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The Helena independent. (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, December 11, 1892, Morning, Image 6

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WHISPERING ROCKS DAM
A Story That Tells How Some Yankee
Children Achieved an Ed
ucation.
They Built a Dam and Established
a Grist Mill That Proe
pered.
Hisen's Mills and Welsh Mountain Scythe
Stones-A Pretty Story of Life
In Vermont.
lWritten for TRE HELENA IN.DrENDZswN.1
T HE HIXON FAMILY OWNED
Welsh mountain, and although ii
` was a great satisfaction to the Hixon
boys on their few visits at Boston to tell
their city cousins that they "owned a
whole mountain," the mountain made a
very poor farm.
Rising out of a stretch of country un
usually level and fertile for Vermont. the
hill called in the neighborhood "Welsh
mountain" was rugged, rocky, and barren
to such an extent that it is was scarcely fit
for pasture land. The rains of ages had
washed away much of its soil, leaving great
bare ledges protruding from the ground
like the bones of half buried monsters.
But although a poor farm, it was a large
one and Mr. Hixon made enough from the
flocks of sheep that roamed over it to live
very comfortably as long as there was no
unuasual call upon his purse; but one sum
mer he suddenly awoke to the fact that he
had two boys clamoring togo to college and
a daughter who .,shed to take a winter's
course .a art in Boston.
Mr. Hixon shook his head dismally. He
could hardly expect to make the old farm
more productive. The flock of sheep was
as large as the place would carry,. and the
railway was too far away to make it profit
able to haul wood for ties. In fine, if John
and Ed were determined to goto college,
and Alice wished to study art, they must
provide the means themselves.
Many were the family councils about
schemes for raising money.
John thought they might quarry stone on
the farm, but this suggestion was overruled
ILIN ON TE DAMri
on the ground that every third farmer in
the county could quarry stone on his crem
iseo. Ed thought they miht make whet
stones irom the ledge of coarse whetstone
on top of the mountain, but water power
and machinery were necessary for that, and
the demand for Welsh mountain whet
stones was scarcely enough of an assured
thing to warrant going into the expense of
buying machiner --moreover, where was
their water power?
"Abel Johnson ia going to build a arist mill
on Morris brook," said Mr. Hixon one night
at supper. "It will cost him a penny, for
there is so little fall anywhere on the brook
that to get the proper hal I he will have to
build a very high and broad daim. But old
Johnson can stand it. He has skinned
enough out of peovle around here to run the
risk of lose. I used to own the vse y mill
site he is going to build on, but he beat me
out of it."
"My, if we had it now we could build a
mill ourselves," said Alice.
"Yes," said Mr. Hixon: "althoung the
dam will cost him a great deal, tie mill will
pay him well. All the farmesaaround here,
even west of the mountainsu have to take
their grain clear to Cartersville to get it
ground, and he knows it."
"If you bad kept the mill site we could
run a grist will and a whetstone factory at
the same time." said John.
"If," said Mr. lixon; "that's just it. If
we had a mill site we could talk about a
mill, The trouble is, we haven't any mill
site."
But Ed thought that perhaps they did
have a mill site after all. Taking a meas
uring stick, he set off by himself up th'
course of a brook that tumbled down the
mountain side rnst the farmhouse. About
a quarter of a mile abovethe house the br ook
flowed throuh a curious little circular
glen several acres in extent-an amphiithe
ater that looked as If it had once been the
bed of a small pond. The brook found Its
i ny out of the glei through a narrow cleft
between two ismall cliffs that iose to the
heiilht of ablout ten feet. The cleft betweenCI
these cliffs was fairly wide at the bottom.
but rapidliv narrowed toward the top, until
the summlits almost tCuche(d each other,
having such a curious resemblance to per
cots holdingl their he:ids together ill secret
consultation that the sxoniis led long
called themr "the whimperine rocks."
It was at this place that E:d stopped. He
be!ieved there coull here be built at smaill
expense a dam which, by a flunme, would
lurnish water power for a mill further
dowi the bill side. The appearance of the
Wiisp ,irriri Rocks had often cIaused him to
believe the glen had at some timi really
been the blasin of a small yond and that ai
vein of soft stlnime, finailly worn away by
the action of the suter, had bleuen where
was now the cleft between the rocks. Any
body could see that by walling up the cleft
a very good daei moull be nade.
EId followe I up the work, but he found it
inl ossible to form any estimate of tie
aimount of water lwing into it. IlThe ino
quality of the ground was so creat that the
volumnie of the flow could not be calciulated.
Here and there it sp:enad wide and shallow
over IIa little level; again it plunged over a
steel descent, diminished in width and
Ecarcelvinoreased in deptli. On an aiverage,he
reckoned, the brook was three feetwide and
one foot deep; but in estilmating tbhe uins
bor of barrels it would deliver ia minute,
the rapidity of the flow woull have to be
taken inlto consideration. lie concludled,
however, that the ldam would hold einougl.
to run thi mill all day, filling up ,very
night. He dec ded that the dam must be
built, and by himself and brothers, lie
did not like to call upon his faither for help
or Ihave him even know of the project until
it had socteeiiod or failed.
lie came down back again to the rocks.
