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The Helena independent. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, January 17, 1893, Morning, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025308/1893-01-17/ed-1/seq-5/

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Opinions From Leading Educators
Urging Contofeldation bf the
State Inetiyutions.
Am Address to the Legralalture
From Friends of the Move
All In Wavor of Concentrat(in as the Trne
Prielple in DealIng With Higher
The committees of the eounell of edosa
cation and the state Teachers' aseoeihttoP
have prepared an address to the members of
the legislature, urging the eonsoldidatloe of
the state edunetional latitlations from
which the following extracts are takeas
"We believe that the citisase of Mentana
should have the matter brought to their at
teaition in a prorer and intelligent manner.
showing them how the largest and best in
terests of the state may be conserved by
the consolidation of the state univesity.
Having studied the matter intelligently,
from a practical and economical stand
point, we feel assured that they will rise
above considerations of merely local inter
ests and look to the greater advantages
which must acorns to the state as a
whole and for all the future. In
support of our proposition we ven
ture to suggest the following arguments:
The history of state education in the older
states proves most conclusively that the beet
results hove always been reached through
the eonsolidation of the state educational
institutions. This argument will be
strengthened by a perusal of the opinions
of the leading educators and presidents of
state universities, whose views are ap
rended. These views all gain additional
force in Montana from the feat that it is
but sparsely populated, and must be for
many years to come. T. J. Burrill, sating
regent of Illinois university, says: 'It
would be disastrous to your best educa
tional interests to divide the fund for a
state university to accommodate separate
"David S. Jordan, president of Leland
.Stanford, Jr. university, says in his letter:
'To locate the institutions, in a state like
Montana, in separate towns, as has been
done in Colorado and other states, is to
doom them to utter failure and lack of in
fluence.' He farther says: "'heseparation
of the schools founded by the Morrill act,
from the state unive, sity, as we have seen
in nearly half the states of the union, was
a blunder which in time will deepen into a
crime. Wisconsin, Illinois. Minnesota and
Nebraska are examples of the rapid growth
of universities when the higher work of the
state in all concentrated in one place.'"
"Considerations of economy are strongly
in favor of consolidation of the state uni
versity," says the committee. "If divided
each institution must have a separate board
of trustees. Each must have a president,
a professor of English, a professor of chem
istry, a professor of natural soien0es. Each
must have a chemical and physical labora
tory and library. This argument appeals
very forcibly to Montana, where the num
ber of students for many years to come
will not be beyond the capacity of one pro
fessor in each department, and where one
laboratory and one library will be amply
suffclient for all. Not only so, but com
bining the funds at our disposal they cnn
be eqiuipped and lurnished much more effic
iently than by dissipating our funds and
our energies in the equipment of several
laboratories and libraries instead of one.
In support of this argument we refer to the
appended views of leading educators.
"Chas. W. Elliott, president of Harvard
university, refers to Colorado as an example
of the evils of separation. In the case of
Montana it must be even more diesasrous,
as it has a much smaller population. Un
less our state institutions are equipped as
well as eastern colleges, a large proportion
of our students will continue to go to east
ern schools because of greater fecilitiese,
and the advantages of well equipped labor
atories and libraries. When we consider
the senall educational fund at present
available, and, farther, that the land ap
propriated to the state Institutions cannot
be sold at less than ten dollars per acre, it
will be seen that the available funds are
ntterly inadequate, and must for many
years be utterly insufficient to carry on the
work of the separate institutions with any
credit to the state.
"H. B. Adams, of Johns Hopkins univer
sity, says: 'In editing a series of state re
ports for the United States bureau of edu
cation on American educational history, I
have been profoundly impressed with the
wrongs done to all future generations by
the improper division of public money in
the founding and maintenance of colleges.
