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Steou s prompt lasertioe p I50tie bett a V. M. al s not retrnable an TZR x Or alauSclPTION. fnnlal .and lo pet a year .......... rd0 00 ly (laoludinrg Sunday] si months...... 00, lly [uoldind Sunday] three months.... 2 e0 W [ezeldna t nday] per year........ 9 00ty excluding lunadayl per month be...... emli onln advael per year......... 2 50 W in advance onlyl per year......... 200 Datly by curler, per week. Ievsen issnae.. 2 HBELENA,' MONT., AUGUST 7, 1892. '!"Montanians abroad will always find Tea DAtr 1NDlrPENDEsNT on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Meotropolitan. New York: West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palacee San 'raneisooi MoDermott. Butte; Leland Hotel. Bprin..ield. Uil. THh WIEATHER. Peported tot TI: INDEupasgNT daily br S. J. (6r.e, United States observer. 6:00 am. 6:0Dv. M. Parometer.................... .2959 Sai Temrpetratre................. 60 W",0 Wind ....... .. ........ sw-4lt w-10 Temperature at noon. 62.0. Maximum temperature. 88.0. Minimaum temperature. 2.15. Local forecast for lielena: Probably fair; stationary temperature. Hielena, Aug. 6i, 1892. OUlt GUESTS. The last of the national conventions to be held in Helena will be with us this week. While the gatherings of the A. O. U. W. and the mining congress were in a measure disappointing, because of unforeseen circumstances that pro. vented a full attendance at either, there is good prospect that the enoampment of the Sons of Veterans will be more successful. The energetic young men who compose this notable organization have announced their purpose of com ing in large delegations and the meeting promises to be the best the order has seen. Our local committees have cer tainly worked faithfully and the prepa ration for the visitors will be complete. So far as the public is concerned, the t presence of numerous drilled companies 1 to contest for the handsome prizes of fered will make the week's events highly interesting. The committees of the local encampments have asked our citi zens generally to aid them in entertain ing their friends, and every effort should c be put forth to give the visitors a cor- c dial welcome. In particular is it re- i quested that tle business blocks and t residences of the city along the line of ' the parade be decorated in honor of the meeting. This request should meet with prompt response. Let every citizen make himself a committee of one to do something for the pleasure of this body of worthy young men. e A NEEDED REFORM. " Every delegate who attended the re- t .ent, nhational convention in Chicago l warmly approved the resolution offered by the Hon. Patrick A. Collins of Massa- v chusetts, that the next national commit- ] tee, in making preparations for the con vention of 18,9;, should provide accom Ihodations only for the delegates, al ternates, the press and the national committee, and an audience of compar atively small size. We are glad to see that thoughtful men of both parties favor this idea. The HIon. Andrew D. White, who has just been appointed minister to Russia, in an open letter to I Mr. Collins congratulates him on the t step he has taken. Monster conven tions, as Mr. White shows, are a thing p of recent origin. He holds that it is u eminently proper there should be a body d of spectators "equal in size possibly to the entire body of delegates, alternates, a officials and representatives of the press, h and it should be made a rule that the tickets for the spectators' seats be dis- C tributed to the various delegations in fair proportion, thus preventing any local or individual interest from pack. o ing the galleries. It should be a body b of spectators not so large as to tyran- u nize over the convention, and it should be not local but national." Mr. White points out how under the present sys tem it not unfrequently happens that a k delegate who does nlot please the galler ies, no matter how important his state- k ment or argument imay be to his con stituency or to thim country, is howled down by the loc;l mIo1b. Such states men as Jefferson, John (Q:inc. Addams, c C.haseo and Sewarll, hlie says, wo ld have i beon virtually silenced anit si:ut out by one of our