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TRANSMITTAL OF POWER.
What the Convention of the National Electric Light Association SBrought Out. How Water Power Is Being Util ized in Connection With DEleotrioity. The Progress Recently Made in Handllng Electrical Energy-Conduits for Electrical WIree. The Water Power company has aforce of Helena engineers at Pugh's ferry actively engaged in the construction of a dam which will extend across the river at that point, where it is 300 feet wide and averages seven feet deep with a solid rock bottom. It is said that a dam can be built at this place for about one-fifth the cost of one at Stubbs' ferry, where the river is much wider. The force now at Pugh's ferry are getting out timber to be used for the coffer dam which will be built around the dam proper. Quarters for the workmen and engineers are also being erected. The tur bines which will drive the dynamos have been order and the electric plant designed. The fact that the water power at Pugh's ferry, a few miles from Helena, is going to be utilized for the generation of electrical power to be used in this city, makes the proceedings of the National Electric Light association, recently held at Buffalo, of peculiar interest here. The convention devoted less time to the subject of lighting than to the more important uses of the current, snch as operating railroads and transmission over long dis tanoes from the place where it is generated, thus rendering power available which has heretofore been use less. The Railroad Gazette, in a synopsis of the work of the convention, says it was shown by the delegates that at several places in the United States the power of waterfalls has already been need to gener ate currents which operate machinery at distaness of from one to three miles. Hel ena people are somewhat familiar with the most remarkable instance of power trans mission which has as yet been undertaken, that which was shown in connection with the Frankfort exhibition last year, when the power generated at Lauffen, 108 miles away, was put into use at Frankfort to do lighting and pumping. No exact account of the percentage of the power employed at Lauffen, which was delivered at Frankfort when the maximum work was going on, has yet been given; but when eighty-horse power was in use about 72 per cent of the current was available or, taking the losses in the generators and motors at 10 per cent, something over 60 per cent of the power of the water-wheel was delivered to the ma chinery at Frankfort. A comparison of this first considerable electrical conveyance of energy with the matured method of carrying it in the concrete form of coals from the mines to the boilers bf manufactories over the coal i railroads, showed rather in favor of the electrical transmission. for the cost of the coal at the mines is said to be doubled by the time it reaches a place of consumption 100 miles away, showing a loss of 50 per cent, or a gain in favor of electrical trans port of energy of about 10 per sent. As the electrical etgines have only just begun, railroad managers may have to give atten tion to this remarkable experiment. It was a long time' before they could believe that oil could be pumped through pipes cheaper than it could be hauled in cars. When it I comes to the conversion of the electric energy into heat, however, the difference is vastly in favor of the railroad and a base burner stove. The current employed upon the Lauffen Frankfort line was of a potential of 16,000 volts, and carried upon naked copper wires, of course an alternating current. The Oer- I likon works, of Zurich, Switzerland, have t made a proposal to transmit power from Niagara Falls to Buffalo, using units 5,000 H. P., with a current of 25,000 volts potential, with a loss in transmission esti mated at about 16 per cent. Mr. Dobrowl sky, of Berlin, is ready to contract to transmit 5,000 H. P. from Niagara to Chi cago, using a voltage of from 40,000 to 50. 