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The Helena independent. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, January 18, 1893, Morning, Image 1

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VOL. XXXIII.-NO. 841. HELENA, MONTANA, WEDNESDAY MORNING. JANUARY IS. 1893 PRICE FIVE CENTS
GAN8 &
8 LEIN
To-NIGHT the famous annual
debate between chosen repre
sentatives of Yale and Harvard
Universities will take place in
Cambridge, Mass.
Each of the two great seats of
learning will be represented by
three orators, selected because
regarded as the ablest debaters
in their respective universities.
They will discuss the question
"Resolved that the freedom of
the railroads be further limited
by national legislation."
Soffetbing1
Which will appeal to every
prospective purchaser who
seeks goods of first-class
quality, manufacture and
price, and who looks for
values which are real and
not fictitious, is our present
announcement.
* *For.
A period which may be nec
essary to sell the garments,
we advertise a REDUCTION
OF TEN (10) PER CENT. ON
ALL CLOTHING in our es
tablishment.
Nothing
Can equal this offer. Our
goods are NEW, STYLISH,
DURABLE and TAILOR
MADE, HONEST VALUE,
and MARKED IN PLAIN
FIGURES, which are inot
altered for tho occasion.
GANS &
ILEIN
TO STOP BUYING BULLION
The Effoot of a Bill drdered Favora
bly Reported to the
Senate.
Friends of Bilver Do Not Believe
That It Will Become
Law.
A $lvely Meetlag of the Renate linance
Committee at Which the subjeet
Was Dleeessad.
Wismnxorox, Jan. 17.-Perhaps the most
important meeting of the finance commit.
tee of the senate held during this congress,
was that of this morning, which resulted in
a decision to favorably report she Sherman
bill to repeal the parchase of silver. Sub
sequently Sherman reported the bill and it
was placed on the calendar. The
meeting was largely attended, every
member being present, but Senator
Jones and Senator Vance, who are ill.
While a majority was in favor of the ac
tion taken, vigorous opposition was mani
fested by Harris, of Tennesee, and Voor
hees of Indiana. Those who voted to re
port the bill favorably were Morrill, Sher
man, Allison, Aldrioh, Hiscock,
McPherson. Carlisle. Senators Voor
bees and Harris entered emphatic protest
against the proposed action of the commit
tee and would have been joined by Senators
Jones and Vance had they been present.
The meeting is said to have been interest
ing. This is probably referring to the
speeches made by Harris and Vorhees.
They were out-voted, however, and the dis
cussion will now be transferred to the
floor of the senate.
Senator McPherson said the bill is satis
factory to him, although he would rather
have his resolution reported. One featne
which he did not approve is that which
postponed the time to Jan. 1. 1894, but
still he thought it afforded relief,
for people would know that at
that time at least the never ceasing
inflation of currency would end, and the
country return to currency and money not
deceased. Teller and Voorhees do not be
lieve the bill can pass and Voorhees is cred
ited with saying that not ten demooratic
senators will vote for it.
BONDS, BANKS, BULLION.
A Measure Introduced an the House Con
cerning Them.
WASHINoToN, Jan. 17.-In the house to
day Representative Brossins, of Pennsyl
vania, introduced a bill to authorize the
refunding of four per cent bonds, increase
the circulation of national banks, and dis
continue the purchase of silver bullion. It
authorizes the secretary of the treasury to
issue ins meq not exceeding in the aggre
gate $500,000,000 registered bonds, in the
denominations of $50 or multiples thereof,
redeemable in coin of standard value at the
pleasure of the United States after forty
years from date of issue, and bearing in
terest at the rate of two per cent. Such
bonds shall be exempt from taxation. The
secretary shall dispose of these bonds by
exchanging them for four per cent bonds
now outstanding.
Every national banking association that
shall transfer to the treaenry bonds author
ized under this act shall be entitled to re
ceive circulating notes equal in face value
to the par of the bonds so depocited, and
shall in lien of the tax assessed upon cir
culating national bank notes under the ex
isting law, pay to the treasurer of the
United States Jan. 1, each year, a duty of
one quarter of one per cent upon the aver
age amount of its notes in circulation dur
ina the previous year. The law providing
for the puiohase of eilver bullion is re
SBenled.
