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THE DISCOVERY OF OREGON.
Ia 1540 Two Spanatuls Ceasted Along Where oape Blaele U. In 1540 the eyes of eivliled main I5t rested upon Oregon, when Cabrillo id Ferrer, sailinag under the Spanish gR, coasted along until they. reached as igt as Cape Blane, 418 degrees north latitdeo, which Cape Blanes, in the year of our Lord 1895. is in Curry eounty, Oregon. and only a few miles north of the California IIna writes John A. Wyethin Harpers Magazine, If Captains Cabrillo and Ferretr thrilled with enthusium In eontemplatlnl the poe sibilitiem of this portion of the rim of the North Amerlean aontisant, they saefelently coaealed it na their report to that king of theirs, Charles V., under whose reign Cor tea pillaged Mexioa, Pizarro robbed Peru and Almagro carried bask to Spain all that was portable of Chili, for nearly two hun dred years elapsed before another white man gazed upon itl Or perhape Charles was too busy to settle Oregon then, since he had settlements of a bloody kind with Francis 1. of France, with Germany, the Netherlands, 'unis, Algiers, and a single round with his holiness, Popes Clement VIL, spending more money in thse European pastimes than his able lientenants could steal from the murdered natives of the western world. Again a Spaniard, one Juoan Peres, in 1774, sailed as high along the coast as the fifty.fourth degree of north latitude, dis covered Nootka sound, and theoretically planted the flag of Castile and Aragon over this quarter of the earth and sea, while his colleaue. Bodegea, a year later, took in the ffty-eighth degree of north latitude, to gether with the remaining earth and sea, including Mount St. Elias, which was in sight. Up to this point everything was Spain's, but north of this a greedy Russian, who had long been engaged in building a town on the Gulf of Finland, had put in a prior claim, having hired a Dane, by name Vitrus Behring, to go ornising along the northeast coast of Siberia. This Dane discovered a sea which was named for him, and which the United States bought, or was supposed to have bought, Oct. 18, 18G7. Anyhow, they do not allow any other nation to go fishing in it. Behr ing also found out that it was only a few miles across from Siberia to America, and on July 18, 1741, he "discovered" the eoast of Alaska as far down as Mount St. Elias, and claimed everything for his master, Peter the Great, or rather for Elizabeth, the daughter, for Peter had been a saint since 1725. Honors were about even be tween Spain and Russia, but in 1778 Capt. t James Cook, a famous English navigator, who was afterwards fatally ran through the I middle with a javelin by a 8andwieh-Is lander, and then devoured in true can nibal style, same coasting along these shocres, saw that the country was good and veidently told it. for in 1875 a school of 1 British trading vessels swarmed in these I seas, and they have swarmed there ever d sines. c In 1790 the Frenoh navigators got up courage enough to get that far from home, t and entered into competition for trade on the northwest coast. It was, however, not until 1800 that France put in her claim to - Oregon, by virtue of her acquisition of the Spanish title to that vaguely bounded ter ritory, "Louisiana." In 171 seven American vessels found their way to this quarter of the globe. And one of these on May 11, 1792 (George Washington had been three years president), com manded by a Massachusetts Yankee, Capt. Gray, who distinguished himself by diecov ering and sailing into a broad and swift stream, "the waters of which were so per fectly fresh that the casks were filled with in ten miles of the Pacific." He named it Columbia river, after his vessel of that name. Of course he landed and claimed the country all alound, including the rivers and a fair share of the Paciho ocean. Property and Lives Lost. NEw ORLEANS, Oct. 30. -- A Pueblo, . Mexico, special says. Further particulars of damages and losses