Yes, the easiest way to build a damn would
be to wall up the cleft. He did not believe
that any wooden structure he could design
would reset the weight of the water; be
side.s the stone for a wall would cost nolth
ins--was practicasly on the soot. liot to
build it would be necessary to stop the flowi
of the water for several hours. A series of
small dans would do it. There were little
waterfalls every few yards atore the gleu,
ind any nunmber of small temporary dame
could be built. Of course the main portion
of the real dam could be erected of large
loose stones, while the water was still flow
inp. The inner facing was the only par
that need be impervious to water. Th,
supporting wall finished, the water'ooul
be turned off and the inner facina of sqnari
stone laid in mortar be made.
This was early June. By the Fourth ao
July the dam could and should be finished
What was the matter with a grand oelebra
tion to dedicate the mill dam on that day.
The faith of Alice and John was equal tc
his. The small brothers were pressed into
service and set at the novel play of build
ing the series of small dams above the glen,
Each consisted of a clay.plastered wall witl
an opening in the middle large enough to
permit the brook to flow through unhin
dered. When desired those openings could
be immediately closed by placing boards
across them, the boards being held in posi
tion by heavy stones.
While the Hixon youngsters were build
ing their dams, Ed and John occupied their
spare time in selecting stones of regular
shape, procuring lime and sand for mortar,
and building the supporting wall in the
cleft. By June 15 all the preparations were
finished. Nothing at all remained to be
done to create a mill site except making the
inner facing of the wall.
On June 16 the young Hixons repaired
early to the Whispering Rocks. There had
been a thunder stornu during the night and
the brook roared with full banks. But IEd
had determined to finish the dam that day,
and one after another the tens small dams
up above were closed by the younger boys.
The moment the brook ceased to truckle
through the glen Ed and John hurriedly
began the inner facing, while Alice looked
nervously on. Liberally bedaubed with
mortar, the square stones hail risen as high
as their waists, when El felt something
cold about his ankles. looking down, he
saw that the brook had returned to its bed.
In a few momenrts the brook rose a:most to
the height of the facing, the moist mortar
dissolved before it, and the water was soon
surging merrily through the chintks and
crannies between the rocks.
"We didn's have enough small dams,"
said the chief engineer.
"Probably." said John: "and next time
we'll do it after a spell of dry weather in
stead of after a rain storm."
"I don't believe you can keep the water
out long enough to give the mortar a chance
to dry." said Alice, dolefully.
It was some time before Ed spoke. Then
he said: "We're going to have a mill site.
We'll build dams thick between here and
the top of the mountain. Then we'll hire
all the force pumps in Cartereville and in
vite all the small boys for ten miles around
to come here on a picnic. You never saw a
boy who didn't like to squirt water. We'll
have all the darne shot off and relays of
boys at each dam squirting the water out
of it."
'Yes," said John, "we probably can get
fifteen pumps and about sixty boys. Bob
and Jim can invite their Sunday school.
We'll wait for a spell of dry weather and
we can carry the thing through. We can
keep the water out all the afternoon cer
tain, and that will be time enough for the
mortar to dry."
"It takes mortar a long time to dry,"
said Ed. "Your scheme is a good bne, but,
all the same, I am going to find out if there
isn't some kind of mortar or cement that will
harden under water. There mUall be or
they couldn't build breakwaters and bridge
piers. I am going to Cartereville to-mor
row to see a mason about it-perhaps I
shall hire one to come and build the wall."
The masons of Cartersville were, all en
gaged upon work that would occupy them
for several weeks, but one promised his
services for the 2d of July, and he instructed
Ed to procure somehy draulio cement-ce
ment that hardens under water and a cart
load of bricks. He gave him some instruc
tions concerning the way the supporting
wall of large stones should be built, but
said that the inner facing should be of
brick, as it would be impossible to build it
of the rough hewnltones they had used.
As El drove homeward he noticed on
trees and fences some large posters an.
nouncing that Abel Johnson would have a
teed and grist mill on Morris Brook in
complete running order by the 1st of Sep
tember.
Johnson must be forestalled. If his grist
mill were finished first he could keep the
HIixons out of business by temporarily
making his prices so low that they could
not compete. If the Hixon mill were fin
ished first and their trade established he
would not attempt this. The Hixon busi
ness would come from the farmers west of
the mountain, as Johnson's mill would be
three mlres farther away from them. The
farmer: east of the mountain would be no
likely to go to ('rrtersville as to Johnson.
Yes, if the Hixon dam could be finished be
fore Jol:nson had got his fairly under way
be would p: obably abandon it. Johnson
was a long sighted iman.
Ed was having a number of flume hoops
made at a roadside smithy at the foot of
the mounutin. The inquisitive blacksmith
had wormed his secret from him, promising
of course, to keep it.
