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RICKARDS' FIRST VETO.
The Governor Has Constitutional Objections to One Feature of a House Bill. lathead and Valley Counties Are Now Added by Exeou tive ApprovaL Important Measures Introdueed - The Senate Passes the 50-Year Corporation ill1-Senatorlal Ballot Unchanged. Gov. Rickards sent to the legislature yes. terday his first veto. It was on the bill fix ing the number and compensation of the officers and employee of the legislature. The governor stated that he had no objeo tions to the provisions of the bill, except sceh as the constitution interposed to one of its features. That feature is the one which made the pay of the speaker pro tem of the house and the president pro tem of the senate $10 a day. The constitution provides that no member shall have his eompensation increased during his term of service by any act passed by the legislature of which he is a member. The pay of mem bers of this legislature was fixed by its predecessor at $6 per day. The fixing of the pay of the pro tem presiding officers at $10 a day, in the gove nor's opin ion, amounted to an increase during their term of office. The increase was made by an amendment added in the senate. A new bill, with the objectionable part eliminated, will be passed. The gov ernor approved the bills creating Fathead and Valley counties. Among the bills intro dnued was one by Representative Bray, of Bilver Bow, proposing an amendment to the constitution regulating the manner of pro posing legislation for the assembly and ap proving it afterwards. It is known as the initiative and referendum. 'Ihe people, or whatever pe oentage of them may be decided on as necessary, are to initiate legislation, and when it is enacted a majority of the voters can approve or reject. Another bill by the same author takes from the state treas urer or the county treasurer whatever op- i portunity they may have had to reap any personal benefits by depositing the pub. lelo funds in bank. It allows all banks to compete for the business of acting as depository for public funds, provi4ed the successful one pay not less than six per cent interest for the privilege. The house passed several bills, including that which originated in the senate, allow ing all school districts to issue bonds for school purposes to an amount not exceed ing three per sent of the assessed valuation of property. All the publl building bills were reported from the committee on state institutions. They are for the agricul tural college at Bozeman. the university at Missoula, the school of mines at Butte, and a soldiers' home at Glendive, all of which have already passed the senate; and these for locating the penitentiary at Billings, and the normal school at Dillon, which originated in the house. A day will doubtless be set for considering the bills. Some work was done in committee of the whole, mostly at the night session. Among other bills passed on favorably were the following: fixing the hours of labor for en ginses in mines; providing that three citi .ens, but no county ofioers, are to consti tute the board of county appraisers; exempting from assessment the prop erty of widows and orphans to the amount of $1.000. Steps were taken toward getting a state seal, by the appoint ment of a committee to act with a similar committee from the senate to seleet a proper design. When Gov. Richards read his message to the legislature the first week of the session he estimated that the requirements of the state for the present and the next fiscal year would amount to $451,360. Since then he has gone over the matter more carefully and yesterday hbe sent in a message revising his estimates. He thinks that for the pres. ent fiscal year the state will need $424.905, and for the next fiscal year $441,105. In these estimates are not included what may be needed for new offices created during the present session, or other items depend ing upon legislation; nor the necessary ex: enses of the legislature, the World's fair appropriation, and the contemplated enlargement of the penitentiary. The figures were intended to be a guide to the legislature in making appropriations. The senate did nothing yesterday beyond routine business, save In the passage of the bill extending the term of; existence of cor porations. In the joint assembly there was no relative change in the vote. THE SENATE. Passage of the Bill Extending the Term of Existence of Corporations. The senate yesterday did not do much work. Gibson's bill extending the term of existence of corporations to fifty years was passed by a unanimous vote, and that was the most important thlin done. Swift gave notice of a bill to create the twelfth judicial district and also of one for the lo canton of the state reform school. A com- i mrunieation from the Pan-American Bi Metallic association requesting the gov ernor to appoint twenty delegates to attend the sesslion of the Bi-Metallic league at Washintton, Feb. 22, and asking the