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as sur. iIsh i fina le wis e . i 15 ' SIluade] thee moathu.... Sn teole'ia Sundayh ] per month... II ler awle~eierd, t wehk. leoveniesa.. 2s " ELENA, MONT., JULY 17, 1892. 9A1E* I*DarDUnD on file at their favorite Wtaiml Fifth Arveuse nd Metr opelitar , New SpI iDd. ll. e.portedtr ,d er month d..ly by E. J. gl ss. United States observer. 6:00 . m. 6:00p m. dret ........... ....17...28.. 29.40 tarn e p e............. 0 _...... Wid ................ .sw-- sw- Sotal prcipittion durin ple at tweirnt-forit a imum temperature. and etro. . Minimum temperature: an nd Pa.. L ocal forecast for M Helena Showers; Hooler. ]elena, July 10. 189L. PEDERAL ARBITRATION. Representative Watson, of Georgia, aJ member of the alliance party, proposes mittee to investigate the causes of the labor troubles in the C:00ur d'Alee min senate has also been suggested. There can be but little objection to suen in vestigations of strikes in the last few years, but no legislation has yet been enacted to settle the unceasing conflicts between conflict and labor. Since the recent outbreaks in Penn. sylvania and Idaho public attention has again been called to the plan of federal arbitration outlined by President Cleve land in a special message to congress when the great Missouri Pacific railroad strike was in progrees a few years ago. Mr. Cleveland's views are worth quoting again. He said: I am satiseed that something may be done under federal authority :0o prevent the dis taranate which so often ariese from dispute beatween employer and employed, and which at times seriously threaten the business Interests of the beecountry, and in my opinion the proper theory upon which to proeesd is that of voluntary arbitration as the means of ettlin the diffihe ulties. But I conflicsuggest that instead of arbitrators chosen in the betweeof conflicting claims and after each disinpute hall arise, there shall be reted a commission of labor, cunsisc attenting of thees again bers, who shall be reglar of feder of the government. charged, amtong other dhensi the grew t Monsideration and settle daties, with the consideration and settle ment, when possible, of all controversies b# een labor and capital. Scommission thus organized would have the advantage of being an able body, and its members as they gained experience, would constantly improve in their ability to deal intelligently and usefully with the questions which might be submitted to them. The establishment by federalauthor ity of such a bureau would be a just and sensible recognition of the value of labor and its right to be represented in the de partments of the government. So far as its conciliatory offices shall have relations to disturbances which interfere with transit and commerce between the states, its ex istence would be justified under the nroyi sions of the constitution which gives to con grass the power 'to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several statoes.' And in the frequent disputes among the laboring men and their employ ers, of less extent and the consequences of which are confined within the state limits and threaten domestic violence, the inter position of such a commission might be tendered upon the application of the legis lature or executive of the state, under the constitutional provision which requires the general government to 'protect' each of the states 'against domestic violence.' If such a commission were fairly organ ized, the risk of a loss of popular support and sympathy resulting from a refusal to submit to so peaceful an instrumentality would constrain both parties to invoke its interference and abide by its decisions. There would also be cood reasons to hope that the very existence of such an agency would invoke application to it for advice and counsel, frequently resulting in the avoidance of contention and misunder standing. If the usefulness of such a com mission is doubted because it might lack power to enforce its decisions, muoh en couragement is derived from the conceded good that has been accomplished by the railroad commissions which have been or ganized in several of the states, which, having little mo:e than advisory power, have exerted a most oatisfactory influence in the settlement of disiutes between con flicting interests. Here, it seenms to us, is