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VOL. XXXIII.-NO. 08.9, HELENA, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER II, 1892. PRICE FIVE CENTS. REMOVAL SALE. TAI. REMOVAL SALE. During the last week of occupancy of RE V A, L SA LE While in our present quarters, present quarters prices of Prices Will Be Cut Furnishings And values will not be consideredO , by the bINlUl BLOTWNG UUl WILL BE CUT IN HALF. CANNON BALL CANNON BALL ANNONBAL From 119 North Main to 5 North Main. _ A...... M\FONDAY, the 12th inst., we will remove to the S.. quarters now being prepared for our occu " pancy. With additional facilities, we will be pre- " pared to offer advantages that cannot fail to induce purchasing by those interested. The lines will be *!' large and general, all marked in plain figures and "." ONE PRICE quoted to all. REMOVAL SALE. Ball Clothig Co. REMOVAL SALE. ONE WEEK LONGER. AT COST: Hats Caps + -TT HOMPe + Children's Clothing Sold without regard to Value NO. NORTH AIN ST. During uour stay in present by the quarters by the CANNON BALL AFTER DECEMBER 12. CANNON BALL LOSSIP ABOUT [CBINETS, The r/liaing of Them Scarcely Less Interesting Than a Presi dential Campaign. I.Emilton the Youngest and Great est of All theo Cabinet Officers. I'olltleal FRandal in Adams' ind Social Scarundl ,i Ielacksorn's-Crilo Ilnd Cakaolty liu Cblineta. EW YOIRK. DEC. 6,-IT WAS SAID of Abraham Lincoln that with two If excertions he had his cabinet in mind within a week afte: his elec tion, but if this be true, it is unusual. Mr. Cleveland is not likely to reach a decision upon the choice of his olficial family before the middle of February, and a good deal of his time between the formal rotiflcation by congress of that lesult will be occupied in the consideration of various names. Cabinet-making has been one of the most distracting, exciting and yet in toresting of all responsibilities which fall upon the president-elect, and next to the result of the national election public inter eat is generally centeed in the personality of those who will become the president's advisers. '1 he cabinet is frequently eloken of as a body constituting the oflicial advisers of the president, but this is a title of courtesy rather than of accuracy. It is to be inferred from the constitution that the president will have such a body around him, but as a matter of fact the majority of the cabinet as it is to-day was created by congressional legislation. Probably the youngest cabinet officer was Ahr xander Hamilton, and perhars so far as results are concerned he may be esteemed the greatest. He was only a little over t30 years of oge when Washington called him into the first cabinet as secretary of the treasury. Others quite as young as that may possibly have served in some succeed ins cabinets, although the reco:ds do not Indicate such a maturity. As secretary of the treasury Hamilton created the treasury department practically as it exists to-day. In one of his orations Mr. I)epew has referred to this extraordi nary evidence of Hamilton's capacity. The system of bookkeeping which he devised, the methods of checks and counter-cheeks, arnd in general the mechanism of the treas ury department is ptactically today what it was when Mr. Hamilton retired from the office. In the early days the secretary of state was regarded as in line of promotion to the presidency. Jefferson, Madison, Monroe and Martin Van luren all served in that oflice, but meace that time, with the single exception of James uclinnan, no man who has served is secretanr of state has been chosen to the preside:ici, and only two who have held that otfico hiaR\ bcon nominated, Mr. llaine and Lewis Cases. Until the time of John Quincy Adams, the choice of cabinet oilicers was a coin inriatvely easy on... but with Mr. Adams' acces!,iou to the p. .,idency there was de veloi ed i scandal ii tch in the opinion of historians as well as many politicians of tiLt day. prevented Henry Clay from reach itr the I residency. The election of 1824 wisn thrIwn into the house of representa tiveS. Mr. Adams. len. Jackson, Henry Clay and William H. Crawford had been the l.eading presidential candidates. The fri ends of Clay decided to cast the votes of the states which they controlled in collation witl the vitees f tll, states teat DM. Adams' friends controlled, and thereby Mr. Adams was elected. lie ai pointed M'. Clay his seoret,,ry of state, and it was charged that he did so in fulfllnient of a bar gain. The eccusation raised violent pas sions, it was vehemently denounced and as violently maintained. The opinions of his torlans are that no actual bargain was made, Lbt that a tacit understanding at least was renohed which carried Mr. Clay into Mr. Adams's cabinet. 