A Well Ksown Mining man Gives
at -Aosunt of The Mines
The ledge. e not Only of Good
Size but Extremely
The Miaeal Bearing 3elt net Small as
*Suppoeed, but Eatenda Over a
L. U. Ruaeaw. who has recently returned
from a trip to the Idaho diamond .elds and
the Slocan mining country, gives the tol
lowing account of the latter region in an
interview with an Ieaasearnur reporters
"I have." said Mr. Remoan, "beae in the
exploring and prospectiag basinese for a
number of years, have been in the prlagei-,
pal mining districts of the United States,
Mexico, oentral and South America, but
ean candidly may from present indicatiens
that the Slocan district surpasses anything
I have ever seen so tar. Net only are the
ledge. of good size, but extremoly rishk
both in silver and lead. From eighty-seven
sample taken from so many proppties, not
pioked speimens, but average of *te whole
ledges, the result by assaying 1yae 178
ounces Ag. and 65 per ent Ph., Thich in
my opinion is a most remarkably fine
showing. In some of the properties a very
rich faulite is found which gave assay re
salts as high as 1,400 ounces Ag. The min
eral bearing belt le not small,
as previously supposed, but extends
over a large scope of grand
mountain range. I commenced my inves
tigations on a creek probably two and a
half moiles mouth of New Denver, the creek
known as Four Mile creek and found some
excellent prospects. The best showing,
however, was at a property owned by Grady
& Co., which has the mineral exposed for
nearly 8,000 feet I vimited thirty-two min
ing locations on th. above creek and found
all those ledges in a very healthy condition,
ranging in size from fifteen inches to five
and a half feet. From Four Mile I went on
Carpenter creek and there saw phenomenal
ly rich ore bodies. The Wonderful, Siocan
Star. Eureka, Frodie Lee, Bollander,
Wellington, Bertha, Minerva and. Surprise
are extraordinarily fine properties. Ore
from the very surface of the ground can be
shipped from either one of these properties.
All these mines are on one lode, and in my
opinion this is the mother lode of Carpen
A good deal of work has been done on
some of the properties. The Wonderful
is opened by a tunnel of seventy feet. which
exposes very near three feet of fine clean
galena, but the main ledges have not been
reached ret. The Slocan Star is opened by
three tunnels~ of seventy and 100 feet re
spectively. Tunnel No. 2 crossmuts part of
the ledge at a depth of 100 feet and ex
poses nearly four feet of galena and not less
than seven feet of a concentrating ore.
Tunnel No. 8 will erosscut the ledge at a
depth of 180 feet.
"When I visited the property last the tun
nel was about 100 feet in length and showed
more or less mineral in the face, although
no wall had been reached so far. The
Eureka elaim has a tunnel over a hcndred
feet running with the ledge. At the month
of the tunnel the ledge is ten feet wide with
--4e-uatnaa halffeet of very fine conoen
trating ore. About 150 feet above the
month of the tunnel a magnificent body of
olean are is exposed. The Fredie Lie,
when I visited it lasm, had three tunnels
where ore was taken out by a day and
night shift. In tunnel No. 8 a beginning
was made to sink a winze. There were per
hape 200 tons of very fine ore sacked at the
mine awaiting shipment. The Bollander is
opened by an open cut and exposes a
healthy looking three and a half feet ledge.
with a fine ore showing. The Wellington
has an opening on Carpenter creek on a
grass vein which is of good size, but has
hardly any ore so far to speak of. The
Bertha, Minerva and Surprise have been
stripped for quite a distance, and show a
fine body of shipping ore.
"On the north side of Carpenter creek
great activity prevails. The most noted
work, however. has been done on the Blue
Bird and it is with pride the owners show
the oecasional visitor a fine mine. There is
now a gang of men employed building and
grading a trail from that mine to the Kalso
and Slocan wagon road for the shipment of
the large amount of ore on the dump await
ing transportation. The Ruecan property
im probably the only location on Carpenter
which has so far no showing of development
although the property im considered a good
one in every respect. The Chambers
group of mines through some open outs
show a large body of concentrating ore.
The Idaho, an extension of the Blue Bird,
shows a fine body of three foot galena.
The Noble Life grone is well opened by
tunnels and open oute, which expose good
mize bodies of shipping ore. The Train
Lake basin, on the south side of Carpenter
creek, just now is attracting more Spokane
mining men than any other section. All
the ores on Carpenter creek are lead asl
phites intermixed with fanlfte, soye the
ores from the north fork of Carpenter
creek, which are of a more complicated
ctaracter for the metallurglat, such as
untimonidem. armenides, tetrabedrites,
pyrargynte and parteite of great richness
A BLUE LAW SUSTAINED.
