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; i . .... ... T Nhg d. n r" '' ,In · '·: VOL. XXXIII.-NO: 258. HELENA, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 22, 1892. PRICE FIVE CENTS. HLEIN F CSTURDAy ON OCTOBER 22, 1859, Louis I Spohr the celebrated composer and violinist died at Cassel in Germany. He was born at Brunswick in 1784, and was the greatest of all composers for the violin. 'He visited all of the European countries, and besides his music for the fiddle,' was the author of several operas and oratorios, and among these "The Last Judg ment." Stylish Slits Are just as cheap as those which are not stylish. Our line of suits this sea son is culled from the enormous variety afforded in the Eastern markets to a purchaser who Buys His Goods for Cash. The Benefit Arising redounds to the ad vantage of our patrons who are thus permitted the widest range of selec tion within a restricted limit of prices. A Indcement To invest will not be want ing after inspecting the beautiful combinations the new goods display. GANS & KLEIN E TI bi Formal Ceremonies in Connection to With the World's Columbian V Exposition. de A Scene Memorable in All .Be speote and Superlatives t In Every Detail. Within the Largest Building of the Earth the Biggest Crowd Is Gathered. a Figures and Words Are Inade quate to a Fair Description H /of the Event. All Nations Represented There-Speeches al and Orations by Noted Orators- Programme of the Day. M ti COroAno, Oct. 21.-In the presence of a a hundred thousand people, amid the echoes T of the largest chorus assembled in the his- tl tory of modern times; under arches the P1 Sl gest ever constructed in the history of a bitecture, the World's Columbian expo ,tlion was fornhally dedicated today in the great hall of manufactures and liberal arts by the dignitaries of the nation. The event was one well designed to inspire the loyalty of the Amerion heart, marking, as it did, the first international exposition to be participated in by every civilized nation of the globe. 'I he oconsion was equally significant in being devoid of that pomp and pageantry which have characterized the world's fairs of monarchial Europe. The inaugural cer emonies to-day were a triumph of republi can institutions; a triumph greater than all the glories of war. To the par ent republic of the western hemis phere had been reserved the distino tion of winning the goodwill and admira tion of all the world, and kings, emperors, T czars, sultans, mikados. khans and shahs, have each extended the hand of interna tional fellowship to the American people d and crowned with their benediction and ap- a proval the exposition to be held under the r patronage of the republic. t As the discovery of Columbus marked an epoch in the world's knowledge, so the oc casion of to-day marks an epoch in the r world's civilization. It means that the petty jealousies of the past have been paut away by the enlightened nations of the earth and relegated to ages that have gone; that upon neutral ground nations like men can assemble in fraternal meeting and recognize that bond of common humanity that makes brothers of us all. The fierce rivalry of arms ha s given place to the f 1 t NI CHRI5TOPHIR COLUMOU. friendly competition of commerce. The selfish greed for power has given way to a thirst for enlightenment-to a desire for material and intellectual development. The old world is no longer impatient of I the progress of the new. With bowed heads the diplomatic repre aentatives of the crowned rulers of the Old World to-day Rave attentive audience to the ceremonies and voiced no dissent when the orators of the hour reviewed the glory i of repablican institutions and indicated i that the greater progress lay in a govern ment by the many. But a more eloquent event than the silver tongued orators of the day in attesting the grandeur of the repub lio was the modest spectacle of the greatest international exposition of the age usahered into being, not by the command o: crowned heeds of hereditary authority., but by the I acclaim of houdreds of thousands of free men, each man the peer of his fellow and each a sovereign invested with the rights of the repuhlir. The scene presented by the vast gather ing in the dedication building was one never to be forgotten. In many respects it was without precedence. Everything was on the order of the esupelntive. 