i.0KI ON THE STREETS.
The Systematie Way in Whloh Im.
provements Are being
A carry.lna Out of the Original
Design regarding the
Davis Street Wlame Delleved to De Fixed
at mest-The southeast Part of
It takes time and it takes money to make
a City beautiful, no matter what the natu
ral advantages may be in the matter of lo
eation and surroundings. When Helena
was laid out, the site was selected more
with the view of being near the original
pliser diggings of Last Chance gulch than
with any idea of finding a location that
could be beautified with little trouble and
small expense. It remained for the skill of
her engineers and the money and musole of
her otisens, to make Helena what she is
to-day-en attractive, and in most parts, a
pretty city, despite the fast that nature has
so arranged matters that there is no easily
ecsessible point from whleh the entire
place can be taken in with one comprehsn
-ive glance. The multipliclty of gulehes,
smaller or larger, within the corporate lim
its of Helena. the steep hills to be elimbed
or out through, and the depressions to be
filled up, make the laying out of a system
of streets and the construcetion of a system
of sewerage or surface drainage which will
do the work of carrying off the water with
out damage to property, a diffioult matter.
Thousands of dollars have been spent on the
streets of the city in grading and regrading,
cutting down and filling up. Much of this
work has been but a temporary expedient,
and subsequent events have shown that
changes were needed. Mayor Curtin, at
the outset of his administration, decided
that what work was done on the streets
should be done with the idea of perma
nency. His appointee as street commis
sioner, C. C. Stnbbs, has a large force of
men employed in all parts of the city.
There are so many things going on that it
keeps the street commissioner moving
around as fast as a horse can carry him.
There is a foremen for nearly every large
gang of men, while J. H. Bousher acts as a
general assistant. -
The general plan carried out in the street
grading at present is to make a eat where
ever one is necessary, and use the exca
vated earth for filling in where there is a
depression. In doing this the question of
proper surface drainage is kept in view.
The original intention of allowing an op
portunity to property owners to beautify
the street in front of their houses is being
carried out. The design was all along to
allow for a roomy sidewalk and a four
foot grass plat between it and
the gutter. In very few nlaces-so few, in
fact, that they ase looked upon as curios
ities-has this been done. Wherever there
is any grading done now the place for the
grass plat is carefully levelled off and a gut
ter dug on the outer edge. Since the city
has done this there is no doubt but that at
as early a day as possible one will be able
to move along many streets of Helega and
asee long rows of green grass between the
sidewalks and the street. On many of the
prinoipal thoroughfares, where the grades
are steep, stone gutters have been put in.
This is particularly noticeable on Broad
way, Sixth avenue, Grand street and State
street. The gutters formerly made on
these steep inclines lasted well enough
for ordinary rains, but a heavy storm was
sure to wash deep gullies or else fill up the
gutters with debris and sand. The stone
gutters are expected to be able to stand any
amount of water. A regular system of
gutters is being built at street
Crossings also. Instead of continuing the
Srosswalks from one side of the street to
the other without a break, a cut is made for
the gutter, and gutter plates laid over the
openings. The greatest amount of work
on the sewerage system has been done on
the Davis street flume. The wooden flume
has been covered from its beginning up in
Dry gulch to its present terminus below
Eleventh avenue. From there on a defleo
tion is being made a little to the east by
means of a sewer of stone walls, which will
have a plank top even with the grade of
Davis street. This stone sewer will run
along the front of the contiguons lots, so
that the wooden top will answer the double
purpose of a sidewalk and to keep the
water in. Crossing the different streets
which intersect Davis street along the line
of the flume large wooden culverts have
been built up tothe surface. 'lhis has been
done at all crossing except one, where the
flume was already on grade. These enulverts
are exoected to carry the water across
without letting it overflow at the
intersections of the streets, while the cov
ering on the top of the flume will, no
doubt, prevent any overflow along Davis
street. The trouble with the flume has
been heretofore that large quantities of
debris have washed down and choked up
the .space where it was confined at the
t crossinge under the streets. At the upoer
end of the flume a grating was constructed
to catch the debris and allow nothing bat
water to enter the flume. Since then the
street commissioner has decided that it
would be better to stop the debris further
up the galch. From First street to the
upper end of the flume, on the east side of
Davis street there is a gully through which,
on the occasion of heavy storms, the water
has rushed down to the flume with its piles
of debris. This debris in turn choked up the
flume and eaused the water to back up and
form a stagnant sond, which would be ser
eral days in draining off. At First street a
bridge has been erected with stone abutment,
and the part east of Davil street which was
designed for the bed of First street has
been filled in with earth. Across the apper
end of the bridge a gratlng will be placed,
and this with the emnbankment made by
tlllng in the bed of First street, will stop
all the debria there in one spot, and make
it easy of removal after a storm, besides
allowinu nothing but water to pass down
into the flume. Another bridge has been
built and a similar fill is being made at
Ilhird street, east of Davis. The next most
exteneive sewer improvement is that on
Boulder avenue. The sides of the old flume
crossang the arenue had cared in. 'they
are being rebuilt and extended up to the
surface of the street, instead of being ser
eral feet underground as heretofore.