"1 have been thinking." said the black
smith, as he put tihe hoops in Ed's wagon,
"that if your mill should be built, perhaps
your father would give me a piece of land
to put my shop on near the mill. One bus
iness helps anothe. While the farmers
were at the mill I could be shoeing their
horses, and when they came to have their
bo:ses shol they would bring grist to the
mill."
"A good idea:," said Ed. "First-rate. I
Inow father will give you an acre if you
want it. I wonder if you brother-in-law
the other side of the mountain wouldn't
come up with hii, sao e."
"No douit," said the blacksmith, heart
lyv. "We'll have a viliagq up there yet. I
expr:ct we can 5et a chu ch and school
house and then all we'llwant is a railroad."
As Ed drove on he wira full of visions of
i villagr on l elOli nlountain. He was too
sensible to believe that ia settlcment of any
size would gathe about the mill, but he be
lieved It qluite posarlbb, to have a store,
smith,, null and lerhals a creamery, all
aiding each other by the trade they would
bru.t to their colrmon locality.
Long befoe July 2 the hydraulic cement
and the loads of lbrcks wern deposited at
tihe Whisperiing irocks. :dr. HIxon hadt
been IIpriuitI- of the boih' plani anid hadil
entered into them. Althiui h hei laughed
when told of ti, , proposed vicnic with Its
adjuncts of sixty simanll bov and itteen
force-I umtin, he did nlt ihobjet, to it, but orL
the morn ni u f tihe 2 I rent two hayv-ricks toi
bring the ('artersville contingent to the
force-pputrnps.
At sevon o'clock the twenty-fi' small
drname were closed. Not all of the sixty
imall boys hed a rived, but there were
-nou2h to msks a .cent deal of noise as
they strord barefooted In t.e I:oork, clamoir
Ing for turns at thi I urns i peirhanl
chetred oiii by certain wlisipers of thie
y'uang IIixou- concer liiig ptus of dough
nuts lind shelves if pIres.
lhie onl.Hoi p onounced the iSulportintg
warll perfectly strorng. Asslstd by Mr.
Ifixon, Ihe r.plidlv laid the bricka of the in
ilrr feeing, ltd ard lJohtn bringling the ce- i
mrent and bricks. It had not rarlied sIces
tlhe first daIir-building and the brook was
qluite low. The nuimber of small bove ii
reascencdi, anrll I the l ce pumps ent fortlii
.toady atreauii. Still when tbhe runsnll
oteri tl upnir the a('iltrldhli, which the in
crersed height otf tie wall rmaude necn ary, I
water had beguni to gather about Iis feet,
rind in spite of tile twernty-five dames arind
lifteen fotrce pulocs and sixty small boys,
rosa two feet. lut soon it began to lback
ur' the glrn. andl as that wae a large sur
lace to cover. It rosea impercseptbly.
Thre hligher tile wall got the rnirrower it
get, for the cleft nrrrrawed iapidly toward
the to . At atbout three o'clock in the af
ternoon' the last brick was put in pince, and
the tiredr men and boys took their eyaes
from their work ti see behind thrn a imull
olend several acre' in extuet. After tile
nmall dams were let loose thie water lackedr
about five feet ofI being flush witlh the top
of the dam. But Ed knew It would bI,
flowing over it ii a few houlr.
The daim of the Whispering locks was
finished. In tho next few weeks a plaeit
was cut in the lock and a wariter gate put
in, and thu outer rface of the wall ii the
cleft covered with cemented bricks. There
were nmany sprlnugs tin top of thIe mountrnin.
Somre of these united to form the mill
Irrok; others were tLbo sources of brook.
flowstin in diffe nut direction,. 1y a little
smrple errngineering most of these springs
were made to drain into the nmill brook and
iin uulfailinu water power insured.
The mill eras built and had all the grist
it could grind. Stone saws were purchased
and Welsh mountain scethe stones are to
is found to-day in ill the strres of the
state. ''b blacksmith und his brother-in
law did locate beside the mill and although
the nhurcht itnd schoolhouse never cases to
[iouu's Mills. it has in addition to ite
other industrles a creamery, a ohees faee
toy and a wagon shop.
SIt is needless to say the young HliXon
got their education. Alioe went to Boetos
right away. Tbhe boys waited two or threl
Teare for their chance, and theft both wepi
toa scientfic sohool, graduated and cts
bao full of improvemente for "Hixotot'
Iluoklen's Arnlsa Salvo
The Beet Salve in the world for Outs
Bruises, Bores, Ulcers, Bait Iheum, Fevel
bCores, Tetter Chapped Hends, Chilblains
Corns and all Skln Eruptions, and posr
tively cares Piles or no money required. iL
is guaranteed to give perfect esatisfacton,
or money refunded. Price25 oentaper box,
For sale by H. M. Parchen & Co.
The fPee live begs to announce that they have
madel arrangement to deliver goods to all parts
of the city during the holiday rush, and all
early purchases mate for doliveor on Dee. 2, and
I'ec. "1 will h., taken cars of until that time and
deliserel promptly.