'Ihe dedi ncation hall is the largest et'ucture ever erected, and in it gathered the largest crowd ever assembled beneath a single roof. In the aunodience were probably more distinguished Americana titan have ever been seen together on any commemorative oecasion in the history of the republio. Learned juriets Lou the bench, cabinet officers, gore nora of states, senators, congressmen, admirals and geCn erale with niall the regalia of authority; car dinals with their insignia of aivostolic falthl; scientists, who are fast wresting front nature thie problems of the age. All these gathered here today to do honor to the creat, silent student of four hundred years ago, who in his way was the pioneer of them all: who led the van of human thoguht and manly da ing and gave theworld a new coutinent and to history an imperishable reverence for Christopher Columbaus. This was the name on every lip, in evely ode and sonIg, that crowned every perroration, that found utterance in the opening praises and was softly breathed in the closing benedic tion. All did him honor and the time that ripens and mellowathe gratitude of nationsu after four hendred yeats gives the greatest homage to his memory and name. As coven Grecian villages elaimed the birthplace of Homer after he begged his bread thlrough their streets end mouldered unhonored into dust, so art and science and inventiun and cii vied today iln oicimiog C:olnolcus as their own. oun after eight this morning It was a clatter of hoof and elank oi arms aloag MisiciRgn arecue. 'IToop eof Uoited States cavalry from the military omp in Wash inlgton park were om their way to the anol toricn to esort the notable guests to the dedicatory ceremonies at Jackson park., seven milels awy. Behind the gallopain tuomps coase pounding along the great aver une batteries of Unitet States artilley. The rumble of wheels, the clatter of' ha nesae.hains, and ooossionally the shout of the mounted riders woke the people to the remembrance that Obiesgo's great Colom bian day was on and here were the fore riders, It wasn't long until the men of the coca sion entered carriages and started for the fair arounds. The United States troops, artillerymen and other mounted esoorts took up the march to Twenty-ninth street, where a halt was made at the residence of Plresident of H, N, Higlnbotham, of the World's fair company, where Vies-Prest dent Morton and the joint committee on ceremonies joinedthe proceeslon. Follow lag the vice-presidential party's carriages were members of President Harrison's cabinet; members of the diplomatic corps in the glitter of brilliant uniforms and insignia of office. Then came members of the supreme court, Mayor Washbrrn and ex-President Hayes; next members of the United States senate and house of represent atives and following them representatives of the army and navy, ineludina Gen. eohn field, Gen. J. . B. Brooks, Gen. Yrank Wheaton and Lieutenant Commander J. T. Hutohins, United rtates navy. Then a string of carriages containing the gover nors of states and territories with their staffs in the order of their entrance into the union; after these came the orators and chaplains, including Bishon Charles H. Fowler, of California; Hon. Henri Watterson, of Kentucky; Hon. Chauncey M. Depuw, New York; Cardinal Gibbons, Baltimore; Rev. H. O. MoOook, Philadelh hia, alnd Me. Sara Cowell Le moyne, Boston. Then came the cormis sioners of foreign governments to the Columbian exposition, and then foreign conulsole. Next in thirty carriages were members of the We Id's Columbian Na tional commission, and then' the board of lady n.anagers, headed by Mrs. Potter Pal mer. They were sainted as they passed by a general raising of hates by the multitude. Then came representatives of eleven of the thirteen original states. 'Ihis part of the prooession was heartily cheered. After T. W. PALMER PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION. them ten carriages contained the board of directors of the World's Columbian expo sition with their offIcers; after these the 5 managers of the United States exhibit at the fair. Then seven carriages con tainine the sixteen chiefs of depart ments in the exposition, and next the staff - of directors of the works in eighteen car a ringes, along with the architects of the a various exposition buildings. Last came, as a civic escort, the city council of Chi e cago. WORDS AND FIGURES FAIL, I A Scene Never Equaled in the Records of V Tisne. CnHAGoo, Oct. 21.