lThe most extensive piece of street work
is the eutting through of J,sawrenbe street
from Main to lRodney. The cut, at its
deepest part, will be twenty-five and one
half feet below the original surfae. 'There
is a little army of men and teams at work
in this eut, which is being made gradually
auntil it gets down to the established grade.
Plows run along the upper edge of the out
and turn the dirt over into the opening
already made, from which point it is
shoveled into earts and hauled away. It is
very useful dirt too. as it is usneed on those
streets which need filling up to bring them
up to the proper grade. The dirt gotten
from the Lawrence street cut is very useful
for this purpose, as it makes an excellent
roadway, packs easily and evenly, and
presents a hard surface. It has been used
to good advantage on the lower tart of
Bodney street and on Tenth and Eleventh
avenues. Large quantities of the same
dirt have been used on the
west side also. in places where
the street beds needed patching up. The
rock gotten from the Lawrence street cut is
being utilixed in sewer and gutter work.
Eighth avenue work was also a big im
provement From Beattie to Davis street
there had been praotically no grade on this
arenue that would telieve the surfase of
the rain which fell in an ordinary shower.
During heavy rainfalls this aossed con
siderable damage to property and incon
venience to occupants of houses. The
property owners finally got what they had
aen asking for, and the work was done in
a bhort time. In otder to cary eat the
improvement as contemplated it was Inoo
my. to lowar the rpade of that part of the
v ,n.te betw.en avis and BeaIi streetet
several feet, and to raimn that part between
Beattie and laleigb. The e*alth taken
froma the one plft wiluedltol ll 4 n1 the
The gotheastern motion of the city i
one that has been b.ilt up vr rapidly in
the past few ea it is t sitated on the
Ste slop4 etadlng up to the hills mouth
of ibe east aide of town. Some of the reef.
denoe in thl aNetion are very fine oneas
and all parts of the southeast corner of the
oity command a magnifcent view of the
valley and the hills beyond. I hough the
treets have all been laid out there, little, if
any, work has been done on those farthest
removed from the eedter of town. Right
through this mention there is a galoh, into
which all the water rans during a heavy
rain, making a perfect river, which dashe
down through lots and houses, and aeross
streets, doing great damage. The work of
gradinl the streets there is now going on.
It as being done a sauch a way that the gut
ters of each street will accommodate its
own water. Beattie street is having a big
elloe taken off in one place, and the exoa
vated earth is being used to fill in at an
other, so that when the work is completed
there will be a fine thoroughfare into this
part of town. 'l h streets running east
and west aerom the guleh mentioned are
also being filled in from earth taken at
the various excavations, so that when the
next big rain comes the troublesome galch
will be no longer a terror to the residents
of Broadway, Breekenrldge, and other
Those already mentioned are but a small
part of the street improvements that are
going on. There are others, a little or a
big fill here and another there, and a out
ting down at various points of from six
inches to several feet, which will greatly
facilitate travel and help beautify the city.
