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Rocky Mountain husbandman. (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, February 03, 1876, Image 4

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025309/1876-02-03/ed-1/seq-4/

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"Spotting " sheep consists in placing the
sheep's head into some stationary yoke and
doctoring such spots on the sheep as can be
discovered to be affected by the scab. The
yoke may be made of the forked limb of a
tree; or, take a 4x4 scantling and spike on
two 2x4 pieces with holes bored through the
same ; have a peg or bolt that can be insert
ed freely into these holes, so as to keep the
sheep from disengaging his head or neck
from the yoke after he has been placed in
position. The yoke is to be set firmly into
the ground or into the floor of the place
where the work is to be done. Next inspect
the sheep for scab thoroughly, and with a
swab dipped into the wash, rub all places
that show trace of scab, or even look sus
picious-for it is easy to overlook a patch
the size of one's hand if the operator be not
up to his work. A sheep whose fleece is
yet entire may be quite scabby and need
only a few weeks to loose large patches of
wool, yet to the casual observer there may
be nothing wrong. These places in the wool
are lighter colored than the balance of the
fleece, and have a dried-up, white appear
ance, that one may soon learn to detect as
readily as he would were the wool off and
an ugly sore formed. Either in spotting or
dipping sheep, I would see that all bad
places, that were sore or scabby, as the term
would imply, should get an extra allowance
of doctoring. Some advocate rubbing or
scarifying the parts with a curry-comb until
they bleed. This looks cruel, but I would
do it if I had any doubt that the liquid was
thoroughly penetrating every part of the
wool clear to the skin. I found it conveinent
to use an ordinary mechanical oil-can filled
with coal oil. .With this, the. oil can be
squirted into such places, and then a slight
kneading or rubbing in with the fingers will
cause it to penetrate all parts. In fact, for
spotting sheep coal oil, if not considered too
expensive, is one of the best applications
for scab.
From this account of the process, it will
be seen that spotting is at best only a half
way plan for doing the work. I have seen'
open-wooled sheep do quite well when treat
ed by this method. Still, one is always in
doubt as to its thoroughness. When scab
has once appeared it is better to "dip" the
whoop eaoh spring, oontinuing.it for a season
or two after the affection appears to have'
been eradicated from the flock and from the
range. Hence, it Is better to prepare at once
for dipping; just as one prepares shearing
pens, etc. For the new hand must bear in
mind that, no matter how lucky some of his
older neigbors may appear to be keeping'
down scab in their flocks (which, perhaps,
are of common or open-wooled sheep), still,
as the new flock goes on improving each
year, particularly if breeding up in either
of the merino varieties, the owner is liable
to become digusted at times with the im
perfect success of his efforts to keep down
scab by spotting.- E.
A New York Sun reporter *has been al
lowed a peop at Mr. Robert Bonner's noted
trotters, which have returned fr n his farm
near Tarrytown, and have taken Winter quar
ters at his stable on Fifth avenue. In the
first spacious box-stall of the commodious
stable stands Dexter, the acknlmowledged
monarch ofthe turf. Dexter waS never in'
better condition being.as fresh athd spirited'
as a three-year-old coat. His acJ1evements
on the turf, as is known to all the world,
have never been equaled. Mr. Bonner, at
one time offered $100,000 for' any horse in
the world that would equal htisperformance
on the turf, In the next stall stands Graf
ton, ,sorral gelding, 8ix years old, with a
white #trips in his face, and stands sixteen
hands an::a quarter of an inch high. With
splendid girtlh loins and thighs he is coa
sidered the best six-year-old colt in Amer
lea. Next stands Jae Elliott, the brown
gelding, nearly sixteen hands high. His
fine style, great strength, and bold, spright
ly action are considered remarkable. He
trotted in public over Fashlon eourse, in
S19. Next in order is the .-1 ia
Poeahoatas, by Ethan Allen, out 'f 'ti.s
ebrated pael. g lmare,, noc.. .t ;lMr.
Bonner prehaped her in Bostanr of 'Mr.
