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Rellttamese a the risk of subsertbw ar u aes mae by kr.steen l bter. , ebeek or m mlor eryer, panbl to T" dent aP. iompanySV . Peweos deear in the lnadpeadeat served t theilr broes or pla~ of busls CU n slnoe by potal ea or through IWephole Nl 100 Please rport eases of Irn .ular delivery promptly. Advertisements, to Ilaure prompt Sm sortion, should be banded In before 8 p. a. Rejected communtiloatons st rettura bl .mless postage is enclosed. 7hKMe Utr -tinoaIWotrmi. .II o OC p U ~II.AZI. U K .T MAln. Pally (Includlnl Sunday) per year....1100 0 ,aily (including Sunday) six month 5 00 latly (Including nSunday) three mos.. 1 60 Sunday only (in advance) per year.... 3 10 Weekly (In aIlvance) per year........ 2 Daily by carrier, per week, seven Is sues ..................................... I HELENA, ..1NT., 1Phr. 11. 1891. Ifontanlass abroad will always find The lally Independent on file at their favorite hotels: Pl.th Avenue and Metropolitan. New York: West. Minneapolis; Baldwin and Yalace. San FraacLoo.; McDermott B5utte; Leland HoteL USpragrlf4 IlL ?UOICL A. A. Campbell Is the only autherlaol travellna agent of this paper. THE WEATHER. Reported for The Independent by It. It. Crawford. United States observer. an.m I p.m. It. romet.r" ............. ..... .9. ,5 1.., Temperaui i ..................21.0 31.1 Wind . .................north--7 wsIt--7 Mlaxlmum temperature. 39. Mlinimum templerature, 2. I..t al forel.'nst for iHelena: For Tues day fair :iand ,talltonury temperature. Hre-I ar :t foy .f last week's bank clearilngs dt d tTi,,t iin.,ncial cieters 1iele.ts. $867,110: S.rttle. $6S9,7n2: Ta coma, $537.11.1; irpokane, $396,211. These figures tell theirl own story. In a few days we shall feel compelled to move for cloture on the list of sena torial aspirants. Gentlemen desiring to have their names considered should file their applications at once. The income tax is resisted by those who have it to pay. and I. favored by those who do not have It to pay. As the latter outnumber the former about a thousand to one, the tax will stlck. A correspondent of the Chicago Times guggest as a ticket for 18e for presi dent, John P. Altgeld of Illinois; for vice preeldent, Ton} Watson. of Georgia. That would not do at all. The man for either first or second place is Gov. Walte,of Colorado. Platform, B-L-U-D. The Chicago newspapers are usually pretty wary, but the advertlhtng agent of the Montana silver statue is catching them In great shape with his apocry phal stories about attempts to steal the old girl. We shall hear next. probably, that Miss Montana has attempted to elope. Tes, United States senators ought to be elected by the direct vote of the peo ple of the several states. This would do away with these legtslative scandals that have disgraced so many states It would be a good idea for the Montana legislature to memorialize congress on the subject this winter. We are glad to learn that prominent eitlensof the different political organi sations are talking of forming a league to secure proper antl-bribery legislation from the Montana legislature. It is a timely movement and we hope to record the beginning of its operations in a very few days. No time is to be lost. Pending the time when the perma nent capitol building shall be com pleted It would seem to be the part of wisdom for the legislature to provide for the housing of the state officers and the legislative assembly so that there need not be the biennial house hunting and the controversy over quarters. The report of the president of the Montana CoIllge of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at Iluzeman shows most gratifying progress in the development of that institution. It is working along right lines and with further equipment and resources will soon take its place alongside the best schools of its kind in the country. An ele-t in law rlmilar to that of Cal Ilornlla, which should limit rigidly the e'xljlhltur.'x of ctlrill'ltittil and (fttfl paign r iinmitti.t4. wotuldl work iin, lnJus ti ' to il''i inn, hut It wouldI compell thu'ii to riun oin their merits; and It wiod .-I nat .l meni' (if nofmod'ntrate moanst 1 to Ii c,-,t II 'lilt lt tlunl to public office w'1 "~'I " tltI 'i il I. xld"tlreta their ser 'li V'... vnl~ 'Il k,' ",stigg.".'t 1', olur nurn Mi:. II) 1ii 'ii S '1 Oi p u l i to' I. al ili l tile hull i. t', ;I VII dioii rl'iiil .v iii l\'liioiid, itt11 hut1 '111 V. ii h~ii*i Illl llnllC: 11) II, I If)- a i r ..1 ." , ut' ing , t ni iil, ' i'. tle iii; ii to ll I i . I'll. K "ine " ..t huii. tal ai't; siuitiv· h i Ig ;ii gi]irt .it Ihez' Miati Ii, the" tiiiiim If,! rn""iiy ll domIln heir b Itn.e. 1'I (· JIt·: aI It·r c Ital. ,k, o f ll;,r ll xi,, ll '. ' w·l thlr.. niti 3 ..I th." l '.:1I1 Hl1 nayLs tl. t I," ". I- (I1p I toll I,,' mini.. I.yI the r i~r(?" 1,111'i I., I" . I\." ll.' M '.K iiill bill 't'hin th'(.H)II,.. ihIIt thole will h e nn lrUI taus :u l u"ltpt In t 'vi'. " M' KlnKIy as .t pr. =n ulcutlul uluulr l I tt. nI Ixut;. Nt tu nr lu Otrlt u uk." t .. fit,-..r,11ll lfe 10 c~ ! comlky tut Into lh. t ll ae t dstant fn them. What other state ofre as prom stal a g d forg the capitallst a4 the settler? . _ _ The womet o. ew York auoom pltahbd a tret de Ina the late .gpi paIga in that city fer hoeeety and de ceney and good mora. It pelitlcs Now they have a more serios empalgn on their hands. They are inavited by Lady Henry Somerset to make a war to the death on the low-necked evening gown. Lady Somerset is making some con verts, but New York's four hundred do not respond to her appeal to arms with hearty alacrity and entire unanimity. In electing I.. A. Walker for Its presl dent and C. D. t1reenhfeld for Its seere tary, the Helena board of trade has taken a wise step. Both of these gentle men are known as wide-awake, progres sive citlaens who are keenly alive to the city's needs and familiar with the best methods for advancing them. Mr. Walkeras manager of the Hotel Helena, has made a reputation as one of our best business men: and Mr. (Ireenfleld as city editor of The Independent for many years, and afterward as editor of the Montana Stockman and Farmer, has gained a 1powledge of the needs and advantages of ut city and state which few men possess. He has visited every section of Montana and his contrl. buttons to the columns of The Indc pendent on the industries and resources of the state have been the most accu rate and complete articles ever written on those subjects. Now, with the right men in the right ,lace. let every citisen interested In the advancement of Helena join the board and keep up his dues. At least 200 good names should be added to the member ship. The Helena board of trade can be made a power if the directors have proper backing in their undertakings. CITY COVERNMENI. The National Municipal league, which is in session in Minneapolis, is an or ganlsatlon, now 'n its second year. which alms to discuss questions of mu niolpal government thoroughly and Im partially with a view to the better ad ministration of affairs in the cities of ,ne United States. Among the dele gates in attendance are some of the foremost busieuss men of the country and the deliberations of the league doubtless will be productive of much good. Elsewhere in to-day's Indepen dent we give a synopsis of the Interest ing paper read before the league yes terday by Prof. Edmund J. James, one of the managers of the