TE SPANISH PIONEER
BY CHARLES F. L AUMMIS.
WRITTEN ESPECIALLY FOR THE HELENA INDEPENDENT.
The young officer who made that an
paralleled Jump aeroes the chasm at
Aoomu, pushed back the bridge-log, and so
saed the lives of his comrades, and indi
reotly those of all the Spaniards in New
Mexico-was Capt.Gasper Perea de Viilagran.
He was highly ednoated, being a graduate
of a Spanish university; young, ambitions,
fearless and athletie; a hero among the
kerors of the new world, and a chronicler
to whom we are greatly indebted. The six
extant copies of the fat little parhment
bound book of his historical poem in thirty
four heroic cantos, are each worth many
times their weight in gold. It is a pity we
*culd not have had a Villagran for each of
the campaigns of the Spanish pioneers of
America, to tell as more of the details of
those superhuman dangers and hardships
for meet of the chroniclers of that day treat
such episodes as briefly as we would a trip
from New York to Boston.
The leaping of the chasm was not Capt.
Vilfagran's only connection with the bloody
days at Aeoma in the winter of 1598-99. He
came very near being a victim of the
frst massacre, in which Juan de Zaldivar
and his men perished, and escaped that
fate only to suffer hardships as dreadfunl as
In the fall of 1598 four soldiers deserted
from Onate's little army at San Gabriel,
and the governor sent Villagran with three
or four soldiers to arrest them. It is hard
to imagine what a sheriff nowadays would
may if called upon to follow four despera
does nearly a thousand miles across such a
desert and with a posse so smail. But
FELL INTO DE
FELL INTO A DEEP PITI
Capt. Villagran kept the trail of the desert
era. and after a march of some nine hun.
d'ed miles finally overtook them in south
ern Chihuahua. Mexico. They made a dee
perate resistance. Two were killed
by the officers, and two escaped. Villagran
left his little posse there and retraced his
dangerous 900 miles alone. Arriving at the
pueblo of Puaray, on the west bank of the
Rio Grande, opposite Bernalillo, he learned
that his commander Onate had marched
westward, bound for Moqui. Villagran at
once started alone to follow his country
men. The trail was easily followed, for the
Spaniards had the only horses within what
is now United States; but the lonely travel
er was beset with endless danger and hard
ship. He came in sight of Acoma just too
late to witness the massacre of Juan de
Zaldivar, and the fearful fall of the ivye
Spaniards. The survivors had already left
the fatal spot; and when the natives saw a
solitary Spaniard approaching they des
eended from their rock citadel to surround
and slay him. Villagran had no firearms
nothing but his sword, dagger and buckler.
Although he had no idea of the dreadful
events which had just occurred he became
suspicious of the manner in which the
Indians were hemming him in; and
though his horse was gaunt from its enor
mous journey, he spurred it to a gallant ef
fort and fought his way through the closing
circle. He kept up his flight well into the
night, making a long circuit to avoid com
ing too near the treacherous town, and at
last got down exhausted from his exhausted
horse and laid himself to rest upon the
bare earth. When he awoke it was snowing
hard and he was half covered with the cold,
white blanket. Remounting, he pushed on
in the darkness to got as far from Acoma as
possible are daylight should betray him.
Suddenly horse and rider fell into
a deep pit which the Indians
had dug for a trap and covered
with brush and earth. The fall killed the
poor horse, and Villagran was stunned and
badly hurt. At last he managed to scram
ble out of the pit, to the great joy of the
faithful dog, which sat whining and shiver
ing at the edge. The soldier-poet speaks
most touchingly of his dumb companion of
his long and perilous journey, and evidently
loved it with the earnestness which only a
brave man can give and a faithful dog
Starting again on foot, Villa.ran soon
lost this way in that trackless wilderness.
For four days and four nights he wandered
without a morsel of food or a drop of water
-for the snow had already disappeared.