ALIAt Sr'MMONB-IN THE DISTRIC(
court of the First judicial district of the
state of Montana in and for the county of Lewis
and ( larke.
J. P. talval. plaintiff, vs. tlharlee 1. Ne
aht.y. Flora SNewbury Alfred eBourke, t. C.
S'larko, It. Brown and hapoleon Balvail, defend.
The state of Montana sends greeting to the
above nanlde defendants:
You are hereby required to appear inan action
brought against you by the above named plain.
tiff in the district court of the First judicial dio
triet of the state of Montana, in and for the
couuty of Lewisand Clarke. and td answer the
complaint filed therein, within ten . days
texlousive of he day of service) after the
service on you this summons, if served within
this count; orr.lf servete out of this county, but
within this district, within twenty days: other
wise within forty days, or judgment by default
will be taken against you, according to the
prayer of said conmplaint.
'1 Io said action is brought to obtain: First-
The foreclosure of a mortgago executed
by defendante Chas. B. Newbury. flora Newbury
ant . lfred Bourke. Oct. t 10. i1.. upon that part
of lot 14, in block S of lilake's addition to Hel
sna. ann in I swis and ( larke county, Montana,
deoscribed by beginning at corner of lot 14 anti
15 in said block on north side of Fifth l arorc;
thence north along the line between lots 14 and
15, 100 feet to northeast corner of lot 14; thence
west along north end of lot ie. .So feet: thence
south 100 feet to a point on north line of kifthe
svenue; thence east along north line of said
Fifth avenue 8.5 feet to the place of beginning, to
secure payment of a promissory note ny them to
dslondant Nrapoleon Ialvail of that date for
li,20to, due six months thereafter, with one per
cent poe month interest till paid. becond
.Judgment against def ndants Charles t !eaw
bury. Flora Newbury and Alfred I ourke for $48
interest due Ilec. 2 o, 1r tn, the payment thereof,
as is alleged, being ast hheld by an unreasonable
and vexatious delay, also legal interest on said
$38 from said date; for !1,200 with 12 per cent
per annum interest from uec. Itty lb9i, and for
costs of suit, including a reasonable attorney's
fee. Third--gainst all of tle defendants the
usual decree for the saide of said mortgaged
promises, applying the proceeds of such sate to
ward payment of said sums and barring and
foreclosing each of the defendant.' rights, claims
and equity of redemption in the sad premne.
Fourth--That the plaintiff have judgment and
execution against the defendants Charles B.
Noewbury. Flora Newbry and Alfred Bourke for
any deficiency which may remain after so apply
ing said proceeds. It is alleged that said note,
mortgage, and interest dye thereon has been
transferred to plaintiff and that e is the owner
of the same; that said mortgage is of record on
page 2144, in book 4 of mortgagee, of the reo.rds
of said coun"I and that defendants B. C.
Clarke. B. Broun and Napoleon Baltail have or
claim to have some interest in or claim upon
said mortgaged premisei.
You are hereby notified that if yenu fail to
appear and answer the said complaint, as above
required. the haid plaintiff will apply to the
court for thee relief demanded in said com
plaint
Grven under my band andthe seal of the dis
trlctcourt of the First judicial ditrict of the
elstate of Montana, in and for the
u--l-- county of Lewis and Clarke.
(eat First) this let day of eoember. in
Jid. Dist. the year of our Lord one thenou
Conrt. sand eight hundred and ninety
------ two.
JOHN BEAN, Clerk.
By C. W. BURTON, Dspttty Clerk.
J. A. Carter. Attorney for Plaintift.
UMMONS--IN THIE DISBTRICT COURT OF
the First judicial district of the state of
Montana, in and for the county of Lewis and
Clarks.
Nary IPlle Drake, plaintiff, vs. David Lawton
Drake, delendant.
T'he tatotol Montana sends greeting to the
above named defendant:
You are hereby required tJ appear in an action
broeght against youi by the above named ,laint itf
in the district court of the First judicial district
of the state of Montana, in and for the county of
Lewis and Clarke, and to answer thle complaint
tiled therein, within ton days exclusive of the
day of service) after tli service on you of this
aunlrmins, if served within this county; or, it
served out of this county, but withini tthidistrict,
witbin twenty days; otherwise within forty days.
or juldgment by default will be taken agamstyoa
accordig to the prayer of said complaint.
Ile wsod action is brougtlhl tuottin a de
cree of said court dissolving the bonds of mnatri
mony now ex sling betwvoen tl,o pllaintiff and de
fendant lpI n the ground of wilful desertion, a
moro full statement of whichl ppears in the
com}laint on hilt herein, to whichl reference is
ireby maile.
Andl you are hereby notified that if you fail to
appear and an-wrr thl aid complaint, . asbove
required, the said plaintiff will appIily to tho
court for the r.lief nlemal'dcd in the ctumtlaint.
(liven under toy hend and the sal of the dis
rict court of the F iret judicial dlistrict of tlie
Ptato of Montana, in and [or the
r-------, rcounty of lewis anit Clarke.
