A BRICDU l OF SA~lT.
t Isa Partly Natural and Pertly Artl
fiolal Wonder Iu Deask Valley.
The natural wonders of Death valley have
robably been more minutely and extens
vly deescribed by professional writers than
ny other spot they never saw, but one
onder there has in some way escaped theus
ntraveled scribes, says the San Francisco
Examiner. In 1888 omue borax works were
built on the east side of the valley, a couple
of miles or so above the mouth of Furnace
Creek canyon. The road thence to the
allroad led down the ea ast side of the valley
or several miles, and then had to cross
ver to the west benause no drinking w iter
an be had on the east side below Furnace
reek. Moreover, the land on the west
side lies much better for a road. But how
to get the wagons across the valley was a
problem. From end the center of the val
ley is one long salt marsh, and in most
places it is so soft and wet that even a man
would need snowshoes to insure safety.
Elsewhere, however, the ooze has bueu
crusted over. This crust is in places very
thin and treacherous, and only in one lo
cality does it seem to be firm.
Wherever this crust has been cut through
a thin slimy salt mud has been found to be
of unmeasurable depth-unmeasurable with
any line or pole. Dr. U. lait Merriam's
corps of scientists cut through in one place
and easily shoved a pole down fifteen feet.
There is no guessing how much deeper the
However, a road must be had, and so the
workmen went about over the marsh where
the crust seemed to be thickest and sounded
it with sledge hammers. They found the
crust was a mixture of salt and sand, and
eventually a route was decided upon. The,
road was then to be graded, and probably
for the first time in the world a road of the
length of this one was graded exclusively
with sledge hammers.
Here was a stretch of solid salt some
eight miles across. In a sense it was level
-there were no hills or valleys. In an
other there was scarce a level square inch
on the whole bed, for the salt crust had
probably, through the influence of heat
from above and of moisture from below,
been torn and twisted and thrown up into
the most jagged peaks, pyramids and eris
crossed ridges imaginable. They were not
high-none more than four feet-but there
was not level space even for a man's foot
between them. Every stop made was on a
ragged point or edge of some kind. The
nearest approach to anything like that 1
have ever seen was on the ice on Lake Erie,
where two fields had been Jammed together
by the wind and held so by the frost. The
ragged ice masses were somewhat like
these salt masses. They were larger, bat
they were not so sharp nor in any way so
difficult to cross.
Judging that the crust would sustain the
weight of the wagons, the workmen swung
their sledge hammers day after day until
they had beaten down these pinnacles into
a smooth pathway six foot wide. It was,
perhaps, the most laborious engineering
work ever done in the country, for the cli
mate and location, far from civilized habi
tations, combined to retard the efforts of
the workmen. The roadway, when com
pleted, led over what may be properly called
a naturally formed bridge of salt eight
miles long-the only bridge of the kind in
As one enters the easterly end of this
road two unmarked craves are seen in the
salt crust near the track. They are graves
of unknown men who died there from the
heat, and, after the fashion of the country,
were buried where they fell. They were
covered over with pieces of suit broken
from the pinnacles near by. The crust was
too hard to warrant digging into it. One
must travel a long time to find two more
graves like those, if, indeed, two more can
be found in the world.
An Expert Who Ilelleves the Single
Loader Is the ileat.
While the magazine gun board is con
cluding its tests of submitted weapons at
Springfield, it is interesting to notice says,
the Army and Navy Rlegister, that Mr.
