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ON AUGUST 2ATH, 430, St. Augustine, usually styled "The greatest of all the Fathers," died at Hippo, North Africa. The Augustinian Friars took heir name from him, and his ritings, which are still pre-. rved, prove him to have been he greatest rhetorician of his ime. Vandals beseiged Hippo, nd Augustine, then a man of 6, prayed for death ere the ity fell. He died before its pture. We Do as We Advertise. 5E INTEND During this fall season to display an attractive and popular line of novelties and staplesin the differ. ent departments man aged by us. Tailor-Made Clothing Fits, looks and wears as well as goods made by the majority of mer chant tailors now-a-days that cost twice as much. -- OUR- Children's Department Will receive the special attention which has been devoted to it in the past and which proved a GRATIFYING SUCCESS. We will endeavor to maintain our usual HIGH STANDARD in our line of Furnishings, Hats, Canes, Trunks, Umbrellas, Valises. Our selection of Full Dress Suits And FULL DRESS OUT FITTINGS is unequalled. Elevator to Five Floors. GANS & 5I-LEIN LIES iOS1 I. Torrible Fatality Attenadln the Frightfil Explosion at Park Slip Pit, Walesl Imprison*d Men Hear the Roar of Flanoee ran Feel Their Apkproaoh, The List of Viotms Wll ram Over a leadred-Work of Volnteer 4 Reasutan Pares. Lotnow, Aug. 87.-All night long volan teer parties have kept up work at Park Blip pit, the sesne of the disastrou' explosion in Walee yerterday. At six o'clock this morn Ing they had penetrated 900 yards into the main shaft. In all this distpnpe not a sign of life was discovered. Here nd'there was the body of a miner, but the attitude in variably showed that death had eomes snd denly. sme eof the mea had died in the very act of using their picks. Tea bodies were renovered of men who didn't have a seeond's warning of their fate. The bodies of two men were discovered however, who had apparently made a frantic attempt to escape. Later dispatches reeived at noon say that while a hand of reouner were working in the pit a sound was heard which easned the men suddenly to suspend. Soon a repetition was heard, low and weak, but indicating life beyond the great wall of rook and debris. The work of reouse is now being pressd with herculesan energy. At 1:80 this afterneon the drift was finally penetrated and thirty-nine imprisoned miners rescued. The seene when they reached the surface was indescribable. Wives, sweethearts, sisters, brothers, and mn some cases fathers and mothers, were in waiting, frantic to me if their loved ones were among the saved. The work of olear ing the galleries is still being pushed in the hope of saving others. One of the ris ened miners aid: "A crowd of us got together in the level. After the explosion we could hear flames rearing through the mine. After a time we tried to get out but were driven back by the sulphur flames. Three men sought to rush through, but lost their lives, dying where they fell, as it wee impossible for us to save them." Late this afternoon another rescuing party saved eight L.are imprisoned mioers. Volunteer resouers state they have signalled another party of imprisoned men, who, by striking on the wall, 'sgnalled that there were fourteen more of them waiting to be dug out. GOOD TRAIN SERVICE. That Which Goes Into Effect on the North era Pacific Td-day. The new schedule governing pa.nger trains in and out of Helena that goes into .enet to-day is the best all around that the basineso men of this city have ever had. One of the traneeontinental .itrne,:the one going via Butte, will be taken off, but that going via Helena is eoatinued, the arriving time from the east being 1:80 p. in., and the time of leaving 1:4 p. m. The through train from the west will arrive at 12:40 p.m. and leave at one p. m. But the best news to Helena people is the new schedule gov erning local trains. A new train has been put on that leaves Helena at 7:80 a m. daily, running through without chance to Wallace, Idaho, arriving there about six p in. '1 hi train will make close connee on at Garrison for