Philadelphia league, who is at the head of one of the departments of the University of Penn. sylvania. Mr. James discusses the model city charter in a plain and sen sible way. He holds that neither our past elperlence nor the experience of European cities afford us a model for our own city governments, but that we must study and work out the prob. lem anew for ourselves. He takes no stock in the ultra theories of those re formers who disbelieve in the American form of representative government. Our cities must be governed upon the basis of universal suffrage and popular con trol. Nor does Prof. James believe in a property or educational qualification for suffrage. He would have each municipality In dependent of state control, either legis lative or administrative, and give to each the absolute right of self-govern ment. He considers the weakest part of our city governments as at present constituted, to be the legislative branch -the boards of aldermen and councils. He would have minority representation in such bodies, and he would have two branches of the council similar to the senate and house of representatives of our state and federal governments. The other reforms that he suggests are in the main to be commended and they would be easily accomplished by any city that set out in earnest to at tain them. NEEWS IN NUGGETS. Artiflncal cotton is made of wood. South Carolina has sixty gold mines. Sewing thread is made of asbestos. Japan had but one newspaper twenty. five years ago. Now it has 2,000. The first Spanish railroad was opened from Barcelona to Mataro, eighteen miles. l;erlln Is to have an International mat rlmonial newspaper printed In three lan gt:ugages. 'hill has a greater number of poets In proportion to its population than any other ( lllit ry. .More money Is spent for brass hands than 'or the srhools of the Argentine it. publii. Th." llrst l'orllgueis, railroad was open i', in lii:t frl m I .lisbon to c'arregalo, I went y-vl v mil n Aio)tt 3i.J orgaK griniderr arrive in I.on don eavery Junll from Italy and leave again A Ilairtfoul mauTl hali Invelntetd ta I w 1,", I n,' montor whih h" 'lalinms will iln m,\ l 10 Iiill,.s ali hour. I'vthilluruip dil'-t. ed his dlstiples not to w.,I th~ killia of unimals in fany foi. l, ;irl "~o thlIr stlos wiere malie of the built Vi i' tlti. TIME IH0 L'U.EKI 'El, Tuesday, i)iie. 11. 1891. litv, from th'e h'. althy t,*. l .ook f.or till sunshine alway fiomn the. 'hlrlow.. 'IIt E AKIA,'T Hn ,allol ' oI 'ti ll . C\.al I'l ,loe . Ihir ht m a ,'ltlt.. a rala . Ik ut tI'l I.. I IIto III' I l ,',i C~. iff~. IINNIEIt . tI ,edi i eth f. Apple . .ll lt iinked I'i tat n . Squash. torn tili lll Iutter I,,t'|n li ". 'hees,. li 'k'I'Elt -Tea Itlsrout. t'ra, ke .rl ', (lit, I'annel I't.ui Feather Cak.e. Milk T',. lnerf fr :, Nt"w mty obe eithr hr -,k, 1 or Io Nh. I' mi th, bones In II bl h n,,1 ,,1 111, k. Il, . .. I, i|'refiet the nlm lr( ;mIr I -, ,'ablels l mon lor, thownlg l .u oulr i, milk kpstads ItI' Ji l mill, in, and fi th ken th," mgrve To ionr* Innut of mleat allow, i.l, smatll onin th I .hch onm carrot headl the Illrit (,lt I ,tlh, I, andlll ui a t qu , ,ol. a W I,". 1.e( bull and set wlh."r., Ill.. , ,nonti,.I will Mint m,"r slowly thrt., hntli Among the lliquid foods, milk stands first In nutritiv, v'.sa 's, ill next I iomnt the I inihll maldt, from the dlifferent meals, of which oat meal heads the llst. WIBS 84 WI I"o WINTSW A Mrene autuon meus a W s ter.