-The route from Thirt) e fifth street was by way of the Grand boule vard and Midway plaisance to the fair grounds. At Walshington park on the way down, the troops encamped there, regular and state, formed by brigades in lines of masses, and as the federal representatives neared the natk a presidential salute of twenty-one guns was fired by the artillery, white the troops stood at present arms. The military display was most imposing. At aine o'clock visitors began to stroll into the grounds and by 10 o'clock 30.000 people had passed through the gates. From this time on the multitude was augmented by tens of thousands. As the visitors a rived most of them made way directly to the great dedication building, anxious to obtain desirable seats and in a short time every one of 90,000, except those reserved for dis tinguished guests, were occupied by the early comers. At 10 o'clock, the parade outside, in which 12,000 regulars and state militia par ticipated, had hardly begun and it was evident the many thousands who were coming in must be content with standing room andthat at least two-thirds of the visitors to the grounds would never get within hea ing of the speakers' voice. It was the throng of a century, the scene of a lifetime, a spectacle that shall in coming a years mark an epoch in the march of the a nations of the earth. r No human pen can adequately describe it. One must see It to appreciate it. Words ,f and flun es fail. When one says the great audience room, capable of seating 90,000 persons comfortably, with ept.ee left for d 75,000 more, it is simply a big apirroxima o tion. Let us endeavor to get an approxi n mate idea of this unique scene. Imagine y thirty great stoeel arches with a 88511 foot d span and 206 feet high, coveling a space - 1,400 feet long, and this partly coveted with it wood and partly with glass, and surrounded . the entire length and breadth by a broad - gallery with raised seats. Imagine a great it starry banner hang from the center of er.ch d aloh, with clustered flags of all nations d gathered in festoons on the front of tLe is balcony. At the end imagine a greatulatform filled d with m'sieians, vocal and instrumental. ,f In the middle of one side imagine a great stand with a 'pulltt-like projection in the middle, draped with white and yellow fuet le toons. 'IThis is the ofiaial stand, lttauite it ittilled with governors and their resplei 15 dent staffs; dignitaries of foreign nations i- with juweled strange but vivid costuomes. r In front of this stand upon the main floor, Simagine a large railed off stand with tables h nd occupied by newsepaper men from all 0 quarters of the gloie, working furiously 5 tryig to picture the scene before thrut, p and to the left tand right see the great auds f ence, sitting, standing, flling the Immense a space until it could not hold another hu I, man being; till the boys and men take hold - ofi tie great steel a cheas nd clamber r- through their braces high up above the ; eads of the gathered throng. Imagine II depending from the roof midwayv down oe streamers of yelow, red and white bouting is to the side- o, the great alcheo. re Imagine in festoons the American lagg, f draped here and there, while in the centitr it a great ca veil stone eagle formethe nucleus of the glorious stanudard of colo.r . Oi one e side iof this hange the I anner of Slpa, a with its lion, its castle towers of red, white d and black. On the other side the leeon ct cross of Ferdintnd and Isabella poon a d white ground. with their initials surmountr ed by a crown emblezoned in vellow. Near it by is the otfficial banner of the Worlt's Conl 5 umbian expositiont, triangular in form, di 5t vided evenly, one half of uround blue ste n ialtzIng Lake Miehigan; the other half f white, suggestive of the exposition Iuilding, h and a triuge of dark gold, which, with a white, iaekes the colors of Isabella. lun the d Lasel, the dark red strmd, at once the a cimeon of Ferdinand and Columbus, and the terra cotsa of (hieago, which, with the a white, makte a new municoipal ule . S In the field near the stiff of oak is a e wreath eeilosing four gothic *Ca" Inter - twined, the initials of Ovolns, Chlistopher 1- Columbus and Chicago, the oval of the Cs Sexpyressive of the ltomanesque sharaoteris t tic of the World's fair buildings. the four C ontinued on tenond 'agte. SHUT-00WN IMPROBABLE I wI Nothing Is Known in Anaconda of " the Rumor Concerning the at Works b hr Mr. Haggin's Intentions in the Matter Are not Yet Made he Public. ga TI No Reason Why There Should Be an Immediate Stoppage of the Work- T Stook-Jobbing Scheme. in ANACONDA, Oct. 21.-[Special.]-The tol- hI lowing distatoh published in the Pioneer d, Press and other newspapers throughout the I o east, on Wednesday, created considerable excitement here: Naw Yoax, Oct. 18.