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The Helena independent. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, February 02, 1893, Morning, Image 1

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VOL. XXXIII.-NO. 356. HELENA, MONTANA, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 2, 1893. PRICE FIVE CENTS
GANS &
KLEIN
.\
To-DAY the annual meeting
of the New York Yacht Club
will take place in that City.
Commodore Elbridge Gerry,
famous as the President of the
Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Children, will retire
from office, and be succeeded
by Edwin D. Morgan. The In
ternational race for the Ameri
ca's Cup which is now a cer
tainty, will therefore be under
the direction of new officers.
To call your attention to the op
portunity we present of pur
chasing all Clothing at a Dis
count of Ten Per Cent. from
prices marked in plain figures
For Overcoats, Uls1ers
..AND ..
Heavy-Weight Suits
We are leaders in style, dura
bilety and Manufacture. Our
Tailor-Made Clothing is un
equalled in Helena.
We are Sole Agents for
Dr. Jaeger's
..SANITARY,
ALL-NOOL OND[H'N[AA
Especially adapted
I or Women and Childron.
( AN8 &
KL EIN
AWAITING THE HAWAIIANS
Until They Arrive There Is Only
Speculation as to Their
Mission.
But the Feeling in Favor, of An
nexation Seems to Be
Growing.
That sort of Action Recommended by
Several State Legislatures-Canada
Is Exelted Over It.
WAsurnoTON, Feb. 1.-The principal do.
velopment in connection with the Hawaiian
situation to-day is the announcement that
Secretary of State Foster has given up his
trip to Paris next week, whither be was go
ing as agent of the United States to attend
a meeting of the Tiering sea arbitrators.
In view of the necessities of the situation
suddenly presenting themselves, it has been
deemed expedient that he should remain in
the department until the close of his term
of office. He will, however, moot the arbi
trators at the date of their adjourned meet
ing, March 23. Senator Frye, of Maine, a
leading member of the committee on for
eign relations, has taken an active interest
in all matters relating to the control of nut.
lying islands in the Paciio ocean. He
said to-day:
"I have for years observed with regret
the acquisition by foreign powers of de
airable coaling stations and harbor priv
ileges on several island, until now there
are none left save this one on the
Sandwich islands. I am in favor of mak
ing sure of this one by taking Hawaii into
our possession. The protest of England
against annexation on our part, if deemed
best by this govemnment, would be pre
snmptuous and impudent. I Imagine it
will be confined to the presentation of a
diplomatic note to which the secretary of
state will make reply that England did not
consult us or our interest when she made
an agreement with Germany to divide the
islands of the Pacific with that power, and
she certainly can have no ground for ob
jection if we see At to take Hawaii, the
only territory now remaining in the ocean."
The war department, at the request of the
state department, is having copies made of
a number of blue prints showing the topo
graphical situation of Honolulu and other
points in the Sandwich iselands. The
copies and the rest of the or iginals not du
rlicated will be given Secretary Foster for
reference in the conference he is to have
Saturday with the annexation commie.
sioners. It is also probable a duplicate of
three mage will be fn nisihed the navy de.
partment for transmission to the naval
torce in Hawaiian waters.
Sec esary of State Foster held a confer
ence this zoo sting with Senator Morgan.
the leading democratic member of the sen
ate committoe on foreicn relatione, and
with 13ionnt, of Geortia, chairman of the
house committee on foreign affairs. The
secretary also had a talk on the Hawaiian
situation with liep esentative Hilt, of
Illinois, ex-chairman of the house commit
toe on foreign affairs and leading repub
lican member of that committee. 'I hese
gentlemen came singly and gave their
views wiih reference to this onestion.
There are no indications of any material
increase to be made in the number of the
United States vessels in Hawailan waters.