-Lord Bases. * a * If the oak beat mast AWUm It forehadows a M and hard wUtiw,. Wor"dge. An eafl winter A attW "dier. * 9 If the lee will bear s sigee befte OhftI ma it will not bear a duck aftIL When the onion's skin Is thl, ick W' cate. expect a mild wlater; but wr(t - bulb to covered by a thlbk coat ittis U to foreshadow a severe season. If in the fall of the leaves ia Octeber many of them wither on the boughr and hangs there, It betokens a frosty winter aid much snow. If the wind I. in the southwest in M artm mas it keeps there till after CUadlemane, Mildland Counties Proverb. If the sun shine through the apple tree on Christmas day there will be an abuna ant crop in the following year. A warm Christmas. a cold Master A green Christmas. a white Easter. --erman Proverb. In winter when the sky about midday has a greenish appearance to the eat or northeast, snow and frost are eapected. -Scotch Proverb. Cats wash their faces before a thaw and at: with their backs to the Are before snow.-Scotch Proverb. Hares take to the open country before a snow storm.-Scotch Proverb. When birds of passage arrive soon from the north. It indicates the probability of an early and severe winter. If cranes appear in autumn early, a s. vere wlater is expected. If the opossum Is found In autumn In hollow trees, the winter will be milder than It he occupies a burrow In the ground. When the days begin to lengthen The cold begins to strengthen. January blossoms AUl no man's oellar. Portuguese Proverb. If the grass grows In Janiveer It grows the worse for all the year. A wet January Is not so good for corn, but not so bad for esttle.-Pertuguese Proverb. March in Janlveer, Janiveer in March. I fear. When goats dance in February the hutb bandman becomes a beggar. If February give much snow, A finae summer It doth foreshow. -French Proverb. February rain is only good to fill ditches. -French Proverb. Thunder In December presaseus ne weather. Aln air' (early) winter A lair winter. -Scotch Proverb. Mony a frost and mony a thowe (thap). Soon makes mony a rotten yowe (ewft., One fair day in winter does not make birds merry. Winter thunder. Poor man's death, rich man's hunger. (Uecause it is good for fruit and bad for corn.) After a rainy winter follows a fruitful spring.-panish Proverb. Winter finds but what summer lays up. In winter a fire is better than a musdat rose.-Persian Proverb. The fire is winter's frutt.-Arabian Pro verb. Winter never rots in the sky. Thunder in January slgnifieth the same year great winds, plentiful of corn and cattle, peradventure.-.Book of Knowledge. January and February. Fill or empty the granary. When the woodpecker sings in January, keep your fodder for the morrow (for it is a sign of snow or rain). Jan. 1, 1896. comes on Tuesday, so that the following prophecy from "Diggse' Prognostlcaclon Everlasting of Righte Good Effect." published in London In 1566, is important: "When New Year's day follcth on the Tuesday stormle winter doth ensue: a wet summer; divers harvest: corns and fruite Indifferent, yet herbes in gardens shall not flourish; great sleklnies of men, women and young chillren. lBeasts shall hunger and starve and dye of the batch; many shippes, galliles, and hulks shall be lost; and the bloody fites. shall kill many men; all things dear save corne." In the south of Flranre the first six days of January, called "Les ('aleniles," are ,onsldered to foretell the character of the weather which will prevail during the firnt six months of the year. The people In the nellighborhood of ru g.e. Itelgium, on ('andlemas dlay, drop the a,. of a t.pel that has beeti l,.esrI into a howl of wI.rte'. If it forms ilttl, stars the yiar will be fruitful. i'llke winter aii .you find liln antl he tlarns out to hib a thoroughly hnIlli fIillow with no nlonsensei in himn alnd toil riting nlln inl yo, whir' h I I t'.rllt collllflrt ill the long run.