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PROMISE OF THE CATTLE TRADE. The cattle disease is threatening to be come chronic. Scarcely a season passes that its presence is not manifested to a greater or less extent in the grazing districts of En gland and Wales, while France, Germany, and Belgium are also becoming more tanil lar with it. The endeavor to" stamp it out" by quarantine and red tape has thus fir met with but little success, and from present ap pearances there would appear to be nothing to prevent the complaint, like the potato rot prevalent some years ago, from running its cou'rse. Meanwhile, stock-raisers on this side of the Atlantic have their opportunity. There is no reason why the United States should not find abroad such a profitable outlet for their surplus as would add immensely to the profits of the business. During the few months past there have been a few cargoes sent over as an experiment, and the result, we believe, has been such as to amply com pensate the parties who made the venture. The cattle endured the sea voyage with as little discomfort as is ordinarily experienced in crossing the English Channel. With ves sels having between-decks specially con structed with reference to this kind of freight, we believe it is admitted by those who are familiar with the business, there is no reason why it should not be as safely and As comfortlably transported as any other cargo. There are but two or three such ves sels afloat as yet, and these are owned at East. There was some talk a while ago of an English company placing two or three sutitable steamers to run between Liverpool and Texas ports, but latterly the undertak ing seems to have been lost sight of. It will be strange, however, if the continuation of the foot and mouth disease, and the conse quent dearness of animal food in the British markets, does not soon force it again into the foreground. As an illustration of the well-nigh illimit able capacity of the country beyond the Mis sissippi as a source of supply, we read in. an Omaha paper the other day of a cattle range in Nebraska 156 miles in length. One stock-raiser owned 20,000 acres, upon which were some 26,000 head of beeves, and some 4,000 to 5,000 calves. Upon his net sales this year he expects to realize the sum of $33 per head. At this rate 4,500 would bring him $148,500. Of course, the business is attended with many and peculiar risks, particularly such as come of severe winters; and the system atie. depredations of professional cattle thieves. But even when due allowance is made for these, there would seem to be, un der careful management, a margin for profit which but few other industries of like mag nitude in this country can offer.--New York Bulletin. MANAGEMENT OF SHEEP. The'following, from the Anti-lionopolist, Is worthy of the consideration of our sheep growers : "In choosing ewes to brded from, care should be taken to select thole that are rugged and well-formed. If too old they will be weak in the sprinng, therefore it is better to let them go barren and fatten them the coming year. Neither should they be too young, not less than two years old past, so'they may be three years old the spring their first lamb is dropped. I will give my rules for telling the age. A lamb has eight srniall teeth on the lower jaw, called the sucking teeth. When It is one year old past the two center'ones come out, and two wide ones fill their places. Thus they change, two coming out yearly until they are four ye ge1mt past, at which time tlihy have a full setif these wide, short teeth, setting closely tO ether, After this, they grow long and narrow, and I.time will loosen and fall out. Sheep will 4sh well as long as these teeth remain fir.tiiSo they can fec.a in sum mer. I have known the native or coarse sheep to live and do wdIt until it is fifteen years old, Select a buck with large, ftll a.tct, which indicates a good constitution. f.'the flockissmrnall the buck may run at large with them, but if large he should be put with them morning nmd night. In no WCse sh.old twS bthuks be allowed in the same tlook`at the same time, for it so, many SWrD.s will not prove with lamb. Managed in this way one buck will Suffice for from 53 to 100 sheli!), if properly fed. His food should consist of good, early-cut hay, with a: few oats. also potatoes, pumpkins or other vegetables. Corn is not good, it is too stiim ulating. The ewes will usually drop ;.heir lambs in three days less than five months from the time of their service. They sho:ild be kept in good condition