The exprerience of the state of Ohio in this
regard is the worst on :eco:d. In that
state splendid revenues were scattered upon
a number of institutions in order to gratify
local sentiment. Concentration and cen
tralization are the true p ineiples in deal
ineo with the hrnhar adinaminn. .r
"'P:esident Jordan, in an address deliv
ered before the state university of Illinois,
said: 'I congratulate the state of Illinois
that its university is one university,. that
its pure and applise science, its lite:ature,
history, philosophy and art are taught in
one institution. by one united faeultr. The
best results in any line of education cannot
be reached without the association of all
othere. The t aining of the engineer will
be the more valuable from his asseciatloe
with the classical student. The literary
man may galan much and will lose nothing
from his acquaintance with the praotiesa
work of the engines .'
"Believrng that the state of Montaan
should learn from the mistakes end experi
ences of other states In regard to higher
education, severail citiuens have been in
correspondence with the leauing educators
anld presidents of stateuniversities threugh
out the land in reference to this important
question, and their replies are appended.
iuoh evidence onubt to outweigh all terso
nal and local considerations. We do not
in this appeal to the citizens of Montana
even wish to assume thaut any one town or
city in the state is ireferable to any or all
others, but we believe that it would be for
the highest and beat interests of the state.,
retardleos of its location,l, to have all the
depastrumets of the state university cen
tralized at one point.
"In their report to the legislature now in
session the code commissioners make the
following 5tyueution: 'it is ngaeneted that
the university of Montana be looneed at
some place and that the other three educe.
tionel institutions be made oarts of the
university and be connected with it under
their several different names. One build
ing would be sullicient for all, at least for
ia time, end one corps of teachers could per
form all the ueocsnar, duties.'
I he following are extracts from the let
tere received from the educators named:
From President Wm. It. Harpe-. of the
university of Chicago: "I am greatly in
terested in what Montana may do In an
educational way. We have given the mat
ter soime consideration and have no hesita
tion whateve,, in saying that it will be a
great calamity to the cause of education,
not only in the slate, but elsewhere. ii the
institutions which are to be established are
separated one from another. For the sake
of economy and efocisanoy the a ieultural
college and the school of mines should be
a part of the unive:alty. I sincerely hope
that no mistake will be saads."
From President Cyrus Northrup, Univer
sity of Minnesota: "I hope the state of
Montana will mike no mistake in deciding
the location of her institutions of collegiate
and polyteehnlo education. As Ezra Cor
nell has pointed out, 'concentration' is the
principle that should control."
From Hon. Andrew D. White, U. S. mia
later to Russia, ex-president Cornell Unl
varsity: "I regret to learn that there is an
effort making in Montana to ditde and
scatter the schools for advanced iuntruction
and research, namely, the state univer ity,
e eholj ci mnta ard the agriealtnral
otll[e, Ir hag tOM 7l ts thiakt tle
1=edl4 or Itttroive ti, in view of lth
owe mt rso of the l set to .0r
noblee r sie liftaun ate gtt I. ad
odre. ye onas the th i o do s soimpl ias
an American etlt inr reted, likhe all my'
fellow otlige, to have the splendid endow.
menel} . 1 WIT O the nation by the stts..,
had btublio spip~ried .nvlwalduist used to
the bi dvartagri cud L' fret that this
alot we lbo my.setl for wrolullc , ou Al
las m to siaye indditlon, that, was you sy
nuow. I labtred long and sseoeaily to
,0event seh a mists e in the state of New
ork, I w a iat the ltme opposed strengly
y miny or the beat mn of. the stste but
here isnaot oie of them who will not oe
lowsdalle now, that tOe ware wrongll i
attemptfon to maitter the resoarces for ad
ablNd lstdiationnd e hatl it waa most
orunaethat better counsels pevsiled,
mid that one adequate institution was pro.
vited for the state, instead of several
wretobhdly imperfect ones. ILf. instead of
coneeOtratlnv your resuetel, you allow
them to be frlttered away on two or three
feeble institntlons, your strongest young
men will simply go to institutions outside
the stlate. '1 here is yet another coasidera
tion in favor of eonaentrating your re
sonrcs which ought to be thought of, a
single, larGe, well-founded institutioinn a
good localty will attract generous gifts
from .our men of wealth and public spirit,
as the ease of Cornell shows; while little,
feeble institutions will be looked upon with
contempt and will not be helped In this
way. Cornell started with endowments
hardly larrer than what I suppose year
own would be, if concentrated, but thanks
to good management of its resources, and
above all to gifts from public-spirited na.
dividuals smoanting now to several mil
lions of dollars. Its lncome to-day is
larger than its original pecuniary endow
ment; the very fact that it was large and
strong, has drawn mere gifts to it which
it otherwise could not have ecoured. It has
received from individuals more than all the
twenty-two small collegee of the state."