POOLING, PRO AND CON.
Two Reports on the Proposed Section
Allowing the Practice.
WAsotNoTON, Jan. 17.-Mr. Patterson, of
Teninepee, in the report of the majority of
the house cormnerce committee on the bill
allowing pooling, says the conmnittee is of
the opinion that nuder the arrangement
provided for pooling no harm will befall
the public and opportunity will be given
to intelligently solve this much mooted
problem.
Lind, of Minnesota, and Mallory, of
Florida, represent the moinprity and report
that they feel duty boond to protest egminos
the pooling section of the bili and call at
tention to some of their objections to it.
They say: "The bill takes away the only
1 safeguard we have had heretofore against
railroad extortion. The competition of
water routes frustrated nisny, well laid
schemes to oppress the public; this emt ar
rasnement the bill removes. An annual
million dollar bonus to the Pacisfio Mail
steamship company to refrain from compe
liut, may hereafter be paid in pueanance of
law."
in conclusion it is said to be unfair to
the interstate commerce comminuion to
subject them to the importuning sud
pressure this bill will should it become law.
Affairs of the Senators.
WAauiNoroN, Jen. 17.-The McCarrochan
bill resolved its death blow for the session
in the senate to-day, nn affirmative vote
falling eight short of the constitutional
majority. The senate bill extending until
Jan. 1, 18l04, the time within which pay
monte may be made by sottlerr on fo feitel
lands of the Northern 1'icilic railroad be
tween Wallula and Portaind, Oregon, was
p saied; also the bill for the abanudonment
of Fort itridger military reservatiot, in
Wyoniung. 1'cffer, of K~ansas, resutned his
stretch in aupi ort of the joint resolution to
amend the constitution so as to limit the
p esidentiril ollice to Ont to in. lihe anti
option bill was taken up and lior, repibli
can, of Masnachuhstte. resumed his argu
ment against it on the ground of its uncon -
stitutionality. Further iinieout, against
the constitutionality of the bill were made
by (iray, of Delaware, Vest, of Missouri,
and Platt, of Connecticut.
Poeaifiice Aliktrs.
WasmIniOoy, Jan. 17.- I he house com
mittee on postothlces and pust roads today
acted favorably on a number of uiportrnt
me sures. The senate btll to claesife slid
ix the salaries of railway r onatl clerks as
follows: Fi et class, $800 per annum; Sec
oud clars, $1 (Kl); thi a class, $1,h fourth
el se. >il,:3J0; iifth class. S1.itsi; sixth ciaes.
$l.tii., and seventh wlase, $hrKi. The iiil
by W ileii, of Missouri, for tue louis~ifior
tion of list and second class postolilces,
and litut rwalarles, was also ordeisd favor
ably repo ted.
In atata Quo at Topeka.
'1orr.AA, Han.. Jan. 17.-Thu committee
yesterday to devise means to reach a settle.
iwent of the diticulties which have divided
the house. repirttd that it lad ben unusble
to renoa an agreement, anti was discharged. I
The settlement of the question of which is
the legally organized house will be tested ,
in the courts. The republicans will enjoin
the payment (if appropriations iade by the
populist huse.
THE MINERAL LAND CASE.
It Has Net Been Negleetad sad Montana
Will Be Well Represented.
The Waeslngton dispatch to the St. Pual
Pioneer Preas, sent out from the office of
that paper Monday night and printed in
Helena yesterday morning, to the effect
that the came of the state in the Montana
mineral land ase had been practically
abandoned, eaused eonsidereble comment
in Helena yesterday. Congressman Dixon
and Hoo. Martin Maginnie were very in
dignant at the misleading charaster of the
diepatch. The people of Montana are
thoroughly familiar with the amount of
hard and persistent work eaeh of theme
gentlemen have devoted to the interests of
the ease now before the snereme court.
Maj. Maginnis, talking of the dispatch yes
terday, said:
"There is nothing in it. It bears all the
ear-marks of bein inspired' for political
motives by a certain person who has just
reached Washington and who, all throogh
this case. has been the confdante, gossip
and go-between of the railroad attorneys,
and who echoes Mr. MoNaught's views in
the matter. The attorneys for the state
are Mr. B. W. Toole, who has filed a most
exhanstive brief and argument, Mr. W. F.