the basis on which legislators should work. Many of the great labor organizations are al ready natio,nalized, and doubtless would heartily approve the appointment of such a board with which their leaders could quickly and conveniently consult. And with the creation of a federal board of this sort other unions that are now local in their nature would find it desir able to nationalize their organizations under uniform rules so that they, too, could more easily secure the benelits of arbitration. It is prevention and not cure that leg islators should seek. The settlement of strikes after they occur, except by sur render of one side or the other, after a demonstration of force, is almost im possible. We believe Mr. Cleveland is on the right track. THE MINER IN (iERMIANT, A writer in the Harvard Quarterly Journal of Economics for July gives some interesting information in relation to the life of miners in the liarz mount ains of Germany. In one sense his re searches are discouraging to those reformers who look for an early solution of the labor problems which now con front us in the nineteenth century. lie shows that in these mines, which have been worked for five or six centuries, the questions that perplex us to-day baffled the oontroversialista of the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Plans for arbitration, hours of labor, | benet soeties, strikee nla every form, are found to have been dioussed from the earliest period. The miners before the time of Luther had their insurance societies which continued in existence until the government a few years ago enacted laws for state insurance against accidents, It is when we come to the wages of to dsy, 'however, that we strike the most startling contrasts between the condi tions of the German miner and his 'American brother in the same industry. I The writer from whom we are quoting says, "I asked a large numnberof men what the daily pay was, and the usual answer of the more skilled ef the four classes was an amount that would average nearly (il2 cents for full working days. If, however, the holdudays and other leisure time were eliminated I found no man whose yearly wages reached 750 marks, roundly $188. If the general mass of labor were taken, such yearly average would hardly rise above $160." An investigation of household expenses showed that for a family of five persons the expenditure for potatoes, cabbages, bread, milk, coffee, sugar, sausages, bacon, lard and beer amounted to about fifty-two cents a day. Add' to this the cost of insurance and benefit payments, clothing, fuel, rent, holiday expenses, sick fund dues, taxes, etc., and we would have a total cost of $'50 a year. In such a household, the father at most could not earn to exceed $185, leaving a deficit of $6i to be made up from other sources. This shortage in the average family is made up by the women and little child ren who bring fagots from the forest, pick berries, knit, make lace and breed canary birds for the market, and the like. It is the general expectation that the wife will in some way contrive to pay the rent and add something besides to the common store, beside rearing her brood of children. Yet the writer records that, in spite of this narrow margin, the people are cheerful, marri ages are early, the death rate relatively low, the dwellings singularly clean and comfortable. Wages have remained very uniform and higher than in other i industries and the mining class is a 4 distinctive one whose members like the f life they lead. Tradition is strong I among them, and a man who can boast that his grandfather and great grand- I father before him toiled in the mines, I like himself, has a pedigree of which he Is proud. i IN THE C(EUR D'ALENES. The breakers of the law are now in the hands of the law. Such is the speedy ending of the trouble in the oeur d'Alene mining district. There could be no other outcome to the con test. When the union miners resorted to violence and bloodshed, they lost their case. Whatever sympathy they may have had from the public in the beginning they have lost by their own folly. The American people are not of two minds on this question. There is one law for all. Its violators must be punished wherever found. The men who have destroyed life and property are malefactors who must be dealt with as such. It is no longer