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VL XXXiVNO,: HELENA, MONTANA, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 221893 PRICE FIVE CENTSnbt VOL XXXIV.-NO·. :95.l HELENA, MONTANA. MONDAY MORNING. MAY 22. 1893i, PRICE FIVE CENTS GANS & KLIN' . .i. To - DAY the Woman Aux iliary of the World's Press Con gress will convene in Chicago under brilliant auspices. The sessions will continue six days and the attendance will in clude all of the leading women journalists of this and other countries. An elaborate pro gramme has been.prepared by a committee, of which l'Mrs. An toinette Van Houten Wakeman is chairman. A hearty:welcome will be accorded.to all women journalists visiting the expo sition, Eastern manufacturer to day possesses the best facilities for-the production of high class articles. We study the' wants of our customers and seek to pro cure for them the best value for theleast expen diture. Chinese Are conceded to be good imitators, and are ranked as undesirable competitors. Howe.#jr,imitations at best are spurious counterfeits of more valuable originals. We aim to be original. Questior Yourself if it would not pay to purchase of us. Our assortment is large and complete. Our goods are new. Our styles are fashionable. Our prices are right. Our Tailor-Made Clothing is equal to ordinary mer chant tailoring and costs only half as much. We are sole agents for Dr. Jaeger's all-wool sanitary wear. We sell "Manhattan" Shirts and Knox Hats both articles being first quality and splendid value. GANS & I EIN THEY WENT UNDER FAST. When the Panicsin Australia Began It Soon Involved Many Banks. Fifteen of Them In Liquidation, Having l488,000,000 on Deposit. Many Vsietters t the Ualted States Left Penniless, With Worthless Drafts in Their Possession. SAN FROONCrco. 3lny 91.-The ex!ent of the financial panio in.Austr tin mny ir tin ferred when it is understood that fift'en banks representing deposits of 88,000,000 pounds-not dollars-are now in liquida tion, and the drafts not only of these banks, but also of other colonial banks have been refused negotiation by the banks of this oily. Althdhbgh fnanclal orises are not un common in the Australian colonies, the last grand smash of the banks axe oed in its magnitude and far-reaching eOleots al previous records. lineo the steamer Mosowat left Sydney no less than eleven banks of Australia have Rone into liquidation, adding their quota to the previous mammoth propertions of the finaneial wreck. The Australian banks now in lifquidation are as follower Bank of South Australia, Federal Bank of Australia, Australisn Joint Stock bank, English, Scottish aend Austra Ifan Chartered bank. London Chartered Bank of Australia, Standard Bank of Aus tralia, National Bank of Australasls, Co lonial Bank of Austraslasia. Commercial Bank of Australia, limited, Bank of Vic toria, limited, Commercial Banking Coqr pany of Sydney, Bank of North Queensland. City of Melbeourne bank, lobyal Bank of Queensland. They had a paid up capital of £9,681,688, and deposits of £88,504.222. All these banks are in liquidation, or, in plaine- English, are endeavoring to settle or adjust their debts. They form the greatest monument which the Australian colonies have ever erected to banking coom petition and generally bad financial man agement. All reminders of their previous eommereial disasters pale into insignifi eance beside it, The only saving clause in Australia's last flnanelal disaster is the fast that what are known as "(the great banks of the colonies" have, as far as reported, survived the finan cial cataclysm. They are: Capital & Uncalled - ISAiKS. : Resorve eserve. I porlte. Bank of Ais trli ....... £2,400.000 ........... 14,41866 Eank of New outh Wales.. 2,250,000 ........... ,0.0 Union rank of Australia .... ,00,000£1,00000 14,720488 Bank of Now Zealand ...... 95,000 6000000 7.868045 'The disastrous effeoots of the smash have already reached San Francisco. The steamer Monowai, which arrived here from the colonies, brought up 160 cabin and a large lot of steerage passengers. Many of these were bound for the World's fair at Chicago and intended to extend their trip to the homes of their youth in the British isles. A large number of these tourists wore supplied with drafts of colonial banks drawn on their correspondents in London. It has been the custom of travelers from Australia desiring ready money to dis count their drafts at the Baa Francisco banks. The blithe tourists having in mind the information that drafts on Aus tralian bnnks frequently brought a pre mium in this city, were more than eston imbshed when they were told on presenting their paper that it was not negotiable. Much of the paper was drawn by the eleven banks which had gone