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CIENCE'S SEARCH LIGHTI
r. Swallow Turns It on the Big tr Bone Found at Glie dive. t Belonged to a Huge Reptilan t Whose Blood Was o Cold. e Mad for Companions Im'mense Tar ties and Enormous Reptiles. Some Furnlshed with Wings. a To Trm INDPE3eiDNT: If you will In ulge me in a few more words about the al teresting bone described in Ta IJ5D- a -ZNZNT by Mr. Secretary Ramsey, I will o brief in settling a matter of great im- h rtance to science gnd humanity. Some P ave supposed this bone belonged to a g ,umau being some sixty feet in height, a' blohi, if true, would be a grand departure h tom what we had believed to be settled by w th revelation and science. Genesis eaches us that man was created last of all tl he animals, and science has shown nothlig a o the contrary. But, if this vertebra eamue s rom a human being, who lived in the retaceous period, many species of both nimals and plants eame into existence fter he did. Science, however, up to the I resent time, has not proved the existedoe t human beings prior to the end of the ertiary period, nor the coming of any a ther animal since man made his appear- b nce upon the earth. a But an examination of this vertabra u proves beyond all doubt and question that a it is not the bone of a human being nor of a any other animal nearer related to man t than an alligator. It did not even belong o to any animal whic sauckeled its young; o nor even to any ani &al that lays eggs and hatches them by incubation; but to an ani- t mal as low in the scale of being as a lizard, b and which laid its eggs in the warm sands and left them to hatch by the heat of the c the sun. If., as Agassiz said, he could a identify the species of a fish by a single p scale, it is much more obvious, we can d identify an animal by a single bone, more t certainly, if a vertebra, and far more cer tainly still, if it be a tooth. To illustrate our point: There is a large t tooth in the show window of Messrs. Gans 1 & Kleii, on the corner of Broadway and t Main streets. Although no one has seen the animal to which this tooth belonged, t still comparative anatomy teaches as it be- c longed to an animal as large as and similar a to the elephant in general characteristics. t So the same science teaches us that the ver- I tebra lying in the same window of Messrs. Gans & Klein belonged to a reptilian as much i like an alligator as any living animal in I general appearance, but much larger than t any reptilian now living, It belonged to one of the numerous species of huge rep tilians which lived in the region east of the Itocky mountains after that range was ele vated above the Pacific ocean. He had for companions fifty species of huge turtles, more than one hundred kinds of enormous eptilians, some furnished with wings, and many strange birds, some having heads and teeth like reptilians. Such was the character of the animal, whose bone is named above, and such were his numerous and voracious companions. The age in which he lived is proved by the numerous fossils found in the same rocks, whose age is well known. This one bone proves that its owner was a very large rep tile; his teeth were conical at each end and were set in the jaws without prongs or divi- I sion: his heart had three eavitips only, two auricles and one ventricle; his blood was cold; he breathed by lonngs; his species was propagated by eggs laid in the sand and left to hatch by the heat of the sun; his 1 body was covered with scales, and he could live in the impure air of his times. That single joint of the backbone proves all this and numerous other characteristics of the animal which might be mentioned. Some may wish to know how this bone proves all this, since it looks very much like any joint of the backbone of any ani mal, save it is a little larer than common. It has one single characteristic which proves all that I have said. One of the faces where this vertebra joined its fellow is concave and the other face is convex, a characteris tic found in the vertebrae of no animal but a reptilian. It is true that the vertebrae of some fossil reptilains have both ends con cave, as do some birds and all fishes, But