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Rocky Ionstain Husballman.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. TIURS.DAY, DECEMB13R1L 2, 1875. Iv WE look to the future, ., hile progress and prosperity of our Terrritory ; the figure she is to cut in the proud galaxy of States, we cannot fail to be forcibly impressed with the importance of careful attention to our educational interests. It matters not what our occupations may be-whether profes sional, industrial or mercantile. There is no citizen who is thoroughly identified with the country ; who is here to build up a home. who does not look forward with pride to the day when our fertile valleys, peopled with industrious farmers; our luxurient pasture lands-cut by thousands of clear, sparkling streams--covered with cattle and sheep, and ten thousand miners delving in our hills, adding millions daily to our common wealth, we shall go knocking at the doors of Con gress for admission as a State. Then, if we hope to rank with the proud States of Amer ica-to be honored and respected by them we must look to our educational interests. We must remember when that day shall come, the mental calibre of our people will do more to establish our power and influ ence than all our land, mines and herds. 't'hen let our people awake to their Interests. No degree of greatness can be attained ex cept by cultivating the mind. Around us, on every side, we see springing up children; boys and girls; young men and young wo men. What facilities have they for gaining Information? Are we trying to build up a library of good and useful books for them to read ? Have we good schools convenient, and do we send our children to them? These are the questions 'Which we should ask our selves. Are the people fully awake to the importance of educating the young? Do they realize that the destiny of our country depends upon this? We are glad to kpow that in some localities the matter is being properly considered. Deer Lodge, perhaps, takes the lead, lav ing for several years had good schools. Hel ena is just about completing what will be the largest school building in the Territory, and will open school at once. Prickley Pear Grange have put up a large building, and have a good school in it. Virginia City has in course of erection a school building that reflects much credit upon the community. Gallatin County has a first-class female sem inary. There are, also, some other good .schools in the Territory, yet there is still a great deficiency. Some school districts are without any school house whatever, while those of other districts are miserable, low, uncomfortable cabbins, built, perhapse, by the early pioneer for a dwelling. Not only is the country deficient in comfortable build ings, but in many localities where they have buildings, they are without schools. There seems to be a lack of enterprise; there is some one needed to go ahead. Our County School Superintendents, instead of visiting each neighborhdbd and lecturing to the schools, and trying to inspire the children with a desire to learn, and their parents with the necessity and importance of it, are, in many eases, quietly pursuing their various occupations. Grave responsibilities rest with these men. They may raise our intel lectual status to rank with that of any peo ple on the globe, or they may allow it to smoulder away and sleep among the dark ness of ages. What are we doing? Are we standing fwith our arms folded, expecting heaven to school our sonis and daughters? And will we continue thus, or will we arle and keep psc6 with the progress of the age ? We have but a bshort time in which to labor. Soon we will step down and out; soon, feeblewith age, we will surrender our charge to the rising generatiou; yes, soon the boys and gIArswound u; are to be our husbandmen -d lmatrons, our statesmen and. philoso phers; soon to become the bulwark of our uountry's greatness. Then if we would look upon her with pride, let us supply the young with every meana of obtaining ,a thorough,practical education, that Montana, as slhes to.day noted for the richness of her mdle~, te ft ty of her soil, the extent of ar pturage, the healththlness of her cli ~stmay tine to come, be noted for the misteaa y minds thit guide and control her. destale. " James H-lowlet, St. Vrain, raised forty five acres of wheat, average yield twenty live bllshels. T. F. Golding, on one hun (dred acres averaged thirty bushels. The` average yield for this section is about twen ty-five bushels to the acre and of the best quality.--ol. Farmer. Mr. Ruben Johnson raised an average of thirty bushels to the acre on his ranche near here, notwithstanding the grasshoppers in jured it severely. Forty bushels is not an uncommon yield for Montana, and no doubt some of our farmers can even beat this. Since writing the above we have been in formed from a reliable source, that Messrs. Woods & Nafos, of Deep Creek, Mo. valley, had one wheat field which yielded an aver age of fifty-five bushels to the acre, and their entire crop of wheat averaged forty bush els per acre. We are permitted, through the politeness of one of our most eminent citizens, to make the following extracts from a privath letter dated at Philipsburg, Nov. 221 : "The N. W. Company's mill is not yet finished. I do not think it will be ready to run before the 1st of January. It wll be a ten stamp mill, with three revolving cylin ders for roasting the ore, and has a smoke stack sixty feet high, built of brick. It will not be a very large mill, but I think 'it will