Many a man has fasted longer under equal
hardships; but hanger is one thing. Only
those who have tasted the thirst of the arid
lands can form the remotest conception of
the meaning of ninety-six hours without
water. Two days of that thirst is often
fatal to strong men, and that Villagran en
dured four proves his wonderful vitality.
At last. fairly dying of thirst, be was re
dnued to the sad necessity of killing his dog
which he did with tears of manly remorse.
Calling the brute to him he despatched it
with his sword and ravenously drank the
warm blood. '1 his cave him strrngth to
stagger on a little fartler, and just as he
was sinking to the sand to die he spied a
little hollow in a large rock ahead. (rawl
ing feebly to it he found that a little snow
water remained in the cavity. About were
a few grains of corn, which seemed a god
send, and he devoured themr greedily. lie
had now given up all hope of overtaking
his commander, and decided to try to walk
that grim 200 miles back to ,an Gabriel.
But he was too far gone for the body
longer to obey the heroic soul, and would
have perished miserably there by the little
rook tank but for a strange chance.
As he lay there faint end helpless, he
suddenly heard voices. lie concluded that
the Indians had trailed him, and gave hun
self on for lost-for he was too weak now
to fight. But at last his ear caugnt the ac
cent of Spain; and though it was spoken by
hoarse, rough soldiers. you may be su.e It
was to him the sweetest sound in all the
world. It had chanced the night before
that some of the horses of Onate's camp
strayed away, and a small squad of sol
diers was sent out to catch them. In
trailing the runaways they came in
sight of Capt. Vallagran. Luckily they saw
him-for he was no longer able to run not
sell after them. Tenderly they lifted ap
the dying ofioer, and tenderly bore him
back to camp; and there, under the .entle
nursing of beoarded men, he slowly recov
ered strength, and became in time the dar
ing athlete of other days He acoompanied
Onate on that long desert march. A few
months later he was at the storming of
Aeoma, and performed that astounding
feat which ranks high among the individ
ual hereisms of the new world.
SAW THE OLD BOY.
Be Finally Assumed the Shape of a
"1 once saw the devil," was the startiling
announcement made by G. W. Byrne to the
Story Tellers' club, that was holding an Is.
prompts session in the rotunda of the Lin
dell, says the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
"At least I was as certain of it at the time
as I am now that I was mistaken. When
a boy of nine I slept in a room
several rods removed from the main
house. One day I was partienlarly
bad and the nurse expressed the opinion
that the devil would carry me away before
morning. She described him as an unpre
posseesing looking gentleman dressed in
black, with great fiery eyes and horns on
his head. 'that night I lay awake watch
ing for him. Presently I saw him. He
was standing by the door, and sure enough
he was dressed in black, had eyes like sau
cers and unmistakable horne. I dived down
under the bed olothing and shivered with
apprehension. I finally had to come up for
air, end he was waiting for me. I was too
frightened to cry, but I made a dash for the
window and went through it without wait
ing to raise the sash. I rushed into my
father's room in a hysterical condition and
get the shotgun. He asked what I was go
ing to do, and I replied that I was going to
kill the devil, and I did it, too. I rushed
up to the broken window, inserted the muz
zle of the gun, aimed as the big, staring
eyes and pulled both triggers. His satanic
majesty came off his perchb in one time and
two motions. What was it? A big horned
owl. sitting on a peg where hung the dress
coat of the hired man."
Good looks are more than skin deep. do
pending upon a healthy condition of all the
vital organs. If the liver be inactive, you
have a bilious look; if your stomach be dis
ordered you have a dyspeptic look,. and if
your kidneys be affeoted you havea pinched
look. Secure good bealth and you will
have good looks. Electric bitters is the
great alterative and tonic; acts directly on
these vital ergans. Cures pimples, blotches,
boils and gives a good complexion. Sold
at R. Ii. Hale & Co.'s drug store; e0o. per
If you want your job work done quickly
and neatly, patronize the Independent Job
Dr. E. C. West's Nerve and Brain Treatment, a
specific for liyrteria. Dizziness, Fit, Neuralgia,
Leadahe. Nervous Irostration caused by alcohol
or tobacco. Wakefulness. Mental Depression,
oftenin of Brain, causing insanity, misery, de
cay. death. Premit tire Old age, Barrennses. Lose
of Power in either sex, Impotency, Leucorrhhte
and all Female Weakneses. Involuntary Lossee
opermatorrhbra, caused by over-exertion of
brain, uelf-abnse. over-indo] gece. A month's
treatment fl. 6 for $5, by mail. We guarantee 6
oxens tr, cres. laIch order fiur 6 boxes with I$
will send written uuarantee to refund if not
eared. eioarantees isred only by H. Ml. iarthen
, CA. sole agentsa Ielen,. Masn.