No developments that will lead to blood
shed in Honolulu or elsewhere in the Islands
have come to light and it is believed in
naval circles the forn, of m r ines and sail
ors on the Boston is sufficient to protect
American interests and mrrnlain order,
Onur vessel may be aunt to sniport the Bos
ton and information obtained at tire de
partment leads to the belief that no others
will follow unless the situation becomes
alarming, and this does not seem probable
in view of the rresent state of affairs. b he
government will not be caught napping,
however, and vessels will be prepared for
era and kept in readiness.
CANADIAN INTERESTS
tWould be Effected by Annexation to the
Unie I Statee.
OTTAWA, Ont., Feb. 1.-Senator McLean
to-night asked prrliament whether the
Cenadian government had preesed upon the
imperial authorities the vital interest Can
ada had in the maintenance of the political
independence of the Sandwish Islands,
now in a state of revolution, and which
formed a seotion in the British cable system,
and for the annexation of which islands
a motion is now pending before the United
States senate. Sir John Thompson replied
that communications passed between the
British and Canadian authorities in recent
years in regard to the importanoe of the
Hawaiian ielands as a possible station in
connection with telegraph service, and
Canadian interests which a e involved in
the independenee of their county.
iteatecting the recent movement the e.
no correspondence has paseed between the
Canadian and her majesty's government,
partly because the latter is well aware of
the importance of the interests involved,
and 1 artly because, as he had reason to
understand, her majesty's government is
alive to the impoatance as regards Can
adian and other interests of the empire in
those islands.
RtEAt)t FOR SEA.
The Ranger and Adamrt Have Steam Up
Others Aaarabble.
MAtE EleAND, Cal., Feb. 1.-The United
States steamers ranger and Adams are now
lying in the stream, steam op. and having
a compliment of nien, stores and am
munition aboard ready to proceed to sea,
and are awaiting orders from Washingatn.
The Monterey arrived this morning and
will be ready to go in commission in two
date. The men ay* swarming on her to
push her to completion. The old monitor
Comanche is being pashed to completion
sod will be ready for immediate use inside
of one week. There is a fall force of men
working on her. When the Monterey
arrived her supplies and ammunition wee
ready for her and were at once put on board.
There was no crew for her, however, as ell
the available men were required to man the
Adams and Ranger. Both the latter vesesls
are to sail at a moment's notioe. The sup
position is thst the Adams will sail at
onae and the litanger will leave a day or
two later. In ronjnotiorn with the Boston
and Alliance they could put a forceof 1,000
men ashore, and these baeked by the
gatling guns, would make a formidable
showing.
LEGISLATIVE ACTION.
Touching Upon the Subject of Hawaiian
Annexation.
INDIoAAPol.lr, Feb. 1.-A house resotation
introduced this morning urses representa
tives in congress to nue their best efforts
looking toward the establishment of Amer
loan supremacy in Hawaii, either by means
ct a protectorate or by annexation, at as
early a date as possible, and upon such
terms and conditions as will secure to its
people permanent peace and prosperity.
Should Ile Taken In.
SAcOULaMuTO, Cal., Feb. 1.-The senate
adopted a joint resolution providing that
whenever the Hawaiian government sig
nify a desire that the territory be annexed
by the United States, California congress
men should endeavor to bring about snuh
result, and that it is the sense of California
that no other power than the United States
obtain control over the islands.
Will Consider the Matter.
NuanVILLr, Tenn., Feb. 1.-In the house
to-day Fitzgerald, democrat, introduced a
resolution expressing it as the sense of the
house that the United States government
should establish a protectorate over the
Hawaiian islands, with a view to annexa
tion. The resolution was referred to the
committee on federal relations.
Unanimously Favor Annexation.
HAnnRSnBon, Pa., Feb. 1.-The aenate to.
day unanimouely adopted a resolution
favoring the annexation of the Sandwich
islands to the United States and urging the
rep'esentotives of Penneylvania at Wash
ington to use every measure in their power
to promote annexation.
STATE IRRIGATION.
Meeting of the Committee Appointed by
the Convention Last Year.
