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FLORIC I LTUR E.
THE7HELLEBORE OR CHRISTMAS ROSE. There are few plants that can boast of more celebrity or ancient history than the Iellebores (lfelflborus). The botanical name of the genus is said to have been de rived from the two Greek words, #elum, to kill, and bore, food, alluding to the well known poisonous properties of the various sp.cies. The Black Ilellebore (H-niger) received its common name, Christmas Rose, in En gland, where it blooms about Christmas; but the other species come into flower later, usudly in March and April. Formerly this plant was quite common in the old gardens of this country, having been b1rought over by the first settlers as a medicinal plant ,once in great repute. But as new tavorites come in the old ones are crowded out, or left to die uncared for, which in some in stances there are good roacons to regret, in asmuch as the history of i plant may throw light upon the history of nations. Of course, :in our "I hurrying" days, we cannot afford to spend much time in looking sUp what our forefathers thought of the plants they had in 'cutivation. Still, a glance bal wards oc casionally in such matters may help us to take a better view of our present situation. Now, this plant, which we will call Black Hellebore, was used as a medicine by a cele brated physician who flourished at Pylos, in Peloponnessus, about one hundred years after the time of Moses. It is said that this doctor, whose name was Melampus, cured the daughters of Prmotus, King of Argos, of mental derangement with Hellebore. From this circumstance it became so celebrated for curing insanity that aovaga ad Antcyrarn became a common proverb among the peo ple, i. e., when one had a crazy friend, he was advised to take him, or her, and "sail to Anticyra," in the Gulf of Corinth, where Hlellebore grew in abundance. The princesses referred to above were or dered to bathe in cold water after taking a dose of the Hellebore. Therefore, there is a possibility that it was the bathing and not the medicine takenl that cured their insanity. This same Dr. Melampus is supposed to be .the first one to have discovered the value of iron as a medicine, he having ordered Iphi clus to take iron rust in his whine for ten suc cessive days.' The ancients used Hellebore to purify their houses, also for snuff, and it is stated that when Carneades, the Cyrenaic philosopher, undertook to answer the books of Zeno, he sharpened his wits by taking a few sniffs of powdered Hellebore, just as some of our latter day professors indulge in pulverized tobacco, and doubtless with nearly similar results. But our Black Hellebore, so celebrated 3,400 years ago has not in the least deterio rated or run out-a fact which it would be well for our numerous believers in the =atural deteriotion of cultivated plants to pake a not of-but appears to be as healthy as ever, haig lost none of its virulent properties dung the long period of domes tication. It is alout time however, that this good old plant received little of the respect and attention due It on aacount of its historical position in floriculture, if not for the beauty of bloom or mnedleina properties of the roots, and we are pleased to learn that some of the florists of Europe are experimenting for the purpose of producing new varieties. In a late number of the Gardener's Chronicle we observe the illustraton of a new Hybrid Hellebore~ produced by M.Igeineman, of Erfiht. This gentleman hastlsed several hy brklsorts of merit, varying a color from a p rple to greenish white. Mar of the latter Ilowers are sprinkled with plun\r'it. Some ~ithe Sepals are fringed, while in other flow era the tubular petals, instead of beL.g in a single row, are in three series. This latter change shows that there is a tendency, iu, these varieties to become double, which af fords us good grounds for predicting that we shall soon have a new race of Hellebores of varions colors. The