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Ilmlittanoos at the risk of aubscribte unless made by registered lotter, cheok, or poital or x. pres order, payable to The Independent Pub lishinr Comrany. itPersons desiring Tna INoxPKNDINT serve I at their homes or place of buejusines ra order by postal card or thronah tolephone No. 100. Ploase report cases of irregular delivery promptly. Advertisements, to insure prompt nsertion, should be handed in beoLro a p. on. Rejected communioations not roturnable an. less posta. Is enolosed. TERMs OF dtHBORIPTION. BY MAitL Daily fincluding u0ndayl per year.......... $I 00 Daily [Including Bundayl six months...... 5100 Daily [including .hlnday] three months.... ' 50 Daily [oxcluding Sundati per year......... h 00 Daily Iexcluding Slunday] per month...... 75 Sunday only tin advancal per year......... O50 Weekly tin advance onlyl Ier year......... 200 Laily by carrier, per woo, lsoveen isaues... I5 1iE;-1.ENA, MONT., NOV. 26. 1S93. C' rMontaniana aboarIl will always find 'THn IDAtll I' \ 'lrNDTfr on file tt their favorite hotels: fifth Avonno and Mletropolitan. New York; West. Minneapolis; l aldwin anti l'lace, tnan : rancisoo; McDermott, Hutto; Loland Hotel, ibpriagiield, IlL ,. .\. 'amphtltll in thei only authorize.I travel log agelnt l this l aper. - - i t: 1f EAT li It. l:oported for it l ,r: i trr' NIVNT' daily by J. M. ,lir er. I titel .tates observe1r. l'arttn ter ............ . L715 9 T'o:llprat u'r. ....... fi 1. \I,.n....t ....... . - 1 \- 5 Ilrmn rat ur at noon. 9 f0. .\laNilnfn teffff rot rie. i . Offtln.Ht ftl, ,vrf ttire, 2.tu. l,,,cft itro,,t for it,, a,:: Fairi; sationary In the Washington Poest Mr. harry IT, Smith, former journal clerk of the house of represontalices, gives an interesting resume of the history of the first income tax imposed by conlgress. This was in 1861. As it passed the house the act. provided for a tax of live per cent. on incomes in excess of $1.000, but this was amenoded by the senate so as to reduce the exemption to 'SC0, and the tax was fixed at three per cent. In this form the bill was passed. Prior to 1S64 the act was hardly in full operation and in that year the sum collected from this source was 815,0l00,000. In the winter of 1Gi35 the tax on incomes under $5,(000 was increased from three per cent. to live per cent.: incomes above $3,000 be ng taxed flive per cent. The amount of tax collected for the fiscal year 1861-5 was $2l1,000.00'. lie close of the war brought a period of speculation and prosperity, and the income tax for the ensuing year was a little over $80,000,000. For the following year 1860-; it was $57,000,000. In the latter year the law was amended so aS: to tax all incomes in excess of $1,000 at live per cent. This reduced the revenues to $32000,000 in 18GS and thereafter until the repeal of the law the revenues from this source was from 825,000,000 to $30,000,000. There was more or less agitation in favor of the repeal of this tax during the entire period of Its existence although it is fair to say the opposition came from those who paid the heavy taxes. No doubt, too, the tax was excessive and might well have been made less burden some. Special Commissioner David A. Wells, in lis report on the revenue sys tem for the year 1809, set forth the fact that an income tax of five per cent, was greater than had ever been imposed by any other nation, except in time of war or in extraordinary national exigencies. lie recommended the reduction of the tax from five per cent. to three per cent. on all incomes over $1,000. In meeting the proposition then seri ously advocated in many quarters, that the income tax should be wholly re moved, Mr. Wells called the attention of the country to the fact that the tax was paid during 1868 by only 250,000 persons out of the entire population of almost 40,000,000, and yet that the re turns of these persons represented an aggregate income of not less than ~800, 000,000. Even allowing for the families of these 2.0,0:)0 contributors, it is evi dent that only about a million of the population were intorete i in having the tax repealed, while the remaining 31), (000.( 0 out of 10),00I),60) of people u thie United States were interested in havln,. it maintained. T'he tax on incomnes which congress may now he reco mnenteied to impose Will be much lighter than the old war tax. According to the press dispatches vyes terday the nays and menoeus coltonitte. will advise a small tax on legacies, on the in comles of large (- rptorations and on property owned or controlled byI aliens, andti will require the sta;p rig of certain lldocument t and special licouses, for certain classes of business, althoughi it is not yet certain that any of these feature3 will be retained in the bill. Students of the prciiieni of taxation, however, are confidenti in the belief that a small tax oin inclioes coiuld boe operated tis successfullly as in IEgla'nd. A table compli.d by librarin Npoffori l sohow:. that the oent ir revwenu iderived frot th, in,,lw' tiax fr,, 1";;.:; to l :1T:, w p ':s t, l ,1 A.Mr. S;,,iri alo i'lh,.v that about ino-thiiri of tie revenuesi Of (iraltI rlitam fri,-m Fi:: to I I7 were dervmwl frintl ill,,n"'- Ito tax. 