Butte. Anseenda, Deer Ledge, at Drumnmond for Philipsburg and at Missoula for points on the Bitter Boot branch. It leaves Wallace every day at 6:80 a. m. and arrives in Helena at 6:45 p. m. This is just the train and the sort of eon nections Helena people have tried so long to get, and now they are satisfied. All trains, both east and west, will make close connection at Garrison for Butte and Ana conda. Trains on the Maryaville, Boulder and Bimini branuhes will ran as heretofore. EAST FOR NEW GOODS. A Helena Firn That Buys Direct From the Manufacturer. W. M. Frank, of the firm of Clarke & Frank, shoe dealers, leaves to-day for Boe ton where he goes to purchase fall goods for Montana Shoe company. Mr. Frank will' visit the New England shoe factories per sonally and make his selections for the Montana trade from the best there is in the Eastern markets, both in quality and work manship. Another advantage in buying from the factories direct is that the best prices are obtained and customers of the company will profit by this also. That push and enterprise backed by square dealing will succeed in Helena there is no better illustration than is offered by the Montana Shoe company. The mem aers of the Aira are wide awake and thpr oughly under tmnd their bLuidese, know what to buy and wlere to bay it. That the public appreciates their 1tforte is shown in the way the business hall grown from a small beginning to one of the largest and best equipped shoe establishments in the stats. Not only has the retail business Rrown, but the wholesale hes kept pace with it. LEADS TIHEM ALL eam Hers Away Ahead of Any Dealers in HIs Line, Anticipating his usual heavy fall and winter trade Sam Horz, of the Motor wait ing rooms on Sixth avenue, has made ar rangements for a select line of oysters, which will soon be in season again. He looks ahead tb eater to the wants of hls patrons, which is one of the reasons why he does such a larRge business and leads all dealers in his line. The cool weather yes terday did not show any perceptible de orease in the ie aream and soda water de mand. Sam thinks there will be warm weather in September and that these two palate refreshers will be in season for some time yet. His latest fruit shipment is go ing off very fast. iMetropolitan Opera Heuis Burned. NEw YaORK, Aug. 27.--Trhe Matropolitan opera houre eanght .Are this mornales. The opera hesell will be a total lose. One man, a soeone painter, named Cornelius Horan, was badly hurt and semoved to the hos pital where he afterwards died. The front part of the opera house was saved, buat the stage and auditorium were destroyed. lhe lose is estimated ut 800,00_0, Lashes' Auniliary oelety. The Ladles' Auliary slooiety f Temple Emian-El will mest at the residnce of Mrs B. Loeb, 818 Fifth aveaus, to-aorrow. A oordial invitation isaesteadedto all. iiah Reserve maw Yoax, Aua. 27.-The weekly hank statement shows a rserve doorease of p$.491.000. The banks now hold U,868,000 la ecuen of legal requirpeats.. SBPRU 4D 0' THE C1l0 8 0Agi; I " le UpIde ltia. (copyrishla Neow Tork Amooled Duanuc. Aug. 97.-Deiegates from el1 states held a conference to-day o0 +,. subje0t ofholera. The president of polie reported that not a stagle eM$ Asiati oabolevs bad yet bln eegtldie4 t.is Baehe. Statements from Prot. Kook eid Counsellor labtls, together WI~k the general report sovering the wb health condition of Germany are res m, althugh Koak thinks the worst p-- of the epidemic is Hamburg emd Al6.~ has not ~t ped. The ires ie ourred Hmbaurg, Au, ý Altona A1. 10. The is ofoic le making arrangements publis 1 daily health record of Berlin and centers. Consul General Edwards taken the neseaary steps to keep the sea department at Washington infor of the situation throughout Germs.t Serupulose' care is now taken at By and Hamburg, inspection extending emigrants alone, but to the crews of and passengers. . To-night's advices leave every poalot, place in Germany free from Asiatic oho except Hamburg. There the disease spread over, the whole city and to' suburbs. The exodus of wealthier burg families is now proceedlng, a large scale, though the leading thor fares pyent ordinary aspeet, hpop ere d~lar that bsilness is stagant.a public depreston wants but little 4be. come an absolate panic. While many have fled others are doing much to relieve the stricken or menaced. THEe CANADIAN BORDER. To Prevent the lnvasion of Qholera reem the Dominion. WAsnmorox, Aug. 27.