latter-day convention mobs. Of the conventions of his own party Mr. White says: Three times in my life I have been a del eaate to a national republican convention. The first two of these were hild in halls of u moderate size, and were deliberative bod- u ies; the third, a few years since, was held in n a vast hall. in which the specatore out- h numbered the delegates miore than ten to : one. The convention proper numbered ft less than a thousand; the spectators were ir understood to number from twelve to four teen thousand, and that assemblage was not, and could not be, in any true sense, a deliberative body. A Anything like real deliberation was sim ply impossible. In order to transform that national convention into a local menalerie, ti the local managers had made the hall in te which it mnet so large thlat president and w members could rarely, if ever, be fully b heard, and so flimsy that wind asainst its w sides or rain upon its roof made even the B "'fog-horns" of the party inaudible. bh, Nor was this the worst. The convention w was at all times practically at the meicy of ci the mob of spectators, and at some times in n its actual control. In some cases this con- ti trol was merely farcical. For instance, at p the very moment when the most thought- fi fuljndgment was required this audience of a sight-seers amused itself by what was p salled "enthusiasm." but what was really, j on the part of large numbers, hysterics. a saw very many men and women in the c: galleries utterly beside themselves, jamp- ti log up and down and shrieking the name t. of the frst candidate who happened to be t .amed, and bshortly afterward I saw many i of the same people again in hysterics, ii lumping as before and shrieking the name v st an opposinOg candidate. I Itt at other times this mob rule by the dualties was not merely faroical; it was I riolouL Motions and speeohes of real im porltanee which eminent members of the convention attempted to make were moo than once drowned by the murmore of thi Sptetators, and, what was worst of all (.swetimes prposXely Inteerupted by them As a nteabllea, I enbntit to yeu a demo ti) that this siort ot hing is idaer r. psUbiloan nor toeamoerte At ill best, it A timply a fates, whioh tends to bring die grabe upon the deliberations of the two partse, and at its worst it is the over. riding of the whole people, acting thronab their chosen repreentatives, by a mob, al ways thoughtless and sometimes venal, drawn mainln from the city in which the convention happens to be held, and there. fore a menace to free disquaglon and a dis grace to the whole country. But Mr. White would not have any thing savoring of a star chamber pro ceeding in these conventions. He would make them in the truest sense of the word deliberative bodies. "I would have the convention," he says, "thrown open to the whole people, not misrepresented by a mob Overshadowing the convention with local or personal aspirations, pred udices, or whims, but represented by a suitable number of citizens from the whole country, admitted under proper regulations; and, in addition to this, I would have the convention, even more than at present, thrown open to the people by the fullest provision for' the press, which, by its telegraphic commu nications, virtually brings every citizen of the United States into the conven tion. The result of this present system, under which the convention has ceased to be a deliberative body, and has be come mainly a menagerie to amuse a local mob of men, women and children, who are frequently admitted for money, and in which, having paid their money, they feel themselves supreme, can be only evil to both the great parties and to the free institutions of our country." To all of which every sensible Amer ican will say a hearty amen. THE St. Louis Globe-Democrat is one republican newspaper that will admit the truth into its columns during a political campaign. It says of the Ala bama election last week: Qne good resnlt, though, has come from the Alabama election. There was no color line in the contest. Whites and blacks were divided, and apparsntly every man seeking to cast his ballot was permitted to to it without any fear of immediate or ulti mate bodily harm. This example is