Ilmlittanoos at the risk of aubscribte unless
made by registered lotter, cheok, or poital or x.
pres order, payable to The Independent Pub
itPersons desiring Tna INoxPKNDINT serve I
at their homes or place of buejusines ra order by
postal card or thronah tolephone No. 100. Ploase
report cases of irregular delivery promptly.
Advertisements, to insure prompt nsertion,
should be handed in beoLro a p. on.
Rejected communioations not roturnable an.
less posta. Is enolosed.
TERMs OF dtHBORIPTION.
Daily fincluding u0ndayl per year.......... $I 00
Daily [Including Bundayl six months...... 5100
Daily [including .hlnday] three months.... ' 50
Daily [oxcluding Sundati per year......... h 00
Daily Iexcluding Slunday] per month...... 75
Sunday only tin advancal per year......... O50
Weekly tin advance onlyl Ier year......... 200
Laily by carrier, per woo, lsoveen isaues... I5
1iE;-1.ENA, MONT., NOV. 26. 1S93.
C' rMontaniana aboarIl will always find 'THn
IDAtll I' \ 'lrNDTfr on file tt their favorite
hotels: fifth Avonno and Mletropolitan. New
York; West. Minneapolis; l aldwin anti l'lace,
tnan : rancisoo; McDermott, Hutto; Loland Hotel,
,. .\. 'amphtltll in thei only authorize.I travel
log agelnt l this l aper.
- - i t: 1f EAT li It.
l:oported for it l ,r: i trr' NIVNT' daily by J. M.
,lir er. I titel .tates observe1r.
l'arttn ter ............ . L715 9
T'o:llprat u'r. ....... fi 1.
\I,.n....t ....... . - 1 \- 5
Ilrmn rat ur at noon. 9 f0.
.\laNilnfn teffff rot rie. i .
Offtln.Ht ftl, ,vrf ttire, 2.tu.
l,,,cft itro,,t for it,, a,:: Fairi; sationary
In the Washington Poest Mr. harry IT,
Smith, former journal clerk of the house
of represontalices, gives an interesting
resume of the history of the first income
tax imposed by conlgress. This was in
1861. As it passed the house the act.
provided for a tax of live per cent. on
incomes in excess of $1.000, but this was
amenoded by the senate so as to reduce
the exemption to 'SC0, and the tax was
fixed at three per cent. In this form
the bill was passed. Prior to 1S64 the
act was hardly in full operation and in
that year the sum collected from this
source was 815,0l00,000. In the winter
of 1Gi35 the tax on incomes under $5,(000
was increased from three per cent. to
live per cent.: incomes above $3,000 be
ng taxed flive per cent. The amount of
tax collected for the fiscal year 1861-5
was $2l1,000.00'. lie close of the war
brought a period of speculation and
prosperity, and the income tax for the
ensuing year was a little over $80,000,000.
For the following year 1860-; it was
$57,000,000. In the latter year the law
was amended so aS: to tax all incomes in
excess of $1,000 at live per cent. This
reduced the revenues to $32000,000 in
18GS and thereafter until the repeal of
the law the revenues from this source
was from 825,000,000 to $30,000,000.
There was more or less agitation in
favor of the repeal of this tax during the
entire period of Its existence although it
is fair to say the opposition came from
those who paid the heavy taxes. No
doubt, too, the tax was excessive and
might well have been made less burden
some. Special Commissioner David A.
Wells, in lis report on the revenue sys
tem for the year 1809, set forth the fact
that an income tax of five per cent, was
greater than had ever been imposed by
any other nation, except in time of war
or in extraordinary national exigencies.
lie recommended the reduction of the
tax from five per cent. to three per
cent. on all incomes over $1,000.
In meeting the proposition then seri
ously advocated in many quarters, that
the income tax should be wholly re
moved, Mr. Wells called the attention
of the country to the fact that the tax
was paid during 1868 by only 250,000
persons out of the entire population of
almost 40,000,000, and yet that the re
turns of these persons represented an
aggregate income of not less than ~800,
000,000. Even allowing for the families
of these 2.0,0:)0 contributors, it is evi
dent that only about a million of the
population were intorete i in having the
tax repealed, while the remaining 31),
(000.( 0 out of 10),00I),60) of people u thie
United States were interested in havln,.
T'he tax on incomnes which congress
may now he reco mnenteied to impose Will
be much lighter than the old war tax.
According to the press dispatches vyes
terday the nays and menoeus coltonitte.
will advise a small tax on legacies, on
the in comles of large (- rptorations and
on property owned or controlled byI
aliens, andti will require the sta;p rig of
certain lldocument t and special licouses,
for certain classes of business, althoughi
it is not yet certain that any of these
feature3 will be retained in the bill.
