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MRS. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUI
the Little #kteh History Gives of th . r..lat Dtseoverer's Wife. Nou oitory of Columbus is complete I these dyP without more than a passin allusion to Felip Monte de Palestrella, h wife. It is a pity we knowo more of he Doubtless her influence kept him from die oonuriement in many an hour of darknese When Columbus entered Lisbon he we in thp full prime of manly strength an beauty. about thirty-five years old, tall, c almost perfect proportions, and of nobl and dignified demeanor. His face we rather long, but ruddy with health, his hal blonde, his eyes light, but kindly and in telligent. He was exceedingly modest i; his apparel, as became the son of a woolel weaver, and he was affable to all, but di. nifed always. To crown all, he was moe assiduous in his attendance upon religion services, and while in Lisbon he heard mas daily at the church of the convent of Al Saints. In the convent were a number of you;n ladies of the world, placed there to be odn eated; they, too, were attendants at th daily mass. One of these was much at tracted by the grave young stranger, whoa fair color and light hair made him con spicuous In this dark-eyed, black-haire, Lisbon congregation. Is it any wonder that the blue eyes o Columbus saw the admiration in Felipa'r face, or that the soft luster of the dark eyes of the Lnsitanian maiden burned its gentli way into the heart of the young Genoese? For some time Felipa and Columbus dui not meet outside of the churoh, but witt the tenacious faith which was the main spring of his whole life, Columbus believed that the day would come when the story their eyes had told would be translated into words. At last fortune favored them and they met. The meeting was but the seal of that which had been; his eloquence won her mind as completely as his manly grace had already japtivated her heart, while the beauty of her character, as he soon learned to know it, L-ut crowned the victory gained at first by her beauty. The supreme mo ment at last arrived when they said to each other, "I love you." Columbus was poor; indeed, he often found himself pinched for means, and out of his slender income he felt himself obliged to assist his father, who, poverty-stricken in his old age, lived at aveona. By a strange and altogether happy dis pensation of providence, the promised bride of the great discoverer was the daugh ter of a well-known navigator and Italian captain, Bartolomeo Perestrella, who was a sharer in the enthusiasm and some of the voyages of that famous Portuguese navi gi.tor. Prince Henry. Perestrella was one of the three enthusiasts who, sailing farther in one direction than any Portuguese had before attempted, rediscovered the Island of Porto Santo, one of the Madeira group. This island was given to Perestrella in honor of the discovery. Perestrella died, leaving Porto i~anto to his children. It was a portion of this barren heritage which formed Felipa's only fortune. Strong in their love, Columbus and his Italian sweetheart felt that together they could face the bitterest trials anul the great est deprivations. In a short time, about 1473 or 1474, they were married, setting up their modest Lares and Penates in Lisboni. Felipa's widowed mother lived with them. Here for a time they dwelt most happily, but the bee was already buzzing in Colum bus' bonnet and a growing friendship and peculiar affinity for Felipa's brother-in-law, Pedro Correa, induced him to move to Porto, where Pedro lived. Columbus and his Felipa made them selves a pleasant home in this then obscure corner of the world, and lived most peace fully, rejoicing in each other and in a son, who was boln to them and whom they named Diego. After this we get from history little more knowledge of Mis. Columbus, as she will doubtless be called by many of the visitors who see the relies of the Porto Santo home at the World's fair. How long she filled his life, perfect with domestic peace, we do not know. The last mention of her is in the will of her husband, who directs that masses be said for the repose of her soul. KALISPELL. Kalispell is a young and growing city of over 2,OCO inhabitants in which the fl ast building was erected in May, 1891. It is the geograpical cen'er of the Flat. head valley,'and a divisional point on the main line of the Pacific extension of the G:o t- Northern railroad. Several miles of side track. a r :und hous e, coal yards, and a freight depot havJ a'ready been bui t. and a handsome two story brick and eton' passenger depot, which when completed, will be the finest on the line of this road west of St. Paul, is now under construct'o i. Steamers plying on t e waters of lFlathoad lake and river ri a I th:, head of nI v'gation at Kalis I ell. thu4 affordirg transportation fail ities o :he Nott ern 'nacilic rair, ad. 