From Presidero D. C. Gilman, of Johns
Hopkins university: "I am firmly of the
opinion that it in desirable to combine in
one strong institution the state university
and the colleges of agriculture and mines,
provided for in the congressional grant.
All the funds united will not be for many
years to come adequate to your wants. Sep
arated with those distinct foundations it is
doubtful whether either one of them would
be worthy of your state."
From President Chas. W. Elliott, of Har
yard university: 'I beg to say that a state
university in Montana should undoubtedly
oiclude the agricultu at college of the stats,
the state school of wines and the state nor
mal school It is the Interest of the state
to concentrate theas institutions at one
spot and under one direction. Each of the
deirartments which I have named would be
mueh more effeootive as part of the univers
ity than as a distinct institutin.
If you want an example of the
effects of the opposite policy you may
find is in the state of Colorado, where the
state university is in one town, the normal
school in another, and the school of mines
in a third. This disposition has been and
ts very unfortunate. The state university
should be placed near a prosperons and
growing town or city containing an intelli
gent and publio-splrited population, and it
should not be robbed of any of the compe
nent parts of a comprehensive university."
From President David 8. Jordan, of Le
land Stanford Junior universit.: '"I am
fully in sympathy with your desire to hold
the nateral parts of the elate university of
Montana together. There is no doubt
whatever from the experience of other state.
that the three departments kept together in
one will be of vastly more value and influ
ence in Montana than the three institu
tions could ~ossibly be if located in sepa
rate towns.'
Mullan Fuel company is selling wood at $475
per cord in twocord lotse, . & L. block, Sixth
vennue; telephone 180.
Legal blanks at this office.
Damsged-by-fire-and-water sales do not com
wre with the prices quoted this week for nice
resh goods sat The bee Hive dress gooda sale.
Heleua and .Montana People Who WIll
tpend the Winter on the Coast
The Northern Pacific has broken the reo
ord in California excursion business for
January out of Helena. As a rule, Decem
her is the best month for the sale of excur
sion tickets to the Golden Gate, but this
year January leads. The tiekets are good
for six months, have all stop-over privi
leges, and can be made to read one way
going and another returning. They are
sold on the 15th of each month. Those
who purchased from the Northern Peciic
this month were: H. E. Klamer, Mrs.
Jennie Clingan, E. It. Clinran. John T.
Murphy and wife, Addle M. Murphy, Fan
nie D. Murphy, Mrs. C. A. Broadwater,
Wilder Breadwater, Judge William Chum
asero and wife, Mrs. J. K. P. Miller and
daughter, Mrs. George Westphail and
daughter, Mrs. Marry Cary. John Walsh,
Mrs. G. L. Hogan and nurse, Herbert
Nieholson and wife. Mrs. J. D. Radford,
A. Levy, Charles Mayne and wife. Wm.
O'Marr and wife, John Omarr, Robert
Vsughn and wife, Mrs. Hart, Rena Frazier,
R. F. Watkins, C. J. Field, F. Freeman, C.
M. Gr┬Ěnt, John Garier, P. Walsh and
wife, 3. A. Allen, W. D. Howard, P. L.
Leary. D. F. Faulkner. G. W. Jackson and
wife, A. H. Mussey and wife, J. C. Masses,
J. J. Carpenter. Fannie M. Carpeanter,
Grace Carpenter. E. D. Moore.
A fine line of table linens and towels just re
ceived at Ihe iee Hive. Prises lower than ever.
The greatest mark down sale ever attempted
in Helens begins Saturday. Jan. 14, 1893, at,
hands bros
Bed spreads in large variety at The Bee His.
$25 Reward.