Very, of the lotokiss Ordinance company,
whoseo residence in Europe has afforded
him ample opportunity of watching the A
magazine gun epidemic, believes the Spring
field single loader is the superior of any
of the magazine guns. Undoubtedly half f
a dozen shots or whatever the magazine
holds can be firo.l more rapidly from a
magazine than froml a Springfield rifle. t
IBut Mr. Very judiciously observes that the t
critical period, during which a great rapid
ity of firing will be very important in bat
tie, will last three or four minutes and a
soldier can fire more shots in three or four
minutes from a Sp, ingfiold single-loader
than he can from a magazine
gun. Mr, Very also rrakes the cur
ious hut imprrrt:rt criticism of tirhe
mngazino guns, that no soldier in the ex
citemirint of combat will keep count of his
shots and that he will go through the mo
tions of firing at arn advancing enemy after
he has exhansted hia magazine. Even in
practico and tarrct filitng he believes that
most soldiers fire once more than they have
cartridges, and amid the noise and excite- N
ment of battle, especially in the face of a "
charge from the enemy, he believes that a
lnrge iortion of the troops would forget all
ibout the magazines and go on automatic
ally with the motions of loading ard firing. I
Most of the officers of companies that were
a few years ago supplied experimentally
with Inagdzine guns reported adversely on
them. They have with them a careful and
intelligent observer fresh from the conti- t
nent, where ll armies are equipped with
magazine guns. The investigation now
going on is of exceptional tho:oughness,
nrd the report of our smnaill arms board -
will be of great importance; it will prob
ably be conclusive.
TILE KING'S UWARFS WED.
A Marrlage That Took 'Place With Regal
Little Gibeon was at the christening and I
Saw tile siiall Anne decked out in great
splendor, and although he was still rather
young to think of matrimony he fell in
love with her then and there. His affection I
was returned, and in due course the king
and queeon gave their consent to the mar
rineo, of the two dwarfs.
(rent prei urations were made for tiis
Sweddrig, which was celebrated in tihe -
chapel of the palrce of St. ,lames, aind
everybotdy who Wils anlybody at all was bid
den to tile cerelrony. tHenrietta Maris,
who, ini more seniees thai one, was the
ruigniiig beauty of the British court, took
Lrcirt ilrterest in the festivities ani air
raryed herself in all her splendor and love
liness to bcatow her blessing on the little
'lThe little Lride looked charmiun in a
white elttin dress with a very long train,
ind the tiny groom wore a, white sstin
waistcoat with trimimings of satin. Ilis
Irose aiid lirercres wore of white silk, and
dianlornud euckles sliark!ed in iris tiny shoes.
'lThe warfs were a drltity pair, and created
a citsIntion as thie stood beforel the clergy
witrn exchaeli ng their vows. King Charles,
verYv hiindsonilt. very graoeotul. ard looking
every ioinch a kitng, gave away the bride.--t.
Gootl looks ale more than skin deep. de o
rendingl uton a healthy conrdition of all the i
vital organs. Ii thu liver be iractive, you (
have a bilious look; if your stoitach be dis- I
ordcretd sou have a dyspeptio look. ndil It
your kildneys hr. atlrlrctedolvit havn piuncthed I
look. Hecuro good healtlh lid you will
havel good looks. E'loetrio hitlers is the I
rentl niteratrive and tinle; neacts dinectly on
these vital organs. ('Cures pitles, hlotches,
I:oils ind gives a good eoniplexount. Sold
rt Hi. S. Iale & Coi.'s drug store; e0o. per
Are Yeo !ullV, lnig
l:romn back anchi, inllamnlmatiou of tho hblInd
der, bhlck dust deposit or stone in theblnd
tlr, or in fact rnry deranllugincti of the
lidlleys or urinltre orlnearn? If thus silllited t
t!to lioL lieo tii li andl waste nuonev onworthl-
hle Imrnihrtltiit aild worse tilrstelr, but strike t
lit lthe rest of the dlltranso att onee by using
thu greurtest -I1 of anown remedies, the col
tik,,, purely vegetable. Latlsfactilon every I
* Stnner in PriGes ' ,
- THE BEE II IM.
We shall soon begin to enlarge and remodel our present quarters, and as we have an immense stock on hand which we do
not want to remove to other locations, we shall make sweeping reductions in every line, so that goods will be in reach of every
purse. Everything reduced. See our prices. This sale will continue until stock is disposed of. No reserve. Goods must go.
MEN'S UNDERWEAR. LADIES' UNDERWEAR. BABY CARRIAGES.
Men's summer weight gray Underwear, to close, 35c. Jersey ribbed sleeveless Vests, roc. Our $6.50 leaders, worth $9, closing price $5.