O F1(' ? OF) TAR HFPLFYA ANDT BUTTI
Company ower ning ad operatitg the Jersey
lno min. nuart Ilts. Silver Bow county, Mon
iia). litenas Meon.. ept.l 3. 1981.
J.tic-. I hor iem deiiu.eut i.pen the follow
ing deoril.ed slock of the Heisna and Butte
eomeany on accoaut of iaessmeut levied on
the nd day of July, 1851. the several amounts
set Otppsite the name. of the respective ehars
holders as follows, to wit:
No. of Amount
IName. ('srtltrate. Sares. Delinquent.
Bryan Irvin ........ 1281 $ 18 75
E. W. Beattie ..... 1 59 177 72
A. A. tcDonald ... 10 19.134 17 111i
a. D. innaister.... 1 7.79, 2:2 '..l
R A. Wallace ...... 14 17,006 ,1'1 It
W. W. sley..... 1i 13.747 43 41l
If. thart....... I 1 ,0:10 1", ,o
f. Mainles ...... 1 6,170 2lt lo
57. II. (,agnon 21.. 5.591) 1817,1
O. IF. ;oddard .... t;8 2,301 75 171
Al. o0 .......... 23 2.940 Ss0
W. C. (0d ........ 17 7,792 2Be 7
L W. 'rools. Al ,.0011 150 001
D. oo .ed......... 1 .000 110
J. 14. liatnmas.... 33 2.9112 .4 26
M. M. Pearl....... :1 1,290 151,
T. P. wman..... 37 3,7510 112 50
('has. Russell.... 2.500 75 00
geo. ]. leattle..... 40 1.9O3 177 69
Mils Cavunnauah.. 41 .01.0 111l 00
lim n ley........ 46 1,188 46 9
SA. Pinner....... 47 1:1.281 29ý I3
gte. CqnlnIngham.. 48 1.6:,91 49 77
( G. . ete........ 51 1,457 43 71
0. C. Zosokiler ....4 1 in
o. C. Zscklrer..... 56 1.7.9 52 17
Amos (. v ... 57 1,610O 49 20
( indm.Bs Wal...158 1,520 45 O1t
]lorelnet. Wilson. 6 5,(1 1511 i
H. 15. wirstoa.... 63$ ..000 151) 1711
Wm. Lin.on....... 72 2,7110.
Total ............ 207,102
A ad in acedanee with law eso meany slhares of
eachb tarsel of said stock as maey he neessary
will be sold at the oflceef the Helena and Butti
enmpanY. room 1. Power hnilding. in the city of
Heleie, e0 the 2d day of Otober. 1889, at 12
e'slok raon, to pay said delinquent asesement
thereoa, tgoth.r with costs of adlertislng and
ozpoense of sale.
Secretary and trrrourer.
Beeom I Yewer Bijists, eleel .a nt.
or HaLMNA, Rap
PA4D UP CAPITA.L, $50O0Po.
vRtPLU* ANTDPROMrtS, 0o,oo000
Designated Deposittry of the
Intet Ale o Time D i fie.
.o . Ihw I!t 91 I......... .. t.eat lot
G urnpilue Start P.. . tookgo0we
K, W. Barh. Mo~Doheut
j.C'rt nm .. . Coujane Statea Seuritie
R Hamilton .. ...................Ctiio
O BAh...........in n r
Chas .. W ell ..r..... ... oanr
SM. olter ..........A. M. oltsrH dwaret.
