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partment made provision for a supply of
seed for the coming year by an appropria tion of $30,000. I cannot adequately ex press the idea of the benefit and encourage ment which were thus bestowed upon a peo ple who were almost left without hope. A correspondent, in acknowledging the receipt of seed sent him, says: ' The seed is most acceptable, for it relieves, me from a state of hopelessness; but it cannot do me half as much good as it does to know that we have a Government that cares for her distressed people." JoHN DANA, of California, is the discov erer of a new and valuable bean. It made its appearance in his garden two years ago, and attracted attention from its valuable ed ible quality as a green or string bean, and its remarkable productiveness. It is a climb er of the Lima variety, but differing from it in having a pod more rounded and thicker. The bean is white and about the size of a butter bean, and quite as delicate in flavor as the Lima. Last spring the plant threw up sprouts from the root, and he dug around it: giving it ordinary cultivation during the season, and was rewarded with sufficient from this one plant to supply his table with string beans during the season. This is, no doubt, an entirely new variety. Mr. Dana will give the choice plant good culture dur ing the coming season and save all the crop for seed. 'Rocky l untailln H sball an. R. N. SUTITHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1875. IT Is A little surprising how fast the busi anas of wool-growing is gaining in favor With our people. Only a few years ago it wab camparatively unknown; but a few ex periments have proved so successful, that now it Is the most popular branch of busi ness in Montana. Our wool product will soon be an important item in the summing up of our resources. The wool-growers of the Pafic slope are just beginning to learn S.of the free and unequaled pasturage to be 'aund in our Territory, and another season wilL find immense flocks of sheep being driven in. We will be glad to see. them come. The wool-growers of the PTitlef ooast will find a good home here, and will .And pastures that, if properly cared for, will nmprove every year. Here theirflocks, when -once healed of the diseases peculiar to the seotion fromt whence they came, will remain easlthy. We are personally acquainted with a number of persons who have large flocks on CalifornI~ who intend driving herenext a sopn, Something, no doubt, depends upon how the sheep that were driven in this sea fsa winter. Should the fatality from the tuange of climate be small, we will most ikely, have aelarge increase. To expect to drive sheep from such a climate as Califor n·a to this, d ae them hard, bring them in poor, and not IOse any, would be absurd. But if sheep are td early and be allowed to take their time, ere will be as little loss as there would had .ey remained' in their atve climate. " We are glad to see o miners investing in sheep. It looks likG permanency. It looks as though they meanuto identify them selvev with the country,and ~tse or fall with It. They have been long with us, delved .thftlly in our mines, and we are satisfied ,theyeanot invest their hard earnings in a more profitable bustiness.~ is better than two wper cent 'per month. 'The man who -'bM a thw hundred head of eo and a few goodbreed sams, ean, in a few rears, be (o+ e rish. With ordinary mangenpent and reasonable good fortune, he can bardly :tl| togtrclhv It is a sure road tfofou.ue, ~satall, hoi agge In it with anything 'f a ri sonuable start,. may,if they will only ex. Barolclommon business tact and ordinary enwomy, promise' themselves a llbf of com p~erative ease, Ovn Terdtorial Legislature will covPene arelenan. twashrt time, sod in viewof thh. t, the sbeopl sould e Alive to their atee sts. ,tthere stenaan lmspsrtnti sub jwcts A(ppuire serlous ano Eretal atten 40th sa up a alue, w hav too MuiChand now, though saoe Is cotaally neceuaruu, it would be ikr better that we have oensr A st a than that the bstu iess be overdone. The tax payers of the Territory should give their representatives to understand what they expect at their hands. and hold them accountable for their acts. We have confidence in the wisdom and ability of the representatives of Meagher County. Wm. Tierney and Dr. L. Rotwit, members of the lower house, are engaged in merchandising--the former at Canton, the latter at Canyon Ferry. Both of these gentlemen enjoy the full confidence of the respective communities in which they live, and will, we believe, perform the duties de volving upon them in a creditable and prais worthy manner. James Hornbuckle, mem her of the Council, represents our mining and agricultural interests, being himself largely engaged in mining and wool-grow ing. Mr. H. is a man of great resolution, a good reasoner, and of sound judgment; a man who cannot be overruled by sophis try, and who cannot be induced to barter the interests of his constituents for money. With such men as these to represent the in terests of the County, we hope for good results. If other counties have been as for tunate in selecting representatives, we have reason to believe that the interests of our Territory will be greatly advanced by the coming session. The Territory, at present, is in a prosper ous condition; is advancing slowly and steadily towards wealth and importalce, and all that is needed to insure its being, in the near future, one of the