EphrIain $ineens, at a uspar aou ie,
hortily at r she had made t amºw4lk %
Mr. Bonner has refused $60,000 for her, of
fered by Dan Macc, who desired to put her
on the turf. Mr. Bonner has, besides, eight
other trotting horses of the finest blood in
the country. They include such famous
trotters as the bay stallion Edward Everett,
sire of Judge Fullerton, Joe Elliott, Flat
bush Maid, Tanner Boy, Everett Ray, Lady
Palmer, Peerless, Princess Mambrino, Ber
tie, Stilletto, Lady Hughs, Lady Murphy,
Kate and other trotters of note. Mr. Bon
ner's stable of trotters is the best and most
costly in the world. He has more money
invested in horseflesh than any other man
A writer on Agriculture says of white
Whether a defect or not, I believe white
feet are an indication of blood. It you look
at the " Trotting Register," and Forrester's
" Horses of America," you will find that
out of twenty-five plates of horses, twenty
of them have more or less white about their
feet. Such horses as Dexter, Lexington,
and Pocahontas have four white feet. Ethan
Allen has three.
While visiting the breeding establishment
of Mr. Steele, near Philadelphia, where is
HIappy Medium, one of the best stallions
this country affords, I noticed in one yard of
about a dozen colts, only one without white
We quote this in order that our
readers may form their own opinion as to
its value, but we must object to the follow
ing, from the same authority :
The best remedy for an interfering horse
cannot control his limbs if he naturally in
terferes. The worst, though not the most
inveterate interferer I ever knew was cured
in one month by regular use and high feed
We have always regarded interfering as a
defect in the form or structure of the animal
bht must admit-that it always seemed worse
when the animal is tired fr'om a long jour
ney or a hard day's work.
DIPPING.-" Dipping " sheep, as the term
implies, consists in submerging. the whole
animal in the liquod or wash used for the
scab. For this purpose a box or trough of
appropriate size is used to hold, the liquid.
After being dipped the sheep is;to be' taken
out and placed on a shelf or platform near
at hand, set at such an inclination that the
liquid, as it drains off the, animaf, shall flow
back into the dipping trough. Where a
large flock is to be dipped a platform or pen
is usually arranged large enough to accom
modate fifty to one hundred sheep at a time,
the floor so inclined that the liquid that
drains off them will flow back into the dip
ping trough. The trough is also so, ar
ranged that the sheep may be driven
through it, thus obviating the neessity, of
catching and, holding each animal. . ach
shepherd has, of course, his own ideas of "
pen and dipping-trough, andcI.9uly give my
own for what they may be worth.--Record
Until within the last few years it has not'
been the custom to offer prizes at our fairs'
for fast walking horses, and yet it is madiii
_est that for the plough, long 'journeys in
tlie saddle--still so common in districts re
mote from 'ailways and without good roads
-a fast Walk of forr, five, or six miles an
hbur; is the most desirable gaita horse can
po'ssess, and we are g:ad 'to see this fact
recognized by the -Agricultural Committee
of the Centennial by the ofTbr of prizes for
fihst-walking' horses. The 6Ldondon 'Fi8il.
commends the action of the committee, iid
the eclitorial,a 4 ,portion: of which ie publish,
and which foes t. show that' tiary .Of the
iihost not e: race-hbrses have been fist walk
ers. It says: '
Yetr ~re confess thdt we sytipathize with
their deteriinatlior tw '.ke ' prizes for fast
walking horses. Many of the behost judge
of horseflt1i that the.# Wilands have pro
duced were of 'the opiln i th.t :if a horse
cooild walk Well the iuda.do, ill things well.
