CIENCE'S SEARCH LIGHTI
r. Swallow Turns It on the Big tr
Bone Found at Glie
t Belonged to a Huge Reptilan t
Whose Blood Was o
e Mad for Companions Im'mense Tar
ties and Enormous Reptiles. Some
Furnlshed with Wings. a
To Trm INDPE3eiDNT: If you will In
ulge me in a few more words about the al
teresting bone described in Ta IJ5D- a
-ZNZNT by Mr. Secretary Ramsey, I will
o brief in settling a matter of great im- h
rtance to science gnd humanity. Some P
ave supposed this bone belonged to a g
,umau being some sixty feet in height, a'
blohi, if true, would be a grand departure h
tom what we had believed to be settled by w
th revelation and science. Genesis
eaches us that man was created last of all tl
he animals, and science has shown nothlig a
o the contrary. But, if this vertebra eamue s
rom a human being, who lived in the
retaceous period, many species of both
nimals and plants eame into existence
fter he did. Science, however, up to the I
resent time, has not proved the existedoe
t human beings prior to the end of the
ertiary period, nor the coming of any a
ther animal since man made his appear- b
nce upon the earth. a
But an examination of this vertabra u
proves beyond all doubt and question that a
it is not the bone of a human being nor of a
any other animal nearer related to man t
than an alligator. It did not even belong o
to any animal whic sauckeled its young; o
nor even to any ani &al that lays eggs and
hatches them by incubation; but to an ani- t
mal as low in the scale of being as a lizard, b
and which laid its eggs in the warm sands
and left them to hatch by the heat of the c
the sun. If., as Agassiz said, he could a
identify the species of a fish by a single p
scale, it is much more obvious, we can d
identify an animal by a single bone, more t
certainly, if a vertebra, and far more cer
tainly still, if it be a tooth.
To illustrate our point: There is a large t
tooth in the show window of Messrs. Gans 1
& Kleii, on the corner of Broadway and t
Main streets. Although no one has seen
the animal to which this tooth belonged, t
still comparative anatomy teaches as it be- c
longed to an animal as large as and similar a
to the elephant in general characteristics. t
So the same science teaches us that the ver- I
tebra lying in the same window of Messrs.
Gans & Klein belonged to a reptilian as much i
like an alligator as any living animal in I
general appearance, but much larger than t
any reptilian now living, It belonged to
one of the numerous species of huge rep
tilians which lived in the region east of the
Itocky mountains after that range was ele
vated above the Pacific ocean. He had for
companions fifty species of huge turtles,
more than one hundred kinds of enormous
eptilians, some furnished with wings, and
many strange birds, some having heads and
teeth like reptilians.
Such was the character of the animal,
whose bone is named above, and such were
his numerous and voracious companions.
The age in which he lived is proved by the
numerous fossils found in the same rocks,
whose age is well known. This one bone
proves that its owner was a very large rep
tile; his teeth were conical at each end and
were set in the jaws without prongs or divi- I
sion: his heart had three eavitips only, two
auricles and one ventricle; his blood was
cold; he breathed by lonngs; his species was
propagated by eggs laid in the sand and
left to hatch by the heat of the sun; his 1
body was covered with scales, and he could
live in the impure air of his times. That
single joint of the backbone proves all this
and numerous other characteristics of the
animal which might be mentioned.
Some may wish to know how this bone
proves all this, since it looks very much
like any joint of the backbone of any ani
mal, save it is a little larer than common.
It has one single characteristic which proves
all that I have said. One of the faces where
this vertebra joined its fellow is concave
and the other face is convex, a characteris
tic found in the vertebrae of no animal but
a reptilian. It is true that the vertebrae of
some fossil reptilains have both ends con
cave, as do some birds and all fishes, But
one face concave and the other convex is
absolute proof thebone belonged to a rep
tile. The vertebrie of mammals, including
man, have bhot hfaces alike. So our giant
was a gigantic saurian.
The question whether any human being
lived in the cretaceous age is of such vital
importance that I have deemed it necessary
to make the proof very strong in this case.
Many other proofs might be presented: but
those above are absolute and conclusive.