I Seal First this 5th day of l)eceulher, ill the
'. udL. Dlist. .- nor of our Lord one tlhoueand
I Court. J eight hundred and ninet)-two.
----l- OItIN IlEAN, ('lrk.
By C. W. ttl:OiiN, IDeputy Clerk.
.. M. Clements,. Att )rney for Plaintiff.
A LITA, SI MIMONS--IN 'I'llt: I STt:IClT
icourt ,f the First judicial district of the
slat,' If Mln aua in anid for tile county of Lewis
oni tl:irL..
.toselhine 1 assetta, plaintiff, vs. Louis Eas
reti:. Otfontlant.
Thli state o Morntsn:a sends greeting to thl
htiove named diofendait-:
You are hereby roetired to appear inan action
broiight against yull by thl saboev namedl Ilain
lill in .i:c lvtrict courtr if to i' irst juidicial dis
trit of it ,l statle o0 NlVntanus, ill and for the
outity ,f Lewis an:d Clarae, anot to answer the
cooilaint tiled therein, within ten days
tixclu.ive of the day of service) after the
ervict on you of this summons if served within
hit count); or. if served out of this coutty, but
within tlhi district, within twenty days: othor
wi-c within fiorty days, or judginent Iy ditfaitlt
will he takten tgoln.v ;iu, anevcltdintg to the
prayer ostaid ioisplainit.
I Its evi action i.- hluetht to dlistolve thte bonds
tf tliatriseonity horetof::r,: exiritingr ItetweoU the
:.luiintilt ont (Iltfllarltlout. tittl firt tite care, rtns
r',t:y liIti cntterrot niter lelan:_ ciiildir,,nt aind sctoh
)ti r nitd lurthlitr rsiit.+ Ii: t lilt. coturt toay
. tus Jt. aLtI and fc-r CO-it ii1 thi. f oehalf txltlldod
tire ae berby lrtoyiiil lii at ita tou f(ill oI
.lirtd tiat iolvr tihe vilfl etittitttiiti h, s tiioit
:iltsn attl l( 1e it ll it t (' (+ ;ttt]:|r hl it: O, I
(thven nlll'r Int, hlnnt Itntli -tal t f tthe dis
tris'tconuirtot tlii IL'r-t .l.+liuiia ilit'rivl i)f thelj
! t, ltlontana In annl for the
iticuty ,F l,'vwis anti (tlarks.
1-eallitrnt I this .;itlt dLy ovi N.veursttr. its
lttl. lit - tle ynnt ', oltr L.ord one tholn.
JOIN IIEAN. Cleric.
'',,.1 , iiite nstt:,:ri:s fye r Iplaintiff.
tu.g amd 'silll: c,)eItpatty at ith, OtILee vt said
etitltlltny it; retm ly lif the (sranit. blick, in
tihe city ot litilha. Iewis antI ( larkt ittuilty.
Not: i t,. ttil io:lltay. tltt It;tll aby tf Docelerber,
lnli. at t.o ii't<.lt,.k I,. iii.
'ti t iitttii .+ti . li cailtd fito Il:r t ic t ie o' sit sub
roiit uit.' o i rilyi ltlg a ct)nt ran.t Intal.. bh b 11. hllarbd
itt .1. t il;,ii' fur tl.o srertittil id utr a ti , n
atillll~ing It atll itn eslllUsi*ttitlt willh: it .}p tip erty
it:w ir l and tit ,to tiii nIiltt.,, it Ili. etltti:rtay. and
fir thel IelrDruo itt croatitig a tent ir cltargo)
it l i, t th ef nrfermanac of saidl t'tilitriti ifn liho
)ltrit t tll e (.Oviltall): and ftr te Iuolmtiie of
.trgtlg ar ontlate III said PreloricLs It. I.l gham i
sod Ilitchtrt ,t. Jilbleck, to t onahth- tlhtil ti, fully
rcary cut thl:. turun slid e.....litiine ittf bald con
1hi. i'arliultr tracte and Iditlva of trouerty tI
sel'ihrgi'ld with rlul lirn. ctltrlt annl entztte are
lcttirlled tl dootothos:
'Ls lteg'tntt:illart/,lode I:ittitug ctlitim. lo stcdi
ty .1.A. itr Omlltih. It Sith. .ih day olit nf i olutor. ,
snti I larks cOnittil t i Montina., nrti'lte t l,:if lobra
i otie nntdi 'li hik. r-uniy.p. FontelL
.1i,-, thu I'~gvn. e- lr ,ptr~tia notis itllting
cleitti. di eci.ro:l sndt l spatil herit. is.l 1it, sit.
Tlllll clti li..brut sts, ii t ,idris l, s.:) 1fit· i to
csllnty.0 ontasa: tHlrltrateo itt lIlealltal iti which
ltdeshcationst: rod 1. if l.. ll e itui..rllt rii i
and 'larktt ecin'y. :tatittnia. Attll tie sais dis
and pitt'seof i aid slrolorty atitv, dctertltd, as
hbie protosidl.