'I he first violent contention in a cabinet occurred during Gein. Jackson's first ad minist.ation, and it all arose over Peggy Eaton. Mrs. Eaton was a very beautiful woman, who ha.l married one of Gen. Jack son'e wasrmeet supporters, and when she becamce a cabinet lady society turned its Ilack upon her. Mrs. l~nton had been by all accounllt as lively ansshe was charming, dnd some thlngs were said stout her which caused other ladies of the cabinet to look upon her with avertea glances. A mighty temnest in a ten pot was developed \nd Gen. Jackson being a iman who clung to tis friends with tentacity, stood by Peggy Eaton and her husband ansd recast his cab. inet. Martiu VanBuron, with that luck which attended him until 1840. escaped this trouble, although he was secretary of state. If Vanlsuren had not been a widower, and his wife had been of the sanme dies ositiou as some of the other ladies of the cabinet, the hbaices are he would never have been pres ident of the United States, for Jackson would have turned hiu, as he did others, adrilt. A dreadful calamity befell President Tyler's cabinet. The navy department had invited the president and some other guests to take a sail upon the new vessel the Princeton. and to witness the experimental firing of a new cannon. On the second dis charge the gun exploded. killing two mem bers of the cabinet and sel iously woundinu some of the guests. President Tyler would himself undoubtedly have been killed had he not been delayed in the cabin, and his absence was not noticed when the gun was fired. The most tragic experience of any cabinet officer was that which Secretary Spencer. who was at the head of the war department In Mr, Tyler's cabinet, was called upon to face. His son l'hillilr, a midehipmanu, was hanged at sea for mutiny. He was a more boy, a dare-devil sort of a follow. and the tragedy very greatly stirred the country. especially in view of the fact that the father of the boy was secretary of the navy. The circunistance led congress to pass a law providing that the death penalty should not be inflicted until the admlnlstration had opportunity to review the sentence of the court-martial. James K. Polk was the first president to recognise men of literary quality by call ing them to his cabinet. He appointed Georse Iancroft, who had then begun his history of the United States, a member of his ooicial family, and he also called into that circle James K. Paulding, who was well known as a novelist and journalist. It is not generally known that Jefferson lDavis was once a cabinet officer, but he was Franklin iierce's a cretury of war, enter ing a cabinet which succeeded that one or ganized by his father-in-law, Zachary Taylor, who was not of Mr. Davis's pollt ical party. In 186i0 Mr. Lincoln had before him a greater difficulty in se:octing his cabinet than any of his predecesore. He was the first president of a new patty, and this rarty was composed of many elements which had united for a single purpose. 'Lincoln when he was nominated was far less conspicuous a member of the party than a number of other men. Mr. Seward, for instance, had been long in the public eye, and his pre-eminent qualities had been recognized even by his political oppo nents. Salmon 1'. Chase han been idolized by a certain element which had come out of the democratic tarty. Simon Cameron was esteemed as one of the ablest poli ticians of his time. These men and some others had been conspicuous candi dates for the presidential nomination, while he who seemed to have less personal influence and no political machinery at all, was chosen by the Chicago convention. 