Students of the prciiieni of taxation,
however, are confidenti in the belief that
a small tax oin inclioes coiuld boe operated
tis successfullly as in IEgla'nd. A table
compli.d by librarin Npoffori l sohow:.
that the oent ir revwenu iderived frot th,
in,,lw' tiax fr,, 1";;.:; to l :1T:, w p ':s t,
l ,1 A.Mr. S;,,iri alo i'lh,.v that
about ino-thiiri of tie revenuesi Of (iraltI
rlitam fri,-m Fi:: to I I7 were dervmwl
frintl ill,,n"'- Ito tax. 'hliish taxi asllh oitllt
to ýý ;ose r ,, e " ;r p mul ,,: ,inm s of
fromn lIi) to i l. l Fi lunds, al ine pot .e
per pound on :nt ::.., ai,' v 1 ptoundsi
0ii[ II 'lA ll0lii
F nlator 'T,1 h"r':, r ,rave i o r l l manyi
.e'lch in ienvur t.e oithier night on his
return from WVasingfulsn ei'lt:atuu scnti
nielts si' ehtireiy in si Fard , a thi the
of our own peopl tl-at thlv arire worth
quoting as lthi platform on which Mon
tunai staods. t i'e haive lik, in',inhtiotil
attd resources with ('uhlral, ani what
is true of that statCe I trLue of this. Mr.
"Our friends in the east, Mn. of
theni, believe we taon of ('olorado wol,1
go ,lown to the bottom, depressetd if .rL
destroyed. Nothing is less true. We
have a great state with great hssIF.
ties before us. Coal, iron, situ, coiippr.
climate, marbhle and stone all are l'si-.
In all that goes to mitake a state we hay,
the best. With these, together with
our industry andt energy, we know as
well as we know anything that with all
our adversity we will rise to the pinna
elo, and, above all things, we will ,ever
maintain the high oharatetr of integrity
and honesty it has always been our
boast to claim. We will pay our debts
and meet every just obligation due us,
no matter what conditions may prevail,
So let us go to work. Let i, s oaiti
oens, address ourselves to the great
questions presented to us. Let us
show the world we are all we claim to
be, rich, intelligent, enterprising and
undaunted. Let us mine our iron, our
copper, our gold; let us quarry our mar
ble and our stone; let us till our soil
and develop our state, and we will send
back to the east suoh answer as they
will blush to receive. We will have
riches and prosperity which cannot fail
us, whilo those who assailed us will seek
our snmils. We will secure that pros
perity which is ours, maintain that oul
turo and intelligence which we have,
and that shall be our answer to the
This is the message that should go
from every state of the Rocky mountain
region to the people who have thought
to drag them down.
Ti , Springfield Republican, published
in the town where yesterday's game be
tween Yale and Harvard was played,
stoutly ins:sts that foot ball ise' not a
brutal game. Perhaps not. But we
read in the telegraphic reports of the
game sentences like this: "The game
stopped and Mackie came to the front
with a bloody face and was sponged
otT;" "Then a Harvard man was seen
lying as if insensible and the game was
stopped;" "Acton is disabled and lying
on the field;" "Thorn, of Yale, is disa
bled and lying prone on Yale's thirty
yard line;" "Waters, of Harvard, is hurt
and Dunlap takes his place," and so on.
We would like to have the Springfield
Republican's idea of brutality.
In another column this morning we
give place to the earnest appeal of citi
zens of the Gallatin valley for relief
from the financial burdens that come
upon them at the close of a season of
crop failures and business depression.
These citizens who are heavy taxpayers
represent no party or faction and their
appeal to the governor to call an extra
session of the legislature, in order that
they may have more time in which to
pay taxes, is calculated to make the ex
ecutive pause before giving them a re
THE CHRISTMAS SCRIBNER.
The Christmas number of -oribner's
magazine contains five short stories of an
usual beauty in sentiment, especially
chosen for their appropriateness to the
Christmas season. The authors are Robert
G:ant, Thomas Nelson Page. Henry Van
Dyke, Edith Wharton. and Herbert D.
Ward. There is in addition a hitherto
unpublished work of fiction by Sir Walter
Scott, which is here printed by arrange
ment with Mrs. Maxwell Scott, and intro
duced and edited by Andrew Lang. The
poetry of the number represents an equally
notable list of authors including 'I homes
Bailey Aldrich, IRichard Henry Stoddard,
Edith M. Thomaes, Duncan Campbell Scott,
and Graham It. Thomson.
A novelty in magazine illustration Is
sixteen pages of exquisite half-tone repro
ductions of the Della Robbia sculptures,
printed in tint to suggest the delicate ma
terial of the Robin work. These pictures
are made from the unequaled collections of
photographs by Professor Allan Marquand,
who has for years studied the subject and
writes a delightful description of his trav
els in Italy in search of Robbise. Another
unusual feature is the music of a song by
Gilchrist, entitled "January and May,"
which is decorated and illustrated by How.
ard Pyle. Still another artistic feature is
"An Artist Among Animals," by F. S.