likely Io be followed in other southern states. New issues, local and national, will produce new divisions in the south, and both races will be thus affected. The southein negro i forgetting his old debt to the republican party, and the republicans, in his interest, nave ceased urging him to remember it. It is better for the negro to vote the demo ratio ticket than not to vote at all, and :onsequently anything which eauses a split n his ran kr in the ann.h -nn - ,iih.,,n -. in his ranks in the south and a division in the objects of his volitioal favor will be welcomed by re ublroans. The race question is being settled by the colored man himself, as it should be. So long as the negro voter considered himself a republican chattel, the draw ing of the color line in the south was in evitable. If, at the coming election, colored men north as well as south, will divide their votes they will do very much to advance the welfare of their race. There is every indication that they intend to do so. In the northern states, at least, we believe Cleveland will get the major itp of the colored votes. COnGRF.Ss has adjourned. There is very little to be said of its work, for it has enacted little legislation. This is not a serious fault, for the country has too many laws now. There are a few measures that should have been acted upon which failed in one house or the other, but the great mass of bills were unnecessary and it is just as well that they are dead. With the senate and house controlled by opposite political parties, it is not possible to accomplish much that the country wants. If the democrats carry the elections this year, by as large majorities as now seem prob able, they will gain control of both houses, and with the president working in harmony with them they can give the country needed laws. It will be a good thing for the democrats if they have a smaller membership in the next house of representatives. The 1890 land-slide brought in a manjrity so large as to be unwieldy. SIXTY millions in gold have been sent Ifrom San Francisco to Washington be cause it is considered undesirable to keep such a large snm in a seaport town. The same objection holds good against keeping treasure in the mint at New Orleans. Nor should all the gold and silver in the country be storer] in eastern cities. There should be another mint in the country where the treasure is taken front the ground. Our present assay ohiice in Helena ought to be en largedl and made a min t. Orrf blue grass friends no doubt I greatly enjoy the presence among them of lion. Adlai E Stevenson, but it is an unnecessary waste of energy for him to j advocate ldomrcrracy inn Kentucky. If he hias time on Ils hands he could do a great deal of good by making three or four speeches in Montana. Why not invite him? MON'1I ANA'm (CAPITAL. An Eastern Montana View as to Where It Mi.,.ld lie I. ocated. Livingston Enterprise: The capital locs tion question, which promiase to be an in teresting and lively topic in connection with the coming campaign, has been brought prominently to the front the past week by the formal announoement that Butte is to enter the race for capitalistic honors. It was nut supposed that Butte. which for many reasons is unsuited to be come the seat of state government, would urge its claims, its most formidable advan tage being a large voting copulation. Es pecially had this opinion become prevalent from the fact that prominent politicians and newspapers of Butte have during the past 'ear been dallying with "Beautiful Bozeman," Deer Lodge and Anaconda, until each of those towns had become confident of at least a large portion of the vote of the "8moky City." Basing their claims to prominence unon this augmentation of an almost unanimous home vote either of these cities were justi fied in assuming that the coveted prize was within easy grasp. But with Butte in the field the fight seems to havenarrowed down to a contest between that city and Helena, leaving the other aspirants with little to rely upon except the comparatively insigl nilcant vote that can be secured through e local pride. This virtually places Park - oounty, along with other portions of the I, state where no claim is made for capital location, where