-The treanury It-, partment is acting promptly on all matters having a bearing on ,the cholera epidemie. and nothing will be left undone that may tend td keep the infection from the shorei of this country. To all intents and purt poses there now exists a national qnarau tine, the co-operation of national and state authorities in the matter resulting in 1the fprmation of a cordon whibh will make it extremely dihioult for a ease of cholera to reach the shorn of the United Sateegs Surgeon General Wyman, of the marine hospital servie is now considering a pro position to continue the disinfection of baggage during the winter. This, it is thought, will prevent the importation of cholera germs after the present alarm over the matter has subsided. The old revenue cutter Ewing will be taken to Chesapeake bay, anchored off shore, and fitted up for a hospital, so if any ohot era patients are found aboard incomfing ships they will not have to be landed, but can be kept entirely isolated. It is evident people living along the Cana dian border are apprehensive that the dis ease may enter the United States by that route, as two telegrams were received by the treasury department to-day, one from Troy, N. Y., and the other from Minnesota, regarding precautions taken. Acting Se retary Spaulding replied that the provisions of the department regarding the disinfec tion of baggage will be immediately en forced along the Canadian border ander direction of the surgeon general of the ma. rine hospital service, who has taken. steps for the appointment of medical inspectors at all points where emigrants cross the border. sure to Come to Aaiarl6e. NEw OusIraN , Aug. 27.-Joseph Hot, one of the moat distinguished sanitary soientists in the United States, in an interview' re garding cholera said: "When I consider the extent of exposed or very imperfectly protected line of the Atlantic seaboard, including the St. Lawrence, the situation appears to me to be one of extreme gravity. Iwill regard it as only little short of a miraole if the eholera falls to follow its old and accustomed line of travel, involving an Invasion of tais continent, If we escape at all it will only be through an awakening to the perilous situation and by extraordin ary eforts for the immediate enforeement of rational and scientific methods of defense as embraced in our own quarantine system." BEZIRK TURNEEST. The Sixth Annual State Convention Now in Progress. Delegations from different towns in the in the state representing the various Tur ner societies arrived in Helena yesterday to attend the sixth annual convention. At Turner hall last night the visitors were welcomed by the turners of Helena at a social session. A formal reception is to be held at 10 a. m. to-day, when an address of welcome will be made by H. Tone, presi dent of the Helena Turn Verein, and after the reception the delegates will be the guests of the ladies at a dinner. During the afternoon the contests for prizes in the gymnastic tournament will take place at Kranioh's grove. Proceeding this there will a parade throuhh the orincipal streets of the city. The exercises for the day will conclude at the grove with a concert, ad dress by Judge C. W. Fleischer and a dis play of fireworks. At Turner hall to-morrow the annual businees meeting of the societies will begin at 9:30 a. m. At 2 p. m. the prize swim ing contest will take place at the Broad water natatorium. The awarding of prizes will be made in the evening to be fellowed by a ball. SD. Y. Ramsey Killed. ToeroN, Aug. 27.-[Special.]-D. Y. Ram say, an old timer in this vicinity, while driving aeross the railroad about a mile east of this place was killed by a light engine. Of theteam consisting of a mule and a mare, the marewas killed, while the mule remained untouched. tamsoy was well known, having been in the contry for the past twenty-five years. Burned a Newspaper. AuousTA, Ga., Aug. 27.