Men's fancy balbriggan Underwear, to close, 4oc. Children's ribbed sleeveless Vests, zoc. Our $q leader, worth $l2, cloing price $7.25.
Men's chocolate " " 55c. Ladies' fine guaze Jersey Vests, 25c. Our $r I leader, worth $i 5, closing price $9.
Men's black " " " " 65c. Ladies' cotton Pants and Vests, long sleeves, 35c. Our $ 12 leader, worth yI16.5o , closing price $9.75.
Men's Australian wool, spring weight Underwear, to close Ladies' fast black Jersey Vests, 25c. Our $13 leader, worth :r18, closing price $Ir.
9. Ladies' Jersey Vests, short sleeves, 25c. On all fine carriages we offer a special reduction of o per
Men's heavy x6-threadcbalbriggan Underwear, to close, $1.25. dies English albriggan Vests, -sleeves, cent.
Men's unlaundried White Shirts, to close, 4oc. Ladies' English Balbriggan Vests, long sleeves, 5oc.-....
Boy's " " " " " 35c. Ladies' 16-thread Pants and Vests, in Ecru only, 6oc CROCKERY AND CHINA.ARE.
Men's Negligee Shirts, 40c, 4oc, oc, and upwards. Muslin Night Gowns, 50c, 75c, 85c mnd $x.
Men's fast black, Negligee Shirts, $s. Muslin Chemises, 5oc, 6oc, 8oc and $i. Our 56-piece decorated Engliih Tea Set, usually sold for
Men's night Shirts 6oc, 75c, and .. Muslin Drawers, 35c, 5oc, 6oc and 75c. $6.0,o, closing price $3.75.
Our 75c line of Gents' Neckwear, 4oc. Muslin Skirts, 5oc, 75c and 9oc. Our I.1-piece Dinner Set, a regular go htunmer, finely
Our 4oc " " Infants' short Dresses, 4oc and upwards. Our piecrated, to Set, a h er nely
O 4cInfants' embroidered Hoods, 25c to $.25 decorated, to clo:;e at $x2.50.
O ""Infants' embroidered HIoods, 25c to $_.25. Our gold hband Tea Set, 56-pieces, fine French china, sold
H OSIER Y at $r, to close, at $8.7.
HI OSIERY . LAMPS AND GLASSWARE. Our oldi bardl Dinner Set, Carlsbad china,ao2 pieces, regular
Ladies' fast black Hose, to close, roc. On all Lamps, Lampware and Glassware we will allow Our decorated Chamber Set, including slop jar, regular
Ladies' fast black IIose, seamless, I5c. a discount on all purchases this week of so per cent. price $7, to close at $5.25, without jar $3.
Ladies' regular 40oc black Hose, to close, 25c. Decorated china spittoons to close 75c.
Ladies' very fine 75c Hose, to close, 5oc.
Ladies' opera length hose, worth $1.25, to close, 75c. NOVELTIES AND FANCY GOODS. TABLE LINENS AND TOWELS.
Children's ribbed Ilose, fast black, to close, S5c.
Children's plain black hose, to close, i5c. We have an immense line of novelties and fancy goods, We have a full line of theLse goods, comprising fine Irish
Children's extra heavy ribbed Hose, to close, 2oc. such as Plush Cases, Albums, Head Rests, Photograph and German Linen 'rable Cloths, Napkins, and Doylies,
Children's assorted Ilosc, odds and ends, in blacks, browns Frames, in plush and metal, Smoking Sets, Bric-a-brac, knotted fringe Damask Towels, Turkish Towels of all sizes,
Men's fnavy black half e, w orth 35c , to close, 2c. Jewelry, Toys, Dolls, Vases, Fancy Chinaware, Mirrors, Bureau Scarfs-Linen, fancy borders, Stamped Linens of all
Men's colored Balbriggan, to close, 12/c. Artificial Flowers, Leather Goods, etc., on which we offer a kinds, Table Covers in Silk, Plush and Chenille. On these
Men's seamless grey lalf Hose, to close, 75c per dozen. discount of 25 per cent. goods a special discount this week of xo per cent.