sustained by the recent overflow of the Saldo rive., in the state of Paxaco, show that thousands of acies of coffee and cane lands are inundated, and fully $300,000 damages those crops alone ° done. On the Hacienda of Pedro Cel.s, i 2,000 head of cattle were caught in the tor- I rent of water and swept into the ocean. Fully flfty persons lost their lives, Hun dreds of families were made homeless. Guaranteed Care. We authorize our advertised druggist to sell Dr. King's New Discovery for Con- j eumption, Coughs and Colds, upon this t condition. If you are afflioted with a L Cough, Cold or any Lung, 'hi oat or Chest trouble, and will use this remedy as directed. a giving it a fair trial, and experience no benefit, you may return the bottle and have your money refunded. We could not make this offer did we not know that Dr. King's ' New Discovery could be relied on. It never i disappoints. Trial bottles free at H. M. d Parchen & Co.'s drug store. Large size 50 cents and p1. Opportantsy. Master of human destiny am I, Fame, love and fortune on my footsteps wait, Cities and felds I walk. I penetrate Deserts and seas remote, and passing by 1 Hovel and mart and palace, soon or late I knock unbidden ones at eveiy gate. If sleeping, wake; if feasting rise before I turn away. It is the hour of state And they who followme reach every state Mortals desire, and conquer every foe Save death; but those who doubt or hesi- t tate Condemned to failure, penury and woe Seek me in vain and uselessly ismplorqe I answer not, and I retnrn no more. Jio. J. 1NOi.ia Nut fail ye not in this respect, Seize every opportunity to travel Over the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway. This is the advie of One. H. Hzarroza General Passenger Agent. Chicago. Ill S.TO(HOLDttI.DI ' Ml:ETING-THE AN Sntal reetiag of thie bo:ard and members of he N ,rkiirg ornaet's lilmef ior the election of the board for thie ,reanarg year tlnt for the trans action of tllert blrbiuess- d ,nay come bftore the br,,rd will he ohllh at ire. Hilman'., brecken ridge atrtet, ( et .i, 1892. DI.LIA A. KELLOGt, Secretary. hT.OTI('E TO CREI)ITORS-FSTATE O0 SWilliam N. Baldwin, dicr esel Naoti, is hereby given by the undersigned, ad irist'irator withlr he wll anexed of the estate ot Wiliam N. I llwin. dec*esed, to the credit ors ,,f, ald ail I,eruas havrg claiise against the rcni er-.ela-, to exhiitrit thea, with tIre alroessary eush. ri, .thin foer mtoalh after the first put lii atin of thisr notia, to the said admrinistrator ith rhti wt I snnrxrcl, at ttr law oalic,, of Mar. so e ulla, i. reom C. irld tiock. leiolna. Man lnarua lh,. salce Le.ng thie place for tio transao tion rf th ls sai estatein th ra i ai eatit te iontuy of Lewir alid ( lrebo WILLIAM DI. SMII i. Adniunirtrator with iti, wdi anrrlexer of tsle e Irrte 4,f VI ,liane N. Iialdwra, diacec.ad. Dated Cot re, 1--. AL IAS SUMMtONRi--IN 'ItHE JIHTlIrtt' cuirt oflthe iTrt~ SIlih it ditjrirct of lhe tare of idoalan, in aid far the cousty of Lewis and CtaLire. Idernfe tiurnurar. Mlaintit, va. Itry 1F furman, 'lea elato of Maontana seds greeting to the absve namred dendle.di: 'oc arr, her-by rorirrirrd tor rrlarsr inan action brirrilir agailsr yre by thrr aboir namcaied I-ala try initheldltriet court rl tns lirnt isralcial die trial of the tate o Mor ,ritaua, in and for tre rimr.ty rf Lewis and Clarre, and ta aaswer i he colraiilntr t.led therin. within ten dais taxclusive of the day of service) after IIe service on rel of thi; l uamlns, if iereid wii in thl couenty; or. If serve- out of thlns cortllr, but within this district .within twenty days: otherwiae within forry days. or judament by default wilt be taken against you, acordinag to the prayser of sard oomolainlt 'I ha said action is brought to obtain a divorce freer the dfenrlant. lray E. Snrma. 