'J h' ,n tructioa of a n w ralro id has Ie, n ,. mmence l fr,,m the mining cen ters o' t',o slate to t· e in men e co:1 field :in th: nor: horn pe!rt or thI' Flan head val ov, v,;h .h pa .ilg g'.rough Eual isp l, will g.ve h r cho ap and dirert comalmnilation w:th L'utte. I:elena and all roints south, an!d ,p nI a ready mar ket fr prt w t't of the valley, all of which, from her :eograph ical lovati n, will necessrlriy center at lha'isp ll: wl,ilt, the natural g alics from Ih' m no.;' and i0o fields of tloe surroundieg 01oun1 try, the cheap and unlimitited sun'ply o"' fuel, t.rg theor with the, great wt. teo p.w,.r at her very dcrcrs, will make Kal. i.petll tt.e smiit-t ing renll r of this portion of ti ,o tato. It is already the supply point for th i army of miler,: arnd p:os pector o01e'rating in the North and South forks and the Kotenai mnin ing, regions, and , ith h r three; strl,: nI;tional hb'rlks. hel can have no rival as lthe inancial center of the whole Flathead region. Accord n., to plbi,lithod statistics, no city of her else ru the United Stat e; .n boasl of so tin,, a system of Iv. t r work;s and electri:c light. 'The sasteni c.m pr:a s.c\ven rnilh of pIil e, ihydlra;nts at every street intcrse"'i ii, and pumlp:; with a capacity ei,,al to those of Ithr Butte system The total cost of the plant is upwards of $125,tA 0. A brick brewery has just been corn pleted with a capacity of 1.0,i barrels per month, .having the liot at impllrovld machinery. and operlt.id by men of Ii n., stillnding .aid eu,'cssful exlpriein e in t Moir line'. Numerous substantial brink bus lness blocks have been constructed witlin the i ast season. ;Ind many fine resid n ea lire now going up through out the town. Liberal indrllments will be offered to -a" iufactories. 1'o l1hfin;, is a lis' of' industries which wv-uhil tiud Kalispell a most promising p,l t t.t tvi,ich to locat": "1~-Ih:l 1:d1 dour facto y. furniture fac tory. pouttry w\or'ks. tub, lucket and box fi ot.rv. aaver mill. saarch factory. How long that soul had been separat froms his history does not tell us Sow much we owe to Felipa's helpful e thusiasm and to the letters and doenmer of her father, Bartolomeo PreleetreU whihob, at her marriage earm into npose sion of Columbus, is uncartais. Neith can we tell how much the mind of t future diesdoverer of America was inbueno by the peasion of navigation and discove which seems to have been hereditary in t Perestrella family. Hllgh Nile in Egypt. This le the time of High Nile in Egya and the festivities of the time when Ph raoh reigned and Moses was a baby are at kept up. For three days this month tl people give themselves up to feoasting a rejoicing. Since July a crier has gol throunh the streets of Cairo announoil the gradual rise of the great river. He called "The Crier of the Nile," and for oea tunres this custom has prevailed. The cri is in gala dress and is accompanied by ti assistante, one of whom pounds upon l Egyptian drum, the other plays upon hautboy. He chants monotonously, "G, hath given abundance." and receives eam coins from the passers-by. In upper Egyj everything is laid by for jubilation. jester is selected, who for three days wea a tall cap and bells and issues orders whic every one, even the pasha, is bound to obe: t.corts and law are suspended. The jests Roes about levying taxes, which he puts I his poekets, and giving all sorts of absou directions, whichare implicitly obeyed b everybody. At the end of the three dad his subjects rise against him, seize his ca and bells and cast them in the fire an drive him back to hir home. after which th usual business of life is resumed. The Paregorie Habit. day on the charge of stealing clothing an silverware from Mrs. J. W. McCormick, o 1848 North Eleventh street, by whom sh was employed ai a domestio, was yester day held to answer by Magistrate Clement says the Philadelphia Ledger. When asker why she had pilfered the articles, the we man said that she did not know, except tha she had been taking parego io and was no aware of what she was doing. The