-The announcement yesterday in Wall street that it had been hb decided to shut down the Anaconda copper pi mines for three months, beginning Nov. 10, a caused quite a little excitement, which was a manifested especially on thestook exchange II by a raid on Northern Pacifid preferred. is The Anaconda mines ship immense quanti- f, ties of ore over the Northern Pacific. This fact furnished a good enough reason for the t bears to hammer the stock, J. B. Haggln, t[ when questioned in regard to the closing, d said it waee merely for the purpose of mak- c ing needed repairs and a general eeaning. d, The mines had been worked steadily for a long time, he said, and this was necessary. Ii At the offices of the company in this city it was stated that no suck information had been received here and the report was dis credited. The report still eauses some un-fl easiness among the residents of the town a as they are aware that it is Mr. Haggin's C habit to give very brief notice of hislnten- o tions. His orders with regard to the works are b usually telegraphed from New York and put t into execution immediately. It is not be-. lieved, however, that there is any necessity 0 for the immediate closing of the works and t the story is looked upon as a stock-jobbing 1 scheme. t MAJOR MIAGINNIS AT GRANITE. A Strong Speech, Frequently Interrupted d With Applause. 9 GANIrra. Oct. 21.-[Speioal.]-Major 'j Maginnis addressed a large and responsive f audience at Miners' Union haill this even- b ing. He directed his remarks mainly 1 against the corrupt practices of the party c in power; eulogized the founders of that party, but condemned in the strongest terms the presumptuous and overbearing policy of their unworthy successors. He showed that the third party could best I advance their principles by joining the democrats in their efforts to overthrow the t plutocracy power now prevailing. The mention of the name of Tim Collins and that of the tireless champion of silver, I Dick Bland, brought forth a hearty round of applause, while every reference to Rep resentative W. W. Dixon received an ova r tion. During the course of his speech the major was interrupted by a man in the audience who rose in his seat and desired the privi lege of asking a question. This was granted, but he was very courteously requested to defer asking it until the major was through. After the conclusion of the speech, which ended in a fine eulogy for Cleveland and the whole ticket, the interrupting auditor was given the courtesy of the floor. He first made some wild assertion which the speaker denied him the privilege to pro ceed with, and then upon attempting to make a people's party speech he was called off by the major, amid loud shouts to sit I down, which came spontaneously from all parts of the house. The meeting closed with three cheers for Mr. Maginnis. WONDERFUL DERONSTRATION. I ~lles City and Eastern Montana Ablaze With Enthusiasm. MILES CITY, Oct. 21.-[Special.l-For en thusiasm the democratic meeting held here a to-night, in honor of Senator E. D. Matte t and Hon. John T. Smith, could not be tequalled. The town was literally ablaze with bonfires and fireworks. People came as far as 100 miles to take part in the pro cession, which consisted of over 200 men carrying torches and colored lights. The military band from Fort Keogh led the i march, playing "Dixie" and other popular r airs. The people shouted themsolveshoarse at the mention of the democratic leaders' names. It was the most wouderful demon station of publie feeling ever seen in east a ern Montana. Even the rexublicane, ear ried away with enthusiasm, joined the ranks. The court house, where the meet I ing was held, was crowded to its utmost limits. There was not even standing room, a The audience was sompletely carried away a by the eloqhence of the speakers. The meeting was in complete contrast to the late republican rally, which was poorly at tend snd more like a funeral I rocession. SThis rally was good evidence of the politi -cat feeling in this part of the county. Weecd P'laying for Rafety. GREzAT FALLS, Oct. 2l.-[Special.1-After E. D. Weed's huff at the opera house last night because he was asked a question he Shad invited, J. A. MacKnight challenuged him to a joint debate on the issues of the campaign. Weed told a reporter of the re Sinblican paper here that he had no time for cuch a debate until iafter election. As SMacKnight offered to meet him at Helena, Suu.te or Great Falls. any time between now and Nov. t, his excuse is not regarded as a Sgood cune. even by republicans, while inde Spendents say he would not like to take the Srisk of having his sophistries and false rhoods unveiled in Iublic. It is WVeed's evi dent intention to ignore MaoKnight'M chal Slenge. nCollns nad Clark at Vtralnia (ity. a VimoINIA CITY. Oct. 21.