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Rocky lountain Hunbandman.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1876. IT is WELL, no doubt, for the world, that men differ in opinion, for it is only by dis cussion and the comparison of views that correct conclusions are arrived at. Discus sion for such purposes, is wise and prudent, but it is useless to try to convince any per so0. against his will. Hence we shall not attempt to convert the Missoulian to our way of thinking; but we are here to defend the interests we advocate from any and all attacks-to stand sentinel upon the tower and give the alarm when the omens please us not, and if need be, do battle in their cause. We are glad our friend has been so frank as to admit the major part of our prop osition, but he errs greatly if he thinks that business co-operation among the farmers is a failure; in proof of this we need but refer him to our correspondence signed "Sy," which we published last week. As to the price of sewing machines, that was reduced before the expiration of the patents. But we merely cited this because most familiar. We might have enumerated hundreds of articles. Mowers, reapers, threshers, and nearly every other agricultu ral implement, has heen reduced in price to the farmer, while the manufacturer realizes the same profitas before. Our logical friend will do well to guess again. And perhaps, he would do well to inquire of his neighbors as to how they are succeeding, before mak ing such seemingly astounding assertions. There is a disposition on the part of some newspapers to create a feeling of antagon ism between all other classes and the farm ers, and especially those who are members of the order of Patrons of Husbandry. They insinuate that the Order is composed of croakers and grumblers, whose chief merit is to complain of their grievances. But the trnt is, it is composed of the very best farm ers in America. It is a condition which they have been forced to accept through necessity All other classes were organized, and con sequently they were compelled to take this step to protect their interests. And in their organized capacity, are quietly pursu ing their vocations without any attempt to regulate the business of others. They are not attempting to infringe upon the rights and privileges of any other class, and are satisfied with preventing other classes from infringlng upon their rights. If they make a mistake, they alone will suffer for it,. While they will no doubt thank their well wishers for their good ad vice, it is certainly their prerogative to ac cept it or not as they think proper, THE people oi Helena are kind, courteous and attentive to the Legislators and throng of visitors in their midst. We had the pleas uire of attending one of the soirees of the Pioneer Club. .The hall was spacious, mu sic excellent, ladies abundant and exceed ingly bewitching, and joy intense. We were almost captivated by the charms of city life. For while it is honorable and all that to be from the rural districts, it is pleasant enough to be a city gent. Monday morning we' took the coach fbr Radersburg. It was rather an airy berth on the boot of the coach, but we always liked the, open air, and this time it was both choice and necessity, as the inside was full. It was quite cold-about 22 o below--but ourfellow travelers were each well provided with a " spirit thermometer," and although as the day advanced the spirits continued to go down, until they were imperceptible, still our party were kept warm with mirth and merriment. On leaving the dinner station, our little party took possession of the coach and elected us to hold the strings, but at the same time signified to our good-nattued driver. that we meant no offense, but were merely out on a little North Pacific tear. We really believe that the coach was drunk, from the way it topled Rom side to side, but it kept on its wheels ahAour team on the go. The essence of corn and rye stirring the souls of pur pessengera, swvelled forth it the tner euit of song as we jostled along. W6 reached Radersburg In due. time. F. ]~ da'rk's teams are fat and allwayS, make It m tihme. Radersburg, the. couny' seat of Jefferi n county, is well located at the head 9f Crowfew k valley, in a rather cozy,.slel terecl situation, but like most of the mining towns, its glory has began to wane. There is still a good business done here. The town consists of several stores, two or three saloons, a livery stable, blacksmith shop, two good hotels, and quite a number of neat private residences; also, a fine court house, school house, and a well conducted school of twenty-five or thirty scholars ; also, an interesting Sabbath school. Radersburg is situated favorably to became a place of con siderable importance. A broad, fertile val ley on one side, and a rich region of mines of silver and gold on the other, and situated on a great thoroughfare between Montana's eastern Metropolis and the Capital. A brighter future, no doubt, is in store for it than is to-day anticipated. Tuesday we loitered about town, calling on old time friends, and Wednesday, return to Helena. We found the city, upon our re turn, in a fever of excitement upon the rail road subject. A large delegation had just arrived from Bozeman hot for the North Pacific. But strange to say, a number of IIelena's wildest railroad