one face concave and the other convex is absolute proof thebone belonged to a rep tile. The vertebrie of mammals, including man, have bhot hfaces alike. So our giant was a gigantic saurian. The question whether any human being lived in the cretaceous age is of such vital importance that I have deemed it necessary to make the proof very strong in this case. Many other proofs might be presented: but those above are absolute and conclusive. G. C. OWALLOw. HELENA, Oct. 30, 1892. . A DISCOVERY AT BUFTE. A Curious Copper Relic Found While Digging for Pure Water. While digging a well in the western part of the city a few days since a curious relio was discovered which, if the interpretation of the inescription is correct, conclusively proves that this country was known long before the time of Columbus, and was col onized during as remote a period as that of the Roman empire, says the Miner. The relic is of copper in the form of a serpent, to which a portion of some blue textile fabric has evidently been attached. The inscription, which time has nearly obliterated, after much latient investiga tion was found to read as follows: ANA CON DAF)O ItT HECA PITAL. The finder was much puzzled to decipher this inaorip tion, as, although some of the words were in the Latin language, yet the whole lacked that connection required to nmake intelli gent English. Happily be had in his pos session a copy of a rare old work especially devoted to ancient and obn0are inscrip; tlons. On looking thronugh the book th" following curious translation of the in sor iption was found, together with a foot note explaining more particularly the reasons for its first introduction. These are the words of the work itself: "It is a well known fact among students of Roman history, and Ias splecially noted by Gibbon in his 'Decline and Fall of the Ieo man Empire,' that towards the latter days of the empire the politics of the nation had become very foul. 'Ihe electors not being content with secretly selling themselves, actually made a business of openly offering their votes for sale. At length it became the practice during the progress of a cam I lgn for those who were the most unsorn pnlous to wear in public, pinned to the b east, a badge or symbol showing that the wearer was willing and anxions to barter his vote. O(no of thee badges, and as far as we can learn, that most generally nused, was inscribed with the words mentioned above: 'ANA CON DAFO lRT HECA PITAL,' a free translation of which is "You can have my vote for a dollar.' Men wear ing these badges openly could be at once recognized as those who had already sold or were willing to sell their vote for a trifle." Suoh is the extraordinary explanation of this curious relic. 1is it not true that his tory repeats itself. Legal blanks at thise ohfice. New ltie of crockery and china ware Just openedr at 'lh lee hlive, the bargain house of holena. Mointnn havlulrg Iiank Pays interaet on deposits of $1 or more. 5 per cent on on savings accounts. o I er ceit on time certificates. "eavinu is the seeret of wealth." 'lie Lee Hiive wll nt is, outdone for low rice& s.Oe their special offer in to-day's paper, MONTANA'S CATTLE QUEEN. .he laadles oer Own Cattle and Takes i Them to Chieaso. Mrs. Net Collins has arrived at Choteao from Chioago, She has been east with two car loads of beef steers, having left Great Falls Oct. 1. This I. Mrs. Collins' second trip east with eattle, her first ex erlenee having been made last season. She being the only lady in tbis state who has shipped eattle and followed them through on the train to their destination, is now known I throughout the country as the cattle queen of Montana. She had forty-two head of steers this trip. Abner, Platt & Co,. handled them for her in Chicago. Mrs. Collins saw her cattle unloaded, weighed and sold at the stuck Vards, and in reckoning up the proceeds l when the item of "shippers' fees, amount ing to $7,80, was ateched, Mrs. Collins entered a protest ageinst it being allowed, claiming that she was her own shipper and that if there were any fees for it she wanted them herself. And she got then:. She speaks very highly of the treatment she teceivsd at the hands