S I per year ..........10 }
S d be pr emrl......... or de
) p essrrs, pe week sve isuabl..
Ie mloae. a tel
dt Sunday] three months. . 20
t.Z irnI Sunday] par year......... . .0 0
·i~ditdlj t ~Sunday] Per month...... 75 p
n adv a. only r year......... .0
my earrir, e air week. e armesnol.. 2
Helena, NA,MONT.,JULY 1Jul, 18 1
c ongress. To the broad willns, pluay and T t
SAregn owoes then n greatle at their favrorits
,o employedth Avn and Metropolntana , Nas the
'L lek Weat, Mliansaeisliat Baldwin and Palace., i
leading state in the minitt Bngtte;ng Lelsnd Hotelrhood, t
owes a debt of grattude to thosewho
all the mining states, nd our people dil I. J
their visitored Statee oberha heyr. t
:0 with. u:00 s.n. p
r . .. 85 023
lbperations gentlemen, and may you re
turn tm your homes wratr it. h the feeling
Ihat yo u have accomplished great thing0
Lo our co onet f int Heresna Fair; waelrmena is
elen, July 11. latch key is out. Welcome.
THE MININ5 CONONitESS. in
Helena extends a cordial welcome to It
the gentlemen who aro with us to-day sly
n HOMattendane upon the great mining
congress.. To the brains, pluck and be
ability of these illn the inter-mount ofin
region owes the granter pert of its pros- `
parity and development. The miningst the
idustry leads all others in the amornt
of capital invested and the nuniber of C
thme employed, and Montana, as ther ti
leadinjectate in the miing sisteroods from
variouwes a debt of gratitude to those who c
habore added so much to her greetness. pro
founheredly is community othe interest in betweenn- go
all the mining states, and our people will I
do everything in their powerCto ake i
their visitors feel that they arettakone R
May success attend you in your- e
agberetions, gentlemen, end may you rthe work fi
tingmeurn atyour homes with theDfeeling
thunanit you have acondemnatplished great things teo
ploymentn our common inertonest Helena is of
theour more excitabley is out Welcome.
thrliee thatpubweloomentiment would be with
HOMESTEAD AND GEM. gr
Howfem r the ill advIsed movement of n
Carneso, the nd his Pinkerto mis against the ht
strikers at Homestead is responsible for th
the outbreak at Gem, Idaho is matter tican
of conjecture. Thepres reports from
various parts of the country show that ae
labor organizations have beenrights of prop- n
foundly moved by the troubles in Penn- gI
sylvani and it is alt obedther probable law. t
thatthe striking miners of the Clesituationur when
d'Alenes made their misguided attack h
oneace and order and the a result of encour-f c
agem law must the successes of the workill be
ingmned even at Homestead. Doubtless the
unanimous condemnation appeaof to the e
plomentoderal Piokerton hs leBut som of hbe
the more excitabthe Idform olaw and iners to sub
ordinve that public sentiment would be with
them to any extent they might go. If
so, the strikers have exisunderstood therictly
situation. The great body of American
people do not believe in violence. They i
believe in respecting the rights of prop-it
orty and in strict obedience to the law.een
Gov. Pattison, who has conducted him
sel with admirable temper doctrin iscre
tion in the Pennsylvania attacks, struck gi
the key note of the whole situation when th
he said: HomesteadIt must be understood that h
peace and order and the observance of c
the law must be adherenarie to and will be L
maintained even if it rovokequires all toodshe
force of the state or an appeal to the
federal government. conut it waust be
done under the or of law and in swhob
ordination to civil authority. Property !'
will be protected mselvesin the rights of all f
parties of the terrxistinble struggle strictly at
maintained without regard to the merit It
orde. Therit erits oof the differconctroversy wee
This is sound American dIoctrine. There
great difference betweeri the situathio
aton e harged d ;i is th at the excutin ofJ
order and the presirvate corortion of property;
the other men who rc ar resisting withe
enforcemerant of law and provokeace and order, n
tweeand are destroy rking ie ander property.ec-t
tails of teo suc a contest there can bire nobut tone
haconclusion. The law must bte macontrovainedrsy
arIN the interest of pea. lceod hartlhon oI
ican the rebubltcan camp in t atd elst- ,
lawhre that yanko itinnstittetn nIeown as d
ordthe "United Quesratio. n C o" f rusperty;, s
ought to me suppressed rsitio are the t
enorcetaryent of that atittt p ,cen order, v.
and areronding thetroyinr lifeworks with lorty.ophole i
To ksucow whereintest there cnpromises of the advot i
cates of high protection have doon ful.illed.