When Telldlngt i, A.ra.dite, $reha, The
Ban, and Coufes ire adl yearlings to
;'her at Leybourf " OYEnge.. Sir Joseph
g wley's groom, Taitdd, mid thatkTeddtng
top would prove " the ,ltI of the basket,"
at ie could outwalk l 4i lthe is. Fobert,.
the rier ofd FaI 'hitmiiau aind Va
`romiy;'a 'arett t ' e'w'et its fats. ~i~asb
walking race-horses. Every hunting-man.
who has had occasion to jog home at night
on the back of a tired hunter, is aware what
a blessing it is to bestride a good walker
and sprightly trotter, instead of an animal
Who "' kicks a six-pence before him at every
step." Nothing is better known than that
proficiency in certain gaits is hereditary in
horses, no less so than are distinctive types
of features in numan families.. Touchstone
and Orlando, the grand-sire and sire of Ted
dington, were themselves famous walkers,
and if the prizes for walking distributed at
Philadelphia, tend to draw the attention of
English breeders to the development of ex
cellence in this gait, the Centennial will not
be held in vain. Be this, however, as it
may be, a vast majority of the British peo
ple watch the recurrence of the hundredth
anniversary of American Independence
with cordial interest and satisfaction; nor
can it be doubted that the contingent of vis
itors sent this year by England to the
Centennial at Philadelphia will far sur
pass the aggregate contributed by all the
other civilized nations.-Tuirf, Field aud
nary surgeon, draws attention to the liabili
ty of horses and cattle suffering from indi
gestion, brought about by the consumption
of forage in a humid or musty state. It is
from over-leeding this complaint is ordinari
ly produced, or the too rapid transition from
dry to unlimited green food. Another very
common cause is the putting animals to
work immediately after their feed. The
giving of chaff and the refuse of the thresh
ing machino is also another source; as well
as excessively cold water ; and, above all,
allowing the animals to drink the water of
marshes. A little salt or a handful of meal
is excellent in the drinks. Old animals
ought never to be given too much food at
once, and it should be mixed with a little
straw. When the horse shows symptoms
of indigestion-restlessness, suddenly refus
ing food, resting on one leg and then on an
other, the head drooping and seeking the
left flank, its excrements either hard or li
quid, etc.-an excitant, as three ounces of
kitchen salt, or a.glass .of gin in a bottle of
water, will afford relief, or an infusion of
comomile or sage. In case pain exists, two
spoonsful of laudanam will prove beneficial.
Of course, soap injections, friction, and
fumigation are not to be overlooked. Bleed
ing. in case of grave indigestion becomes
mortal.-Cor. Lancaster Farmer.
Fine Stock Breeders' Association, at a recent
meeting decided to be represented at the
Centennial, and for that purpose, in August
next, will be held an exhibition of the finest
animals to be procured. A competent and
disinterested jury will select duplicates in
each class, which will be sent to the Exposi
,tion, where they will be exhibited in the
name of the owner, but at the August Fair
all animals will be entered and known only
by numbers.-Journal of Agriculture and
. ERD BOOK.--The publishero, of the
"American Shorthorn Herd k "'' an
nounce that the time up to which pedigrees
for the 15th volume has been extendeq. In.
sending any pedigrees the volume in which
the damps have been recordetdshould be men
tioned. L. F. Allea, q1192' Niagara street,
Buffalo, N. Y., is the editor, with W. T.
Bailey, of the same city, assistant editor.
Honsms, says one, of our exchanges, can
be educated to. the extent of their under
standings as wellas children, and can be
easily damaged or ruined by bad manage
ment.' We believe the great difference found
ia horses, as to various habits or reliability,
conmes much more from the different man
agement of men than from variahce of nat
ural dispositions ii the animals. Horses
with high metal are much more easily
educated than tbole of less or dull spirits,
and are more susceptible to ill training, and
co&nsequently may be made good or bad ae
cording to the education they receive.
\ JORSES, though docile and gentle, are
thnd and nervous; noise and violence will
bnly~aiggravate their terior if once roused,
but they'ean be soothed if a man bas the
senseaid temper to go about his tasl ii the
right war
Designated Depository of the United States.
S. T. HAUSER, - - - - President.
D. C. CORBIN, - - - - - Cashier.
T. II. KLEINSCHIIDT, - Ass't. Cashier.
We transact a general Banking business and buy at
the highest rates,
And Local Securities; and sell
Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers.
Available in all parts of the United States and Can
adnas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent.
Collections made and proceeds remitted promptly.
Helena, January 20, 1876-tf
Cornrnission 1Merchants
Special attention given to the sale of
And to the purchase of
The Grange Wagon is manufactured in St. Louis
of thoroughly seasoned timber, well ironed, and
put up by experienced and skilled workmen.