000 upon the line. It is amusing to recall the horror of th-, continuous current advo cates two years ago at the fearful potential of 5.000 volts which some of the alternating systems proposed to employ. Ferranti is using a current of 10,000 volts in London. There is an experimental line at Pittsfield, Mass., carrying 15.000 volts. It is now said that currents of 100.000 volts may be safely sent through wires encased with oil, and such a current is advocated as the lowest pressure which would be com- t mercially profitable over distances of thirty miles or more. As the "striking distance" increases very rapidly with the increase of potential, it is fortunate that the current may be raised or lowered to any desired tension by the use of transformers, so that we need not the long distance, striking kind of electricity for domestic use, but only a mild and orderly variety of she cur rent. Great progress has been made in the con- c struction of transformers and also in the alternate cur:rent motors; yet if the alter nating current motor is not quite satisfac tory, the current imay be converted from al-i ter natinu to cortinuous at the place where Jou require it for use, and the direct cur- c rent form of motor used instead of the al- I ternating. Although it is unseen and no 1 Serson knows what the electric energy is, it I is now treated with about the sarll coirve nience in handling as a itream of water in pipes. Any desired portion of the stream may be taken from the main an, carried at ary pressure les than the total head to any pont. There is as vet no reneonably satisfactory conduit for electric wires that are to be placed undergiounud; that in to say, none that is convenient for inipection and test ingr, and which do(r not involve a too great expenee, when the valre of the service rein ,lare1 is cornsidered. I he committee of the Eilectrio Lwght associatlon, appointed to in vestigate the uibject, mirde a report of a very discluraging character. [t le quite evirldent thart if one-half, or perhaps onc quarter of tle coat of underground con duitls were to be expinlded upon thre lursula- I tion and permanent erection of aerial tines, tihe result would bie entire security for per s.ons and prolerty, and greater conrvelnience for the electric companies. No cherap method will answer for underglound work, and onuht not to be tol:erated above the surface. In Chicago and lunfalo there are undor ground systems as to which thb designers make favorable seports. aomewhat attacked, however, by other ex;perts. In Millwaukoo an electric rallroad company has laid plain lead covered cables undergronud without other protection, and tley are said to be working satisfactorily, whibch they of course would do at first. Butcther & tradlby Ihair, a furill line of holila:; corrs :rui navcrelt., :ho, ,ll| the latest dI cigse is fIscy work and natrerisle. Focial l)ance at Turner IiAll. There will be a social davce at Turner hall, as usual, uonday evening. L|adle. have you eeen thoo tailor nlade coats with intperial e~,uoea stt hu oleu UlLve? I not. call at ouce; they arl Ibautles. For bal.. Eight to ten thousand shares of Mac rain. ing stock at 30c per share. 'Ar GALVIN. I:r. Lbiig & ('o. have thrir rorpermanent ofric at 1'L 1 Main vtrrt. instead of at the Merchanta hoteol from the let to the 4th of Ilecr.mbor. 