Morris, of the celebrated law firm of Mar.
riok & Morris, the attorney general of the
United States, Mr. Miller, and the attorney
general for the interior department, Mr.
George H. Shields, all of whom are ready
to argue thetase when it is reached. Mr.
Dizon volunteered in the case without
recompense, and has joined Mr. Morris in
his brief and argument. On the 16th day
of January Mr. Morris teleeraphed that
the case had been postponed on account of
the absence of Justice Brewer, and I have
no idea that it will be reached this term;
but if it is the court will not listen to more
than two extended oral arguments on each
side. It is arranged that these shall be
made on our side by Mr. Morris and by At
torney General Shields."
"What about the difference in the
briefs?" was asked.
"There is only one brief filed by the rail
road people. On our side there are four.
The argument and brief of E. W. Toule,
that of Attorney General Miller. the ex
haustive brief of Attorney General Shields
and the joint brief of Messrs. M. F. Morris
and Hon. W. W. Dixon. '1 here never has
been a case before the court which has been
more exhaustively, carefully and thoroughly
prepared, or that will be better presented.
Of course, the case on our side is presented
from every point, as is desirable. Every
theory of the law will go before the court.
The fact is, we are ready in every respect
to try the case, but we are in no hurry
about it. The railroad side have been
pushing from the first, while our policy has
been delay. Just now, three of the jus
tices who, from their opinions in other
cases, we think might incline
to our view of the case, are absent, Justice
Brewer temporarily, Justice Lamar who is
ill, and Justice Harlan who has eone to top
resent the United States in the Bering sea
arbitration. We are not afraid of the other
judges, but we would like to have all sit in
the case. Consequently we are not averse
to having it go over the term. Anyhow we
are ready. As to the legislative side of the
question, the committee on public lands
will not be reached until about the 14th of
February, when Mr. Dixon's bill will be un
finished business. In the senate the matter
ts in charge of a committee consisting of
Messrs. Dolph. Walthal and Sanders. Dur
ing the attendance of Col. Sanders on this
legislature the presumption is that nothing
will be done in the senate."
Major Maginnis willstart for Washington
in a day or two to be in attendance both on
congress and the court in case anything
does come up.
STATE NEWS.
J. J. Hill and Party stop Over a Day a
the Falls.
GREAT FALLS, Jan. 17.-[Spe0ial.]-J. J
Hill and party arrived here this morning in
a special train. The party visited tbh
Sand Coulee coal mines, the copper smelter
and other points of interest. The special
- left this evening for the coast, via Havrr
a and the Pacific extension. Besidea Hill
the party consisted of Samuel Hill. M. D.
Grover, Cy Wellington, N. D. Miller, J. G.
Moore, of the New York banking house oi
- Moore & Scbley, Messrs. Adams, McCart
ney and Duff, New York brokers; Clarkson
Lindley. of Minneapolis; E. Nichole, secre
tary of the Great Northern, and others.
Burglary at Big Timber.
Birr TiMaie, Jan. 17.-[Spre0ia.]-Buheh
& Bailey's hardware store was broken open
1 lest night and about $200 worth of gone,
revolvers, knives and silverware were stolen.
It was evidently the work of old-timers, as
the job was neatly executed. This is the
first case of this kind that has taken place
he e for years. As yet no arrests have been
made.
Vanghn-DeVee.
MxeSnrLA, Jan. 17.-[Special.]-Robert
Vaughn, the well-known capitalist of Great
Falls and pioneer of Montana, was married
this afternoon to Miss Ella De Vee, of Hel
I ens, at the residence of L. Molinelli of this
city, Rev. A. D. Raleigh officiating. The
happy couple left on the evening train for
an extended tour tin the Pacific coast.
Made Justlie'nf the Peace.
DozLnrAr, Jan. 17.-[Special.]-A. D. Mc
Pherson wae to-day made justice of the
peace, W. J. Staveuson, elected at last
election, failing to qu rlify.
ON PLEASURE BENT.