We have adopted as our trade ma:rk, The Grange
WVagon, P. of H.," which is in monogram form on
the sides of the body. VWe are the only parties who
can manlutheture this wagon, and we caution all
parties interested to beware of imitation's. None
are genuine without '' The Grange Wagon, P. of H.''
in monogram form on the sides, and our name on
the front of the body.
W't with W't with
body. out body. Price
2 3-4 in. Thimble Skein,
light 2-horse, ctrries
15001bs - - - 792 lbs. 564 lbs. $56 00
3 in. Thimble Skein, 2
horse, carries 1800 lbs 837 " 609 '" 58 00
3 1-4 in. Thimble Skein,
heLavy 2-horse, carries
21001bs. - - 933 " 688 " 60 00
3 1-2 in. Thimble skein,
3-h'so.a rries 3200lbs. 1016 '' 756 " 62 00
33-4 in. Thimble Skein,
4-h'se,carries40001bs. 1136 " 864 " 70 00
1 1-2 in. iron ax. light 2
h'se, carries 1500 lbs. 810 " 573 " 62 00
15-8 in.iron ax., 2-h'se,
carries 2000 lbs. 860 " 632 '' 4 00
13-4 in. iron ax., light 3
h'se, carries 2500 lbs. 995 ' 746 '' 68 00
2 in. iron ax., 4-h'be,
carries 4000 lbs. - 1234 " 952 " 80 00
When bodies are not wanted with above wagons,
deduct $12 50 each.
W'ghtcomplete. Price.
2 1-1 in. Thimble Skein, 1-hl'se 475 lbs. $40 00
21-2 in. " " " 500 " 42 00
11-4 in. Iron Axle, 1-horse, 525 " 44 00
15-8 in. 500 '' 46 00
Pole and double trees for 1-horse wagons extra,$8.
Spring seats $4 50 extra ; Patent brakes, $4 50.
extra ; bows, 715e per set extra; feed troughs, $1 50
extra; wagon-sheets, heavy, 10x14 feet, $5 50 extra.
NOTE.--State whether wide or narrow track wagons
are wanted.
We warrant the Grange Wagon of our brand, sold
to---- to be well made and of good seasoned
timber. Any breakage, with ordinary usage, with
in one year from this (late, "esulting from bad work
manship or defect in material, we agree to have re
paired or replaced without cost to murchaser.
St. Louis, -- , 187 .
W'ght, complete. Price.
8 1-2 in. Thimble Skein. 525 lbs. $35 00
83-4;i, ' " ' 5Q " 86 00
1 1-3min. Iron Axle. 525 " 35 00
23-4 in. 575 " 38 60
1 1-8inch Iron Axle, 11-8x5-16 inch tire, 3 springs
(front spring 11-24Ainch leaf, hind spring, 11-4x3
Inch leaf,) bed 6 feet long by ilfeet wide, 1 seat and
Withishaft, . . ..- 0
With shaand tongue, . . . . 125 00
1 1-4 inch Iron A2e, with springs and work in pro
portion, $8 higher than above priCes.
1 1-8 inch Patent Iron Axle 1 1-4x5-16 inch tire
springs 1 1-2x5 inch leaf and 1 1-2x3 inch leaf, bed
6 feetlong and 8 feet wide, leather dash board, 1
seat and 1 cushion-
With shaft, - . " - - - $12500
With tongue, " . . .19- 00
With shaft and tongue, . . . . 5
11-4 inch Patent Iron Axle. ith springs an. work
in proportion, $8 hight'han above p aices:
Sinch Patent lron Axle, 1 1-x3 inch leaf springs,
and finished m good style, ... . $13000
_ inch Patent Iron' Axle, 1 1-ax3 Inch lefr.,. on.
+ . L inch lee h". root
.snlardM, C.Zshio~s an,1 falld s 1h .eath. rei
LWei Theyv O rur ln " isome1 es ad n' St.
n n them to bepaqe aof t e very bes terlal.
dnquurable, send us your order.
~t~i~.Co .Staiejt. St. +Iuts,i le.

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