By resolution of the city ceounocil of the
eity of Helena of date of Jan. 10, 1893, the
andersilned was instrmeted to uffer a re
word ef $25 to any person who will give in
formation that will leed to the arrest and
conviction of any person found maliulieusl
tampering with or injuring any fire alarm
boxes or fro apparatas of the city, or break
ing winudow paes or otherwilse injuring any
property within the olty of Helenea.
In pursauance of asid resolution the an
dersIgned hereby cufe the above reward.
City Clerk.
Helena, Jan. 12, 1892.
ir yo:r want to rave mosey and gel. tire beet
goody for tire lowest possible Iriees go to
rntoher & Bradley's.
The reast annual Jnoearr clearinc sale opens
at Saude ]lror. tnatrrd a). Jan. 14, lt.193.
Hlnllan Fnul conriany is sollIg wrrrOd at $d.75
per crred in tw, cold ror ae. 1,. A ,. blrrrk, b.ir.t
avenue; tlelehone tr6,
Grand Opportunity.
Twenty thousand dollars worth of choiae
groceriee to be eaerifoced, sonlmeneing Sat
urday, Jan. 14, we will ofiler the above
amount of gros' les at privarte sale and cern
tinue from day to dayr until closed onl.
Remember the place, erntr Bixth svrr~a
nd Warren street, inl the stnre rormn for
merly occupied by thie A. iL. Gates Grooerr
comlrny. Dalerrs in the criy and adjoenat
orwns and nlring onam sr will find this n
splendid ot, ortuity tro g ly in their wint, r
aspply. These goods iust be closed noa
within the next thirty days.
J[ura ULr.nrvAn, Masnager.
0 11Baking
(. Powder
The only Pure Cream of Tartar Powder.-No Ammonia; No Alutm.
Used in Millions of Hoies--4o Years the Standard.
Trial of the Merchants National
Bank Case Against Assignee
Max Kahn.
To Test the Validity of the Assign
ment of Greenhood,
Bohm & Co.
A Jury gaeared and Testimony Miegina1
To.l)av-Judges Hunt sad Suek
Will Prealde.
The well known ease of the Merehants
National bank, of Helena, against Max
Kahg as assignee of Grenhood, Bobm &A
Co., was salled in the district ourt yestler
day for trial. It took the attorneys some
time to net a Jury and no testimony was
takes, but will be oommenced to-day. On
Feb. 12, 1892, Greephood, Bobsn d Co. as
sliged all their property, real, personal
and mixed, In Helena and New York city,
inoluadtg some rest estate In Seattle, Wash
ington, to Max Kahn, who was then acting
as their bookkeeper. Kahn took posses
alon of all the goods in the store, and tele
graphed to New York that an aseignment
had been made of all the property and di
reeted a party there to take possession of
the property in his name as aslignee.
Amelg the preferred creditors under the
asalgnment were Mrs. Caroline West
heimer, $2,500; E. Rejall, New York, $45,
000; Merehants National bank, $88,000;
First National bank. $17,000; Thos. Crone
Savings bank, $7,500; American National
bank. $4,000; Mrs. J, M. Ityan, $2,000; W.
C. ioker, $4,500; H. Barnett, $1,987; Bach,
Cory & Co., $1,900; Cel. Morse, New Chi
cago, $8,500, and Collen, Banders & Shel
ton, $1,000. The assignment further pro
vided that if any assets remained after
paying the preferred creditors in full the
onpreferred oreditors shonld receive their
pro rata share of the balance remaining in
the hands of the alsienee. On Feb. 18, the
day following the assignment, the Mer
ehants National bank, through its attor
ners, commeneed snit in the distriet court,
leased writ of attachment and directed the
sheriff to levy the writ on the property in
the hands of the assignee, and take and
hold possession. The sheriff went to the
store and demanded of Kahn. the assignee,
possession of the store and goods, and or
dered him to deliver over the keys to him.