Ily order 'f the bItardl it truntnees.
A Mai.rrily of the boaril itt' rLatesL.
Lated Ilelonau. Mint., tov. i. 11i2.
Attorney at law.
Money to loan on improved eity and hi
nreperty.
APHBURN L BARBOUR.
Attorner and Coanellt at lawh
Masonl o Temple - Helena, Montana,
MASSENA BULLARDl
Attorney and CouangUor at law
Will practice in all courts of record in to
state. Office in tid Block Helena. Mont.
&IZER & KEERL.
Civil and Mining Enneers.
U. S. Deputy Milnaeral Surveyor. Mlneral pat.
ants secured. looms 12 and 18. Atlas Building.
holona, Montana.
'R. M. ROCKMAN.
Physioian, BSrgeon, Accoucher, Ocnllst, Aurist.
Member of San Francisco Medical Society·
also Nevada Stato Medical Soriety. Office on
Main street, over Steinmetz Jewelry Store.
DR. D. L. CARMICHAEL.
Diseases of Womenu and Children Special
Attention.
Helena. Montana.
jUMVONS-IN THE D)ISiTRICT COURT OF
L. the First judicial district of the state of Meon
tainsiand for the county of Lewis and a larks.
Snnoie C Kugler, plaintiff. vs. Martha laylor
Ecetrt :rehwabwe and b. A. lchwabe. defendants.
The state of Montana sends greeting to the
abovr. earUed defendant-:
Io are hereby reqluired toappeMar in an action
brnought against you by the above named plaintiff
in the district court of the First judicial district
of the state of Montana, in and for the county of
Lewis and Clarke, and to answer the complaint
filed thoreln.within ten lays (exclusive of the day
of service) after the service o t you of this sum
mone, if served within this county: or.if served out
of this county, but within this district, theou wlthi
twenty days, otherwise within forty days, or
judgment by default will be taken against you
according to the urayer of said complaint.
1noe said action is brought to obtain a decree
of this court for the foreclosure of a certain
mortgage described in the complaint and eoxe
cuted by Martha 'Taylor Eckert hchwabe and F.
A. ichwabe on the 3d day of March, 1810, to se
core the payment of a certain promissory note
made by them to Frances t'. Adams on the same
day. for $1101 and which was on the 21st day of
April, 1891, only aseisned to Annie C. Kugler as
described in the complaint herein, and which is
due with interest thereon from June 3, 1891, at
the rate of 12 8ter cent per annum, and interest
on $27 from Sept. 3, 1891, and interest on $27
from Dec. . 11391. and interest on $27 from
March 3. 189l and interest or. 27 from June 3,
18Ir2. at 10 per ent per anntum and that premises
conveyed by said mortgige my he uold and the
proceeds thereof be applied to the payment of said
notes and interest thereon and costs of suit.
For further particulars reference to the cum
plaint on file is hereby mrad,.
And you are hereby notified that if youen fail to
appear and answer the said complaint. as above
required, the said plaintiff will tael detai t
.sai.msr )rN-, -nu apply to the court for the relief
demanded in tho comnlaint.
(iven under my hand and the seal of the dis
trict court of the Yirst judicial district of the
state of Montana. in and for the county of Lewis
and Clarke, this 27th day of uctoter. tn the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
ninety-two.
[soAL. I JOHN BEAN. Clerk
By C. W. BURTON, D)eputy Clerk.
John W. Eddy, attorney for plaintiff.
TN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE FIRST
ajudicialdistrictin and for the contly of
Lewis and Clarke, blate of M ontana
In the matter of the guardianship of the per
eon and the estate of Easom bartlett, an insane
person.
Ie it remembered, that on reading the verified
petition of Henry C. Yaeger, the duly qualified and
acting guardian of the person and the estate of
Fasom Iartlett, an insane person, it appears to
the court from said petition that it is necessary
and will be beneficial to the ward that the real
estate mentioned in said petition, to-wit; being
the ow quarter of the no quarter and lot No. 2 of
section No. 6. township No. 10, north of range
t west, containing 79.75 acres of land situated in
the county of Lewis and Clarke, state of HMn
tan, t)be sold for the payment of indebtedness,
fees and expenses due by the estate of the said
insane person. leasom Bartlett. that all of said
factsso appear to the satisfaction of this court
by a veritbe petition filed herein, which petition
sets forth the condition of said insane person's
estate, its probable future expenses, its value and
the facts and circumstances upon which the pe
ttionh is founded, which petition shows a neces
aity for Pelling said real estate and which peti
tion ts verified by Henry C. Yaeger. guardian of
the person and the estate of leasom Lartlett.
it is therefore ordered by this court that all
persons inter-sted in said estate as well as the
neat of kin of said Easem lartlett. an insane
person, be and appear before this court on at
orday, the 31st day of December. 1892L. at 10
o'clock a. m.. to show canse. if any exists, why
an order should not he granted for the sale of
the above named real estate for the purposes
above named, the same to be made at orivate
sale, if after receiving bids therefor made under
order of this court, it shall be made to appear
that afll price therefor shall have been bid
thereon. the guardian having petitioned for an
tlhority to sell the same at private sale, and that
said order ftrther cortain a provision that any
residue remaining after the payment .f said
debts and expenses shall by order of this court
be inrested by said guardian for the benefit of
said ward.