legis lature to appropriate $100 for the expense of each of the delegates. The communioa. tiol was referred to a committee. THOE HOUSE. Three Sessions Ield and Lots of Hasiness l'rausscted. The house held three sessions yesterday, morning, afternoon and night. The morn Ing session was necessarily short, as it did not begin until 11:30 o'clock. Most of the day's business was trans toted at the after noon session, when Go,. Riokards returned to the house with his veto the bill preescrib ing the duties end compensation of the offices and employes of each house of the legiRlative assembly. He says: "-'ection 7 of the bill provides that the speaker and the speaker pro-tem of the house, and the presiuent pro-tem of the senate shall each be paid ten dollars per day in lieu of his per diem as a member of the l-gislative as sembly, Ihis poviiron seems to be a clear violation of the constitutional restrictson found in the last clause of seseion five, ar tiole five of the constitution of this lstte, which sayr that no lerislatvre assembly shall fix its own com, ensation. Hectonu eight, 'rticle five, of the constitation, ap p:iee with even more directness to this questionu in the followiug language: 'No memnber of either hbse shall, during the term for which he shall have bern elected, receive any increase in salary or mileage under any law passed do inu such term.' lection twenty-nine, article five of the con stitution, says: 'No bill shall be passed giving any extra compensation to any public ofaicer, servaint or employs, agent or con tractor, after services shall have been ren dered and contract made.' This rrovisionr lies egaiest such portions of the bill as pro vide extra compensation for serv:Oe al ready rendered. It therufo a becom,:s my duty to withhold my approval of tins bilt on constitutional gronuds. I recognize much merit in the ends sought to be at tained by the paessee of this bill, and offer so objections to its equitable measures, Highest of all in Leavening Power... Latest U. S. Gov't Report, . Powder ABSOWTELY PURB No doubt, rithin the wisdom of the lis-= lative assembly, means can be devised which will not conflict with the constitau tion, through which its more desirable fea -ures may be retained and all I arties in in terest be treated with the consideration justly their due." Gov. Rickards notified the house that he bad approved the bills ereating the coun ties of Flathead and Valley, and the mem bers representing those sections were kept bus receiving congratulations. 'I e house bill regulating the hours of labor of engineers in mines was taken up In committee of the whole. It makes the hours of labor eight a day in mines where engines are kepot going for twenty houas or nore a day, or eontinuously. Lockey wanted the regulation made uniform, so that it would atply to all classes of mining labor. Matthews sadid the bill applied to about two hundred engineers in the state. Engineers to whom the lives of so many sen were entrusted should not be com lolled to work more than eight hours. When a man worked twelve or thil teen hours at an engine he became sleepy, and put the live4 of others in donger. Lookey said he didn't understand that this bill only a: plied to engineers working under ground. He would like to make it uni form. Annear said the engineers ove in Butte had told him the bill was only a step tows d the reduction of wages. Sweet said that as a representative of the labor unions of Butte, he could annuonce that tho en gineers wanted the bill passed. They had disoussed among themselves the question ,f the possible reduction of pay, and were prepared for it. Benson presented a peti. tion from all the engineers in Nethart, ask tug for the bill. He said that as the bill only applied to engineers wo king twenty hours a any or more, he thought it should pass. 'l he committee of the whole recom mended to the house that the bill pass. The committee on pubolic institutions re ported favorably on the publio building bills referred to them. All the bills were recommended for passage. They are the senate bills locating the university at Mis oulia, the school of mines at Butte, the agricultural college at Bozeman and the soldiers' home at Glendive; and house bills for a normal school at Dillon and the penitentiary at Billings. There were ser r'll amendments to the penitentiary bill. One of them was to make the location within three instead of two miles of Bill ings, and the other making the site consist o. forty acres, instead of from twenty to thirty. The longest and most important amendment is an addition to the section regulating the giving out of the contract or the building, and is as follows: "Pro vided, however, that snuch contract shall not be let, nor shall the coastruotion of the aforesaid state prison, or of the exterior wall about the same, be commenced until the said board of state prison commission ers shall have received a warranty deed conveying to the state of Montana, free of all cost to said