This he refused to do, claiming that he held
possession as assignee of Greenhood, Bohm
& Co., under the aseianmeat and was en
ttied to hold the property. The sheriff
then seeured a large bond from the bank,
and broke in the door and ousted the as
signee of his possession. Bubsequently the
bank commenced the present suit, which is
one in equity, asking to have the assign
ment see aside as fraudulent, and the assets
converted into cash and applied to the
payment of their judgment at law. One of
the grounds of fraud alleged by the
bank is that IE. Rejall, of New York, who is
preferred to the amount of $45,000. under
the assignment, was a silent partner; and
the plaintiff now ,elies on other grounds to
defeat the assignment,
' here is still another suit pending in the
United States ttates eirouit court, in which
E. Rejall is plaintiff and the bank, Kahn,
aseeignee, L. H. Hershfleld, Aaron Hersh
field, Isaen Greenhood, Ferdinand Bohm
and William M.th are defendants.. This
suit involves the validity of the aseignment
also. The bank demurred on the ground
that the United States court had no juris
dlotion to try the case, for the reason that
a suit of a similar nature was pending in
the state court, but Judge Knowles over
ruled the demurrer, and held that his court
could try the case. The jurymen who will
try the case are David Blacker, J. H.
Freezer, John W. Thompson, H. M. Brand
eaec, George W. Shaw, Henry Bieben . E. E.
Woodman, F. K. Turner, C. T. Perry, Jesse
I. Phelps, P. J. Connor and J. B. Look
woed. Judges Hunt and Buck will preside
in the trial of the ease. The Merchants
National bank is represented by McConnell,
Claybere & Gann and ex-Gov. Cnrrsenter.
Kahn's attorney's are W. E, Cullen, George
F. Shelton, J. A. Walsh, C. O. Newman and
T. J. Walsh.
Asseuser Wasts Pay.
An appeal was filed in the supreme court
yesterday by the board of county commis.
sloners of Dawson county from a judgment
rendered by Judge Milburn in the ease of
M. H. Brown, who was a deputy assessor at
Glendive. Brown put in a bill to the som
missioner for seventy-nine, days' service as
deputy assessor, at $5 per day, amounting
to $8915. The commnissioners only allowed
him $150. He appealed to the district
court, where the case was tried by a juny.,
and a verdict rendered for $286.27, tnd
from this the commissioners appeal.
A judgment was entered in department
No. 1 of the district court for $932 for the
plaintiff is the ease of the Merrill Cigar i
company vs. F. E. Thieme.
Butcher & Iradley's prices are always so low
that they do not have to have mark-down and
disconnt sales to sell their goods.
Go to The Bee Hive for a bahrgain in any litne
they carry. Goods must go at their special of
Wood $.75 per cord in two cord lots. J. II.
Boucher. agent L. & . block, Bixth avenue;
telephone lb6.
Samunel K. Davis-Speelal.
Peerman (Oceur d'Alene)-1,000 shares,
Bald Butte-2,000 shares. The best
gold mine so far developed in Montana.
iron Mountain-On the present equip
ment, development, amount of ore in
sight, ostput. etc., and present price of
stock. It will pay a better p reoontag than
any stock in the market; S3ij per cent for
1892, with a fair probabillty of a largo in
crease in 1893.
Ilenton croup (NeiLhrt)--The late devel
opment of rich ore in this phenomenal
mine has caused the withdrawal of most of
the stock in my hands; 1,700 shares for im
meudiate sale is all at the present lluare.
WHlitlach Union-The plresent at tou of
the niune and eompany of this coming great
gold msue guarantees the stock a eaf, pure'
chase. A few lots offered in which you eon
lose no money.
"26 and 27 B1iley Block.
Dress goods are welling this work at 'The l'ee
Iiven t lse than misufarturerr' cost. Ivery
oIr'e of goods ill ti', hor.,n oeduced far thl I
WVcod $14.7: per cord in two corrd lotr. J. 11. I
lhuoh r. agent, I.. A 1. block, blixtll avenue;
ttle~phone 1t,.
Jackson's music store. Haley bhlock.
Walter H. Little.
Telephone 81. , 808 Power . Bulding.
ABOUT $1,000o.
The wry d lntt in thi market.
kIhlluped diret to, Os.