they will be aliled upon to decide between the two most populous cities aunless it s desered to east its fortunes with Sa hopeless ease. We . tiee, too, that aside from natural advantages for the cap ital location the people of Park county are fully satisfied with their present prosperity as adjusted under existing conditions, and theretfoe will not desire to see the capital removed to some much nearer point a where the prestIRe resulting therefrom might create a city that would in a measure at least rob Livingston of its enviable position as the chief business and indus trial center of eastern Montana, It has been argued against Helena that her peo ple have selfishly worked to secure every thing for their own oilty regardless of other sections of the state. This objection, how. ever, is applieable to every progressive com munity in the west. It is the legitimate outgrowth of a patriotic desire to build up home enterprises-the evidence of confi dence in the stability and resources of our cities and towns that has been the incentive to outside capitaliste to join their fortunes with those of the people of Montana in developing and. buillding up one of the most prosperous commonwealths in the union. With all prejudice of this nature eliminated it only re mains for the people of Park county to consult their best interests in the selec tion of a site for the state capital, always considering the availability of such loca tion with reference to railroad communion lion, hotel accommodation and other con veniences. In this particular Helena seems pre-eminently fitted for the honor to be conferred at the coming election. And with the knowledge before them that the best interests of the state will be subserved by a permanent settlement of this vexed ques tion without the annoyance and expense of another contest we unhesitatingly advance the opinion that not only Park county, but the other aspirants for capital location. when they fully realize the hopelessness of their cause, will decide to cast their votes for Helena if for no other reason than to rebuke the double-dealing of Butte. THE CHURCHES. First Baptist churoh, Eighth avenue and Warren street-Preaching morning and evening by the pastor. Rev. C. B. Allen, Jr., Unitarian service. G. A. R. ball. Mr. Crooker 'will preach at 11 a. m. on "The Three-fold Piety." There will be no even .ag service. There will be a vacation until Sunday, Sept. 4. Services at the German Methodist church, corner Hoback street and Prospect avenue, at 11 a. m. and eight p. m. Sunday school at 10:30 a. nm. Everybody is cordially in vited. E. G. Uhi, pastor. St. Paul's M. E. church, Broadway Sunday school at 12:15 p. m. Eoworth league meeting at 7. p. m. There will be no preaching services on account of the ab sence of the pastor at conference. Services to-day at Ball's gallery, on Helena avenue, at 11 a. m. and 8 p, no. The evening service will be the last held by Rer. Marshall until his return from Wyom ng. All cordially invited to each service. First Presbyterian, Eleventh avenue and Ewing street-The usual services atll a. m. and 8 p. m. Preaching by the pas tor. Rev. T. V. Moore. Sunday school at 2 50 p. m. Young people's prayer meeting at 7:15 p. m. Cathedral of the Sacred Heart-Arch bishop Riordan, of San Francisco, will preach at high mass this morning. Bishop Scanlan, of Salt Lake, will give the instruc tion at the eight o'clock mass, and Rev. Father Sasia. S. J., will deliver the sermon and vespers. Congregational. Soroce street and Benton avenue-Preaching by the pastor. Rev. F. D. Kelser, Sc. D. Themes: "Dormant Power" and "Our Rejoicings." Bible class I taohthv tha nrtnrt Snnno e.hnnl im jnmediately at the close of the morning serv ice. A cordial welcome extended to all. Fine harness, robes, dusters, and whips, work harness, etc., sold by T. C. Power & Co. at bot tom prices. Greas cut in chenille cultlins this weekat Feowles' cash store. "THE HAYMAKERS." A Pretty Operetta that Will Be Presented at St. Aloystus Hall. Amusement lovers and all who enjoy good music will have a treat offered them at St. Aloysius hall on the 13th and 15th of this month. The Helena Catholic Literary society have had a very pretty comic opera, entitled "'I he Haymakers," in