Northwestern National Bank ........ Great t'a Is
)irut Natlonal Bank ................... MYiumu a
First National Bank ...............,....... ualtse
BANK, OF HELENA. MONT.
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY.
C Paid in Capital, $350,000.
Surplus and Profits, $90,000.
L. H. HEBSHFIELD............ President
AJ. I. DAVIDSON ................Vice-Presideat
AAKON HEIIHIXELD ................ashier
Board of Direterse
Thomas Crune, M. Sands,
B. IS Huntley. A. P. Preseott
A. J. Davids'n,. Moses Morris.
L. II. Hernhfield, Aaron tierbhfield.
First-class City. County and Sta Seoritis
bought and sold.
Exchange issued on the principal cities of thb
Uaited States and Europe. !ranfers of money
aede by telegraph.
interest allowed on time deposits. Collections
promptl attended to.
Bones for rent at reasonable prices in one or
the best constructed fire and burglar proof safe
ieposit vaults in the country.
ontanr a National
BANK, OF HELENA, MONT.
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY.
Capital Paid in, $500,000.
Surplus and Profits, $200,000.
U. A. BROADWATE ..................Presideal
.L, MCULLOH ..................... ...Cahi.
L. Sith ....................Assitant Canit
A. (. Clarke, Herman Gant
H. F. Galen. Peter Larson.
. W. Cannon, Il. C Wallal.,
D. A. Cory.
Second Natioral ,
BANK, OF HELENA, MONT.
PAID UP CAPITAL, $75,000.
SURPLUS AND PROFITS, $25,000
A General Banking Business
5. D. Edgerton ........................President
CLL CoLE.. ...............Vice-President
EORGE B. CILD......................Cashier
0S PH N. KENCK..........Assitant Ceshier
Board of Direo.ors,
J. B. Sanford. C. (G. Evant
IL W. Child, S. J. Jones.
A. N. Spratt. Chris Kenck,
E. D. Edeerton, C. K. Cole
George Bi. Child.
BANKI OF HELENA.
Transacts a General Banking Busi
SHIRLEY (1. ASHBY..................President
A. B. CLEMENT ................ Vlce.-Proeident
PBANK BAIRD ........... ........... shier
Interest allowed on t'me deposits. Exchange
esue I on foreign conitries.
Transfer of money by telegraph. First-class
ity, county and state s-onrtties hought and sold.
Collections promptly attended to.
Beard of Directorsr
John T. Murphy,
ebir:y C. Ashby, I'. tV. McAdow,
Frank aird, Cas. K. Wells,
J. 1. Wodina. E. ti. Mnclay.
W. E. Ctllen, Jno. S Mendenhall,
Abner B. Clemente, . S. Ford,
Geo. L. Tracy. J. P. Porter.
he Thomas Gruse
BAVINGS BANK. OF HELENA. "
Incorporated Under the Laws of
PAID IN CAPITAL, $100,000.
iRANK H. CRISE ...............Vice-Preeldenl
WM. J. COOKE....... Asst Treas. and Secretary
WM. J. BWEENEY...................Treasures
Tbomas Crnee Frank H. Cruoe
Wm. J. Cooke. t m. J. Sweoney.
AllowsA per cent. interest on Savings Deposits
somyounded January and July.
Transacts a general banking buslnees. Draws
exchangeo on the rincipal oltie of the United
Status and Europe.
Deals in contl and city bonds, and makes
loans on real estate mortgages.
Office hours from In a. m. to 4 p. m. Also on
Baturday and Monday evenings from 7 to 8
BANK, OF IIELIENA.
T. C. POWER ......................President
A. J. SEt[,IMAN ...............Viuo-Pree.tosi t
A. C. JONINON.................Cashier
t[EO. F. COlPE......... ... Assistant Cashier
. C. Power. A. J. Sellman,
A. C. Johnr,n Richard Locky.
Interest allowed on time detoslt. Fochange
Inaned on principal cities of the tnit.l States,
.anada and Eurone Transfers of money made
b` telegraph. Coll|ctions lr Iri ll y atutrnlod to.
