Newspaper Page Text
Rocky Molntain Hlsballfman.
Rf. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1870. WE THIS week lay before our readers the full text of the Northern Pacific railroad law passed by the recent session of the Leg islature, as furnished by the Herald. We give it entire, since it is one of the most im portant measures that has ever been brought before the people. We urge upon every citizen the importance of reading the bill and digesting it well be fore deciding upon their course of action in regard to it. It is plai and easily under stood, and we hope every voter in Montana will, after reading it, be governed by his own judgment. We do not feel inclined to bias the opinion of any one, and hence shall not attempt to make an argument. We are in need of a railroad. It would revive the en ergies of the country, cause it to settle up rapidly, its mines to be developed to a de gree little dreamed of to-day, but the prin ciple of letting railroad companies build their own roads is unquestionably the safest. It involves no risk on the part of the people, and admits of no possibility of a steal, while extending aid in any shape opens up a pos sibility for a swindle. The Northern Pacific bill is one of the safest we have ever read. It seems to involve no risk other than the question as to the amount of trade we will yoerly be able to send over the road, which, though the amount is not certainly known, it is fair to presume will pay sufficient --at least in the course of a few years to save the Territory from cost. And if any swindle comes of it, we think it will be by future legislation. There are times when people lnd it very much to their in terest to aid public enterprises. As to whether that time has arrived to the people of Montana, rermains for them to decide. We are prepared to accept their. verdict, be that as it may, without any attempt to in fluence it to our liking, save by a brief ref erence to facts that will enaole our readers to make up their minds intelligently, that in case they eirr it will be the result of incor rect judgment, and not of ignorance. OW oun agricultural page will be found the description of a newmethod of destroy tf grasshoppers. By this we perceive that tbhjMinnesota farmer can easily destroy the grasshoppers that hatch out upon his prem isea, but still finds it difficult to master those which hatch out on the commons. While our Montana farmers, by running their ditcles IWI of water, are effectually fortified agaainst the latter, they haveyet hit upon no means by which to destroy the former; and thus if the mode spoken of proves a success, our farmers may battle with these pests very offectually, Especially can this be done in the spring when crops suffer most. And Usually the best plan to avoid the destruc ti$ct;by emigrant grasshoppers, is to sow egly.th.t grain may be so far advanced when they 'come that they will do it but little in jury, IT is TIME our people were beginning to learn to be self sustainlng. We are pur t~asing toog %any articles in the east that mhould be purchased at home. Grain can be grown as cheaply here as in most of the States. Hogs can be raised here with as pnuch success as anywhere ; yet we are buy ~%g bacon in the States. Thousands of dol 144' are paid out yearly for canned fruits an=4'.vegetables; yet vegetable growing he '-.cannot be beaten. Small fruits may alsgbe raised in great abundance. If 'ur farmers would onlyN;turn their at tentiou to these things, it would be a great saving-to the Territory. To say the least, enough can be supplied for one's own fam lly, which would be a great improvement upondthe present mode. W, eahtl the attention of our numerous mining patrons to owr mining department. aIt 1 a ne*ifeature in the HUSBANDMa., in ti~ged with a view; to the benefit of a class.of ° our patrons, who patronize ourWaper for general itformatoto, hut are in no wise. iterste' to ".ieep. plawing," We in-Ite our friends. who are interested, to contribute to this column, IT i'out tutention to publisb from time to time, as wi oap get possespten of them, ethe ost itpotmat laws )as by the ref SATURDAY morning we mounted our horse and started out for a few day's visit alnong the stock ranches of the cast side. We found less snow upon the mountains thnii we ever saw before at this season of the year; yet the grades were fill, making travel for sev eral miles rather tedious. Where a year ago the snow was five feet deep upon a level, it is now less than afoot. Now, the dug-ways are only full; then travel made its way over snow banks ten to twenty feet in depth. Two miles beyond the range we came to Mr. Alexander Watson's sheep ranche. Here in the midst of the lofty snowy peaks of the R.ocky mountains, within two miles of the summit, Mr. W. is wintering his little flock of two hundred sheep, without hay or feed other than what they are able to forage from the hillsides. It is a little remarkable to see this miners' home converted into a sheep ranche. The sheep are doing well and show but little sign of scab, notwithstanding they were driven from Red Bluffs, California the past summer. Three and a half hours after leaving Dia mond we arrived at Rader's ranche. While our obliging host, Mr. E. J. IIarris-mer chant and landlord--was preparing dinner, we sauntered forth to reconnoiter Auerbach & Rader's flock and sheep sheds. The for mer are not in the best condition, being very thin and afflicted with the scab. The latter was built of small fencing poles, and covered with willows and hay-a good cov ering, and a good shed if the walls had only been proof against the winter blasts. But they were rather low and altogether too temporary. Leaving our horse here, we walked