state, a good and sufficient title to the aforesaid land, both agricl - -ural and stone, selected by the said hoard. And provided, further, that sunoh contract shall not be let, nor such con struetion be commenced until the said board shall also have received a bond in oach form and amount in such sureties as said board may direct, to the effect that the said sureties will pay, or eause to be paid to the state of Montana, upon the demand of said board, any and all sums of money act ally paid out, or to be paid out, by the proper officers of said state in transporting to the said city of Billings material or fix to es now used, or being used in or about the present penitentiary, at or near the city of Deer Lodge, in toe county of Deer Lodge and state of Montana, and said bond shall further obligate said sureties to pay to the state of Montana, upon the demand of said board, the entire sum of money in excess of the sum of $2,000, actually paid out, or to be paid out by the proper officers of said state, in transporting from the said city of Deer Lodge to the said city of Billings, any or all convicts wh.oh may, at or before the com pletion of said penitentiary at Billings, or within six months there'after be confined in the present penitentiary at Deer Lodge." The committee on irrigation reported un favo ably on house bill taking from county commissioners the right to fix charges for lhe use of water for farming and mining. A. F, Bray introduced a bill regarding bhe deposit of state and county funds in he banks. It requires the state treasurer and the county treasurers to deposit the itate's and counties' monies in such state or rational banks as are willing to pay not Les than six per cent per annum on the tmounts on deposit. Any bank san apply io have the monies deposited with it, and must give bond, approved by the state board of examiners, for the safe keeping of be funds. 'lhe making of any personal profit, directly or indirectly, by any treas rer, on account of the deposit of public funds, is made a felony, punishable by im prisonment for not over two years, or not over $5,000. Neglect or failure to take all necessary precautions to protect the public funds is punishable by not over $5,000 fine. A. B. Bray introduced another bill propos in ean amendment to article five of the constitution, referring to the legislative deplartment. It Irovides that the right to approve laws affecting the state shall rest with the majority of the voters of the state; the right to approve laws affecting any political division of the state shall rest with the majority of the voters in that sub division. 'his in to be known as the re ferendum. The right to propose laws for the legislature to sot on shall rest with any propo tlon of the voters of the state, from five to 25 per cent, as may be determined on; the right to propose laws for the bene lit of a poitical sub-eivison shall rest with whnterer percentage of the voters from that sub-division nmay be decided on. 'I his is to be known as the initiative in legisla tion. Lockey int oduced a bill prohibiting the sale of liquors within three miles of any university or school of learning, under pen alty of from $20 to $50 fine or thirty days im, rionment for the first offens., and from $510 to $100 fine or thirty to sixty days imr risonment for the second offense. It is not to apply to saloons already in opera tion in anry Incorporated town or villare. M.tzel introduced a bill punishing by from $25 to $100 flue or not or r three monthle Implrisiormnt, the drtving of live lstock from their couatoma-y anars; and one ,lul hiring by f'om $50 to $X0 fine fallore to properly brand stockl d, ien into or through the etate. Notices of bills were eiven as follows: Ily committee on publio lands, emending law ielating to leasin: of chobl lands; by com Niittee on corporations, amending law re lating to foreign corporations doing besl ness In this state; by Benson. to establish a state reform soiool at White : nlphur kip Ings; by Tallant, segulating the com tens t on of county and diet let uflicers; by Lockhart, to estallibs a school for the dear and dumb an a blind. 'Ihe following bonue bIlle were passed: To pay W. M. llackiord $383 an i Stephen Carpenter $1.2(.J for se.rvces to code com Smi.aio:; to ,y W. J. Kennedy f ir serv.oes as clerk of the suo emo court; also senate bill allowing school ,lst8 icts to isoua bonle to the amouts of three per cent of the as ses-ed value of property, but not to exceed $231,1000. hero were no negatives votes on anU) ol the bile. 