H. P. Rolfe, chairman of the committee
on permanent organization of the irriga
tion convention which met at Helena a year
ago, has issued the following call:
The irrigation committee will meet at
Helena on Feb. 9, 1893. The subjects for
dissnesion will be the constitution and by
laws; the irrigation law; the appointment
of a committee to look after legislation;
reports on irrigation from the delegates of
each county; discussionof the best methods
of building irrigation reservoirs and
ditches; discussion of questions connected
with irrigation and sorh other business as
may come before it. The deleastes to the
convention will be ten in number appointed
by the members of the committee of per
manent organization of each county in
connection with the chairman of the board
of commissioners of that county, and such
other members of the county commission
ers as he may call upon to assist.
In case of the absence of the committee
from any county, members of the board of
county county commissioners are author
ized to appoint delegatea. The railroads
will Le asked to give reduced i ctee.
The following are the committees of the
different counties:
George McComb, Dawson county; H. P.
Rolfy, Casucde county; Henuy Whalen.
Meagher county; William Child. Lewis and
Clarke county; B. F. Shunrt, Yellowstone
county; Alfred Meyres. Park county; Wm.
Hamilton, Silver Bow county; C. K. Har
deabrook, Deer Lodge counts; Z. T. Horton,
Choteau coanty; J. A. Caldwell, Gallatin
county; A. G. England. Missouli county; Ii.
S. Higgins. Custer county;. E. N. Book,
Jefferson county; S. S. Hoyuon, Fergus
county; R. G. Hickman, Madison county.
CONTESTANTS NON-SUITED.
Decsalon of Judge Armstrong in the Cas
cade Cases.
GREAT FAzLLS, Feb. 1.-[Special.]-Judge
I Armstrong granted a motion for non-suit
in the Athey-Cockrill contest case this
mo niug. Plaintiff's attorney were granted
thirty clays in which to prepare and file a
bill of exception. The case of Pigott against
Benton then came up. Three witnesses
were put on the stand by plaintiff's attor
neys, after which they rested. Defendant's
counsel then moved for non-suit, as the
case was almost identical with that against
Cookrill. No argoumeuts were made by
either aide upon the motion. The judge
granted the motion and allowed plaintilf
the usual thirty days in which to file a bill
of exceptions. Both cases now go to the
supreme court for final adjutation.
Dtaooyered the Tiger Mine.
MISSOrtLA, Feb. 1.--9pecial.]-John Car
ter, an ear ly pioneer of Montana and the
discoverer of the famous Tiger mine in the
Cusur d'Alenes, died in this city this even
ing. C D. Porter, owner of the Custer
mine, came in from the Coeur d'Alenee
this morning. He reports that nearly all
of the concentrating milli in the flat seao
tion have been compelled to close, ex
tremely cold weather having frozen up the
water. He says the Cceur d'Alenes are
producing concentrates at the late of 10,
000 tons a month.
Murder is the Second Degree.
LIoINGSTON, Feb. 1. -[Special].- The
jury in the Bloom murder case returned a
verdiet at nine o'clock to-night of murder
in the second degree, fixing the penalty at
imprisonment for life.
LIKE SENSIBLE MEN.
Nebraska TtepublicansGo Into Caucus and
Nominate a Candidate.
LiacooN, Nab., Feb. 1.-There was no
choice of United States senator to-day. The
independents concentrated on Greene, the
republicans and democrats scattered their
votes.
The republicans to-night nominated John
M. Thurston for senator in their aauous.
Still Scatteria.
CoEYENsE, Wro., Feb. 1.-Two ballots
for United States senator were taken to
day. I he last: Warren, republican, eleven;
New, democrat, nine; Brows, populist, six;
Cltrk, republican, six: others scattering.
Benton Leading.
Bisoanex, N. D., Feb. 1.-The senatorial
ballot to-day resulted: Casey thirty-one,
Benton thirty-nine, the others scattering.
togus Blaluo Biographies.