The most extensive of thees classes of
work have been on Broadway (which has
been macadamized east of Davis street),
Breekenridge, Raleigh and Beattie streets,
Sixth and Fifth avenues, Water street,
Ninth avenue, Peosta avenue (the latter
having been graded for half a mile), Mon
roe street, Hemlock street, Clark street,
Bridge street, and numerous other jobs of
larger or smaller dimensions. Broadway
has had about a foot taken of the surface
from Warren street up the bill, and stone
gutters are being placed outside the space
reserved for Pgral plats. Another slice will
be taken off the steep hill on Grand street,
above Jackson, and commodious gutters
are being built, with wooden sides and top,
to accommodate the water which rushes
down that steep incline during a rain. In
no month since last spring has the piy roll
for the street department exceeded $3.700.
in spite of the great amount of work being
Mntual Life six per cent console.
LOTS FOR SALE.
The following described lots are now of
fered for sale, viz: Lots valued at $250
each, in parcels of twenty, to be paid for in
twenty installments, each of equal amouqt,
and to include all charges.
The property is guaaranteed to increase in
value each year under a certain contin
gency until, with the payment of last in
stallment, the present value will be
A unique feature is that in ease of the
owner's death the mortgage is extinguished
and payments cease.
A very valuable clause of the contract is
he guarantee of the company that the
property, when paid for, will produce a
revenue (without spending further capital
or improvements) equal to at least six
per meat, free of taxes.
For particulars apply to
SMITH & Co., Agents,
Room 14, Merchants Nat'l Bank Bld'g,
Thos. E. Brady, of Great Falls, is at The
W. G. White, of Empire, is at the Grand
J. T. Case, of Missoula, was in Helena
J. M. Powers, of Great Falls, Is at the
Chas. E. Beckwith, of Missoula, was in
George L. Carey, of Livingston, was at
The Helena yesterday.
C. L. Meyer, of Wiekes, registered at the
Grand Central yesterday.
Thomas G. Merrill, of Bimini, has come
to Helena to locate for the winter.
'Among visitors from Marysville in the
eity yesterday were George Barnes, J. W.
Humping and William Mayger.
Among Butte people in the city yesterday
were G. A. Cook, S. L. Russell, John Sher
man, John Lewisohn, J. E. Gaylord, and J.
T. G. Eddingfield, a clerk at the Boston
clothing store, after an illness of a month,
has gone to Minnesota to visit his parents.
whom he has not seen for a number of
Mrs. S. K. Palmer, Ada Palmer, Fred
Palmer, for Bangor, Me.; C. H. Butler, E.
R. Cowan, and D. S. Fund, for Chicago;
H. W. Smith, for New York; H. F. Shaeffer,
for New York, were among the departures
via the Northern Pacific yesterday.
Arthur Helwig, who has been associated
with the A. M. Holter Hardware company
for several years as seeretary and treasurer,
has resigned to become the general agent of
the Giant Powder company for Montana,
Idaho, Utah and Washington. Mr. Hel
wig will make his headquarters at Helena.
Will Arrive To-Day.
The following passengeri will arrive in
Helena to-day at 1:30 on the Northern Pa
cific: W. A. Hopp, C. R. Andrews and wife,
E. Small, F. K. Parmenter, J. Dietrich,
Arrivals at the Grand Central.
Geo Barnes, Marysville W (I White, Empire
C W Chomug, Helena Chas A lJynh,tliasonla
J M Powers.tireat Falla J W iumping, Marys
Louis Zickler, Plaior villa
P It Muse, Paris, Mo L P Langan, LaCrosse,
(:'has £eckwith, Mie- Wie
oula G( W Walters, Helena
Hlugh McQuaid,London J T ( ase, Jr, Misounla
hung MIrs Murray, Corbin
Mrs Peters, (orbin tlrs L Long, Cascade
Chas ' Osunett, Arling- Wi Mayger, Marys
ton. Ore ]vilIs
F Irish, Bismarck 1 ; Marshall, Great
H J ' o mey, Chinook talis
L W llemden, Missoula C 8 ttoherts, St Panl
J F Faulkner, Helensa has lingham, Lewis
A C ('arson, Townsend ton
SH O'NeaL Cataract W Dodge, Winston
C F Pearis. Helena I) lowers, Butte
Mrs Bowers. Botte L j elle, ~ inneapolis
(ieo lchrneider.Chicage C I, Meer, Wickes
L H Robinson. Towns- E Winston, Townsend
Arrivals at The Helena.