down in the crash since the sailing of the Monowai. The news of their collapse had been Bashed over the cables in advance of the atrival of the steamer. Many of the new arrivals found themselves without ready money sufficient to enable them to continue their journey of pleasure, and will be fsroed to return to Australia by the next steamer for the antipodes. Their intended trip to the World's fair ends in disappointment, and in some cases great discomfort and ineou venience. The local banks all refused to negotiate the paper drawn by other than the four banks of the colonies, which thus far have escaped the financial deluge. The local in stitutions came to an agr'ement last Satur day to negotiate the raper of the four big banks, and those holding it may discount their drafts at the Bank of British Colum bia, Anglo-California and British North America. Among the disappointed ones who will have to return to Australia without visit ing the White City are several ladies and children. Rioharu Jeece, the well known actuary of the Australian Mutual Provi dent Assurance company, could not get his draft cashed until he had secured the in dorsement of a friend in this oity. One well-to-do farmer left Queensland for a well-earned holiday, accompanied by his danuhtdr. After booking a return pae sage he seenfcd a draft payable in San Franciseo to enable him to go to Chicago and have a good time and resturn at leisure. Before he had time to draw his dollars the, Australian bank closed its doors, and he is now compelled to return after getting just a suffcient glimpse of the ecountry to make him wish to see more. Another ease is that of a young German who arrived with a few dollars only, rely ton on a bill of exehansge for £200. It is now necessary for him to go to work. He expects to find employment through the assistance of friends in Washington. A eitizen of the United State., who has been out to Australin for four or five years, is another anfortunate. He had money in two banks, and when one of them stopped payment he determined to turn homewa d. drew his money from the other institution and started for Bas Franoisco with a draft for $250 in his valise. In Sydney the bankers said: "Oh, any seent bank in the 8tates will cahab your bill of exohange for you." However, a good many decent banks handled the paper as a father does a bill en him from a spendthrift son. "We're a bit ekittish on Australian paper," amid one oMoial rolitely, "but your bank hae not gone Jet Try our friends over the way." Ultimately a bank was found whieh had telegraphed to London, and there is a poe lsbility of the reta.ned Amerioca faring better than his fellow peasengerm. A 8eotohman who arrived from Australia on the Monowat oarried 400 soverergns in a belt round his welat. He was thought a fool on board for doing so. He hae a gentle smile now at the expense of some of his shipmates. A wealthy lady and her son, who had been delaiag a vielt to Eunland for years in order that she might see the World's fair en route, arrived here oaly to Sad that the bank oontalnina her feads had failed. So dishe toened did sheke fl that sheke will return by the net steamer. A younI German baron, who it an oefer in the kaiser's army, bad a draft of the Engaieb, oettish and London Charter bank for £88. On Anding that he could not negotiate the paper ise accepted the aituetion philosopbleally, remarking that lasJt year he met with a similar experience at Hio.i, Japan, where he'was unable to negotiate a draft of the New Oriental bank for £180. Sines that time, however, he has bern solaced by the receipt of four shillings on the pound. A leading business man of California street, who has extensive connection with Australian houses. asumming up the slts* tion, saids "The deposits of $4p0,000,000 in the hands of the suipended Avetralian banks repre sents largely English and Scotuh money placed on term deposits of four. five and even years. Upon this the banks pay 8S to 43( per cent Interest a year. The anxiety of the colenial banks to pasce this money where it would earn the disired interest and thus prevent the principal being absorbed has cansed them to overstep the rales of sound commercial banking, which permit of loans for short perio.s only and then upon mercatile paper and other collaterali easily negotiable. They have loaned money on squatting pioverties, otherwise known as sheer, and cattle reaches, and city and suburban properties. 