G. C. OWALLOw.
HELENA, Oct. 30, 1892.
. A DISCOVERY AT BUFTE.
A Curious Copper Relic Found While
Digging for Pure Water.
While digging a well in the western part
of the city a few days since a curious relio
was discovered which, if the interpretation
of the inescription is correct, conclusively
proves that this country was known long
before the time of Columbus, and was col
onized during as remote a period as that of
the Roman empire, says the Miner.
The relic is of copper in the form of a
serpent, to which a portion of some blue
textile fabric has evidently been attached.
The inscription, which time has nearly
obliterated, after much latient investiga
tion was found to read as follows: ANA
CON DAF)O ItT HECA PITAL. The finder
was much puzzled to decipher this inaorip
tion, as, although some of the words were
in the Latin language, yet the whole lacked
that connection required to nmake intelli
gent English. Happily be had in his pos
session a copy of a rare old work especially
devoted to ancient and obn0are inscrip;
tlons. On looking thronugh the book th"
following curious translation of the in
sor iption was found, together with a foot
note explaining more particularly the
reasons for its first introduction. These
are the words of the work itself:
"It is a well known fact among students
of Roman history, and Ias splecially noted by
Gibbon in his 'Decline and Fall of the Ieo
man Empire,' that towards the latter days
of the empire the politics of the nation had
become very foul. 'Ihe electors not being
content with secretly selling themselves,
actually made a business of openly offering
their votes for sale. At length it became
the practice during the progress of a cam
I lgn for those who were the most unsorn
pnlous to wear in public, pinned to the
b east, a badge or symbol showing that the
wearer was willing and anxions to barter
his vote. O(no of thee badges, and as far
as we can learn, that most generally nused,
was inscribed with the words mentioned
above: 'ANA CON DAFO lRT HECA
PITAL,' a free translation of which is "You
can have my vote for a dollar.' Men wear
ing these badges openly could be at once
recognized as those who had already sold or
were willing to sell their vote for a trifle."
Suoh is the extraordinary explanation of
this curious relic. 1is it not true that his
tory repeats itself.
Legal blanks at thise ohfice.
New ltie of crockery and china ware Just
openedr at 'lh lee hlive, the bargain house of
Mointnn havlulrg Iiank
Pays interaet on deposits of $1 or more.
5 per cent on on savings accounts.
o I er ceit on time certificates.
"eavinu is the seeret of wealth."
'lie Lee Hiive wll nt is, outdone for low
rice& s.Oe their special offer in to-day's paper,
MONTANA'S CATTLE QUEEN.
.he laadles oer Own Cattle and Takes i
Them to Chieaso.
Mrs. Net Collins has arrived at Choteao
from Chioago, She has been east with two
car loads of beef steers, having left Great
Falls Oct. 1. This I. Mrs. Collins' second
trip east with eattle, her first ex erlenee
having been made last season. She being
the only lady in tbis state who has shipped
eattle and followed them through on the
train to their destination, is now known I
throughout the country as the cattle queen
She had forty-two head of steers this
trip. Abner, Platt & Co,. handled them for
her in Chicago. Mrs. Collins saw her cattle
unloaded, weighed and sold at the stuck
Vards, and in reckoning up the proceeds l
when the item of "shippers' fees, amount
ing to $7,80, was ateched, Mrs. Collins
entered a protest ageinst it being allowed,
claiming that she was her own shipper and
that if there were any fees for it she
wanted them herself. And she got then:.
She speaks very highly of the treatment
she teceivsd at the hands of the trainmen I
and stockmen in Chicago. Her cattle I
brought her $8.75, After selling her cattle
she went to Iowa and received payment for
horses sold there llst fall. She visited the
World's fair opening and prouounced it the
grandest of anything the human a ind can
conceive. The Montana building, the says,
is a beauty and from what she saw and
heard Montanians will be strictly in it
when they attend the fair.
She has gone to her ranch to arranage for
the gathering and shipment of another
bunch of horses about November 1. She
may make another trip east this fall but if
she does she will go on the passenger train.
THE DAVIS WILL CASE.
The Testimony of E. W. Knight, of Hel
ena, Is Wanted by Another Heir.