be a good one. The company have, also, a good mine; good ore and plenty of it. They employ about twelve men in the m ne at present, and will employ about fift in all, when the mill is completed. The St. Louis Company are putting a new engine and some other new machin ry in their mill, and, I am told, will be re ly to run in a few weeks. They employ fiften or twenty men in their mine. It is call d the Hope. The Belmont Company started up n the Commanche lode and run two o three months. They also commenced to uild a mill at the same time, but the whole thing was shut down on account of a fai ire on the part of the Company East to se d out the greenbacks. They say they wil start up again soon. Times are dull at present, but the p spect is that they will be good in the sprilu Wages for outside hands are $3.25 per day; for miners, $85 per month. Board, from $7 to $8 per week. So, you see, theire is nothing to keep a man from getting rich; it is only a question of time. There are a few Diamond City folks here, among whom are M. H. Collins, Jack O'Cpn nell and Jack Smith. Your friend, Pleasmnt Miller is here; also, a number of othersrfi'om Cedar. They say Cedar is about done for. A dozen men stay there this winter. quartz creek has improved a little. Nine-mile does not amount to much outside of the patented ground, which is all owned by one company. The snow here is about eighteen iixches deep, and weather pretty cold." NEETIN( OF THE NATIONAL GRANGE. We pity the unfortmnate gentlemen who appear in Louisville this week as the thief officers and representatives of the grea$ or ganization known as the Patrons of Ius bandry. From every part of the Tplion they come to our city, each bearink his own heavy load of care, and each rejticed to reach the happy spot where he can lay that load down and rest his weary bces, at least for a little while. It is fearfit to think of the mental torture those poor ihen have suffered for months past. For all men and all newspapers-political, ,reli glous, agricpultural--have given them sage advise as to the course they ought to pu.' sue on the arrival of the great occasion which has now come. And just to tfink of the range of theme to which that advice relates! The National Grangers must be solid, even-tempered men, or their patinice under the trying ordeal to which they have been exposed would long since have been exhausted. The chief value to be attached to the feeling in tbis way manifested, consists in the evidence thus unconsciously furnished of the importance which belongs to the movements of the Order, ulnd of the great interest taken In its action. The Grange li no longer a fit subject for caricature. Its enemies fear it, or hate it, or do both. The only parties that should be hostile to the Grange movement are the non-produc ing classes--the social parasites of every sort. The charge of the National Grange is truly at immense o:e. It is a growing one. It was an infant, but it is now a giant-a yeritable Sampson, fighting nobly for the fanmer. Without going into lengthy details, it may be said that the duties of the National Grange consists In directing into the proper channels the trained dnergics of the power thus placed in their hands. It will not do for the Grange ignorantly to strike down any of its friends; and even towards its worst foe, Patrons can afford to be magnanimous. Looking at the thing from this standpoint, We think that nothing should be urged more strongly than eduation. Really on it everything in the way of solid improve ment depends. The ignorant farmer is the prey of the demagogue, and it is needless to say that there are Granger demagogues as well as the old fossilized political kind, the marks of which are familiar to all. If the members of the National Grange vies r the matter in this light, they will of course take action calculated to give practical ex pression to such decisions as are reached. Dvery intellieent Grangea is aware that nearly all the impediments that now block the way are rooted in ignorance. Let us, then, have more knowledge, and let the National Grange do all it can to build up the schools and colledges of the country especially those that exist in the name of agriculture. We might go on to refer to the most important streams that flow from this great fountain head, all calculated to bear blessings and prosperity to the farmer's home. Many questions that are still topics of vital importance, and are in various ways linked with old, dead issues, which have to be separated from their past asso ciations, and viewed simply in their rela tion to the present. For this reason we think the Constitution of the National Grange should be, as it is, marked by great liberality, for only by its being so, can there be that degree of freedom which is required in a country with so varied an agricultural interest as that of the United States. In this connection we may observe that from present appearances it is likely that not a few matters will be brought be fore the National Grange which properly 'belong to the State Granges. For example, there is the subject of Free Trade. This we consider a question on which it would hardly be judicious for the National Grange to express any opinion, though it comes properly within the- province of Political Economy, and should be discussed in the subordinate Granges. In many State Granges it is a matter upon which it would be safe to take action, because it would In troduce no discord. But it is not necessary to go further in this direction, as otir aim on the present