'Ilhy cure chroni,! dineares where others fall. Hles eou iaen the beautiful line of French dollsal The lleo Ilive? Every one is an art in itself. No ugly faoea. but one prettier than the other. Make aour selections now and avoid the uesh during the holidays. Marion Harland's Endorsement Royal Baking Powder. [Extract from Marion Harland'a Letter to the Royal Baking Powder Co.] 4~r c~~Mt JOTTINGS ABOUT TOWN. A fine specimen of fire brick made from clay obtained near Rimini. was sent to Tas INDEPNDENT office yesterday. The Ladies' Auxiliary society of Temple Emanu-El will meet at the residence of Mrs. Sol Ganzberger, 846 Sixth avenue, at the usual hour. A meeting of the Board of Trade will be held Tuesday evening at 7:30 o'clock at the rooms in the Gold blook. A large attend ance is very much desired. County Treasurer Barden has collected $195,000 in taxes up to and including Dec. 1. leaving a balance of $10,000 upon which the penalty of 10 per cent attaches. A meeting of the executive committee of the Murphy Gospel Temperance union is called to meet at their ball at two D. m. to day. A full attendance is requested, as business of importance requires it. The police last night recovered one dozen fine steel bridle bits, with the United States stamp on them, which had been cached in the loft of a stable in the rear of an unoccupied house at Sixth avenue and Rodney street. S. G. Ramsay lodge No. 290, Brother hood of Railway Trainmen, is going to give a grand ball at College hall, Dec 28. Members of the lodge are making unusual preparations and expect to have the most successful ball of the season. Beginning to-morrow Rev. J. H. Crooker. of the Unitarian society, will deliver a series of lectures on the Bible. To-mor row the subject will be, "Are There Errors in the Bible?" Dec. 11, "The Bible as Au thority." Dec, 18, "The New Bible and Its New Uses." The Ladies' Aid society of the Oakes street M. E. church will give the entertain ment which was postponed on account of the storm of Nov. 24, at Adams' hall, Dec. 8. Refreshments will be served in connec tion with the entertainment. All for the benefit of the Oakes street church. Queen City lodge No. 42, 1. O. O. F., at its s egular meeting last evening elected the following officers: R. A. Fraser, N, G.; G. W. Schuman, V. G.; Geo. H. Tuttle, recording secretary; H. M. Burrus, corres oonding secretary; Geeo. H. Taylor, treas urer. Past Grand Holmes, of Butte, made a call and gave a very interesting talk for the good of the order The following deeds were filed for record yesterday: Melissa M. Gebaner, adminis tratrix, to Colin F. Stam, lots21, 22, 23 and 24, block 184, Syndicate addition, $388.87; C. M. Jefferis, sheriff, to Margaret F. Lee, lot 6, block 80, Northern Pacific addition. $1,502.20; A. Bedford to H. M. Parchen and T. H. Kleinschmidt, lot 26, block 5, Depot addition, $250; F. S. Wasswiler to H. 8. Wills, ea nwJ4', section 28, township 10, north of range 4 west, $4,000: H. B, Reed to Joseph Beseette, lots 47 and 48, block 1, Woodlawn park, $380. PERSONAL. E. K. Abbott, of Neihart, is a visitor in Helena. N. Godfrey and family, of Martinsdale, are at The Helena. E. E. Leech, of Dopuyer, is among the Choteau county people in town. Charles H. Eaton, ex-member of the legis lature from Park county, came in on last night's train. Dr. Salvail has moved his residence to No. 728 Fifth avenue, between Beattie and Raleigh streets. Burt Lathrop, the well known mining man, was out on the street yesterday for the first time in several weeks. He has been confined to his room at the Merchants with a dislocated shoulder and a broken rib, the result of an accident while driving. Frank Baine, for Chicago; John Jenkins, for New York: James Burton, for Huron, S. D.; Mrs. W. F. Whittaker, for Sheldon, Ia.; D. G. rilliman, for San Francisco; H. J. Kaulhmoan, for St. Paul. were some of the departures via the Northern Paoific yester day. Will Arrive To-Day. The following passengers will arrive in Helena to-day at 1:30 on the Northern Pa cific west-bound mail a:: express train: F. 11. Yanmnn., A. B. Wood, Mrs. 1'. E. Durst, F. E. B.iton, F. A. Quinn, Miss Elsie Arrivals at The Helenta. SJ lirane. Lewistewa I W I.undey. (jhicaeo , 1C (,:llhi. nt ln'aul ]Inrvy I, tuptt Iut,: I It i, AII ullri .l'i' eua 1' Wlhlio, ot Paula J h.eller. Nowu lkt Ni (irofi:fy. wife andl Fl. t1iefors, 11 D. lIowa famlily, Xlartrlnl.alo Sity, la A t o'oopr, croat I K Aboltt, Neihart F"ali II N (,bb, St :Paul II . Jailrn', St Paul Mrc (ico i Nolh, , it I; I lt.. Ln, lupuaer Paul W A tRallag;ler, 1)u C Valntino, Now York Ioyer j1: Atin, Y : liciag ,Jnon It 'Parker, ihni A ,man. rrlt,,na, one It A hrnithl, Is1loua Joe LewO:nstoin, Chi Arrivals at the G(r;al. Central. Johu 1Murray, ledird I1r 1111 tli:bart, Wick.s Jai N Ilrnito, Or:ilys- \ V, Il-ddlecmarl, Maryo 1; 1 Liee. JMrysvihiao I ' \alIoenspinl, Falt Jontt Ir\V[: :l lk ;okallo k, itklty r t1 I hnil. 