a question of labor and wages. There is no occasion for sympathy or sentiment. The pro cess of the court is being carried out in a straight forward and orderly manner with every assurance that justice will be meted out to all alike. There is no danger but that the lesson of this struggle will be applied by men every where. It is unfortunate indeed that it had to be learned at such cost, but the effect will be wholesome all around. ONE more big .summer convention is before us. The national encampment of the Sons of Veterans will be the last and greatest of all, in point of numbers. Our citizens have their hands well in, now, as entertainers, and unless all signs fail the boys will have a good time as they deserve. By the way, is any move being made to secure conven tions for Helena next year? We are now admirably equipped for them. The auditorium, which is so admirably adapted for public gatherings, has more than paid for itself in the reputation it has brought to our people for enter prise. Every visitor has been impressed by it, and has gone home to sound the praises of our people. The big hall still stands, ready to receive future conven tions. By all means let us have more of them. CONIi.MLETE harmony exists among the New York democracy. At the meeting the other day of prominent democrats to prepare for the reception of the noti fication committee of the democratic national committee such friends of Mr. Cleveland as ex-Mayor Grace, ex-Secre tary Fairchild, E. Ellery Anderson, William C. Whitney, Samuel D. Bab cock and others met in friendly conclave Blourke Cookran, Richard Croker, Thos. F. Gilroy and other leaders of Tammany. "You can't toll the lion from the tiger here," said Mr. Cockran. Without a dissenting voice, without a murmur of dissatisfaction, these leaders of demo cracy stand shoulder to shoulder for the campaign. The electoral vote of New York is as sure for Grover Cleveland as anything in the future can be. Tnl. fNDI-I'FNDENT enumerates some of the F1ilcou stockholders who, it says, are republicans. upoose they are. Who are the oincers of the company? That is the question, though we have no idea of hold ing the political rarty to which they belong responsible for the trouble in the Cceur d'Alenes.-Inter Mountain. They are A. M. lolter, president; A. M. Esler, manager; A. .1. Seligman, sec retary and treasurer. They all happen to be prominent and influential repnbli cans, and of course you haven't any idea of holding the political party to which they belong responsible. Neither have we. It was not 'Tnc INDEPENDFENT but the Inter Mountain that attempted to draw the parallel between the Hlonme stead and the Coeur d'Alene troubles when none existed. A Leaosun u MclKtlleylsa. WOLCOTTr, N. Y., July 14.-The republican farmers of Eastern Wayne county have been giving the practical workings of the McKinley tariff bill serious thought durinf the past week. In 1884 quite a few demo orate, who owned looks of sheep, voted foi fMr. Blaine on the quiet, ivng as a aui the feat that the were wool growers and that they believed the demoerato pruty was in favor of tre weoo Four yeas glo they took the sIame cosom for the same rease. n 1891 the local bugy ere of wool were pging il the neighbor hood of 50 Oentl a pound. for the product, and durlng the Clevehland.arrison cam pailga the price was about the sme. binee the campaign, of 1889 the price in Wayne co01ty has1 been goi down. Two Iyear ago the local baleye paid 47 cnts, while last year the price had tumbled to 82 esnta. Every day last week a double row of teams waited in front of the oflle of D.'N. Miner, who is now the only buyer. He had published a eoilee iq the village papere uggllestng that extra car be taken in the washing of the sheep and the preparatioe of the fleeces, and had offered to give an extra price for the product. Thegrewers were thunderstruck when in formed that the hiphest price was 27 cent., or a reduction of five cents from lest year, and of 20 oente from that of two years ago, before the McKinley bill went into effect. These wool growers are dilsguted, and it will be inteoleting to watch how they vote this fall. CROP BULLETIN. The Weather BMa Been Just light for Growing. Observer E. J. Glass, of the Montana weather service, reports for the week end lan July 9, that the reports from the differ eat seetions of the state do not differ but little from those of last week. The weather has been just what has been needed for crops, namely, normal temperature, with light showers and plenty of sunshine. The temperature has been about normal in the western, and above the normal in the ex treme eastern portion of the state. In Cho tean county, orops are rapidly making up for the time lost dnling the fore part of the season, and from present indications crops of all kinds promise a good average yield. In Lewis and Clarke county crops are in fair condition. The hay crop is excellent and timothy is headed out. Gardens are below the aver age on accoant of the late frosts during June, and also by eut-worms. Oats are half grown in Deer Lodge county and have almost oaught up with the average season; hay harvesting will not begin for twenty days yet on account of the wet season in most sections of the county. Strawberries are being brought to mar ket and are of better flavor than those shipped to Montana from the coast. Crops in other sections all promise a good yield. In Park county farmers are irrigating their lands In the absenee of rain. In the moun tains and on grazing lands mosquitoes are very plentiful and very annoying to the cattle. The very warm weather in eastern Mon tana has been beneficial to the corn crop, and as there was considerable moisture in the soil it did no damage to other erops. The rainfall has consisted principally of local showers during the past week and generally below the normal, with the ex ceptions of (hotean, Helena and Boulder, which was slightly above the normal. The following rainfall is reported for the past week: Choteau. 0.33; Havre, 0.16; Dearborn canyon, 0.18; Helena, 0.56; Boulder, 1.02; Elk Park, 0.12; Glendive, 0.03; Bozeman, 0.09; Horr, 0.05; Fort Buford, 0.02. HAl) BAD LUCK. How Two Bicycle Riders Fared In a Trip to Meagher County. About a week ago GUo. Fisher and Char. ley Cooper, two of Helena's most enthusi astio wheelmen, started to make a trip to White Sulphur Springs on their machines. They went over all right, but on the return home were not so fortunate. it raine.l bard and the roads became so bad thbat it was almost impossible to make any Iro gress. Finally Fisher damaged his wheel so he could not ride it at all, and he hired a horse and cart. The damaged macbine was put in, Cooper also put his in, and the two continued on their journey. Along in the night the rain came down in buckets. the party got off the road, drove down an embankment, we:e thrown out and the borse ran away. After a search of two days they found the animal in a prosreot hole, on his back, one eye punched out, and the cart and two machines piled on top of him. Fisher returned to Helena Frianv might, but Cooper was so braised up he was not able to travel. Good Story eo Senator Ingalls. Ex-Senator Ingalls, of Kansas, has been slected an honorary member of the Minne apolis Cod Liver Oil club, There was no doubt about his eligibility, and his election was unanimous. Ingalls' meager endow ment of flesh has been the occasion of a Rood many stories, one of the best of which was related the other night by another Kansas man at the West. "You know how lean Ingalls is," he said. "Well, down in Atchison these is a doctor who is a great friend of the senator. This doctor had been greatly annoyed by a news boy who would come into his office very unceremoniously and pester him by trying to sell papers. •One day when Inealls was in the office the boy was hbeard cominaup the stairs and the doctor decided to put up a job on him. He rushed out an articulated skeleton, placed it in a chair by the desk, and then the two men withdrew to the back room. "In rushed the bo), and, without notic ine what was at the desk, came directly up to the skeleton. When he looked up and saw it grinning at him he was nearly scared into convulsions, and bolted for the door, yelling bloody murder. The joke tickled the doctor, but Ingalls' conscience pricked him, and going to the window he looked out at the boy, who was standing below crying. "'Come up stairs, my boy,' he said, 'I'1 buy one of your papers.' "But the newsie began toyell harder that ever, and between his sobs he managed tc blubber out, '0, you can't fool me, even ii you have put your clothes on.' "-Minneap olit 'Tribune. Corruptly Elected. Pains, July 16.