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#ior FtroMI St. Louis Who Be. a"ii the Experiment Eight 'a:re Ago, It Bas Worked Buooeaefully and Now It Will Be Carried Farther. aedueatlng a Boy and Teaching lnm a Trade at the Same Time-The Idea at Leelaire. N. O. Nelson, of St. Louis, who has been a visitor in Helena for a couple of days. bhaee probably given the profit-sharing sys tem a more thorough trial than any one else In the country, and as a resdlt he declares it to bea seauses, both as regards employe and employer. Mr. Nelson is the head of the firm of N. O. Nelson & Co., of St. Louis, manufaetureet of plumbers' and steam fitting supplies. The firm operates five factories, three in St. Louis and two out side of that city, employing altogether about 500 men the year round. Eight years ago he inaugurated the profit-sharing sys temin his business. The subject had been carefully considered and thought out in all its bearings, so that when the system was put into operation the minutest details had been considered. In many eases where the system is in vogue the manager has diseretionary power in the minor details of the plan; in the system as practiced by the Nelson companry, the manager, while he has full power in regard to the conduct of the business, cannot, without the consent of all, make the slightest change in the system. The profits are shared in by every employe, from the appren tice, who receives a small stipend eaoh week to the emplore receiving $5.000 per annum. It not only includes the men in the factories, but the salesmen in the house and the men on the road. nince the first year the dividend paid each year has averaged eight per cent on the salaries earned. That is, the man in the factory who has received during the twelve months 1 $750 in wages, gete in addition $60 in divi- I dends, while the ,$5,000 man receives as a dividend $400. Findlng the system worked i well, that every one took a personal interest In the business, the next move was to re dues a day's work from ten to nine hours, while the rate per day remained the same. This has continued for quite a while now, and Mr. Nelson said yesterday that he knew the employee were doing just as much work now in nine hours as they did under the old system in ten. "Of cours-," he said, "'it is not to be supposed that men never quit our employ; in sunoch a large number there are sure to be some who believe that variety is the spice of life, and these leave our em~aloy just the same as they would any other establishment. But the large ma jority keep right along, and we all have a special interest in the suooess of the busi nues." Finding the profit-sharing system worked so snocessfullt, Nelson e& Co. determined to go a step farther. About three years ago e tract of land, of several hundred acres, was purchased about eighteen miles from St. Louts. The locatten selected was a sightly one, elevated above the surrounding coun try, and an ideal place to carry out the ideas that co.itrolled in itspurbhase. Here the company established a new factory, and laid out a townsite. fome of those inter esied desired to call the town Nelsonville, after the originator of the project, but he objected, os it was a plan he desired to per petuate, and not a name. so the viace was christened Leolaite. It is now a place of several hundred people, and all, or nearly all, dwell under their own vine and fig tree. Each lot contains about a third of an sore. the yards being intended for flowers and trees. The company has 125 sores which the people of the town can use without charge on which to grow vegetables for their own use if they so desire. There las a billiard, reading and lecture room, all free, save a nominal fee in the billiad room, to keep it going. During the winter there is a regular lecture co0ase, among the lecturers the past season being Edward Ev erett Hale. Water isfarnished free, aswell as electric lights for street purposes, while incandescent lights for residences cost 25 cents a month a light. Those who have homes pay for them on the installment plan, at the rate of from $5 to $20 per month, the loans being carried at a low rate of interest. In addition there is a free kindergarten and a public school. The plans outlined when Leclaire was started have worked sowell that Mr. Nelson is now going a step farther and willseeif an other idea he has will work out succesesfully. Next year he is going to add to the kinder garten a domestic training school for girls and a manual