I The intreord of 250 strikes and the redllOn
inomp tiled blcy the clanip John DeWitt Warner,- ii
f New Ytork) s iitiltfurther xiowits t heir
In behalf of the "Ij United Question Club, of Ist,
oughtwill reply to them in tur he interest ofu the i
doctrine you so fut lY believe in.t by fail- i
eure to a wero them will cause dangerous .
ateenes to be drawn:itis fl by i nn of
ats. In what way doesih protiteb btion affectlle.
twageson of wages ec, 1, rord
. A plrod lnbnt Pittbn. John manWiacturer ,
in bthl tolt the preenited oestion n (b, wages
are oprely questions of business, and that
"the iron trade doesn't warrant the pay
nent of existing wages in spite of prote-
tioea" Do you igree with the above ment
8. If yo do, aur w to continue to put
utlliited faith in the oft-Lpeated aner
tion5 of high protectionistst that protctlona
4. Will you, as an offset to the depresa
ing news of reductions and strikes in the
greatest of protected Industries, name in
stances where wages have been raised as
the result of your bill?
L. Who have been the principal benefi
claries of your bill?
Now what we want to know is, is
Gov. McKinley obliged to answer such
questions as those? If so, congress
should at once pass a law givlng him
I'r begins to look as though Senator
Palmer, of Illinois, was half right when
he predicted in his speech on the
Homestead riots on Friday that we had
only seen the beginning of great labor
troubles. The labor unions were never
so strong as they are to-day. They are
in close sympathy and co-operation
throughout the country, and, whenever
the men in one industry are etTooted,
all are more or less disturbed. Labor
leaders in New York city freely declare
that if the strikes in the iron trade in
Pennsylvania continue the labor organi
zations in New York will go out. Simi
lar news comes from Indiana, Ohio,
Illinois and other states where the
various unions are strong. Like condi
tions do not confront the men in the
various trades and industries, but each
union is disposed to stand by the others.
It is a bad state of things indeed. The
shots fired by Carnegie's mercenaries
may be heard all over the country
before the end is reached.
Mu. D. O. MILs, the father-in-law of
Vice-Presidential Candidate Whitelaw
Reid, is opposed to the exclusion of the
Chinese from this country. He believes
Chinese labor is a benefit to the country
and wants more of it on the Pacitic
coast. The Helena Journal has ferociouly
attacked William C. Whitney as a dem
ocratic leader because his brother-in
law holds stock in the Standard Oil com
pany. By parity of reasoning the
Journal should be against Whitelaw
Reid. A son-in-law is just as responsi
ble for his father-in law as Mr. Whitney
is for a brother-in-law. We hope to be
able to announce shortly that the es
teemed Journal has demanded Mr. Reid's
retirement from the ticket.
TAF prize drills which will be such an
interesting feature of the mining con
gress will begin at the auditorium to
night. These contests in other places
have excited the greatest interest and
the events here will attract more atten
tion than those of any preceding year.
Nothing like these exhibitions has been
seen elsewhere in the United States,
and our citizens who miss them will re
gret it. They are tests of skill, muscle
and endurance, and the men who engage
in them are the best types of labor em
ployed in our great mines. We hope
every seat in the auditorium will be
THE Homestoad strikers showed good
sense and conservatism in ceasing from
hostilities after their encounter with the
Pinkertons. They held a mass meeting
yesterday and decided to give a hearty
welcome to the militia. Throughout the
troubles they refrained from destroying
property and left the company's watch
men in charge of the mills. This is in
marked contrast with the conduct of
the Idaho miners.
THE ladies of Helena and of $Montana
generally will be interested in attending
the mining congress. The mineral ex
hibit is a fascinating one and the great
contest of the drillers will interest all.