most prosp rous of States, is wise and judicious legi lation. Every interest should bhe consider , and every point carefully guarded, keepi g ever in view the fact that too much legisl tion is worse than none at all. Ix another column will be found a article upon the Hellebore, one of the most lncient and valuable plants of which we y ve an accodnt. We clipped it from the Rutal New Yorker, but by an oversight, negl ted to give the proper credit. TERRITORIAL NEWS. From the Montanian. A letter received in this city says 1kr. Jno. B. Hunter, who will be remembered as the party who was purchasing cattle in this Territory last summer for the 'purpose of driving-them to Eastern markets, has ar rived at his home in Greenivile, Ill., and that his speculation was a perfect success. Mr. Hunter is expected to revisit Montana in the spring on a similar venture, and horses and teams have been left behind to be in readi ness for next season's operations. We are glad to note that Mr. Hunter has succeeded in this speculation affd that his profits there from, though not large,. were sufficient to *arrant his continuance of the business. The demonstration of the fact that Montana beef-even with the present mode of trans portation-can be conveyed to Eastern mar kets and a profitl realized upon the transao tion, will be an incentive to other prties to engage in the business, and an impetus will be given to ocir stock-raising interest4 which cannot tail to have a beneficial effect upon the progress and enhance the prosperity of the Territory. We believe that it is'no idle boast that Montana possesses superio ftcili ties for the prosecution of this buwb ess; that her stock ranges, under judicious man agement and control, will turn out as fine beeves as can be raised in the stalls of the Eastern States, and the opening up oft mar ket for this product is the one thing iteeded to make it an important and profitable en terpnrise. If it will pay to ship Mo~ntana beef East now, how much more will it yield to our revenues when the means of trans portation are increased by railroad com munication and carriage ? This is not mere ly the driving of stock by the owners and selling them at prices upon which the as sumed profits imight be estimated at hfgh or low figures, according to the imaginatio of the seller or the value he chooses to place tpon his time and labor; but a casein which an ~asteml apitallst brings his money to the Te¶ritrLt, collects his stock from our ranches, paysthe cash for them, and takes htm to foqlighnarkets and there dispeaes of them, th.D .,be1abled to c0Eputn his gains to the sallestUactlon of pe~ centage, .and establishing a rtle *r the conduct-of it atnre transactijons We think the Importance of Mr. Hunter'j success 9oaet be overest. m~ated, andthat its consummation will open up a new 31 of prosperty eto the stat growers of Montana, We shall be pleased to greet tricr enterprising gentleman on his return to Montana, andthope that his future speculations in this line of business may re sult even more advantageously than this one has done. From the Helena Herald. Rufus Johnson purchased of his brother, B. F. Johnson, a thirtdinterestinn his mining ground at Snow Shoe, known as the Hy dratulic Claim, for the sum of $9,000. Mr. Johnson leaves for the States in a short time. It is reported that his mine netted $40,000 the past season. "Mac," the U. S. Indian prisoner, is lying .at the Sisters' Hospital in a critical condition. Hlls leg (shot through the knee) is literally rotting off, and he tersistently refuses to al low the limb to be amputated, although ad vised by his physicians nearly three weeks ago that the operation would have to be performed to save his life. Amputation now would not save hillm. 'lihe first term of the Helena graded school will begin on Monday, January 3d; 1876, and close on Friday, July 14th. The dedication of the elegant and commodious school building will take place on the 1st prox., with appropriate ceremonies. DMr. John Oaks arrived yesterday from Hellgate with a load of corn me.al from corn grown on his splendid farm, six miles above Canyon Ferry. A band of antelope, numbering about 600, appeared in the Prickly Pear Valley on the 15th. In the afternoon fifteen of our Nimrods went down to slaughtor them. Tne score stood, 2 for Dr. Ingersol, 1 for Col. Woolfolk, and 1 for Sam HIauser, which is still at large, not having been captured at last accounts. Winm. Jack, of the hardware house of Kin na & Jack, recently paid a visit to those thriving and promising mining camps, Phil ipsburg and Butte city. Of the former lihe says that the Northwest company have com pleted their 10-stamp mill, and on Monday Dec. 12th had steam up for the first time. It will be in full blast by the 25th inst. Six hundred tons of high grade ore from their mine-the Trout-is on the dump, which is sufficient to keep the mill running for sev eral months. The IHope Mining Company will also have their mill completed and running within a few weeks, or just as soon as the additional machinery needed can be shipped friom the Helena foundry. During the trip Mr. Jack also visited Butte city, the thriving "Silverado" of Deer Lodge county. The two mills how being built-the How and Farlin-will soon be in operation ; prob ably by the first of January. The town has a population of about 500 which appears to be increasing all the while. Upwards of 150 houses have been built within the past four months. From the Avant Courier. From the Courier, we learn that the ques tion of the navigation of the Yellowstone, and opening of transportation from Boze man to the East has been settled upon. Mr. Story, of that place, has telegraphed his partner, Dr. Lamme, who is now in the East, to purchase, or have built, a suitable boat for the contemplated trade. GENERAL NEWS. From dispatches dated London, Dec, 11th, we learn that the recent disaster at Bremen, by which the lives of fifty persons were lost, was caused by an explosion at the wharf, and not by the boniler of a steam tug, as was first reported, The English police are searching for Char ley Ross among the gypsies of that country. 