Rocky Molntain Hlsballfman.
Rf. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1870.
WE THIS week lay before our readers the
full text of the Northern Pacific railroad
law passed by the recent session of the Leg
islature, as furnished by the Herald. We
give it entire, since it is one of the most im
portant measures that has ever been brought
before the people.
We urge upon every citizen the importance
of reading the bill and digesting it well be
fore deciding upon their course of action in
regard to it. It is plai and easily under
stood, and we hope every voter in Montana
will, after reading it, be governed by his own
judgment. We do not feel inclined to bias
the opinion of any one, and hence shall not
attempt to make an argument. We are in
need of a railroad. It would revive the en
ergies of the country, cause it to settle up
rapidly, its mines to be developed to a de
gree little dreamed of to-day, but the prin
ciple of letting railroad companies build
their own roads is unquestionably the safest.
It involves no risk on the part of the people,
and admits of no possibility of a steal, while
extending aid in any shape opens up a pos
sibility for a swindle. The Northern Pacific
bill is one of the safest we have ever read.
It seems to involve no risk other than the
question as to the amount of trade we will
yoerly be able to send over the road, which,
though the amount is not certainly known,
it is fair to presume will pay sufficient
--at least in the course of a few years
to save the Territory from cost. And
if any swindle comes of it, we think it will
be by future legislation. There are times
when people lnd it very much to their in
terest to aid public enterprises. As to
whether that time has arrived to the people
of Montana, rermains for them to decide.
We are prepared to accept their. verdict, be
that as it may, without any attempt to in
fluence it to our liking, save by a brief ref
erence to facts that will enaole our readers
to make up their minds intelligently, that
in case they eirr it will be the result of incor
rect judgment, and not of ignorance.
OW oun agricultural page will be found
the description of a newmethod of destroy
tf grasshoppers. By this we perceive that
tbhjMinnesota farmer can easily destroy the
grasshoppers that hatch out upon his prem
isea, but still finds it difficult to master those
which hatch out on the commons. While
our Montana farmers, by running their
ditcles IWI of water, are effectually fortified
agaainst the latter, they haveyet hit upon no
means by which to destroy the former; and
thus if the mode spoken of proves a success,
our farmers may battle with these pests very
offectually, Especially can this be done in
the spring when crops suffer most. And
Usually the best plan to avoid the destruc
ti$ct;by emigrant grasshoppers, is to sow
egly.th.t grain may be so far advanced when
they 'come that they will do it but little in
IT is TIME our people were beginning to
learn to be self sustainlng. We are pur
t~asing toog %any articles in the east that
mhould be purchased at home. Grain can be
grown as cheaply here as in most of the
States. Hogs can be raised here with as
pnuch success as anywhere ; yet we are buy
~%g bacon in the States. Thousands of dol
144' are paid out yearly for canned fruits
an=4'.vegetables; yet vegetable growing
he '-.cannot be beaten. Small fruits may
alsgbe raised in great abundance.
If 'ur farmers would onlyN;turn their at
tentiou to these things, it would be a great
saving-to the Territory. To say the least,
enough can be supplied for one's own fam
lly, which would be a great improvement
upondthe present mode.
W, eahtl the attention of our numerous
mining patrons to owr mining department.
aIt 1 a ne*ifeature in the HUSBANDMa., in
ti~ged with a view; to the benefit of a
class.of ° our patrons, who patronize
ourWaper for general itformatoto, hut are
in no wise. iterste' to ".ieep. plawing,"
We in-Ite our friends. who are interested, to
contribute to this column,
IT i'out tutention to publisb from time
to time, as wi oap get possespten of them,
ethe ost itpotmat laws )as by the ref
SATURDAY morning we mounted our horse
and started out for a few day's visit alnong
the stock ranches of the cast side. We found
less snow upon the mountains thnii we ever
saw before at this season of the year; yet
the grades were fill, making travel for sev
eral miles rather tedious. Where a year ago
the snow was five feet deep upon a level, it
is now less than afoot. Now, the dug-ways
are only full; then travel made its way over
snow banks ten to twenty feet in depth.
