Remlttanoes at the risk of subsoriber unless
made by relisteed letter, check. or potal or ex
p.roe order, payable to The Independent Pub
la'Persons dedriag the INDSlMIDMnT Mered
at their homes or place of businees can order by
postal card or through telephone No. 100. Please
report cases of Irregular delivery promptly.
Advertisements, to insure prompt nlertlo.,
should be handed ip before 8 p. m.
Rejected communications not returnahle uan
les. postage is enoeloed.
TERMS O 8UVM331PTION.
Daily [linelding Sunday] per year..........$10 06
Daily ([noluding Rundayl six months...... 5 00
Daily [including Sunday) three months.... 20
Daily lexcluding Sundays per year......... 900
Daily [excluding Sunday] per month...... 78
Sunday only [in advanceo per year......... 2 0
Weekly [in advance only] per year......... 00
Daily by carrier, per week. (seven issuesl. -
HELENA, MONT., NOV. 29, 189.
0W Montanians abroad will always fnd T.a
DAILY INDrPEcNDrWT on file at their favorite
botels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New
York; Weot, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace
San Francisco; McDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel.
Peported for Tax lxrcPnzxDlT daily by F. J.
Gles.. United Statee bserver.
6:00 a. m :. 8:00 tp.
Farometeor ............. 20.6171 2=932 I
Trmperature.............. 410.0 44.0 I
Win .................... sew-18 s-4
Temperature at noon. 42.0.
Maximum temperature, 4t 0.
Minimum temperature, :6.0.
local foreomot for Holeni: Light rain or
Helena. Nov. "., 1892.
THE INDIAN AT WORK.
The experiment of constructing an
extensive irrigating system in the Crow
reservation, on which all the unskilled
work should be done by the Indians
themselves, was a move in the direction
of the solution of the Indian problem.
The work has been vigorously prose
outed for several months under the
direction of Walter H. Graves, engineer
in charge on behalf of the government,
and a ditch builder of long and success
ful experience. About ten miles of
ditches have been constructed and a
great many miles more planned in vari
ous valleys of the great reservation.
The work done so far has been accom
plished at a cost of about $5,000
less than the engineer's estimates, and
with the exception of the engineer and
one white man who acted as foreman,
the work has been done by Crow Indians
and their teams. The work was under
taken with considerable misgiving on
the part of the officials of the Indian
bureau at Washington, who had little
faith in the success of an enterprise of
that sort when carried on by white men,
and much less faith in its success when
carried on by Indian labor. But the
work has been done, and has been well
and cheaply done. The Indians were
paid every two weeks in cash and the
effect of the distribution of several
thousand dollars of extra money among
them is very noticeable. A great many
of them now own excellent work teams
purchased from their earnings on the
ditch. Instead of depending on the
tribe herd for their animals they have
bought many horses and mules of trad-
ers who have come into the reservation,
or they have gone, in many instances,
to Billings and other places and bought
high grade animals suitable for heavy
work. They no longer depend entirely
on the agency for their supplies of
harness, but have gone to near by towns
and bought a better quality. They also
have bought many other things more to
their liking than the articles supplied
them gratis by the government.
Mr. Graves says that many of them
have saved up almost all of their earn
ings and now have comfortable sums of
money in their possessions. At first
they insisted in having their pay in sil
ver, which was procured for them at
considerable trouble. Before long they
began to understand the value of paper
money and preferred to have their wages
paid in it. Almost every man who has
been employed on the ditch now has a
large red leather pocket-book in which
le carries, smoothly pressed out, his say
ings. A good many of them understand
the advantage of putting out money at
interest and frequently have asked Mr.