-A destruetive fire which broke out here early this mornina totally destroyed the Aaugusta Chronicle officoe and five business houses. Total loss. $P400,000. The entire morning edition of the Chronicle was worked off while the bailding was in flames. Files of the papor from 1800 to date and thebooks were saved. Insurance about $800,000. A Cruel Canard. RWosRTERn, N. Y., Aug. L27.--The Union has a bulletin from Hirem W. Bibley say ing he is sfe. The telegiam says the whole story of the wreck of the Wapiti is a canard. The entire party is safe and will join the yacht Monday. It is understood the report of the loss was malloiously oirea lated by the cook, who had been diseharged. Daniel DeUoghoerty Dying. PFanrwlrni& Aug. 27.--Daulel Dough erty, the celebrated lawyer and orator, is lying In a very eritical condition at his home in this city. Theatteading physieian informed his son, D. Webster Dougherty to-day, that there is hardly a possibillly of his father's recovery. Turner FestiUval. Next Sunday, Aaug. l, at Kralioh's grove, athletia prixe eampetition at two p. m. Grand Areworks and ball In the evening. Cars to ren till two a m. Free 'bus con neest with lower line. Grand ball at Turn er hall Monday evening, Aug. Si WON BY A SICK COLT, But Morello Was Game and Took the Rioh Futurity in the Mud. The Great Stake for Youngsters Worth $78,000 or More This Year. ifssotla's New Base Hall Team Takes a Game-Ratl Interferee With the HelemnaBatte Genie. 'asPannAD BAr, Aug. 27.-The great futurity has been won by horse that, under ordinary conditions, would not have been permitted to leave his stable, and Morello's owners io-night are richer by $75,000 brough the gameness of their animal. lDiegreeable weather put .the attendance ;down, to 10,000. The track was heavy. Wbile the winner stood at the before the race saliva fell from hi nostrils profusely and people thotght Trainer VanNess muse be crazy to send the colt to post in such condition. Morela was suffering from a severe attack of influenza. After is ten minute wait a good start was seared. Lovelace was first pn the rail. He was out-speeded in the opening sixteenth by Belladonna colt. At the bend into home stretch proper Morello was seen to be breaking from the bunch. At the half howasat Belladonna eolt's neck ,'nd Hamilton began to whip the colt in a desperate fforte to retain the first place earing the last furlong Hayward's whip ent up in the air and eame down with loious severity on Morello's side, From fow to the finish Morello easily outstripped her opponeatq and easing up, in the last dozen strdes, came in two lengths ahead, j 1:12 1-5, good time considering the heavy track. Lady Violet straggled in seeond, bbatingl Belladonna colt next for third place. Billy Hayward, who rode Morello. receives 1,000. Five and one-half furlongs - Potomac won, Gold Dollar secoond, Tormenter third. Tlme,'1:08 8-. Five furlongs-Minnehaha won, Lady Belmtint second, Prooida third. Time, 1:08 8-. Average stakes, mile and three-six teemths-Tea Tray won, Bleckon second, Kingston third. Time, 2:08 4-5. aFuturity,worth about $75,000, futurity r.ste-Morello won. Lady Violet second, Blladenna colt third. 'lime. 1:12 1-6. Doluhin stakes, mile and one furlong Leonawell won, Anna B. second, Enter third. Time, 1:57. Green stakes, mile on the turf-Trestle won. Gloaming second, Fred Taral third. Time, 1:44 1-5. Seven furlongs-Kirkover won, Temple second, Cynosure third. Time. 1:29. GREAT FALLS *ACES. vy Reina nterfer84e With the isel Day's Events-Two Trots. GnEzT FAr.s, Aug. 27.--.Special.-The heavy rain last night and this morning put an and to all hopes of any good racing to day. It cleared up about noon, but began raining again shortly after and rained hard at in tervals all afternoon. All attempt to carry out the programme was abandoned, but being the last day of the meeting the unfinished trot and the trot for three-year olds could not be postponed, and were trotted in the mud and rain. Following is a summary of to-day's races. Unfinished special trot, named horses, final heats: Freedom ....... ...................... 