'hliish taxi asllh oitllt to ýý ;ose r ,, e " ;r p mul ,,: ,inm s of fromn lIi) to i l. l Fi lunds, al ine pot .e per pound on :nt ::.., ai,' v 1 ptoundsi per vyear. 0ii[ II 'lA ll0lii F nlator 'T,1 h"r':, r ,rave i o r l l manyi .e'lch in ienvur t.e oithier night on his return from WVasingfulsn ei'lt:atuu scnti nielts si' ehtireiy in si Fard , a thi the of our own peopl tl-at thlv arire worth quoting as lthi platform on which Mon tunai staods. t i'e haive lik, in',inhtiotil attd resources with ('uhlral, ani what is true of that statCe I trLue of this. Mr. ''oller said: "Our friends in the east, Mn. of theni, believe we taon of ('olorado wol,1 go ,lown to the bottom, depressetd if .rL destroyed. Nothing is less true. We have a great state with great hssIF. ties before us. Coal, iron, situ, coiippr. climate, marbhle and stone all are l'si-. In all that goes to mitake a state we hay, the best. With these, together with our industry andt energy, we know as well as we know anything that with all our adversity we will rise to the pinna elo, and, above all things, we will ,ever maintain the high oharatetr of integrity and honesty it has always been our boast to claim. We will pay our debts and meet every just obligation due us, no matter what conditions may prevail, So let us go to work. Let i, s oaiti oens, address ourselves to the great questions presented to us. Let us show the world we are all we claim to be, rich, intelligent, enterprising and undaunted. Let us mine our iron, our copper, our gold; let us quarry our mar ble and our stone; let us till our soil and develop our state, and we will send back to the east suoh answer as they will blush to receive. We will have riches and prosperity which cannot fail us, whilo those who assailed us will seek our snmils. We will secure that pros perity which is ours, maintain that oul turo and intelligence which we have, and that shall be our answer to the east." This is the message that should go from every state of the Rocky mountain region to the people who have thought to drag them down. Ti , Springfield Republican, published in the town where yesterday's game be tween Yale and Harvard was played, stoutly ins:sts that foot ball ise' not a brutal game. Perhaps not. But we read in the telegraphic reports of the game sentences like this: "The game stopped and Mackie came to the front with a bloody face and was sponged otT;" "Then a Harvard man was seen lying as if insensible and the game was stopped;" "Acton is disabled and lying on the field;" "Thorn, of Yale, is disa bled and lying prone on Yale's thirty yard line;" "Waters, of Harvard, is hurt and Dunlap takes his place," and so on. We would like to have the Springfield Republican's idea of brutality. In another column this morning we give place to the earnest appeal of citi zens of the Gallatin valley for relief from the financial burdens that come upon them at the close of a season of crop failures and business depression. These citizens who are heavy taxpayers represent no party or faction and their appeal to the governor to call an extra session of the legislature, in order that they may have more time in which to pay taxes, is calculated to make the ex ecutive pause before giving them a re fusal. THE CHRISTMAS SCRIBNER. The Christmas number of -oribner's magazine contains five short stories of an usual beauty in sentiment, especially chosen for their appropriateness to the Christmas season. The authors are Robert G:ant, Thomas Nelson Page. Henry Van Dyke, Edith Wharton. and Herbert D. Ward. There is in addition a hitherto unpublished work of fiction by Sir Walter Scott, which is here printed by arrange ment with Mrs. Maxwell Scott, and intro duced and edited by Andrew Lang. The poetry of the number represents an equally notable list of authors including 'I homes Bailey Aldrich, IRichard Henry Stoddard, Edith M. Thomaes, Duncan Campbell Scott, and Graham It. Thomson. A novelty in magazine illustration Is sixteen pages of exquisite half-tone repro ductions of the Della Robbia sculptures, printed in tint to suggest the delicate ma terial of the Robin work. These pictures are made from the unequaled collections of photographs by Professor Allan Marquand, who has for years studied the subject and writes a delightful description of his trav els in Italy