Graves, and others in whom they had
confidence, to keep money for them. A
number of them leave money in the
keeping of the Indiar agent. occasion
ally calling around and asking to see
the money, that they umay have proof
that it is being safely kept. )On these
occasions they expect to have the iden
tical mooney shown themn that they left
on deposit, not having fully grasped the
equivalence of equal sumnts of money
represented by bills of different denomi
nations. Mr. (,raves says the prevail
ing idea that thei Indians have no
thrifty qualities has been entirely dis
pelled by his experience on the reserve
Mr. (Iraves reports that many of the,
Iniia;is employeld when the work wan,
begun continuied withi him until work
was stolpped for the winter, a period of
about four montlhs. 'Ihey reported
promptly on time, and worked faithfully
throughout each day. 'I Ie longer the
work c(tlltiniueid, the greater ti i numberiO I
of Indians ,lrtrlellg to work.
I)uring the fall months there were,
several intereste.d splc!tators on thi
ei-ene. A.miong theiia ((a (a elgti1oi
of gentlemenm from Miles City 'i,io or.
int-.restled in an Irrigation ditch tihat is
ibonig planned for that ect bCiln of t
couiltr.. 'l i,-ir purpose in visiting the
wiirk irKeng oell on the reservatio .,all
to cons:lr the matter of th-n employ
trent of Indian labor on te 2tiles ('it
tter)rrises. .\mother visitor was Mr.
(pilties, the chief surveyor for th
tlErlington company, who rani several
preliminary surveys for that 'ompan
ntr0es the r.eservation. Mr. t h lltte ia ,
very t-.trin.gly of the oipi.in that lnoii;m
lhlor can bel .mployitd to great i:dviant
ig+ in tle coun truction of the re:ul, miul
hi ltm mlWi ates; nmi trouble ii ge(tting lhi
r cglit of way across the reservitton if
tleI hIdiaens be given the promise of
Idienees is almost invariably aceoun
pjield iy 'iCiousines and the wonder is
that the Insmen pulilation of the l:nmtoe
miit u-s hales niade any progress ho,'rdir
cmvmlizatioi or becoming self-sustaining.
'They have been given kingdoms in
I whioh to live, provided with olothing
and food in abundance, and, in many
eases, large annuities besides. They
have never been given an opportunity
to work for themselves, the government
or private parties. They have been
hedged about with a deleterious senti
mentalism that would have ruined a
civilized people. But the red man has
had his day in fiction and poetry, and
the time has come for him to take the
place in the world of industry justified
by his sturdy frame. It will do him
good and relieve the wealth and labor
of the country of a grievous but need
less burden. The work so well begun
on the Crow reservation should be ex
tended to all the tribes of the land.
THE Board of Trade election takes
place next month. While there is no
fault to find with the present efficient
ofticers, who have done the beet they
could under the circumstances, some
thing should be done to infuse new life
into this decrepit organization. What
is the matter w:th it anyhow? Can
anybody tell? It has members enough,
and on the rolls are men of energy and
enterprise. Yet as a body the organiza
tion somehow lacks snap and push. In
Spokane, Portland, Seattle and other
cities, similar organizations are doing a
great work. Many enterprises should
be undertaken by the citizens of Hel
ena the coming season. The Board of
Trade is the most practical agency
through which they can work. If our
business men will take hold of this or
ganization, increase its membership, and
turn out to its meetings, they can make
it serve a useful purpose.
BUTTE will ask the legislature this
winter for reincorporation and an ex
tension of the city limits. The request
ought to be granted. It is proposed to
take in the Parrot district to the Silver
Bow mill, South Butte and the inter
vening territory. There is a difference
of opinion as to whether Centerville
should be added or not. The enlarge
ment would make a city of 25,000 inhab
itants of the west side metropolis. It
has been suggested that before the leg
islature assembles a meeting of the
mayors of the cities of Montana should
be held in order to unite upon such
legislation as may be needed for each.
A very good idea.