W OnilmNoVON, Feb. 1. - The following
statement is sent out by request: Publia
advertisements of many hbiographios of
James G. Blaine," pretending to be "au.
thentic and authoritotivo," compel me to
state that no biograsby of the life and
works of Mr. Blaine is authorized or ap
proved by myself or by any member of Mr.
Blaine's, family; tsatno manuscript of Mr.
litaino's, or any private tetter or paper of
Mr. Illarne's. or any material for a bio
graphy, have been eiven out to anyone. If
in the future any "authenmo" or "author
ized" biography should he prepared by
competent auth, e it will be auttenticated
and actholized by myellt.
[Signed. idAuIhrrT S. B.AINL.
Pneumatic Guns Tested.
Pear ROYtAL, . O., Feb. 1.-The official
trial of the paeumatlc gun of the dynamite
cruiser Vesuvius began this morning. In
all twelve shots were fired, six at a range of
2,000 yards and six at 1,500 yards, three
guns being tired in successon. With the
exception of the first two shots fired from
the starboard gun, no shot fell more than
twenty yards distant from the required
rance, and every shot fired would have
struck a man-of-war at the distance dr'
ignated by th. board. There was no dillm
oulty to working the air guns.
FITTHE_CRIME.
Henry Smith's Most Fiendish Deed
Expiated in a Manner Equally
Terrible.
Tortured for an Hour With Blaz
ing Brands and Then Burned
to Ashes.
Cruel Assault Upon and Brutal Mur
der of a Four-Year-Old
Girl.
In Revenge Upon Her Father, Who
Had Arrested the Fiend
Inoarnate.
Around the Funeral Pile Were Gathered
Many Thousands of the People of
the County.
I'Pans, Tex., Feb. 1.-Henry Smith, the
negro ravisher of four-year-old Myrtle
Vance, bas expiated in part his awful crime
by death at the stake. Ever sinen the per
petration of his awful crime this city and
the entire surrounding country have been
in a wild frenzy of excitement. When the
news came last night that he had been cap
tured at Hope, Ark., and identified, the city
was wild with joy over the apprehension of
the brute. Hundreds of citizene poured
into the city from the adjoining country
and word passed from lip to lip that the
punishment of the fiend ahould be death
by fire. The whisky shops were closed,
unruly mobs were dispersed, schools dis
missed by proclamation from the mayor,
and everything done in business-like man
ner. Law was laid aside and the citizens
took into their own hands the inhuman
beast and burned him at the stake. Never
before since the days of the Spanish inqui
sition has there been such a terrible pun
ishment mated out to any man.
The history of the crime is as follows:
Thursday last Smith picked up little Myr
tle Vance, aged three and a half years, near
her father's, Policeman Henry Vance,
residence, and carrying her to a pasture
near the outskirts of the city first viciously
aesaulted the innocent babe, and after est
isfying hie fiendish passion, took one little
limb in each hand and literally tore her in
twain. After covering the body with
leaves and brush, he lay down and slept
oalmly through the night by the side of his
victim. Friday morning Smith went to
the house of his wife and forced her to
cook him a breakfast. After eating it he
left town. The child's remains were found
Friday afternoon, and when news of the
atrocious crime spread the whole town
turned out in the chase. Itfilroada put up
bulletins offering free transportation to all
who would join in the search. Posses went
out in every direction and not a stone was
left unturned.
Smith was tracked to Detroit on foot,
where he jumped a freight train and left
for his old home in Arkansas. Yesterday
he was captured near Hope, Ark.. and was
fully identified. This morning he was
brought th ough Texarkana. where 5,000
people awaited the train, anxious to see the
man who should receive the fate of Ed Coy
at that place. Speeches were made by
prominent Parie citizens, who asked that
the prisoner be not molested by Texarkana
people, but that the guard be allowed to de
liver him up to the outraged and indignant
citizens of Paris. Along the road the train
gathered strength from various towns, peo
ple crowding upon the platforms and tope
of coaches, anxious to see the lynching,
and the negro who was so soon to be deliv
ered up to the infuriated mob.
