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PA R T 2 . HEE4 I ONTAN X %NWA N M2f l b89t PRI CE S 12.
VOL XXXIV.--NO. 285. HELENA, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNIN, NOVEMBER 26, 1893 PRICE FIVE CENTS We have a Large Stock of the Celebrated WILSON BROS. SHIRTS. ' UNDERWEAR, NECKWEAR And All of Their Superior Goods for a Gentleman's Wardrobe. - 0 0 -- --0 __ --__ _ -_ - --_ - - _.. . - . .. _ _ : .. . . . ·_ _ _ Our Stock of Overcoats Is New. It comprises the Newest Styles, Newest Shades, Newest Colors. Our Fur Overcoats are also very fine. Our Prices are very low. Way down helow zero. .... ........ ThNDBRSON + + BROS. C O. Mlain Street, Foot of Broadway. I nII . .- .. .-... ... THEY CN I KEEP SECRETS, But the Wife of a Member of the Cabinet Says It Is Hard. However, They Usually Succsed at Least as'Woll as Their Husbands. Mrs. Clevoland Cares Little for Politics Mrs. Carlisle's Interest in Puble Af fairs-Mlrs. Gresham. [ipeianl Correspondence.] TbASIlINi'io, Nov. 20.--If one wants to g:iin greet, confidence for the ability of womanla to keep n secret let, Itim come to Washiin( otl atnd frmn the acqttaintance of Pomet f the1 ladies of the cabinet or sena torial circle. Womlen nlot, only can keep lecrets, llt do keep theta, and there are in W\1al.hitngtotl it Ilnumber of women who oC.t keep their husband's political secrets bet ter and t ighiter titan the husbands them selves. It is encouraging to know that a ltge mrajority of the prominent men of \tlWashiin,tot , inot ornly those who are here nolll, t ILtha llne who have been here inl the ipast, ,l:tc implicit cinfldence in the dis crtiotn oft their wive, its to the Iposession of gofvernmental or politicatl secrets. lresident ('level:and is the first president we have had since Grant who was not i .bhe habit of contliding hi secrets to his wife. mrs. (levelandl cares very little about poli tics, alndi thle president does not etlconurge her to think of sIell mantters. lie takes thoe old fashionied view that a woman should Inot bot her her pretty head about parties onld public qluestions, and that she should he content to role in the domatin of the holle. President Artlhur's Adlvier. While Mrs. I larristott was livinug General HIarris-neI tit o'ta t lketl state nitters over with htr. lie did niot alwayst do so, but as it rnle, when tine antd opportunity per mitted, wouhi dlistcuss with her the princi pal plans of his administration. General Ihtrrisotn, like all men with keen percep tinlls nti (inid eixecltlive tact, saw thilt a wiouma'si wit and. intuit ion were oftien ttore valtuable int mtttiers of statecraft than a ltan's hlogic. l I did not hesitate to talk orver wsit h Mrs. Il::rrisitl a great many af fairs of state, anlld iher rulvie was frerlenllt ly found of vithl. lPresidelnt, Arthur did not, t,cnflid estate matters to his wife, be ,c'tusa he hald no wife while he was ill the White HltItose. li.it thist did not prevent hlit itseeking thel colu.sl of a wonlul now and then. It is a hit of inside gossip never Iefore published lhat during tihe three years he NvIw iu the White hlouse (Genlerl Arthur tcene,:iounlly drove out to the suburban residence of a l (mout)s tvolltan alld witlh her talked over publitc lquestions and dilscussed the politicso t the tldy. This womat was aune other tan m Kate Chaue Srsague. for' whose unllerstanding of men and measures, especially her almost infallible though in MRS. CARLISLE. tuitive methods of measuring public opin ion, President Arthur entertained the high2 est respect. On these visits to Mrs. Chase, President Arthur was generally aRcom panied by Senator Joht P. Jones of Neva da. The two men fonid Mrs. Chase an even nmatch for them. and both have paid high tribute to her sagadsty. Kate Chase's Ihtuitlon. It was Mrs. Chase who pointed out to General Arthur that he would be opposed for the Republican nomination by Mr. Blaine. General Arthur did not believe Mr. Blaine would enter the field against him, and claimed to have some assurances to that effect. But Mrs. Chase told him to have no confidence in these encourage Inents, for she was sure Mr. Blaine was ready to make the race. Moreover, she ad vised General Arthurto withdraw, because Blaine was sutre to beat him out of the nom ination. "tBlaine will be nominated," she said, "but he will not be eleoted." As a prophet ,Mrs. Chase proved to be a great success, as General Arthur afterward dis covered. It was the great regret of his life that he suffered Ilis nane to go before the national convention for the nomination, tas he could not disabuse his mind of the idea that the