of the trainmen I and stockmen in Chicago. Her cattle I brought her $8.75, After selling her cattle she went to Iowa and received payment for horses sold there llst fall. She visited the World's fair opening and prouounced it the grandest of anything the human a ind can conceive. The Montana building, the says, is a beauty and from what she saw and heard Montanians will be strictly in it when they attend the fair. She has gone to her ranch to arranage for the gathering and shipment of another bunch of horses about November 1. She may make another trip east this fall but if she does she will go on the passenger train. THE DAVIS WILL CASE. The Testimony of E. W. Knight, of Hel ena, Is Wanted by Another Heir. Some more documents have been filed in connection with the Davis will case. Eliza beth A. Smith, a niece of Andrew J. Davis, and one of the heirs to the estate, has com menced a proceeding to perpetuate te testi mony, says the Inter Mountain. The testi mony of E. W. Knight, cashier of the First National bank of Helena, is sought to be obtained in connection with Mrs. Smith's claim upon the estate. Mr. Knight's testi mony is wanted just as a precautionary matter in cieas he could not be secured at the trial or in case of death or accident to him. '1 he petition recites that A. J. Davis died on IMach 11, 1890, and left an estate valued at $5,000,000 and upward. The names of all the heirs and their place of residenoe are given. Lizzie Smith, the petitioner, is a daughter of Roxana Dunbar, who was a sister of A. J. Davis. The petitioner claims to be entitled to one twenty-second part of the estate. The object of Mr. Knight's testimony is to prove the existence of a will drawn about 1879 or 1880. If this is done it is expected to prove that the will said to have been made in 18(16 and by which John A. Davis gets a life maintenance and nearly all of the estate, is inoperative and void. It is claimed that W. W. Dixon, S. T. Hauser and E. W. Knight were made executors of the Helena will, who wele instrneted to keep the Lexington mine and mill in oper ation, and by the terms of that will noth ing whatever was bequeathed to John A. Davis. J. Howard Smith, of California, it the attorney in the case. Buy your bedspreads now at The Bee Hive special sale and seav 25 to 83 percent. This sale is for three days only. (old crowns, bridgework and nil dental operations at eastern prices. Dr. tkim min, 81xth and Mat,,. TRAPPED IN A BOX CAR. Fugitive Thieves From Livingston Caught at the Northern Pacific Depot. Yesterday at 6:30 a. m. Sergeant Callahan received a telephone call from the Northern Pacific depot to make an arrest. He and Officer Gibson went out to the east end of the yard and boarded a freight which was just coming in. When the train stopped the conductor unlocked a box car and three young men stepped out and were placed under arrest. The. car was searched and under some excelsior three nickle-plated revolvers, one old Colt's army style revol ver, three nickle watch cases, two silver watches and three knives were found. The conductor of the freight train had the men arrested on advices from Livingston that the men were wanted for robbing a pawn shop. At the station they gave their names as 'homs Ityan, Fred Witmer and Dave Rateel. Sergeant Callahan telegraphed Chief of Police Johnson, of Livingston, who will be here to-day. The Story of the Robbery. LIVINOSTON, Oct. 30.-[Special.]-About 12 o'clock last night the loan Sand pawn office of Wegel, For ester & Co., loeated in the Mon tans Investment company's building, was broken into and a quantity of watches and revolvers taken from the showcases. Ad mittance was gained by breaking two large plate glass windows in the front of the building. The breaking of the glass at atacted the attention of several passers by, but the work was done so quickly that before an officer could be called the rob bers made their escape. At an early hour this morning it was learned that three or four men answering the description of those who were engaged in the robbery were seen entering a car on a train eoinag Swest soon after midnight. Conductor Dunn, who had charge ofat the train, was telegraphed and he detained the men in the car until its arrival in Helena, where they were placed under arrest. From a desecrip Stion of the men telegraphed from Helena the officers here are confident the right par a ties have been secured. 