C H Jonmy and wife, G A Cook, Butte
Chicago h I -nell, Butte
W I Lipincott. Bintte J II Wioterlield,tincin
8 J lwenger. Milwan- nati
kee F Mthehlstutler, Mi
L ii Bil. Cleveland wahkee
B F I elt and wifeialo- Miss A }. Felt, Galena,
na. 111 11 Iamilton Walker,
Con L Carey. Living- Great Falls
,ton T 'l'Townsend, l'hila
Thos E Irady, Groat delphins
Fails J t. lt, lne. St Loute
3 F 11ll, New York C h Wolf, ticket
C I Whitcomb,( hicago it I l'atinaude, Irlen.
C A Whipple,'l'ownsend John iherminn. lhIltt
John Lewishon, lButt C 1 IDiokinson and wife
1 Gaylolrd, lhutte Fondu Lace
SA 'lalbott, lButte John II oyceto, New
I it Manning. lortland York
D iltan. St Paul 0 C Zoeokler, Ilimini
The New Merlchats.
Operated by the Merehants Hotel com
rany, now begs to announce that its rooms
are open for the reception of guests. Rooms
will be offered to transcient guests at $1.25
per day (parlor floor), $1 per day (third
floor), 75 cents per day (fourth floor). Ex
tra for more than one occupant. All mod
ern improvement, steam heat, electric
ight, return electric bell call system, and
esunshi in every guest chamber. IBrasses
and velvet carpets used exelusively through
out the honue. Office, elegant bar and
billiard room, cigar stand and palatial bar
ber shop on first floor.
The diningroom in this hotel has been
leased to and Is now operated separately by
the Missee Nagle, who are prepared to fur
nish board. Meals 50 cents. Board $7 per
week. Tickets, twealy-one ieals, $4.
epeoWi Shipnst ef OtFaJ a iweeir
at the Motor *Waltl a1 *
Ae the wemthe rH adully b° go i
the oystep trade inlcreaesi : t M
waiting rooms on Bitih avenue Sa t
the proprieter, started his shipiaen4 a a16.
tie early thi seaso In ord.r to spply the
demands of the people who ,wlh to enaoy
the bivalve and who believe that it is geod
eating In any month that oolatali an 1,
A fresh shipment of New York eOunts is
received at the waiting roome tweel day!
whee they are aerved In all styleity a
competent cook. Mr. Her hs b d mylo d
specialty of the oye)er basueine over t.lo
he has been n Helena.
Butoher & Bradley have the finest lne of
stamped linens in town and the priee arelo.
New Fringes at Powles' cash store.
x100 eash. Enter the contest, guess and
win it. Cotpon 4th page.
To County buperintendents of Schools.
The official programme, containing or
der of exercises for the observance of
Columbus day, Oct. 21, will be furnished
from this otlice upon application, giving
number needed for the schools of each
co9aty. Jo.n GAOxoN.
Supt. of Publio Instruction.
Helena, Iept. A3, 1893.
The famous Deere plows have maintained the
lead in all farming dstriots in the United Ctstes
for half a century. 'T. ;. Power & Co. are saolte
agents for Montana, and carry a full line of
Leere plows and extras constantly on hand.
Lamps at one-hall value at the Bee Hive re
moval sle. tlmember this is the last week, as
the rembvyal takes place uct. 1.
Are you out for the $100 cash? See sen.
pon on 4th page.
All kinds of wool. astrakan and far trimmings
or dresses at Fowles' cash store.
rFull line of fall and winter underwear and
hosiery at Butoher & Bradley's. Their stook is
complete and the prices low.
For table linens, towels and napkins o to
Fowles' cash store.
Be sure and see The Bee liv line of table
linens and towels before making your purchases.
BATES-DtNOVAN-Sept. 24, 1892, by B. F.
Woodman, justice of the peace, at Helena,
Mr. James J. Bates. Jr., to Mrs. Annie J.
Donovan, both of Holena.
Catholic Knights of America.
Branch No. 298 meets every
second and fourth Sunday in eaoh
month at throe p, m. at, t. Aloy
sies hall. Assessmente No. 89i
and 895 called.