'i haitrh I cea. at action atliged is tire desertion af rae plaintiff by the deoendant without rsaaonablio cause, ansd adoltery committed bh the cldef-ldat, with a person neknowa to the plaintiffr at aI liuon. O.. at divers timwen aknown to plaintiff. And ryu see heosby netiteol tit if you fail to appou ad anawer the said eomplaint, al abve rerluirrd, the sadd p]aiatis wi I apply t, tire o srt for ehe relief dedmanddi in the complaint. Osesu under my band andtle seal of the die trictcourt of the First jedicial distriot of the slate of Monatana. in end for the county of Lewis a.rnd (.larke. this lath day uf Ot feat ..... in the year of our Lord, Distriet one thousand eight kandred and ninet-two. JOBN BEAN. Clerk. fly C. W. BUaTOy, I)DeUty (I lat Word, Smith it Ward, Attorneys for Plalrtiff. DR. LIEBIG & CO., OF THE Liebig World Dispensary, Of Chicago, Kansas City and San Francisco have scent one of their leading surgeons and physicians from the eastern division to meet all the patients in Montana who formerly have been visiting the New Merchants hotel from 1st to 4th of each month. Offices from Noq. 1 to 4 will be at 13 South Main St., Near Broadway, and not at the Merchants hotel. All persons from the country and outside towns in Montana will please meet the great eastern specialists who will arrive on Nov. 1 at the Helena offices of Dr. Liebig & Co., 13 South Main street. Persons suffering from diseases of the EYE, EAR, NOSE, THROAT, and chronic troubles of all kinds cannot afford to miss this oppor tunity of meeting the greatest east ern specialist directly from the Liebig World Dispensary, of Chicago. Chicago offices, 104 Randolph street; Kansas City offices, 301 West Ninth street; San Francisco offices, 400 Geary street; Butte City offices, 8 East Broadway. Any who are unfortunate enough not to be able to call on Dr. Dr. Liebig & Co. at 13 South Main street, from 1st to 4th, should write to any of the above addresses. 3onsultation and examination will oe free during this visit of the aorld's greatest specialist in Hele na. It is a well-known fact that the Liebig World Dispensary is the argest medical and surgical cor )oration in the world. Dr. Liebig t Co. were the first special physi ;ians to visit Montana. They are ere now, they have been here all he time, and they will be here in he future. MVlontana UniQersity. Jniversity Place, Near Helana FALL TERI BEGINS SEPT, S. Course of Instructlons 1, College. 2, lellege Preparato.ry. 3, Iasluess. 4, Nor val. 5, Iunlic. 6, Art. 7, Mllitary. Also satruetlon in Common Bramohea. Able astruclon, elegant buildlg. Send for Catalogue to the President. '. P. TOWER. A. M.. D. D. UNIMtON.--IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF the First judicial district of the state of lontana in and for the county of Lewis and 'larks. borta t ongtolder, plaintiff, vs. William W. olrglilder: defendant. 'Ihe state ou s,' tanas sends greeting to the bove llanwl:d~ drefenlan.t: Yen are here-by required t., appear in an action rne t a :i.i-t yop, b tnab v.nouni ed pleinuilt n the district court of the First judicial district f tho state of Montana, in and for the county of .cwi r an 1 Clarke. and to answer the complaint iled therein, within ten days (exclusive of the lay of er\icne) after the service on you of this mnisons, if e-rved within this county; or. if erved ont of this county, but within th. district ithi twrnty days; otherwise within forty days. ,ir judgment by default will be taken againetyoa according to the prayer of said comulaint. I r .-,t .,'tula is aroughto to outntl a decree ,f the courl dssolviug tihe bonds of nmatrimnony etoou tie p1laintiff and dlfendant. on Ihe rround of d,,ertlon of rlaintiff by defendant, ndl abandon o ont sinoe :he - -day of Augilst. hO,. all as more fully apt ears in the complaint n file in said court, to which reference is hereby Wade And yon are hereby notified that if you fail to ippear and nn-w. r the said complaint, as above equired, the said plaintiff will apply to the :our for th- r,'lief ,lenmadi,l'd Inthor complaint. (iven under my hanl and the seal of the diae •cict court of the t irst judiial dlistrict of tlhe state of Montana, in and for the .