'irk l, l1 J lmo . ' Town'ead 1T 1 orry. Ilonlde r W J .lotiedy. Bitter I I .y Itt, ICown 'uo iI uto I I', hr.ti. hit a'~ c li's N ralmos, Towa Erwian':iii.n, ,itoer rend I It lIooeNar, \u!ft (rha. Mc(l gi, Town ('rN o n 'tb ur Sf:rltern.". w;lokar: t" I ltir:;.ni. \Vallaen ii II t airehahil, A.li-r I l it. aitr Lake I r,,ula Inolirt ialhr,. Mis 1"1) 1 latts. M ir.n ul' t ,r fla Dlan ll;taioy. 11:1: \V i, 'I'iornoy, ' own-i i orn Hailo. Iaforrll e ha o mnd eo ri hcn P'rl,i. 3a ai. illo . 'I 'an h. 'l'o, antiend \t Leroy, hl:ltb'r it .,. ituh., l1utl nr Shl s ('oclirair. York 'Iir New MOrtIhInits inotel. Now openrid on the l Iropeai lasi, offers the following low ralte to transicut guests: $1.5; per day (pallor tO'r); tI per day (tilrd floor;; 75 e dnlts per day (fourth floor ,. Extra for moorn than one occupaunt, I special rates to theatrical people, aun per wniueut guuests. I.very room heated by teamn and lighted by elect oityv. lot and old water nd porceetIIin baths on erch floor. New harwcood furniture and brus sels cartet in guests' rooims, wid and spa cious lhallways curl eted with c ltllnrrt velvet. )luling room, tabli u'lhote. (juests will find good meals in the diningu room of this house, operated by the Misses Nagle. Meals Fl0 cents. Weekly rates to permanent boarders. l'ihyslic'ia Wanted. Good appearance, business ability and ambition as traveling representative In Montana for the largest surgical institution and manufactory of braces for deformities in the west. A firt-class opportunity for the right man. Call on or address 13 South Main street. Helena. Notlee to Mining Contractors. Bids will be received for the next week for the sinking of a mining shaft, from 100 to 200 feet deep. For full particulars call at theoffice of the Thomas Cruse Ravinge bank. The right is reserved to reject any and all bids. Sons of Veterans' dance. Tuesday, Dec. 6. WVanted. A lady teacher for primary work. Apply at once for particulars. Address. Geo. W. Crane. clerk of board. Fort Benton. Mont. Helena Lodge No. 3, A. F. &A. M. Meets first and third Santurday. A regular communication of the above namedlodge will take place at Masonic Temple, corner of Broadway and Jackson streets. thisevening at 7:30 o'clock. Mem bere are requested to Is prompt in attendanre. Sojourning brethren are cordially invited. C. B. NOLAN. W. 31. GEO. BOOKER, Secretary. P. O. S. OF A. Washington Camp No. 3 meets first and third Saturday evenings of each month at I. O. 0. F. hall: visiting brothers cordially invited. This is an American order; non-political. non sectarian and not unfriendly to good citizens of foreign birth. Qualifications for memborshin are: Native citizenship, belief in a supreme be ing, support of our public school system, oppo sition to any union of church and state1 and of any interference of any foreign power, directly or indirectly, in the affairs of our government. 