Lity, county and stag securitiou toughtltanduold.
J. L. SMITH,
Freight and Transfer Line
All kand of ierebandie ad otnher ehs eiat
Inuladin ores. promptly transferred from tii
. rders will recerve prompt a nt
DOS at J. sldlrg's Lore and at [ks Nei,
TO THE IIR.
BOYS AND GIRLS:
We will give to tqh boy or girl obtaining
the largest number of subscribers to THE
WEEKLY INDEPENDENT, between now
and the 1st of January. 1893, a first-class
railroad ticket from EHelena to Chicago and
return, a ticket of admission to the Fair,
and free board at a first-olass hotel during
the stay in Chicago. There are no condi
tions attached to the offer except that with
every name sent in the sum of $2 shall be
remitted in advance for a year's subscrip
tion. Names may be sent in one at a time
as they are secured. They must beaccom
panied with the statement on the part of
the sender that he or she desires to enter
THE llDEPENDENT'S World's Fair contest.
ALBERTA RI. & COAL CO. AND
GREAT FALLS & CANADA RT. CO.
Condensed Joint Time Table l Efest Sept.
(oing West-No. 2- arBEYv. DEPART.
Dunmore .................. 7:00 p nm
BCiraasy al .............. "10:30 pm
Lethbride .... ..... 200 a
utnineg bouth--No. 5
I.ethbrdge................. 7:00 a
btirlingt........... ....... t8:20 m
Btrunton .............. 9:50 a m
Milk ltver ................. tl:a0 am
wt: outtsa (intern. boundary) tll:80 a m
SweetGrass, 12500 pm
Kevin .................... .12:50 p i
Reooky Slrings .............. 1:40 pm
UlhelbyJ unction........... p:a0 a m '2:00 p mu
Conrad.................... *3:40 p m
Pouderad................... 05:00 p 5:20 p
opine .. '8:20 p u
Steel........... ............ '8:15p m
Vaghan................... '8:50 pm
Great Falle................. '9:80 p
Going North-No. 6
Great Falls ................. el:00 p
Vau.a a . .........0...... t1:4 p
Stel...... ............... *12:20 a m
Colins........... . 2:00 m
LPondera ................... *1:40 a m
Conrad... .............:00 a n
Shelby Junction........... B :00 a m :s a
Rooky dprings ............. a n
Ke in ....................... 8:10am
Sweet Grass (inter. boued.) j9:00 Ma i
Conittn, a" l:v50 Us n
ilk kRiver ....... .... 10:40 a
Brunton .................... t 1:25 a
Stirling ................ .... 12:55 p ms
Lethbridge ................ .:I0 p m
Goinog e t-No. 3
Lethbridge ...............r 8:65 a T.s
(irae$y lake 1............... §2:4W pm
Dnnmore ..................i. §4:5 p m
Going klant-No. 1
Lethbr.g ................. 10:40 p i
s'ir y i a ok ............... *2:00 a h n
nmor ................. 5:40 a m
IDRaily. lMonday, Wednesday and Friday.
?Mealo. §Daily except Sunday.
'Ihrough trains leave Great Fails. Sunday.
Tuesday and Thursday, at 11 p. m.
Through trains leave Lethbridge. Monday,
Wednesdy and o riday at 7 a. m.
Canadian Pacllfo Railwayr-Trains leave Duon
more Junction: For Atlantic Coast at 10:25 a.
m. For Pacific Coast at :02 p. m.
areat Northern Jrailwea-Trains leave Bhelby
Junction: .or Kalispell, n onner's Ferry. po
kane, etc.. at 10:48 a. s. For St. Pai at 2:082 p. m.
Great Northern B.Rlway-Trains leave (reat
Falls. For tHelena and Butte at 10:42 a . For
St. Paul at 1:45 p. m.