throughout hlie year. Sheep, unlike other stock require much fresh air. They should have a warm inclos urc for cold, stormy weather. one that can be well ventilated when the wether permits, also plenty of out-door exercise, (with free access to water), for it is well known that they invariably select the highest point of land in the pasture to pass the night ; but in: a storm the most sheltered place. Sheep in summer eat much browse and herbage; thus they are the best stock to eat up the poor hay, such as usually grows on low land or new land. DEATH OF THE DAM OF LULU. Kate Crockett, the dam of Lulu, died at Spring Hill Stud Farm, Flushing, Long Is land, on Tuesday, January 18. She met with an accident a week previous which re sulted in the untimely closing of her career asa matron. She was twenty-two years old, having been fooled in 1854. In color she was a bay. HIer height was fifteen and three-fourths hands. Her sire was imported Hooten, and her dam by Texas, grandam by Conn's Sir William, by Sir William, by Whipster, by Whip. About five years ago Mr. Durkee was impressed with the idea that the true way to breed trotters which would command a ready price in the mar ket was to secure mares which had produced winners, and send them to stallions of fhsh ionable blood. Acting upon this idea lihe purchased the dam of Mohawk, Jr., the dam of Mambrino Bertie and Kate Crockett. As the latter was but seventeen years old when lie got her, it was reasonable to hope she would yield him a number of sons and daughters. When Kate Crockett came from Kentucky to Spring Hill she was in foal by Almont. The produce was- twins, which she lost. She was then bred to Blackwood, and produced a colt which is now two years old, and called Goodwood. This is a 'stal lion, and as a matter of course is valued highly at Spring Hill. She left no other son and but one daughte, by Alexander's Ab dallah, now owned by Mr. Crockett, to keep her memory green. But the performances of Lulu have covered her with glory. The name of Kate Crockett will always occupy a conspicuous place in the stud book. She lived until she saw her daughter crowned Queen of the trotting turf. Her heart had cause to swell with pride before she died. The old mare was in foal to Dictator at the time she met with the accident that resulted fatally. The filly was taken from her womb a month before the natural time, and every effort was made to rear it by haind. It lived only twenty hours. It is to be hoped that Goodwood will be given a chance to distingtish himself on the turf. Mr. Durkee has suff.red a serious loss in the death of Kate Crockett. JERSEYS. A correspondent of Colman's Rural World has the following to say of the qualities of Jersey cattle : The wonderful richness of the milk of the Jersey cow, makes her the most valuable for butter, while her yield of milk is not, as many suppose, small. But few breeds of any kindl will yield more, when flesh, than good Jerseys-many giving from twenty to twenty-two quarts. But when we take into consideretiop the way they hold outs even to the day of calving, they are exceeded by none. We have Jerseys whlbh, while they give only ten to twelve quarts a day, when fresh, will give six or seveni quarts, a month before calving, and cannot be dried off for more than a few days if at all. This is a very valuable character istic, and at the end of the year makes a large aggregate yield of milk. A uniform quantity daily, during the entire season, is much more desirable than to have more milk than is wanted when the cow is fresh and none for three to five months when ot dinary cows are usually dry. The large annual average yield is not the only merit of the Jersey. The fine color and waxy text ure of the butter is well known. Again, her small size enables her to be kept at less expense than other cattle. One-half the feed necessary for a large native or grade )ur'ham, which gives a large yield of milk, will keep a Jersey, which at the end of the year will be found to have yielded just as much. They are invaluable for family and dair-y use, and unlike the shorthorn and other blooded races, they are sold at conm paratively low prices, and within the reach of nearly all, so that there is scarcely a farmer but what can :Affird to buy a young bull at least, and in a few years can raise a herd of grades that will be nearly as good I as full bloods for everything but breeding purposes. A MODEfL IDING SCHOOL. We e are glad to perceive that a taste for the saddle is imost decidedly on the increase with our young people