polics claim that Mary Blake is an assumed name and that the woman is the wife of a mer chant of this city, and a victim of the par. ego! Io habit. Opporuanlly. Master of human destiny am I, Fame, love and fortune on my footsteps wait, Cities and fields I walk. I penetrate Deserts and seas remote, and passing by Hovel and mart and palace, soon or late I knock unbidden once at every gate. If sleeping, wake; if feastina rise before I turn away. It is the hour of state And they who follow me reach every state Mortals desire, and conquer every foe Save death; but those who doubt or heas tate Condemned to failure, penury and woe Seek me in vain and uselessly implores I answer net, and I return no more. JNo. J. INOALIL But fail ye not in this respect, Beize every opportunity to travel Over the Chieago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway. Ihis is the advice of Ono. H. HExro.a General Passenger Agent. Chicago, Ill Orris Emlloymlll Agency. 323 North Main Street. Telepaone 109 WANTED 22 men for rip-rappinrg .rock men, $2.25 per day: o railroad laborer, $2 per day 25 tiernakers. 6-inh tire, 10 crro.te er tie: 25 coal miners, $1.10 per too, steady work: 10 wood troopert. $1.25 per cord, good timber: I camp rook, $50; 1 co.k for city, 150: 1 dilshwasher; night cook; foreman for rock quarry: 5 ;quarry men. Flemato Help-2 diuin room girls, same place; girl fo- general hou tewtrk: girl for orond work; woman cook; 10 quarry men, union wages. at once. The Richest in Minerals and Most Fertile Agricultural Region in the Northwest Is THE GREAT FLATHEAD COUNTRY. RE~SOURCE S. A IAriculture, moI ral Coal, Oil, Lumer, Stone, Lime, Fire Glay, Natural Gas. The area of the Flathead country is more than 100 miles square. The 1EI tizead valley is 25 by 50 miles, abounding in the finest agricultural land. In the heart of the valley and on the main line of the Great Northern railroad is located - KPLISPELL; The largest town in the valley, surrounded on all sides by a rich farming country which does not depend upon irrigation and produces a crop every year. KALISPELL is the geographical center of' the valley, contiguous to cheap wood, coal, cheap water power, lumber and millsites. The agricultural, mineral and coal lands are equally distributed around Kalispell, the key to the Great Flathead country. FOR INFORMATION WRITE TO M C. E. CO NR :k D,. 0 Manager of the Kalispell Townsite Co. r s d by ýrapu... blod t! I tars e ha jto pooi dda al of srofulous, skin and scalp ea even Consumption (which is res lt srof ula)in alve its earlier stagell it i a c a tin omedy. It's the nlonly one tat'l ua h nteed, in every case to benefit or ure, o the money is refunded. It' a matter co fldenco in one's medicine. It's the cheapest blood - purifier mold through druggists, because you only pay fo the Wlood you get. Can von ask more ? The T ' Discovery" acts equally well alU L year round. Helena Employment Agency 24 EDWARDS STREET. Telophone 330. W. . Cook, lYroprsleto 100 Woodohoppersr, 125 a cord, oecond girl for family of 4 grown people, $25 Chamnbrmaid for city, $25. 2 W.'odehoppern for Rimini, $1.25 a cord. 2Woodohloppes for Empire; Large whispin, timber. no underbrush. look for city, 50. One tecond girl, $25. SITUATION WIVANTED-FEMALI. o Advertisements under this head three time, FRIE. SITUATION WANTED-SlY GIlL TO *HS . forroom and board; small wages. (Call at Alden block, corner brenkenridse and Ewlul: ITUATION WANTED--BY TWO LADY olurks Address~ Alden block, corner Ewing and lbreckenridge. ITt'ATION WANTED-BY A GIRF 1i years old to help take care of children or assist in housework and go to school. Address 464 West Mlain street. SITUATII'uNS WVANTED-MALE. Advertisements unuer thin head three times ITUATION WANTED-B- Y A YOUNG MAN in a store or oce; five years' business ex perience. Address M. Potter, city. HEILl' WANTED FESIMAIt.I 'V ANTED-AN EXPERIENCED CHAMBER maid. Apply at the St. Louis hotel BOARD AND) It0o1) OFSFeKEI). LtU INT-.hI--ROO AND BOARD. 3U Warren street, corner Sixth ave. FORt RENT-MJlli;,IIN A NNEOUS. F OR RENT-DIN ING-RO)OM AND KITCHEN or rooms for light housekeeping, near Main street. Address 1L. D.. this othoe. 0 RENT-H-II.RBERT IB. REED & CO., 17 North Main street: largest hst of houses and rooms in Helens. FOR SALE-REAL ESTATE. FOR OALE--NORITHEAST CORNER BROAD 1 way and Beattie--88 fet on Broadway, 100 feet on Beattie: 160 per foot on Broadway. In quire 361 North Main street or 34 South Davis. J'OR SALE--HEIEBERT B. REED CO.. F Thompson block: largest sale and trade list in Helena. FOUND. 