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HOW TO IM.ROVE A BUTTER HERD. In a large part of the older States, within easy reach of the large towns and cities, the making of butter is the most profitable use of milk. A few, within an hour's ride of customers or of the railroad depot, can sell milk to advantage. Farmers more re mote from market can best dispose of their milk at the cheese factory. These are now so numerous, and so well managed, and the cheese is of so good a quality, that there is very little fluctuation in the price, and the business is fairly remunerative. The im portation to England and other European countries is so steadily increasing that cheese farmers are likely to be well rewarded for their labors for many years to come. The butter farms lie in the belt between the cheese and the milk producers. They have a good home market, and have the advan tage of a personal acquaintance with the families they supply with butter. All the butter they can make is readily taken at the market price, or a few cents per pound above. These families are of the most thrifty and cultivated class, have nice tastes, and are willing to pay for the esthetic quali. ty of butter. They like the high color, the waxy texture, and the delicate bouquet of butter fresh from the dairy. They do not like the name or odor of store butter, and will have that which is fresh from the farm it they can get it. This is a very desirable class of customers for any farmer to have. They are able to pay for what they want, and will patronize the butter maker that caters to their tastes. Skilled labor here comes to a good market. It is a good thing for the dairy woman to know that her but ter is going to a home market where her skill wllrbe appreciated. A sense of respon sibility for the utmost cleanliness and skill in the whole process of manufacture is kept up that is difficult to obtain where butter goes to a distant market. Farmers who keep butter herds are in a condition to profit immediately in the im provement ot their cows. Everything they can prokuce in the line of "gilt-edged " but ter comes to a hungry market. The stock kept upon those tarms are generally native, improved more or less by selection. It is only occasionally that there is found a low grade Devon, Ayrshire, or Jersey, among them. The most desirable improvement that can be made at small cost is to procure the ser vice of a thoroughbred Jersey bull, and raise the heifer calves from the best milkers. It is about as well settled as anything can be by experiment, that the Jersey is the best breed to transmute grass and other feed into butter, For a iven amount of food you get the most butter, and the butter is of the best quality, and commands the highest price in the market. In some of the suburb an dairies, where pure Jerseys are kept, the butter is engaged to regular customers at a dollar a pound and upwards. Sixty to sev enty-five cenits a pound are not uncommon prices for a nice article. Of course, these prices could not be obtained at once by every one who should undertake to make Je sey butter. But such an. ideal in the famaer's mind would be an incentive to im provement, and could hardly fail to secure better butter and better prices. The great objection to this improvement in most cases would probably be the high price of the Jersey stock. If the improve ment were made through the thoroughbred bull, it would not be beyond the means of most thrifty dairy farmers. If a man keeps from fifteen to twenty cows he must have a bull of some kind, and, if of his own raising, it must have cost twenty to thirty dollars in hay and grass alone at a year old. The breeders of Jersey have an excess of bulls that they make veal of for want of a better market. They may be of good pedigree, but defectiv. in color or points, and so are sacrificed. These bulls could be bought at low prices as calves, and would improve the butter qualities of any native herd they might serve. Frequently the breeders of Jerseys have earling bulls that they would sell at fifty, sixty or seventy dollars. Cer tainly these prices are not beyond the reach of a thrifty farmer. An infusion of Jersey blood into these butter herds would add greaty to their value, Of course, the same remark. apply to procuring youn bulls of any other breed, if in the opinion ot the fhrmer tome other is to be preferred to the Jersey.