--- .---. cunty of Lewis and ('larko. hI eal First ie t rie !h day of Octbe1r. in the :Jud. Dist, oar of our L,ordi one thousand ('ourt. ) eight hundred and ninety-twao --.... JOHIIN (FAN, ('blrk. By HI. J. ('sszi)v. l)eputy ( lurk. Davild P. Carp nter, Attornoy for Pl)ainrtiff. G. B. LEBKICHER, Blank Books Maeufaetsrer of tke ladestreetlble Flat-Opealmg Blak Book., Ne Extra Cost ESTIMATES FURNISHED. Second Floor Herald Building. f rlI itISI iEI:TINrI. Ni TitK Is a,,,,iby gi\Hrl tHt thl, alttilal IIc'c1~ ilig i)f the Nv v. 1, r ,-t . I'ilv will ,,.l alt 1s o'clook noonI and coe at tlo i,.Cl ok . I.i. of said 'lay. S-r'rctary (;inmlral iraut lMining Company. ltJ ll',s, ctr. '. lrl2. 41 .+ JUST + C IREC .IeD. +. Two Cars of the Celebrated St. Louis A. B. C. Bohemian Export Beer. -= -THE BEST IN THE MAVIRKET.-, OPPBNHEI7V R -& TSCH, SOLE AGENTS. SPOKANE FALLS AND NORTHERN Et.A.LW.A.P'". 0 a BS ASON OF Io S. 0 " o0otenai Lake anil 81cal, THE NEW ELDORADO. Through from Spokane to Nelson IN TWELVE HOURS. Direct route to the COIIVILI V'ALLE., EITLE RLilut, BOUN I)RY CMRElE, PAL 1,, Ellt MroUN'tAIN, rAIIVIEW, TRAIL REEKI ROBBON, N h~L'ON. AALOURJ 'ILOT BAY, A1NIWORTH, KASLO sod all points in British Columbia. Commencinrr October 3, i auwng rs for Re1el stotake, 'frtl Cree, Kootenai az.d Slucai pointe will leave SIlpokane on 1 nndays and '.Lhnrsdoy to conm ct with s i deer C'olulnba at Northport on Tuesiays and Frida as THE GODES. Political, Civil, Civil Procedure. FOR SALE AT THIS OFFICL $2.50 Per Volume, NEW SIOUX CITY ROUTE S*EASTT. e Passengers for the East from Selena and other western points will find the NEW ROUTE via 3IOUX CITY and the ILLINOIS :ENTRAL R. R. not only desirable is to time and equipment, but one )f the most attractive, passing ,hrough Sioux City, the only Corn 7tlace City of the world; Dubuque, ,he handsome Key City of Iowa; "ockford, Illinois, a new manufao. uring city, that has become a 'world within itself," and Chicago, whose growth and enterprise is ,he wonder of the world. With tlegant free Chair Cars, and Pull. nan Palace Sleeping Cars on every airn between Sioux City and Chi. ago, and with a close connection with the Union Pacific trains at 3ioux City, the Illinois Central R. R -espectfully presents its claims fog he new and every way desiraby SIOUX CITY ROUTE. For folders and further parttict ars call upon local ticket agent, 4 tddress the undersigned at Man thester, Iowa. J. F. MERRY, Asst. General Passenger Agent. UHERIFF'S HALF - TIMOTHY WILCOX Ulantiff r. Pstrick A. i omer. defendant. Under an5d by virtue of an order of sale and dcrrroc of foreclosure and cale issued out of the district court of the First judicial district of the atoti of Montana. in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke. on the 11th day of Ocr,,ber. A. D. 1892. in the above entitled action, wherein Tim otlhy Witcon. the above name plaintiff, ob tained a judgment and decree of foreclosure and sale asumnst I'atriek A. tomer, defendant, on the 19th day of rptemrber. A. D. 1812. for the sum of $91.), e side interest. easts and attorney tees, which said decree was on the 19th day of Beptember, A. D. 1992. recorded in judg menr book No. "H" of said court, at page 1(t I am eommandod to aoll all those certain lots, ,leoe or parcel. of land, situate lying and being n the county of Lewis and ('larse, state of Mo tauns, and bounded and described as follows, to wit: ots number thirty.