preparation since last spring, and will place it on the stagse at bt. Aloysiue hall on the above dates. The music is very pleasing through out, and anumberof "catchy" solos, duets, trios and qua tettes are introduced. The chorus work of the comtany is very good. and taken as a whole "The Haymakers" will no doubt make up the most pleasing entertainment yet given by amateurs in Helena. Tickets are now on senle at Poe & O'Connor's and may be had of the mem bereof the literary society. Price of tick ets only 50 cents. Don't forget the dates and secure your seats early, as the number of tickets is limited to the seating capacity of the hall. Cuban I loseom cilar's $1.50 per box, eight for 25 cents, at Win. ]einstein & t o. New yarns at Fowles' cash store. Point and Honiton lace braid and thread, also patterns for !ace has dlkerchliefs. collara and cuffs at Butcher & Bradley's 15 Broadrway. Knights Templar Excursion. The Union Pacific system is making ex tensive preparations to carry excursionists from Montana to Denver, on account of the meeting of the Triennial Conclave. Knights Templar, at Denver, Aug. 9. The rates will be so very low that none should fail to take advantane of this opportunity to see the Queen City of the west and surr ounding country. All railroads in Colorado will make excursion rates from Denver to all joints if interest in Colorado, including Pike's Peak, during the months of August and September. 'tickets will be on sale from Helena, Aug. 4 to Aug. 8, inclusive, good for return until Sept. 10; $35.85 for the round t ip. E. L. LJoSAx, H. O. WILSON, G. P. & T. A., F. S& P. A., Omaha, Neb. Helena. Mont. Forwlrhr' aslh tore carries the largest line o,f isfaute' gooes in tihe city. Big line of ladires' and children's hosiery to arrise tl a week, at spocial sale prices at Tt,. litr livec. Knight Temlplar ITrulti to I)lnver. The Union 'Pacificsystemn announce a solid vestibule train, made up of Pullman sleep ers and diner, to run special, leaving Butte at seven p. or., August i. 'This train will be conveniently located in Denver to that passengers may arrange to reserve and have the use of sleepers from the time they leave Butte until their return to Montana, at very low rates. Those desiring sleeper reservations should apply early in order to secure choice berths. See further particu late contained in advertisement in this paper. 'Tickets on sale at No. I'8 No. th Main street, Helena, Mont. ii. O. WitisoN. F. & P. A. 'rhe Beie livA will close out their entire stack of larpi, at two-thirdsn value. A rrdtrrrtit o,f ts: .ý; per cent will he given on vcrryla a in the house, as we are delerdlned tIo drug, the line. Sixty ce.t enrbrolleried chifon raeluoteI to i45 at L.uowles' cash storr. Auetion Sale of Her and Fruit Privrlleges The bar and fruit privileges at the fair grounds for the coming fair will be sold at public auction to the highest bidder for cash in front of Pope &. O'Connor's drug store, Saturday evening at eight o'clock, Aug. 6. F'ANCias POg, beO'y. MIN'S OPERA HOVE. Two. Nhao I ead Godli ant Tuesday and Wednildiqy AuI, 9 ~ The Intathbles Comediaa, Mr. 2arne Fergus o , THE FERGUSON AND MACK COMPANY Dlreoted by Co. E. Rice Presenting the Greatest of allM Mrth Provokers, McCarthy's:Mishaps A Play that Will Arouse Your llsibilties. Interpreted by Plaerse of Unusual Exoellen~oa MERRY COMEDIANS, PRETTY GIRLS AND SPECIALTIES. - SEE THE LAUGHING BENSATIONS!- THE BURLEtRQUE CIRCUS. (OU WILL LAUGHR! YOU WILL SCREAM!! Ieserved sale of seats on eale Monday morn ng, Aug. at Puope & O'uConnuor's drugat.ta. THE CITY OF GRAND FORKS Is located in the center of the Hard Wheat belt, and where, if not there, could you expect to get hard wheat in its purity. The FANCY PATENT FLOUR Is made from selected hard wheat by the North Dakota Milling Co., Grand Forks, N. D. Ask your Grocer for it. The Northwestern Mutua1 Policy No. 133,990. Policy No. 296,436. JAMES STEPHENSON, JAMES STEPHENSON, of Omaha, Neb. of Omaha, Neb. Issued I885. Issued I885. Age 48. $5,000. Age 48. $5,000. Ordinary Life. Premium $218.45 Ordinary life. Premium $215.65 Dividend history. Cash Additions Cash Additions offered. taken. offered. taken. i886............ $15 54 $34 oo 887............ $58 85 $122 00 17 54 38 00 1888............ 61 05 124 00 19 59 41 00 1889............ 64 37 128 00 21 64 44 00 1890............ 136 61* 265 00 28 10 51 oo 1891............ 72 39 137 00 30 35 59 00 1892............. 76 12 141 00 32 60 62 oo Total....... $917 oo $329 oo TOTAL ADDITION BY DIVIDENDS: If all had been in the Northwestern ...........$1,834 oo If all had been in the Equitable .............. 658 00 Difference in favor of Northwestern in 7 years $1,176 oo On the basis of $1o,ooo insurance. *Usual double dividend at end of fifth year. The Mutual Life Insurance Co, The Northwestern Mutual Life of New York, Insurance Co, advertises that Dr. Bumstead issued policy No. 16,301 in 1866, took out a policy in that con- at age 25, for $5,000 on the life pany in 1866, at age 25, for plan, and if no dividends had been $I,ooo, on the life plan and that drawn to pay premiums, it would if no dividends had been drawn in 1891 have $3,330 of dividend to pay premiums, it would in 1891 additions to its credit. have $565 of dividend additions $666 for each $I,ooo insurance, to its credit. 'Iox more than in the Mutual Life "Match that who can!" And 1 8 Per Cent Better. W. E. Phillips, General 77JC'TION STLE I OF dry Goods, Fancy Goods, Notions, Clothing, FURNISHING GOODS, SHOES, HATS, ETC. N. BARNETT'S, 18 S. MAIN STREET. ENTIRE STOCK WILL BE SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE UNTIL DISPOSED OF. Sale of Dry goods, Etc., Daily at 2 p. m. Sale of Glothing, Etc., Daily at 7 p. m. GEO. BOOIKER, Auctioneer. Montana Sapphires A Carat, (finis.ed weight) our patent Diamond out. $2 0 A Carat, (finished weight) ordinary Sapphire out. ). DeSola Iends & Co. 81-bS Maiden Lane, NT'BJW - Y"ORE.=, =A'^" ,llnDOWApv41lar lA. s Montana Sapphires I ard Souvenir Spoo C., B. JACOUEMIN & CO., Jewelers and, Silversniit Dealerx inr Digmonds, Watohes, CQoo Jewelry and Silverwara Fancy Artiol Umbrellas, Canes, eto. PIANOS, Of the Best Makes Only JEWELRY MADE TO ORDER. unalrravln Wateh M.paslran. * Goel Work Oi Immm mmmm m m m CARL GAIL, Presideont E. BUMITLER, V.-Pr. and T A. UNz:cKER, M M UNZICKER, Gen. Manager an4 secretary. Western Representatlv CHICAGO .IRON WORKS, B'CTILDE , S OF+:=:.=' = Deneral Mining and Milling Machiner Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills, Smelting, Concentrating, Leaching, Chlorinating, Hoist. ing and Pumping Plants of any capacity. Tramway% Corliss Engines, Compound Engines, Boilers, Cars, Cages, Skips, Ore and Water Buckets, Wheels and Axles and all kinds of Mine Supplies. Western Office, General Office and Worksi No. 4 Lower Main St.. Clybourn Av. and Willow S Helena, Mont. Chicago, Ill. Challenges All Competitors. WHOLE LIFE DIVIDENDS On $ 10,000 Insurance. In 1882, Mr. S. W. Sessions, of Lamson & Sessions Co. Cleveland, 0., and Mr. William H. Emerson, of Chicago, Ill., in sured their lives on the ordinary life plan, at age 55, but in differen companies, and with different results, as follows: Company Northwestern. New York Life. Policy No. 113,964 Amount $I0,ooo* $10,000 Premium $600.40 $599.10 Cash dividends: 1883 ................... $62 52 1884.................. $162 oo 67 72 1885.................... 168 20 72 32 i886................... 178 50 76 92 1887................... 166 30j- 81 52 1888................... 187 70 86 12 1889................... 194 20 76 72 1890................... 200 90 80 22 1891.................. 207 6o 83 72 Difference in premiums........... 13 00 Total................ $,665 40 $700 78 Dividends received from the Northwestern 138 per cent more than from the New York Life. *Raised from $5,ooo for comparison. J-Double dividend. Northwestern Mutual Life. Mutual Benefit Life, Policy No. 87,426. Policy No. 85,117. HENRY S. OWEN, HENRY S. OWEN, of Kansas City, Mo. of Kansas City, Mo. Dated March 14, 1876. Age 21. Dated March 14, 1876. Age 21. Plan-Ten payment Life. Plan-Ten payment life. Amount $2,500. Premium $97.Io Amount $2,500. Premium 105.93 Total premiums paid..$97; oo Total premiums paid..$1,o59 30 Dividends,includingl892 305 oo Dividends,including1892 256 go Premiums less divi- Premiums less divi dends to date...... $666 0oo dends to date...... $802 4o Difference in favor of the NORTHWESTERN, $136.40. Agent, Helena, Mont.