-American Agriculturiet. MOFFITT & ROSENCRANS, Dealers in STAPLE'and FANCY STATIONERY, School Books, Picture Frames, Mouldings, Notions, Fancy Goods, etc., ete. MAIN STREET, POST OFFICE BUILDING, HELENA, - - - MONTANA. News Depot connected with the establishment. Subscriptions received for the leading Periodicals, Magazines, Newspapers, Etc., etc., and mailed regularly to subscribers. December 30, 1875.-6m. pEOPIJE'S MEAT MARKET.. CLOUDY KROFT AT HIS OLD BUSINESS AGAIN. Keeps constantly on hand the best quality of BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND SAUSAGE One door west of Husbandman Office, MAIN STREET, DIAOMND CITY. M. T. Nov. 25, 1875-tf. SHAY MARKET AND FEED STABLE. JOSEPH HORSKY, Proprietor, LOWER MAIN STREET, HELENA. Accommodations for ALL KINDS AND ANY NUMBER OF STOCK. Is prepared to COMPETE WITH ANY STABLE IN THE CITY HAS FAIRBANKS' HAY SCALES. I have 620 acres of the best hay land in Prickley Pear Valley, six miles from town, from which I get all my hay. December 2, 1875-6m. HELENA AND DIAMOND CITY, STAGE LI:NE. UNITED STATES MAIL. P. B. CLARK, - - Proprietor. Coaches leave Helena Monday, Wedhesday, and Friday, at 7 o'clock a. m. Leave Diamond City Tuehday, Thursday, and Saturday, at 7 o'clock, a. m. HELENA AND BOZEMAN. Coaches leave Helena every morning, (Sundays excepted ) at4 o'clock, a. m, Leave fozemanevery morning, (Sundays except ed,) at4 o'clock a. m. Passengers and freight cawlied at moderate rates. OFFICES: IHELENA-Davis & Wallace's, Main Street. BOZEMAN--Wilson & Rich's, cor. Main and Boze man Streets. BOZMAN A~D. VIRGINIA. ." d a_ to.m. , n T n yk . h n m ,. R(CKY MOUNTALN HIUSBAINDMLAN, A first class Weekly Journal, devoted to AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, STOCK RAISING, WOOL GROWING, AND TIIHE Industrial and Educational Interests of the Great North-west. WITII A HOME DEP'~ARTMENT, Filled with choice selections and contributions from good Authors, and a general review of passing events, Mineral and Scientific News, comprising in all to make it THE BEST FAMILY NEWSPAPER Published in Montana. Persons desirous of send in a paper to their friends in the States will lind it tobe 3ust what they want, as it will contain, from time to time, a full and complete account of the manner, cost and result of FARMING, GARDENING AND FRUIT CULTURE IN EVERY SECTION OF OUR TERRITORY. Together with the best information concerning our great Pastoral advantages and Water Privileges. Also, statements of experiments in WOOL AND STOCK GROWING, Showing the profit to be realized. Everything given from a RELIABLE SOURCE. As an ADVERTISING MEDIUM, It.will have no equal in the Territory,.since it is the only paper that will be read by all industrial classes, and universally by farmers and stock men. We will endeavor to Protect Our Patrons Against articles of doubtful utility and irresponsible firms. Our friends in the East may rely upon the information given by the RocKY MOUNTAIN HUs BANDMAN, respecting the Superior Advantages Montana Offers To those seeking homes. Having traveled through all the principal valleys in the Territory, and being intimately acquainted with, and having friends in every neighborhood, is prepared to FURNISH CORRECT INFORMATION Relative to agricultural land, pasturage, water rights, mill sites, lodes and placer mines. In fact, EVERY BRANCH OF INDUSTRY or business, together with snow fall, severity of the weather, wind, frosts, etc. The Patrons of Husbandry will bear in mind that the Hru. aNDMAN. was, by a unanimous vote Of the First Annual Session of the TERRITORIAL GRANGE adopted as the medium for communicating with the members of Subordinate Granges, and that the members of that body .s'a earnestly requested to labor and sustain it. FBREE FROM ALL SEOTIONALBIAS, Or personal controversies, it will lend its aid to the cause of justice and truth. It will be found a COUNSELOR