Arriving here at 12 o'clock the train was
met br a surging mass of humanity, tin
thousand strong. The negro was placed
upon a carnival float, in mockery of
the king upon his throne, and followed by
an immense crowd, was escorted through
the city so that all might see the inhuman
monster. When the proceesion had
marched through the principal streets it
halted in an open prairie about three hun
dred yards from the Texas & Pacific depot.
Here Smith was placed upon a scaffold six
feet square and ten feet high, securely
bound, within view of all beholders. Here
he was tortured for fifty minutes by red
hot iron brands thrust against hisiquiver
ing body. Commencing at his feet the
brands were placed against him inch by
inch until they were thrust against his face.
Then kerosene wee .voured upon him, cot
ton seed hulls place! heneath him and set
on fire. In less time than it takes to relate
it the tortured man was burnt to a crisp,
and li a little while thereafter nothing was
left of the whole funeral pile but pieces
of charcoal which before nightfall were
carried away by curiosity sookers.
It is stated that Smith's motive for the
crime was that once, when drunk and dis
orderly, he wan r: ected by Olilcer Vance,
who was compelled to use his club on him.
For this the negro swore vengeance and seay
oral times assaulted Vance. The climax of
his flendishnets came Thursdy, when he
committed the awful crime for which he
tas paid the last penalty. Vance is pros
traced with grief and his wife lies at death's
door from nervous prostration.
Words to describe the awful torture in
d1icted upon r'mith cannot be found. The
story appals one with its fearful, awful tsr
ror. For a long time after starting on the
journey to Paris Smith did not realize his
plight. At last, when he was told he mist
die the most awful death by slow torture
that the human wind could conceive, be
begged for protection. He was willing to
be shut, and wanted Marshal Franklin, of
'aris, to do it. but was told he was to be
burned to death. His agony was awful.
He writhed and pleaded in mental and
bodily pain in anticipation.
Scarcely had the train reached Paris
than the torture commenced. His clothes
were torn off piecemeel and scattered in
the crowd, people catclhing shreds and put
ting them away as mementoes. The child's
father, her brother and two uncles then
gathered about thIu negro as he was fastened
to the platform snoi thrust hit irons into
his quivering fleets. it was horrible, this
man dying try slow torture in the midst of
smoke from his own burning Hlnel. Every
groan from the wretch, every ountortion of
his body, way cheered by the thickly
paoked crowd oi 11l,000 people. The mars
of beings wire nit yards in diameter, the
scaffold being in the center.
After burning has feet and legs hot irons
were rolled up and down Smith's e'omach,
back and arms. Then his iyes were burned
out, and the irons thl net down his thrust.
The mien of the Vance family hasing
wreaked their venieance, the crowd piled
all sorts of combustible stuff around the
seaffold, toured oil on It and set it aiire.
H. rolled, and wriggled and tossed out of
the mass, only to be pushed back by the
people nearest bier. He passed out agasn,
and was toped mud pulled bhak. Hundreds
of people turned away, but a majorrty of
the vast crowd looked calmly on.
People were here from every pari.of this
saction. );very train that came in was
loaded to its utmost cap'city, and thern
were demands at many points for special
trains to bring people hete to eve the un
paralleled pnnishment of the fiend for his
crime, and when the news of the burning
went over the country like wildfire at every
country town anvils boomed forth the an
nouncement.
SIXTY BELOW.
Coldest Weather Yet Reported This Win
ter-At Nelhart.
=OGRAT FALrS, Feb. l.--[Hpecial,1-Dor.