over to Camp Baker, one mile distant, pulled at the fist of Major Reed and Captain Clifford, called on our friend Gaddis, attended the sale of Government stock, met many of the most prominent citizens of the valley and some from the Missouri valley, then turned ourself about for J. T. Moore's, about twelve miles to the north. We called by the way, on Mr. Stephens, and looked through his flock of sheep, numbering one thousand three hundred, which notwithstandingit is their first winter in the country, are in good condition, and owing to their ha~wing been dipped since their arrival, show but little sign of scab. This flock is of the Spanish Merino breed. We were shown the big calf which, owing to the fact of its-b~fng a heifer, will be pretty hard for our- ranchmen to beat. Bidding our friends good-day, we went on our way, arriving at our destination in good time. Mr. Moore has an excellent, ranche, good house, commodious stables and pas tures, and is getting out poles to fence in a large meadow the coming summer. Mr. M. had no fine stock to tempt us with, his entire herd being upon the Muscleshell, from which place he had just returned. He reports stock interests in that section flattering, and likely to improve with each succeediua year. Sunday evening we rode over to L. Lewis' Beaver Creek ranche. .lThis is, we believe, the best thoroughbred stock ranche in Meagher county, and is not second to many in Montiana, so far as our knowledge ex tends. The residence is neat and sufficient ly commodious, and built of large hewed logs, with a dirt root, and a large hay win dow fronting the road, in which we noticed 'a number of rare and beautiful house plants which added much to the coziness of the room within-rather a new feature for a frontier home. Having spent a few hours in pleasant conversation, we sallied forth to see what we could find that would be of interest to our readers, To those who are looking for romance, we would say we saw inothing calculated to please them. But the lover of stock may follow us with some de gree of interest, We first visited the poul try yard, saw a nice lot of graded fowls and several of fancy breeds, among which was a pair of brahmas imported from the east last summer, and a fine cochin hen which is a remarkable layer, having upon one occa sion layed three eggs in one day, one of which contained a double yolk. Her eggs are usually double yolked, From the chick en house, we went to the sheep corral. This is one hundred and twelve teet square, built of large pine logs with the cracks well daub ed with mud, and sheded on three sides with a shed fourteen. feet deep and twenty-sli feet on each side.- It is oavered with .pine boughs and wild rye grass, maklng it the most sibst~ptitl sheep quarters oA the val : .. ley, Mr. L.'s flock of 1359 sheep are look ing finely. Some ,little scab makes its ap pearancec in spots here and there; but noth ing serious. With quarters like these, there are no chaunces to take, be the winter ever so severe. Mr. L. is crossing his flock with half-breed cotswolds, and intends to import thoroughbred rains the coming summer, From this we went to the cow yard, and saw several very fat cows whose great amount of flesh seemed a burden to them, It would be impossible to convince any but Montau ians that such cattle are to be found inl the midst of winter on our range. l lls thor oughbred shorthorn bull is in line condition, but he has the advantage of hay. Belknap, the property of Messrs. Moore & Freeman, is at present quartered here, and is thriving finely in his new home, We noticed a few good graded cows and oalves, but the prin cipal portion of Mr, L.'s herd is on the Mus cleshell, Mr. 1., has three thoroughbred Alderneys-two cows and one two-year-old bull, loEach of the cows has a calf and they furnish the entire family with butter, besides some to sell. We next examined the swine, and found them to be as fine a type of berk shires as we ever saw in any country. This is Mr. L.'s favorite breed of hogs. lie says he can produce two pounds of flesh on this breed with the same amount of food requir ed to produce one pound on a common hog. Evening coming on, we gathered in the pleasant family circle and were entertained with some excellent music by Miss Kenni cot assisted by Mrs. L, Among the many pieces performed, was one of Sankey's favor ite hymns. We retired early, arose early, and proceeded to the California sheep ranehe near Benton gulch. We found our friend, Mr. L. D. Burt, busy at work doctoring a few sheep that were beginning to show signs of scab, Mr. R.'s flock were driven from California last season and did not ar rive at their present winter quarters until the latter part of October; yet they are fat and remar'kably healthy. Mr. B. has a good double corral with a shed across one end, and running against a hill. It is about thirty by one hundred and fifty feet, built of logs and covered with willows and dirt, affording a dry, warm house. His double corral, with shute arranged with gate to swing either way, for the purpose of separating those which are diseased from the balance of the flock, is somethifig for many of our new beginners to learn. After spending a few hours here, we re turned to Diamond, having had a pleasant trip, but with many regrets that we were unable to visit the stock ranches upon the upper portion of the valley. But as we had the pleasure of seeing most of the stock men from that section, we beg their indul gence, promising to pull their latch-string the next time we cross the mountains. GENERAL NEWS. * Telegraphie advices from ¥Washington state that the House committee on approprih ations has decided to report a reduction of the salaries of Territorial