Conviction for Publishing a Sunday News
paper in Pittsburg.
PMILADELPOIA, Jan. 8.-The supreme
court has handed down a decision confirm
ing the legality of the old blue law of 1794,
in relation to the publication of Sunday
newspapers. The case upon which the de.
eision was rendered was that of Thomas
Matthews, publisher of the Sunday Leader.
Matthews was convicted of publishing and
issuing his paper on Sunday, Dec. 27, 1891,
under the act of 1794, which prohibits the
following of worldly pursuits on the Sab
bath, save those that are an absolute neces
sity for the wants of the community. The
supreme court, in affirming the decision
of the lower court, gave as its opinion that
the law upon the subject is plain and that
it could do nothing but interpret it as it did
and confirm Matthew's conviction. The
court 6ays that the framers of the act of
1794 could not foresee the growth of news
papers or that they would possibly have ex
empted them nuder the provisions of the
act. The court, in conclusion, commends
the act, but says that a too liberal enforce
ment of its provisions may lead to its re
peal, and that it is in more danger from its
friends than from its foes.
A Sensible Suggestion.
Here is a suggestion from the Chicago
News Record: The birth records of New
York and other cities show that hundreds
of innocent babies will carry a life remin
der of this anniversary season. The name
of Columbus is being saddled upon them,
and where sex suggests a necessary varia
tion Columbia is substituted. Spare the
little ones, and especially the girls, for in
future years the name will be an almost
infallible guide to the age. When it is
known that a lady's name is Columbia it
will be perfectly natural to may that "she
must have been born back in 1892."
High and Low Salaried Governors.
New York pays her governor $10,000 a
year, and gives him a house and allowances
for keeping it in order; New Jersey and
Pennsylvania pay their governors $10,000 a
year, but do not give them houses. Ohio
; aye him $8.000, and California and Illinois
pay $6,000 a year each. Ten states pay
$5,000 a year each, and Oregon and Ver
mont pay $1,500 a year each to their gover
ý h J
""!ý .p M.
JOTTIN(S ABOUT TOWN.
The skating at Broadwater lake was good
The menate will meet at 10 a. ce. to-day
and the house at two p m.
A regular meeting of the oity council will
be held tomorrow evening.
The national banks of Helena will hold
their annual elections to-morrow.
All membere of Rocky Mountain Eneamp
ment No. 1 are requested to attend the in
stallation this evening.
'The presidential electors will meet in
Helena to-day at noon to cast their votes
for preeldeat and vice president.
Members of the Helena bicycle club took
advantage of the lune weather yesterday
and the good roads to take a run into the
Judge Hilger eame in from the Missouri
river dam yeeterday. The ice broke Thurs
day and broke the cofer dam and delayed
work for several days,
Charles Persell and " Kid" Gallagher, of
Butte, have signed artiolesfor a conteat be
fore the Helena athletic club on Jan. 27,
the winner to receive $600 and the loser
There will be a meeting of the Board of
trade at their rooms in the Gold block,
this evening, at 8 o'clock, to welcome
the new ofilors who will be in charge of
affairs for 1898.
Sheriff Dan Kennedy, of Wisconsin, left
Helena yesterday for that state with John
Hundula, upon a requisition granted by
Gov. Rickards, Hundnia is wanted in
Wisconsin for assanut with intent to kill.
He is said to be a desperate character.
The Columbian association hold their
regular meeting at three this afternoon at
the Board of Trade rooms. It is partian
larly desired that those who have been
gathering statistics or who have been put
on committees for any branch of the work
will be in attendance to report progress, as
the time for further work in these lines is
very limited. Delia A. Kellogg, secretary.
Mrs. Catherine L. Beach is negotiating
with Manager John Maguire, of Butte, for
a short engagement in Montana. She will
make her debut at Chicago next month,
having graduated after two yeare' study, at
the Chicago conservatory of dramatic art.
Mrs. Beach lived several years in Helena
teaching music. Mrs. Beach is the lady
who was, at one time, regarded as the sno
oessfut rival of Ada itehan as a model for
the Montana statue of justice.
Hen. Lee Mantle, of Butte. is at The Hel
G. W. Brown, of Billings, is at the Grand
Dr. A. H. Mitchell, of Warm Springs, is
at The Helena.
Foster Williams, of Granite, is at the
Hon. E. H. Goodman, of Townsend, was
in town yesterday.
Fletcher Maddox, of White Sulphur
Springs, is at The Helena.