-[-peciall-Hon. SW. A. Clark and Hon. 'Timothy E. C(ollin Sspoke here last night to a large and apere i iative andience. About one hour apiece - was occupied by the speakers, and the If thorough manner In which the issues of Sthe day were handled set the people to Sthinking and insures an increased demo e cratic vote from old Madison. The foral d display and decorations made by the detmo-. e cratic ladies was the filuest ever seen in the town. Celebratadi II illenn. a ILon, Oct. 21.-[Speoital.]~-Columbu5 day was aelebrated here by the schools and itizen All busluese houses were closed this afternoon. The procession, headed by a band and the whole drum corps, and composed of the schools, Company E., M. N. G., and the G. A. It., marched from the sohool buildings to the public square, where the children saluted the flag and repeated the pledge of allegiance, lRev. Spencer delivered the oration of the day at the opera house to a large audience. The festivities concluded with a grand Colum bus ball at the opera house to-night. Esnreolse at Misesnls. MlzraouLA, Oct. 21.--(pecial.]-The day has been appropriately observed by the good people of Missoula. The business houses were all closed until this afternoon. The parade was the largest ever seen on the streets of this city. It consisted of the police force, the fire department, the T Twenty-fifth Infantry band and four com panies of troops from Fort Missoula. The various orders and 550 school children were in line, with their teachers. At the court house there was music and sparking. The day closed with a grand ball at the Knights of Pythias hall. Livingston Daly Celebrated tile Day. C LVIuxosTOx, Oct. 21.--[pecial.]-Colom- t bus day was observed here to-day in an ap propriate manner. During the afternoon c all business houses in the city were closed. a Interesting exercises took place in the var. ions school buildings this morning. The feature of the afternoon was a parade in 1 which 500 sohool children participat'ed. At the west aide school building Geo, Alderson c delivered an address appropriate to the oc casion. An excellent programme was ren dered by the pupils of the schools at Heffer lin's opera house to-night. Pleasing Exercises at Miles. MiLEs CITr. Oct. 21.-LSpecial.1-There was a public Columbian celebration to-day at the Miles City schools, in which the Grand Army of the Republic joined. The opening address wasby the mayor, followed by a song by the scholars, a flag raising by the G. A, It.. reading of the president's proclamation address, by one of the schol ors, an oration by 11ev. John Dunlap, in. terspersed with music by the band. Beats had been improvised in the yard. The at tendance was large. Fittingly Observed at liozeman. BOZEMAsN, Oct. 21.-[Special.]-Columbus day was very fittingly observed in Bozeman. The banks and business houses were closed. The G. A. R. and school children paraded from the academy to the east side school building, where the exercises took place. They were witnessed by a large and appre ciative audience. Columbus and Anaconda. BUTTE, Oct. 21.-[Special.]-Three thou sand school children paraded the streets of Buntte to-day in honor of Columbus. They were dressed in red, white and blue, and carried flags. 'lhe Anaconda capital committee opened headquarters here to-day in the new Tuttle building, Main street. Conrad National hank, of Kallspell. KALISPELL, Oct. 21.-[-Special.]--The Conrad National bank, of Kalispell, now takes the place of the Conrad Bros. bank. 'Ihis new bank needs no introduction to the people of the northwest, because its owners are known far and wide. They are men of great wealth and unimpeachable in tegrity and do business upon business prin ciples. Blaine sVill Speak no More. NEW YORK, Oct. 21.-Since Blaine spoke at Ophir farm retorts have been circulated that the Maine statesman would speak again. Blaine said to a reporter of the Associated oress, when asked if he would speak again, that he did not want to an swer the question directly as a "yes" or a 1 "no" would each bring comments. If he I declined friends would write him to recon sider the question and he would be both e:ed daily. At republican headquarters all knowledge of Blaine's intention to speak during the campaign was emphatically de nied. Colorado Companies Consolidate. NEW YORK, Oct. 21.