Ing the morning there was elight percepti
ble ehange In the weather for the better,
the mercary managing to get up toeighteen
below zero. Shortly after noon it began to
recede to its former haunts and to-night is
well on the way to the forty mark. The
atmosphere is hazy and the wind is blow.
ing from the north. Fortunately no fatal
ities due to the extremely cold weather
have been reported as yet, but it Is feared
several lives have been lost in the ranching
communities.
Reports from Neihart slate that Monday
night the thermometer fell to sixty below
and never got above fifty below any time
Toaeday.
COLDEST BOLt TEARt.
Reports to That Effect All Over the
Northwest.
Sr. PAUL, Feb. 1.-To-day has been the
coldest day for years over the northwest.
As low as fifty has been reported from some
points, while none could tell of weather
above zero. In this city early this morn
ing thermometers were ranging from twen
ty-five to forty below, and at seven o'clock
to-night the weather bureau reported
twenty below. It was forty below at Brit
ton, thirty below at ionx Falls, twenty-six
below at Yankton, end thirty-eight below
at Huron, H. 1). In North Dakota Devil's
Lake reported thirty below and Fargo forty
one below.
Has Struck Colorado.
DrEvrE, Feb. 1.-The storm that has been
raging east, struck Colorado to-day. To
night the mercury has gone down to zero
and heavy anew fall is reported from sev
eral points. Snowalidee in the mountains
are numerues. Near Carbondale one man
lost his life in a elide and at Aspen two
miners were killed by an avalanche. At
Marone's saw mill, about ten miles from
Aspen, eight men and a number of maules
were snowed in last week with little pro
visions and a rescuing party started for the
mill yesterday. It is known that several
elides have since occurred, and it is feared
the resourers are caught between two of
them, as nothing was heard from them to
day.
Some Cold, Much Snow.
PORTLAND, Ore., Feb. 1.-Oregon and
Washintton are just now experiencing the
coldest weather in ten years, the thermom
eter registering from five to twenty do:
grees below zero east of the Cascade moon
tains early this morning, while west of the
mountains it was hovering about the zero
mark. Snow began falling again this
morning and at aix p. in. was still at it.
From one to two feet has fallen, causing
much trouble to all railroad lines. In
eastern Oregon and Washington stock on
the ranges is suffering intensely.
The !wift Blizzard.
KantysA Ciur, Feb. 1.-The blizzard which
swooped down from the north yesterday
evening continued just twenty-four hours.
At six o'clock this evening it was practic
ally over. A remarkable feacnre was the
extraordinary fall of temperature. At this
place the mercury dropped from forty-nine
degrees above to five below zero, a fall of
fifty-four degrees. At DoJle City, Ean.,
the fall was eighty-two degrees during the
eatme period. 'lbs blizzard has caused
considerable delay to railroads.
Mercury Soon Retreated.
O1uaHA, Neb., Feb. 1.-The lowest tem
perature reported in the city to-day was
twenty-two degrees below zero at seven a.
in. At two p. m, the mercury registered
ton below zero, the highest point, and then
began to retrace its tirpa until at eight p.
in. it was sixteen below. Railway traffic is
delayed and some ioade report trains four
to seven houis late.
Climax of Severity.
MAitnar.rirowN, Ia., Feb. 1.-The winter
weather hba reached the climax of severity
here last night. The mercury went down
to twenty-four degrees below with a north
west blizzard raging. All trains are late
and the telegraph wires are down in all
directions.
U. P. CHANGES.
President Clark Gives Up the Manage
inet to fils Assistant.
O\MAIA. Feb. 1.-General Manrrger S. 11.
II. Clark, of the Union Pacific. retired to
day, and was succeeded by Dickinson, who
has been asaistentaut under Clark. Clark
retains the presidency of the road, but
gives up the active management. George
if. lagrant was appointed chief engineer of
the system. ie is at present assistant
chief engineer of the Missouri Palcifi.
Competition Mlakes Cheap Freights.