training school for bore. These will be free, and the girls will be taught to sew, to cook, and all the other de tails of housekeeping. The manual train ing school will differ from others in that while in it will be taught the usual things in which instruction is given in such an in etitution, those boys who so desire will be taught a trade completely and practically, and then given a position at full wages when they have completed their time. Mr. Nelson's plan in the latter re gard is this: When a sehool boy at Laclaice, who daeires to learn the trade taught in thu Nelson faoctory, reaches the age of 12 he will be required to work an hour a day in the frctory; this hour will gradually be lengthened until, from the 17th to the 18th tenr tLe boy will send onair a day in scnool ana tie otier nair in o the factory. When he is eighteen he will tl have oomi'leted a common school educa- a tion, and also be master of a trade. And better still, he will t;e gien tmriloyment In the factory at full wages. Duriug the time he is lea:ning his , ade he winl be paid pro portlonately with the apprentices who work full nine hours. In exprainiug his reasons for introducing this system, Mr. Nelsonu said he had in the course of his life ruu across thousands of men, younu and old, who were what he termed "odd-jobbers;" people who had no regular o.ocupation and woo were willing to do anything they could find, but not expert in anything. "ihese people," he arid, "come fromn that elass, as a rule. who go to school until they are 18 o: 19 yea's of age, and are then compelle I to work. 'I hey are almost too old to start in to learn a trade, and the: mout find something that will pay them on theetart ;$6 or $ a week anyhorrw. Many of i th m go irom siall towns to large ontef, into the empl,,y of street car compranies, w, rk around stablee, or take up any of the tho~usand and one odd jobs that are to be found in a bin city. And with few esrep tions they continue to be "odd jobbers" all I their lives. I want the Le laire boys to, feel I when they reach the nue of 18 that they know something worth money to them and that they know it well. and in addition ttrey will have a good, fair education-each a one that any young man eon use for a founda tion to build upon if heso desires. 'There is no compulslon. or hint of it, at Leclaire. Every one is free to do as he pleases, so long as he does not interfere with his neigh- I buore, and no boy will be eapected to go into the factory unless he no desires. .ut If he does, and stays the allotted time, we will guarantee him work at full wages when the period expiree." The capstone of his enterprise Mr. Nel son says he will put onr later, when he has all the factories of the coml any consoli dated at Leealire, all under the control of the Leclaire Co-optrative company. That is the point to which he Is advancing aa the tocus of the work dune during the past ten yeers. Unlike most men who have a thought for those poorer than themselves, Mr. Nelson does not willingly talk about his profit sharing and other plans. He is counted among the wealthy men of St. Louts, is vice-president of a bank, and has several I times been elected to public office, but he does not forget that he carved out his own ..... . • . . ....~ ~~~~. .. .. -. L,.. Higlhest of all in Leavening Powesr,-' t U,.S. Govt 1 aw e t f f AWAXOMY fortune, and under very saverse erOeuw stanee,. He is as full of IItc nnd jollity as a man of 80, and a parson might travel with him a week, and never iuspoect that he was trying to work out, systematically, from day to day, and from year to year, a solatlen of one portion of the labor Iproblem in a way that will be to the advantage of employr and employer. This was Mr. Nelson's firet visit to Hel ena, though he has some aequalstanoe with business men here. He was very much surprised at the substantial eharacter of the buildinse, and after a p'etty thor ough inspection. summed up the result in these words: "I came to Helena expecting to find a mining camp; instead I see a handsome, well built city, where there is nothing lacking to make life congenial. In many thintgs you are ahead of eaate b cit les. because you have taken advantage of the bet and lastet. When a Montanlan makes his competence outside of Helena. I believe he can reside here contentedly and give his family every advantage. The club building and the high school, and the connty court hosne., are genuine surprises to me. No city buat a wealthf one could have such