AND COMPANION for every western f~laeside. T-ELB. :--4 00 ner annum. In Clubs of 20, 8 "0 each. ~sgleCopies, Ten Cents. ..o clubs bwith any, ad al the Brat-claes Agri utwur'a, Hortloultura], Stock and Grange Journals of America. We will furnish the Huabandman and American Stock Journal for $4.50. Husbandman and National Gamger 4.75. B. N. 8UT'RE*aIN Editor and Proprietor. MAYN & HEITMAN, GROCERS, And Dealers in TOBACCO, CIGARS AND LIQUORS, Opposite Travis's Stable, LOWER MAIN STREET, HELENA, M. T. PAY HIGHEST PRICE FOR FRODUCE. December 2, 1875-6m. DAVIS & WALLACE, MAIN STREET, HALENA, l.IONTANA, Dealers in Groceries and Provisions. The best quality of Goods sold AT THE LOWEST PRICES. We are prepared to raceive and sell on commission ALL KINDS OF FARM PRODUCE. Give us a call. Dec. 30-3m. GILBERT ECKER, Manufacturer of and Dealer in Custom made Boots and Shoes DIAMOND CITY, MONTANA. Keeps a good Stock of BOYS BOOTS, ARCTIC OVERSHOES, BUFFALO BOOTS AND SHOES. H'ItIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR IIIDES.9 December 2, 1875-6m. CIARLES MARKHAM, MAIN STREET, HELENA, MI. T., Wholesale and Retail Dealer in, and Manufacturer of Saddles and Bridles Riding Saddles, Riding Bridles, Horse Collars, Har ness Oil, Pistol Holsters, Linen Sheets, Gig Saddles, Spanish Bits, Mexican Spurs, ROUND AND FLAT BRIDLES, Ivory and Horn Martingale Rings, Stage Lashes Buggy Whips, Ankle Boots Slipper Stirrups,Hill' s Concord Harness ,Bucksins, California Saddle Trees ,Side Saddles Curry' Combs, Brushes, etc. All Sales made at Lowest Cash Rates. January 20, 1876-ly S T. LOUIS HOTEL. SCHWAB & ZIMMERMAN, Proprietors, Entrance on Main and Jackson Sts., HELENA, MONTANA. This Hotel is first-class in all its appointments. The tables are constantly supplied with all the deli cacies the market affolods, and charges reasonable. Ample accommodations for the traveling public. December 30, 1875-tf. APPLICATION FOR PATENT. No. 424. United States Land Office Helena, Montana, December 28th, 1875. Notice is hereby published, that Jonathan Goon, John Jacob Weyberger, and Henry Van Camp, whose post office adaress is Canyon Ferry, Meagher county, Montana Territory have this day filed ap plication for patent under tie mining laws of Con gress, for their placer mine, situated in Avalanche ulch mining district er county, Montana ignated aso No. 39 and 37, in t 11 n ranges 1 and2 e, which claim is not of record, and described in the official.plat and field notes on file in this office as follows: Deginning at the southwest corner, from which the nw cor of t o10, nr 1 e bears west449.50 chains distant, and running thence n270 e 8 chains; thence n 2 deg 30 min w 8 chains; thence n 89 deg e 6.60 chains; thence n 27 deg e 6.20 chains; thence n 15 de 30 min w 10.90 chains; thence n 1 dog e 9.50 chains; thence n ~ dege 11 chains; thence n 12 deg el10.40 chains; thence n28 deg e 8 chains; thence n45 deg30 omin e 25.85 chains; thence n 56 doeg 45mine 9.50 chains; thence n 39 de 45mine 8.70 chains; thence north 13.50 chains; tience n97 degel5.30 chains; thence n 47 deg 45 mine 14.60 chains; theoice a 78 deg e 9.50 chains; thence n 47 deg 30 mine 11 chains; thence n 38 deg e6 chains; thence n24 deg 80 mine l chains; thence s5 de 80 min e 3.50 chains; thence a 80 deg w 2 chaines; ence a 61 deg w 18 chains; thence a85 deg w 6 chains; thence sa 43 deg 45 min W 8 chains; thence a19 1de 30 min wv I2 chains; thence a 1 deg 30 min w I0.8 chains; thence s 39 deg w 9.90 chains; thence s deg s80 min w 0.:89 chains; thence a deg w 15.55 chains; thence s48deg3omin w 10.90 chains; thence s 382 deg w 5.78 chains; thence 516 deg 30 miniw w152 chains; thene s.4 dej S min .n w I0.55 chains; thence sI6 deg.minn w7.80 chains; thence south 25 degrees 80 mnl eiat 10.69 chains; thences.82 dog w 9.50 Qatns; thence s45 deg 80 rinw 5 . ch. ; thente 816 deglsmin e9 chains thence a 99 degw 6.80 chaIns, thenoewest 3.50 chinsto the placeof be nning, embring 5.1 are, npon which a notice ofsaid llcaton for patent was a .sted the irst 1y8o75 .g The adjoining claimants to these remlae are W, Basey nd oers on the BPJl. MOE, Reg ister. Janutaryo 18 f6.-8w.