'Ihurlow Weed says that he called upon Mr. Lincoln soon after the election and had a long talk with him about the cabinet. He was amazed to find that Lincoln, though wholly unacquainted with public life, at least from versonal experience, had never theless a marvelous conception of the ele ments and influences which should guide him in the selection of the cabinet. He said to Mr. Weed that he had deter mined to call to his cabinet four metan who had been conspicuous candidates for the nomination and who had received consider able support in the bonvention. His theory was that these men represented influential elhimnts in the party, and for that reason should I,e recognized. lie had determined, hie said, to nominate M . heward for secre tare of slate. Seward being his leading competitor. For secretary of the treasury he had fixed upon Gov. Chase. For seore tary of war he had decided to appoint Mr. Cameron, believing that lie had spemlal ex ecutive ability for that post, and for attor ney general he had fized upon Edward Bates, who represented the Western whig element, and was a very able lawyer, with a strong support in the unational con vention. He had about m.ade up hIls mind to appoint Caleb It. Smith, a man now al nmost forgotten, bat then one of the most influential of western poltiolans. aud a very brilliant stump speaker, to one of the other offices. and that left but two. Mr. Weed has said that lie was amaze.l to see with what seeming ease this mant had solved a problemu which seomed at first eight to be so difficult of solution. )Only one cnbiinet office gave Mr. Lincoln anxiety, for he had promised the vies-president elect, Hannibal Hlamlin, that he would on Mr. Hamtlin's recolmmlendation lname the New England member of the cabinet. and Mr. llamlin had decided to suggest that of G(deon Wellee. ot Counnectict. Mr. Lin coin wanted someone who represented the southern. or tit least the border element of the t-arty. lIe would not ta:ke Henry Winter Davis, because. while recog nizing Mlr. Davis' brtliant ability, he bu liherved bhn an uncontrollable mlan, capable of doing better service in the house. Ther names of one or two Virginia whitgs were suggested, but these woere tot satisfactory to Mr. Lincoln, and he inutlly hit upon MOuteolntutry Blair, who wais a union-whig. Mr. Lincotln did not think it necessary to keep his purposes absolutely seoret. lie made no formal annoulincement of them, but he permitted his intentions to leak out, so that before he was inaugarated the coun try knew fairly well whom he would call to his cabinet, and there was great discussion as to which membler of the cabinet would dominate Mr. Lincoln and the cabinet as well. 'lhs improesson existed that either Mr. Seward or Mr. Chase would obtain an premany. Within a month after the cabinet was organized it was discov ered who was the master. It was a great cabinet, every nlan in it was of commanding ability, and yet within six weeks they found that Mr. Lincoln would acknowledge no member of the cabi net as anything else than his constitutional adviser. Mr. Seward was daring enough to make the experiment of suggesting to Mr. Lincoln his policy while promising himself to see that it was executed, and in a mo ment, with great courtesy, but greater firm ness, Mr. Lincoln revealed in the presence of the cabinet his purpoes to make himself his policy and himself to execute it, and from that day his cabinet was his servant. Lincoln handled his cabinet with extraor dinary tact. It became necessary to make a change in the war department. and Cam eron instead of being sent into retieement was permitted to go to Russia as the repre sentative of the American government: and then followed a revelation of Mr. Lincoln's supreme capacity in handling men. Some three years before Lincoln was nominated for the presidency he was re tained as original counsel in an importaint patent suit. It was a case involving a great deal of money. Mr. Lincoln's pro fessional pride was aroused, and moreover he had the promise in case of success of a larger fee than he had ever earned. Thl trial was to occur before the United States court sitting at Cincinnati. and it was deemed advisable to call into the case two or three other eminent counsel. One of these was a lawyer who had won great re pute, especially in patent cases-Edwin M. Stantoin. Mr. Stanton and some of his associates met in ia hotel in Cilucinnati and there for the first time saw Mr. Lincoln. With char ioteristic disregard of some conventiouali ties, Mr. Lincoln had appeared in the hotel wearing a linen duster. 