officers, which are appointed by the Government. It is pro posed to reduce the salary of the Governor, and Supreme Court Judges to $9,500, and a reduction of the salary of Secretary $500. Gold opened on the 18th, at 113, advanced 113k, and afterward receded to 113i The car :ying rates were 5, , 3j, 4 and 3 per cent. Money on call loans was quiet at 5 and 6 per cent. Prime discounts are unchanged. Foreign exchange closed steady. Prime asking rates,4.86; seling rates, 4.851 and 4.88j a 4.89 ; rei:limarks, 95j and 96j; :ca bles, 97 a 97k ; prime Paris, 5.131 and 5,11 Dr, Linderman has informed the House Committee on coinage and weights and measures, that he sees no necessity at pres ent for the establishment of a new mint in the West. There is no doubt that the telegraphic cor respondence which has been pending for some days between the Department of State and Minister Schenck is co cerpaug his prob able resignation, Sherman is the best authority for stating that the steamer Despatch, which has been. reported by telegrams from this city as be. ing prepared lere to go to sea with sealed orders, supposed to have copn:.ction with Cu ban matters, will not depart with sealed orders. She Is at the Washington. Navy yax4 beg. put In, otler for sea ser~ice, The Times Washington special says. "'To day the Committee on the Pacific Railroad will take action on Scott's scheme, and tofu a careful canvas of the Committee there is no doubt but they will make a favorable re port on the bill. The rumors t:) the efft.ct that the Committee will tie oa the questiorI being far from true. There will he ia-najor. ity of three at least out of the 13 members. ? Tools selling for the mile race began to night, There was a large attendance and bidding was lively. The tirst pool, Ruther, ford sold for $1000; Change, $125; Katie Pease, $35; Revenue Jr., Golden Gate, Fos ter and IIock hocking. $25 each. S ubse quently Rutherford sold for $100; Chance 3711 Pease, $22 ; Golden Gate, $20 ; field $30, Closing sale, Rutherford, $100 ; Pease,$32 :... Chance, $274; Golden Gate, $20; field $25. Grimstead will not start. The ship W. J. IIatficld, from Philadelphia for Bremenhaven, was discovered at sea" dismasted and waterlogged, by the bark Flake, which sent off a boat, but it could not get alongside. Three men jumped overboard one of whoim was drowned and two wera.;, picked up. The remainder of the crew could make no effort to save themselves, being exhaused for want of food and water. '1'hti Flake hove too from six in the evening until the following morning, but during the night the vessel went down with all on board. A fire broke out in Rutland, Vt., to-night. destroying the Bates IIouse, Herald oftlce, and several other buildings. The loss haa not yet been ascertained, The inflationists in the House seem to have. got full control of the caucus, as shown by,... the complexion of the caucus committee ap, pointed yesterday. Of the nine members of the committee repleresenting the IIous.e, fivo are inflationists and four nominally advo. cates of hard money. The five iifl.ationists. are in favor of the repeal act of 187S, requir.: nlg the resummption of specie. payments Jan. 1, 1879, and doing nothing more., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. SPECIAL ADVERTISEMENTS. To Our Patrons Throughout the Territory. We are preparing our circular for 1876, and desire cordially to thank you for 'our patronage and sup,-. port during the past nine years, and venture to hoea that by square and liberal dealing we may merit your continued confidence. Would solicit specit . attention.of persons who have purchased machinery of any kind from other parties in the Territoiy or in the east, wishing repairs. They should not delay sending their ordecrs later than March first, as wta make our requisition for the coming season at that time. Threshers, Engines, Saw Malls, etc., wilt not be ordered unless by special request. T. C. Power & Co. Helena, Montana, December 30, 1875. To the Dry Goods Trade. Under our CASH SYSTEM of doing business, we propose to sell goods at such SWEEPING REDUC TIONS as to. make it to the interest of'the cash pay.. ing portion of the trade to buy their goods at HOMR instead of sending money OUT OF TIlE COUN. TRY for anything in the DRY GOODS LINE, Having taken the lead, and put down the prices of goods in this market, we continue to offer superior inducements, and propose not only to meet the market prices, but will CUT UNDER in every, In stance FOR CASH. Buyers will please examine the market, and then compare our prices with others. ORDERS SOLICITED. Samples and prices sent on application. . J. R. BOYCE .d CO, Helena, December 2, 1875,. Interesting to Cash Buyers of Bry Goods. GooDs AT TIIHE LOWEST PuICES, I) A SPECIAL_ D .s : J T OF F1Yv 7Et CET:. NOR CASH,-NOtWitb' standing the great reduction in the selling prices Qf our goods, which brings them down to fignres as "' low, and LOWER than any prices that have been or are quoted, either in circulars for advertisements by competing houses, we propose to make still further concessions to our cu tomers by allowing, for 1 .s next ninety days, a special discount of FIVE PER CENT. on all CASH purchases amounting to tioV dollars and upwards. SANDS BROI. Helena, December 2, 85. Brown & Welsenhorn. CARRIAGE A D WAGO M UPA CTOT.--ThIS is the largest establishment of the kind in the Terri tory, and is turning out work, equal to the best in East. Our Horse Shoeing Department is under thea supervision of the best horse shoer in Montana, and we are prepared to do work in this line to the @.at- -: faction of any one who nay favor us with their pat ronage wiwe as a Trialo., BROWN .. WEIS8aO5.' Helenai Deeieber 3.18if,