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Rocky Mountain husbandman. [volume] (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, February 24, 1876, Image 1

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ROCKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN
i_ l4.o o - do C t s.
iPER ANNUM. A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Livtestock, Home Reading, and General News. PER SIGLE CO'Y.
\OE. 1. DIAMOND CITY, M. T., FEBRUARY 24, 1876. NO. 14;
• . mm ,.1 r. m . I.. .··P- · -- m u - t,,© ..m- •u
p UBLISHEDI WEEIKLY BY
B. N. SUTHERLIN,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
The ROCKY "MOUNTAIN II1USBAND.rAN is designed
to be, as the name indicates, a husbandman in every
sense of the term, embracing in its columns every
de iartmient of Agriculture, Stock-raising, Horti
culture. Social and Domestic Economy.
ADVERTISING RATES.
" S " " r" " " · · n"
Iweek $ $73 $ , 87 $9 11 $20 $30
2 weeks 3 n 10 12 15 28 40
1 month 5 8 12 15 18 21 40 60
:nimonths 10 11 21 30 30 42 80 120
i months 18 25 3(i 45 54 65 120 200
1 year 30 40 60 75 90 105 180 250
Transient advertisements payable in advance.
Regular advertisements payable quarterly.
Twenty-ive per cent. added for special advertise
mnents.
AGRICULTURAL.
THE PLEASURES OF FARMING.
It is a pleasure to an intelligent man to be
the owner of a good farm and to carry on
the business of farming, it done. properly.
No other pursuit is so well adapted to afford
health and happiness. To have sweet milk
and fresh butter and eggs, and vegetables
Sand fruits from one's own garden and or
chard, and poultry, mutton and bacon of
one's own raising, to live upon-is very
agreeable. To see the pig lambs, calves
and colts increasing, the crops growing, the
stock improving in value, the fruit trees
bearing their scarlet and golden harvests,
and everything prospering as it generally
º will under wise management--affords any
good man pleasure.
But the farmer, to enjoy pleasure, must
manage his business well. He must plan
wisely and execute promptly. He must be
a sort of miitar~y man in this respect. He
must lay the plan of hiis Icampaign, at this
season of the year, and carry it out as thor
oughly as possible. To enjoy farming, one
wants the best of everything-the best cat
tle, horses, sheep and swine, and fruits and
crops. IHe should be ambitious to have the
best, and should strive for it constantly. HIis
crops should be put in in the best manner.
He should have the .neatest and best kept
meadows and pastures, the finest orchards
and gardens, and neat farm buildings, and
everything should show an air of tidiness
and order dictated by an intelligent mind.
It is not necessary to have expensive
buildings. Aniy, however cheap, if put in
the proper places, surrounded by neat fences,
and the grounds adorned by shade and for
est trees-will look well. The passer-by
will be pleased at the outlook. He will see
there the evidences of a happy home. The
house sits back a few rods from the road, on
a little knoll, so the water drains easily from
it. Shrubbery and shade trees are planted
In the yard. To the right or left of the
house, and a little back of it, the barns and
stables are built with some system. The
garden and orchard are convenient to the
house, and everything is arranged in order.
The farmer has. taken pleasure in formiig
his plans, and now takes pleasure in seeing
how neatly everything looks. His wife and
sons and daughters and neighbors feel the
influence of these admirable arrangements.
It has cost no more, or but little more, than
to put up everything in a slip-shod, hap-haz
ard manner, It would sell for two or three
times as much. But homes should never be
sold. They are sacred places. They should
be made for one's children, and children's
childrcn. How dear are all of the associa
tions of our childhood days! Why break
them? Why let strangers intrude and dese
crate places that are the holiest on earth ?
If farmers would exercise this care and
foresight and taste. in making their farms
and hbone att:r:ietive. there would be a
stonger love for country life. There is too
much inclination among the young people
or the city, and yearly our cities are incrias
ing in population and influence, at the ex
pense of the country.
Could parents see what we are compelled
to see ahnlmost daily as we go from our coun
try home to our otlice in the city, they would
spare no labor to endear farm life to their
sons and daughters. Could they see the de
bauchery, open and notorious, incident to
all cities, they would shudder. Could they
see the young men, yes, and young women,
too, that parade city streets, bearing every
evidence of vice and intemperance and deg
radation, that a few weeks or months or
years ago came fresh and pure from country
homes, and then consider that such perhaps
may be the fate of their own kith and kin,
if country life is not made more attractive
would they not say it is our highest duty to
attach our children to farm life, to favor in
nocent amusements, to patronize good books
and papers and libraries, to help elevate the
tone of society, to carefully consider the
tastes and wishes of young people, and to
give them proper direction, so that the dan
gerous period of youth may be passed in
safety, and the rocks which have shattered
the barks of tens of thousands of generous
youth, may be avoided in the voyage of life
which all must travel.-Rural World.