THE entire registration at Box Elder
precinct was illegal and the republican
conspirators know it. On top of that
the illegally registered voters were
bribed. These facts can be established
even before a precinct 34 judge. The
esteemed Herald says:
"It is only when the vote at a precinct
is shown to be so wholly pervaded with
fraud that the intentions of the honest
electors cannot be ascertained that the
authority exists anywhere to reject it
That is exactly the condition that ex- i
isted at Box Elder. The registration
was fraudulent; the voting was fraudu
IN these days of cures for drunken- i
ness, a great many remedies are being
tried. The most heroic treatment of
which we have read was that adminis
tered to a culprit in North Bend, Wash.,
the other dlay. After he had been re
peatedly warned, the neighbors seized
him while in the act of beating his fam
ily. tied a rope around him, and towed I
him through the icy waters of a mount
sin stream. The reformation is said to
have been complete in hiscase and other
bibulous persons in the community
have become noticeably careful in their
USRUALLY after a presidential election,
congress becomes very liberal in the
matter of appropriations. This year,
however, it will be diffllerent. There is a
deficit in the treasury and it will take
close paring to raise money enough to
carry on the government for the next:
year. Appropriations for now objects
will be limited unless congress finds
some means for increasing the revenue.
'TH election of United States sena
tors in the various states will begin the
first week itn January. As Wircrinsin,
Californis. Wyoming and Montana, one
after another, repiace repuidlicans with
democrats, we shl:ll begin to get at the
full sweep of the late tidal wave, whose
proplortions we can hardly measure now.
WF. hasten to assure the Anacondar
Standard that Helena did not hog the
missing comet. I; is our private opinion
that it steered clear of Montana on ac
count of the sulphur fumes from the
west side smnelters.
THIE Castle road ought to meet the
Burlington half way. It would be a
shame to have the Burlington come to
White Sulphur and Castle from the east
before the road from Helena is com
IE~i i' your eyo on the warhorse and
his elhiuatoir. 'there's a little life in
tro old framb:l vet. They are working
up a precinct :I jb.
'Jo the ltiera:l: 'labIe your rnedicine.
J;i usI.h you jus'r:i, ,lmlnIniation by can
vassing boalrids. You cant' go balck on
NA'T'!'I (L' GARDEN SPOT.
A .ectlon of Mlontall 'Ilhit is Altrractlni
T''uristsan Intl luv ors.
At only two points in Noi th -America can
tle Iocky moulntins lt i see-i from the
declt of I stamtibioat end bloth of these are
in tfontana; one on thle M1)eouri Tntt.of
the anges, stid oni oi the FIlatnheRl river,
I west of ttlh great idvid-. NothinglU stir
plrises the tio rit or Iliil:e 8, eki r Loires than I
this mlountaln-1 eg.rt riv,.r which tinds its
way southward through thi Filnithesd val
ley on its way to, the waters of the C(olur
bul. Inuteatc of a sallow nllolllutlil tIor
reCt, it is a br)ad, mer.jeatle tr omIi, capable
of bearing on its boasrn boats of large build.
'I he iUgnttude Ot t th stream e Inm keeping
with the natural fteattaes of northwestern
Molltanfa; everything i. create I uion a
Ince l ecld--mountains, lakes, forests and
vailllei . a,
It call be very trithfullv said thLit the
Flathead valley is the moat interesting re
I nio to the tourist or settler i tile United
States. Sitiatetd on the Pacific side of the
continent, its climat Lhas a mildness in,
strong contrast with the sanio latitude to
the eastward. end iustead of having the dry
sharacterietics of the Itoeky mnountain re
Sglon, it possesses an ample rain and snow.
fall daring all seasons of the year In this
favored seetion irrigation Is unaeeasery for
the growth and ripening of large quasntiee
of grain and vegetables already prodased'
in the valley, and at this date when the old
year is nearly merged into the new, the
Flathead river and lake are still free from
ice, while the ground remains unfroaen.
a This splendidly timbered and agricultural
I section has a length between its asurroend.
ing ranges of about sixty miles and a width
of twenty.five miles. The liberal rain-fall
has nurtured a heavy growth of pine not
only upon the mountain sides but upon the
valley itselfl in fact, two-thirds of the val
ley is envered with large pine timber inter.
spersed with beautiful prairies. This gives
the country a park-like appearanee and
strongly resembles that of the filber farming
sections of Ohio and New York.