Some more documents have been filed in
connection with the Davis will case. Eliza
beth A. Smith, a niece of Andrew J. Davis,
and one of the heirs to the estate, has com
menced a proceeding to perpetuate te testi
mony, says the Inter Mountain. The testi
mony of E. W. Knight, cashier of the First
National bank of Helena, is sought to be
obtained in connection with Mrs. Smith's
claim upon the estate. Mr. Knight's testi
mony is wanted just as a precautionary
matter in cieas he could not be secured at
the trial or in case of death or accident to
'1 he petition recites that A. J. Davis died
on IMach 11, 1890, and left an estate valued
at $5,000,000 and upward. The names of all
the heirs and their place of residenoe are
given. Lizzie Smith, the petitioner, is a
daughter of Roxana Dunbar, who was a
sister of A. J. Davis. The petitioner claims
to be entitled to one twenty-second part of
The object of Mr. Knight's testimony is
to prove the existence of a will drawn about
1879 or 1880. If this is done it is expected
to prove that the will said to have been
made in 18(16 and by which John A. Davis
gets a life maintenance and nearly all of
the estate, is inoperative and void. It is
claimed that W. W. Dixon, S. T. Hauser
and E. W. Knight were made executors of
the Helena will, who wele instrneted to
keep the Lexington mine and mill in oper
ation, and by the terms of that will noth
ing whatever was bequeathed to John A.
Davis. J. Howard Smith, of California, it
the attorney in the case.
Buy your bedspreads now at The Bee Hive
special sale and seav 25 to 83 percent. This sale
is for three days only.
(old crowns, bridgework and nil dental
operations at eastern prices. Dr. tkim
min, 81xth and Mat,,.
TRAPPED IN A BOX CAR.
Fugitive Thieves From Livingston Caught
at the Northern Pacific Depot.
Yesterday at 6:30 a. m. Sergeant Callahan
received a telephone call from the Northern
Pacific depot to make an arrest. He and
Officer Gibson went out to the east end of
the yard and boarded a freight which was
just coming in. When the train stopped
the conductor unlocked a box car and three
young men stepped out and were placed
under arrest. The. car was searched and
under some excelsior three nickle-plated
revolvers, one old Colt's army style revol
ver, three nickle watch cases, two silver
watches and three knives were found. The
conductor of the freight train had the men
arrested on advices from Livingston that
the men were wanted for robbing a pawn
shop. At the station they gave their names
as 'homs Ityan, Fred Witmer and Dave
Rateel. Sergeant Callahan telegraphed
Chief of Police Johnson, of Livingston,
who will be here to-day.
The Story of the Robbery.
LIVINOSTON, Oct. 30.-[Special.]-About
12 o'clock last night the loan
Sand pawn office of Wegel, For
ester & Co., loeated in the Mon
tans Investment company's building, was
broken into and a quantity of watches and
revolvers taken from the showcases. Ad
mittance was gained by breaking two large
plate glass windows in the front of the
building. The breaking of the glass at
atacted the attention of several passers by,
but the work was done so quickly that
before an officer could be called the rob
bers made their escape. At an early hour
this morning it was learned that three or
four men answering the description of
those who were engaged in the robbery
were seen entering a car on a train eoinag
Swest soon after midnight. Conductor
Dunn, who had charge ofat the train, was
telegraphed and he detained the men in the
car until its arrival in Helena, where they
were placed under arrest. From a desecrip
Stion of the men telegraphed from Helena
the officers here are confident the right par
a ties have been secured.
5 --- - -
Ladies wishing fashionables dressmaing done
call at the rooms of Misses ThomamS & hlnch
ard. 306 Warren street.
The Ben Hive's new store is now located at
Noa 2". 23 & 20 South Main street.