NRiw YoRa, Feb. 1.--The policy of the
Panaina railway company in putting on a
line of steamships in opposition to the Pa
cilfi mail company has impelled the latter
to redure the neass:nger rate to Colon from
$90 to $!11, and the feoight rate from $9 to
$2 per ton. The cigniricanee of this action
will be grasped when it is considered that it
is eight dave' journey to the isthmus. 'beis
commercial war gains additional signift
easce from the alleged fuoi that the uman
agement of the Panama railroad company
has adversised abroad for foreign steamers
tocarry freight from New York to the leth
mus.
Typhus Spreading.
Nsw YoRK, Feb. 1.-The health nuthori
ties have become thoroughly alarmed over
the rapid spread of typhusr duriug the peat
week and ale adopting herie useasures to
stop its terrible progress. Thirty-erivea
have been deolared quarantines'. The In
dustrial mission school in Wv eat i hirty
second street hke been closed. The scourge
is no longer confited to the filthy lodging
houses of the east side. One neae has been
reported from Ilarlem. 'I he board of etti
mate has furnished $1.t)0l) with which to
pae twenty phystoians to inspect lodging
houses for the next thirty daes.
Dealing With the Coasablueam.
Aiprsua, N. Y., Feb. 1.-The committee
of the state senate investigating the head
inug railroad coal combine to-day presented
a bill providing for licenise for carrying
coral within the limits of the state and for
dealing in coal, and fixing the maximum
price to be charged by etch, with penalties
for a viulatron.
Funeral of .ohn A. Davis.
htraiirnii. Ill., Feb. 1.-The remains of
the lite John A. Davis, heir of the Mon
tena millionaire, arrived here this morn
ing from Victoria. It. C., where he was
killed by falling iown stise at a hotel. A
private toueral was hold at the parlors of
the Hotel Nelson this afternoon.
PENSIONS IN POLITICS.
Government Bounty Bestowed Reck
lessly in States Needed by the
Republican Party.
Figures That Clearly Indicate
Wholesale Fraud Entirely
for Party Profit.
Demoralized Condition of the National
Treasury Brought About by the
Islillon Dollar Congress.
WAnnmOTO~, Feb. 1.-9ome interesting
fifures come from the pension bureau.
They illustrate the way in which the bounty
of the uovernment has been exploited in a
party's intereet. for the purpose of holding
bbe northwest to the republicans. New
York furnibhed 448,850 men to the union
armies during the war, and now has
88,311 pensioners on the rolls, or about
one . enaloner to every five and one-halt
men furnished. Indiana sent but 196,363
rmen and has 67.420 pensioners, or a little
more than one for every three men fur
niehed. Ohio bas about the same ratio. hav.
log furnished 318,180 men and having 98,916
pensioners. Iowa, a state which had to be
specially "worked" to hold it in line, fur.
nished 76,242 men and has 37,131 pensiou
ora, or almost exactly one tensioner to
every two men furnished. Minnesota has
fared still better. That state, which fur.
nished only 24,020 men, has 15,206 pension
era, or considerably more than one for
every two men. Michigan furnished 87.864
men and has 44.048 pensioners. or more
than one to two. Does any sane man doubt
that these figures represent wholesale fraud
and the exploitation of the government's
bounty in aid of political party?
The present congress same into being
with an enormous load upon the treasury.
Its predecessor had not only spent all the
money on land, but had heavily mort
gaged the future. How heavily no aecount
ant has yet been able to determine. In
deed, Mr. McLennan, of the treasury de
partment, ham utterly broken down in
health under the strain of trying to find out
the degree of ruin wrought. Among other
means of aquandering the billion dollars,
congress was specially interested ia au
thorizing lavish expenditures fog costly
buildings in all sorts of cities and
towns, big and little. It left as a legacy
to this congress a great mass of contracts
of this sort, for which only partial appro.