-one (Il)and thirty-two (82), in block uum:.er one hundred and thirtn-four(it) in the Ming addition to the ciety of Helena. on tas, asoording to the otticial plat thereof on ie If: the ohdio of the county recorder of said county of l wis and 'larks. Tieether with all and singular the tenement, eredirtamorte and aopurtonance thereou t~e b lonuin. or tn anywise aportaining. Ybslt notice is hereby given that on Friday the rti day of D . ,ll Mbe. A. D. 18.E . Sti2 o'clock m. of that dla, at the front dour of the erioc bouse. Welena, Lewis and Clarke conty. Mon sNo. Iwill, in ioelioneo to said ordero satle end degree or foreelours and scla. eell the sbon decribed oterty, x r. so much thereof as may he necesaary to satiefl y idj dgment. with itiutsi asid c,,sts, to the highest and beet bidder, for cash In hand,. ivenm ,noer my haal this 11th day of Octo ber, A. D. IoWL CHAS. hI. JEFPEtIUS. CheriJ. By ltiru Ii. JoinobO. Deunse iaoritt. "HENRY'S SPECIFICS." e lanowmed English Rlm it. SINFI1ALLIBLE CURE FOR 0 NERVOUS DEBILITY, PREMATURE DECLINE, BRAIN TROUBLE AND ORGANIC WEAKNESS, Ne matter froimi what eanse. ('o.ttinq no mln se-ls. Price 15. Whuleoals nsl retail druggisti suplIly thie deniond. Ilfosil iry bl r ri i Ilnit lc Sr t at·e and cnasa, ' h eo ihle .an be sent by mail sealed on r ceisit of souney. WILL YOU DO US A FAVOR? Learn about varnish enough to be able to take the proper care of it on your piano, house interior furniture, carriage, etc. Enough to distinguish between good work and vulgar. Enough to be able to get good work, if you have occasion. Enough to avoid disappointment in it. The People's Text Book will give you this slight knowledge-we send it free. The favor consists in your compelling the maker to put good varnish on your things. You can do i MURPHY VARNISH COMPANY. FRANKLIN MURPHY, President lead Offioe: Newark, New Jersey. Other Offioes: Boston, Cleveland, St. Louis and Chicago. Fatories: Newark and Chicago. INFORMATION. Remember this: The greatest line of railway operating between St. Paul or Minneapolis and Milwau. kee and Chicago is the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul. It owns and operates, under one management, 6,100 miles of track. Every day this road starts FOUR handsome, elegantly equipped pas senger trains from the Twin Cities that run through to Milwaukee and Chicago without change of cars of any class. TWO trains daily to St. Louis and Kansas City. The train service and general equip. ment of "THE MILWAUKEE" is not surpassed by any railway in America. It runs the famous and only electric-lighted vestibuled lim. ited train to Chicago daily-con. sidered the finest regular train in this country. It is the Offical Government Fast Mail line. If you are going to Chi cago, Milwaukee, or any point east or south, or to St. Louis or Kansas City, cut this out: Leave t. Paul B 7:35 a. m., arrive at Chicago 10 same evening. Levs t. Paul A 2:45 p. m., arrive at Chicago 6:4.1 next norning. Leave t Paul A 6:55 p. m., arrive at Chicago 7:6 next morning. Leave st, Paul A 80: p. m., arrive at Chicsoe I.l0"next morning. Leave t. aol A 9:15 a. n., arrive at St. Louis 7:$. 'next morning. Leave 6t. Paul C 7:15 p. in., arrive at St Leoui 6:1l5' next evening. Leas:1it. Paul A 9:15 a. m., arrive at Ianlsa City 7:00 next morning. . Leave Lt. Paul C 7:15 p. m., arrive at Kansas Ui T 8:00 next evening. A Dail. B Except unday. C Except Saturday. Palace sleepers on night trains. Parlor chair cars on day trains. Dining car service superb. Trains leave from St. Paul Union Deppt. No trains. For lowest rates to all points in United States and Cananda apply to any ticket agent or atidress J. T. CONLEY, Assistant Gen. Pass. Agt., St. Paul Minn. UMdIONS--IN THE DISTRICT COURT OP Sthtj First judicial district of the state of aontul in and for the county of Lewis and Clarka .lla ii. Slooum plaintiff vs. Theodore Shen ke rtv ando tlza o iunkenberg. defendants. The n tate of Montana sends greeting to the above mamed defendant s: You ae'e hereby required to appear isan action brought against you by the above named plain tiff in thisdistriot court of the First judicial diea triet of the state of Montana. in and for the county ulf Lewisand Clarke. and to answer the complain t fiied therein, within ten days ,exclusive of the day of service) after the service 01 you of this summons, if served within this Coenity or, if served out of this county, but within th iodistrict, within twenty days; otherwise within forty dais, or judgmeit by default will be taken anaiost you. according to the prayer of said comrl.iiut. he said action is brought to obtain a decree of this coourt for the foreclosure of a aertain mortgage described in the said complaint, and executed by the said defendants on the 1oth day of luay, A. D. 1819, to aecure the payment of a certain promissory note dated May B1. 