Thomas McCormick arrived in Helena
ye terday from Townsend.
Daniel MoNeill and Mrs. McNeill were in
town yesterday from Boulder.
M. C. Foreman and Mrs. Foreman, of
Empire, are at the Grand Central.
C. E. Woodworth and Mrs. Woodworth
are at the Grans! Central from Missoula.
Editor J. H. Quinn, of the Butte Miner,
arrived in town yesterday bor a short visit,
Speaker Matthews and Hon. A. H. Bray,
accompanied by Mrs. Bray, returned from
James Whitcomb Riley left for Minneap
olis yesterday. While in Helena, a city
which he classes as the finest west of St.
Louis, he was the guest of old Indianapolis
friends, Mrs. Braden and her son Eugene.
Among those fortunate enough to enjoy the
royal hospitality of the hostess and the
poet's good fellowship were Hugh McQuaid
and W. C. Buskett, woo were entertained at
a dinner Friday evening.
Arrivals at the Grand Central.
W 11 Ralston, Chotoan U WV Cundy, St 1'aul
(has Psedeloup, Chii- (1 \V Brown, Billings
cago Thoimas McCormick,
F E Irish, Fargo '1 ownsend
Dlan tcosciti, Boulder Mirs SUrNeili, Boulder
'[ho W nMurphy, tort James H Arnett, Fort
Cl) Jerueris, city T 1' ilohorts, city
G Hughes, Butte F It Norton. Hope
C Ii 11 eodworth, Mis- Bra \\ oudworth, Mis
D ii O'Neal, Blasin li u f oremans, Empire
Mrs Foreman, Empire It b Hyatt, Townsend
C G lludseye, Avon Wi A loll, Silver City
Fe Badbourne. Towns- sstsr Williams, tran
Ed Burke, Anaconda James Conley, Deer
D E Bwinehart, city Lodge
EP Butler. city Julian F Burd, city
J A Brown, Duluth He isoodman. 'lowne
J1 Weisei. hit Joe. Mo end
Arrivals at The Helena.
C M Winant. New York C H Davis, New York
lion AF Bray, Butte Mies Beattie, Butte
Mrs A F bray, Blutte '1 homes iHathsws,Butte
J L Churchitll, Bsutte J Mchnight, (rsat
J A Allen, New York Falls
Sidney Bates. Ban Iran- Mrs Bidney Bates, San
cisco 1' rancu sco
D T Haskell, Chicago L H liggine, Mis
H H Meek. Chicago souls
J S Cshill, Miiwaukee 8 F Gittermlia, St
M B Hobson, Utica Paul
Paris Gibson, Great W J Clark, Neihart
Fails J 0 iureoug, Great Falls
L II Phillips, Havre Jas s Stteeat al
L. J llsmmilton, Butte Las Mantie, Blutte
J H Mdonteath, Bulls leo IV Irvin, Cotta
J V Quinn. Butte C' \V ircharui, 'twin
WV it Klenyon. Butto B~ridges
W A Clart. lutto W A Logan, Leer
Dr A It Mitchsell, Dter Loige
Lodge J It 'olous, Anaconda
Fletcher Maddox, White Sulphur Springs
The New Merchants Hotel.
Now opened on the European plan, offers
the following low rates to transient guests:
$1.25 per day (parlor floor); $1 per day
(third floor); 75 cents per day (fourth
floor). Extra for more than one occupant,
special rates to theatrical people, and per
manent guests. Every room heated by
steam and lighted by electi aty. Hot and
sold water and porcelain baths on each
floor. New hardwood furniture and brus
sels carpet in guests' rooms, wide slud spa.
eious hallways carpeted with orimson velvet.
Dining room, table d'hote. Gnests will
And good meals in the dining toom of this
house, operated by the Misses Nagle.
Meats t50 cents. Weekly rates to permanenu
Special sale si infant,' cape t is week at
Butcher & Bradley's. W15 Broadiway.
The best dry goods in the city for the least
money at 'its Be hivs.
The regular annual meeting of the stock
holders of the Montana National bank will
be held at their banking house in Helena,
Montana, on Tuesday, Jan. 10, between the
hours of 10 s. m. and four p. so.
D Iate uT. L. MCCULLOH, Cashier.
Dated Dec. 8, 1892..
Sweeping reductions on ladies', men's and
chiidren's underwear at 'I he BGee hive this week,
Irlembers of the legislature and their wives
and daught-re are invited at the liee Hive bar
gain sales this week.
The lyphus in New York.