'The number of hogs packed in Chicago, from Nov. 1st to Dec. 4, was 449,097, against 628,969 in a corresponding time in 1874, and 639,447 in 1873. The closing rates for hogs on Saturday, Dec. 11th, were $6,75; cattle, $6.25; sheep, $4.25. A special telegram to the London Daily News, from Alexandria, says the Abysinians surprised and killed a body of 1,200 Egyp tians, inoluding Seventeen officers. Commodore Vanderbilt has recently' do nated an additional $100,00( to, the Vander b~t University at Nashpvime, 'Tenn, which mrakes $7O0,000inOalt. The prospects for' the extension of the Northern Pacific next year, are reported very ftvorable. -The present bondholders sada t~er immediate freuds wil extend it at least twenty-flvemiles. This is necessary SOQrer tosae tbe charter, Th ommpay do not int~nd to ask aid of the present Co1 gress, and there is no danger that aid will be thrust upon them, though there is said to be a growing feeling of friendship towards the road in the east. The Centennial Committee on Opening Ceremonies have selected Wm. M. Evarts for Orator, H. W. Longfellow for Poet, aind a grandson of Richard II. Lee, of Virginia, for Reader of the Declaration of Independ ence. A diamond, said to be the largest in tlhe world, found at the Cape of Good Hope, southern Africa, and weighing 107 carats, is in the museum of Col. J. H. Wood, Phila delphia. A bill was introduced.in Congress last week, relating to postage on mailable matter of the 3d class. It provides that from the first of January, 1876, the postage on pam phlets, transient newspapers, magazines, periodicals, handbills, posters, unsealed cir culars, proof-sheets, and corrected proof sheets shall be one cent for every two ounces or fraction thereof; and that the postage on other mailable matter remain the same as it is now. Secretary of War, Belknap, gives the ex penditures of the War Department during the last fiscal year at $41,273,275, a decrease of over $1,000,000 from the previous year. lie reports that 1,757,108 rations were issued to sufferers from the ravages of grasshop pers in MIinunesota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Dakota and Colorado. lion. Ira Harris, ex-United States Senator from New York, died in Albany, on Thurs day of last week, aged 73. Secretary of the Treasury, Bristow's esti mates of the expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1875, are $314,612,608. Arrangements have been made by the U. S. Treasury Department for the sale, Dec., 30, of lands in Beaufort Co., S. C., held by the United States for direct taxes. These tracts comprise several thousand acres of Sea Island cotton land. Prof. Douglas, of the Michigan State Uni versity, charges Prof. P. B. Rose, of the same institution, with embezzling nearly $5,000 of the University funds.' Prof. Rose says it is not true. It is reported that the Milwaukee whisky ring will be shown, in the pending trials, to have been, in importance and extent of ope rations second only to that of St, Louis. Arrangements have been completed by the Balttmore & Ohio railroad for a new line of steamers to run between Baltimore and Liverpool, and to be especially designed for carrying grain. On account of troubles in the American colonies in Africa, the President has orderd a min of war to that coast. They grew out of Englishmen supplying slave-traders with war material. It has been estimated by parties in Mil waukee that the operators in. the recent grain corner lost $80,000, on No. 2 wheat. A special telegram from Madrid to the London Daily News. says:' The Spanish note to the United States promises gradual emancipation; increased freedom of con science ; that foreigners when arrested phall have immediate hearing; that legal redress. shall be obtainable for past injuries. Great anxiety exists in Madrid regarding the re-. ception to the note in Washington. The note is Spain's ultimnatum. The Hudson River railroad, for six miles north of the Grand Central Depot in New York, is managed by a system of electric signals, so perfect that no collision or delay can take place so long as engineers observe the signals. Judge Waite positively refuses to be a candidate for the Presidency. 'There were 8,827,810 pounds of bttter, and 1,240,610 pounds of cheese made in Kansas last year. The official canvas shows that the Consti tutional Convention of Colorado will con sist of twenty-four Republicans and fiteen Democrats.. The Virginia, Ne. papers now estimate the thq loss by the recent fire at $10,0,00,00. Insured for $$ S4,0O00. This is. largely in excess of the irst estimate.: The ~ anadian Minister of Agricultre is busily engaged inarranging formc s 'an d de talle for the propeBr distribution of seed prain purchasedlby the Govermnent of t heDo minion for the sufterers by the grasshopper. visitation In Manitoba.