The home-seeker here dfnd the same con
ditions which exist in the Mississippi val
lay, cultivated fields, meadows of luxuriant
timothy, clover and blue guise, which
flourish without the necessity of an irri
gating ditch. Nevertheless, there are large
areas in the northern end of the valley not
ocenpied but open for appropriation under
the government land laws. This section is
almost entirely a timbered one and the
character of the forest growth makes the
land extremely valuable, it being estimated
that there are as much as two to four
million feet of merchantable timber on
many quarter sections. This consisate of
yellow and white pine, cedar, larch, red
fir and spruce intermixed, with a heavy
growth of cottonwood, alder and other
trees along the river bottoms. The enblos
ing mountains on the west are black ,froyp
base to summit with all-pervading forests,
while those to the eastward, merging, into
the main range of the Rookiest. are
well-timbered, excepting upon the sum
mits, A number of large lum
bar enterprises are well under way
and the lumber-cat of the valley the pres
ent year will no doubt reach 25,000,000 fseet
This will all be needed for local building
operations during the coming year, for such
is the general interest manifested in this
section that it will certainly experience a
development more rapid than any other
similar seetion of the country has
ever enjoyed before. The com
ing of the Pacific extensioC of the Great
Northern road is bringing capital to en
gage in the development of the many na
tural resources of the valley.
This great railway has pushed its trans
continental line with characteristic energy
across Montana to the waters of Puget
Sound. It surmounts the Rockies and
reaches the coast with the sho test mileage
and lowest grade of any transcontinental
road. The summit of the Rookies at
Marias Pass, the eastern gateway to the
Flathead valley, is attained with a grade of
only one per cent, or fifty-two feet per mile,
while those of other transcontinental roads
range from 116 to 212 feet par mile.
This favorable alignment will have a po
tent effect upon the development of ý Mon
tana, Idaho and Washington, which 'means
the carrying on of traffic expeditiously and
cheaply, thus stimulating the growth of the
country traversed by these liner. At the
northern end of ths Flathead valley coal
measures of an excellent quality have lately
been discovered. These veins are from
three to twelve feet in thickness and are
immediately on the line of the road. The
quality of the product 1t such that its value
to the mining interests of Montana cannot
be overestimated. Companies are already
engaged in developing these mines, while
prospectors are industriously engaged, in E
discovering others in the surrounding $l
leys and mountains. The quality clo ly,
approaches all the best eastern coals.
Only a personal trip to the valley can
give an adequate idea of the beauty of the
many streams which dash down from the
mountain slopes and take their snarkling
course across the valley to the great river
and lake. This indicates the abundant
amount of the rain-fall peculiar to the val
ley which is in contrast with that of the
gleat plains-region far to the south and
east. The climate of the alley is in fact
so mild and well adapted to vegetation
that all fruits flourish to a remarkable de
gree. Apple, plum and pear trees are al
ready bearing in many orchards, while
strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries, oaur
rants and other small fruits grow to a large E
size and are the ooohle at home. p
Many of the farmers are planting or- oa
chards, and fruit-raising undoubtedly will i
bcome one of the principal industries of i
the valley. The lumbering resources will
be a source of immediate roefit to the val
ley, for the great plains-region lying east of
the Rockies, with its prosperous mining
and stock raising industries and develop
ing towns, will make an inexhaustible mar
ket for the lumber of the forest country to
TIHE BOOK TABIl[S .