NEw Yontr, Jan. 8.-Six deaths from
typhus fever occurred during Saturday
night on North Brothers' island. Threeo
new eases were reported to-day.,
Twenty-Eight Roads Were Sold
Under Foreclosure During
A Record of Bankruptcy Owing
Its Magnitude to Richmond
The Insolvest Roads Are Widely Dis
tributed Throughout hbe Country
but Noae in Montana.
While the year 1892 was a period of com
paratively small railway construction, it
was not marked by a corresponding de
crease in the number of insolvent railways
which were brought to the auction block or
which defaulted in their obligations and
were placed in the hands of receivers, says
the Railway Age. On the contrary, the re
suits of overbuilding and low rate making
in previous years continue to be exhibited
in the annual record of railway bankrupt
cies, and the process of wiping out capital
invested in the construction of railwaye,
especially in regions where they were most
needed for the development of the country,
goes on. with no end in eight. Is it to coi
tinue until every railway company in the
United States has been sold out and
the original owners of our splendid
system of steam roads have shared
in a common rain, as the reward of their
enterprise and courage? We And from our
records that during 1892 there were' sold
under foreclosure twenty-eight railways,
having an evgrekate mileage of 1,922 miles
and an apparent capitalization-bonds and
stocks-of $95.898,000. While the number
of roads is larger than in the previous year
it is some encouragement to And that the
mileage and capitalization show a large de
crease compared with the three preceding
years; from which we might be led to hope
that foreclosure sales would eventually
cease, were it not for the fearful record of
new insolvencies which is shown in our
table of receivership., The number of roads
sold during the year was twenty-eight with
an aggregate mileage of 1,922; funded debt,
$53,864,000; total bonds and stocks. $95,898,
It will be seen that these bankrupt lines
are widely distributed through the country,
their headquarters being in fifteen different
states. Of the twenty-eight roadm four be
long to Texas, three to Oregon, three to
New York and two each to New Jere Y.
Pennsylvania. Florida, South Carol' a,
Tennessee and Georgia, while Rhode Islrd,
Maryland. West Virginia. Illinois, Iowa
and Washington each have one. No very
great and important line is in this year's
mortality table, the largest in point of
mileage being the Florida Southern, with
307 miles and a capitalization of about
$5,500,000, while the largest in respect to li
abilities is the ancompleted Oregon Pacific,
whose 166 miles represent securities aggre
gating neatly $20,000,000. The narrow
gauge roads continue to swell the number
of failures, there being five of that class in
this year's males. The summary of fore
closure sales for seventeen years, from 1876
to 1082 inclusive, is as follows: Number of
roads, 526; mileage, 55,670; capital stock
and bonded debs, $3,122,202,000.
it is difficult to believe that in seventeen
years companies representing over 82 per
cent of total present mileage and 81 per
cent of the total capitalization of the rail.
ways of the United States have gone
through the process of sale and reorganiza
tion, and yet that is what these figures in
It is proper to note that during the period
coverea several roads have been sold two or
more times. so that there is some duplica
tion of mileage and capitalization; but the
fact of sepeated failures indicates still
more forcibly the unprofitableness of rail
way investments. During these seventeen
years the number of foreclosure sales has
averaged thirty-one annually, the largest
number in one year being sixty-five and
the smallest fifteen.
Much more alarming than the record of
foreolosure is that of railway insolvencies
in the past year, for it would seem that in
1892 a new era of bankruptcy more disas
trous than that recorded for several years
previous had been inaugurated. We find
that in the last twelve months no less than
thirty-six companies, having 10.508 miles of
road and representine the prodigious capi
talization of nearly $358,000,000. have de
faulted and been placed in the hands of re
This appa'ling record of bankruptcy owem
its magnitude largely to the collapse of the
great Richmond Terminal bubble, carrying
with it companies representing 5,100 miles
of road and over $155,000,000 of nominal
capitalization. If that giuantio failure had
not occurred the year's total of receiver
ships would not have been so large in re
spect to mileage or capital as it now is, al
though it would still be far worse than the
showing for some years past. During the
nine years in which we have kept complete
records the following comparative figures
HUMM31APY OF RECEIVERSHIPS FOR NINE YEAR.
Year. No. ioado.I Mileage. CapitaL
3891 37 11.0318 $811,378,000
1h85 4t 8,28o n 8175.46a0.000
1erl 13 1,709 70.3144,000
1o"7 0 1,048 00,118,000
1841 22 1.270 108.814,000
1"),1 23 1.103 99.t61.000
P1'l0 0 16 ,173 105,007,000
1 r1 21 2,1:9 84,479,000
1~t 84 03 10.:708 377,6929100
With such a liat of insolvencies in view as
the recult of operations in 1092 the new year
does not start with very cheerful prospects
in respect to the profitableness of railway
Rlemembesr that all winter nnderwear will
be sold this weak at a discount of 25 per
cont at The Wlc Olive.