Let the fair sex be out in force at the
THir esteemed Herald is right. It was
not Mr. Foster, of Evansville, but Mr.
I'oster, of Fostoria, who removed Mr.
Bllane's relative from a clerkship. Mr.
Foster, of Fostoria, is even a smaller
man than Mr. Foster, of rvansvillo.
FOUND BY T11': WAY.
e When days grow scorching and the body's tired b
n \Vith toilig in th llcity all the year.
e Just when you feel you'd surely have expired, a
It's sic.. to try a little chang, of air.
Some quiet nook ,hler, childirn are not taken-
1 underetood it u,o but was mistaken.
[ihe farmer, when he laid down his condition b
("iwas copied from iat owners, as well h
O Aimed not to, snd all youngsters to perdition- -
I Yeo see, hi had a dozen olf hIls own.
So, lIke the wo,man living in a shote,
lte thought he had enough, anti I did, too.
I I deemse it rather shabby, and I told hirm r
Y Just what I thought of such e t scurvy trick
o I." oseamtd a little hurt that I r hould bscold him.
SAnIl vaid that no one b .t a lunatic
f V\io'ld thi'ik that he'd for boarders put in bids I
t'uless hai hwl a farmhouse fill of kids.
S\Nw York Elvening urI 1
When a man is in love he thinks his girl'r
t naooe is the sweetest in the world, but when I
they are married he. thinks it is too old-.
Sfashioned to give the children.-Atchisont
"Y'on can not always tell what a thing is
by the name It bears," said Mr. Depoew the
other day. ".ome years ago I mset an Eng
lishman in London, and our convresation
soon touched upon inyvestmentsin Americusl
securities. 'Ihe Eneliehslan informed ime
I that until a short time before be had see
eral thoulsand dollars invested in Now York
Ut ntral and Lake Shore securities. 'Hot I
' 'toll mokl lnyt molly out of those Itroperties,'
said be, 'aud invested it in an American
f railway that I think will pay lnueit better.'
Af 'Mtay I ask what the new investment
le is?' said 1. 'Certainly,' replied my London
ii cequaintance. 'I got hold of a prospectus
Stof the New York, Boston & Montreal rail
I way, and 1 made tup may mind that a rail
I. way running between the three principal
- cities in America was about the bt.st paying
1 thing that oun could have.'
r' "That railroad,' continued Mr. I)epew, I
ir "is now known as the New York & North
Iern. It has nut reached either Bloston or
f ' Montreal en yet."--New York Times.
it A young maini whio at olne tilne worked a
ie few weeks upon a local daily has been do
- ing editorial work recently for a St. Paul
is I paper. He evidently desires to retn u to
Chicago journalism, however, if a letter re
:t oeived from him by the managing editor of
Sone of the big Chicago morning dailies te
ar good evidence. The letter says in sunbtance
es that its author has been holding a most im
portant editorial peltioa uipe one o: the
greatet papers of the northwest, but could
be induced to come to (leago. He saee
that he eoelsders himself w A No. 1 new
ppser man, eompetat to All an position,
and adds: "Permit me to eagget thai I
acould write much better p*ragaphs than
your present paragrapher hi trnug out. If
for any reason you se at to diseharge him
I would be pleased to consider a proposition
' he managing editor of that Chicago
daily, however, contributes all the pars
graphs upon his editorial page. Bo he die
tated the following reply:
Septimus Blank, St. Paul, Mlan.-Dear
Sir: I thank you most heartily for your fa.
vor of recent date regarding a positio'
upon my editorial staff, I am also grateful
for your suggestions concerning paragraph
ing, No one knows better than I do that
our papagrapha might be very materially
improved, but the relations between our
present paragrapher and myself are so in
timate that I do not see how I could die
charge him so long as I continue in my
present position. Iq fact, we are practic
ally inseparable. We were born about the
same time and passed our boyhood days to
gether. Each shared the other's joys and
sorrows-both of us attended the same
school, both fell in love with the same girl
and both married her. And now both of
us are trying to hold down the same news
paper position, See? Very resp~otfully,
Peter Blown.-Chicago Mail.