structures. I wish I could spend a week here to look more elosely into the resouares of the city and state." JOTTINGS ABOUT TOWN. The Hibernian ball at the auditorium last night was a great sucease, despite the inclemenoy of the weather. Trains are now running on the Neihart branch of the Great Northern, the damage by washouts having been repaired. Chas. Sutter, well known in certain Hel na ci eler, has been arrested at Butte on the charge of being a vagrant and confi dence man. Next week the Northern Pacific will put on Ito double daily train service between St. Paul and Portland. The time between Helena and St. Paul will be reduced to thirty-six hours. John W. Gorham, Myron A. Day and George A. Day have filed articles of incor poration of the Eagle Creek Mining com pany, with a capital stock of $200,000, its aheres of $1 each. Carter Barker, of Wisconsin, has bought the Oqlifornia gelding Homestake, 2:14%, by Gibraltar, that won several races for Monroe Salibaury in 1890 and 1891, at Hel ona and other places. Ehaeffer. the billiard champion. end W. A. Spinks, the expert formerly connected with I. Marks' place, will be in Helena June5 and 6 and will give exhibitions of their skill either at the opera house or at the auditorium. W. H. Raymond, proprietor of Belmont stock fa:m, has recently returned from Kentucky, where he has several good mares ,reeding to choice stalliones He says the trotting horse market has reached the bot tom and that prices are advancing. H. D. Brown, who did excellent work with the flag at Oakland last winter, will, according to the Breeder and Sportsman, do all the starting of running races on the Montana cirouis this season. He has de cided to sell off all his racing stock. John Monihan, who for the 'past seven years has been a resident or Helene. died at the home of his parents in Livingston May 20, after a severe attaek of rheumatism. The funeral took place yesterday from St. Marr's Catholic church. He leaves a wife and three yonea children and a large num bher of relatives and friends. At the graduating exercises, Thursday evening, Madame Medial will sing the diff. cult aria and rondo from "Qinderella," and will be aceompanied by violin, elarionet, cornet and piano; also the duet from "8emiramide" made famous by Patti and Scalohi, will have a pinee on the programme. Vollert's full oreijeatra will render selec tions. Tickets for the occasion are on sale at Pope & O'Connor's and at Parchen's drug store' the price of admission being 25 cents. PERSONAL. Col. Wm. J. Fuchs returned yesterday from a trip to Virginia City. | W. H. Clark went to Minneapolis yester day on business. He will return in about I ten days. I Sir William Brooks san party arrived in Helona yesterday from ,ralt Lake, and will leave soon for a trip through the Yellow stone park. R. S. Bishop, for Sioux City, Ia.; G. C. McKnight, for Chicago; Mrs. L. Mille, for Bay City. Mish.; Mrs. E. B. Bone, for Chi cago; E. B. Stone and Miss Emma Fritch, 4 for St. Paul, were among the Great North ern departures yesterday. J, W. Ludwick and W. H. Winning, for St- Paul; J. L. Coles, for New Yo k; Miss Edna C, Hedges, Jndge D. S. Wade and wife, Miss Cia-a L. Wade, for Chicago; Ed Glennan, Jennie Moore, for Cleveland, Ohio; E. Tuft, for St. Paul; E. M. Britt., for LoCtossr, Wis.; M. O. Lyle. for New York; I. S. Lyman, for Minneapolis, were among the depatteure via the Northern Pa ofio yester~ 7. For tlgapte of tihe Momatansa. TheHelent'a tpb -hd Transfer company will nUn 4. twenty passenger excursion wanon in connection with the steamer Iose of lHlona to the.Gate of the Mountains for the eumme . Fine livery rigs of every de acription always on hand. ,onlvso)r & FIcnHE, Prop's Telephone 121. Arrvain at tie (.raind Central. A .eharnke. St Louts J P Fchmit. Empire \V W \\ hit'-, I'enori set J 011 ason, Aurora. Ill A e.mn.u. Maryville (I A Matthew,. Marys P.oburt ,\ lIelu. Litter vile lout W K Tabb, Philadol Mr "I ahb, P'hiladelphia phia J r Ilnul. couth Ib.nd, it 1: flaise. San Fran 1nd cis(o Mr t' V llenAlde.Win- Miei I eynolde. Win stol.n ton T i. lrish, Bismarck J I 'laylor, Gregory (j le-ro. Cini inuati A A McDonald. I hi'. John Duffy. liver i inpurg J: A tarmer. oity L (C teblir, city lat '.1rt,Ilrl . i oulder LI Wrtc.,tt. - t I lies I I'I ritlltt, .eer Wim Wavohter. Union ledge town, IVii nI)ail iinelay, city 1) MN Alla, city vi i inktonr. litto John ii. Parks, i.rook !llrt Maoroe, city lyu Davdul leach, city tei, ilebel. Bioulder SSulon. Ieoulder. Arrivals at The