1 1 Commodore............................... 2 2 2 Benteer ...... ........................ 3 8 3 Charlie B........... .......... . i tde Time, 3:04%s, 8:00, 2:57. Mutuals paid $7.60. $9.80, (8.45 Trotting, for three-year-lde. Adelaide MeGregor distanced Magenta. Time, 2:49. The race between Bay Tom, one-quarter of a mile, and Alex Gott, ene-eighth of a mile, was won by the horse. Latonia Fall Meeting. CINCINNATI, Aug. 27.-The first day of the fall meeting of the Latonia Jockey club opened with beautiful weather. Attend ance, 4,000, track lumpy and a trifle slow. Mile-Protection won, Selina second, Harry Ray third. Time, 1:454. Six furlongs-Clinty C won, Hlippon sec ond, Elsie 8 third. Time, 1:15%. Mile and one sixteenth-Philora won, Maud Howard second, Rose Ray third. Time, 1:51g. Merchants stakes, mile-King Lee won, Ida Pickwick second, Chief Justice third. Time, 1:42g. Five furlongs-Mildred won. Shadow ses ond, Verdant third. Time, 1:0388. Six furlongs-Monte-Viso won, White nose second, General Miles third. Time, 1:17g. Trotting at lndependence. INDEPENDENCE, Is.. Aug. 27.--The sondi tioas good, 2:30 trot-Ellard won, BeRand Rollf second, others distaneed. Best time. 2:19f. 2:P6 trot-J udd's BHaby took three straight, Lee Russell second, Frank Quirk third, Baron Browne fourth. Beat time, 2:10. 2:10 trot-St. Vincent won, Steve Whipole sesond, Urs Vvilkes third, Clara fourth. Best time. 2:18'. 2:24 trot-Jack Jewett won. Lena second. Willets third, Well Ahead fourth. Best time, 2:17. 8aratoga Races. SInmTook Aun. 27.-Five and one-hali furlongs-Elk Knight won, Marguerite see oend, Minon Colt third. Time. 1:12t., Jix fullongs-Toano won, Lizetta seoond, Lord Harris third. Time, 1:175'. Mile and one-sixteenth-Bhltzen won, Badge second, Gambler third. Time, 1:52. Kenner stakes, mile and three-quarters Ronald won, Salonioa second, Rio Grands third. Time, 8:21'. Six furlongs--Lavish won, Cottonade see and., Tactician third. Time, 1:19. MISSOULA'S NEW TBAM,. Jump on the NIae From Phillltpsburg t Lively Manner. MIssour&,. Aug. 2-7.-[lSigned.]--The Mis soula and P'hillipaburg base ball teams played at Higgins' park to-day. The weathr wasr uncomfortably cold and the erewd small. Owing to the sucOession of defeete the Missoula clu, has received the enthausiasm had somewhat weakened among Missoula cranks. The new team, however, have shown themselves bail sulayers every one, and the way they started in esned to rattle the Philipeburg tneam. Judging from to-day's playinlg Patton and Launarppear to be the heavy batters and Goodeoungh the best base runner. Bat thre.hite were made from Grifmth's piteh. ing. ~ke Miesoula team as now enetracted is probably the stre es in the state and givee Mieoula still a: show to wina the pen nsat. Miouala ..............1 000 8 1 10 11 Whblipesbr............. 0 0 0 0 02011-- 4 Three-base bits-Patton; pased balls Cody 2, Wiekizer 2; wild piteohe-BHll 1, Grimth 1, bseas on balls--Griffth 9, Hill 8: bit by pitched ball-Grifmth 1; struck out Griith 11, Hill . No Game at Butte. vtrr,. Aug. 27.--Lpecsl.]--Owing to rain Helena and Butte did not play ball to day. Two games will be paid to-morrow. WOW THEY STAND. Record of the Clubs In the Montana state Bamse iall League, Played. Won. Lost.Per Cent. Butte ................10 6 00 Helenas.................It 6 t 516 Philipsburg ............10 5 5 500 Misoula ..............11 .5 1 00 OTHER GAMES. Scores Made in Yesterday's Gfames by the League Clubs. CnrrNxxtAr Aug. 27.-The Reds won out in the ninth in the best game of the year hear. Cincinnati 6, hits 9. errors 4; Balti more 5, hits 15, errors 4. Batteries. Boulh van and Vaughn, Cobb and Gunson. AlOUSVILLE, Aug. 27.-Viau's first day with Boston made their work easy. Louis ville 1, hits 6, errors 4; Boston 8, hits 6, er rores . Batteries, Stratton and Merritt, Visa and Kelly. PITTrsaao, Aug. 27.-Connor's home run in the ninth won. Pittsburg 5, hits 10, er rors 0; Philadelphia 6, hits 9, errors 5. Bat teries, Ehret and Miller; Carsey and Keefs. Dowse. Ccuatoo, Aug. 27.