Miss Kajones (surveying herself in the
glasu)-Dear me! How dreadfully I am tan
ned! 1 look like a Malay.
Mrs. Kajones-Well. whose fault it it?"
You just would join that Browning club.
"If I understood you," said the lawyer to
the man who called to consult him, "your
cow was thrown from the track at a street
crossing by a locomotive on the X., Y. and
Z. road, and you want to bring suit against
the company for damages?"
"Yes, that's right."
The lawyer made a memorandum.
"Valuable animal, I presume?"
"Party good cow. Hadn't no bad tricks.
"I don't know."
"You don't know? Was she badly in
"Badly injured? Why, she was killed
deader'n a mackerel."
"Why didn't you say so?" exclaimed the
attorney, impatiently. "There's only one
breed of cattle in oases of this kind."
And he made another memorandum:
"Breed, Jersey. Value, $150."-Chicago
A resident of Columbus, Ind., has a game
cock which was "cock of the walk" and
lord of the barnyard. He was recently at
tacked by a bull, but in a very few seconds
the bull was minus an eye. About a year
ago he killed in one day, It is claimed,
seven geese, eleven turkeys and three roost
ers. For punishment he was thrown into a
pen with an old sow, and inside of ten sec
onds he had knocked both her eyes out and
was on the pen crowing lustily.
"I was present at the autopsy of a noted
old 'rounder' of my town a few weeks ago,"
said John A. Holliday. of '1 roy, N. Y., tro :
Globe Democrat repoverter, "and I was star
tied and shocked at what I saw. The de.il
man was about 60 years old and had been
the town drunkard for forty years. The
doctors had surmised thht when they cut
his head open a pronounced smell of alco
hol would issue from the skull. I thought
it only one of those grim sort of jokes that
the IEsculapians indulge in sometimes when
they are carving a fellow-man to mince
meat in the interest of their science. But
I soon learned that it was no joke, for when
the surgeon's saw had cut off the top of the
man's skull the odor of alcohol thatg filled
the room was strong enough to almost
sicken one. Then one of the surgeons
struck a match and held it close to the
brain. Immediately a blue flameenveloped
the entire portion of the cerebral organ ex
posed, and the quivering flesh sizzled as if
on a gridiron. That eiperiment and di.
closure set me to very seriously thinking
about the error of my way. I am not a
teom erance lecturer nr a prohibition poli
tician, but I must most respectfully and
firmly decline your invitation to have some
thing. I don't want my brain to float
around in a sea of alcohol, rrs did that of
the poor old town drunkard of Troy. There
is no telling how many other men's brains
will reveal the same conditionm if an autopsy
is held upon them."
Glods. to Helena, on ledges which mark
,wo former levels of the Missouri river, are
he world famous sapphire and ruby beds,
,000 acres of which, with 2,000 other acres
nder water, have recently been acquired
)y an English company of noblemen, bank
.'-, jewelers and others for $2,0,000000--the
nere value of the gold which it is thought
will be taken from the dirt. That sap
phires and rubies were there has been
nown for twenty years or more, miners
raving kept the finer specimens, and others
oaring thrown them out of their pans into
he river by the hundredweight as pebbles
f no value. The truth, as I get it from ex
ports, is that these stones are true rubies
and sapphires, and the only opportunity
they offer for criticism lies in the fact that
nearly all of them are much lighter in color
than the Asiatic gems of the same sort. In
,ther words, pigeon's blood rubies and sap
phire blue sapphires are found there, but
not often. And yet these stones of the
lighter shades are of far greater brilliancy
thaen the Asiatr': gems that fashion has ap
proved. They are often like diamonds, and
their hardness is next to that of the dia
mond; their luster must prove enduring.
The gems are found on the bed rock under
eight or ten feet of soil, along with crystanls,
nuggets of gold, gold dust, garnets and peb
bles. The land was bought by two Michi
gan lumbermen, brothers, who now treas
ure a million in cash and a million in
shares of the new English ennpany--re
wards for their foresight. One of the Eng
lish experts who examined the gem fields
announced it as his opinion that the dia
mond must soonier or later be found in
Montana. All the conditions warrant its
existence there. What a ltate Montana isi
(.old, silver, copper, lead, asbestos, tin,
iron, oil, gas, rubies, sapphires, and a pos.
sibility of diamonds-all looked up in her
Iribs and pockets!-Julan tRalph in June
Itwland Hall aicheol.