Helena. Sir William Urooks, 'Lady 'rooka and maid. I'ani., ~ ! rtLof Glen tor.rr ol (til,. nals, Ii s. `cuOt ihanl "citland II'1 -alt"r. .iv York W A ,hlorwool, lButte 1 I; Iliuor., tlnta, A almubelth, oaty Ca tri It I a aylie'. I WE K'null-n. city aarysvi lo rl t (l i ychiag, Phil- 1 S lvcek, Dearlie ialnr'rrg W 1) Dcdld. (iranito Mr, l`V ,, Dodd. G(irau- G II lai, or. lMarm it, moth Bprings HIt arlltek. it i'aul A 11 roue, hlicsgo 'tMr, t 1", huley. lhi- V M V.ckry m'orton SJula Jnldte.nd, it1 aul W elilr, I'vrrorett, Mr. V Zeigier, Everett. Carl l'tter, Chicago J F helm., ('hicago B K tlareons. Salt Lake W IE Van Nea.. , hiCago tity ( W Whonle, city I I' alkins, city Famul t)lnerO . Chica o It A ireendlil, Ana- hler. J. Hcsley tilt., aord:e City I e (' V I andi., city Ii ttram, Great Falls ('hlar t I ttingi. It utle i aea 1 dwarda, Chiolago Ei 1' ieblig, St Paul I V I oattLy, an tran The Granndan. The only frst-slaes European hotel in t the city. 1 Has the best rooms, all modern convent a ences, with cafe in the building. Corner rI Sixth avenue and Warren street. J. J. I Rohrbauah, manager. Rapid transit' eleo a trio care pass the door. COMINIAG TTRTiACIP i A Oreut late of sets for the b Ie' *mst Saturday Uveatnu. The great interest in the eQla .Itet tainment of the flutte El', m, vws shown last evening at the tpeefiiplg the ticket ommittee.. The reports wed that the entire lower floor of the hbeete bad been sold. Two rows in the tbalcony on taning eighty-fvs seats have besn Iasesved at $1.80 sash. These oan bet had t. altly iug to A. J. S.ligman before Frida oon. after that at Pore & O'Connor', storn. Four boxes are offered for sloe,-the loewr ones at26 esoah and the uppers at $20 saeb. T.e gallery seats will be sold at 75 oeasts. The assurnes now is tht the hoese will be .paked from. eaid to end. and the few remasinng reerved seats in the balcony should be snapped up quaickly., All first floor tickets will be iuterebsnged"for eagiLoU pons on Friday and Saturday at Poos & O'Coanor's, commenoln at eseven o'olock on the first morning. The entertealment promises to be the greatest tver given by amaten. The company of forty members will a rive Saturday noon. and will inelude a braes band of fourteen pieces and a full oreheatre. A trand stret parade, in which local Elks will join, Will be given at four o'clook. The first part of the minstrel show Is said to be remarkably clever. 'l he Butte Inter-Mountain says that it was the finest olio of musical specialties ever seen in Butte; the Standard says Dwyer, Cun ningham. Warfleod and Lane astonished all and brought to mind the old Sah Fran oiteos in their palmiest days; the Miner says the beat plantation sketch ever seen in Butte was presented by this company of clever actors. 'he o ee Have has another week of bargains Fee their aunnounocmont on andoter peg'. tar gisJn in drues goodse, ,eklntotse, api, sanitse. boys' wear, eta. rises aye so low. that every one in need of goods mseet buy. Perfect Baby Health ought to mean glow ing health throughout childhood, // and robust health in the years to come. When we see in children tendencies to weakness, we know they are missing the life of food taken. This loss is overcome by Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver Oil, with Hypophos phites, a fat-food that builds up appetite and produces flesh at a rate that appears magical. Almost as palatable as milk. Prepared by seott & Bowne. N.Y. All dru.Rists. BABCOCK'S Mackintosh Coats. J i E A N *s II* z - 0 ar a o aI SEWED AND CEMENTED SEAMS. Every Garment Guaranteed. BABCOCK & CO. Anderson Bros. Go. DON'T FAIL TO SEE OUR COM PLETE LINE OF Mackintoslie ' Rain Coats. iNDERSON BROS. CO. CLOTHIERS. FURNJSHERS. HATTERS. Main Street, Foot of Broadway T · zte Weekwe·. iro] . - qoted In Ladstb a , tsp 3 _ 0ei s dren's Jackets and DrPs rite Read carefully every quotation. .r.e and 0 br i and $1.2 to Each item is a pronounced bar D. otted adspa . -,' : $gin and t$1W.85o $s gain. Crystal 3s2eUn.ke TA .3i e and seal. Reduced from $1.25 an8.3 to 8, er Yard. We continue for this week ___, our Gigantic Sacrifice Sal of C S Dress Patterns. Great Reduction Sale of The inducements we are now a ( , offering present opportunities LS and 11irens Garment not to be , neglected, by economi- A . do Resdu lt r $a.50o-adies' Cloth Capep. Six Gape Collar:Iblos, Black, Blue, treen At $5 Reduced .,-Ladies' Cloth parison with the best values to Capes. ouble ape Color, Blue oy. ,be had in any city of the Union At $.75 Reduced Frn$ dies' Broad. aicloth Capes. Triple Frill.; QCollaa. 