Church, the eminent animal painter, who
here tells in a charming way his methods
of studying the habits of wild and domestic
animals, and illustrates his anecdotes with
his own sketches.
SUESSER & AICHELE.
They Will Have All Kinds of Poultry and
Meat for lhanksgiving.
Suesser & Aichele, 120 Broadway, have
bought out the Broadway mrat market, and
from their long exverienelr i the business
are now prepared to give toe public as good
service as any place in town. They will
have on hand for Thanksgiving day tur
keys of all sizes and weiihts, geese, chick
ens, duoks and all kinds of meats, at p ices
as low as the luwest. The firm keeps a
delivery wagon and will send purohases to
nit tarts of the city. T'he firm keeps only
the fresheet kinds of goods, and customers
a~it rely on always getting the very best for
RED HOT1 EVERY TIME.
Unt 'lobnales Are Very Floe, All Chlek
ls s ar l lnderloin.
A. A. Gusts, proprietor of the Colombian
f oit market at 122 Broadway, has always
on hand from seven to 10 :. m. hut tomalce.
If you want to wash it down he can furnish
you a glass of new cider, and then you can
buy at the same establishment a good cigar.
In addition to making a point of the to
male business, Mr. Gusts is making a drive
on candies, and is selling fine creams and
chocolates at 25 cents a pound. lie has a
lot of fancy op. les at $1.75 a box, all kinds
of canned goade and fresh truits, idoiuding
oranges cant California gra es.
Frsh , andios
'l hat ali, nver
I ena l, ilhred at
tuch ivav:iý , i
At tt.' -hloatr
Ohllc. ietr avenue.
Has returned to Helena and is located at
the old stand. Teelphone :il.
FIRST MORTGAGE LOANS
Or :mrn.TrovelI Inlcormc:-l3uar
.!i'; 1u Eit E stiito, muade in
szrs, S'' ,U t"i O,tiy for
:ralv to lpiVite inveotors.
AlIo Buy and Sell
Bonds and Warrants.
12 YEARS SUCCESSFUL EXPERIENCE,
IJAMES M. TUCKER.
:AT MONTANK. HELENA,
eAVINtI$ I1iNK. MONTo
O.R iN'S PLANC
The famous "a. C." Butter, per pound.
18 pounds new crop Palates
Beet Flour on earth, per 100 pounds. 0
5 cans aEsle brand Condensed Milk
9 cans of fine weet Milk
The Bee iBve Soap leads all others, per bar,
Fine Mixed Candy. two pounds for
10 sticks of Candy for
P.et Chocolate Creams, per pound.
2 pounds Old Missouri Apple Butter
2 pounds best Mince Meat
Don't forget our I-pound pall of Cbttoleoe
Old Missouri Borghum, per gallon.
Uld Homestead Maple Eyrnp. per gallon,
0 pounds of Sweet Fotatoes
Fine Uncolored JapanTea, per pound,
Send in your orders by mail.
Furs at Cost.
In order to reduee oar large stock of For
bools woe will sell
Ladies' Seal Coats, Fur Cafes, tp,
AT COST FOR CASH. :
Now is your ohanco to buy a For Garment
at a bargain.
BABCOCK & CO.
Furriers, Helena and Butte,
The Entire Stock of the C. K. Wells Company ......
Books, Stationry, Wall Paoper, Fancy oos, Toys, Notions,
Etc., Will Be Sold at Greatly Reduced Prices ... .
A large line of goods specially adapted to the ap
proaching Holidays is being placed on exhibition, and
will he sold at prices never equalled in this city.
Bargains BOOKS, ALBUMS, PICTURES, CHRISTMAS GOODS
Call Early While the Stock Is Complete.
CHTS. K. WeLLS. RECEIlEBR
Reed, Craig & Smith Co.
•.. .*0 GOLDmLOOx...
NEW LINE 4-IN-HAND BOWS
WORLD'S FAIR PRE~IUXt
UNDERWEAR. C"OMNTION .1
E are going to make
a great difference
in the price of our Cloaks and
Wraps of all kinds. We have
a good line of sizes, and the
newest Fall and Winter styles.
These garments are fresh, new
goods, bought this season and
are the correct shapes. They
are to be offered at 3o per
cent. below former prices for
cash, during this week. The
prices will be so much lower
than offered by other houses,
." and the assortment to select
from so much better that all
parties who are interested or
intend buying a Wrap would
do well to call and examine
them. We can give you any
size, from bust 32 to 44, plain
and fur trimmed, with or
without capes, in black, navy
blue, browns, tans and other
colors. Best material and
workmanship. Also a line of
Misses' and Children's Wraps
and Ulsters at same reduction,
and an odd lot of assorted gar
ments below the cost of the
material used in them, to say
nothing of the making. All
marked down sales are genu
ine at this house, and bargains
may be expected.
At W120t1 Conoervatory to
make ropm for Wlnper Bulba.
ROSS CARTEE, FLORIST.
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