ELkhoer and Old Baldy itallroad Com
Notice is hereby given that books for re
ceivinc subscriptions to the capital stock of
the Elkhorn and Old Baldy Railroad corn
nany will be opened on the 10th day of
- November, A. D., 181)2, at the parlors of
- the Filet National bank at Helena, Mon
5 '1hatatsaid time and place and ftmm
that time forward sabseription to the capi
5 tal stock of the said railroad company will
y be received. T'. H. KIraINeCHMIDT,
GOr. H. HILL,
, HW. It. LooAn,
3 E. W. KNIlIIIr, Ja.,
g HEaNrY H. HILL.
r No. s22. 24 aid 2I SBoth Main street is the new
e location of Tie l Iee ilive, where the Intet varied
Sst e(k of good in thie city can be fontld. l)ry
goods, fancy goods, cloaks, notions, toys, holi
day goods. tinsware, clacwware, crockery. woll
onware, etc.. etc. An inspelction of their niow
a quarters will amply repay oue.
r For RtsL
S Eighteen furnished rooms, to good reli.
Sable party. leesonable terms. lnquire of
SStadler & Kaufman, 18 Edwards street.
( The only Pure Crcum of Tartar Powder.-No Ammonia; ]go Alum.
(Used in Millions of Homes-4o Years the jtandard
T, PAUL'S WAS PACKEOD,(
tev. J. Wesley Hill's Lecture on
Four Years Among the
oeply to a Letter From One Too rt
Cowardly to Bign His dI
'ersonal Esperlences Among the Mor
mons-Converted Ills I'ulplt late
a Mural I'arapot.
Last evening another mammoth congre
lation packed every nook and corner of
it. Paul's Methodist Episcopal church un- ai
lit there was not standing room, and even
then hundreds were turned away. The
church will comfortably seat over 500, but
with the extra chairs, benches and boxes
brought into requisition, it is estimated
that at least 6t0 were present. 1tev. J.
Wesley Hill lectured on "Four Years
Among the Mormons," and he gave views
of the evil that to many were startling.
which, together with the incidents con
stituting his personal experience, afforded u
an hour of thrilling interest. Before be- A
ginning the lecture he announced that on
next Sunday evening he would lecture on
'For Whom Shall 1 Vote?" "Before be
ginning my lecture," he said, "I feel called
upon to briefly reply to an anonymous let
ter which I received last evening. Ordi
narily a letter coming from one too cow
ardly to sign the z,ame should be given to
the fire without notice. but as this one
touchte a point of general interest, ques
tioning as it does the present practice of
polygamy, I fell called upon to comment
"First, this letter contains an extract
from the recent report of the governor of
Utah upon the question of polygamy. The
essence of this report is that Gov. Thomas
does not 'believe that any polygamous mar
riages have occurred during the year by the
consent of the Mormon leaders,' and that
his 'conviction is that there is a sincere in
tention upon the part of the Mormon peo
ple not to approve or sanction plural mar
riages in the future,' etc., but the clipping
furnished me by my anonymous Mormon
friend does not contain all of the gov
ernor's report, for the scissors served to a
better advantage than the report; qonse
quently, with an air of great honor, the
latter part was clipped off, which I willnow
read: 'To be sure, it will take some time;
it may be years before the practice of un
lawful co habitation will entirely cease.'
Now, with reference to this report, let me
say, first: Gov. Thomas does not speak au
thoritatively upon the subject; he does not
deal In statistics, but in 'belleds and
convictions.' He says. 'I believe
and 'I am convicted'; and even in his be
liefs and convictions he is evasive, for he
does not say that polygamy has ceased, but
simply that it does not occur under 'the
consent or permission of the Mormon lead
ers.' It is very convenient for the Mormon
chiefs, in order to assure statehood, to an
nounce a manifesto against polygamy, with
the tacit understanding that the people
may practice it, but without their ool;sent.
But the governor clinches the report with
the statement that it is not dead and will
be practiced for years. This latter lausee
exactly tallies with the late report of the
Utah commission, which I hold inmy-hand.
It announces that "more than three hun
dred persons are known to be living in po
lygamous relations." And I may add that
If that many are known, in all proi ability
several times as many are practicing it clan
destinely, for the greater number of crimes
are never known to the law.
"One thing is sure, all pretenses of re
formation on the part of the Latl;er Day
saints have been forced by a prepeiderance
of public sentiment in the larger dt ties and
is only for the purpose of deceivinl, the na
tion and making sure the poedtbility of
statehood, when all the laws agair st polyg
amy will be in the hands of pol,'gamistr.