of both sexes in New York, and we think that this journal has a fair claim to sonic credit for having promot ed it. The truth is that a certain amount of equestrian skill will soon be recognized here, as it is by the better classes abroad, as a nec essary accomplishient wliithout which tlhe education of neither gentlem:in nor lady will be considered complete. South of the Potomac those who do not ride well enough for all practical purposes are the rare exceptions, and the girls are as much at home on a high-spirited horse as they are upon a ball-room floor, and they never appear so large as when in the saddle. This may be attributed to hereditary tastes derived from their British ancestry, and to the bad roads in the South, upon which the discomforts and indeed the positive dangers of travel are much greater on wheels than upon the back of a sure-footed horse. here in New York, until the Central Park was laid out, there was no pleasant place where a lady cold indulge in security in a pleasant canter on horseback, that most delightful and inspiriting of all out-door enjoyments, in which a graceful figure is shown to the best advantage, and which gives to the eye that brilliancy, to the complexion that glow and to the nerves that firmness and temper indicative of the perfect health, so indispen sile to the highest order of beauty. Until recently good saddle-horses were rare in New York, and even now they must be sought for in Kentucky and the Southern States, but a greater difficulty here has been to find competent riding masters. The fact is, that riding masters, like poets, must be born such. It is one thing to ride well, and quite another to impart the art to others. Impecunious foreigners have set up for rid ing- masters without the slighest claim to the title ; their claims were never disputed, be cause the general impression is that the whole duty of the teacher is to familiarize his pupils with the saddle, and that their equestrian education is finished when they can stick on and guide the horse at his vari ous gaits without tumbling oil. To sit a horse without falling is but the A B C of an art in which it is as difficult to excel as it is to become an accomplished fencer or swim mer. Indeed it requires many months' at tendance at the riding school, under an ac complished master, to acquire the equestrian skill exacted by the Continental Govern ments from all aspirants to commissions in the army. We are familiar with the riding schools both at home and abroud, but have never seen in any of them a teacher so thoroughly capable of imparting all the niceties of the equestrian art as Mr. De Bussigny, who, with the well-known Fred Englehardt, has roundled the Central Park Riding School. Mr. De Bussigny is a graduate of the great French schools of Saumer and Alfort, and he teaches the philosophy of riding-not only to. back a horse, but £o control and manage him, if necessary, with a pack thrfad for bridle reins. We have never seen his equali in imparting to his pupils a firm graceful seat and a light, flexible hand.'- Turf, Ficld and Farm.. GooD YIELD OF WOOL.-Mesrs. Sev erance & Peet, of Alainada, Cal., gives us a record of fleeces from 30 ram lambs, 1 year old, sheared by them Dec. 15, 1875, but as an animal is always one year old until it is two, we suppose these were lambs of the spring of 1S74. We can only give the aver ages, although they send us the number of every alinmal on their books, and the yield of wool each. The average per head was 20 lbs 2' oz wool to each sheep. Also they send report of shearing of eleven two-year-. old ramns, that carried 13 months fleeces, the average being 33 lbs, 4oz to each. IRST NATIONAL BANK OF IIILENA.. Designated Depository of the United Etates, S. T. HAIUSTE, - - - - resident. D). C. CORIIN, - - - - - Ca3hier. T. 11. KLEINSCHIMIDT, - Ass't. Cashier. We transact a general Banking business and buy at the highest rales, GOLD DUST, COIN, GOLD AND SILVER BULLION, And Local Sccuritice; and sell Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers. Available in all parts of the United States and Can adas, Great Briain, Ireitaud and thle Continent. Collections made and pr(c weds reumitted promptly. Helena, January 20, 1Il76-tf NOTICE TO DELINQUENTS. Notice is hereby given, to the following persons, who are delinquent for taxes on pIersonal property, that unless the sname is paid before the 29th day of February, 1876, I shall proceed to seize property, and enforce the payment thereof :ccording to law. Yr. Nones & Ain't. ir. Names cn. 1875'Sam'l Ash $330 1871 A S Gillott(lan " G Anthony 16 77 y $473 J" ohn ,Buge s~ 1144 1875 " 2 11 W T BIurk llel'a 5,3": ! 