Hlie . olate aiul how York C.aonts or aneolalty.
'Telephtlinte 7, apeelal Dellvery,
The Belvidere House
011 AND 818 N. MAIN NY.
a .l . ,i,, ' 0. A, McDONALD
-odera Imprvomenmte
Lindsay & Co.'s Old Stand, February I
RP' "
Montana Central Railway
In Effect January 1, 1898.
No. 24. Atlantio Exnress, eastbound. 10:05 a m
No, 23. Pacilie zprca, westbound... :20 p. m
No. 2. Butnte Local ................... 6:30 p. m
No. 1. Butte Local.............. :50 a .m
No. 2. Atlantic Express, eastbornd. 10:15 a m
No. 23. Pacific Express, westbuond... 8:30 p.m
(No. 24. l aily.)
Is Helena's beat and popular train for ST.
Leave Helena at 1(:05 a. m., arrive St. Paul at
6:55 m.. the sacord morning, and Chicago at
U:35 p. m. the rame night, making immediate
counections for all points east and south.
For further information maps, rates, etc.,
call at
No. 6 North .Main street, Helena.
Or write the undersigned
Traveling I aseenger Agt. 'ity Ticket Art.
1B. i. LAN G}I4Y, General licket Agent.
flontana Universitj.
'University Place, Near Helena
Course at Iontruotions 1. COllege. f,
3ellege Preparatery. 8, Blstaells 4, Ner
mal. , MIaste. , Art. 7, Mtlltary. Als.
lmstruetlsla I Common Branehes. Able
l.astruetlon, elegant building.
aend for Catalogue to the Presldent.
F. P. TOWER. A. M.. D. D.
Keep Your
We have them in all sizes, shapes
and prices.
We can sell you one so cheap
that you will have money left to
put in it after buyinq it
Pope& O'Connor, D)rU ists
44 North Main Street.
Blank Books
And General Bookbinding,
Manulfaetrer of he Ilndestreetlble
Plat-Openlngr tlank Boek.
No EStra Cost.
Second Floor Herald Building.
Dealers in Farm and Mining Machinery of every descriptiol~
and State Agents for the "Old Reliable" Schuttler and "Bone Dry"
Rushtord Farm, Quartz and Logging Wagons. Hay Balere, Baling
Ties, Barb Wire, etc. Steamboat block, corner Helena avenue and
Main Street.
* All Sizes at a Very
"O. Low Cash Price.
Helena Jewelry Company.
Board Your IHorse?
- -TRY THE---- -
At the New Club tables. Hack servlce the beas. Office Grand Central HoteL
Ulhco Telephone No. *1, itable Telephone No. 87.
Carriages and Wagons
Made to Order. Repairing and Painting Promptly
Attended to.
On Improved City and Farm Property, for One, Two, or Three Yearx
at lowest current rates of interest.
H. M. Parchen & Co.
Are Wholesale Agents for all the Leading
Patent Medicines and Pharmaceutical Preparations.
Buy Drugs and Chemicals from first hands in Original
Packages, and can therefore guarantee their purity and gen
uineness. We never substitute and customers can always
rely on getting what they callfor at prices as low as the east.
Parchen's Corner Drug Store.
The Oldest Produce House in Montana. Petablihed 1883.
Wholesale Fruits, Produce and Seeds
Faller Avenue, near lnentana Central Depot, Helona, Montana.
We eary a full ling. of Garden. Field and Grae Beads. Will mail cataledou oe application.
Helena {L umber Company
Uough aid fnishing Lumber, Shingles, Lath, Ooom Sasb and Lumhu,
talipe.a 1, City' OMee. Room 8. Thompsao Mlesee Maimn 4 rek
Omosltes Qal OaCetral Hao.
>M x- " P o gut Since Buying My Present Business
I have increased it one-half.
I low was this done?
4 Simlple enough.
I have sold only
At prices lower than any com
(Can't Reach My Mark. petitor.
I Can Sell Goods Cheaper lhan Any Other Grocer in Helena
Chau. Lehman'a Old Stand. Telephone 329

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