party haul rejected him and voted him a lack of confidence. This regret never left hhi. and it is known to his intimate friends that his last years were much embittered by the thought that the Republican party had declined to uuminatIe him for a second term. lie always wished he had placed more contidence in the intuition of Mrs. Chase and accepted her advice in this muat ter, as he had done in many other eluergey dies. President Ilayes always made a coull dant of his wife. Mrs. Hayes was one tf the strongest of women as well as one of t he sweetest. She had moat decided opin ions about public affais, and could ex press themn in vigorous fashion. Mr. Hayes thought her even wiser than she was, and with his great lovue for her was ever eager to gain her sanction before adopting a now plan orpolicy. General Garfleld also leaned much on his wife. She gave hint much as sistance while be was In opugnress, and evgp arrer nms ejeuuou so ne presidency she maintained her position as helpmeet. Mrs. Carlisle's iare Talent. As I have already said a great majority of the successful public men of our times have made confidants of their wives in po litical matters. Mrs. Carlisle, as every one knows, is a woman of strong character and good brain. She has unusually clear per ceptions and extraordinary powers of logic in a woman. Though her husband is a wonderful man, possessing one of the most remarkable intellects the world ever saw, he has always leaned much upon the judg ment of his wife. As secretary of the treas ury Mr. Carlisle continues the policy which he pursued as speaker of the house and as senator and acquaints his wife with all the little details of his public work. I have been amazed to hear Mrs. Carlisle discuss the tariff and currency questions with fa miliarity and understanding which few men could boast of. It has been said of her that if necessary she could go into the great financial depart ment of the government, take her hus band's place and run the machine as well he could. This is doubtless an exaggera tion, but I have no doubt she could take the secretary's desk and make a creditable showing at: management. Many other bright and adaptable women could do the same thing, for as a matter of factmanage meot of one of the great departments of the government is not so difficult a task as you might imagine it to he. If one is will ing to place himself, at least temporarily, in the hands of his lieutenants, they will do the work. In all these departments are men who know just as well how to manage them as the ablest of the gentlemen who are appointed to look after them by the president. If a secretary of the treasury cares to do it in that way, he may sit at his desk and simply sign the letters and orders placed before him, and he need have no fear that the business of the department is not going along in proper manner. An Injared Wife's Ally. Mrs. Carlisle has no ambition to manage the treasury department, I am sure. But a few weeks agd she did help run the de partment for a few hours, and when she started in to show what she could do as an exeontiive she succeeded exceedingly well. She knew what, she wanted to accomplish, and it did not take her long to do it. There was in the department a woman who had not confined her attention solely to the work of her desk. She had managed to strike up a desperate flirtation with a fel low clerk, a married man, whose wife soon discovered what. was going on and did ev erything she could think of to put a stop to it. But her husband had been completely infatuated by the scheming clerk and eon tinled his relations with her despite his wife's threats and entreaties. Then it was that the injured wife thought of Mrs. Car lisle. She had heard that the wife of the secretary was a woman of great courage and positiveness of character and felt sure she would also find her full of sympathy. She called on Mrs. Carlisle, stated her case, was asked a few questions and told to call again. For two or three days, so far as appearances went, nothing was be inug done. But all this time Mrs. Carlisle was satisfying herself as to the truth of the e barg wdsiP t ! !aim a ..Ik id9ls too certainly. Then she walked into her hus band's office and asked for an interview. At the close of that conversation the secre tary issued an order dismissing the woman who had broken up a once happy home, and if the civil service rules and some other red tapish obstructions can be got over the injured wife will get the place vacated by her late rival. Theinfatuated husband, relieved of the constant presence of his charmer, is gradually recovering