Robert Browning is not a holiday poet in
the ordinary meaning of that term, but the
seleosione from his works compiled by
Thomas McIlvaine and published by the
Frederick A. htokes company, of New York,
is one of the daintiest and most attractive
gift books of the season. The binding it
self is a poem in cloth andi the one hundred
illustrations are beautiful specimens of the
artist's work. All the notable and most
po~pular poems are found in the collection,
and readers who enjoy B owning, as well as
those who are unfamiliar with his writings,
will want to add this exquisite volume to
their libraries. For sale by C. K. Wells &
Little Red Riding Hood, Cinderella, Puss
in Boots, Goody Two Shoes, The Ugly
Duckling, Baboes in the Wood. Jack the
Giant Killer, and all the rest, old and yet
ever new-who is ever tired of the repro
duction of the old stand-by fairy tales?
'I he latest and one of the handsomest edi
trons of these Drrme stories is the one for
which the illustrations are furnished by the
wonderfully clever pencil of Maud llumph
rey, a sufticient guarantee of the artistic
qualrity of the work. It is just the book for
the vounu people whose imaginations are
vet develot lng, and for those old people
whose imaginations need reviving. Pub
lished by Fre(derick A. Stokes Co., and for
sale by (. K. Wells & Co.
'1i h Frederick A. Stokes Co. are issuing
sorne of the loveliest new year calendars of
tho searson. Th pinsey and violet cross cal
ewlars for sale by C. K. Wells ,' Co., a'e
amlong tl.e prettiest designs we have snen.
Notler to Steekholders
More than five per cent of the capital
stock of the Elkhorn & Old Baldy railroad
corpany having been heretofore subscribed
for, notice is hereby given to the stockhold
era of the said company that it meeting will
be held on the 161bth day of lIeeoerber, A. D.
18Ii2, at the parlors of the VIiat National
barnk in Helena, Moutana. at the hour of
seven p. m,. for the paroone of choosing
five directors of the said company to con
_inae in office until the time for the annual
eleetiou and until their esuccessor are
choese and have qalified.
T. H. KI.EIN.Ha,dinDT,
War. J. LoiAin,
E. W. Kroui,. Ja.,
Hlano tI. UlIII..
Choice dry yellow pine wood on cars at
Clancy, Mont. 11. M. Hill.
-; -lFRED SASS,*=
n Wholesale and retail deler in Imported sand
k. Domestio Clgars. ti.arettee and Smokers' Arti.
1 le. Largest nad beet assmrtmeat of Briar
I- Wood. Mererchaum and eas Pipese n the clty.
No. 135 North lain St.. Helena
* 6:00 A M.-Get up.
g:16,A. M.-Fire built and Buck
wheat cakes mixed.
t 6:30 A.M.--Cakes cooked, break
fast ready, all in 30 minutes.
6:45 A. M.-Breakfast over. "One
of the finest ever eaten," al
ways the verdict after eating
cakes made from Pure Wis
consin Buckwheat, or King's
Self Rising, and the more so
if you have used Pure Cana
dian Maple Syrup. We fur
nish the Buckwheat' and
Syrup. You do the rest.
Onr Telephone Nimber Is 50.
BROADWAY GROCERY CO.,
The Very Richest on the
Aroostook Conty Milk
Bach, Cory & Co.,
DIatributing Agents for Montana.
Exint about many subjects, but not one bhout our
Hlolidayv SuI ,lies. loee::e, the stock-bi ok"r.
once emrlow d a famous eplcure at a l rgo ta a-y,
to tell him what to ert. 11e can gtoe So tllnat
info,:mat.on for nothing. \t hat to eat? Our
grocoi os You can get ih test goods at the
lowest prices at TUIt:.&I; t('t).'d.
The British lion and the Rus
sian bear are snarling at each
other again. Well, as the old
lady remarked w hen her husband
had the fight with the bear: "Go
it husband, go it bear, I don't
give a --which licks, it is a
good fight inyhow." And the
North D)akota Milling Co. will
supply you with all of their cele
brated I)iamond brand of Flour
you want, if you don't want too
much. Ask your grocer for it.
Wholois t and retail ('hinoeo goods of overy
doscritlion. ltIIr. Nut oil and Teas of all kind.
Penn block. 213 South MaLn street.
