird. hans. K. Wells, J. P. Wolmam,. E. O. Maclay,. W. E. Clloen. Jno. S. Mendenhall. Abner H. Clemeats it. . Ford. A. A. McDonald. J. P. Porter. entana National Bank OF HELENA, MONT. UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY. Capital Paid in, . $500,000. turplus and Profits. - $200,000. Diasseer.a C. A. BROADWATR - - President L.i ..PHELPS. - -- Vice-President R...oCULOH. - - - Cashier I.4,BISM1. - - Aest. Cashier A. G. Clarks Rer.man Gans. H. F Galen, Peter Lsrson, . w. . ean o . C. Wallace. D. . Cory. - The Thomas Cruse Savings BANK, OF HELENA. Incorporated Under the Laws of Montana. PAID IN CAPITAL, $100,000. THOMAS CRUSE. - President PRANK H. CRUSE, Vice-President. WM. J. COOKE. - Asst. Trees. and eo. WM. J. tWEEN EY. - Treasurer. Trusatees Thomas CraoMe, Frank H. Crns, Wm. J. Cooke. Win. J. Sweeney. John Fagan. Allows 4 per cent. Interest on Savinge Deposit~ compounded January and July. Transacts a general banking business. Draws exchange on the prinoipal cities of the United States and Europe. Deals In county and city bonds~ and makes loans on real estate mortgages. Oftice honrs fromn 10 a. min. to 4 p.m. Also m Baturday and Monday evenings from I to 8 o'clock. Second National Bank OF HELENA. MONT. PAID VP CAPITAL, . $7/,000. SURPLUS AND PROFITS, $25,00. A General Banking Businesm Transacted. ED. EDGERTON. . Preeldeat U..OLZ -. .I Vieo-President. o EORGE H.CHLD- Cashein -OSEPH 4. KENCE - Arta. hieior. inoad of Direetors, J. . an e or . B o h , - N. S1ysatt. Chris. Lsonos -D. ne ota. C. .ILo S. m •Child. Montana Sapphires $ sand SouVenir Spoons C. B. JACOUEMIN & CO., Jewelers and Silversmiths. Dealers in Diamonds, Watches, Clooks lIt Jewelry and Silverware. Fancy Articles, Umbrellas, Canes, eto PIANOS, Of the Best Makes Only JEWELRY MADE TO ORDER. aEnsgravg. Wateh Meplrlsls. Goo Work Onlp Furniture and Carpets. Shades, Lace Office AND AND Chenille Curtain. School Furniture J. B. SANFORD, Nos. 112 and 114. Broadway, Helena. CARL GAIL, President E. BUMILLER, V.-Pres. and Trees H. UNZ:CKER, M. UNZICKER, Gsn. Manager and Secretary. Western Representative CHICAGO IRON WORKS, =O---BTILDERS o=-==-== General Mining and Milling Machinery, Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills, Smelting, Concentrating, Leaching, Chlorinating, Hoist ing and Pumping Plants of any capacity. Tramways, Corliss Engines, Compound Engines, Boilers, Cars, Cages, Skips, Ore and Water Buckets, Wheels and Axles and all kinds of Mine Supplies. Western Office, General Office and Works, No. 4 Lower Main St., Clybourn Av, and Willow St. Helena, Mont. Chicago, Il. Clarke, Gonrad & Gurtin. H TRDw7i Re. Ranges and Stoves. We are now ready for the Spring, with the very best stock of House Furnishing Goods ever offered to the publih. We are head quarters for Lawn Mowers, Lawn Sprinklers, Hose Reels, Brass Nozzles, Rubber Garden Hose, eto. A Carload of Refrigerators and Ice Cream Freezers. oOa.hE .,ID SEE TS.. Telephone No. 90. 42 and 44 S. Main St.