--iiwell-lIy Stuldy Win All nI .1ure feels the renovlaing firnse (f wiitert. O(nly to thet thoughtll s )ye I ruin ililen. T'he frost-'ontrit LeiI globe i law. nll anlllllIant vegetKl ll i" 1i AInl gathers vigor for thi lir-'iai yo Year. -Thompsr . l :l maillS, I , r t , lth. king of Intlmlrn , ', ' l. hlt, Flr,"ilh rlljoymenlllts, homniih,; ti hIII,laeqS, A l n all fIt i ontforts that th.* i,,lv noot fir anrliiatur h I retirem',nt, Danl Ih, hiouirs (If Illong, nlllltll Iirruptidil e.'lullg. killnW. -('un0 Th,' '1Iank. h'lr . night l. mother if o h, ,I ', The wlitir r f the splring. Arll ever iupiti old le9. v The grtienlt Inosses I Ilnl - Whittii A I)re'ni lr ( ngltlr. SiWei' when I hose frosts t l.i t winter brings, Whtiieh ' nnii ) i 'very green, Itl new us Ilk. Iih, temlng Pl, Iir, Anal we thus itil'. are seni S " -I lrayton. If the berm Iiit up arf llnitalll amount of honey they are preparing for a hard winter. Dolls Are Going We will sell today our entire line of Dolls at a dlcmat f so per cent. The stock is complete and assortment very large. Must have the room for a large shipment of Toys which will be here in a few days. Prices are 'marked Il plain figures from which discount will be taken. The Gold Pens go with them. You all know the Mabis, Todd & Co. Gold Pens-price the same the World over, Prices cut today so per cent. Every pen warrated. The Fountain Pens follow the Swan Fountain Pens... $1.75 from $3.oo. BOOKS-Our Book Department is one of the chief attractions of our store, and we have many. Bargains to offer: The Standard Books by all the leading authors are here in large quantities and prices low. The Aster Library and standard i2mos. are going fast, but stock still large and you can get a nice library. Then we nave the Harland, Holmes and Roe books at 75c from $..So per volume. FANCY GOODS-This is one of the deputtaeats in which you will be very much interested. Price one-half what you have been paying. LEATHER GOODS-Don't you want to get a nice Pocket Book for your friends? Or pe'rhaps a Card Case or Bill Book. We have them. Prices from zoc to $so. HOBBY HORSES-Too many of these goods. Msut have the room today-so per cent. off. CHRISTMAS TREE ORNAMENTS-Now is the time to buy your Christmas Tree Ornaments, Codles and Candle Holders. FINE STATIONERY-Everybody uses Stationery and we have what everybody wants. Our prices are rilght-oo boxes regular 35c goods for zSc this week only. STAPLE GOODS-Do not forget us during the Christ. mas rush on Staples, Envelopes, Inks, Pencils, Oflice Sup. plies, etc. Soon will be Jan. z . Have you placed your order for Transfer Cases, etc. See us. Carter's ink, 3 dos cones in a case, for $1.25 per case. All other inks at correspond mg prices. When you are in ask for a Calendar. HELENA BOOK & STATIONERY CO. "' ., M ri's Pllace 209 N. RODNEY STREET. 4 1 lb Pkgs Olos or Corn Starch......$ - Cove Oysters. Can..................... 10 S Norway Herring.......................... I Mackerel........... ...................... 5 lb Pall Cottolene ...................... 60 Plug Cut Tobacco, 2 Pkg.................. 1 50 Good Cigars................. ........ 1.00 I Pkgs PettlJohn's Best................. 50 Hofman House Bouquet............ 31. 3 lbs Dried Apricots....................... 3 lbs Dried Peaches ..................... . 2 Bottles Catsup...................... 1 2 PIottles Pickle............................. 2 Slbs Antoloene ......................... Pure Maple Syrup, Bottle ............. - Cakes Amole oap ................. ... M 3 Hars Gran Pa's Wonder ............... Package Tea, 1 lb....................... 2 lb Jelly Beans....... ........... 2 Ibs Mix Candy........................ IS Slbs Almonds or Walnuts.............. 