Sisiting members cordially in
HUGH A. McKINNON,
G CNAND UENTRAL
. HOTEL BAR
For the coolest glass of Beer in the city.
MIXED DRINKS A SPECIALTY.
JAY D. PHILLIPS. Proprietor.
You are not in it if you purchase your Fly
Hooks, Rods, Reel, Line, Creel, Fly Book,
Leader Box or Waders before you come in and
nspect my stock, which you will find not only
;lelargest, but the best selected in all the details
f a first class stock of goods, in the city. Prices
areright, and according to the quality. There is
no misrepresentation as to quality. All kinds
of rod mountings in stock. Bicycle Eandries,
lions, Revolvers, Ammunition. and general stock
of 8porting Goods.
M. H. BRYAN, GUN STORE,
103 BROADWAY. HELENA.
We are now receiving the
Latest New York Styles
In Seal anl Other Far Garments
CAPES, WRAPS, MUFFS,
Gollars, Boas, Etc.
As Furriers we can show you designs
not found elsewhere, and at prices guaran
teed as low as any reliable house in the
country. If you intend buying do so, early
and save money, as prices will be higher
BAB K CO RELIABLE FURRIERS.
OC HELENA AND BUTTE.
A RELIABLE SUPPORT
Is realized by all wearers of our splendid SHOES. We buy the
very best makes. We have them made of the very best
mnaterials. Wo keep only the latest style3. We can and will
furnish a perfect lit. Ladies' Fine Footwear is a leading feature
of our stock, and we confidently assert that no finer assortment
has ever been brought to this city than we are now displaying.
Prices are right, too.
CLARKE & FRANK MONTANA SHOE CO,
OUR FALL LIN
C, o KS
Which we display compels us to says, with all due respect
to our past achievements ,that we have
This Fall Eclipsed
All Our Past Efforts
In preparing our LINE for THIS SEASON we have been
guided by the remarkable success which greeted
our efforts in the past,
WE COVER THE WHOLE FIELD
Ladies' and Children's Cloaks,
From so-called popular range of prices, up to the highest
classes of novelties.
To the Ladies whom we have not had the pleasure of meeting, or who are not
familiar with the character of our goods, we desire to EXTEND AN INVITATION TO
VISIT US and convince themselves of the prices and attractiveness of our line.
S* PATENTS. E
United States and Foreign Pat
ents obtained and any information
EDWARD C. RUSSELL,
Attorney at Law.
Pittsburlh Blook, Helena. Moet.
SCHOOL DISTRICTS CONTEMPLATING Issuing Bonds
or building School Houses will find
it to their interest to correspond with me. I have purchased more
School Bonds in Montana during the past year than all other bond
houses combined. Am prepared to advance money for the erec.
tion of School Hcuses in advance of the issue of bonds.
Will purchase all classes of Bonds, State, County and City War.
rants. Correspondence solicited.
H. B. PALMER. 10 EDWARDS ST., HELENA, MONT.
Rock and Ore
("THE BLAKE STYLE.")
This Style of Rock Breaker, after 20 years' practical test, has
proved to be the best ever designed for the purpose of
Breaking Quartz, Emery, Gold and Silver Ores
And all hard or brittle substances, also for making RAILROAD
BALLAST OR CONCRETE. Our adjustable, toggle block [Pat. No.
227,5541 enables us to adjust the machine while in motion to the
size of any stone or particular product. There are other improve
ments possessed by the machines not equalled by any other
in the world.
Gold Medal awarded at the Massachusetts Mechanics' Associa.
tion, 1881, and Silver Medal (special) at the American Institute,
New York, 1882.
Farrell Foundry and insonia,
Machine Company, Goon.
C. T. Morrell, l'racticl Gunsnith, 17 N. Alain Stroeet, Helena, Montana.
Wholesale and lstal) Dealer to Ouns, Wlihlng Taekla, Ammnmition, SportUag
Goods, Teats, uoats, Oars, Camping Outfits, Bloyeles, Ste. Guns Made to order and
repaired; also Trunks, Parasols, Umubrtllas, IEte. Key rtalug add let Work a
speelalty. Guns. Touts and Fishllg ltakle for reant.
xml | txt