Remember that all goods are marked in plain figures, and the discounts offered are strictly as advertised. Call and see our bargains.
SOL. GENZBERGER & CO.,
HELENA, MONT. 5 NORTE-I MAIN STREET.
.... . ..... . _.. ~ --....~ _ _ -- _ ........... . . - ....- i ¥- -,-,,,- - i- ,, ,. ---- k..
UMlMONS-IN THiE DISTRICT COURJIT OF
the Firstjudicial district of tho state of Mon
tana, in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke.
Lo.au Smith, plainitif, ve. Louisa S mith, do
''he state of N1ontana sends greeting to the
You are hereby required to appear inl un action
brought against you by the abovo-named hluin
till in tile distrlct court of the First judicial
district of the statn of Montana, in andl for the
county of Lewis and tlark,', and to answer the
comllaint tiled thereinl within ton days texclu
live of the day of service) after the service on
o011 Of this sumlnons, if curved witlhin this roIuntlV;
vit, if' reiv.d oat of this county, but within Itds
districl within twenty dlo.s: itherwise wiIthsi
forty daia, or judmeont Iby sdef.ault will ie t-keou
aaoi st you, according to the prayer of said coil
'l hi said actlio is sbrought to obtain a dooreo
of this court dissoIlvig t he bonds of s.atrimony
hierteloforu e uad now eoi.tin,' Ihtetoen si'plintiif
iand yss ourself, uponti the Itrolnd that yous did, on
Juslo2L. Itel. williilly andi witfoot caltus' ll 'rt
andl amaono ti la ntilt. and htav.. over s-incr con
tInuld and still cl.lninell so to do, witlshout c:uste
or roason, ail auain't the will of plaint it" aend
without his consent; and for goneral roliof. All
Ias nmose filly alpears insl lthe uotiplidat on file
hl reili, Io \ilucli rolreisci is s ait .
Ani you are hieret'by nolilio. that if youl fail to
tpll.ar and auisiw.r tle sail cosi1pllnt,. as above
reulirdi, th.e s.id Iedit itil will Iapply to trse court
for this relief delmasdid in theo oltaislaint.
(jiven undsr my hand and the -oal iof tlhodiltrir:t
court of the First. iudicial district iof til ltate of
Montana, in and or thie rountly of lewis andt
('larko, this 2ld dlay of Jnne, in the oeer of
our Lord one thousand right hundrsed and ninoty
tReoAt. I JOHN BEAN, Clerk.
liv 11ii. IW. 'IrttoaMpsoN. D)spuity h'lt'k.
F. N. anti S. II. ll ii. Plaintill'i Aittorneys.
IN TIil, DITIC (T COURT OF '1II FIfST
judicial distrlrt of the state of Montana, its
and for the rcoulty oli l.owis and i larki.
In the lnatt er of ti estate of .\ton liostner,
docvisad.-- ' otieso ii rislit s.
Niticle is horsos givon by tho undersigned, ad
min vtrsarix of i i' i tlte oif A.\ntos Ili,ssaor, de
eascned, to t.le' cretLtoIre of, alld all lpersoIs hiav
ing claimns utaest.is the l sadid dio't'sed, to 5x
lilslt thlem. wit Ills Ihats,'s ary \iue tiers, within
foul' nlolths after tlls ,l 1 lt- publlcation of tlis
notics, to tlis said adnslist-tr-rixi , si tit law
otfict of ilasseon- l:nlltrd, Beeone 8, bold blorlk:
in the city of Ite ia. in the sount.s of Il vIis ansi
('larko. state of Montan:a. thie sams Iting the
places for the transaction of tlt ,tut, in 's, of s:ud
eobtste, ill said couUty of Iwtis and t lark".
Itl:I !'A 5I ':v!+U,
Adminisrtratri of the estiate i f Antou llossnor.
Dated i let 'si. Molntana, Juno 29. 18~12.