fanatics, who but a few short months ago, cried " railroad we must have regardless of cost or consequen ces," were off on economy and reform, mak ing long arguments about bankruptcy, end less taxation, and the woe and misery which would be entailed upon our people by loan ing our credit to the railroad. "0 ! consis tency, thou art a jewel !" The little circle with its narrow gauge, and an outright mill ion and a half subsidy, is growing beauti fully less. We agree with our narrow gauge friends as to the danger attending the deal ing with corporations ; the lamentable efifect often produced; the taxation, etc., that threatens. If the North Pacific proposition be a steal, it will bankrupt the country. Voting a million and a half to the Utah Northern could not do less. Therefore, let us invest where there is a show to get our money's worth, and where there is a possi bility of escaping the dire calamity referred to. We believe that the North Pacific has friends enough, provided the Governor's sig nature can be secured-that is, should the interests of the people be properly guarded -to secure aid for it. Friday morning we took the coach, and before the sun had reached the snowy peaks of the western range, were at home. This demonstrated the fact that',. B. Clark's line is a first-class one, making as good time as in summer. IN referring to the spirit of the Territorial press upon the proposition of the Northern Pacific Railroad, the Bozeman Times says: " The HUSBANDDIAN, claiming for itself the special organship of the Grangers of Mon tana, throws cold water upon the project." We supposed the Times understood plain English, but from the above our readers will naturally be inclined to decide to the con trary. If the revelation of facts regarding the frauds that have been perpetrated upon the people by railroad companies, assisted by corrupt legislators, has anything to do with the North Pacific proposition, it is more than we were aware of. Should the North Pacific representatives have taken exception to our words of warning, while we had the charity to accord to them hon esty of purpose, we should have had doubts -for honesty does not care to be properly restrained, and theft needs to be. In making a trade it is the privilege of both parties to do the very best they can, and few men will declare their readiness to accept a bargain when the party with whom they are dealing indicate a willingness to do better. We did not jump at the proposition of the North Pacific, because they plainly stated it was not an ultimatum. We do not retract a single sentence. History raises its warning voice to the people, saying, beware of railroad companies! They are powerful monied corporations. They have controlled our halls of legislation and have traduced our tribunals of justice. It is almost impos sible tQ get a decision from the Bench that is not colored by their influence, and to sit quietly by and allow a people to tie their own hands, without parading these facts be fore their understanding, is worse than criminaL We declared ourselves plainly in-favor of extending aid to the North Pacifio; pro vided, suitable safeguards be thrown around the interests of the people, to ensure them what they expect fkom the propositions and what the railroad company hold out that they shall receive. Like-propositions here tofore have always been fair upon their face, but in the cunningness of their construction the fatal trap has been laid. These things are purely business transactions in which both parties are equally concerned, and should either get the best of it, it is consid ered legitimate. Hence, the necessity of be ing cautious in guarding our interests. It is generally understood that the farm ers, and the farmers' movement, are op posed to railroads, but such is not necessari ly the case. They are antagonistic to whole sale plunder and high-handed robbery of which some railroads are guilty. And, al though we accord to the North Pacific hon esty of purpose and uprightness in dealing, it is well to remember the words, " lead us not into temptation," and leave no hinge or loop to hang doubt upon-no weak points which will subject us solely to the honesty of the company and their successors. There is not a man in Montana who has her dearest interest at heart, but will hail with joy the resumption of work upon the North Pacific,'and but few who are not will ing to extend any aid that we reasonably can, to assist. And, while we think that this can and will be done and shall lend our aid to it to such an extent as we deem wise and prudent for the Territory, we will not shut our eyes to the lessons of experience, nor in wild enthusiasm for results to be at tained by the carrying of the project to suc cess, forget the disaster to which a failure to comply with the stipulations would subject us. We have an abiding faith in this great highway from the great lakes to the Pacific, and also in the rich agricultural and mineral region through which it will pass. Let it but start forward again, and the strong arm of Civilization from Montana will go forth to meet it. The country along its line will stir with life and activity, and their immense land grant be to them a source, ot untold wealth. LAST week we gave an account of what we thought to be a large calf, but from the following it will be seen that a Marylander has beaten us by several pounds: The Frederick (Md.) Examiner says : " Mr. Ezra Houck, Jr., residing about two miles northeast of this city, near Worman's Mills, has a cow that lately gave birth to a calf which weighed, when ten hours old, 180 pounds." LIST OF LAWS ENACTED THIS SESSION. Our correspondent at Helena furnishes us with the following enactments that become laws before and including January 25th, 1876 : C. B. 7.