-M. Daniel Wilson, son in-law of the late M. Grevy. whose implica tion in traffic of decorations when M. Grevy was pre.ldent, caused such scandal as to lead to the forced resignation of President (Grevy, was a short time since elected Mayor of Locbes. the commune in which his es tate is situated. Charges are to be made that he used illegal means to secure his election and be will be placed on trial. To-day he was found guilty and fined 1,000 francs for cor, o~ t practices. Fine chinaware crps andl sancers, broad plates. berry bowls. etc. at c ret. to cloeo, at Butcher & Bradley's, 113 Blroadway. Milliary Post. At a meeting of the committee for ob taining proposals for land suitable for a military post near Helena, held in this city upon this date, it was Resolved, That whereas it is absolutely necessary that all proposals for selling or donating lands suitable for a military post near Helena be put in such form as to on. able this committee to feel warranted in offering same for the consideration of the board to be appointed by the government, and, whereas, this committee will upon July 18 give notice that several locations are now ready to be submitted to esuch board; this is to notify all persons propos ing to make bids for the selling or donat mig of lands for the purpose above men tioned that after the date of July 18 no proposals will be ieceived, and that all bids new on hand that are not perfected by that time will be withdrawn from consider ation. The chairman was instructed to publish this fiBal notice in two daily papers of this city for five dave. H. M. MPAxncEN, Chairman. At recent trials of mowing machines held at Logan. I tat. under thRe auOices of tIhe United tHt es agricultural bureau, the Waller A Wood's nuw tubular steel mower was an uasy winner, btating all competitors on an average in points of forty ier cent. I'. t. Power k (.o. are state seasa for these celebrated machines, ineludkts their sinale apron harrester and binder. REPORT OF THE CONDITION American National 8oank, At Relena, in the State of Mon. tana, at the I Coe of Busi ness, July 12, 1892. a .o...... Ct 000 tike fkm riu m. 0 ·Pmr 9,9l 0 , b a r l.................. 585 69 T5899 87 anmking houee, frnlttareand flxtures 9.00 0 C:arret opense and taxe..s paid..... 45 10 'remt.ms on U. b. bonds ........... 8,9U (0 Checks ald other Dash Itemn ...... ... 1,4184 7 Billnfr oth.e anks ..... ,8 8 rro02 4,57 000 _rationni iper ouyron oy, nikelt and n snte.o10 dotee...... 19,100 00 00,910 19 Redemption fond with U. S. Trsm. -rer (5 per cent. of eoiroulation).... 2.9000 Total........................... 8$68,741 20 LIABILITIES. Capital etock paid in ............. .... 800.001 C Surlins fond 10................... ,000 0 l ndivide l profits.. ............... ,1~0 41 National bank notes outtandio .... 45,0010 00 i~ividend u npaidd ....... $ 6. 0000 Individual deposits sub et to che ............ 18904 7 Demand cerltlioatee of de Posit ............... ,8190 16 Time certificates o de p .it ......... ...... 127,749 85 ('sbhier's checks ootltnnd ing ....................... 20,199 78 Due to other national bank ................... 49.181 49 Due to state banks and bankers ................. 5,961 88 402,980 73 Total.............................. $ 68.741 20 State of Montana rcounty of Lewis and Clarke 1. A. C. Johnson, cashier of the above-named bank, do solemnly swear that the above state ment is troe to the hst of my knowledge .and belief. A. (C. JO--lBiON, Cahior. -obecribed and sworn to ba:ore me thn 18th day of July, 189t2. JOHN t. MILLER I .EAL. I Notary Public, Correot-Attest: R. LOCKEY. JAN. SUILLIVAN. A. J. BELIto AN. Directors. F"irst National Bank O HELENA. MONT. PAID UP CAPITAL, - $500,000 SURPLUS AND PROF ITS, 700,000 Designated Depository of the United States. aterestAllowed on i;me Deposits. Oeseral Banking Business Tranaotesd Satet Deposlt Bne tfo Be.t Dlreetorse A. T. BAUSEB.R. Predent 3. W. KNIGHT. . . Cashier. T. H. KL.INSCIHMIDT - sat. Cashier. 