Keaner v Sohmit M e vmavav Company
Have in Their Stock of
IR R-O CL ER t E S
The finest line of Table Goods to be found in any house in
the city. Kindly call on them for your purchases.
Their prices are the very lowest in the city.
From one to two carloads of goods arrive every week.
Wholesale prices given on all unbroken packages.
GRANDON BLOCK. TELEPHONE 281.
H. M. PARCH EN & CO.,
* e S L3ADINo G e .
Wholesale and Retail Druggists
For the largeststock, most complete in every line, and at
the LOWEST PRICES, go to them.
PARCHEN'S CORNER. HELENA.
Are You Interested in Gold Mining?
If so, investigate thoroughly the wonderful results obtained by
the CRAWFORD MILL. This mill, from actual working tests, has
achieved greater results, grown in popularity more rapidly and is
to-day going into more mining camps than any other mill. Its
simplicity, cheapness, high saving powers on base ores fills a long
needed want, and hundreds of low grade base mines heretofore
lying idle can now be worked as good dividend-paying properties.
No one interested in a gold property should fail to investigate this
mill. Illustrated catalogues can be had and a working model seen,
and all information obtained by applying or calling at our office.
LINGHAM & EILBECK, Agents, Atlas Building, Helena, Mont,
SWEND CARLSON FOR
COFFEE AND TEA,
Bach, Cory & Co.'s,
'he oldest fruit and pro- Z Fstabliehed 1883.
duce house in ltontana -
LINDSAY & CO.
FRUIT AND PRODUCE.
Sweet Cider, t Fhipped in F I rosh Oystors
Apple- Car ILts reseed
Cranberrios, and oultri and
Io on, - For Nale -I ;ameo
Orangee, o ate Rocieved Daily
Paanaas., Lowest by
iMalaga Grapes I rices. I. lxpress
STEELE, HINODSON & CO,,
* o * JOBBERS OF * * *
Hay, Grain, Flour, Feed, Rolled Oats,
CORN MEAL, POTATOES. ETC.
Correspondenoe with ranohmea solicited. me we
are always ready to poreha's oats in large
quantitis for cash.
Wholesale Agents for the Celebrated
Royal Banner and Pride of
the Valley Flour.
Telephone No. 108. 122 Bozeman St.
huar N. P. Passenger Depot.
C. B. LEBKICHER,
And General BooIbinding.
Maaufaeterer of the iadestraetlble
liat-Opealll Blak Hoek.
No Extra Cost.
Second Floor Herald Building.
The Musical Department of St. Vincent's
Academy during the present scholastio year
will be in charge of
Sister Mary Zoe
"* " ASSISTED BY " * "
Jliss Lizzie O'Jleil
Thorough ilstructors In every branoh of
the art. Misc O'Neil's specialties are harp.
iano and voice-culture, and that she Ie
highly qualified may be jeudged from the fact
that she has taken a fve-yeer's course of
training under noted
Studies will be resumed In 8t. Vinent's
the first Tuesday of September.
Unlverslty Place, Near Helena
FALL TERM BEGINS SEPT. 8,
Course of lnstruotions 1. College. 9,
College Preparatory. 8, Buslness. 4, Nor
mral. 8, Musle. , Art. 7, Mllitary. Also
Instructln In Commones Branbes. Able
Iastructlon, elegant building.
lend for Catalogue to the President.
F. P. TOWER. A. M.. D. D.
We have Speclmens
Cut, at $5, $10, $15 Each.
Rough, $2 to $5 Each.
Seat on Recelpt of Price.
0, DeSola Mendes & Co.
Cutter of I)iamonds and Precious Stonoe
51-53 Maiden Lane, K.w York,
J. L. SMITH,
Freiht and Transfer Line
All kinds of marchstadie and eothr fTe ,
Inludiiu ores, promrtly trenserred from the
dJ.pot. Orders will recelve prumpt MttenUle
.lseo at J. leldle-a's store and at the 41,e
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