But the Trip Was one With a Terrible
Provrnr:Nee, It. n., Jan. 17.-Word has
just rrnched here that a freight train
crashed into a large sleigh load of people
at Lnoedale, killing eight of the
occupants and injuring a dozen
others. A dispatch from Lonsdale
gives the following names of killed
in the accident: Robert Cook, Henry Dra.
per, Annie WVlson and a young lady friend,
name unknown. Mr. and Mise Gowan and
tire driver of the sleigh, name
unknown, all residents of Paw
tucket. Sixteen were injured, ten believed
to be ftally. The dispatch says
tire cliching p nry from Pawtucket was
returning from Woonsocket after enjoying
a supper and rianoe, and while crossing the
track near Lonedalo the locomotive of a
freight train dashed into the sleigh, with
the above result.
Calumet Club House Burned.
Clmlrrrr, Jan. 17.-The beautiful club
ioune of the Calumet club at Twentieth
street and Michigan avenue was totally de
stroyed by fire this evening, cnsasin a loss
of $8010,001, with $20.000 insuraice. . o
rapid war the fire in its progress that
se-rorly aiy of the eileots of tire club we e
saved. Not one of tfes iany beautiful
piintiut s ado Sing the walls were taken
from the building. I Ire greatest exeite
ni-lt was rcceeloned among the as vests,
srxteeun of whom com d on the fifth floor.
It is feared one or more were lost.
iDr. Graves slay Glo Pree.
DeNvira, Jan. 17.-The supreme court has
grrmnted a new trial to Dr. Thatoher Graves,
who was convicted of the murder of Mrs.
Josephine Barnaby, of Pr ovidence, it. I.
The slstea attorney who secured the con
viction save the ease will nover be tried
again and Graves will be released.
GEN . R,' H, AYES DEAD.
Having Lived the Allotted Days of
Man He Goes to His Long
Home.
Brave Soldier in War, He Also
served in Different OCivo
Positions,
Niastesnth President of the United states,
Though Nil Bight to the Omlee
Was Disputed.
Jaontcor, O.. Jan. 17.-Gen. Rutherford
8. Hayes died at. 11 o'clock to-night, but
information of his death was not known
for Nome time later, as everything was kept
exceedingly quiet in the vicinity of the
tiayea mansion. Early report that the
nditioq Qf the ex-president was impra,
as nicely and that he was rest
51 easily . allayed suspicions, so
he sudden announcement by Webb
blayes that his father had just died proved
I shook to all. From Mr. Hayes it is
learned that the condition of his father
took a sudden change early in the evening
and rapid dissolution followed. His sick
nees had been watched during the day and
evening by Dr. Himlish and friends of
the general, and as Is usually the case many
pondlting rumors were afloat, hut an inter
view early in the evening with Rutherford
P. Hayes appeared to redace the facts to
the statement that his condition was prun
tieally unchanged. Members of the family
had'spent the day quietly at home and
nothing seemed to indicate that the death
of the general was expected.
Webb Hayes went to the bank where he
le employed as usual this morning. The
family has all a!ong been reticent concern.
ing his condition and the attending physi
cian has followed the same course. The
exact seriousness, therefore, could not be
ascertained. There seemed to be a great
deal of anxiety expressed by friends of the
family as to' the true condition of the
patient.
RUTHERFORD B. HATES.
He Had Served His Country in War and
. in Peace.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes was born at
Delaware, 0., Oct. 14, 1822, and graduated
at Kenyon college in 1842. Heil parents
emigrated from New
England, and his fa
ther dying, he woe
adopted by a maternal
uncle, from whom he
ultimately received a I
considerable fortune.
He was admitted tothe'
bar at Mariette, Ow in
1846, and entered upon
praetice trot at Fre
mont, 0., and subee- -
quently at Cincinnati. n. i. u vie.
The civil war having broken out,
he was, in June, 1861, made
major of a regiment of Ohio volunteers.
Hit regiment was ordered to service in
woetern Virginia, was subsequently joined
to the army of the Potomac under Gen.