'ITe day was very warm, end he had errspired so freely that the marks of his suspenders were plainly reovealre upon the back sit the ulster. lie was in a room opening luto that in which Mr. Stanton and the other counsel were sitting, althlough they did not know it. lie heard them discussing who should make the oral arIgumIents to the court, for inot all of the lawyers we: e to be pernuttod to do that. Lincoln wias very anxious to make one of the arguments hiriself, for he had poent great pains in preparing it. lie hbirard Mr. Strutorn any sonme thilngs that cut him to the quick, for Stanton spoke in terlms of reproach of this uncouth prairro lauwyer, who was wearing a sweaty coat about the hotel, and intimating that he prcesumed his argument would be as musty as tire coat was. ir. Linroln swallowed his pride, volun tarily oflered to submnit his argument as a brief. and keenly feeling the contempt of Stanton, nevertheless asked Mr. Stanton to, lmake oine of the arguments. Four years lnltr i'roridetet Linreln aint for Edwin Ma. Stairnton and said to rlims. "l1r. ~ntlalrtol, (ien. Cameron is to retire from the war tie pLariltent and hits iaccepted the ltursian nlisslon. I have sent to yiu to ask you to naccept the place thus luade varrant." ointe mien who have been ipresldentr would not have been great enough to overlook the slight which Mr. Stanton bestowe,l upon Mr. I.ncoln sni that (linlrnratl hotel, but Mr. Iinooln, with his uerrrrin judginmeit if mrien. knew that SiInton had such quality ins wousld isnlko htiin abile to direct tlhe olirr niosal reerpronsiiulity of the wiar dleparirtmint durilng the oemorgeinere of the civil war. \Vltlh no other inembellr of Ilie clint wine Mr. Lincoln so intiiate is he wIat with Mr. Stinton, and tupon no lman did l r. Stanton ever bestow nuch a menasure of rtf foetion as he gave to liniroln. Lincoln's treltinlent of Secretary blinas was erqually tactful. lii reconrnized fully iMr. ('uaie's extraordinary ability iu hand ling the treasury department in times ot grent peril and emergency, and he alec realized those weaknesses of temperament which limited Mr. Chase's ability some what in the opinion of those who knew him best. Most men would have made Chase an enemy by sending him uncesemoniousl3 from the cabinet; Lincoln waited in pa tience until the death of Chief Justice Ta ney made it possible to transfer Mr. Chase from the cabinet to a poet which is re garded as second only to the presidency. President Johnson retained for a time most of the members of Lincoln's cabinet but his quarrel with Secretary Stanton pre cipitated the antagonism which was de veloped between himself and congress ever to the point of his impeachment by the hc.ase of representatives. Curiosity and excitement were raised tc the highest pitch in the interval betweer iGen. Grant's election and inauguration or account of the secrecy which he maintained regarding his cabinet purposes. Grant had been known as a silent man when engaged upon the field, and he now showed thae in civil life he could maintain that rep utation. The papers were filled walt speculations and guessee. and yet as the tilne for inauguration drew near it was ap parent that Grant was keeping his counsels well, and it was expected the he might even send nominations to the senate without havinug first learned whethe the men thus appointed would accept That he made a mistake by such secrecl was evident as soon as the cabinet was an nounced. The nomination of A. F Steow art, the merchaut prince of New );rk, to secretary of the treasury was made, and thi senate was obliged to send word to tresiden' Grant that Mr. Stewart could not becon firmed. No one had any personal objectior to him, but lie was ineligible under thi statutes, being engaged in the imlporting businues. It was proposed, and it has beet said that Mr. Stewart himself made the nsugestion. that he retire from business making his great establishment over t, some one else. But the senators declaret that that would be regarded as an unworth evasion of the law. Grant was obliged t( withdraw Mr. Stewart's inaie. Within twa weeks he was also compelled to recast hit cabinet. lie had nominated l:lihu 1) Washburn secretary of state, but it is un derstood that Mr. Washburn took the otIier knowing that hl could retain it but a short time. Mr. Washburn was sent as miuistei to France., aini Hlamilton Fish, of Nev York, beciruo secretair of state, in whicl oflite le served throughout (len. Grant'i two adtinistrations. bolng the only teiem ber of the cabinet who remained with hlue through the eight years. Grant w:as th(e filt to break the poo dent ty selectilllg two mIembers of his cab inet frosm the sitee state. Gov. Iloutwell of tIaseachie tsretts, was his searetarr of lth treasury, while i". Itorkwood liho, of tilt sainte state, was his attorney- general. iMr liear's experiteneo Illustrates the principls adouted by the senate; although Mr. lione was urlitnulmoutsly conlirtled as attorney geieral, ie was rejected when nltuituiatutI for chief justice. rThe unwritten law of the seniate I thlat ill cabinet nourlnatilona are