Two miles beyond the range we came to Mr.
Alexander Watson's sheep ranche. Here in
the midst of the lofty snowy peaks of the
R.ocky mountains, within two miles of the
summit, Mr. W. is wintering his little flock
of two hundred sheep, without hay or feed
other than what they are able to forage from
the hillsides. It is a little remarkable to see
this miners' home converted into a sheep
ranche. The sheep are doing well and show
but little sign of scab, notwithstanding they
were driven from Red Bluffs, California the
Three and a half hours after leaving Dia
mond we arrived at Rader's ranche. While
our obliging host, Mr. E. J. IIarris-mer
chant and landlord--was preparing dinner,
we sauntered forth to reconnoiter Auerbach
& Rader's flock and sheep sheds. The for
mer are not in the best condition, being
very thin and afflicted with the scab. The
latter was built of small fencing poles, and
covered with willows and hay-a good cov
ering, and a good shed if the walls had only
been proof against the winter blasts. But
they were rather low and altogether too
Leaving our horse here, we walked over
to Camp Baker, one mile distant, pulled at
the fist of Major Reed and Captain Clifford,
called on our friend Gaddis, attended the
sale of Government stock, met many of the
most prominent citizens of the valley and
some from the Missouri valley, then turned
ourself about for J. T. Moore's, about twelve
miles to the north. We called by the way,
on Mr. Stephens, and looked through his
flock of sheep, numbering one thousand
three hundred, which notwithstandingit is
their first winter in the country, are in good
condition, and owing to their ha~wing been
dipped since their arrival, show but little
sign of scab. This flock is of the Spanish
Merino breed. We were shown the big
calf which, owing to the fact of its-b~fng a
heifer, will be pretty hard for our- ranchmen
Bidding our friends good-day, we went on
our way, arriving at our destination in good
time. Mr. Moore has an excellent, ranche,
good house, commodious stables and pas
tures, and is getting out poles to fence in a
large meadow the coming summer. Mr. M.
had no fine stock to tempt us with, his entire
herd being upon the Muscleshell, from which
place he had just returned. He reports
stock interests in that section flattering, and
likely to improve with each succeediua year.
Sunday evening we rode over to L. Lewis'
Beaver Creek ranche. .lThis is, we believe,
the best thoroughbred stock ranche in
Meagher county, and is not second to many
in Montiana, so far as our knowledge ex
tends. The residence is neat and sufficient
ly commodious, and built of large hewed
logs, with a dirt root, and a large hay win
dow fronting the road, in which we noticed
'a number of rare and beautiful house plants
which added much to the coziness of the
room within-rather a new feature for a
frontier home. Having spent a few hours
in pleasant conversation, we sallied forth
to see what we could find that would be of
interest to our readers, To those who are
looking for romance, we would say we saw
inothing calculated to please them. But the
lover of stock may follow us with some de
gree of interest, We first visited the poul
try yard, saw a nice lot of graded fowls and
several of fancy breeds, among which was
a pair of brahmas imported from the east
last summer, and a fine cochin hen which is
a remarkable layer, having upon one occa
sion layed three eggs in one day, one of
which contained a double yolk. Her eggs
are usually double yolked, From the chick
en house, we went to the sheep corral. This
is one hundred and twelve teet square, built
of large pine logs with the cracks well daub
ed with mud, and sheded on three sides with
a shed fourteen. feet deep and twenty-sli
feet on each side.- It is oavered with .pine
boughs and wild rye grass, maklng it the
most sibst~ptitl sheep quarters oA the val
ley, Mr. L.'s flock of 1359 sheep are look
ing finely. Some ,little scab makes its ap
pearancec in spots here and there; but noth
ing serious. With quarters like these, there
are no chaunces to take, be the winter ever
so severe. Mr. L. is crossing his flock with
half-breed cotswolds, and intends to import
thoroughbred rains the coming summer,
From this we went to the cow yard, and saw
several very fat cows whose great amount
of flesh seemed a burden to them, It would
be impossible to convince any but Montau
ians that such cattle are to be found inl the
midst of winter on our range. l lls thor
oughbred shorthorn bull is in line condition,
but he has the advantage of hay. Belknap,
the property of Messrs. Moore & Freeman,
is at present quartered here, and is thriving
finely in his new home, We noticed a few
good graded cows and oalves, but the prin
cipal portion of Mr, L.'s herd is on the Mus
cleshell, Mr. 1., has three thoroughbred
Alderneys-two cows and one two-year-old
bull, loEach of the cows has a calf and they
furnish the entire family with butter, besides
some to sell. We next examined the swine,
and found them to be as fine a type of berk
shires as we ever saw in any country. This
is Mr. L.'s favorite breed of hogs. lie says
he can produce two pounds of flesh on this
breed with the same amount of food requir
ed to produce one pound on a common hog.