possibility of, producing hybrids be twe, the various species being established, .o ItPIII is opened for experiment in rais IW ifedngs of merit, as has already been S ithi ).hud.eds qf other kinds of plants, whl·i remained unchanged untill submitted to t~i skillful manipulation of our. modern )ybiddbs. THE DAIRY DEPARTIENT RICHNESS OF MILK AFFECTED BY THE PERIOD OF MILKING. The " Practical Butter Book," recently ls sued ftorn the office of the RuraZ New Yorkc&r is begining to arrest the attention of butter makers, and leading to investigations and experiments which promise to be of great utility. As a specimen of what is growing out of some suggestions in this book, we C give the following from the distinguished Superlntendent of the Ridge Creamery, which we find contributed to the Utic:a Hlc:- F aid. lI says: " I send you the fourth and last test; to be made at the Ridge Creamery this season upon the question of ' col)mpara tive richness in cream of the night's and morning's milk,' as expressed in your week ly of August 17, Prof. Willard. in his ' Practical Butter Book,' on page 53, first c drew my attention to this subject, and I at once concluded to test the old belief that the milk taken from the cow after a night's rest was the richest, or whether it was to be at tributed to the difference in intermission of milking, as shown in Prof. Williard's work. 2 The results obtained incline me to the con clusion thatt the Professor is correct, and if farmers will milk their cows at regular in- 3 tervals of twelve hours, each mess of milk will show equal richness. During the long 3 days of July. and when farmers were busy 3 in the harvest field, tile milk taken from the 1 cow at night, that had been fully fifteen 1 hours in accumulating, required 5.27 pounds more of milk to a pound of butter than the 1 milk drawn from the cow in the morning. 2 In August, as the days began to, shorten, the fanner having less demand upon his time in the harvest field, and ' milking time' 2 Sbecame more equally divided, the difference of production became greatly lessened, be ing only .83 pounds in favor of morning's milking. In September it was nearly equal. the morning's milking being still ahead, but only by .06 pounds. These results you have already published, and I repeat them in this laet communication as a convenient refer ence. Now, in October, as the days have become shortened, and the nights have lengthened. the intermission of milking be coming reversed from the Jaly practice, we find the milk received at night produces a pound of butter from 3.52 pounds less of milk than that received at morning's milking. These are the results obtainied after carefill attention to the time the two messes of milk were received, and in each case the same periods for setting the messes were rigily ad hered to. In a private dairy this experi ment could be conducted with more accurate results than at a creamery, where WOe dan not control nor have the means of ascertain ing the precise time of the two milkings. We can only judge from the difference in the time of delivery. The tests were con sidered worthy of the attention bestowed, and if they prove an incentive to: some one in better circumstances to prove tlhis ques tion, I shall feel the time has not: been use lessly employed." JOxNEs had prepared himself for a home dinner to his liking. He sat down in his dining-room at peace with all the world and said, "Now, Hannah, bring the cold mutton. No hot meat for me this weather." Hannah hesitated for a minute and said, "But I done give it away, sir." "Give it away! Give my dinner away?" "Yes, sir. You said if alny tramps called I was to give them the cold shoulder. WOFMxA's CAPAcITY.