These prolessions of purity and i'eforim are
loudly preached in public, but laid aside in
private for the covert practices of all the
typical abominations of the creed.. It is the
old story of 'The angel's face with the
devil's purpose.' One hand full of bribes
and Fromises for the nation, the other full
of treasonable weapons with which to
guard the bloody and locked chambers of
anguish and wee. These unotnous Turks
come to the golden gate of stritehood with
the wooden horse of reformatiovn, but when
once admitted to the sacred enclosure it
will be found that the wooden horse was
full of polygamists, and the Mc rmon mol
och will erect his crimson altar beneath the
flag of state sovereignty all the hor
rors of the past will be re-en
acted, while the prieatlhood will
treat with cynical contempt the virtue, pur
ity and patriotism upon whiac rests the
superstructure of civil libbery." At this
point Mr. Hill went into the narration of
his personal experience amcaig the Mor
mons, beginning with his appointment to
Ogdea in 1888. He at that time found a
city in the hands of the Mfarmon church
and "the very air full of intimidation."
Bat he took firm hold of the saituation and
dared to face the Bluebeard ion his den. He
converted his pulpit into a moral parapet
from which he began a bo ntbardment of
the barricades of ignorance and supersti
tion, which course at times jeopardized his
life. But true to the sense of duty he kept
up the bitter fight until, at the city election,
Mornon rule was ended in Ogden and the
firea of eastern civilization, were kindled
upon the altar and the brimner of liberty
unfurled. loon after this the Methodists
began the erection of a new church, which
last spring was completed at a cost of
The membership of his cehrch increased
from thirty to 400, iiid the, whole city, free
from Mormon dominion, pressed forwardl
to achievements that have given it a i rond
place among the commercial centers of the
west. The Utah university of the Metho
dist Episucopal chu ch was eso located there
and has one of the moat picturesque loca
tzons of any institution in the land. When
completed it will be one of the powerful
factor n in the disintegratiun of the Mo men
religion. At the close of the lecture Mr.
Hill invited any of the congregation for
ward who desired to see the interior and
exterior of the church bui,l in OgRdon dur
ins his pastorate. Large numbeis re
eponded and expressed gr est surprise that
snuch a structure could hare been built in a
region that has so loni been neglected by
civilization and cursed by the heel of
bigotry and euterstition. Mr. Hill raised
much of the money for the church in the
east, suteiutended its con structlon and as
a result it is now regarded. by tourists as the
finest edifi8ce between Denver and tan Fran
The lltieona nlop. by Mrs.. H. t8iion, for sale
at Jackerir Music Htiro.
The Pee fllivr is the leader of low prices and
othera mulst follow ir ataun, in the ibackgrounld.
11ELENA IN 1 IttlF.
Jaekson's music store. E alley block.
- * OTJL AND MEn)TAURANTo
Why ls the Ceomepolltaa the Leeadig
First--Or rates are reasouable, $1.25 and $1.50
pC pr day.
I, oland 'We give a firstGlass service for the
' ulird-Meals are served at all boorrs, day and
.ourth-The dining room is presided over by
lrJf( Yo, ctn order what you want and pay
-for what y luet,
Hztxh- You o not havre to help pay the hotel
dkul h.wtl' pbidl. 8sour terms are strictly rash.
tleventh--j mtriao0ars pass t|he house every 15
ighth - And last, if yo will find one man that
sey tlle are nt all factr We will give, you a
flve-carat Montana Sapphlre.
I. C. BUIIAR2D. PROPRIETORB.
The McDonald House.
018 NORTHl MAIN ST.
El-,ntrlo Light oUNcG Mc00f0L ,
BROADWAY FISH MARKET
S" " 122 IBroadJway. s
A. G. nMIITH, Proprietor.
Turkeys. Hbrilng Chiekens, Fowls. leadrquar
tero for Oysters lall.on, Halibut ant Hrelte.
All kinds or California b ruit. Prompt delivory.
Low prices for cash. Telephone 57.
WOrders tak n at
6th Av Mlllor(l tei
S for angln err I
CAMERON FUEL COMPANY,
' ILEPHONUE 2:32.