'oors, Black, Blue and Tan. As an offset to the unprece- At $8.65 Reduced Frrom $12.5s0-Ladies' Broad. cloth Capes. Braided Cape Collar. Colors. Black, dented backwardness of the sea- Blue and Green. At $9.90 Reduced From $.5-.adaies' Worsted son, we have inaugurated Spe- and Broadcloth Capes Columbus and Fancy Cape Collars. Blue and reen., oial and Radical Reduction At $12 Redeoed From $i8-Ladies" Broadcloth Capes. Queen Anne Collar; Colozr., Blue and Black Sales. At $15 Reduced From $27-Ladies' Worsted. - Cape. Fancy Queen Anne Collar. Colors, Black, To close out rapidly our Tan and Changeable. oClose out rap or ohildren's Jackets, Sizes i to 12 years, at $1.25 stock of Spring Capes and Chil- reduced from $2. Children's Jackets, Sizes 4 to 12 years, at $1.95 dren's Jackets, and to stimulate Reo rom . Children's Jackets, Sizes 4 to 12 years; at $2.85 trade in other lines, we are now reduced from $t.50. Children's Jackets, Sizse,4 to 12 years, at $3.85 giving, at almost the season's reduce from 2. Children's Jackets, sizes 4 to 12 years, at $455 opening, values extraordinary in reuced rom $8.50 new and attractive Summer dne Lot Children's Outing Coats, Sizes I to 4 new and attractive Summer s, at $.25 redued rom r$2. G. Silks, Dress Goods, Ladies' ,ad. who intend visiting Chioago should not fail to examine the rare inducements we are offer Capes and Children's Jackets--- elsewhe bargains now given canotbe matched bargains not heretofore equalled in Montana. lSands Bros. Ming's Opera House. J. C. BMHINGTON, Manager, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 24. TO THE GENEBAL PUBLIC --Illustrated Lecture- Oratorical and Musical Untertalnmeat and Coneert, for the Aid and Benefit of Suferleg Haumanity. Lecture by the Orator and Managing Pbh Fician of the Llebtg World Iispensary from chicagr, under the auspices of their branch in Helena. bUriJECT-Marriage, its Soecesles and Fail ures; Mankind, their iucceesee and 8 ailures, and why. ,rand views 25 feet square, illuetration hetoraphed from life. Also, views of the World's ,air. birds-eye view of Chicago of to day and iO kears ago. Picture of Montana build ing at thi World's isir, California building. and many other grand views. I ortraits of beanu tiful women and celebrated men. h ecially in teresting to la.ih' as well s gentlemen In strumental music by Helena's lelading orchestra. The intertainment will b interspered i y vocal solos. Doors open at 7:. f:nutertainmeat at 8:15 Fharp. Admission 25 and 50 cents. Reservedseats and tickets on sale at Pope O'Cnnor's and ticket window of Opera House all day of 2a4th. Herbert Nicholson& Co. [LIMITED.] Are now thoroughly settled at their warehouse. oDpoBit3 No.thetrn Pacino Freiht Depot. aisd are better prepared than over to deliver promptll all kinds of Wood, Coal and Feed At lowest market rtes. Telephone 2. U. S. Public Sampling Company ASSAYERs. Corner Grand and Jackson Streets, Helena, Montana. "P. D. Q."' Corn Salve IS A GUARANTEED CURE. TRY ITI All Druggists. 25 Cents. H. f. SIIITIL 1. A. BLAON SMITH & BLACK, Contractors and Builders. Shop No I1 Jekeos Ut. Corner rrenkrlenrsd next to Ming's CV" Hoewe elrna, Meat. o contracting and Jobtbing beln e. AI orera premlptlu azcuete To Loan Money at 7"jo, 8"o1, and 9¶°. Amount of Loan and Security determine the sate of interest. t am prepared to make loans promptly in amounts from $500 to $100,000 $100,000 Commercial and Short Time notes wanted. Also City, Sohool. State and County Bonds and Warrants. No. 10 Edwards st., Helena, Mont H. B. PALMER. They Are 1a a Up in C. Z ap i, .,o T Let a give you theQ. have them fitted to you Is what everyone says of our $5 Shoe. And discover how happy you'll B. And once you wear this Shoe it will have a mortgage on your Foo that you will never raise. CLARKE & FRANK , ONTANA SHOE CO. Only a Few Gallons Left of GOTTAGE. PAINT Which we are closing out at $1. 25 Per Gallon. We GUARANTEE STRICTLY PURE. Call early if you want assortment of colors. H. M. PARCHEN & CO. PARCHEN'S CORNER. ARTHUR'P. CURTIN'h FURNITURE, CARPET, NEW MUSI/C HOU8E. wALL PAmaE AloD ia.rOS , 0' Orgaoe s HOUBS FUmllBln GIoGs HOUIL Orguifnettes, Guitars, Violins, Acordiom rm " tim a AND A UL LIN: OW ,o*; rte~N diN throuIgh th".- MUSICAL MERCHANDISE. & .tok gter than that d all bther S lUa a le so Is for Stlaw saay . s phIw.eat earla i aite faea POt. s. w'Oie wti I mele prompt .taatlom. 'Low uiMQ my taesm _-HELENA,. MONTANA.