'IUUND-A ROSAIRY. OWNER ('AN HAVE Fame by applying at Independent office, proving property and paying cost of this adver tisament. L'OUND-ALBUM AT MY SHOP. OWNER can have same by calling at my place and paying for this advertisement. Chas. May. 5t ark avenue. IMPORTED CIGARS. i t'" ' We Have a Large 1Stook of FINE HAVANA GIGARS In All Sizes, Which We Will GLOSE OUT AT GOST Were Purchased From First Hands and Are in Prime Condition. BACH, CORY & CO. Montana made Edam Cheese, superior to the Imported, made at the celebrated White Face Dairy--well Seasoned. Stock now on hand. Give it a trial. FOR RENT-FURtNISHED ROOMS. FOR RENT-FURNISHED ROOMS SINGLE or en suite; bath. gas and furnace heat. 426 tlarke street. IOR RENT-LARGE, ELEGANTLY FUR ' nished room with bath. 22 North Rodney. 1OR HiENT-TWO BANDNOME PARLORS with steam heat in t has. Lehman's old residence, 110 Edwards street. iOlt Rt.NT-FUBRN1HED ROutS BY DAY. ' week or month; steam heat. Holter block. ._UO tREHTI-COMFORTAILY FURNISHED -I rooms at reasonal rates. Harvey blook. Urand streeti. Next door Ihotel Helena. FOK RENT--)DWELLINCS. ~ H4~W --------------- - FOR hENT--TWO FOUR-1.OOM HOUSES Swith baths. Apply 70 F ighth avenue, FOR KENT-TWO-STORY BRICK. ALL modern improvements, 818 Spruce street suitable fora family or would make a good house for renting rooms or boarding house. Apply at room 84 Merchante National bank building or at room 2 Homer block. OR RENT--SEVEN ROOM HOUSE, FOR nished; ;4 South Rodney street. Apply to II. B. Comly, Granite bldck. MONEY TO LOAN. ONEY TO LOAN-HEItBERT B. REED & Co, Thompson block, opposite Grand Cen tral; 50 to $10,000 to loan. MONEY TO LOAN ON IMPROVED CITY and farm property. Wm deLacy. seeady. ONEY TO LOAN ON IMPROVED FAtt( and city Droperty at reasonable rates oL interest Steele & Clements. MONEY TO LOAN-H. a. FALMER. IEE adv., page S. LOST. LOST--BREAST-PIN. FINDER WILL BE suitably rewarded by returning to this office. IIBeUMLLANEtOSJI. FOR SALE-HOUSEHODD GOODS AT 437 Iawrenco street. FOIL SALE - CARPETS. MATTIESSES, blanklte rookert, bed linen, etc. etc., for sale cheap. Inquire of janitor of l-iley block. FOR SALE-HEATING STOVES AND CAB F pets. Call at 721 Spruce street. W ANTED TO THADE-hQUITIFS IN IlM proved ttelena properties for city lots or acreage adjoining Helena. My valuations arc reasonable. 'all and sea me. Iranklin it. Wallace, Denver buiollding. STOCKHOLDERS' MEETING-THE AN nual meeting of the stockholders of the l'ony t.old Mining company will be held at the olffice of the Helena and Livinlgston Smelting and lieduotion company. Helena, Montana. on Tuesday, Nov. 22, 18)2, at 11 a. mn.. for the per pose of electing a hoard of trustees for the en suing year, and the transaction of such other businees as may properly come before it. 0. It. ALLEN, Secretary. Helena, Montana, Nov. 11, 1892. STOCKHOLDERS' MEETING-THE AN nual meeting of the stockholders of the Red Mountain Milling company will be held at the offire of the company, in the Thompson block, Helens, Montana. November 22, 181r2, at the hour of two o'cluock p. m., for the election of three trustees to serve for the ensuing year. All hold ers of the treasury stock of record will be on titled to three votes for each two sharres regie tered in their names. Transfer boots will be closed November 10 and reoened November 1i. V. CHAS. RItNDA, President. M. W. JOHNSON. See. STOCKHOLDERS' MEETING.-THE REGU Slar annual meeting of the stockholders of the Helena Artesian Well company. for the elec tion of nine trustees and the transaction of such other business as may properly come be fore the meeting. will be held at my office, rear of Montana National bank, in Helena, state of Montana, ou Patnrday, the 18th day of Novem ber, A, D., 1892, st 11 o'clock a. m. WILLIAM J. FUCHS, Secretary. Dated Helena, Nov. 9, 1892. WALTER MATHEeON'r LIST. DWELLINGS ON INSTALLME1NT PLAN. $1,000-Neat new cottage on Davis street about ten minutes' walk from Broadway;: new barn. poultry house and nearly an acre of land; only $100 down, *25 per month: a decided bargain. $2,20t--Handsome dwelling on Blake street, with hall, live rooms, two closets, pantry, cellar, bath room, city water in kitchen; $150 down, $25 per month. $8,0t.