-Fixing the pay of County Com missioners at six dollars per day on Contingent Fund, and ten cents per mile mileage. C. B. 12.-The Cullen Printing Bill. C. B. 14.-Provides for the redemption of the finded debt of Missoula county, and for the payment of the interest on their bonds. H. B. 17.-Authorizing the transfer of the surplus money of one fund to another, except school fund. H. B. 18.-Repeals the law authorizing the Auditor to cause to be printed 500 copies of the Auditor and Treas urer's report at the expense of the Ter ritory. H. B. 19.-Provides for the payment of the entire indebtedness of Missoula county. This is the same law that was enacted several years ago in the State of Nevada for Storey, Humboldt and other coun ties. i. B. 29.-This repeals the law requiring counties to pay costs in divorce cases, where the woman is unable to pay the same, but allows her to prosecute her action without costs, Contracts for public printing made to date are: Territory and Lewis and Clark county..........., .... Independent Deer Lodge. county.......... Neu North- Weat Madison and Beaverhead counties..................... Madisorran Meagher county........... Huasbandman Gallatin county ............... Bozman Timee -INew NQrt4- Wct8& - GENERAL NEWS, The Turks have been compelled to retreat. The West St . Louis Savings Bank has fail ed. A destructive fire is reported from Mont M gomery, Alabama. It is reported that the entire South will re fuse to participate in the centennial. Carlists are concentrating their disorgan ized forces in the Bas Pyrenes. The legislature of New Jersey has refused to tax church property. Two hundred and twenty thousand dol lars has been subscribed to the Lee Monu ment Fund. Forty thousand pounds went into the Bank of England on balance day. Lena Edwards, the actress, is to marry a son ofex-Governor Hoffinan, of New York. Mr. Windom, from the Senate Commit tee on Transportation reports in favor of im proving the Upper Missouri. Montana Indian agencies are to be placed under Ithe exclusive direction of general Gibbon. Charles O'Connor is rapidly regaining his health, and now able to ride out. An attempt was made to rob the night express going east from Chicago on the night of January 26th. The car contained $270,000 in currency, and over $125y000 in bullion. In the recent North Iampton bank rob bery, $670,000 in securities were taken, most of which belonged to special depositers. Johnathan Earle, Treasurer of the Nor folk and New Brunswick Hosiery Company, is a defaulter to the amount of $142,000. HIe has turned over property and other securi ties sufficient to cover the defalcation, but I the latter are not convertable at the pres ent time. War is imminent between Guatemala and San Salvador. Both countries are arming. A government commission has been ap pointed to examine the Panama Railroad.. Heavy suits for violation of contract have been commenced, and the Columbian Gov ernment threatens to demand abrogation of the contract. Oliver A. Patton, Register of the Land Office at Salt Lake,\ and Gen. Maxwell, United States Marshal for Utah, are in Washington, trying to secure.a revision of the jury law, by which polygamists shall be excluded from service as jurors The Presi dent is said to sympathize with the move ment. The authorities of Massachusetts have tel egraphed to Representatives Harris and Pierce at Washington, asking their influence with the Minister from Holland to induce him to have delivered to our Government the body of Winslow the fugitive $600,000 forger. The $1,500,000 Centennial appropriation is likely to pass the Senate. On January 28, Adolphus Moore was fa tally shot by Geo. W. Swepson, at Haw riv er, N. C. H. H. Starkweather, representative from Connecticut, died in Washington on the morning of the 28th ult.. Prof. Seelye's proposition to transfer the control of the. civilized Indians whose reser vations are in the States to State govern ments meets the approval of the Indian Commission. E. C. Watkins, U S. Indian Inspector, has visited each of the capitals, in the Indian Territory. He has seen leading men in each of the different nations, and re ports the schools in a flourishing condition, with a good attendance of scholars. A freight and passenger transportation line is to be put on between Fort Pierre, on the Missouri river, and the Black Hills mines, a distance of 100 miles. A Chicago Tribune special fromn. Lincoln, Neb., says that large bodies of men, bound for the Black Hills, are passing through every day. A plan to rob the Adams Erxpress Com pany has been discovered and thwarted in New York (ty. Minnesoia is petition~ig Congress for an appropriation to improve the Red River of the North. The eighth annual conentim of the Wo man's National Suftage Association began at Washington, on the agth ult. The Secretary of the Treasury does no believe that the back interest caJ be collect e 1 from the UniQn Pacifo ailroad company