'T'he cormp ttion between these banks has b.en noceltnated by the feet that nn less thesa monneyc were instantly leaned the interest which must be paid in England would soon eat up the capital. But the wool itudstry aIm,1 th' increase in floeks and heads will briarn out the majority of these properties on which mlneoy was leaped tpea soeesfnulveeelt. The doposi. Ir th0 )er mplay reasonably expo et their lpams t liquidated il the coursa of itm"e. '.It will qUean, however, a very serious .iseto the stockholders in eash and all of those banks, for nay deficiency in the loans will have to be mrnade up f-om ,nid up cavital, reserve profits and unaonlled capi tal. "these viciessitudes in banking are of periodical ooourrence in the Australian col onie. Bat in this case it is feared that the liquidation will take up more time on so count of the excessive borrowing and bad finaneiering of the colonial government in London. It is hoped, however, that the four areat banks have so guarded their loans as to be prepared for the present financlal strain. "The colonies themselves are possessed of enormous wealth, and it is only a ques tion of time when business will resume its usual proper channels." EULALIE GOES TO CHURCH. It Was Early In the Morning and Her Arrival Was Unnoticed. WAsunwrTow, May 21.-Infants Enlalia spent her first Sunday in the United States in retirement at the hotel, excepting a brief walk, attendance upon church, and a ride in the afternoon. At 8:80. accompanied by her husband and lady-in-waiting. * she crossed the street from the hotel to La fayette park and took a short stroll. They proceeded to St. Matthew's Catholic chut ch and attended mass. Only the usual num ber of early church-goers were present. But few in the congregation recognazed the infants and party and their entranoe and exit created but little excitement. After services the party were driven to Washing ton monument, through the agricultural and Smithsonian grounds. During the early afternoon hours the in fanta received callers, among them enore tary of State Gresham, Sir Julian Paunce forte. British ambassador- Admiral Luce, Mr. Pak Chang Yang, Korean minister; and others in ofleial and social life. At five o'clock Seeretary Gresham drove the infanta and husband to the Soldiers' home. To-night the infants. Prince An toine, duke de Tamanes. marchioness of Ario Hermosa, and Commander Davis, dined with Senor Murnaga, Spanish min ister, at the legation. Mrs. Cleveland to-night sent a basket of white roses to the infanta's rooms. REBUKED 111 8 SUISTITUTE. Ungracious Conduct of a Presbyterian Preacher in Washington. WASHINGTON, May 21.-The absorbing topic in ohurch circles to-night was the sensational incident which ocourred this morning in the First Presbyterian church, the pastor of which is Rev. Dr. Bunderland. The church was crowded and President and Mrs. Cleveland were present. Rev. Dr. Werle Smith, pastor of the church at tended by Mrs. Cleveland in New York, who is a guest at the White house,was invited to preoach and took for his text, "Bear ye one another's burdens." The young preacher charmed his hearers by an eloquent plea for union in the church. At the conclusion Dr. Sonderland a'ose and said: "I am sure we all enjoyed Dr. Smith's sermon this morning, but there was an im. cortant omission. He neglected to state the cause of dissension and distraction in the Presbyterian church at this time, the reason why the church has failed to ac complieb what it ought to. I want here now to state the cause. That cause is Dr. Briggs. I would not be in that man's shoes to-day for all the world. Let us sing hymn No. 583." His remarks were delivered in a deliber ate and emphatic manner, rand in a load voice. Many of those present went for ward and congratulated Dr. Smith on his eloquent effort, but tho latter, who keenly felt the rebuke of the aged pastor, could say nothing. The Presbyterians Preached. WAsntrTro., May 21.-Commlssioners to the General Presbyterian assembly, aoeord uin to usual practice in connection with the annual meeting of that body, ocouiied most of the local pulpits to-day. ]esides the usual preachiug services, there was a mase meeting in the interest of the Young People's Societies of Christian Endeavor, at the First Presbyterian chureh. Cleveland and Civil hervice, Naw Yonx, May 21.-The Wo id this morning prints in double leaded type, from its Washington cor.espondent, the follow ing: "The president's civil service policy has not obhanged since it was announeed Saturday. May 18. Cleveland has no inten tion of lefusing to make appointments for political reasons. He will not make re movals for political reasons, unless offen. eive partisanship is charged and proved. He will make and countenance, however, a good many removals, and every vacaney thus made will be filled by a democrat. Cleveland has not yet eonsidered changes in the civil service rules. That may come later, but no such intespton as is attributed to Cleveland of puttnag all minor sproint ments under a eemmisslon nod establishing permanent tenure, Is entertained by him." Fight With liarglars. .urcioo, May 2L-Early this moringa two burglars attempted to force an n. trance into the residence of Pbhillip D. Ar meur. 