A NEW WAY TO KILL GRASSHOPPERS.
On Saturday last we were visited by Mr.
Ferdinand Reimann, a farmer of German
birth, living in the town of Butternut Valley,
who imparted to us a new, cheap, and we
believe effective means of killing grasshop
pers, which though too late to be included
in the report of the 'grasshopper commis
sioners, is still of sufficient importance to be
entitled to the widest publicity.
It is well known that tihe ordinary coal oil
is one of the surest means of killing grass
hoppers, and during the payment of the
bounty in this country it was used quite ex
tensively to kill the insects before market
ing ti em. And coal oil is the chief of Mr.
Riemann's plan for killing the grasshoppers.
He says that the smallest particle that will
adhere to one's finger, if touched upon the
body of an insect will cause almost instant
death. He takes a'piece ot cotton cloth a
yard wide, and about twenty feet long. One
side he fastens to a rope, the ends of which
extend over the cloth a foot or two. To the
bottom of the cloth he fastens, say one foot
apart, lead sinkers, of sufficient weight to
keep the cloth firmly stretched. The cloth
is then soaked in coal oil until thoroughly
saturated, and with a man at each end this
apparatus is slowly dragged over the grdund
occupied by the insects. Every grasshopper
touched by the oil is instantly killed. The
cloth is soaked from time to timc, as one's
judgment dictates. 3Mr. Riemann says the
first soaking consumes a good deal of oil,
but afterwards much less is required and he
estimates that one and a half to two gallons
is all that is necessary to kill the grasshop
pers on eighty acres. The process is to be
applied as soon after hatching as possible,
when the grain is small. Where it touches
the grass or weeds more or less oil adheres,
and this kills such insects as come in contact
with it.
This process is very much preferable to
that of dragging a burning rope saturated
with oil over the grain, for it does compara
tively little damage to vegetation, while this
is the chief objection with us to the other
process.
Mr. Reimann tried the method last spring,
and it worked to his complete satisfaction,
destroying the grasshoppers upon his prem
ises, and what injuries sustained by his crops
were tracable to insects that came upon him
from other localities.-Mankato Review.
TIERE is much uneasiness in many' sec
tions lest the warm weather shobld prove
fatal to the fruit crop.
THIEY Tre using corn for fuel in some parts
oi Kasuas.
EFFECT OF CAMPHOR ON SEEDS.
Certain curious and all but forgotten ex
periences of much interest to agriculture
and gardening have been lately revived by a
German savant. Very many years ago it
was discovered and recorded that water sat
urated with camphor had a remarkable in
fluence on the germination of seeds. As of
many other useful hints, the stupid world
took no notice of this intimation ; but a Ber
lin professor, having seen the record of it,
appears to have established the facts that a
solution of camphor stimulates vegetables
as alcohol does animals. He took seeds of
various sorts, some being three or four years
old, and possessing a slight degree of vitali
ty, and placed them between sheets of blot
ting paper. Some ot these he wetted with
pure water, and others with camphorated
water. In many cases the seeds did not
swell at all under the influence of the simple
moisture, but in every case they germinated
where they were subjected to the camphor
solution. The experiment was extended to
different kinds of garden seeds, old and new,
and always with the result of showing a
singular awakening of dormant vitalism and
a wonderful quickening of growth. It also
appears from the professor's researches that
the young plants thus stimulated continued
to increase with a vigor and vivacity much
beyond that of those which were not so
treated. On the other hand, when pounded
camphor was mixed with the soil, it appear
ed to exercise a rather bad effect upon the
seeds. The dose in this latter case was pos
sibly too strong. At all events, this action
ot camphor is worthy of an examination by
seedsmen and gardeners, and even farmers
might determine how far wheat and barley
miay be profited by the strange power this
,crug appears to possess over the latent life
of Vegetable germs.-Horticulturist.
FLflRlIGULTUI e.
HARDY PLANTS.
We use this term with reservation, inas
much as the capabilities of endurance pos
sessed by many novelties cannot at first be
ascertained, and we may include also some
subjects which are known to endure but a
slight degree of cold. Under this head we
place what we regard as the grand acquisi
tion of 1875-the splendid hybrid Lilium
Parkiimaiui. The immense size and rich
color of this lily place it far above ever the
magnificent L. auratum, which was one of
its parents. Other bulbous hardy plants of
merit are the Tulipa Eichleri, from Georgia,
with bright crimson flowers, and intermedi
ate in character between T. suaveolens and
T. oculis sohls ; Galanthus Elwcsii, a snow
drop of Asia Minor, related to G. plicatus;
and Crocus Crewei and C. veluchensis, both
Grecian, both spring-flowering-the former
allied to C. biflorus, and having white flow
ers with purple stripes, and the latter vary
ing in color from purple to pale violet and
white.