THE "J ] [ _ S 1.9
Livery, Cab and Transfer
COMI PAN Y.
Successors to Plaoneer Hack Company.
LIVERY RIGS AND HACKS
01F Tll' FINIEST.
Special Attention Paid to all )rdars.
T '2"o- I W. M. olbolrot, Manag~er,
St. Vincent Acadeny.
The Musical Department oft t. Vincent's
Academy during the present ncholatio year
will be in charge of
Sister Mary Zoe
a " e ASSIBTED BY a
Mliss lizzie O'J.eil
Thorough Instructors in every branch of
the art. Miss O'Neil's stacialties are harp,
uiano and voice-culture, and that she ie
higl qualifiedal may be udgrod from the fact
tta she has tateon a five-year's course of
trlinioag under noted
- Rtudie will be resumed in St. Vincent's
a the first Tuesday of September.
~f $ . 0 A Carat, (finished
isa weight) our patent
1h Diamond cut.
SA Carat, (finished
qto $2. weight) ordinary
:- Sapphire cut.
D. DeSola lend s & Co.
" 61-b3 Maiden Lane,
4- BT.. - Y"-ORXf .
"Common Sense" Sleighs. Wagons, Carriages, Etc.
S. C. ASH BY. "'"""' Os"L"
.AT THE OLI STAND
The oldest frult S wl po- t stablished 1889.
dia hoisluaO in U1ojtatia.
Lindsay & Co.
-DEA1LEIIS IN -
FRUIT AND PRODUCE.
(trlnru r.itn. I Iberjval Ao Rtt
,Vk'aaiugtu brruits. itguIanlt fnr
Utah Fruita. f in liin ii ud
onvrurd tOr. po- Car Lots. r' h
Jrrsny Lw.ut' t' Bati. O O e&.
ARTITUR I8i. .lOMIIIAR
" I!IL* ENI;INEER
No. 43 Montana Nattionnl Bunk
Building, Holena, Mont
U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor.
eVANALS AND IRRMIGATION WOIIKO
T. C. POWER & GO.
Dealer- in Farm anl2 Mininq Machinery of every ]description,
and State Agents for the "Old Hr:liable" Schu.ttler end "Bone Dry"
Hushford Farrn, Quartz and Loqggin Wagons. THay 'ulara, Baling
Ties, a3nrb Wire, etc. Steamboat block, corner Helena avenue and
The Helena Jewelry Go.,
" " DEALERS IN a "
MONTANA SAPPHIRES o MOUNTED.
Watchmakers, Jewelers ani Engravern.
Manufacturers of Jewelry from Native Gold and Silver
ASH PIERCE. MANAGER.
A. J. Dad de & Co. have removed
R.from Helena Aveno to hatioil_.
A veane and Northern PFaetfio rail.
[HAY, GRAIN AND FEED.
We are still offering a fine assortment of Buggies and
Implements at Cqst.
WEISENHORN CARRIAGE MANUFACTURING CO,
-ALL KINDS OF
Carriages and Wagons
Made to Order. Repairing and Painting Promptly
IELENA AVE., ADJOINING STEAIIMBOAT BILOCK. TELEPHONE 121.
Mielena Lumber Gempany
AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED
"--ALSO DUALEII IN-e
Rough and inishing Lumber, Shingles, Laths, Ioors, Sash and lunmbr,
Tolepheaemo City Omc.e Room 8, Thompson BloeekIs Mal Sreet
Opposite Oran Ceatral Ht"eL
MONEY TO LOAN
1zN. STTVIS TO SITIT.
On Improved City and Farm Property, for One, Two, or Three Yearl
at lowest current rates of interest.
WVILLIAM DE LACY,
ROOMS 21 AND 22. GOLD BLOCK. HELENA. MCNT.
POINTS OF MERIT.
Long Australian Wool. Best Materials.
Fine Guage-Elastic Stitch, Good Fit.
Ily whlch shrinlkag i. greatly overcome.
The Only Patented Yoke, Prices Equal to Value.
11 ace call and examine bofre buying Money Expended at Home.
Reed, Craig & Smith Co.
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