5 --- - - Ladies wishing fashionables dressmaing done call at the rooms of Misses ThomamS & hlnch ard. 306 Warren street. The Ben Hive's new store is now located at Noa 2". 23 & 20 South Main street. ELkhoer and Old Baldy itallroad Com Spany. Notice is hereby given that books for re ceivinc subscriptions to the capital stock of the Elkhorn and Old Baldy Railroad corn nany will be opened on the 10th day of - November, A. D., 181)2, at the parlors of - the Filet National bank at Helena, Mon Stana. 5 '1hatatsaid time and place and ftmm that time forward sabseription to the capi 5 tal stock of the said railroad company will y be received. T'. H. KIraINeCHMIDT, GOr. H. HILL, , HW. It. LooAn, 3 E. W. KNIlIIIr, Ja., g HEaNrY H. HILL. r No. s22. 24 aid 2I SBoth Main street is the new e location of Tie l Iee ilive, where the Intet varied Sst e(k of good in thie city can be fontld. l)ry goods, fancy goods, cloaks, notions, toys, holi day goods. tinsware, clacwware, crockery. woll onware, etc.. etc. An inspelction of their niow a quarters will amply repay oue. r For RtsL S Eighteen furnished rooms, to good reli. Sable party. leesonable terms. lnquire of SStadler & Kaufman, 18 Edwards street. R X441% ORPRICE'S q 1U.lBakingi Uj.Powdei: ( The only Pure Crcum of Tartar Powder.-No Ammonia; ]go Alum. (Used in Millions of Homes-4o Years the jtandard T, PAUL'S WAS PACKEOD,( tev. J. Wesley Hill's Lecture on Four Years Among the Mormons. oeply to a Letter From One Too rt Cowardly to Bign His dI Name. 'ersonal Esperlences Among the Mor mons-Converted Ills I'ulplt late a Mural I'arapot. Last evening another mammoth congre lation packed every nook and corner of it. Paul's Methodist Episcopal church un- ai lit there was not standing room, and even then hundreds were turned away. The church will comfortably seat over 500, but with the extra chairs, benches and boxes brought into requisition, it is estimated that at least 6t0 were present. 1tev. J. Wesley Hill lectured on "Four Years Among the Mormons," and he gave views of the evil that to many were startling. which, together with the incidents con stituting his personal experience, afforded u an hour of thrilling interest. Before be- A ginning the lecture he announced that on next Sunday evening he would lecture on 'For Whom Shall 1 Vote?" "Before be ginning my lecture," he said, "I feel called upon to briefly reply to an anonymous let ter which I received last evening. Ordi narily a letter coming from one too cow ardly to sign the z,ame should be given to the fire without notice. but as this one touchte a point of general interest, ques tioning as it does the present practice of polygamy, I fell called upon to comment upon it. "First, this letter contains an extract from the recent report of the governor of Utah upon the question of polygamy. The essence of this report is that Gov. Thomas does not 'believe that any polygamous mar riages have occurred during the year by the consent of the Mormon leaders,' and that his 'conviction is that there is a sincere in tention upon the part of the Mormon peo ple not to approve or sanction plural mar riages in the future,' etc., but the clipping furnished me by my anonymous Mormon friend does not contain all of the gov ernor's report, for the scissors served to a better advantage than the report; qonse quently, with an air of great honor, the latter part was clipped off, which I willnow read: 'To be sure, it will take some time; it may be years before the practice of un lawful co habitation will entirely cease.' Now, with reference to this report, let me say, first: Gov. Thomas does not speak au thoritatively upon the subject; he does not deal In statistics, but in 'belleds and convictions.' He says. 