occasion is to be suggestive, and not exhaustive. We repeat, intelligence is the only thing that will lift the farmers tip to to their proper social position, and that in every step that leads to this great end, all good Grangers can unite. There is another thing upon which all Grangers who understand it are a unit, and on which the National Grange before it separates, should put its approval. We allude to Co-operation. This is second only to education, and that on the well-known principle that the physical is always subordinate to the mental. By a proper use of this power, the Grangers from one end of America to thet other can carry any point desired, if upon it they are only combined. If they want to build a great pork-house they can do it, and never feel the loss even if it happens to catch fire and burn down the day after it is com pleted. And' whilst treating of co-operation we may as well be candid, and step aside to say that in so far as the Grangers are concerned, Dr. Worrall, who has been lecturing in this city on the subject, must be considered an outsider. He, along with some others, who want to be ahead of the Grangers, have gone into an enterprise of this character on their own acctount. Of course we trust that the highest expectations of all parties will be trealized, and certatnly if the flattering com muaications which have appeared in our city papers are a guide, the thing must be going along gloriously. Well, that is all right, and it is equally proper that the co operation 9f Patrons should be entirely in the hands of members of the order. ilWhen we set out we did not intend Io write a.s mIuch as we have written. But tlih themes with which we have been dealing are of the deepest interest. Iii conclusion, we welcome the members'of the National Grange to Louisville aid to Kentucky ; anlf we are confident that the more they know of our city and this noble old State the Ihe ter they will like both. They are all good men and true. Their steps thus far have been wiscly directed. They have and are entitled to the confidence of their constitu ents ; and we arre sure that whatever is done will be well done-will be done in a way that the law-makers of this nation would do well to imitate.-Farners' fIome Journal. GENERAL NEWS. Wells, Fargo & Co.'s treasure box was robbed by three highwaymen at 4: 15 in the morning, on the 10th ult., about two miles south of Boise Bridge, Idaho. The total coin value of the treasure was $7,069.19, on.t fourth of which will be paid for the recovery of the same. A dispatch from Cheyenne, under date of the 23d ult, says that a party of Black Hlills miners under the lead of David Young, and conststing of six men, froze to death about one hundred miles east of Fort Fetterman, on the night of the 13th uit. They had been previously attacked by Indians and their, camp equipage captured. In endeavoring to escape from the savages three of the par ty were killed (then consisting of ten), one other subsequently died from exposure. The rest of the party were endeavoring to reach the Medicine Bow, when they were overta:k en by a snow storm and perished, as stated above. The report goes on to state that there is great destitution among the gold seekers in the Iills, and all that can get away are leaving as rapidly as they possibly can. Senator Mitchell, of Oregon, makes the prediction that the Northern Pacific Rail road will be completed to Helena, inside of two years. -Independent. The Boston Journal says of Mrs. Scott Siddons, that her acting is perfection, if per fecteon can be attained, being faultless in style and manner, giving life to every sent.i ment uttered. The New York Tribune thinks her the most beautiful woman before the public. Trouble still continues on the Texas bor der. A fight is reported between the Mexi can marauders and Texan Rangers. The California papers are talking of a scheme for irrigating their lowland valleys'. by means ot a canal 900 miles long to cost millions of money. A system sufficient to irrigate 500,000 acres lying west of the San Joaquin river is deemed expedient. The canal spoken of for that purpose is from Tulare Lake to Antioch, a distance of 200 miles. It is spoken of as being highly prac tical, both for irrigation and navigation. The estimated cost would be about $12, 500,000. Maggie Davis, daughter of the ex-Pretsi dent of the XConfederate States, is, it is re ported, about to marry A. J. Hayes, Jr., Cashier of one of the National Banks of Memphis. Professor Wise completed his454th balloon ascension, October 30. IIe started from Louisiana, Mo., traveled fifty miles in fifty minutes. He alighted in the tree-tops, los ing his balloon, " The Century." Italy has one hundred agricultural newt papers. A National convention of the Women's T'emperance Union met in Cincinnati last week. J. L. Drake, Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Good Templars of Illinois is dead. . The Prohibition candidate for Governor of Massachusetts received, at the late election, 9,000 votes. There are reports of arm intended change in the head of the Post Office Department. Treasurer New is spoken of in connection with the position. The cashier of. the Western Union Tele graph office, at New York, is a defaulter to the amounlt of $25,000. The German Empire will have a deficit ot 5,000,000 thalers, in 1876, unless some new source of revenue is discovered. Spain is going to send an ironclad fleet to The ship Calcutta was wrecked last week on her way from Calcutta to Liverpool, and twenty-three lives were lost.