his senses. "I Told You Sot" There is still some curiosity in the pub lic mind to know whether or not Mrs. Car lisle will have a chance to say "I told you so't before this administration comes to an end. It will be remembered that she was opposed to her husband's leaving the senate for the purpose of becoming secretary of the treasury. In the senate, she said, his place was fixed. He was one of the leaders on the Democratic side. There he could push himself forward as one of the masters of the tariff and other economic questions. He could have leisure for study, could do his duty without wearing himself out men tally and physically. If there was any thing better an store for him at the hands of his party, he would be just as likely to win this from the senate floor as from the office of a cabinet minister. Mrs. Carlisle spoke of the risks of serv ing as secretary of the treasury. If the ad ministration made mistakes, the secretary could not hope to escape his share of the responsibility. If he were to be unfortu nate enough to quarrel with the president, doubtless his political career would come to an end. If he remained in the senate, she argued, Kentucky would send him back, term after term, as long as he lived. But it he voluntarily stepped aside and another were elected to his seat it would be almost impossible to displace the new comer should the desire to do so arise. While Secretary Carlisle and the president are still on good terms, and Mr. Carlisle seems to be doing very well in the treasury department, there ure observers of men and things who say Mrs. Carlisle will still get a chance to call attention to her proph ecy, pointing to its fulfillment with a cer tain pride if not with satisfaction. Mrs. Greshamn is another woman who is honored by her husband's fullest confl dence in matters of state. hirs. Gresham knows all the ins and outs of the diplo matic relations of this goverunmeunt. Thl secretary tells her what is going on, and when he is troubld by any any matters he never fails to ask her advice. She has her own opinions, and these are sometimes quite different from those enterttained by the secretary. In the I la[waiilut matter, for instance, it Is gossipedt about the Arlington Ihotel that Mrs. Greasham did not agres with her husbland, and that they had sev eral good natured but earnest arguments about the matter, in which the woman showed that ahe was quite able to takecars of herself. lartd Work to Keep a Sroret. Luckily Secretary tresham Is not a man to insist that every one about him shall co incide with his views. He likes opposition, and if Mrs. Gresham didl not like the plan to place Queen Ltl back on the throne of Hawaii she gave aich arguments in sup port of her view that even the secretary of state must have been compelled to ransack hia.bhsli tot tood answers. The wife of a member of the cabinet said to me a few days ago: "Yes, I think that nearly all the impor tant public men of this day talk over their politick and business with their wives, just as professional and business men talk of their affairs at home. I see no reason why women should not give advice, sympathy and assistance in political or governmental matters as well as in private concerns. The old idea that a woman cannot keep a se cret has been exploded a thousand times right here in Washington. You would be surprised if you knew what I know as to the importance of the secrets which the wives of cabinet officers are at this very time keeping with locked lips. "There is a tremendous disadvantage in being the wife of a great man. One is forced to suppress individuality. Now, I have my opinions about public questions. I know how to think and amn in the habit of thinking. I like to talk polities. lBut, do you know, I dare not open my mouth. If I say anything at all people at once jump to the conclusion that I am simply echoing the opinions of my husband. The facts may be that I am giving my opinions, with which he woul l not agree at all, but they would be put upon him, and that would be worse than having his real views known. "So tlere is nothing for the wife of the high ofvial to d9 but to keep, her opin ions to herself. But it is trying, especially to a woman who has iulividuality and who likes to show it and be fred as4 natural. It is hard work to hold in all the time. It is particularly hard to be set down by one's acquaintances as a thoughtless and igno rant woman, without views or brains or character, because of this necessity of hold ing in. These are the penalties we hawe to pay for being the wives of men who happen to occupy important public