priations had been made, and a consider
able part of the appropriations last year
were forced in this way. But the author
izations were so many and so extravagant
that even the activity of the administration
in binding the treasury to expenditures has
not been able to ke. p up with the list. Al
most two years after the billion-dollar
congress went out of existence there
remain about fifty public buildings au
thorized, for the construction of which
no contracts have been made. The au
thorized cost of these ranges from $10,000
to $2,000,000 each, with two or three on
which no limit of cost is fixed. The fig
ures given on these foot up more than
$6;,000,000. The total, including the un
limited ones, will exceed $10,000,000. It is
not by any means imnoseible that some
thing will be done at this session to sue.
pend these authorizations unless the an
swere not yet given to the questions of the
wavr and means committee shall show the
treasury to be in a much better condition
than anybody expects.
Should increased revenues be needed it is
goinmr to be very hard to supply them. The
whisky tax, which seemed to offer so simple
a remedy, has been rendered unavailable
by the whisky makers, who, in hope of
profit, have manufactured so largely that a
full two or three years' supply will be in
bond before any additional tax can take
elfect. Whisky cannot yield additional
revenue, therefore, for two yeare to
come. Coffee and tea, which are al
together imported, and raw sugar, of
which Avegsixths is imported, are ideal
subjects of revenue tariff taxation; but
no congress will restore the tax on these
until the people shall have been reconciled
to a small increase in consideration of a
tariff change giving them cheaper clothing
and blankets. In view of these conditions
the minds of all the democratic leaders
seem more and more turning to a gradu
ated tax on large incomes as a source of
more revenue.
Growing Public Debt.
WksurNroroe, Feb. 1.-Publia debt state
ment: The net gold in the treasury Jan. 81,
as shown by the debt statement lssued to
day. was $108,181,713, the lowest figure
reached in many years. This amount in
cludes the $100.000.000 gold reserved. In
the month of January there was a net in
crease of the publio debt of $3,105.800. The
non-interest bearing debt was decreased
$722,29;1. The interest bearing debt showed
an inorrease of $580, while the net cash was
$3,827,520 less than at the close of the year
1t93. The interest Iresrine debt outstand
ing Jan. 31, was $5.5,082.60;0, and the debt
upon which interest has ceased since ma
turity was $2,357.750. The non-interest
bearing debt was $:70t411,r;l8, making a
total of $;63.82.10:;3. 'Tbh' aggregate debt,
mIndn rn errtrlieatee and treasury notes is
$1,571.310,l15. I he balance in the treasury,
ineluding the $10,M 0.tMK) gold reserve, was
$12'.265,008. 'T'he statement of receipts and
disiorrements for tho month shows that
payments made by the treasury exceeded
the Income by over $1,00,000.
Wili Avodi a Vote.
WaeNro'roN, Feb. 1.--The republican
members of the senate, under direction of
Sherman, completed a poll of the senate
on the proposed repeal of the Sherman sil
ver not of 18110. It is said the result is not
at all satisfactory to those who have looked
forward to the possible repeal of the not.
According to common report it was discov.
errrd that there ire only about eight meom
bers on thee dtmooratio side who can be de
pended upon to voto for tire repeal, and the
result Is even more discouraging on the re
publican eide.
There are senators who favor or who
rwould vote for the repeal if the measure
came to a vote, but who will not vote to
bring the matter snder conilderation. It
is also uiderstood that a majority of seven
or eight on the republican side of the
chriuber are against bringing the meature
to a irvte.
What tire Senate Did.
WVatitNroa, Feb. 1.-The fortification
bill was finally gassed by the senate and
the army appropriation bill was then taken
up and passed, with a single amendment
increasing the monthly pay of sergeants of
the army. The District of Columbia trill
came next In order. All committeeamend
ments were agreed to, except one reserved
for action to-morrow, looking to the erec
tion of a $r00.000 munliipal building Is
Washingtos City, and the bill went over.
Four negroues murdered and robbed two
white men. Itadoliffe and 11ortridge, at
Mhibland, Va. Fout lynched.

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