One-half interest in the new and modern
fve-story stone and brick hotel building.
known as Hotel Helena. situated on Grand
street and Fifth avenue, Helena. Mont.,
also the three-story brick residence No. 118
Grand street. For terms apply to
Muls. Mari E. SfxoNow.
118 Grand street, Helena, Mont.
Mullen Fuel company Is sellIng wood at 14.75
per cord in two cord lots. L.& h . block, Silxth
avenue; telephone 186.
Se sure and buy a winter wrap at The Dee
hive discount sale this week.
Only Two Nights and Fast Time to Chi.
The Great Northern makes several hours
quicker time-Hel na to 8t. Paul-than any
other line; is the o ly line which makes the
ran to Chicago in wo nights, other lines
using three and fqnr nights.
3. H. LAloLai,
General Ticket Agent.
All Winter Goods will be
marked at Sacriftce 1Frices and
the entire stock will be offered at
a Sweeping Reduction.
See the extraordinary values
now given in Dress Pa terns. ',
THE ELECTIONS COMMITTEE.
S It Will Report to the House To-day Ask
/ ing for Further Authority.
The elections committee of the house
b whiob has before it the Hamilton-Leech
I contest from Chotean county held a meet
ing in room 526 of the Power blook Satur
day afternoon. Chairman Beecher, Lookey,
Bach. Tallant and Burk of *the committee
and the contestants and their attorneys
I were present. On motion of Tallant the
committee, not being able to arrive at any
conclusion as to whether they had the
f power to subpoena witnesses, decided to re
I port to the house at the earliestopportunity
to ask for further authority to send for per
1 sons and papers. The committee will prob.
r ably meet again this forenoon and report to
r the house this afternoon. Mr. Lookey said
yesterday that he did not know that the
e programme ,adopted Saturday afternoon
- would be changed at the meeting this fore.
I Bargains in every line during the present week
r at 2he bee Hxve.
B Wood $4175 per cord in two cord lots. J. H.
Boucher, agent. L. & L. block, Sixth avenue;
l MITCHELL-MITCHELI--At Helena, Jan. 8.
189. by Juetice Gage. Ma ie L Mitchell to
Jambs Mitchell, both of Helens.
Rocky Mountain Encampment No.1, I. O.
Meets second and fourth Monda .
Encampment will he held at their
lodge room this evening at 7:30 p.mo.
Sojonrning brothersare cordially in..
vited to attend. U C KIIIIWAL?. C. P.
H. T. DAvis. Scribe.
1 Helena Lodge No. 2, L O. G. T.
Meets Every Monday.
A regula meeting ofth
Aabovrega lode will ~befheldd
tbis. Monday evening at
the 0. A. It. hallion Psrk
- } avenue.
~hF Visiting members are 0crý
dially invited to attend.
. .U3. S. ..
1ub1i0 SmplingC o.
P. 0. BOI 136, HELENA
And Ore Samplers.
Ore sampled and sold to the
We have in connection with our
plant a complete assay office and
Samples by Mail or Express will
receive prompt attention.
Liberal discount will be made on
NOTIE T BTOIHODERSTHRAN.
tion of director, of the lirst Nlational eank of
Zoational bank on th ann 81.
If. * *G ?.C ea. 38
Reln." Dee. 10. flU.
To Loan Money at 70jo, 801o, and 9010.
Amount of Loan and Security determine the rate of interest.
I am prepared to make loans promptly in amounts from $500 to $100,000
$100,000 Commercial and Short Time notes wanted. Also City, School,
State and County Bonds and Warrants
No. 10 Edwards St., Helena, Mont. H. B. PALMER.
Clarke, Gonrad & &urtin
Iron, Steel and Nails.
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS.
WOOD AND COAL HEATING
In all SIzes and at Low Prices.
Geokion Stoves AND Ranges
42 and 44 Zouth Main Street, J-lelena.
PAPA has just bought a new pair of our "FOOT FO
can well afford tpbrow his old shoe after the
and groom for "luck! If you want luck in 159
a proper foundation, in the shape of a pair of our
feel sure you will be so awell pleased that you will
entire family being fitted at our store. You will find y
bill will not be so large as in the past. It will pay you to
CLARKE RANK. Jviontana Shoe Gorn
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