-The stookholders of a the Colorado Coal and Iron and the Col e orado Fuel companies to-day ratified the consolidation of the two concerns. The new company will be known as the Colorado Fouel and Coal company, capital stock $'.250,000, of which $5,250,080 will be dis tributed to stockholders of the two com 1 panies, who will also receive 60 per cent. in e stock of the new development companies, a which have been formed to take in the ag ricultural and town lot property of the Coal and Iron company. IRebellious Aluards Punished. LONDOiN, Oct. 21.-As the result of an in v restigation into the recent trouble of 0. squadron, First regiment, Life guards, the e authorities have dismissed from service eight non-commissioned officers. One pri t vate has already been sentenced py a court martial to eighteen months imprisonment and to be diansiesed from the service, while I the sergeant who had charge of the canteen * has been removed from the stewardship. Ioston a Sure Winlnler. BOSTON, Oct. 21.-Boston gave Clevelaud - the worst defeat of the series. Nichols was in fine form ind very efecrtive at critical times, and received extraordinary suptpot. CIh relard could get no farther than third base. Both catchers did good work. loe ' ton 4, hits 6, errors 0, Nichols and lienuett; t Cleveland 0, hits 7, elros 2, Cui'py and e Zinnier. Chlarges and a Counter 4"harges. NEW YoiK, Oct. 21.-The divorcer suit of President Newell W. l1loes, of the National Mutual L'fe Insuranoe company, against I'Erma A. lluoss, waes put on t' ial this morn log. Ilo.s accuses his wife'of being inti SImarte wth ltawyer J. Oliver Keane. Mrs. Slose denioes the chartses and brings counter charges of his adultery with Muena liart. o May Mleet in Trafalgar NSluare. LiNi)Oon, Oct. 21.-The home secretary has granted the request of the radical so oieties for permission to bold a rublic meet ing in 'T'rtlalgar sqlnare, Nov. Ii. In grant ing the request he said the elsqulare hereafter woult be open for meetingse Mlaturday af, ternooons, tiundays arid holidays, i rovided the police are notified in advance. tteptublieal . Pl'an Fr naude. Naw YORKea, ot. 21.--It is isercted at democratic ntiounal headquarters that efforts are being made to colonize a large Snumber of neg. es in various tarts of this - state, particulaily in the interior. The plan I is to have them sent in smrll grouts to have them distributed among as many lso tion districts as vossible. iiid nlot Attenld. ()TTiAWI. Oct. 21.-T'l'he dominion minis tare are being severely critcised for not at Stending the openiung ceremonies at Chicago Sof the World's fair, althouah invited on d behalf of the government and individually d by the United Stares guveornatnt. THE CONGRESS AUXILIARY Purely Intellectual Feature of the World's Fair Inaugurated at Chicago. Catholic Prelates, Protestant Min isters, and Women, on the Same Platform. The Nature of the Work of the Auxiliary set Forth In Arhbishop Ireland's Address. CmrcAoo, Oct. 21.-One of the brightest World's fair celebrations ooccrred tonight at the Auditorium when the Columbian congress, the purely intelleetual Ipert of the exposition, were inaugurated by Arch bishop Ireland, of $t. Paul. The broad character of the congresses is exemplified in the fact that while the orator was an archbishop of the faith of Rome, the bene diction was spoken by Dr. Wm. B. Harper, president of the new university of Chicas o. Not a less remarkable index was the cir cumstance that two addresses on the night's program were by women, Mrs. Potter Pal mer and Mrs. Charles Henrottin. From the vice president of the United SBtlte down a list of brainy and distinguished people, composed the magnificent gather ing. Not the least interesting persons were Cardinal Gibbons and the papal nun oio, 8atolli. The opening invocation this evening was impressively voioed by Rev. Dr. Barrows, pastor of the First Presbyter ian church, and chairman of the general committee on religious congresses. President Charles C. Bonney, of the World's Fair Congress auxiliary, then de livered a very brief address of welcome. The greeting on behalf of the woman's branch, by Mrs. Potter Palmer, was also brief, she saying the woman's branch, rep resenting the marvelous progress of women during the last four centuries, united most cordially in the greeting, and sends con gratulation to the leaders of that proarers in all enlightened lands. The salutation in honor of Queen Isa bella, was by Mrs. Henrottin, who said the assistance Columbus received from Queen Isabella enabled him to discover and reveal the American continents. Archbishop Ireland was then introduced by President Bonney and was received with tremendous applause. He spoke in part as follows: The greet eat of things ts mind. I Mind, conscious, in telligent, potent to put into action ry thought and wish, - e