to be cotliirlued unless the nominee, its it the casn of Mr. Stewar t, is nilgllblo,, the i,toa being that the tresildent has the righ to soleet without objection his udvisaers. (ten. ((rant had two unfortunate exi-eri trnces. perhalps thre. Otne was with Gov tJewell, his piatiaaetor general. What the truibl, was la eno ve- beoon sartainctot ily cpl lniume, but (iefn, (raint dIouatiule sud dlmly ,lowell' resign ,thou. lien. Ulsiknaip Ii-: werotary of war, was imt hliceted by t rnl:lreuss eotllrlntto-e inl the staie of a I on traderhlip, and lit, oteroIl his relgunattiu bfortr (tien. Girnt could dmuand it. Year later it was understood that in that iase while Mr. ltelknapl was legally responsible pet he had been an unwilling victim tof most deplorable and sorrowful conipirnoy, not political. President Hayes in the selection of his cabinet broke another precedent, and did it in an astonishing manner, He nomi nated for postmaster-general David M. Key. who was a conspicuous member of the party opposed to that which voted for Mt. Hayes. I hat had never been done before. The senate hesitated somewhat before con lirming Mr. Key. .Mr. Hayes' reason for making the appointment was said to be that he desired to reveal to theseetion from which Mr. Key came, he being a citizen of Tennessee, that the new administration de sired to bury all sectional animosity. Probably Gen. Garfield had as much trouble making up his cabinet as any presi dent. Politicians in the state of New York were almost imperious in their demand that Levi P. Morton should become his eoretary of the treasury. The keystone of Garfield's cabinet was the seeretary of state, which he had determined to offer to Mr. Blaine. But he complained bitterly that he could not complete the arbch. He left his home in Ohio for Washington a few days before the inauguration, and was then utterly at sea about his cabinet. He desired Senator Al lison to take the treasury department, and it was scarcely twenty-four hours before Garfield was to be inaugurated when Mr. Allison deelined, and that made a re-cast necessary. Senator Window, reading in the papers and discussing with his friends in the senate cloakroom the stories about Garfield's cab inet, never dfleamt that he would be .~atd to solve the difficulty. He was sent for, en tered Gsarfioldes parlor as a senator of the United States and, somewhat bewildered, departed from it. havintg left with Gartfield his promise to become secretary of the treasury. Thomas L. James received a telegraum from Whitolaw Itsid which caused him to pack his gripsaock in a hurry and hasten to Washington from New York. Then he nuet Garfield, who said to him. "Mr. James, I arn going to nominnto you for postmaster-general." General James was so astouished that he does not know to this day exactly what he said to Garfield in reply. A hasty letter was sent to Wayne traucVeagh in which AMr. Garfield simply said that he should nomin ate him for attornrey goueral, but the greatest surprise was that which befell that man who becanie secretary of the interior. ()n the morning of thei day that Garlield's nominations were sent to tire senate, one of the younger senators went to Governor Kirkwood, then senator froum lows. and said to himl. 'Governor, I would like to have your seat in the senate." Hie uean.t by that that he would like to occupy Kirk wood's chair, it bering it imore desirable one than the seat he then hald. "\'ant my chair? W\hy, I've gt four years tot to serve, and I don't expecrt toi .e. W\Vhat is the snatter with yo)ur two s.unt'" "Whyr, I hear that you a.e going into the cabinet to-dity." "Nonsunsie, the idea is ahnird," was Kirkwood's reply. And yret within iiu nl.hr the nomlnatirons for the cabinunt , tonei, i.,, and there amolr; theiun was the, Iritnte of Salmuel J. Kirkwoou d for secrretary Iof the iUtorior. 'Ith. loiok of aumaieilllelt whiehlr camle rover Kitrkw.od'r culti:ouuot.u. was somoethin.g wondlrful to seet. ()n the dearth of Ga.;rdeld all If his oabl not tondtered their rueignutilrral to his Iurl cestair, 1' esidlnt t Arthur. It1 rfufeld it) aecepit any uof thern at the tlluo. lut when Arthur rutired fronti the ii :eeiidency the only iorsrnr.al auumher of (.srfield's cain:ttes who went out with hirer waits tc.utlrry Liru Alter ('l1rvlanud war elected lie resignied thll governorship of New Yi Ii, hired a sullll house its Albany, anld, utterly iuex teienoed, set about makuing hsa cabinet. 1 he keystoue with bit was the treasary de. itmuent, which he had determined to