-Some people will doubt this assertion by Prof. Blackie in a recent lecture: "A woman is naturally as different from a man as a flower from a tree. She has more beauty and more fragance, but less strength. She will be fitted for tthe rough and thorly walk of the masculine pro fessions when she has got a rough beard, ia brazen front, and a tough hard skin, but L not sooner." , pEoPLE'S 31EAT MARKET. CLQUDY KROFT AT HIS OLD BUSINESS AGOAIN. = Keeps constantly'oni hand the best quality of , BEEF, PORKE, MUTTON ANDSAUSAGE u One door west of usabandman Offeo, SM,. M. . PRICE & CO. Commission Mferchants -AND--- IISA0t RI STATE GRANGE AGENCY, SO. 14 SOUL It COM'L ST., ST. L.OUIS, MO. t Sycc:.1l aiuent:on given to the sa!e of GRAIN, TOBACCO, WOOL, IIIDES, &c. .And to the p)Urchase of p FA1RM, FAMILY AN4 D PI,4. NT. TIOV SUPPLftS. rTHE GRANGE WAGON. The Gran-e Wanon iTt msln.nficn'c in St. Loeu., E of tholrol liiy . :-;oui? I :1lb cr, well i on cO l, andt piut lp b, eN(c; 1'lcd a14i :41 killed wor.null . H a(.0 , 1," of l!.' ' \\'icvh ii i nlllling .ini 'l '2in ()1l the adeIC; of l u bod. Av e aic ,tlc only p1,iO ýho It c:ln n!l.l! ltlI't1 ai, W;11 4 1(4-(1 Wll cau io al , Sp:relic.; iniut1te-'l to ho\\?'Vle of iU!Ofl None ut gcnCluine i hout "hlThed I '(,a.ic tiffod, P. of II.'' ini nlfloog'oIinl 1'o(rn1 oin Ihl sidec, anitL ouLr 1.1llie Oil the front of the body. P RICS ON IBOARD CITl 01 BOAT IN ST. LOL'TS : 1 \V'I Ioth \V' wi ih- Price body. out body. 2 3-4 in. Thimble Skein, 1- 15001b. - - 792 lbs. 5641bs. $56 00 S3 in. Thimble Skein, 2 hoe, ceerrie. ie 1800 11 837 " 000 ' 8 00 1- 3 1-4 in. Thilmble Skein, ie:y 2-hor._ce, carries 0000 S 24001bs. - 033 " 638 " Co000 3 1-2 in. Thinble skein, • 3-h'ce.carries32001bs. 1016 , 756 " 62 00 3y 33-41 'I'lln. ibile Skein, 4-h' se,c:r-ie. 40001b-. 1136 " 864 " 70 00 C 11-2 in. iron :x. light 2 11 h'.c, cariec 100 lbs. 810 " 573 " 62 00 15-8 in.iron ax., 2-h'so, is carries 2000 lbs. 860 '. 063 " 64 00 13-4 in. iron ax., light3 he I'se, carries25001bs. 995 " 74,6 " 8 00 2 in. iron ax., 4-h e, carries 4000 lbs. - 1234 " 952 ' 80 00 , when bodies are not wantcd with above wagons, deduct $12 50 each. W'ghtcomplete. Price. 2 1-4 in. Thimble Skein, 1-h'lle 475 lb, $40 00 21-2 in. ,, , ' 500 " 42 00 1 1-4 in. Iron Axle, 1-horse, l.5 '' 44 00 p_ 15-8in. 500 " 416C0 Pole and double trees for 1-horse wagons extrn, $8. Spring setts, $4 50 extra ; Patent brakes, $4 50 I extra ; bows, 75 per set extra; feed troughs, $1 50 extra; wagon-sheets, heavy, 10x14 feet, $5 50 extra. it NOTE.-Slate whether wide or narrow track wagons are wanted. IS FORM OF WARRANT. We warrant the Grange Wagon of our brand, sold - to -----to be well made and of good seasoned t, timber. Any breakage, with ordinairy usage, with" in one year from this date, resulting from bad work 1I I C manshlp or defect in material, we agree to have re= e Spaired or replaced without cost to purl'clller. WM. M. PIucn & Co. re St. Louis, , 187 . a DUMP CARTS. k W'ght, complete. Price. 3 1-2 in. Thimble Skein. 525 lbs. $35 00 3 3-4 in. '' 550 " :16 00 il 1 1-83 in. Iron Axle. 525 '' 35 00 Ik 234 in. ' 575 " 38 00 te SPRING WAGONS. d- SPRING WAGON, WITIH COMMON WHEELS. 1 1-8 inchIron Axle, 1 1-8x5-16 iCpll tire, 3 springs Ci- (front spring 11-2x4 inch leaf, hind spring, 11-4k3 te inch leaf,) bed 6 feet long by 3 feet wide, I seat ahd I cushion 11- With shaft, - - - $112 00 With tongue, . - - - - 115 00 With shaft and tongue, - - - ,' 125 Ot) s. 11-4 inch Iron Axle, with springs and work in pro* portion, $8 higher than above prices. 11- SPRING WAGON, W1TII PATENT WHEELS. l'l-8nch Patent Iron Axle, 1 1-4x5-16 Inch tire d, springs 1 1-2x5 inch leaf and 1 1-2x3 inch leaf, bed t 6 feet long and 3 fbet wide, leather dash board, 1 seat and 1 cushion- 'S- With shaft, - - - - - $125 00 With tongue, - - - -128 00 With shaft and tongue, - - - - 135 00 11-4 inth Patent Iron Axle, with springs and work in proportion, $8 higher than above paices. ne BUGGIES. lis OPEN TOP BUGGY-PATENT WHEELti. 