stations." ltOBEgiT GRHAVES. lie Got the Btookease. A funny scene occurred at a Fifth street auction. A certain stove man weut ip theres to bid on a bookcase which he was sadly in need of. About 10 o'clock the thing was put up, and there were several bidtlers for it. Thu stove mOan continued to bid, but he was harassed by some woman who was bid&ing against him. The womain was in tile crowd on1 the other side, and he could not see her. Bint he was deterninted to have it, and he bid up pretty high.. Finally it was knocked down to him and the auctioneer masked his name. lie gave it and told him to seml it home. Just as he started out of the door some one tugged at his coat sleeve. lie turned, and there was his wife. Knowing that he wanted a book case, she had come down to buy one cheap and surprise him, and it was she who had bid against her husbaud.-Cincinnati En quirer. Knuok Him Down. We do not know to whom the following vagrant bit of advice should be credited, but it is good sound sense: "When a man playfully points a pistol or gun at yoa, knock himt dow... Don't atop to inquire whether it la loaded or not. lnock him down. Don't be particolar what you knock him down with, only wse that he is thor oughly knocked down. If a coroner's in quest must be held, let it be on the other fellow--he won't be miuared."-Oil City Blincanp BOOMERANGS. how They Are Thrown and the Meehan teal Theory of Their Flight. There are two kinds of boomerangs--one if which is commonly called the "come back boomerang." front the strange pecu liarity of its flight., while the other iscalled "barngect." The latter is used in war and in the chase, and is about 2 feet. 8 inches in length and weighs about 12 ounces. It is slightly curved and resembles a scimeter in shape. The "barngect" or war boomerang is pointed on both ends, and is thrown to kill or wound large game, such as the kan garoo and the Australian wild dog and hu man foes. It is not made to return to the thrower. The Apache Indians of Arizona employ a similar weapon in hunting rab bits. Its form varies from that of a caval ry saber to an obtuse angle of 130 degrees. It. is about 20 inches long, I inches broad and thin at the edge. It is rather dillicult to explain the me chanical theory of the ilight of the boom erang. First-The rotation of the instru ment tbout Its free axis through the cen ter of gravity is the fundamental condition of success. The faster the rotation the longer the boomerang floats in the air. Second-The nutatiou of the axis of rota tioLn has to be considered. This nutation decreas.es with the angle of inclination of the two wIngs of the boomerang, and in creases with the increase of the said angle. In the case of a small angle the plane of rotation keeps parallel to the initial posi tion of this plane, or very nearly so. The two wings form one plane with their lower sides (this angle being zero). The instrument has no per~n.ptible nltation, and must be thrown 1p)erltualictularly to the vertical planle pt. .sg tilrongh the hand. The in strument then rises and returns nearly to the mattle plane that it went up. This throw is rather dlWietlt. lu the second cawu, the angle of Inclina tion of the two wings lbeing very large, the platn of rotation Is constantly changing in regard to ikt inclination with the horitan, attnd by thiacircumstance causes the it~t rl ment to describe a series of coluplitctel curves like those of ai large bird of prey before it settles at the feet of the thrower. In general the initial plane of rotation imust forml an acute angle with the horizon. which may increase to a right angle when tihe inclination of the two wiugs is nearing its maiilmutu. l'rofessor Eggers has formulated the fol lowing directions for throwing the hbooter ang: "Take the bootmerang with the full tist by one end so that the tint side of the Instrument faces the ground, and then fling it away with outstretched arin, giving it at the same time a rotary mnotita by a jerk with the wrist. In the inoment of leaving the hand the boomerang should have an in clination toward the left, and its progree sive notion should be in an upward dirtc tion under a certain angle of elevation. The angle of inclination to the left anul the angle of elevation vary from one instrll ment to another and have to be ascertained by some gentle trial throws for any par ticular lnstrument before the thrower ap plies the full power of his arm. The field for practio. should be soft ground, free of atones or other hard objects. Throw it against the wind or half against it. Do not practice when a hard wind is blowiu&"-e New York Telegra .