--bix room dwelling on t ith avenue bee tween L'avi and Beattie streets, with two lute having a combined frontage of 100 fret; stable, terms $l 500 down: balance on three years time. $,50u--New brick dwellinga n 'lhird street near Beattle, with hall, seven rooms, bath room, cellar, pantry, several oe:oets, hot and cold water, tfished in oak; good lot; $200 down, $21 per month. $ 1,175-New brick dwelling on Highland street two blocks from Broadway, eight rooms, bath room with extra good plumbing, hot and cold water, furnace; good lot, house fronts north and has very fine view; $500 down, $40 per month. $8.8J0-Modern seven-room house on Fifth avenue between Beattie and lialeigh" bath, fur nae, gas and sewer connection: good barn; $500) down, $40 per month. len-room btick dwelling on South Ewing within three minutes' walk from court house, with lot 42xl00, at $4,20. ]ARGAINS IN LOIS. $e00-Lot 42x100 on Fifth avenue; $800 down, balance in two years. $100 each for two lots, each 50x140 near Mon. tana avenue in Flower Garden addition. $,5U00 for 100 lots in Boyee addition, well lo csatedt $4,500-Corner on Benton and Gilbert street, 100x150. $450-Good building lot in Easterly addition; $110 down. $850-Lot in Broadwater addition on electric line. Lot on lSouth .wing one block from court house, 3000. HOUSES FOt RENT. From $0 per month up. WALTER MATHESON, 159 North Main street, FOR BALE--SCHOLARBSHIP IN THE HE1 ann. Business College. Call at this eofe. THE FLATHEAD VALLEY. The Flathead valley, ten years ago an almost unknown region, the home of the savage and wild beast, to-day is the most productive section of the north. west, yielding per acre double the out. put of Kansas, Iowa (r the Dakotas, and is the only section west of the Miss. issippi river which can rival the Qgle. b a el Red River Valley of the North in t:e superior quality of its cereals. It is the only agricultural section in the state o" Montana, where crops can be rlised without irrigation. Vegetables of all kinds are grown i-l abundance, while apples, plums, peaches, cherries, pears, and the small fruits such as strawLer ries, blackberries, goosebe-ries, raspber ries are being raised successfully. With a ready market for all products of the so l in the rich mineral di tricts to the east, west a d south, the farmers of th Flathead valley will sion be classed among the wealthiest and most influen tailof this new countr . Wheat averages thirty-five bushels per acre, oats sixty bushels, barley forty bushel , rye thirty bushels, potatoes 400 busha.s, cabby go ten tons per acre, rutabagas thir-y tons per acre. The Flathead river, with its tribu taries-tie North, South and Middle forks -the Stillwater and Whitefish rivers, with th ,ir nume-ous branches, making a total of over tO I miles of lot ginu streams, anl of which converge at Kalispell, flow through vast fores's of pine, tamarack, fir, larch aid ce t r. Under thlt recent law enacted by con gress those boi.ndless tracts of timber land can he purchased at $2.50 For acre. According to the state and tor's report, of the 103:,489,283 fiet o( lumber cawed in the at te during the year 1891, 100, 0: 0.001 was sawed in M ssoula county, thus demonstrating this portion c,f the state's sul remacy in the lumber in dustry. In the nor:hern portion of the valley are hidden vast measures of a superiur quality of coal to vards which the rail roilus are alret.dy building, and the dw velit ment of this resource alone w ll reumler this sect;on the I',tt-bung of the northwest. Adjouninig ths so immens, bodies of coal lie large tracts of oil laI:d, which g\'e pmomiia of equa'ing the rich J.et.ro!iount fidl • of P'nnsylvani't. Natural gat has ,alo been discovered in this legion. Undetlying a large pottiJn of the valley, ia thirty-foot stalt um of the inoest qual ty of fte clay is found, which off re excep. tional upptrt I 'tios for Ihi nmanufao ture of potcevry, and ftl rds thie rick maker a conve< i n . and iulimi e 1 sup. oty for h's kiln. Ci,.mton andl Irees.,d hi., k of a nmost super or quali y have b ,'o n:a Ie from this clay, and nunIwm ous handlsome buildit ga througt out tite va lcy sand ais nmonumen s to this in dus ry. M, ntana's minmeral ou;put, wit +h n.mw surpasses alie. of a:n o her a . in he uli nt. w.ll be largely auguen el by the de.louplten, of he hidden rearures in the moulntal n r,.ngee surrounding the F.a he-.d valley. Rich veins of olhl, silver, o pper and lead, which h ive already b on die ov roed, are attrao leg the atoention of the capi alis a whi have inves'ed largely in Iantn rlg proper ticse hroughout this seti ion, and *ae ratidly u,.hinr their dateloulumet.