3 P cnuts. I Ib.......................... 10 Best Flour, Per Sack................. 1.00 YOU'VE BEE, LOOKINO .. VIRYWHEE... For the right thing for a Christ mas Present for PAPA Have you notice those Diamond Shirt Studs we are displaying? lome thing for MAMA Nothing will please her more than one of our Quadruple Plate Tea Sets. Then there is BROTHER With his baker's dosen moustache. Why not see our Bilver Shavng Mulgs? And when it comes to SISTER What you can find In our stock that will not please her would surprise an Indian prince. Even the BABY Is remembered by us. Our ('ups, PIns, Chains, etc., etc., make our stock the most varied in the city. Just one word about Diamonds. We have been in this branch of the husiness so long and our reputation Is so well estab. lished that when we say wen show a finer line than any gem merchant In the city we know the people believe It, and will see our Jewels before buying anywhere else. Our prices are the lowest. A. Goldberg, 9 S. Main ARTISTIC. Oar Lees tftales e fassI las the eity. U.r edd pieese reoms will R ee. ,large .sea est ales HERRMANN & CO. I OVERCOATS - Ready to Wear... A double breasted Storm Coat or Uater ready to wear for $7.00 Double breasted Ulster very heavy weight, closely woven, of the pmnet wool, nioey lined, ready to wear for $10.00 In grey, blaok and light grey. It has never been equalled. The purest of wool, a Fur Beaver, lined with double warp Farmers Satin, fine Silk Vlvet Collar, nothing better, ready to wear-$12. Trousers made to order-$. WANAMAKER & BROWN, Sles Agent-D. S. HODGE, Warren treet. Be On Time And secure the choloest of the many Holiday goods AT UTOMIBR d IRADLE.V', Dolls, dressed and undressed. Toilet Sets, Manicure Sets, Glove and Handkerchief Sets, Smoker Sets and Gifts of every dee.rip tion for old and young. Our prices as usual are lower than elsewhere Butcher & Bradley fI SOUTH MAIN. AOINTS FOR STANDARD PATTERNS., £ -e- PRflFVI;ONAL CARD. ASHBURN K. BARBOUR. Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Masonlc Temple. - Helena. Montana. MA4BENA BULLARD, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Will practice In all the courts of record in the state. Office in Gold block. Helena Montana. MME. C. LAFLEUR. FURRIER, 219 NORTH RODNEY. TheHolay Season Approaches .. . I *' *..** IDRESS SUITS iSflqtylca d. The ones I 'sus' You, body and pocketbook. OVERCOATB all styles. C. M. BITSCH, Merchant Tailor. Over N. P. Ticket mooe. Ca ad ~ ar eadw. JaW Al the IONT AA STAGE CO. WUll= s iro aeul . W4 vac Dally 4-Horse Coaches -IITWsIN Great Falls anad Lewistown Making the Talp In One Day. Via selt, Armington. Cors, oeysC Oratton, staford Utica and Phllbrook. Close connesoton at Lewistown for the Great Minaing Camps of GtI ' Splf bor uail aida Comfortable Four-Hors Concord Coaches. Best of Stook, Fast Time, Careful Drivers. Good meals and acoommoda. UO" Prompt atteztlan to Passengers and *zpress. J. J. DAVIS, Superintendent e .....BOOKS. If you eannot attend college for a course you can buy our new Practical Test IookI on Bookkeeping, Commercial Law. Buslness Arithgeto., Business Upelliag and Correepoadence, Ilhorthand (any standard system), Typewriting (for any machine), also best works on Mechanical and Architeotural Drawing and Music and Languages. Prompt attention to all or ders. Addres PrOf. H. T. Engeihorn, Principal and Proprietor Englhre HlaN Insleen College, HELENA, MONTANA. PARISIAN DYE WORKS C. RIMBOUD, PROPRIETOR. FIrench cleangI and dyeing, scouring by mneob proesus. Plush, woolen. velvets and silk dresses, gentlemen's garmentU, kid gloves fether, t fun. laces, curtains, silk and woolen underwear and necktiee. Ustlatction guaranteed. IW Orand street, near Hotel Helena Helena Montana. Not responible for goods left over two meatbh Oreen sa etd @ at a part l mte t. . .