'lhe night cession was mostly devoted to work in committee of the whole, wbere favorable repo ti were ordered on hones bills to pay W. J. Penrose and C. F. Mussig brod for services as members of the state board of arbitration; i xempting p operty of widows and orrplans from taxation to the amount of $1,000; and providing for the Ia pointtuent UL district jaugee of thre taxpayers to act sa a boa d of ait: raiers in counties, and debars ing county olticers from acting lo that oseacity. Locke, the e.thor of the latter bill, when asked to -x Slain it, said that in some counties the 'is sesso 5 were incompetent, and in other; they have friends to ,eward and enemies to punish. Under the present law the chair man of the counaty commissioners was also a member of the board of epprelurs. When as a county com missioner be came to pass on his work as appraiser, he was not likely to want to make any change. 'I he additionual cos under the new law would be very little, and be was satisfied there would be a better and more equable assessment of values. oe marks in favor of the bill were made by A. F. Bray, Goodell, Rose, Monteath and alfft man. It was changed so as to allow the boa d to sit twelve days. instead of being limited to eight, in counties where the val uation of propesty exceeds ten millions. Is was the general sentiment that the board should be allowed all the time necessary, as some counties were said to be in need of entirely new assessments. A. F. Bray, Mu t-hy and Losses were ap pointed to cot with a similar committee from the senate to select a proper design for a state seal. THE JOINT ASSEiMBLT. It Passes Of Once More Without Incident of Note. There were again nine pairs recorded in the joint assembly for United Statetsena tor yesterday. Beyond that there was nothing of interest in the voting, except that all the Dixon men were there this time. The senate voted as follows: For Clark-Cardwell, McDermott and tseele-S. For Sanders-Brown, Folsom, Goddard and )if t-4. For"Uixon-Eggleston, GiLson and Matte -8. Paired-Bufo-d, OCllen and Hoffman, with Baylies, Hatch and Power-6. The members of the house present voted as follows: For Clark--Baob. Beecher. Butler. Fit. sohen, Kilgllon, Logue, Loring, McDonel, Murphy, Sappington, 'lieruey, Truman and Wahle-13. For Sandes:-Ansear, Babcock, Benson, i. H. B y, Carpent. r, Coder, Fleming. Goodell, Huffman, Jeffers, Lewis, Lockey, Lose*, McKay, Metzol, Monteath, Bose, Lwett, Tallant and Winter-20. Fo Dixon-Bonner. A. F. Bray, Burke, Fitzgelaid, Gorman, Smalley, Ward, Wakup and Matthewse9. Paired-Ash, Dudley, Lockhart, Martin, Soharnikow and Wilson, with Burell, Burns, Graves, Lawrence, Leech and Van Cleve-12. Joint ballot-Clark 16, Sanders 24, Dixon 12. THE STATE'S FINANCES, Message fronm the Governor (/lving Some Revised IEsttmates. Gov. Iitokards sent to the two branches of the legislature yesterday a messaue con talning a more speooifo statement of the financial acquirements of the state, based on careful estimates of the expenditures of the various departments for the fiscal year ending Nov. 30, 1893,. and Nov. 30, 1894. In it, he says, is not included the salaries of new officers that may be created, nor the necessary expenses of the legislative ses sion, the World's fair appropriation, the enlargement of the penitentiary, and other items depending upon legislation that Ray be enacted. The estimates of needed re quirements are given as follows: 1893. 1894. Governor's offiee.............$ 8,000 5 8.000 National guard............. 25.0)0 25.400 Mircellaneous................ 22,00 22,100 Cecretary of state......... 10,0001 6,80 Attorney-general .......... .5..09 5,650 btate treasurer ............ 6,050 0,0510 State auditor ................. 0.300 6,300 Law library.................. 2,910 2 110 Land commission........... 1 0,.0 16800 Late board examiners....... 1,11150 1,20 btate board pardons......... 2,150 2.150 Commiseion for insane...... 1 750 101.750 State board equalization..... 4.0 , 4.550 Prison commission.......... 10).2 0) 116,000 Ltatioery, for estate officers. ,00)J 2,010 Jn lici ry .................. 70.250 70,250 Clore supreme court......... ,75 3.375 Marshal supreme court...... 1,323 1.213 Veterinary surgeon........ 410 4,170 Hoi or inopector............. 7,325 7,25 Miuing iapec or............ 5,150 5,3t Supt. public instruction..... 51,450 5,450 historical society........... 1,650 1.650 bhelifse (trans. convicts).... 10.000 10.1000 Printing Mont. reports...... 4.50) 4,500 Total. .....................424,905 $441,105 The senate referred the message to the committee on finance and claims. The house directed it to be spread on the jour al and ordered 500 copies printed. In the miscellaneous item referred to by the gove ernor is included the care of the deaf and dumb and feeble minded, and the salary and expenses of the mineral land commis. sioner. 