Macleod and Pincher Creek-S-tage leaves
Lethbridge sevry Tuesday, Thursday and kStur
day at se. m.
Cihoteau Stas for ('hoteau, Bellevew. Bynuam,
etc., connects with trains No. r and 6.
N. t.--Passnger to and from Kalispell. Bon
ner'e Ferry. lhokare, teo.. will note that clone
daily connertielo are mrle with Greit Northern
llailwsy ai S:0elby .1 do l io n.
f. I. r. i.\l'I, Gcneral Managser.
\W. I). BAII( LA :, u;eneral r nporintendent.
It. MIAIITIN. General 'I'ratic Agent.
LIAR SUMMONS-IN THFE JUSTICE'S
court of Helena township, state of
Montana, county of Lewis and Clarke, be
fore B. F. Woodman, justice of the peace.
A. L. Smith, plaintiff, vs. T. H. Sharpe,
The state of Montana to the above
named defendant gresetag: You are hereby
umumoned to be and appear before me. B.
I'. Woiodman, a justice of the peace, in and
for the county of Lcows and Clarke. at tmy
ofiRe in lilelna, within ten days after the
corpletion of the tubli'ation of this sum
mons, to-wit, after October 4, 1892, then and
there to make answer to the complaint of
A. L. Smith. the shove named plaintiff, in
a civil action to recover the sad of Itahy
I cight anrd 0-100 dollas,. for a balance due
for goods, wares and merchandise to the
SKalispell Mercantile company and assigned
by the Kalispell Mercantile campany to this
plaintiff, and interest at the rate of 10 per
cent per annum from January lit, 1812 , t,
date by reason of Iavument havine beeu
loen and vexatiously delayed and withheld,
said ucods, wares and merehandise having
been furnished to defendant at his speoeia
Sinstanes and request; and in default thereof
judgment will be rendered against yo, 'r.
H i. Sharpe, the above name defendant, for
the sum of nietv-eight and (- 100 l(I8.M,h)
and interest at 10 per esent. per annum from
January let, 1892, and coste of suit in this
Uiven under my hand this 12th day of
September. A. D. 1892.
B. F. WOODMAN,
Justice of the Peace of Bald Township.
1i . B. Hislxa, Att'y. for Piltf.
A San Francisco Paper
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Consistlngof eight beautiful reproductions from masterpieses of the world's grea
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Its regular subscription price. Get the full particulars of this grand offer from the EXAMINER'.
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"THE INDEPENDENT," Helena, Montana.
MANHOODRESTORED" Nerve Seede,"
t ew rrnl ranted
uIas sold with a wri t
,-, lten gurantes to ureo all nervous d Iseases, such as WenT I Memory
SI.o, or Brain Power HSeadache. Wakefulness, Loat Ma
- -i. hood. NIlghtIy alsslons, Quleksess, E.l Dreams, Laelo
. (onnfldenee, Aervouslarsa, LassituIlep all drains and losso o
I power or te (ioenerutlve Organs In either sex aused by over caer
ie.te youthful errors, or excessivo use of tubaco, opium oratimu
lants which Pron lead to Infrmlty Consumpthl and Insanity. Pu
'.'.i up r.,nvronlet to , ry In vest poclet. Besat by mall Inplao parkags
" tltuny itld ross fbr SI, orB fbor S0. (With every 0 order we
give irwrlllen !uas.nsie to cure or refund the money. I
BLORE NiTD AFTR USRNG. t5ItCtJAt lt Mllti. Address N.RVE EiED) CO.. Chleago, ll.
For sale in lolena, Montana, by Pope & O'Connor, Druggists, Bailey ]3look
Helena Lumber ompaany
AGENTS FOR T .E CELEBRATED
O---a DEALERSL INO
Rough ud 6noishing Lumber, Shingle., laths, Doors, Sash and Lumbe,
if o . lltoe O4 p oom !.g pos o Thompson Slek Matl ltroaty
Op1pomtio nm"4 Oalrtt KoteL
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