IRev. W. M. Lane, of Salt Lake City, is
visiting Helena in the interest of Rowland
Hall, a large seminary for girls.
Rowland Hall is one of the finest schools
in this country, its standard of scholarship
being higher than any other school. Any
mother thinking of sending her daughter
away to school will do well to see Mr. Lane
during his stay in our city. There are
many conditions which make Rowland Hall
the best school for Montana girls. The
climate of Salt Lake; the nearness to our
state; the splendid bulldinus; the hiuh
standard of scholarship; the perfect disoi
pline and home-like character, and the
moderate cost of tuition all go to make the
school a desirable one for our daughters.
Blutiher & Bradley carry ti e largest and btet
aasortment of embroidery silks and material,
MQ40. ·e., o •
IIlo NationUal Bank
OAP +r 5OO OO
lOtMr . rr t.i o ie.Oa ft.
a0AU, WIIaV, . . .OVWe.
IRouY u prompt y.te d, d tteo. a>de
osead ot Dirneterse
lry C. y sb ~ Yl Ci]fi a
H. (Caleln, .no. a . Meadea h ý.
A. A. MDosad J. P. Portinr.
The oldest Fruit sad Pro- t etipbed lfI
dues loue in Montana. d
LINDSAY & CO.
Fruit and Produce.
Shipping altogether in oar lots from first hands
wre are lwna in apositlon to fill all orders for
fruit and produce in any quantity at bottom
Dealers should send for our price list of
Fireworks and other Fourth of J ulm Good.
NEATLY FURNISHED ROOMS
All white cooks employed. Room
and board, $6.50 per week; per
month, $25 at
Complete Sets For Sale at This Oice.
$10 PER SET.
ýý i., -º " re
A Cro(w)cus From Dakota.
The cricket may arick, and the froglet
frog, and the farmer may chant his strain,
for Dakota's crop is always on top--when
there is plenty of rain, and when there is a
big crop of No. 1 hard wheat as there is this
year the North Dakota Milling Company
can make a senperlative article of Flour. as
evidenced by their Diamond Brand of Hard
Wheat Pl'atent. Trly it. T'here is no better
in the world. Ask your grocer for it.
h~IJUCTION', STLE !
Dry Goods, Fancy Goods, Notions, Clothing,
FURNISHING GOODS, SHOES, HATS, ETC.
M. BARNETT'S, 18 S. MAIN STREET.
ENTIRE STOCK WILL BE SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE UNTIL DISPOSED OF.
Sale of Dry Goods, Etc., Daily at 2 p. rn. Sale of Glothing, Etc., Daily at 7 p. rr
GEIO. BOOKER, Auctioneer.
iret National Bank
SURPLUS AND PROFIiBa 700,000
su na ited ehtaate oa tt
U. T'. EASIER. . Predea
E. W. KNIGHT. Cashie
T. KLHINSUHMIDT. Aest. Cashir
OEO. H. HILL, A est. ashei
r. e. avei rt. - s li..en -
* t 1 *a y istuda "
* iig A M. Hoisat
Nort Na k.t - s3 1 al
The American National
B ANK, Of BELENA.
1. POWER. . - - PesidatL
. . BSBLIMAM. . * Voi.Presidnt.
A. C. JOHNSON - - Case.
SSOW. COPE .- siahuRat Casis
A. U. Johnson. iec rd Lackey,
Interest allowed on time deposits. Eoxhang
rnued on principal cities of the United States.
Canada and Europe. Transfers of money made
by tel graph. Collections promptly attended to
City. count sand state securities bought and sold.
Second National Bank
S OF HELENA. MONT.
PAID UP CAPITAL, . 07,000.
SURPLUS AND PROFITS, $25,00.
A General Banking Business
SD. EDGERTON, Irldt.
C. . COLE u Via-res.dent
JOSEPH N. HNCE. ALt .lshir.,
Beard of Direetorse
R.W. Childd. &J.