'rhe national guard estimates in. clude $15,000 for an encampment each year. Legislative Notes. There is some talk among legislators as to how the governor's objections to raising KNOWLEDGE " Brings comfort and improvement and tends to personal enjoyment when rightly used. The many, who live bet ter than others and enjoy life more, with less expenditure, by more promptly adapting the world's best products to the needs of physical being, will a),ae the value to health of the pure liquid laxative principles embraced in the remedy, Syrup of Figs. Its excellence is due to its preeen'lng in the form most acceptable and pleas ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly beneficial properties of a perfect lax. ative; effectually cleansing the system dispelling colds, headaches and fevers and permanently curing constipation. It has given satisfaction to millions and met with the approval of the medical profession because it acts on the Kid neys, Liver and Bowels without weaken ing them and it is perfectly free from every objectionable substance. Syrup of Figs is for sale by all drung gists in 50c and $1 bottles, but it is man nfactured by the California Fig tyrup Co. only, whose name is printed on every package, also the name, Syrup of Figs, and being well informed, you will not accept any substitute if offered. YOU .ION'T KNOW WHAT MEANS UNTIL J, 1 1 PERFECTION IN COCOA Iu H.AvE TRIED S-EST AND 0055 FARTHEST) Highly Digostibleand Nutritious. Made instantly with boiling water or milk. 1 + S7NDS BROS.' +*' AiNNA O4PEARJNG 5ALE Since the opening of our Grand Annual Clearing Sale we have daily offered mar velous values in all departments. During this month we will continue to offer relia ble and seasonable goods at figures that will prove more interesting to bargain seekers than any previous offerings. . FOUR-BUTTON KIB GLOVES . . 95 CENTS PER PAIR. These Gloves are real French Kid and are all perfect. They were our regular $2.oo quality. The assortment is still large. They will be closed out at above price. Special and extraordinary values still offered in Dress Patterns, Silks and Cloaks. Clearing Sale continued in all Departments. OUR STORE WILL CLOSE AT 6 P. M, SANDS BR8 SATURDAYS EXCEPTED. the pro-tea presiding offoers' salariel dur ing their term of office will effect the bill Increasing the pay of the governol'e private seo etary from $1,000 to $2,400. The con stitutional objections which the governor found in the way of increasing the per diem of President tro-tem Matte and Speaker pro-tem tIay, of tne house, sem to be in snrmountable. Whether they apply to raising the pay of state officers who have already entered upon their duties remains to be seen. A correspondent desires to know what has become of the memorial from the Methodist Episcopal church of Montana relating to the licensing of gambling. The memorial was presented in the senate, re ferred to the conmittee on public morale and on last Friday that committee reported it with the recommendation that it be in definitely postponed. This recommenda tion was eonou re iun. Hon. G. W. Stapleton, of Butte, arrived in Helena yesterday. It is understood that Mr. Stapleton is: Mr. Daly's choice for United States senator in cuss of M,. Dix on's retirement, and that Mr. Stapleton has come over with that understanding., Messrs. Bray and Matthews, it is under. stood, will vote for him to-day or to-mor row. The Sweet Grass county people have opened headquarters in the Power block. Murlin underwear and children's drosses just received at The Iee hive. Prices lower than Montana Lodge No. 1, I.. O. F. Meets every Tuesday. SA regular mcoting of Montana Lodge No. 1 will be held at Odd Followsa Temple. (Jackeon street entranoce) lhis oveniuy. Lisltiny members are cordially welcomwI . 1s. E. BIIONWSON, N. G. LEmIL KLUGE.. Secretary. Ivy Lodge No. 24, K. of P. Meets every Tuesday. A regular meetine of the above lodge will I. h,,ld this (Tuesdayi evening, at th.ir Castle Hall, A. I). U. W.hall, Parchen block. Merm bers of sister lodges are cordially invited to attend. L. I.I ARfIS,C.C. W. C. RIDDLE. K. of R. and I. U.S... P lic Samplin Co. P. O. Box 130. City Office Corner Grand and Jackson Streets, Helena. ASSAYERS And Ore Samp'ers. Ore sampled and sold to the highest bidder. We have in connection with our plant a complete assay offlce and chemical laboratory. Samples by Mail or Express will receive prompt attention. Liberal discount will be made on contract work. Guarantee Satisfaction. To Loan Money at 7'/o, 80°0, and 9010. Amount of Loan and Security determine the rate of interest. I am prepared to make loans promptly in amounts from $500 to $100,000 $100,000 Commercial and Short Time notes wanted. Also City, School, State and County Bonds and Warrants. No. 10 Edwards St., Helena, Mont. H. B. PALMER. Glarke, Gonrad & GurtiR HARDWARE Iron, Steel and Nails. HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS. WOOD AND COAL HEATING *• -STOM B S- In all Sizes and at Low Prices. 6Cooking Stoves AND Ranges TELEPHOPITE 90. 42 and 44 ' outh Main Street, J-lelena. THE GRE.A.T DISCOSZERY lkado by t olumln hat. pnac.l not of the mirl of many persons, but tho recenut dlscovry that we are .td|lill ....Tke Handsomest Line of Footwvear..., Eteor Hern it this eity is contantly In the minds of all. Our tihr.s arm tmh bint It lnay to, buy tile twet, ' hey look better. ftel better and wear loer thar h olher kinds. Ii ciil Kale of WiVntor Warm t oud. A mammoth etock to aeluot from at lowest prices. CLARKE & FRANK MONTANA SHOE CO.