'I hey were surprised by Officer Mo sGay, who attempted to arrest them. A desperate ight followed, but MeGary was unable to hold both men and they es osped. As they were elimblea a fence M.Gary fired, badly wouading one man. When the offleer tried to alimb the fence to capture the burglar his clothing eaught on a sharp iron picket and before be could set loose, the unwounded man aseited his companion to escar e. McGay was badly hurt by falling on the tence Itese nail. Ca.oaoo, May 2L--The Celts defeated Louisville with hands down to-day. Chi sago 14. Louisville 9. CIN('INsAT, May 21.-Halliday's attempt to eatch Glesson's fly in the ninth lost the same to Bt. Lo.ls. OtlneinatdI8, .it Loulsatl SURROUNDED BY FLAMES Workmen in a Lumber Camp Meet a Terrible Death in the Woods. Eight Take Refuge in a Well and There Perish Most Miser ably. ---.-----.* Others Who Tried to Ban the Gauntlet of lire Overcome by Flames and Smoke. LAzr Cirr, Mich., May 21,-Forest fire destroyed Louis iands' lumber camp near here yesterday afternoon. Out of a total crew of sixty, men, forty-nine escaped un injared. One, Edward Sullivan, is serf onsly burned and ten are dead. Of these, eight took refbge in a well and were ere mated there br timber and curbing falling on them and burning. Two tried to ran the gauntlet and were burned to a crisp. The dead are: Michael G. Pgean, Charles G. Taylor, James Hugh, Edward Roora hnob, married; Samuel Campbell, fore man; John Hill, Fred Sage-, Hans Jacobson, married; Frank Sngron and Mike Mnlho:land. Th! property lose consists of horses, hogs, carmp tools, et.., also eleven cars loaded with logs, owned by the Thayer Lumber com pany. Fuller particulars of the burning of the men at Bands' camp show that the men were assembled at dinner, and forest fires, whieh were burning all around, entirely out off all escape. Realizing their danger the men rushed oat of the building, but the smoke so blinded them that they became bewildered. They ran hither and thither, usable to ind means of esospe, and their horses. stampeded owing to the confusion. Elght tf the men jumped into a well to escape the flames and there died of suffoca tion. Their bodies were brought to the surface to-day. Others rushed to the woods, and some thus escaped, but the bodies of two were afterwards found burned to a crisp. One man reached Lake City terribly burned and there died in fearful agony. Eight teams of horses were cremated. I'he bodies of the burned were taken to Lake City, where they await burial. Most. of the unfortunates were strangers here, and the bodies will be shipped to friends where known. Fire In the timber near the camp of Blodgett, Cummer & Diggins is under con trol and no further danger is feared there. THE SAGINAW FIRL A Seese of Indescribable Excitement While It Was Rating. BAoIww,. Mieb., May 21.-The fire yes terday, as described in these dispatches lastnight, was of substantially correct The seen* was indescribable excitement. Peo ple became frenzied and removed their household effects from the devouring ele ment which rushed madly on its journey of destruction, burning everythina in its path. Strong hearts and willing bands rallied to the aid of those whose homes were in dan ger. Drays, delivery, wood, ice and coal wagons, buggies, handcarts, cabs and everything in the shape a vehicle was pressed into service to move household goods beyond the reach of the fire. Ve hioles were loaded with household goods and the horses on a frantic run, rushed in all direotions, and vacant lots were soon occupied. In many instances property, after being removed to supposed places of safety, was found by the fire and destroyed. The body of a man supposed to be John Clark, who perished, was identified this morning as Robert Turner, aged 89 years. Clark is still unaccounted for. There will be some destitution, but most of the losses were sustained by people in comfortable circumstances. The people of Saginaw will take care of the needy ones and no ap peal will be made for outside aid. Close estimates place the number of buildings destroyed at 275, and the total lose sustained at $900,000. The total in surance will reach about $600,000. Other Fires. PaovIDrooE, It., May 21.-Fire this evening burnod the Slater Mill and Power company's building. The losses, as far as ascertained, are Waterman Machine and Tool company, $75,000, partially insured; Diamond Machine company, $75,000, oar tially insured; American Tubing and Web binc com.easy, $25,000, fully insured; Rtev nolds Manufacturing Jewelry company, $20,000. fully insured. The losses of the Rhode Island Electric combany an I other smaller concerns aggregate about $50,000. Hovoirroi, Mich., May 21.