McClellan, and took part in the onerations
pertaining to the confederate invasion of
Marya in September, 1862. At the en
gagement of Sooth Mountain, just be
fore the battle of Antietam, Major
Hayes was severely wounded. Having
recovered from his wound, he was in No
vember, 1862, made colonel of his regiment,
which was subsequently on duty in Ohio
and elsewhere.. He way later made briga
dier-general, and afterwards major-general
of volunteers. In June, 1861, he resigned
his commission, having been elected a rep
resentaites in congress from Ohio, taking
his seat in December. 1865. He was re
elected for the following term, but resigned
in 1867, having been elected governor of
Ohio, to which office he was re-elected in
1809, and again in 18711. His repeated sne
cess in Ohio induced the republican na
tional convention in 1876 to nominate him
for the presidency as a compromise candi
date between Mr. Blaine on the one hand
and Mr. Conkling on the other. When the
eloetion had taken elace, it seemed certain
that of the 869 electoral votes 184 would be
cast for Mr. 'Iilden, the democratic
candidate, being one less than a ma
jority; 172 were equally sure for
Mr. Hayes; but there were thirteen
electors, in respect to whose election there
were grave questions in dispute. In order
to secure the election of Mr. Hayes, all of
these thirteen votes must be counted for
him, In this emergency, n bill was passed
creating a special electoral commission of
fifteen for counting the votes and he was
declared elected. Mr. Hayes' administra
tion was I conservative one. By the with
drawal of all national troops from tho
southern states he restored to them in its
full entity the right of local self-govern
ment, and thus removed, probably per
manently, the "southein question" from
general politics. The rrn ublioan senators,
led by Mr. Conkling, vigoiously opposed
his efforts at a reform of the civil
service, eno that he was able to secure
but little legislation upon the snajecc,
the bill ,. ohibiting political .ases.-nent.
on ollice-iiolcdera teing tlo, ccly meatore in
that direction lrggmed. He wet able, how
ever to set cci Ciddicclle in favor of the re
foric by checking removals except for
rciust, and by instilciting in the intorior dcc
picrtmenct in 'Wabhirgion end in the irost
office and costoc booust at Niw York ccom
peertive exatninationse for tppoliitments.
On March 4, 1881. he was succeeded in the
presidene, tby Mr. (Ja-tield, and has since
resided at his home mit Fremoni, Ohio.
HIS LATTER I)A~5.
Impresslous of a Journallet Who Lately
Visited Hits Home.
Frank 0. Carpenter, the well known cor.
respondent, who recently visited Mr. Hayes
at his bowe in Fremont Farm. writes of his
po sonal appearance and home lifs: lie
was of medium size, as straight as an arrow
and his only sign of age appeared in the
I white of his hair and in his brard of frosted
silver. His blue eyes, which looked at me
from under his slouch hat, were full of fire,
and his choeks were rosy with health. He
wone an overoant well buttoned uit at the
throat, and he throw this open as tie en
tered the room. 1 recognized him at once.
It wite ex-P esldent Hayes, who is now more
than 711 years old, but has as much vigor
I as he had when he presided over the atfairs
of the nation in the White House and
who is as business-like now us he was then.
lie is a live man in every sanse of the word
and the world is not out of jouit for him.
He is a good story teller, ont quote the
speeches and words of others, aud can
imitate the arcent of the charaoters whose
utnversation he repeats. I found him full
of busiiess, and upon telling him that I
wanted to get some photographs of hiirsrIf
and his house he gave tie a tnote for myself
and photographer to Mrs. Webb linyes,
telling her to let uas take pictures of any
thing in the house from garret to cellar
and gave ime an appointinent for my talk.
'The town of Fremout, where President
Hayes lives, is one of the most beautiful
little cetiea sen Ohio. It contains about
8,000 people and is a etty of beautiful
homes, surconnded by largo lawns, which
are filled with great forest trees. The
streets are paved with brick and they are
all lined with rows of great shade trees.
President Hfyes' home is on the outskirts
of the town and, in fact, as much in the
country as though it were miles away from
it. It consists of a great park of forest
trees, surrounded on three stiles by a stretch
of rolling country and on the fourth by the
town. The president calls it Mcpiegel strove,
and he told me there were thirty different
varieties of forest trees in the woods about
it, and these are inhabited during the sum
suer by inure than fitly-two variottes of
birds. The house is it twri-story-and-attic
red brick, trolt in the Gothic style with
a porch about 106 feet long and fifteen
feet wide running across its front, and
with many windows on all of its
sides. It does not impress you at first
glance as being a large houee sari the pres
ident calls tt ao old-fashioned one. its is,
however. I judge, more than 100 feet square
and President Hayes has added to it from
time to time until it most now contain
more room than the White house. The
walls in the rooms are covered with beauti
ful pictures, among others a copy of the
picture of Mrs. Hayes which hangs in the
White house, and there are a few paintings
by famous arsists hanging here rnd there.