It is hereby further directed that this order be
Sublished at last for successive weeks in the
Helena independent, a newspaper published in
the county of Lewis and Clarke, state of Mon
tana, being a newspaper published in the county
where this court is holden and where said real
estate is situated.
Done in open court this 26th day of Novem
ber, 1892. lltRACE it. BUCKC Judge.
STATE OF MONTANA, T O
CoUNTY OF LEwIe AND CLARKE
I hereby certify that the foregoing is a full
true, correct and compared copy of tie original
order directing publication of notice of hearing
on guardlian's petition for order to sell eal
estate. in Easom Iartlett estate, as the tame ap
pears tb. me of record.
In witness whereof, 1 have hereunto sat my
and and affixed the official seal of this court.
this 26th day of November. 1)92.
[SCALI JOHN BEAN, Clerk.
Iy i. O. FRMar.tAN, Deputy Clerk.
S HEtIFF'S SALE-ANN TOLMAN, PLAIN
tiff. vs. August Nagel, Gienevieve Nagel, F.
R. Wallace asndA. M. 'Ihornburgh, co-partners
doing business under the erm name and ityle
s.f Irallacs & Thornburg, Patrick A. Comer and
limothy Wilcox, lofendants.
Under and by virtue of un order of sale and
decree of foreclosure anti sale isosued out of the
district coulrt of tile First Judicial destrict of the
state of Mouttna. in and for the county of Lewis
and (Clarke, on thle dlih day of Norumber, A. D.
ti892. in tho abl,,ve entitled action, wherein Ann
'loiman. the aboe., named plaintiti. obtained a
judlment and decro of foreclosure and sale
agalnst Anouet NoSgrl. Ienetielve .sgeL. F. It
isillit,, asd A. H. 'thornburcch. co-partners do,
inc hueine nnunder the firm namu and style of
\I alisee A 'I h,rbururgt tatrick A. (',tmer alrl
'isothty Wi on. deteniactt, on the lith ilay
of NoveelUor, .A. It. lb9C. for th-l lslm of f1.4il,
brsides intereet, coute a(Id attornty's fte 5, wvhicil
said decree was, on the 12tm ,lay ..f Noaoimher,
A. 1)., Itel. retcrded in judgmcent botok _to.
"It" of said court, at Itsae .52. I aol com
,|lalle to sell all tlise certaiu lots. piesce iri
liareul, of land. sittuate. iying antI bing iu the
collnty .f le.wis anti clark.l satt. ,if Montoaia,
and botutdlel attid descrited as follwlo e, to-uit:
l.ot- tlltttereti thirty-one (:1t) and thlrly-two
:.2) iin block tuitb' red oine hittndr, d and thirty
fctltr 1:1Ih 11 tihe Mireg addition to tie city of
Ilolita, in sild countty andi state: each of said
tt hatiig a frouttage ~of tweoty-fiio (251 feet
ott ttliti a , •-ot ' rd a depth of one hundred
and twenty-fiue (12:.) to.t, as the saitd lots and
blo,.k are mors I~artltularly dlescribed upoti the
olticial ntno or iplat of esil addition n..w on fih,
as itrovi,.ltl bIy law in the ofiice of tihe conty
re'orler otesid t.sist.. tht-. tliore. tarticlttar
tt-ecrioti,,it of the setote thereon Ieing hereby
oltad' a tart lo'erttf.
Tticethor with all and singular tile titnemento.
horeiitraiinets ani aipnllrtonnni-es thereunto be
longing or in azlywito aplpeilrtaintnt.
I uiilie nultice is hereby gist-n, that on Wednes
day. tiheDot lsay itt eicetl~er. A,. 1) . 111,- at l2
o'clock m. of that lay, at tie frtnt door of the
sourt hoosl*. Ilelsna. lewie attI 'larko, couuts,
Montana. I will, in lobsliieniio to -aid order of sals
snul decree of foreclhenure atlll ralp, sell tite abote
descri-td prosierty, or so otlllct therle,f as olay
hol i-src,,sary to satisfy said jutdgieet. with itt
levsee anti Cottat. lit the htehtet and Iest b,dder,
foiven unsh er ani itaud, this 30th day of Novsm
t(:IAItL(Lh Mi. JI",FFEtlti, Shorliff
By RALPt' G. JOUNBoNtp. l)eptt Sheriff.