-The senators' forte was errors. Hutehinson pitehed splendidly and fielded still better. Washington 1, hits 2, errors 4; Chicago 5, hits 5. errors 1. Bat teries, Meekin and Berger, McGuire; Hutchinson and Kittridge. ST. Louis. Aug. 27. - Gleseon strong, Rusie extremely weak. Bt. Louis 5, hits 6. errors 1; New York 1, hits 2, errors 3. Bat teries, Gleason and Briggs, Rasie and Ewing. CLEVELAND, Aug. 27.-Cleveland knocked Haddock out in the second and had it easy. Cleveland 8, hits 12, errors 3; Brooklyn 6. hits 9, errors 1. Batteries, Clarkson and Zimmer; Foutz and Haddock, Kinslow. Weooster street Fire. Nrw Youx, Aug. 27.-A disastrous fire, carrying death with it, broke out in a large five-story building, 120, 122, 124 and 126 Wooster street, to-day, and extended through to the side street. The flames started about 10 o'clock and spread with such rapidity that soon the entire building was ablaze. The building was occupied by the United States Frame and Pieture com. pany; Belt, Butler & Co., wools and furs; Bloomstook, hats and caps; W. J. Kelly, publisher, and R. H. Wagner & Co., paper box manufacturers. One person was killed and five others se verely injured and it is feared a search of the ruins will add to the death roll. The killed and severely wounded, so far as known, are: Mary Ellen Hanley, so.badly burned that she died shortly after; Morris, internally injured and will probably die; W. D. Sperry, badly injured; Mary Guin niso. burned about the head; Jacob Lewes aer, head badly injured by a falling wall. A young man at work in the building was reswued with dilanity. Tb Lant*ee of the fire is not known. The damage, as near as can be estimated, is $250,000 on the build in., $150,000 on contents. The heaviest losses are Belt, Butler & Co., wool and fur merchants. Uniformed Bank Breaks Camp. KANSAS CITY. Aug. 27.-The uniform rank Knights of Pythias broke camp to-day, and just before the final dispersing the divisions that competed for the prizes were drawn up on the parade ground and the judges an nonnoed their decisions and Gen. Carnehan distributed the prizes. First prize. $1,200, went to Galaxy division No. 88, Pittsburg, Ken., Capt. R. E. Van Winkle; second prize, $1,000, to Erie division No. 16, Erie, Kan., Capt. C. C. Fletcher. Numerous other prizes were also awarded, after which the divisions remained in line until retreat was sounded and the flag at headquarters run down, signifying the conclusion of the seventeenth biennial encampment. The Trestle Collapsed. MINNEAPOLIs, Aug. 27.-A Tribune special from Barrett, Minn., on the Soo road, gives details of a railroad accident by which four persons were killed and a score or more in jured. T'he trestle of a bridge which the train was crossing collapsed, carrying down two coaches, the engine and one car escap ing. The killed are Gus Burquist. of Hoff man, Minn.; Jas. L. Lannis, of Cyprus, Minn.; Edward minith, of Dunbar, Wis.; Michael Crookitt, of Ironwood, Mich. The cause of the accident is not known, as the bridge was inspected yesterday and pro. nounced safe. Beoeman'a New Bank. BozzcAN, Aug. 27.-[Speelal.]--A new bank with nti authorized capital of $50,000, $80,000 paid np, is to be established in Bozeman and ready for business Oct. 1. The stockholders of the new enterprise are Geo. L. Ramses, Geo. Cox, H. Broox Martin, and Joseph Kountz, all residents of Boze man and well known citizens. The institu tion will go under the name of the name of the CommercialExohange bank, and suit able quarters will be secured for carrying on the business. .JOTTINGS ABOUT TOWN. There will be a regular meeting of Vera Rebekah lodge No. 12, Monday evening. A marriage license was issued yesterday to P. M. Anderson and Celia Peterson. both of Helena. F. P. Tilt has sold to Katie V. Calvert, lota 14, 15 and 16, block 10, Pkhoenix Avenue addition. for $875. William Kiselpaugh heas appro.priated a a water right of r00 inches to the wattre of Prickly Fear creek for irrigation purposes. Fred Manuel has purchased at eheril', sale the Josephine mine. located in