9GEO. H. HILL. - fd A.st. Cashien Granvil. Stuart. - " tok we Hen. T. C. Poewere - .a J. C. Curtiu. Clark, es, Conad & 0ati R. S. Hamiton. - - - Capitalist 0. . Allen. - inia sand BStokgroweo Chas. K. Wells, M-r rI'hant A. M. Holter. - A. . Holter Hardware Co Assoolated Bank,, Northwestern National Ba.k. - Groat Falls First National Bank. - , Missoula First National Bank. - - Butt NO. 4400. Jelena National Bank OF HELENA. MONT. CAPITAL, $500,000. .ransacts a General Banking Bust. noss. JOHN T. MURPHY, . President. SHIRLEY C. ASHBY. - Vioe-President. BIANK BAIRD, - Cashier. Interest allowed on time deposits Exchange huned on tforeign countriese. Transfer of money by toeleraph. FIlrt-elase eity, county, and state seourites bought and slo Collection, promptly attended to. Board of Directowre JohnT. Morph. Airley C. Ashby. P. W. MrAder. rankt Baird. Chas. K. Well J. P. Woelmaan. E. G. Maclay. W. E. Callen, Jno. 8. Mendenhall, Abner H. Clements B . . Ford, A. A. McDonald. . P. Porter. IT has been well said that "Bread is the Staff of Life." But in re calling this adage it should be borne in mind that this can justly have reference only to the light spongy loaf made from the best Flour, like the iI II Brand of the North Dakota Milling Gompany Be sure that a fac simile of the above is on each sack. UJC.TION ST: LE I D[y Goods, Fancy Goods, Notions, Clothing, FURNISHING GOODS, SHOES, HATS, ETC. H. BARNETT'S, 18 S. MAIN STREET. ENTIRE STOCK WILL BE SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE UNTIL DISPOSED OF,. Sale of Dry Goods, Etc., Daily at 2 p. m. Sale of Glothing, Etc., Daily at 7 p. m. (GEO. BOOKER, Auctioneer., T her Am lean Niiloi1 SL air UUL A, OA1rTAnras 3ao r A.I. UIGMAD. *( Y~rn.?eeerd A. U. J@WIUOU.S - Ed.. .Q1. 001~ * *' *rnQuhi ,wm eflwed emUn;s dememtin Iseb.amp bed em uelmlmlt aw.. .t the Wated Sd. Caned. md ZUaep. Tmee.eim .1 mew nemie b7 telynUeb. Oeleroti·ae per,. ,twetd t. at,. ooeequm .ta sehuwttlrn b. t sa add M%1 erchants National Bknk UNITED STATES DEPOSITOuT:. Paid in Capital . 5,0000. Surplus and Profts. .90.000. tes. Fkru~rmom L lix I~rt.lma,,¶~t. mmtamm EbteL Kee Mbyh . MWwapBat bovH. sn~ale t1rne·gmib b ilm Doze"y tot et witr.e.nmble ile tma thn ee dkeaetvneted din mmd berglmv peseefe (epo Lt voulte in the eemm m Seeond National Bank Of HELUNA. MONT. PAID UP CAPITAL, $78,00(0 SURPLUS AND PROFITS, $25,000 A General Banking Busness Trmaaoted. Bead eof 5lreabtre .ee . . Ckild. - ontana National Bank OF HELENA. MONT. UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY. Capital Paid in, . $500,000. arupleus andr , * $200,000. C-A. ADWAT . - Preeideat A. -IM - - Aust. Cahie W bls, Peter Larson, C. V. SCan . B. C. Wallac. D. A. Coll. The Thomas Cruse Savings BANK, OF HELENA. Incorporated Under the Laws of Montana. PAID IN CAPITAL, $100,000. THOMAS CURE.. Preeldent. WM. J aWN. - - Treasuro. Trusteesi Thomas Crus, Frank H. Crasa Win. J. Cooke. Win. J. Swemaj. John Fagan. Allows 4 per cent. interest on Savings Deposit. --mpounded January and July. Stchant e on the principal cities of the United States and Europe. Deals in county and city bonds, sad makes loan. on real eltato mortgages. Office hours from lO a. m. to 4 p.m. Also m. Saturday and Monday evening from to 8 olaock. 4 e 4 NIA1WWARASW3S5 IOU º Morataria' Sapphires. rand Sower ir Spoons C. 8. JACOUEMIN& CO,, Jewelers and Silversmithe Dealem In Diamnonds, Watobhe, Clooa4 Jewelry and Silverwar Fancy 'Arttole, Umbrellas, Canes, eta PIANOS, Of the Best Makes Only JEWELRY MADE TO ORDER. aser~vsl. Weltb a.esIrm. * ..e Weerk Onl Furniture and Garpets. Shades, Lace Office AND AND Cheille Certaias School Frnitna J. B. SANFORD, Nos. 112 and 114. Broadway, Helena. CARL GAIL, President. E. BUMILLER, V.-Pres. andTre 8. UNZICKER,1 M. UNZICIKER, Ge. Manager and Secretary. Western Representative CHICAGO IRON WORKS, General Mliing ad Milling Machinery, Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills, Smelting, Concentrating, Leaching, Chlorinating, Hoist ing and Pumping Plants of any capacity. Tramways, Corliss Engines, Compound Engines, Boilers, Cars, Cages Skips, Ore and Water Buckets, Wheels and Axles and all kinds of Mine Supplies. Western Office, General Office and Works, No. 4 Lower Main St., Clybourn Av. and Willow St., Helena, Mont. Chicago, Ill. OUR MOTTO: "FAIR DEALINQ." Clarke, Conrad & Curtin, HARDWARE, IRON, STEEL AND NAILS; AGENTS FOR RATHBONE, SARD & CO',S = Complete Line of 5O E Acorn Stoves and Ranges. A C i4ILLIoHN House Furnishing Goods in endless variety. Mason Fruit Jars, Jelly Glasses, Ice .:I. Cream Freezers, Lawn Mowers, ~.... Refrigerators, etc. , ' 42 and 44 South Main Street. Telephone 9go.