A. N. Bpratt. Chris. Kenob,
E. D. ldtsacton r C. K. 'ole.
Geore B. Child.
J ontana National Bank
j HELENA. MONT.
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY.
Capital Paid in, - $500,000.
Surplus and Profits, - $200,000.
C. A. BROADWATEE. - - President
L. G. PHELPS. - - - Vice-Prosdent
It. L. McCULLOH. - - - C'hier
A. L. SMITH, - - Ast. (Cashier
A. G. Clrke, Herman fsns.
H. F. Gale1. Peter Larson,
C. W. Cannon. R. .. Wallae.
D. A. Cory.
erchants National Bank
) 1 OF HELENA. MONT.
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY.
Paid in. Capital, . $350,000;
Surplus and Profits, - $90,000.
[. H. HERSHFIELD. - President.
A. J. DJAVIDuON. - Vice-Preldent.
AARON HERSHFIELD. ashie.
Board of Directorse
Thonmas Croce, M. Sands.
S. t. Huntley, A. K. Frescott.
A.J. ]eavidson. Moss Morris,
S. Hershfield Aron Hershfld
First-class City, County and State Securities
bought and sold.
Exchange issued on the principal cities of the
United bltates ad Europa. Transfer of money
made by telegraph.
Interest allo'ed on timedeposits Collections
promptly attended to.
Boses for rant at reasonable prices in one of
the best constructed fire and bourgr proof safe
teposit vaults in the couontr.
The Thomas Cruse Savings
BANK, OF HELENA.
Incorporated Under the Laws of
PAID IN CAPITAL, $100,000.
THOMAS CRUSE. - - President.
)'RANK H. (RULE, Vice-President,
W M. J. COOKE. - Aest Trese. and deo.
WR. J. bWENrEY. - - Tresurer.
Thomas Cruse, rFnk H. Cros.
Wom. J. Cooke. Wm. J. Sweney,
Allows 4 per cent. Interest on Savrlns Depols.
omponndud January and July.
Tranacto a genera I benkin" bsinese. Draw.
exchange on the prineipal cities of the United
lataes and Europe.
Desal id oonty and city bonds aend makers
loans on real estat·e mortgages.
Office hours from 10 a. m. to 4 p. m. Also on
aturd ay end Monday evenilgs from V to t
and Souvenir Spoons.
C. B. JACOEMIN & CO.,.
Jewelers and Silversmiths.
Dealers in Diamonds, Watches, Clooks
Jewelry and Silverware, Fancy Artioles,
Umbrellas, Canes, eta
Of the Best Makes Only
JEWELRY MADE TO ORDER.
agsrevlg, Watesek Ipellag. * O"ed Wak Osnl
Furniture and Garpets.
Shades, Lace Office
Chenille Curtain. School Furnitra
J. R. SANFORD, Nos. 112 and 114. Broadway, Helena.
CARL GAIL, President. E. BUMII.LER, V..Pree. and Trea
H. UNZICKER. M. UNZICKER,
Gen. Manager and Secretary. Western Representative.
CHICAGO IRON WORKS,
,-~~ T-- LDr'Rr',]:y'.s OF. -===_=
Ceneral Mining and Milling Machinery,
Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills,
Smelting, Concentrating, Leaching, Chlorinating, Hoist
ing and Pumping Plants of any capacity. Tramways,
Corliss Engines, Compound Engines, Boilers, Cars, Cages,
Skips, Ore and 'Water Buckets, Wheels and Axles and
all kinds of Mine Supplies.
Western Office, General Office and Works,
No. 4 Lower Main St., Clybourn Av. and Willow St.,
Helena, Mont. Chicago, Ill.
Glarke, Gonrad & Curtin.
. . . . * * . * * * * * * *
Ranges and Stoves.
We are now ready for the Spring, with the very best stock of
House Furnishing Goods ever offered to the pubhc. We are head
quarters for Lawn Mowers, Lawn Sprinklers, Hose Reels, Brass
Nozzles, Rubber Garden Hose, eta
A Carload of Refrigerators and Ice Cream Freezers,
OOB ~90. . 2..T E~n n'd4.M
Telephone No. 90. 42 and 44 S. Main St.
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