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PATROI' S OF iHUBANDRY.
WE cheerfully invite members of our Order to contributeto thli dcpartmCnt. Short, pointed arti cles for the good of the Order, necws of its progress, o00-operative business pltans, educational mntrercts, etc., especially solicited. DI I.E C T O = Y. NATIONAL GRANGE. MASTER--JOIIN T. JONES, Arkansas. SECRETARY-O. 1I. KELLY. Louisville, Ky. TREASURER--F. M. McL)OWELL, N. Y. TERRITORIAL GRANGE OF MONTANA. MASTER--BRIGHAM REED, Bozeman, Gallatin County, OVERSEER-G. W. BATTERTON, Deer Lodge City, Deer Lodge County. LECTuRER-A. MYERS, Helena, Lewis and Clark County. .STWARD--J. C. LANGDON, Nevada City, Madison County. AsSISTANT STrEWARD-J. UNDERWOOD, Boulder, Jefferson County. CHAPLAIN-G. II. OLDIIAM, Beaver Creek, Jefferson County. TREASURER-II. IY. MOOD, Bozeman, Gal latin County. SECRETARY-J. D. DMcCAMMON, Bozeman, Gallatin County. GATE KEEPER-W. M. WALLACE, New Chicago, Deer Lodge County. CEREs-MRLS. G. W. BATTERTON, Deer Lodge City, Deer Lodge County. PoMONA--MRS. JNO. CULVER, Raders burg, Jefferson County. FLORA-MIRS. A. W. SWITZER, Virginia City, Madison County. LADY ASSISTANT STEWAND-MRS. J. C. LANGDON, Nevada City, Madison Co. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. BRIGHAM REED, Bozeman, Gallatin Co. G. W. WAKEFIELD, " " " DAVID BURT, New Chicago, Deer Lodge County. P. B. MILLS, Boulder Valley, Jefferson, Co. A. W. SW'ITZER, Virginia City, Madison County. W. M. WALLACE, New Chicago, Deer Lodge County. A. F. BURNS, Helena, Lewis and Clark Co. DISTRICT DEPUTIES. 1st District-DAviD BURT. 2d Dlstrict-J. JONE.S. 3d District-P. B. MILLS. 4th District,-A. W. SWITZER. 5th District--J. O. HIOPPING. BEAVER CREEK, M. T. December 20, 1875. j EDITOR HUSBANDMAN : An election was held in Star of the West Grange No. 1, of Meagher county, M. T., on Saturday the 18th inst., the following ofllcers were elected for the succeeding year : Worthy Master, Brother G. C. McFadden; Worthy Over seer, Brother R. M. Provence ; Worthy Lee turer, Brother Jacob Tittman ; Worthy Steward, Brother J. W. Garlington; Wor thy Assistant Steward, Brother Charles Keaton; Worthy Chaplain, Brother John J. Woods; Worthy Treasurer, Brother Job Thompson; Worthy Secretary, Brother J. W. Kemper; Worthy Gate-keeper, Brother Harry Nafus; Ceres, Sister J. J. Woods; Pomona, Sister Laura Keaton ; Flora, Sister Lena McFadden; Lady Assistant Steward, Sister Flora Van Vost. J. W. KEMPER, Sec'y. ANNUAL ADD 68 OF WORTHY GRAND ' ER ADAMS. Patrons: Time foes! One brush of His wings, a deepened w~inkle on the brow, an other thread of silver in the locks, and a year is gone to take its place hin the great army of •the past. TIhe grim, unerring archer has sped his ehafls, striking down alike the high and the "1ow, and given ltheir Iaines and deeds to history. Of the fraternal band which met at George town, at St. Louis and (Charleston, not one has received the dead'y shat,fld we meet to-day with unbroken and augraeuted ranks to labr in this cause. A few familiat and beloved facesae miss fLom their accustomed places, havlng been delegated to other fields of usefutlness. In their stead are new forms, stranuge to *ur sight, but properly recognized as labor era in the same feld, and we cordially ex $~nd to them a fratornil welcome, and will ,.9k them with a patroa's "grip." ·Log only are we pleased to note our old -raek 111, but delighteld to extend them II*p, |noorporate in our fraternal band, the Iutlpandman end mtatron who have cleared mew ields, zn4 sown seed on new ground. Whben aoorsd our voices greet the repre sentatifes of lM'aware and Connecticut, our hands grasp them, our hearts welcome them. By this advent of new members will be brought new ideas and fresh thoughts, and in the work before us we expect of ther, the enthusiasm of recruits combined with the steadiness of veterans. Since our last meeting our Order has sdd ed another year to its eventful existence, It has received the criticisms alike of friend and foe. It has stood like a rock against the buffetings of enemies, and is now looked upon more and more as the bulwark of its friends. It is to-day stronger in numbers, more compact in organization, richer in ex perience and lies nearer our hearts than ever before. Over two thousand suborli nate granges have been organized and two more States have put on our armor and ad vanced to the front to do battle for the good cause. In some localities granges have from vari ous causes languished and died. Sometimes the material of which they were composed was too weak to live, and sometimes they had from uncongenial occu pations no interest in common with our pur poses, Sometimes granges were too close togeth er, and like forest trees planted too thickly, the strong overshadowed and smothered the weak. But, like the forests, this close plant ing forced the survivors to a taller, straight er growth, and their branches stretch out and cover the whole ground. Some granges ,pmplain of a want of interest among the members, and a thin attendance of the meet ings, while others, and by fhr the larger por tion, announce a continued interest. In those cases where a poor attendance is conm plained of, it is universally the case tlhat the otlicers of the grange do not provide (for in structive and interestingsexercises. i It can not be expected of members to attenal regu larly when nothing of interest is transpiring, but wherever the officers make the meetings attractive, the attendance is always good. I beg leave to call once more the attention of the National Grange to this most 'import ant matter of laying down some plan or plans, by means of which subordinate granges may be able to amuse and instruct members so as to make the meetings full, and thus keep their present mecubership and largely increase it. The work of the last year has been done under the constitution as amended at St. Louis, and in the main it seems to be more satisfhetory than betbre, but in a few points, experience has shown that some further change and action is necessary to remove ambiguities. In this connection permit me to call your attention to the comp.sition of the State Grange. Under the old constitution, masters of subordinate granges, and their wives who were matrons were members, and past masters and their wives were honorary member, eligible to office, but not entitled to vote. In many of the States this made a body too large to do business, and too expensive for the means at the command of the Stat Grange treasury. In changing the constitution to its pres ent form the National Grange had mainly in view the reduction of the number of paid voting members of the State Grange, but in advertently the law was so worded as to cut offall past masters and their wives, firom evenl honorary membership, and, of course, from eligibility to office. This appears to be an unfortunate mistake, for it places many of our best, most experi enced and faithful members where we can not avail ourselves of their servicesi It is eminently proper that when a person ceases to be a master of a subordinate grange, thenceforth he should have no vote in a State Grrange, but that the toting members should be the last choice of the subordinate granges, yet it seemns good policy that the direct rep resentatives of the subordinate granges should be able to retain the official services of such past masters as have proved able and true. The last line of the same section is such as to create dqubt i4 the minds of many mem hers, and some have construed this to mean that any master of a subordinate granlge, or his wife, who is not a delegate, is not a m2ember of the State Grange in any sense, and hence ineligible to office. This am biguity should be r novcd by proper amendment. In regard to distric granges, some differ ence of interpretation has arisen concerning the three fourth degree members who may be elected to the district granges. Some States have provided for the election of three members each year, some for the election of three members each quarter, and, under such interpretation they may provide for an election of three members every week or day in the year, thus absolutely endangering the very existence of the subordinate granges by swallowing thlem up in the county grange and at the same time making the county grange so cumbersome as to be valueless and impractical, like the State Grange under the old law. If the present wording of the law really is capable of two interpretations, it should be at once shorn of all ambiguity. There is one feature of our law which has caused some comment by the press and oth ers, they claiming that all fourth degree members should be eligible to all offices in State and National Granges, thus carrying the presumption that all fourth degree mem bers are not thus eligible. The fact is that each member is equally eligible, but our law judiciously provides that before any member can hold office in the State Grange, he must received the highest possible indorsement from his own neighbors who know him best, by being elected to the highest office of his subordinate grange. This places it out of the power of a State Grange to elect to an office in the State Grange a plausible and good talker, who could not be elected gate-keeper at home where he was better known. Our law also very properly provides that before any member can hold office in the National Grange, he must receive the high est possible indorsement of his own State Grange, and thus indorsed by his own State,. and not until then can the National Grange place him in a position of trust. It is a mostjudicious measure of safety, as it gives the State Granges in advance the power to say which of their members shall not hold office in the National Grange. This provis ion is eminently wise, cautious and conserv ative, and will always secure men for office who have experience, and have shown that they possess the confidence of those who know them best. Some also claim that the higher degrees should be accessible to all who would pay a certain fee of membership, thus selling for money to the rich what is now reserved as a reward for long service from rich and poor alike. In obedience to a resolution of the Nation al Grange, the offices of the Order have been renmoved from Washington and located in Louisville. The location may now be considered per manent, for certainly it is appropriate that the headquarters of a great agricultural or ganization should be located in the center of the great agricultural district of our coun try. Being thus