Evening coming on, we gathered in the
pleasant family circle and were entertained
with some excellent music by Miss Kenni
cot assisted by Mrs. L, Among the many
pieces performed, was one of Sankey's favor
ite hymns. We retired early, arose early,
and proceeded to the California sheep ranehe
near Benton gulch. We found our friend,
Mr. L. D. Burt, busy at work doctoring a
few sheep that were beginning to show
signs of scab, Mr. R.'s flock were driven
from California last season and did not ar
rive at their present winter quarters until
the latter part of October; yet they are fat
and remar'kably healthy. Mr. B. has a good
double corral with a shed across one end,
and running against a hill. It is about thirty
by one hundred and fifty feet, built of logs
and covered with willows and dirt, affording
a dry, warm house. His double corral, with
shute arranged with gate to swing either
way, for the purpose of separating those
which are diseased from the balance of the
flock, is somethifig for many of our new
beginners to learn.
After spending a few hours here, we re
turned to Diamond, having had a pleasant
trip, but with many regrets that we were
unable to visit the stock ranches upon the
upper portion of the valley. But as we had
the pleasure of seeing most of the stock
men from that section, we beg their indul
gence, promising to pull their latch-string
the next time we cross the mountains.
* Telegraphie advices from ¥Washington
state that the House committee on approprih
ations has decided to report a reduction of
the salaries of Territorial officers, which are
appointed by the Government. It is pro
posed to reduce the salary of the Governor,
and Supreme Court Judges to $9,500, and a
reduction of the salary of Secretary $500.
Gold opened on the 18th, at 113, advanced
113k, and afterward receded to 113i The car
:ying rates were 5, , 3j, 4 and 3 per cent.
Money on call loans was quiet at 5 and 6
per cent. Prime discounts are unchanged.
Foreign exchange closed steady. Prime
asking rates,4.86; seling rates, 4.851 and
4.88j a 4.89 ; rei:limarks, 95j and 96j; :ca
bles, 97 a 97k ; prime Paris, 5.131 and 5,11
Dr, Linderman has informed the House
Committee on coinage and weights and
measures, that he sees no necessity at pres
ent for the establishment of a new mint in
There is no doubt that the telegraphic cor
respondence which has been pending for
some days between the Department of State
and Minister Schenck is co cerpaug his prob
Sherman is the best authority for stating
that the steamer Despatch, which has been.
reported by telegrams from this city as be.
ing prepared lere to go to sea with sealed
orders, supposed to have copn:.ction with Cu
ban matters, will not depart with sealed
orders. She Is at the Washington. Navy
yax4 beg. put In, otler for sea ser~ice,
The Times Washington special says. "'To
day the Committee on the Pacific Railroad
will take action on Scott's scheme, and tofu
a careful canvas of the Committee there is
no doubt but they will make a favorable re
port on the bill. The rumors t:) the efft.ct
that the Committee will tie oa the questiorI
being far from true. There will he ia-najor.
ity of three at least out of the 13 members. ?