0. t2. PALi.AS, M. F. MAjnos. iecording Secretary. President. The oldest fruit and pro- Established 1__8 dues house in Montana - LINDSAY & CO. -DEALERS IN- FRUIT AND PRODUCE. HELENA, MONTANA. Sweet Cider, S1 hipped in ( Fresh Oystors, Apples. C(ar Lots l Iressed Cranbeorries, and | Foultry and I.et;ons, For Sale aitme Oranges, at Received Daily Hananas. Lowest by Malaga Grapes)J rices. Express. ab* k.s HBabcok's FINE O FINE GRIPS VALISES For the For the p/orId's Inauguration OR [ai YOUR WINTER OR TRIP TO EASTERN TRIP. California. Finest and LATEST Largest SHAPES Stock in BEST The iSate. MAKES. A.. Our Customers Are not ashamed (of thir ::hr cs. People rarely are of nice appear ing and nice iitting apparel. OUR SHOES fit the foot, brace the ankles and afford the wearer comfort and general satisfaction. Our stock of WINTER FOOTWEAR is now complete, so this is the proper time to provide yourself with what you need in that line. CLARKE &FRANKL AwOe8J % C'LOAK DEPARTMENT. We offer this week special values in Ladies' and Children's Jackets, Capes Vnd Newmarkets. Our collection is not only larger and more attractive than at any Previous season, but is marked at lower prices than we have ever named on similar qualities. JIM FUR DEPARTMENT. Our display of Fur Garments, Fur Sets, Muffs, Boas and Scarfs embraces all the latest fashions in desirable Furs at prices low enough to place them within the reach of the most economical buyers. Special Mark Down Sale of IMPORTED DRESS PATTERNS continued this week. SANDS BROS. * * PATENTS.. United States and Foreign Pat. ents obtained and any information given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Attorney at Law. Plttabunrh loeek, Helena, Moot. To Loan Money at 7°, 8°0o, and 9°.0. Amount of Loan and Security determine the rate of interest. I am prepared to make loans promptly an amounts from $500 to $100,000 $100,000 Commercial and Short Time notes wanted. Also City, School, State and County Bonds and Warrants. No. 10 Edwards St., Helena, Mont. H. B. PALMER. PATENTS ," " - FOR INVENTIONS * * * Procured by the Press Claims Company. Equal with the interest of those having claims against the govern. ment is that of INVENTORS, who often lose the benefit of valuable inventions because of the incompetency or inattention of the attorneys employed to obtain their patents. Too much care cannot be exercised in employing competent and reliable solicitors to procure patents, for the value of a patent depends greatly if not entirely, upon the care and skill of the attorney. With the view of protecting inventors from worthless or careless attorneys, and of seeing that uiventions are well protected by valid patents, THE PRESS CLAIMS CC MPANY has retained counsel expert in patent practice, and is therefo -e prepared to Obtain Patents, Conduct Interferences, Make Special Examinationis, Prosecute Rejected Cases, Register Trade-Marks*and Copyrights, Render Opinions asto Scope and Validity of Patents, Prosecute and Defend Infringement Suits, Etc. If you have an invention on hand send THE PRESS CLAIMS COM, PANY a sketch or photograph thereof, together with a brief descrip. tion of the important features, and you will be at once advised as to the best course to pursue. Models are not necessary unless the inven. tion is of a complicated nature. If others are infringing on your rights, or if you are charged with infringement by others, sabmit the mattet, to us for a reliable opinion before acting on the matter. 618 F STREET NORTHWEST, P. 0. BOX 463, The Press Claims Company. o.WAS . JOHN WEDDERBURN, Managing Attorney. _"hCnt this out and send it with your inquiry. CARL GAIL, President. E. BUMILLER, Vice-President and Treasurer. H. UNZICKER, General Manager and Secretary. M. UNZICKER, Western Representative. GHIGA0O IRON WORKS, . a . a BUILDIS OF " a * * S Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills, Smelt ing, Concentrating, Leach. ing, Chlorinating, Hoisting and Pumping Plants of any AND-- capacity. Tramwvays, Cor liss Engines, Compound En Skips, Ore and Water Buck 1cin er ets, Wheels and Axles and all kinds of Mine Supplies. Sa0 Elluasvle Eastern Manafaeterers and Agents for a " J. 1. Bryan's Roller quartz Mill and Hendy's- Improved Triumph Concentrator Western Omoee General Omoe and Works, NO. 4 LOWER MAIN STREET, CLYBOURN AV. AND WILLOW ST. aelmas, Meolata. Chlago, ZIllnola