in search of Robbise. Another unusual feature is the music of a song by Gilchrist, entitled "January and May," which is decorated and illustrated by How. ard Pyle. Still another artistic feature is "An Artist Among Animals," by F. S. Church, the eminent animal painter, who here tells in a charming way his methods of studying the habits of wild and domestic animals, and illustrates his anecdotes with his own sketches. SUESSER & AICHELE. They Will Have All Kinds of Poultry and Meat for lhanksgiving. Suesser & Aichele, 120 Broadway, have bought out the Broadway mrat market, and from their long exverienelr i the business are now prepared to give toe public as good service as any place in town. They will have on hand for Thanksgiving day tur keys of all sizes and weiihts, geese, chick ens, duoks and all kinds of meats, at p ices as low as the luwest. The firm keeps a delivery wagon and will send purohases to nit tarts of the city. T'he firm keeps only the fresheet kinds of goods, and customers a~it rely on always getting the very best for their money. RED HOT1 EVERY TIME. Unt 'lobnales Are Very Floe, All Chlek ls s ar l lnderloin. A. A. Gusts, proprietor of the Colombian f oit market at 122 Broadway, has always on hand from seven to 10 :. m. hut tomalce. If you want to wash it down he can furnish you a glass of new cider, and then you can buy at the same establishment a good cigar. In addition to making a point of the to male business, Mr. Gusts is making a drive on candies, and is selling fine creams and chocolates at 25 cents a pound. lie has a lot of fancy op. les at $1.75 a box, all kinds of canned goade and fresh truits, idoiuding oranges cant California gra es. Frsh , andios 'l hat ali, nver I ena l, ilhred at tuch ivav:iý , i At tt.' -hloatr Ohllc. ietr avenue. lier. Rocknman Has returned to Helena and is located at the old stand. Teelphone :il. SAYE INVESTMENTS FIRST MORTGAGE LOANS Or :mrn.TrovelI Inlcormc:-l3uar .!i'; 1u Eit E stiito, muade in szrs, S'' ,U t"i O,tiy for :ralv to lpiVite inveotors. AlIo Buy and Sell Bonds and Warrants. 12 YEARS SUCCESSFUL EXPERIENCE, IJAMES M. TUCKER. :AT MONTANK. HELENA, eAVINtI$ I1iNK. MONTo O.R iN'S PLANC Thanbsivitn Offerings. The famous "a. C." Butter, per pound. 35c. 18 pounds new crop Palates 1.00 ' Beet Flour on earth, per 100 pounds. 0 $2.65. , 5 cans aEsle brand Condensed Milk 50c. 9 cans of fine weet Milk 15c. The Bee iBve Soap leads all others, per bar, 5c. Fine Mixed Candy. two pounds for 25c. 10 sticks of Candy for 5c. P.et Chocolate Creams, per pound. 25c 2 pounds Old Missouri Apple Butter 25c. 2 pounds best Mince Meat 25c. Don't forget our I-pound pall of Cbttoleoe 65c. Old Missouri Borghum, per gallon. 70c. Uld Homestead Maple Eyrnp. per gallon, $ 1.25. 0 pounds of Sweet Fotatoes 25c. Fine Uncolored JapanTea, per pound, 25c. Send in your orders by mail. Furs at Cost. In order to reduee oar large stock of For bools woe will sell Ladies' Seal Coats, Fur Cafes, tp, AT COST FOR CASH. : Now is your ohanco to buy a For Garment at a bargain. BABCOCK & CO. Furriers, Helena and Butte, RECEIVER'S SALE. The Entire Stock of the C. K. Wells Company ...... Books, Stationry, Wall Paoper, Fancy oos, Toys, Notions, Etc., Will Be Sold at Greatly Reduced Prices ... . A large line of goods specially adapted to the ap proaching Holidays is being placed on exhibition, and will he sold at prices never equalled in this city. Bargains BOOKS, ALBUMS, PICTURES, CHRISTMAS GOODS Call Early While the Stock Is Complete. CHTS. K. WeLLS. RECEIlEBR Reed, Craig & Smith Co. •.. .*0 GOLDmLOOx... NEW LINE 4-IN-HAND BOWS WORLD'S FAIR PRE~IUXt UNDERWEAR. C"OMNTION .1 E are going to make a great difference in the price of our Cloaks and Wraps of all kinds. We have a good line of sizes, and the newest Fall and Winter styles. These garments are fresh, new goods, bought this season and are the correct shapes. They are to be offered at 3o per cent. below former prices for cash, during this week. The prices will be so much lower than offered by other houses, ." and the assortment to select from so much better that all parties who are interested or intend buying a Wrap would do well to call and examine them. We can give you any size, from bust 32 to 44, plain and fur trimmed, with or without capes, in black, navy blue, browns, tans and other colors. Best material and workmanship. Also a line of Misses' and Children's Wraps and Ulsters at same reduction, and an odd lot of assorted gar ments below the cost of the material used in them, to say nothing of the making. All marked down sales are genu ine at this house, and bargains may be expected. Respectfully. RLE:IGH &CLTNRKE --O- Chrysanthemums f-FOR- THIS WEEK At W120t1 Conoervatory to make ropm for Wlnper Bulba. ROSS CARTEE, FLORIST.