the Red Mountain district, paying therefore $22,000. Work in the orfice of the state board of equalization is being delayed by COboteau county, All the other counties have sent in their assessment reports. One hundred eases of opium, seized on a train at Sweet Grass, will be sold by the United States marshal at the court house door Oct. 8. The opium, which is prepared for smoking, was found under a carload of Galt coal. Nobody claimed it. The Water and Electric Lighlt company of Miles City tiled its artieles of incorpora tion with the secreta v of state yesterday. The scapital stbok is $50.000; incorporators, E. RI. Gilman, Berthrld Ullman, W. F. Behmalse, 11. F. Ulathelor, William Courtney. A deecsion of the general land otffice re coived yesterday, sustained the decision of the Helena otlice in cancelling the home stead entry of By on 1.. Porter to 160 soacres in section 8. township 11 north, ratnge 3 west, on the ground of abandonment. The contest was institurted by 'Theodo:re A. Mayer. Dr. Swallow has been appointed a mem ber of the advisory council of the World's songress anuxillary of the World's Colum blesa exposition on geology. Theb World's conagress of geologists will meet in Chicago in July, 18t3. Dr. Swallow is one of the original members of this society of the world' Igeologists. GRAND OPENING RALLY, Il Central Illinois Turns Out to Greet Gen. Adlal Ewing Stevenson. Bloomington in Gala Attire In Honor of Her Distinguished Citizen. City Filled With Thousands of Ezeurslea Ists From Far and Near--Mr. Steven son's Mtaalflcent Speech. BLooxwoOmxo, Ill., Aug. 27.-[Speeial.1 The democratio state eampaign opened here to-day. The home of Hion. Adlai H, tev-r enson, democratic candidate for the vice presidency, was in gala attire, democrats and republicans alike decorating lavishly in honor of their distinguished neighbor and fellow citizen. Ek aulsion trains were run from Peoria, Springfield, Lineoln. De oatur, Urbana, Joliet and all other towns in central Illinois and the thouseands of vis Itor eroewded the capacity of the city in the matter of entertainment. Business was practically suspended during the day and She sole matter in hand was the great rally. Bloomington is a densely republican city, the county seat of a more densely republio an county, but both have in other eam paigns contributed largely to the election of Mr. Stevenson to congress, and the spon taneous enthusiasm which greeted his every appearance to-day was a signal testimonial of the high regard entertained by him by the people of the community in which he has risen to eminence by years of the hard est work and most exemplary and honor able conduct in all his dealings. Mr. Stevenson. not without honor in all the states, is most honored by those who know him most intimately. Lion. James S. EwinG. esa. Stevenson's law partner, presided over the grand gath ering. Senator John M. Palmer, of Spring field, was the first speaker, and made a stirring address which was frequently in terrnpte¢ by applause. Hon. A. E. Steven son was the next speaker. His appearance was greeted with the wildest enthneiasm, the cheeringR ontinuing for several min utes with no lessening of intensity, and was frequently renewed. Mit. STEVENSON'S SPEOCW. The Tariff Is the Paramount Issue of the Campaign. In the pending struggle for political su premacy, grave public questions are at issue. Upon the correct determination of these questions through the peaceful meth ode prescribed by law, will depend the wel fare of the people. It is all important, then, that the determination at the polls be the result, not of prejudice nor of misrep esentatieo , but of . stip e.e.,M4tris enuion of the issues i volved The four years administration of President Cleve Iand was confesedly an honest admirtle tration. Those who predicted evil from Mr. Cleveland's election proved false prophets. The democratic administration ending March 4, 1889, has gone into history as an economical and able administration of the government. No scandals attached to any of its appointments toofBee. Under it the rights of all property, of all