I(I'(('I; (IF HTOt('ttIIO'I)ERt ' IMhTlIN fl
'I 1e ts stockshd'd r' of Nov.sla t('sk tlauor
Mlillllg is tlllsL:lssy: .NItI'st isl hLer)by siit' th:tt ait
tiss'tttin;f 5:. I, . is'slsell.et's sit .eVie' hI seeo
I'l 'or Atliumtn rastsn 1sy \till ls htli at lthei law
salttesos tf tn"oessai tetpveis rosi 5. tioes slusk.
Iheolna, . son s.l . \V'io hli ,tili' Jiuly .e+, lsE. ,
at foullr o'clock I. mn , for to electionl lof ninell
altii', 'le, and fllr eI10 tr:uaI tion ,of ichi othsei
ull'sil.'-- as Illlm y Lie Irio.l ly pro'- c IIItI. All
sitll-llldhdn t irse request d to i'e present in per
soet or bt; proxy.
W. I1. It.LaEIG II. "ec retary.
Iantel Ileoena, s hlontanta, July e , 1,2
= M .MILWAUKEE &
ST. PAUL RAILWAY
Is the Fast Mail Short Line from St
Paul and Minneoapolis via La
Crosse and Mtlwvnukee to Chti'a',o
and all points ii the Eastern llates
and tcanrad:. It is the only line
under one management between
St. Paul andi Chicago, sand it, is the
fine:st equippers railway in the
Northwes:t. It is the only line run
ruIng Plullmf n dr'awtitvl-roon asicep
inq cars with tllhe luxurit)ous .:saot.
ing-roornut, ianid the lsno .t ditlln.
oar-(s in thie world, via t(lie: al;ttuis
"Rivetr Hank lioute," along th.;
rhole-t of Lake 1 -op:nandtils t el bnt.
tiltl Milistsippi river to Milwuatelrks
arnd Chicagjo. It.' trainls conlnoct
with those of the northern. l intitn in
the ilrand Untion depot vet :;t. Pa:ul.
No change Ot cutos of tlsy t'claset Lio
tweots St. Psaul antd Chicailo. For
through tickets, t.lno taltles, and
full intormation, apply to any
ooupon tioket aUent in the North.
Finding it impossible to secure a purchaser with sufficient
capital to buy our imrmense stock of
SVINES, LIQUORS CIGARS
We have concluded to remain in business at the old stand,
No. 3 South Main St., Helena, Montana
Where we shall be pleased to see our old friends and patrons.
We have en route the largest and fin at stock o° Wines,
Liquors and Cigars ever brought to the State, and would
particularly direct attention to the following brands:
MONARCH, 1880. In free bonded warehouse in
HERMITAGE, 1886. Kentucky:
BOND & LILLARD, 1887. 50 bbls.W. H. McBRAYER, fall '88
GUCKENHEIMER RYE, 1887. In U. S. bonded warehouse cer
tificate in Kentucky (will sell in
NELSON, 1880. 5-barrel lots only):
OLD CROW, 1886. J. E. PEPPER, 1891.
W. 1-I. McBRAYER, 1887. BOND & LILLARD, 1890.
,J. E. PEPPER, 1887. W. H. McBRAYER, 1890.
W. H. McBRAYER (FALL) 1888. MELWOOD, 1889.
IN STORE, THE FINEST BRANDS OF iMFORTED
Champagnes, Clarets, Rhine Wines,
Sherries, Ports, Madeira, Whiskies,
Cognac, Gins, Cordials, Etc.
100,000 IIPORTED AND DOMESTIC CIGARS.
Just Arrived from St. Louis, Carload of ExlortPilsener.
Families can find the best Liquors in the city by the bottle
or Gallon, at very low prices. Orders promptly attended to
and delivered to any part ot the city.
I. L. ISRAEL & CO.
TELEPHONE 122. NO. 8 SOUTH MAIN ST, J
Thomas Sulky F3lay Rakes.
MITCHELL, Farm aud Sprio Wa Yaons. STUDEBAKE
". .1... FINE LINE OF º""
BUGGIES, CARRIAGES, BUCKBOARDS, CARTS
Genuine Glidden Wire. Full line of Mc(ormick Machino Extras.
At the Old Stand, Corno Main Street and Sixth Avenue.
*?. S. C. TSSH BY. +
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