-A terrible brush tire raged lil day in Ballman's branch and Dollar bay. Four houses and seven oars of the Hancock & Calumet rail road were destroyed. Thirty families had to bury their household goods in the ground. Women and children were foro d to fight their way over two miles to Dollar bay. through suffocating hens and smoke. I.u.rtro, N. Y., May 2L--A cottage coou pied by John Downoy, wife end live chil dren barned to the giouud this morning. Three child on. John, aged seven. Annie, aged ail, and Frank, aged four, perished in the flames. Filed an Answer. SEATTLE. Wash. May 21.-The answer of the Northern Pacifio Railhod company, the Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern Railway company, and of the trustees of the latter company, to the complaint of Thomas Earle and Angus Mackintosh, asking for an injunction against the execution of a traffic contract between the two railroad com panies, and for the appointment of a re ceiver for the Lake Shore road, was filed in the United States circuit court to-day. It denies all material allegations in the conm plaint, claims that the Lake Shore had made large earninus, eutllcintto have made a profit after paying all charges, and de nied, as it is alleged, that the road has never earned a dividend, and that it could not have been operated so as to have done so. The hearnlg was postpoaed until May 81. !The Dtig Dankard Gathering. Mueora, Ind., May 22.-T-rhree thousand I)nksrds arrived on the train to-day, which icreasesd the crowd to 14,000. To day they held the irst grand meeting in the morning. Enoch Eby, a noted l)nnkard from Kansas, addressed a crowd of aboult 16,000. This afterason D. . Miller, of MonntMorrls, Ill., editor of the Gospel Messenger, made his famous lecture on Egypt to an udience of 11000 Dunkards and citizens. To-day a gan of plckpockets accom plished oowork. Several people were re leved well.Ailed pocketbooks, watches and diamonds, idtters eold Ollee. CroeeO, Ill., May 21.-Walter Williams, ef Coltmbia, Me., was eleoted president of the National Editorial association yester day. J. 1, Eddy, of Oregon, was eleeped frat vice pre.ldent. GOY. NELSON, OF MINNIEOTA. The Woetern Executvll Who Is After t.e Coal Combine. Gov. Knote Nelson, who has Issued a call for a great anti-coal combine in Chicago on June 5 and 6, is a Norwegian, as his name indieates, and was born in 1843. Hle served in the war, became a lawyer and waseleated three times to congress. Gov. Nelson addressed a letter to the goy ".., ernors of twenty-four states, in which he "We have the honor to submit to you a copy of a joint resolution of the legislatue of the state of Minnesota in reference to a proposed interstate conferenee touching widespread evils resulting from the ounlaw ful combination or combinations whereby the owners of the coal lands, act ing in conjunction with certain rail road corporations, have put up the crice of coal, precluding competition, thus monopolizing the markets and infliating great injuries upon the consumers of this article, either for domestic or mann facturing purposes. These evils have reached snch proportions that no one state is able to suecessfully grapple with them, and the state of Minnesota, and I may say its whole people, are earnestly in favor of snobh a meeting of delegates at some sentral and convenient point to consider the whole subject and suggest remedial measures to the legislatures of the respective states and to the congress of the United States. "I would, therefore, respectfully urge the matter upon your attention, and earnestly request that you will, as soon as convenient, designate ten commissionsre from and on behalf of your state, to meet with the ten commissioners from Minnesota, on the first Monday of June next, at such place as may be mutually satisfactory to the governors of the different states. "There can be no doubt that if a confer ence of 450 delegates assembled' for the purpose herein proposed, representing all the states of the union, its deliberations and conclusions will attract the attention of the whole world, and it will do a great deal to break down the gigantic coal com bination which is now bringing Iguferina to a million firesides in our land; besides arousing a concerted public sentiment upon all other trusts and rings which oppress the teople." Favorable responses have been received from more than half the governors of the United States, including Gov. Pattison, of Pennsylvania. They have signified their intention of appointing delegates to attend the confesenoe. It isthe wish of a majority of the governo:r that the conference be held in Chicago. A CANADIAN BLUE BOOK. Dealing With the Commerolat Relations of That Country. OTTAWA, Ont., May 21.