1d inch Patent Iron Axle, 1 1-4x3 inch leaf springs. leather dash beard, cushion and fall, square body . and finished in good style, - - - $130 00 TOP BUGGY-PATENT WHEELS. ne 1 inch Patent Iron Axle, 1 1,4x3 inch leaf froit spring and 11-4x4 inch leaf hind spring, leather dVe ashlboard, cushions and fall, shifting top, roof i f of top rubber, balance of top leather, finished in good style, - - -- - $230 00 h We have'our Wagorls and BuIggies made in St. Louis. They are handsomely finished, and we guarantee them to be made of the very best material. If you want a Spring Wagon or Buggy that is neat ll and durtpble, send us yohr order. WM M. M. PRICE & CO. No. 14 South Commercial St., St. Louis, Mo. as Nov25-75-tf. e SIIERIFF'S SALE. James Hornbuckle & Sam ro- uel Marshall rd, John Tombs. 3Ut To be cold at Sheriff's Sa e, on the 24thofDece m ber, A. D 1875, at the front-door of the Court House in Diamond City, Meagher county Montana STerritory, between the hours of 9 o'clock, A. ., and 5 o'clock, P. x., of said day, the east one-half of the northwest quarter, and the west one-half of the northeast quarter of Section fourteen lit Town ship ten north of Range one west, together with all and singular the tenements, hereditaments and ap puaten~ances thereunto belonging or in anYwise ap pertaining also, one small water ditch and water right thereto belonging, taken out of Magpie Gulch on the south side thereof 'near the old crossing of said gulch; also, one water ditch and water r7ght G;E taken out on the north side of said Magpie Gculh: above the head of the two following ditoies in salA gul.h.; also two ditches constructed on the south sMide of MagLe Gulch, convtying the waters of said gulch to the premises known as theToombs' Ranch. T. J, IFEMING, 8herit. December 4th, 1f.7.-8w MINERS' OUTFITTING STORE. W. F. HAASE, Dealer in Groceries and Hardware, DIAMOND CITY, MONTANA. Keeps cont:uany on hand Pure Liquors, California Wine, Case Li , uors; CIGAIRS AND 'TOBACCO, EVAPO[C'rATED AND DR ED FRUI'TS, Shirts, Overalls, andcl Gum Boots. STATIONERY, NUTS AND CANDIES, Paint:s, and Oils, DRUGS A ND IVIED TCINES, TOILET ARTICLES, IE:., Etc. Antd, in f:rl. : ',il a-mitl.rl o c\tl \vh'ng u1s - wV . . IIAASE. ROCKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN, A first class Weekly Journal, devoted to AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, STOCK RAISING, WOOL GROWING, AND THE 0 Industrial and Educational Interests of Sthe Great North-west. d WITH A HOME DEPARTMENT, Filled with choice selections and contributions from good Authors, and a general revicw of passing events, Mineral and Scientific News, comprising in all to make it THE BEST FAMILY NEWSPAPER M) Published in Montana: Persons desirous of send. )0 ing a paFer to their friends in the States will nd it to be just what they want, as it ktill contain, from time to time, a full ,and complete account of ~I manner, cost and result of d FARMING, 9ARDENING AND FRUIT 1 CULTURE IN EVERY SECTION OF OUR TERRITORY. 1 Together with the best information concerning o~r great Pastoral advantages and Water Privileger. 00 Also, statements of experiments in 00 00 rk WOOL AND STOCK GROWINg(i Showing the profit to be realized. EverythiO. s, given from a RELIABLE souRCE. AS an ADVERTISING MEDIUM, fit tof It will have no equal in ih'< Territory, since it is t1e in only paper that will be read by all industrial classes, 00 and universally by fiarmers and stock men. We it. Will endeavor to we 21. lat Protect 'Our Patron. Against articles of doubtful utility and 1rresponslbbz - firms. Our friends in the East may tely upon the information given by the ROCKY MOoVTAIN HUM BANXDMAN, respecting the Superior Advantages Montana Offers m urt na To those seeking homes. . The Patrons of Husbandry will bear in mind'tha: 5j1- the HUSBAIIbNAN was, by a unaimous vote of the of First Annal Session of the in PT ERRITORIAL GRAN4K4E , ter of adopted as the medium for communicating wit"1. ght members of Subordinate Grangea, and, that meber~ of that body were earnestly requesat.di labor and sustainvit. ui TER o :-4 O0 per annum. ch. Single Copies, Ten Cents. SR. N. SUTHEIUN, Editor and 0Propitor.