,TO(t'IMIITLING--M MEFTIINtI-NO'rlC-E It
'" hereby giv.n that ipursaunt to a ronolutits In
of tie boarsU of trtstee. , a meeting ,ft the stitch
holtiers if the lou Ilvlr tc'heoet, conpany will be
tltl et rosin 211 iower i~u'llisg, in the ciy .If
Ii, lena. Iltonana, on tte Ibth day of teanutary,
Ie;t, ;,t 10 o'clock in the forenoon of that day,
for tile ImrlosU, of slihmltti ng to salts t etc
holders thet 'tiseti ttli oit ilcreoaiug tile capital
stock of t he isault nt Riner chiwps eohlnaty totns~
hluutdrr d attl t5'l thol ladl (iftttl till: isllars; and
aIlo for Ih* pllrhl5Srte f su bmitting to said etcck.
ho.ders thts i1ut·eto (if ttorgauicltte sew s-dtl
pauy, and sI-i llttg and Iroanserrtllt to satd n-oln
pasie. us oigaiiz.tl. all property, real autd tsr
oniial. owned by tie eaidi nian lirer bhteep em
I)sted at ileteia. Montana, this 12th day of
Novetlbi,. 1532.
II. M. P'ARCIIiEN.
E. W. KNtisIIT.
Attest; B ounT llUsBEtL. lerritary.
m Ia T M A.PRCHjN ,& CO.'S
1 1 or the Largest and Finest Stock of
PERFUMERY and TOILET ARTICLES
In the city. Fresh goods from first hands at Eastern prices.
PARCHEN'S CORNER.
Are You Interested in Gold Mininllg?
If so, investigate thoroughly the wonderful results obtained by
the CRAWFORD MILL. This mill, from actual working tests, has
achieved greater results, grown in popularity more rapidly and is
to-day going into more mining camps than any other mill. Its
simplicity, cheapness, high saving powers on base ores fills a long
needed want, and hundreds of low grade base mines heretofore
lying idle can now be worked as good dividend-paying properties,'
No one interested in a gold property shoul4 fail to investigate this'
mill. Illustrated catalogues can be had and a working model seen,
and all information obtained by applying or calling at our office.
LINGHAM & EILBECK, Agents. Atlas Building, Helena, Mont,
Glarke, CGonrad & Gurtin
HARDWARE
Iron, Steel and N-ails.
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS.
WOOD AND COAL HEATING
*--STOZL S.
In ;All Sizes and at Low Prices.
Gooking Stoves AND Ranges
TELEPTIOH E 90.
42 and 44 ~ojuth Main Street, J-lelena.
CARL GAIL, President.
E. BUMILLER, Vice-president and Treasurer.
H. UNZICKER, General Manager and Secretary.
M. UNZICKER, Western Representative.
GHIGAQO IRON WORKS,
0 0 * " BUILDERS OF " a a a
Gold Mills, Wet and Dry
Crushing Silver Mills, Smelt
ing, Concentrating, Leach
ing, Chlorinatirg, Hoisting
AND- and Pumping Plants of any
capacity. Tramwrays, Cor
liss Engines, Compound En
S M ac gines, Boilers, Cars, Cages,
Skips, Ore and Water Buck
ets, Wheels and Axles and
I all kinds of Mine Supplies.
" " Exolusive Eastern Manufacturers and Agents for " "
J. B. Bryan's Roller Quartz Mill and ilendy's Improved Triumph Concentrator
Western Offiee General Office and Works,
NO. 4 LOWER MAIN STREET, CLYBOURN AV. AND WILLOW ST.
Helenas Montana. Chicago, Illlnolt.
PAT ENTS
s* * FOR IINVENTIONS * * *
Procured by the Press Claims Company.
Equal with the interest of those having claims against the govern
ment is that of INVENTORS, who often lose the benefit of valuable
inventions because of the incompetency or inattention of the attorneys
employed to obtain their patents. Too much care cannot be exercised
in employing competent and reliable solicitors to procure patents, for
the value of a patent depends greatly it not entirely, upon the care and
skill ot the attorney.
With the view of protecting inventors from worthless or careless
attorneys, and of seeing that inventions are well protected by valid
patents, THE PRESS CLAIMS CO'MPANY has retained counsel expert
in patent practice, and is therefo.re prepared to
Obtain Patents, Conduct Interferences,
Make Special Exami;iatioris, Prosecute Rejected Cases,
Register Trade-Marksdind C opyrights,
Render Opinions ab-to Scope and Validily of Patents,
Prosecute and Defend Infringement Suits, Etc.
If you hiave an invention on hand send THE PREES CLAIMS COM.
PANY a Fketch or photograph thereof, together with a brief descrip.
tion of the important features, and vou will be at once advised as to
the best course to pursue. Modeis are not nleces:ary unless tho inven
tion is of a complicated nature. If others are inlranging on your rights,
or if you are charged with infringement by others, satLbmit the matter
to us for a rehlable opinion before acting on the matter.
618 F STREET NORTHWEST,
The Press laims Company A. SHIOON N .C,
JOHN WEDDERBURN, Managing Attorney.
I-iC"at this out and send it with your inquir;.
.Furniture and Garpets.
Shades, Lace Offie
AND AND
Chenille Curtain. School Furnituri
J. B. SANFORD, Nos. 112 and 114, Broadway, Helena

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