-' Commercial Relations of Canada," is the title of a blue book issued yesterday by the financial de partment. It admits that the McKialey tariff caused a large decrease in Canadian exports to the United States. In respect to reciprocity, the finance minister says: "Since the abrogation, in 1866, by the United States of the reciprocity treaty, Canada, time and again has made advances for resumption of the old or the inaugura tion of new relations upon some fair and equitable basis. Results of Washington conferences so far as the trade question is concerned, may be briefly stated thus: 'That any agreement for the interchange of natural and mnnufactu ed goods must be based upon preferential treatment in favor of the United htates and upon a uniform tariff for that country and Canada na against the rest of the world.' "As this involved discrimination against Great Britain and practical control by the United States, the Canadian commissioners declined to accept these conditions. How far the recent change of administration in the United States will affect Canadian in terests remains to be seen." A Port Blockaded. P'ANAMA, May 21.-The government of Nicaragua notified the Pacific Mail Steam ship company that their vessels masn not stop at San Juan while that art ii in tihe hands of the revolutionists, but may landi passenlgers, mail and freight at Corinto. No movements of importance are being at tempted by revolutionists, as they are waiting for more arms and ammunition. Due to the Pope's Counsel. PAntS. May 21.-Premier Dupny, at a banquet in Toulouse this evening, made a long speech concerning the government programme and the political situation in France. Dupny admitted that the growth of republican sentiment in Francs was no celerated by the counsel given by the pope to French Catholics. In the streets Ml. l])upy was received with exerntlonal en thusiasm. A few shouts of "Vive Itsadin" we-a heard, but otherwise no att' mpt at a political demonstration was made. A Mllonuent l'ovelred. BIvua IPE'rui, May 21.-' he Ilonved mon ument was unvealed to-day in the presence of an enormous crowd of people, enthusi astic but perfectly orderly. The emperor was received with cheers whenever he ap peared. After the ceremony closed with cheers for him, several students sang Koasnth's hymn and were applauded until they sang again. Canadian Raillway Project. MOnTa.tL. May 21.-Preliminary steps have been taken for the organization of the proposed new Atlantic & Lake Superior railway. The capital will be $10,000,000. The project is a moust important onur, as the promotes expect to enter in elose competi tion with ths Canadian tranasontinental truffle. The I)iana Prise. PARnS, May 21.-The prix de DIana was run at the Chantilly course to-day. There were twenty-one starturs. The race was won by Praline, Sylpine second. Lanterne third, Maggue fourth. The race was for three-year-old illies; purse, £Z763. The distance was ten and one-half furlongs. Injured in a Mise. Special to The Independent. Blirra, May 21.-Isaac N. Waldrlp was injured in the Virginia mine this afternoon by falling from a scaffoldlng. His left shoulder was broken. WOMEN IN THE PULPIT, Eighteen Ordained Female Ministers Had Seats on the Platform Sunday, They Conducted the Entire Bor. vice, the Rev. Anna Shaw Preaohing. Religiaon Meetings of the Auxiliary Cos ress in More Iavor TI'han Others -On Sunday Opening. CrrrcAno, May 21.- Eighteen ordnined women rainisters Bat on the speakers' plat form at a religions service held this morn ing by the world's congress of representa tive women. The women who took active part in the services were Iters. Mrs. Tapper Wilkes, of St. Paul; Mrs. Mary Hafford, of Bioux City, Is.; Mrs. Florence Iollock, of Pasadena. Cal., and May Wright BewaiL RIer. Jeanneta Olmstead invoked divine blessing and Rev. Emily Gordon recited the hymn' "Rise Up, ieno Up, O Woman." (oer. Florence Kollock offered prayer and drlivered a short nddrr-"r. The sermon .ar del,verrd by l-iv. Aunur. ShiLnv. Other female divines prirt:cipatnd in the services. Attendance at the various meetings of the Women's congress was very large this afternoon. The greatest interest was in the religious meeting. at which Mrs. E. B. Grannis, president of the Social Parity league, presided, and delivered a short ad dress, as did also a number of other speak ers. The labor experience meeting did not have a large attendance, but the speeches were very interesting. Among the speakers was Clara Foltz, of San Francisco. At to-day's meeting of the trades and labor assembly Sunday opeing of the World's fair was disenased. President John Linehan declared that many working. men subscribed for World's fair stock on the representation that the grounds would be open on Sunday. Linehan declared that these men had as much right to have their wishes consulted as anybody else. He declared himEelf in favor of giving the authorities a certain time in which to open the fair, and if workingmen are still denied admission they should march to the arounds and take their rights by force. The assembly decided to hold a mass meet ing shortly and discuss the subject pab licly. LAUDED THE CHINESE. Have Given More Varied Benefits TLhe Any Other Natlon. Naw Yout, May 2.