1873 Jce llTrdle 13,54 1873 Enos Benosi 9 '!l(; !874'I ilig.lower 4(04 1874 '' 11 0 ,1875' 425 " Ed Brassy 777 John Harring " ig) Bediord 9 51 18741 Ion, l elena 1 49 1873 " b 7'55'1875J ,M liolliday 11:,09 " Ii N Barber 7't41; , Indi n Creek I " L Bonham 6* ' Fe. r 10;56 " ''ranklin Bain 14 74 1874 TA ohnso: n 847 " We. Basev 50r " 11I' Jennings 11 11 IBoston & Gilb'n 3,9 1I 1875 Neils Johnson 11 !22 1873 John Chartres 9 00 " ' Jackson 4 62 1875 Joe Calron 14:21' " lIen F .,Jhnson 11d51 " Steve Centre 6 23 ' 1872 ' \m Kulp) 15 5 " 106 1874, LB Knapp 6(0 SIJ A Campbell 682 1875: " ,72 L 1)ooliltle 46 55118'74 John Laur 1!21i "H 1B Fowler 12 10 1875 " ( l(b " Wt Fox 6 23 '' Jas Logan 6 29 "A Foller Helens 94 IC V Lee 8 .I7 " J I Graves 376 1874 Gco LAurence 6 80 " Wm Geary 8'60 1875 " 21134 " Louis Griswold 8:'l1 " ,nnm'l Leeper 7i88 1873 Pat Grilliin ('34 1873 Petelr !olyette I6 70 1874 '" 53 72 1874 ' 16,20 " J McDonald 13 92, 1873 Joe Mc3Mullen 14330' 1875 " 1016''1875 ' " 8.83 F Miller 14653 1874'` M ,IcS tan " J L Miller 101781 ley, Clancy 6 79 SArchie McIn- ;" i'S Thorp I8 03 tosh 8 93 " Jake Vca'lloose 7,71 " JI Needham 10 71;'1 5 6 2! " Thos Nelson 5:76' 1 3 AWm W1 ood 1(6 68 " W C Officer, .1 4' Wnork & Craig 11 95 Radersburg 9 24~1 W\alwork & 12 32 1871 Luther Price II 22' I Pogue 1873 W D Robbins 14 6' " Pat Waters 4:03 18744 " 0 42' " ,John Wagner 3 50 1875 M C Roach, I I " WPW ood, fel.2616 . H Ielena .9 13 " F V \ iilson, I " D & l Riflle 32 43'' I Hamil'nGalCo 7660 " R Radler, It- I 1 84l enry Young, Radersb'rg '- 35' Helena 5'99 1874 W C Smith & i 1875 J Satterwhite 992 Bro 381 25 " '\\'mn Sherman 1032 1875 Chas Seabright 5 501 "' `Smith, Lovell i " Wm Scott, 1el- ' ' " ! & Co 2'64 ena 2,90 ' " Jake Schutz 6'82 " Robt Smith 3 78i1873 C 1W Thrailkill 35!)5 "H J Standridge 14'65:: 174i " 26164 C. of. UT TON, Collector of Meagher Co. APPLICATION FORi PATENT. No. 440. U. S. Land Oflche, TTelenn, M. T. February 10, 1876. Notice is hereby published, that Andrew Dusold, Francis M. Hauck, and Wesley Basye, whose post ofllice address iB Canyon Ferry, Meagher County, Montana Territory, have this day filed application for patent, under the mining laws of Congress, for their placer mining claim, situated in Avalanche gulch mining district, Meagher county, Montana, designated as lot No. 38, in T 11 N 112 E, which claim is not recorded, and described in the official plat and field notes on file in this oifice as follows: Beginning at a granite stone 18x16x4 in., marked 1 M C 38, from which the North-east corner of lot No. 37, t 11 n r 2 e bears s 36 deg 42 min w 144.58 chains distant, and running thence s 56 deg e 2.10 chains; thence a 80 deg e 7.50 chains; thence s 68 deg e 7.50 chains;'ethenee n 22 dleg e 1.70 chains; thence n 65 doeg w 14 chains; thence u 22 deg e 10 chains; thence n 7.50,chains; thence n 16 deg '0 min w 34 chains; thence s 46 (leg 30 min e 2.05 chains; thence n 35 deg e 44.50 chains; thence n 61 deg e 29 chains; thence a 20 deg w4.50 chains; thence s 80 deg w 6 chains; thence s 52 deg 30 min w 21.43 chains; thence s 39 dog 15 min w 44.50 chainsi thence n 36 dog w 11.50 chains; thence n 49 deg 45 mm w 20 chains; thence n 33deg 30 min w 16.53 chains; thence s 77 deg w 6.38 chains; thence s 43 deg 15 mine 19.65 chains; thence s 44 deg 15 nin e 19.13 chains; thence s 23 deg 15 mine eI chains; thence s 27 deg e 25.80 chains; thence s 8 deg 45 mm e 10.30 chains; thence a 11 deg 15 mine 8.70 chains; thence s 29 dog 30 min w 12.27 chains to the place of beginning, embracing 73.67 acres. A no tice of said application, together with a plat of the premises claimed, was posted thereon on the 11th day of November, 1875, according to law. he adjoning claimants to these premises are W. Basye and A. busold on the south, and Blackwell & Co. on the north-west, placer claims. Any and all persons claiming adversely any por tion of the mining claim above described, are here by notified that unless their adverse claims are dull filed according to law, within the sixty days' periole of publication hereof, with the Register of the U. S. Land Oflice, at Helena, Montana Territory, they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the statute. J. IH. MOE, Register. B. F. MARnsu U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. February 16-nI3-5w. . F. MARSH, U. S. DEPUTY ~INERAL SURVEYOR, U. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYOR HELENA, - - MONTANA.