'I believe and 'I am convicted'; and even in his be liefs and convictions he is evasive, for he does not say that polygamy has ceased, but simply that it does not occur under 'the consent or permission of the Mormon lead ers.' It is very convenient for the Mormon chiefs, in order to assure statehood, to an nounce a manifesto against polygamy, with the tacit understanding that the people may practice it, but without their ool;sent. But the governor clinches the report with the statement that it is not dead and will be practiced for years. This latter lausee exactly tallies with the late report of the Utah commission, which I hold inmy-hand. It announces that "more than three hun dred persons are known to be living in po lygamous relations." And I may add that If that many are known, in all proi ability several times as many are practicing it clan destinely, for the greater number of crimes are never known to the law. "One thing is sure, all pretenses of re formation on the part of the Latl;er Day saints have been forced by a prepeiderance of public sentiment in the larger dt ties and is only for the purpose of deceivinl, the na tion and making sure the poedtbility of statehood, when all the laws agair st polyg amy will be in the hands of pol,'gamistr. These prolessions of purity and i'eforim are loudly preached in public, but laid aside in private for the covert practices of all the typical abominations of the creed.. It is the old story of 'The angel's face with the devil's purpose.' One hand full of bribes and Fromises for the nation, the other full of treasonable weapons with which to guard the bloody and locked chambers of anguish and wee. These unotnous Turks come to the golden gate of stritehood with the wooden horse of reformatiovn, but when once admitted to the sacred enclosure it will be found that the wooden horse was full of polygamists, and the Mc rmon mol och will erect his crimson altar beneath the flag of state sovereignty all the hor rors of the past will be re-en acted, while the prieatlhood will treat with cynical contempt the virtue, pur ity and patriotism upon whiac rests the superstructure of civil libbery." At this point Mr. Hill went into the narration of his personal experience amcaig the Mor mons, beginning with his appointment to Ogdea in 1888. He at that time found a city in the hands of the Mfarmon church and "the very air full of intimidation." Bat he took firm hold of the saituation and dared to face the Bluebeard ion his den. He converted his pulpit into a moral parapet from which he began a bo ntbardment of the barricades of ignorance and supersti tion, which course at times jeopardized his life. But true to the sense of duty he kept up the bitter fight until, at the city election, Mornon rule was ended in Ogden and the firea of eastern civilization, were kindled upon the altar and the brimner of liberty unfurled. loon after this the Methodists began the erection of a new church, which last spring was completed at a cost of $75,000. The membership of his cehrch increased from thirty to 400, iiid the, whole city, free from Mormon dominion, pressed forwardl to achievements that have given it a i rond place among the commercial centers of the west. The Utah university of the Metho dist Episucopal chu ch was eso located there and has one of the moat picturesque loca tzons of any institution in the land. When completed it will be one of the powerful factor n in the disintegratiun of the Mo men religion. At the close of the lecture Mr. Hill invited any of the congregation for ward who desired to see the interior and exterior of the church bui,l in OgRdon dur ins his pastorate. Large numbeis re eponded and expressed gr est surprise that snuch a structure could hare been built in a region that has so loni been neglected by civilization and cursed by the heel of bigotry and euterstition. Mr. Hill raised much of the money for the church in the east, suteiutended its con structlon and as a result it is now regarded. by tourists as the finest edifi8ce between Denver and tan Fran cisco. The lltieona nlop. by Mrs.. H. t8iion, for sale at Jackerir Music Htiro. The Pee fllivr is the leader of low prices and othera mulst follow ir ataun, in the ibackgrounld. 