The hall contains some old furniture which
has been in Mr. Hayes' family for genera
tions, and a long clock which helonged to
his grandfather stands in the corner. At
the right as you enter is a little painting of
the president when he was a boy, and there
are photographs of himself, Mrs. Hayes and
their friends everywhere.
I doubt whether there is a family in the
county who has no many photographs as
that of President Hayes. He toli me that
not long ago they had begun to count them
but had stopped at 5,000, and he had no
doubt that there were 10,000 different
photographs in the boune. These riioto
greobs are of all character and of all sub
jects. Thousands of them relate to the
president and his friends, and a great many
of them are snap shots taken by his chil
dren and by friends of the family.
Many of his photographs represent Mrs.
Hayes and he spoke of her most affection
ately as he looked over them. Tha one he
likes beat is that made by barony of New
York some years before her death, and
among his favorite pictures is one which
be calls the Madonna picture. It is the
photograph of a daguerreotype or painting
of Mrs. Hayes at about the time of her
marriage and it is wonderfully beautiful.
The motherly face in the picture is inde
scribable, and it is more beautiful than
most of the Madonnas known to art.
As we looked over these pictures I spoke
of Mrs. Hayes and the president gave her
the most beautiful tribute that a husband
could make to his departed wife. He spoke
of her kindness and said: "'She was, I be
lieve, one of the most wonderful women
the world has ever known. iShe could do
more things than any woman I have ever
met, and she did them all well. She had a
most beautiful soul and she was the person
ification of love. She was thoroughly in
sympathy with the world and she was al
ways doing some kindness for those about
her. During the war she was the angel of
many a camp and she was loved by the
soldiers and by every one. She had more
power over others than any person I have
ever known."
President Hayes has, in fact, one of the
finest private libraries in the country. It
numbecs about 12.000 volumes, and his col
loction of Americana is one of the finest in
the country. He bought at one time 4 000
volumes from Robert Clarke & Co.. of im
cinnati, of books bearing on American his
tory and American biography, and these the
book publishers had been years in collecting.
His books are classified so that he can lay
his hands in a moment on any volume. and
they are arranged on the ehelves by sub
jects. I saw shelf after shelf filled with books
on American history. He has about 1,000
volumes which treat of the late civil war,
and he has books on the various states
properly classified. He lies been it saver of
intellectual products all his ilfe, and he has
all the newspapers that be has taken in
early life, and his attic is filled with files of
the leading journals of the day. In these
newspapers you can read the history of half
a century of American life, and some of the
cases of the attic era dr-voted to bound vot
umes of pamphlets on all subjects, classi
fled with great care.
I asked Mr. Haves to tell me something
about his daily life, and in response to a
number of questions concerning it he said:
"I rise with the son both winter and sum
mer and coldorn use the gas to dress by. I
dress and come down to my library and
work from thatt time until breakfast. I
think one's brain is clearer in the morn
ing and I find this to be my best working
period. I do all my work myself and pen
answers to all my letters with my own
hand. At eight o'clock I have my break
cast and shortly after this I go to work
again and write away until about 11, when
I dron my writing for the day. I then take
a walk and look about the place. 1 walk at
least six miles every day and often more.
It is about a mile from here down town and
I make three trips almost regularly. I have
my lunch at one o'clock and after it is over
I read and walk about the grounds here.
Along later in the afternoon I take a drive
of several hours."
At the battle of South Mountain sen.