established it seems to be eminently proper and wise that this great Order should have a habitation as well as a name. The inquiry is often made of what use is a great fund in the National Grange, and there seems to be a sort of undefinable dread lest some accident should happen to our ac cumulated treasure. I would, therefore, most heartily recommend that the sum no invested in United States bonds be used for tihe erection or purchase of such a building in this city as shall be consistent with the convenience and dignity of the greatest secret society in the world. It will thus form a center to which all pat rons can look as the result of their contribu tions and be an example of solid strength that State and subordinate granges would do well to emulate. Did the National and each State and sub ordinate grange now own and occupy suita ble buildings, it would in itself be almost a sure guarantee of permanence. It shows wonderful vitality in our granges that so many have survived and prospered Swithout any fixed or suitable habitation, but holding their meetings in school-houses, or other buildings that might be temporarily attainable. I have yet to learn of the first fnilure ot a grange which owned and occupied a convenient, comfortable and well-appoihted hall.. No subordinate grange shouldl be for a moment satisfied with its situation until it owns a hall fully furnished with all the con venience of a grange room, including musi cal instruments and a well-selected library. Such granges never die; but rooted iin the affections of their members, they will bestow rich blessings on agriculture long after their founders have crossed the dark river. The question of co-operation in which our members have so deep an interest has re ceived much and careful thought from the Executive Committee of the National Grange, and they will have ready a report which is believed to embody the essence of what the world has discovered of co-op erative principles and practice, and they have endeavored to adapt it to our present wants. This will be submitted to you at an early day. Regarding transportation and a sound cur rency, our members are deeply interested. My own views on these questions have been so fully given in former messages I need not trouble you with their reiteration, further than to say that the convictions before ex pressed are only deepened and strengthened by each passing year. The loan which the National Grange of fered the State Granges has only been called for by a minority of the States, the balance having allowed it to remain in our fiscal agency subject to their call, thus showing an ability on the part of most State Granges to carry on their work on their regular revenue. That the revenue of State Granges is ample for all expenses is shown by the very handsome balances in some of the State treasuries, after meeting all neces sary3 expenses. Indiana and Ohio are nota ble exambles of good financial management, both having plethoric treasuries, the former, especially, containing over $20,000. Such eases are cheering to all good patrons, and bright examples of thrift and economy, which public bodies and private individuals should emulate. The few topics which I have here touched upon are but a little of what will demand your attention. Assembled as we are, frnom every portion of our great republic, we nec essarily represent every phase of American agriculture. It will tax to the utmost your wisdom and prudence to legislate that none be oppressed or none wronged. The relation of National, State and sub ordinate granges to each other is one of the utmost delicacy and should so be handled that the utmost confidence and fraternal good feeling shall be preserved between them, for thus only can our grand edifice maintain its strength and symmetry. The laws regulating their connection should be characterized by a spirit of kind ness and forbearance, and executed with even-handiled justice. Thus shall we beget in all patrons such an 'affection for our Order that they will ever be ready to rally around our altar and defend it from every attack. And, now, patrons, in addressing our selves to the work before us, let us realize that we are the representatives of the great est secret society in the world, and the greatest subordinate interest of the nation. Let us remember that thie welfare of tihe millions may be affected by our slightest dte viation from the true path, and,thus remem bering, let our counils be characterized by wisdom, calmness, justice and love, and may the work done here make us stronger as an Order, more prosperous as producers, dearer friends, and better citizens. The Grange store at Plympton, Massan chusetts, is dloing a business of about $12,000 a year. On September quarter a dividend of 8 per cent. on the shares ihas been declared, besides providing for the sinking uind and 2 per cent. per quarter on purhases. Maj. T. J. Key, of Louisvile, addressed the patrons at Fern Creek, Ky., on tthe 5th inst. In accordance with his suggestion, the members of the varions granges pro vided themselves with grange song books, and sung some of the beautiful and appro priatesongs therein, and found it much cheaper and a great deal more gratifyifig to all concerned, than the employment of a hbrass band.