1840. nade by the said 'lheodor thenkeonbsbr and Eltsa thnenlenberg. for the sum of $1l.4u, payable one year after date thereof, to the order tof the said lila B locum, with in terest tlre,.rn at the rate of 10 per cent per annum: the amount due upon said note and mortgage at tihe date of the commencement of ths action ubeing tli sum of $1,000. t. gether with interei t thireon at the rate of 10 per cent per annum Ifrom the 11th day of May A. i. 1891: the property embraced in and affected by said mortgage bh.lng all thlose certain lots, pieces or percels of lnd sitnate, lying and being in the Capitoi Hill.addition to the city ef Helena. in the county of Lewis and Clarke, state of Montana, particnlarly ilesribed as follows, to-wit: Lots numbered one, two, five and six. in block number one.,,vs said lota and block arem nnum .ered. designated and described on the plat of said ('apitol lEll addition on file in the ofioe of the county rest rder of said county of Lewis and Clarke; that tih, premies conveyed by said mort gage may be so hI. and the proceeds applied to the paymeit of said promissory note with inter est thereon, at thn rate aforesaid, and costs of suit, including 5125 counsel fees. and in case unoh proceeds rye not sufficient to pay the same, then to obtain sin execution against mid defend ants, Theodore Llnsukenberg and Eliza Shenken. berg. for the .l lalese remaining due, and also that the said del endants, and all persons claim ng by, througlo or nader them. may be barred and foreclosed of all right, title, claim, lien. equity of rsdem7 tion, and interest in and to said nortgaged prdntls,. and for other and further And you are h eby notified that if you fail to appear and anewB the said complaint, as above required. the sýtis plaintiff will apply to the court for the reli Of demanded In the said om plaint Given under mr bhand and the seal of the dis trictcourt of the First judicial distriot of the state of Montana. in and for the county of Lewie e and C(larke, this 24th day of Ult Seal ) sbe:t, in the year of our Lord. District one thousand eight hundred and (ýoort. ) nini4ty-two. _-_ JOHN BEAN. Clerk By C. W. iusnUM. Deputy hocrk. A. K. PRESCOTT 4DEALER IN, Marble and Granite MONUMENTS 4ANDP HEADSTONES Irlon Hlena. Fencing. Mieontaam 7MONEY TO LO.AN. On Improved Fars and City Property, AT REASONABLE RATES OF INTEREST. STEELE & CLEMENTS THE PELTON System of Power. The only distinctively new and important development re lating to Hydraulic Power that has been made in the last half century. Adapted to all conditions and every variety of ser vice where a head of 30 feet or more can be obtained. 2,500 Wheels Now Running ALL CIVILIZED COUNTRIES PELTON WATER MOTORS, Varying from the fraction of I up to Ioo h. p. Un equalled for all light running machinery. Warranted to de velop a given amount of power with one-half the amount of water required by any other. .- NOTIGE. The great stccess that has attended the introduction and operation of the Pelton Water Wheel has led to many imita tions and some infringements of the various patents of this company. Intending purchasers are hereby warned that all such infringements will be vigorously prosecuted, and that the users of wheels so infringing as well as the manufacturers will be equally responsible. Applications should state the amount and head of water, power required, what it is designed to run, with approximate length of pipe line. Write for catalogue. Addess, The Pelton Water Wheel Company, 143 Liberty Street, New York.