Hayes led the charge, holding his positioni
at the head of his men after he received
the rebel ball until be was carried feinting
from the field. He wis distinguished for
his bravery during the war and he was al
ways in the front of hIs troops. and in the
second battle of Winchester, where he was
commander of one of tie brigades, he led
his troops to the charge of is battery only
to find housesf in it morass aouit itft
yards wide, H1e was as usuti at the head
of this brigade and he plunged into the
morriis. but his horse at once became
uoirid and eould not move. lie dismounted
and waded across alunite under the enemy's
tire. As roon tis he had reached solid
gronid he waved his tint and signaled the
m-en to conie over. Whrei about forty had
jriined htimi Ie r aired u or, tire trttery arid
took it itft ir it hrriiri-tri ira di uki a ilth tir,
iuintesn. Its wit- miardri , trtrieniisr-genernsl
siur t~y alter this, riru ati. t rrant espeaks
of his bravnrry ini tiLmrsheis
LEASING '10 AN ALILiN.
A Legal Traneantiun i'rtor to the Act of
iMarelh, I1884
Ilotsc, Ida.. Jan., 17. - Tho supreiue court
to-day rendered a decision in the case of
Ah Klee and other Chinese against A. C.
Moetan. In 18S2 Junte Witt lensed some
placer claims to Kleo and aseociatee at Elk
City. Idaho county. McLean disposseseed
the Chines' and jumped the claim. Klee
brought mutt naaijtt Mclehan and Witt.
McLenu demurred on the ground that Klee
was an alien and thu dleurotrr was ens
tatied by Judge Sweet. The aupremo
court overruled Sweet's decitton and re
Wands the oaee to the district court with
instrtitiont to ovet rule the demurrer and
permit defendants to answer. liee's
possesaion, the court holds. was ae tenant
of Witt and prior to the act of March, 1881,
theM e was no law prohibiting the letting of
a mineral claim to an alien.
Nuntggted Cthtianttin Convicted.
PItutranuro, N. T., Jan. ' 17,-The twelve
Chinuattn who th es months ago were ar
restet on a canal tout at house's Point as
they were eUing suggled into this country
from Canada. were tried before United
Stetes tistriet Commissioner Wheeler to
day. United States District Attorney
Alexander atpeared for the government
mud J. C. Thom. the Otimnec lawyer of
Brooklyn, for the pritnuors. Nine of the
Chinamen w, re settented to the Albany
penitentiary for thirty days and upon their
release to be deported to their native
country. The othere, olaiming that they
wire etudents, wee, diechurged. An effort
will be made, it is said, to intoueat the
Chinese ambassador at Washtulton in the
cases of the nine that were scnteneed.
THE WINTER KING REIGNS,
His Dominions Extend Far and
Wide, His Rule 13 Hard
indeed.
Snow Unusually Deep in Europe
and the Weather Intensely
Cold.
Along the Atlantic Coast On This li1e the
Oldest Inhabitant Can't Retcal
the Like.
Lotenow. Jan. 17.-Reports of extreme
cold cooie from all parts of the continent.
The harbor of Kiel is completely icebound.
All over Germany railway traffilo is delayed
and in some parts suspended. Between
tome and Genoa railway communication is
maintained only with the greatest diltioalty.
In Vienna this has been the coldest day of
the winter. Few persons ventured out, as
the dazzling whiteness of the snow was al
most onendurable. A person's nose or ears
would freeze during fifteen minutes' walk.
In the suburbs it was seven below zero. In
the eouth of France several small railway
accidents were caused by snow drifts No
trains were run on the railroads between
Castelnandary and Narbonne, Ohartres and
Magny. The train which left Chartres
Saturday night is still embedded in snow.
High winds prevail along the coast of
Spain. Many fishing boats were wreaked.
Railway traftlc is snspended in Galiela and
the Biscay provincee. All mails arrive
at Madrid many hours late.
Immense snow drifts are piled up along
the Swiss frontier, so communication is la
te r opted. In southern Italy the weather
is severer than before in the last ten years.
Ice forms in the streets and snow drifts
along the hibhweys. A dispatch from Naples
says Vesuvius and other mountains there.
aboots are covered with snow.
Phenominally cold weather continues
throughout Austro-Hungary. Much suffer
log is reported. Gypsies are the worst suf
ferrors. A band of these wanderers were
encamped near Koniggrass, Bohemia, this
morning and sixteen of the band were
frozen to death. At Prague the mercury
was twenty-five degrees below zero eenti
erade. A soldier who was on guard daty
was found frozen to death at his post this
morning.