Tools selling for the mile race began to
night, There was a large attendance and
bidding was lively. The tirst pool, Ruther,
ford sold for $1000; Change, $125; Katie
Pease, $35; Revenue Jr., Golden Gate, Fos
ter and IIock hocking. $25 each. S ubse
quently Rutherford sold for $100; Chance 3711
Pease, $22 ; Golden Gate, $20 ; field $30,
Closing sale, Rutherford, $100 ; Pease,$32 :...
Chance, $274; Golden Gate, $20; field
$25. Grimstead will not start.
The ship W. J. IIatficld, from Philadelphia
for Bremenhaven, was discovered at sea"
dismasted and waterlogged, by the bark
Flake, which sent off a boat, but it could not
get alongside. Three men jumped overboard
one of whoim was drowned and two wera.;,
picked up. The remainder of the crew could
make no effort to save themselves, being
exhaused for want of food and water. '1'hti
Flake hove too from six in the evening until
the following morning, but during the night
the vessel went down with all on board.
A fire broke out in Rutland, Vt., to-night.
destroying the Bates IIouse, Herald oftlce,
and several other buildings. The loss haa
not yet been ascertained,
The inflationists in the House seem to have.
got full control of the caucus, as shown by,...
the complexion of the caucus committee ap,
pointed yesterday. Of the nine members of
the committee repleresenting the IIous.e, fivo
are inflationists and four nominally advo.
cates of hard money. The five iifl.ationists.
are in favor of the repeal act of 187S, requir.:
nlg the resummption of specie. payments
Jan. 1, 1879, and doing nothing more.,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ..
To Our Patrons Throughout the Territory.
We are preparing our circular for 1876, and desire
cordially to thank you for 'our patronage and sup,-.
port during the past nine years, and venture to hoea
that by square and liberal dealing we may merit
your continued confidence. Would solicit specit .
attention.of persons who have purchased machinery
of any kind from other parties in the Territoiy or
in the east, wishing repairs. They should not delay
sending their ordecrs later than March first, as wta
make our requisition for the coming season at that
time. Threshers, Engines, Saw Malls, etc., wilt
not be ordered unless by special request.
T. C. Power & Co.
Helena, Montana, December 30, 1875.
To the Dry Goods Trade.
Under our CASH SYSTEM of doing business, we
propose to sell goods at such SWEEPING REDUC
TIONS as to. make it to the interest of'the cash pay..
ing portion of the trade to buy their goods at HOMR
instead of sending money OUT OF TIlE COUN.
TRY for anything in the
DRY GOODS LINE,
Having taken the lead, and put down the prices of
goods in this market, we continue to offer superior
inducements, and propose not only to meet the
market prices, but will CUT UNDER in every, In
stance FOR CASH. Buyers will please examine
the market, and then compare our prices with
others. ORDERS SOLICITED. Samples and
prices sent on application. .
J. R. BOYCE .d CO,
Helena, December 2, 1875,.
Interesting to Cash Buyers of Bry Goods.
GooDs AT TIIHE LOWEST PuICES, I) A SPECIAL_
D .s : J T OF F1Yv 7Et CET:. NOR CASH,-NOtWitb'
standing the great reduction in the selling prices Qf
our goods, which brings them down to fignres as "'
low, and LOWER than any prices that have been or
are quoted, either in circulars for advertisements by
competing houses, we propose to make still further
concessions to our cu tomers by allowing, for 1 .s
next ninety days, a special discount of FIVE PER
CENT. on all CASH purchases amounting to tioV
dollars and upwards. SANDS BROI.
Helena, December 2, 85.
Brown & Welsenhorn.
CARRIAGE A D WAGO M UPA CTOT.--ThIS is
the largest establishment of the kind in the Terri
tory, and is turning out work, equal to the best in
East. Our Horse Shoeing Department is under thea
supervision of the best horse shoer in Montana, and
we are prepared to do work in this line to the @.at- -:
faction of any one who nay favor us with their pat
wiwe as a Trialo.,
BROWN .. WEIS8aO5.'
Helenai Deeieber 3.18if,
xml | txt