11ELENA IN 1 IttlF. Jaekson's music store. E alley block. COSMOPOLITAN - * OTJL AND MEn)TAURANTo Why ls the Ceomepolltaa the Leeadig Hotel ? First--Or rates are reasouable, $1.25 and $1.50 pC pr day. I, oland 'We give a firstGlass service for the money. ' ulird-Meals are served at all boorrs, day and .ourth-The dining room is presided over by lrJf( Yo, ctn order what you want and pay -for what y luet, Hztxh- You o not havre to help pay the hotel dkul h.wtl' pbidl. 8sour terms are strictly rash. tleventh--j mtriao0ars pass t|he house every 15 ighth - And last, if yo will find one man that sey tlle are nt all factr We will give, you a flve-carat Montana Sapphlre. I. C. BUIIAR2D. PROPRIETORB. The McDonald House. 018 NORTHl MAIN ST. El-,ntrlo Light oUNcG Mc00f0L , Proprietor. BROADWAY FISH MARKET S" " 122 IBroadJway. s A. G. nMIITH, Proprietor. Turkeys. Hbrilng Chiekens, Fowls. leadrquar tero for Oysters lall.on, Halibut ant Hrelte. All kinds or California b ruit. Prompt delivory. Low prices for cash. Telephone 57. WOrders tak n at Sam Herz's 6th Av Mlllor(l tei S for angln err I or carload. CAMERON FUEL COMPANY, ' ILEPHONUE 2:32. THE "J ] [ _ S 1.9 Livery, Cab and Transfer COMI PAN Y. Successors to Plaoneer Hack Company. LIVERY RIGS AND HACKS 01F Tll' FINIEST. Special Attention Paid to all )rdars. T '2"o- I W. M. olbolrot, Manag~er, * St. Vincent Acadeny. The Musical Department oft t. Vincent's Academy during the present ncholatio year will be in charge of Sister Mary Zoe a " e ASSIBTED BY a Mliss lizzie O'J.eil Thorough Instructors in every branch of the art. Miss O'Neil's stacialties are harp, uiano and voice-culture, and that she ie higl qualifiedal may be udgrod from the fact tta she has tateon a five-year's course of trlinioag under noted SEUROPEAN PROFESSORS. - Rtudie will be resumed in St. Vincent's a the first Tuesday of September. .Montana Sapphires SCUT. 16 ~f $ . 0 A Carat, (finished isa weight) our patent 1h Diamond cut. it SA Carat, (finished qto $2. weight) ordinary :- Sapphire cut. ill of D. DeSola lend s & Co. d " 61-b3 Maiden Lane, 4- BT.. - Y"-ORXf . ll _ "Common Sense" Sleighs. Wagons, Carriages, Etc. S. C. ASH BY. "'"""' Os"L" .AT THE OLI STAND The oldest frult S wl po- t stablished 1889. dia hoisluaO in U1ojtatia. Lindsay & Co. -DEA1LEIIS IN - FRUIT AND PRODUCE. IIKLENA. MONTANA. ('wlforn+ FritsPole (trlnru r.itn. I Iberjval Ao Rtt ,Vk'aaiugtu brruits. itguIanlt fnr Utah Fruita. f in liin ii ud onvrurd tOr. po- Car Lots. r' h Jrrsny Lw.ut' t' Bati. O O e&. ARTITUR I8i. .lOMIIIAR " I!IL* ENI;INEER No. 43 Montana Nattionnl Bunk Building, Holena, Mont U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. IIICEIMTVOi Re, eVANALS AND IRRMIGATION WOIIKO A aPSOWALTL. T. C. POWER & GO. Dealer- in Farm anl2 Mininq Machinery of every ]description, and State Agents for the "Old Hr:liable" Schu.ttler end "Bone Dry" Hushford Farrn, Quartz and Loqggin Wagons. THay 'ulara, Baling Ties, a3nrb Wire, etc. Steamboat block, corner Helena avenue and Main Street. The Helena Jewelry Go., " " DEALERS IN a " MONTANA SAPPHIRES o MOUNTED. Watchmakers, Jewelers ani Engravern. Manufacturers of Jewelry from Native Gold and Silver ASH PIERCE. MANAGER. A. J. Dad de & Co. have removed R.from Helena Aveno to hatioil_. A veane and Northern PFaetfio rail. I road. BAIN WAGONS, [HAY, GRAIN AND FEED. We are still offering a fine assortment of Buggies and Implements at Cqst. WEISENHORN CARRIAGE MANUFACTURING CO, -ALL KINDS OF Carriages and Wagons Made to Order. Repairing and Painting Promptly Attended to. IELENA AVE., ADJOINING STEAIIMBOAT BILOCK. TELEPHONE 121. Mielena Lumber Gempany AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED GALT COAL "--ALSO DUALEII IN-e Rough and inishing Lumber, Shingles, Laths, Ioors, Sash and lunmbr, Tolepheaemo City Omc.e Room 8, Thompson BloeekIs Mal Sreet Opposite Oran Ceatral Ht"eL MONEY TO LOAN 1zN. STTVIS TO SITIT. On Improved City and Farm Property, for One, Two, or Three Yearl at lowest current rates of interest. WVILLIAM DE LACY, ROOMS 21 AND 22. GOLD BLOCK. HELENA. MCNT. POINTS OF MERIT. LEWIS SHIRTS UNDERWEAR TO LEWIS ORDER Long Australian Wool. Best Materials. Fine Guage-Elastic Stitch, Good Fit. Ily whlch shrinlkag i. greatly overcome. The Only Patented Yoke, Prices Equal to Value. Full Fashioned. 11 ace call and examine bofre buying Money Expended at Home. Reed, Craig & Smith Co. GOLD BLOCK.