differentiates itself absolutely from mat ter, iise above it to in meas r a b heights, dominates e and moves the nn Sthinking world. Mind is the causative power AncnSanorP IaZLAND. in all orderly results. Without it, there o is nothing, or there is aimless movement e and chaos. The universe is the product of e the supreme mind-God inoreats. Within the universe there is created mind-man, Whatever, outside the workings of the first cause, comes in the universe of beauty, goodness and progress, oomesthrough man. He is, within the limits of God's creation, a second creator. The manifestations of a mind in men are of varied measures. The d degree of mind lifts man above man; the k higher the mind, the greater and the nobler the man. d through scenes of past ages, over which fancy delights to hover amid Columbian celebratione-Cordova's court, the hillside of La Riabida, Palos harbor or savage e Guanahani-one object more than aught else claims attention. We seek it out, we fix it upon the soti's eager eye. It is the fig k re of Christopher Columbus. The picture, Columbus unseen, whatever the remaining forms, whatever the coloring, is incom. ilete, meaningles; the spirit is abs e t; it is void of inspiration. Columbus is the mind, creating, directing the scenes, bring f in into them motive and ,purpose, prodoo ing end co-ordinating results. All else in heo scenes has value so far as it responds to the thoughts of Columbus, so far as it .e aids him to execute his plans. The queenly 0 and generous Isabella, the patient and far k seeing Juan Perez de Marohena, claim our esteem because mind in them understood and followed superior mind in Colum n bus. The solemn commemoration of the dis - covery of America has been allotted to the a United itates. It was the right and the duty of the fi!st nation of the continent to oluarge itself with the gracious task. She, as none other, is the giant daughter of the p ouress of the age; she, as none other, has the power to command the splendors which' should mark the commemoration. She hasl e inaugurated the exposition of Chicago. e I'roper, too, was it that among the cities of - the United ,tates Chicago be the chosen - one within whose portals the exposition be I enthroned. Chicago, fifty years ago the e trairns village, the stupendous city of the n present time, is the world's object lesson of progress. 'l he exposition of Chicago must be sur passingly great. lie there nothing wanting d in it that thought or skill, wealth or cooa iage crn bring hither. The exposition con memorntes a great event. It represents a i great age in the life of humanity; it pree *anes a greater age which is to be. To the d geatuness of the exposition is pledged tire honor of a great nation, end of its great a; nes a great city stands the sponsor. The d best that America can bring, the best the world owns, s;all soon be in Jackson palk. What may be added? I will give reply. What is there more important, more Sprecious, than matter, and all the forms i with which matter may be invested. Is i therse inoit mind? What is there greater than all the results of the thought, the i-latbor of men? Is there not man himself. the designer, the mnaker of his workst SlIring hither, then. mind. Bring men-not me ely the millons, anxious to see and to learn. Thse, do we need; they do not esuf tice. Bring the men whom the millions de sire to contemplante, and from whom thLIy Srosy receive valued leseonls. Bring the - thinkers, the workers, the scholars, the . aplostles of action, who have rendered pos sible, or have producr d the marvels which r will be housed in Jackson park, whose dreams rmake toward thire building On of d hulllrtity, wiose arieus reach oat to the in, provement of mci all along the lines of human progrss. Let us have the Colourm btrees ount il.te. I.Lt us have parliaments of the leaders of mten conroked from all tlands under the sonu. it 'rhe organization known as the auxiliary s congress is an lu.tegral pa t of the Colom is birun exosition, whore dlreetore authorize ,in rnd support it. It has received from the to United Stutis governmrent recognition and i. approval. Its special mission is to oganisell and oause to be held, during the several months alloted to the exposition, Interpe tional conventrons of the esholars and wo rters of the world along all the lines of Shuman progress in the varioUs departments * of civilized life, and in this way preser% go through the living voles of the obtef ators, n clear and esump-ehensive statements of the ly questiorns il all thie fields of activity, which vex to-day lhe souls of men. The ides is