Amongst hardy perennials Cypripedium
japonicum perhaps deserves the first men
tion, not only for its beauty, but for its sin
gularity of structure. Its two broad nearly
opposite rhombeo-ovate plaited leaves give
it a very distinct aspect, whilst' its large
flowers, with the lip suffused with pink, ren
der it at the same time ornamental. This is
from Japan, and has been obtained for us
by the New Plant and Bulb Company. Cal
tha polypetala is a showy perennial, allied
to our own marsh marigold, an attractive
but somewhat plebean flowerfrom the Cau
casus; Mertensla alpina, a boraginaceofs
plant from the Rocky Mountains, With its
brilliant blue lf owers, should be a welcome
and brilliant addition to our rock plants-;
while amongst the Bellwort~ Mr. W Smilth's
Campanula. an accidental hybrid' baCnu
C. fragilis and C. pumila alba, produchig its
grayish-blue flowers abundan!tly on dwarf
erect sterns, and. Wahienbergia Kitaibeil, a
d(ecunlbent plant with remarkably showy
heads of violet-blue flowers, may be reconm
mended for the same purpose. The.French
gardens have an Iris gigantea, said to be
from Central Asia, and which grows five
feet high or more, and bears white flowers
striped with brownish-yellow near the base
of the outer segments. A choice plant of
garden origin, falling into this category, is
Mr. Noble's Gyneriumargentlum pumtlium,
which rejoices in perennial dwarfhess, and
has all the feathery beauty of its more state
ly ancestor. Clenriatis Viticeila ereetai, a
French garden variety; bears very large deep
blue flowers, and grows about a foot and a
half high.
Of-the "hrubbery Series we have inMr.
Jackman's Clematis alba magna gained
without doubt the finest of all the w hite
blossomed varieties of the noble and lIopu
lar climber, the seplals being so broad that
any two meet together across the intet1sen
ing one, and thus form a more solid-lobko g
flower than we get In the case of any ME
variety. Cytisus Laburnum aureas, a :
with rich golden-hued leaves, will be lakost
telling plant in shrubberies and.planta tlns,
Besides these we have Balbisia vertitllhta,
which though 'one of the Geraniace ,:has
large regular golden-yellow' flow~r, as -if
representing a monster Hyperleuth 'Hy
menanthera crassifolia, a small-leaved ·lew
Zealand evergreen with white bei~ths , LI
gustrum Quihout, a pretty evergreeni: ith
bluntly rounded leathery leavesaqdndt itlteo
flowers; Viburnum Sandankwavp, 1i, ver.
green from Japan, withtargishoii ifg- tate
leaves, and corymbs of white blossoms ;rand
Cedrela sinensis, a Chinese tree .t.'lthfine
pinnate leaveg, and found to be ha dt4y "4the
climate of France.--Qardeneret ChroWke.
TENDER PLANTS THA T. HAVE:PR
The disastrous effeets.which tender pJith
which have become froen a re 4ubct: to,
generally known to ulditfvat.s; btitw r
plant life, Is nut sooeasfly
attempts heretofore made by ieitit.i men,
to solve the question, have been at most: ly
partially successful. In practieal exp4
ence it is found that the length of time ","
the degree of cold to which i a~ i are ex
posed, affect them in propo.etiBoit e' dura
tion and intensity of these conditions, *hleh
points therefore, to the speedy restoration.of
a suitable temperature, as the liest mealis of
restoring plants that have been unfortuiute
ly exposed to frosts.
But the thawing out should hi all cases be
moderately gradual, and one of the best
things to do when plants have become froz
en, either in the dwelling, eonservatOry or
open air, is to sprinkle the foliage*withic old
cistern or well water, as the temperature
turns to rise. In the dwelling or, conserva
tory, however, it will be necessary to tart
the fire in the stove, furnace ore A~e thefirst
thing of all to give temperature. an send
ancy, but it should for several hour ;not be
allowed to rise above an ordinary .suitable
degree.
Some advocate shading- the plant4. ,ot
the sun and light for some length o i iaJt,
but the policy of so doing ha , "r e been
apparent to me, whileI havye1ueq yhbad
proofs to the contrary ;; a.dthe stt's i oa s
striking upon thelplata: with gradually in.
creasing heat, l. a -great measure aids in
their recovery#
There is ~geat dIfference in plant: as re
gards thele .itbiity to resist coldrad while
some the slightest frost will injure beyond
cure, others will bear various degreps, and
even alternate freezingand thawing.~
u~g agan, with inpunity. Avoid b ag
.lant in a frozen condition as i9
siblnas the injurm to thl.m
en should the leaves e oz be
toughly brushed over. ,ose QW .
that have become frozen, api a e in Cold
water until they havn thaw pxgt.-A-d,
GERMAN florists dyer ,.8 osse al4oCra asLr
in a great varietyaiv 1f- uP i t: a'L

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