seetions, of all the people, were recognised and en forced. Under it the bonded debt of the government was paid at maturity; trust funds were not used to avoid a treasury de iolt; and the gold reserve wes hot menaced by threats of invasion to meet the current expenses of the government. Under that administration no additional burdens were laid upon the people. At the close of Pres ident Cleveland's administration the sur plus in the treasury exclusive of the gold reserve, was, in round numbers, $88,000,000. It wall be remembered that during the latter half of his administration the im portant question was, what shall be done with the surplus revenues. What is the condition that now confronts as at the end of three and a half years of republican administration? On the basis of revenues to the government, as estimated by the secretary of the treasury, for the present fiscal year, and of the liabilities of the government on account of the annual and permanent appropriations for the same period, there will be a deficit of $52,000,000. Upon the assumption that the law requir ing $48,000,000 for the sinking fund Wall be complied with, there is no esoaping the deficienoy I have mentioned. And this, too, notwithstanding the fact that the ad ministration made default in providing for the sinking fund to an amount exceeding eleven millions of dollars during the last fiscal year. The bankruptcy which now threatens the treasury is the result, first, of the enactment of the McKinley tariff law, and, secondly, of the lavish appropriations of the Fifty-first eongress. The secretary of the treasury was con strained by what he regarded as the ex igencies of the financial situation to extend the payment of $25,000.000 of government bonds mnat' ing Sept. 1 of last year. This act of a republican secretary of the treasury is in striking contrast with that of his dem oaratic predecessor, under whose wise and efficient administration the bonds of the government were paid at maturity. The appropriations of the last republiocan con gresa-which has gone into history as the "'Billliou-dollar" congrqss-.ar exceeded that of any of its democratio predeeesorse. The large appropriations of the first seesion of tie preseunt congress are in the main due to the reckless legislation of the Fifty-first eongress amposing the necessity of heavy appropriations noon its suocessore. In this conneetion it must not be forgotten that the republican senate of the Iresuent eon greos added more than $82,000,000 to the apuropriation bills as they originally passed the demooratio house of representatives. The tariff is the all-important issue of the campaign upon which we have now en tered. Shall there be a revision of oar tar iff laws, and as a consequence of shlegise lation a reduction of taxation; or, thall it beoome the polioy of our Roverument to maintain, permanently, high protection? The position of the two leading politieaI parties upon that question cannot hoe msla ndentrstood. The republican party, as il lustrated by its reooent enactment of the McKiuley law, stands for a high protective -in other words. a prohibitory tariff. The demooratio party, as emphasized by its ut terances and its aotls, is the advocaste of tariffreform. The issue is squarely pre sentedr. Upon the one side are the advo cates of a hleh protective or prohibitory polloy--a policy that enrich the few at the expense of the mauv. On the other the ad vocates of such reduction of tariff duties as will give to our manufacturers the bene tit of cheap raw maaterial, and lessen to tihe consumer the cost of thie uceesaries of ife. lIe compromise tariff law of 1838. of which Mr. Clay was the author, providrd that at the end of ten years there should begin a rapid reducotion of duties, until tire average rate should not exceed twenty per cent. Instead of being lessened, proteo tion has. year by year, under eiOblllical rule, ioreased. In ~proportioa as these in dustries have grown stronger and more powerfurl, they have demanded yet grester protetlon. The low tariffl law of 1846, of wblh Mob. ert J, Walker, the demoratie seesetary e