No Abatement of Severity.
PAtrs., Jan. 17."-Very little abatement in
the severity of cold weather has taken
place here. A heavy snow-storm prevails.
Snow is so deep that street traffic is at a
stand-still. A number of persons have died
from exposure. The rivers Seine, Loire and
Loirette are frozen over,
Abnormally Cold at Monte Carlo.
MoNra Cfamo, Jan, 17.-Abnormally cold
weather is prevailing here. Snow has been
falling three days. The mercury reached
the lowest point known for years.
0 ON THIs SIDE.
The Weather Is Not Less Severe Tham la
Europe.
a NEW YOR, Jan 17.-According to the old
f est inhabitants of Manhattan Island this
e winter has not had an equal in point of se
f verity for the past twenty-five years. The
- worst of it is, the weather official
here says, no thaw is is sight.
The cold spell to-day extended
from Maine to Florida. In Maryland,
North and South Carolina, the present gen.
eration has not before experienced such
I cold weather or so much snow, and Ala
d baos to-night reports a heavy fall. and
I still snowing. At Newport, It. 1.. the inner
harbor is closed and ice is fast encroaching
upon the waters of the outer
i harbor. Communication with the
i torredo station is prectically shut of.
- Vineyard sound is full of heavy ice and
t navigation is not safe to sailing vessels
a through Stonehouse shoals. Ice for five
e miles north of Nantucket is heavily packed
,t in. A fleet of sound steamers from Prowl
r. denee, Fall River and New Haven, bound
d for New York. is blocked in ice of White
e stone, and was unable to proceed this morn
,r ink.
'The Providence, of the Fall River line, a
e side wheeler, came along and broke a new
track through the ice and led the other
steamers in a procession to New York.
r Heavy ice piled into Delaware Breakwater
d to-day and caused much trouble to
g shipping. The German bark Pacific,
r with sugar, was driven by ice
on Cape Henlonin, where she
lies in a leaking condition. Several other
s vessels were forced ashore by the ice, which
I is very heavy, and tuog find it difiloult
work to rescue shipping. Much damage
is apprehended it the gorge continues.
Baltimore Under Ice lilockade.
BALTIMORE, Jan. 17.-Baltimore is nude,
blockade by ice. Only the largest tug
boate can .work their way through, then
only under a full bend of steam. 'lug-.
boat men positively refuse to move steam
era from their piers. We k in them is at a
standstill. Oyster cormrisaion merihants
yesterday received $l._) per Unaetl for
oyeters of the kind known rs "iood straight
ups," the highest price over kiown in this
market.
Want No New Terts.
rj Cr.rvrr.ANu, O.r Jan. 17.-The Cleveland
Presbytecran Union, composed of all Pres
byterian churches in the city, adopted a
nirrifeeto tonight do; reciting any efort to
itoh use new tests of orthodoxy or to restrict
the liberty hitherto endorsed by men who
sincerely subscribed to the confession of
ftitO. The union also expressed the belief
that the interests of the church at large
would be conserved by the cessation of
ecalesiastical trials for heresy of men who
airourely profees faith in the holy scriptures
e an ounerring rule of faith and practice,
and entre fidelity to the gospel of Jesus
Christ as the son of God. The manifesto
has reference to the rroposed appeal of the
prosecution of the Brigge case.
A rawn Treasurer short,
UiiiraniiY, Cal,, Jan. 17.-Thomas Hanna,
town irenaurer, rsshort in his accounte to e
' conesiderable amount. He gave a check on
the BIerkeley bank for $6 600 to the German
t aviuse and Loan bank. or San Francisco,
in payment for electrio light bonds. The
Berkeley bank refused the cheok, as the
town had no money on deposit. Hanna
says he has need the town's money in his
own business and has no idea how his af
fairs stand. He has turned property val
ued at about $25,0JO over to his bondemen
and an expert is examining his books,
Will le Taken to ihvingston.
ISr. l'ArL, Dec. 18.--[Special,1-Arthua
Gardner, a young man with parents living
in Minneapolis, has been arrested in that
city on an order from Livingston, Mont~,
charging hist with grand larceny. He will
be hold to await the arrival of so oil ee
fton Livingston.

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