-BRev. Edward F. Payson preaebhed at the old Canal street Presbyterian church this morning on the Chinese exclusion law. He branded the law as unjust and 'ancristisn. He began his sermon by reviewing briefly the history of the Chinese empire and its contributions to the world. "I do not hesitate to say,' he said. 'that it has given more varied benefits to the world than any other nation of the earth. The Chinese have proved themselves to be strong intelleetnally and commercially, as showe by what they so eomplished in the ten years following the war which resulted in the breaking down of the Chinese wall of exclusion and the admission of Christian missionaries. "We eombine:l with European nations to break down the Chinese wall, and now with charming consistency we build a wall against the Chinese. The inherent and inalienable right of men to change their homes and allegiance is recognized in our famous Burlingame treaty with Chinsa made in 188. Well do I remember the joy with which the news of the signing of this treaty was received. By the terms of this treaty the United States induced Chinese to come to our shores and in later years, when the hoodlums in San Francisco pro tested against Chinese immigration, this government, in a esond treaty, asserted that while it could and would regulate Chinese immigration, it would never prohibit it. "Thus have we, a Christian nation, broken faith with the Chinese, whom we, in our righteousness. designate as a nation of ipaans. But even if we had a right to ex r.ude and deport Chinese, we haven't the power. No act of congress can keep them out. The principles of christianity say we must weloome all strangers within our gates, to our schools and churches, and teach them the lessons taught to us by Christ." NO VOTE, YOU KNOW. A Preacher Says Tihat is Why the Chinese uest Go. '"EW YotR, May 21.-The Chinese ques tion was discussed by Rev. Madison O. Peters this morning at Bloomingdale Re formed church. Dr. Petere said: "Whoe we needed cheap labor to develop our Sonn try we begged the Uhinese. to come. In 1844 our government began to coax thet to come. Our treatment of them has been a long scone of prejudice, brickbats, taxation and rubbery. The Chinese are no worse than the same number of the same class of any other nationality in our midst. I be rveak for the Chinese Ameriean lair play. 'There is no rearson why the discretionary power of the authorities should not be used to extend temporarily the period of regis tration. "Every minister who makes the most elo queut pleas for the Chiunse in China will, without protest, allow the Chinese in Amer ica to become victims of political cruelty. I tbhe Chinaman hiada vote our demagogues iii congrress would profess great love for the tChllliau and thor would go aroundt on election day with an opinum pipe sticking from their pockets." ANNUAL CONVENTION. Meeting of the State Sunday School Asso. elation at Deer Lodge. The fourth annual convention of the Montana state Sunday School association will be hold in the Presbyterian churoh at Deer Lodge. June 6, 7 and 8, 18113, and every effort is being made to seoure a pleas ant and profitable gathering. A carefally arranged programme is being prepred. aund the beat possible speakers will be seoaured. Each school in the state to entitld to two delegates from tile coanty assoelation. Entertainment will be provided by the citizens of Deer Ludge. This is the only strictly inter-denominltional gathering held in the state. Peter Koch, chairman of the executive committee, wants every school to be represented and the delegates prepated to take part tn the discussions. Chinanten Shipped Ia Iloud. hAtrnac LAal, N. Y., May SL-Recently Chinamen have been seat over from Pree cott, in Canada, to Ogdenbalrg and shipped to New York Citr. through the state~ ia bond. like merckaadles. To-day another party passed over the Adirondack & St. Lawrence railroad, destined for Cuba. They numbered 103, all from Hlon Kong, and all Chinese mershants and traders. Bonds for the party amounted to $20,400 of $200 spiece.