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Rocky Mountain husbandman. [volume] (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, March 02, 1876, Image 1

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ROCKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN
......... ........ .. ..... . ... ......- --- ----- ---_ - --- _- ...................
PER ANNUM. A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live-stock, Ilomi Reading,'and General NCWS. * I I Ct P.
PRIVOO SINNILE COPY.
VOL. 1. DIAMOND CITY, M. T., MARCII 2, 187(6. NO. 15.
.. .. . . .. . . .. . .. . . . . . . . m~ m m mm l mm . m mmm um
IUUJLISIIlDUi;i WlII.h:Y .y.
R. N. SUTHERLIN,
EDIT)O AN)D PROPIiHII I t],I
The Roc'KY MOUT..x I[su\1rI ..AN is designed
to be, is the nli iiCllll. icate-o, a jl. hat n allllll in ecrver
ceuseof the termn, ehbrailg in its colutn ev erg
depart ienlt of A1 riculture, S'oc(k-rai..ing, Ilorti
•ctiturte, ociatll an lI )omecstic lEci))nmiv
A DIVI':ItTISING 1t.'I'Et.
Iweek $ $- = . `! = 9 11 20
SweekA` I 4 7 1!) 12' ]15 8 o
1"mnlth 5 12 1 i Js 21 40 0
0nt1'h-5 10 Ii I i~t ;o i ;1H) 42 ) 1 20
( i month: IS 25 3. 5 1 i 1'2 200
I year ;0 4) (0 75( j 0 _ 105 , 1S0 251
'l'r:ansient ad\'ertisements payable in advance.
Regular al\vertisemenlts payable quarterly.
'wenty-live per cent. addedl for special a:dvcertise
I eIllts.
AGRICULTURAL.
THE following essay upon tihe agrictltu
Tal and stock-growing adVarutages of Mon
'al:na, wvas reard by the editor of this paper at
the last session of the Territorial Grange:
Montana, the most isolated of the Amieri
scian States and Territories ; remote fr'om the
seaboard ; without the great iron thorough
fares which are the equallizers of sections
iher only great natura:l highway, thie Missouri
river, navigable only a few months in the
year ; traversed by lofty chains of snow
white mountains ; to the cas.ual observer is
possessed of but few inducements to the
Ilusbandnman. But attracted hithced by a
N thirst for the precious metals with which her
gulehes and mountains abound, we have
found(l her valleys to be fertile and capable of
yielding as rich returns for labor as any por
lion of tihe Union. With a clanate more
healthy and less rigorous than any country
of her latitude ; pasture la-nds in quantity
and quality unexcelled ; and thousands of
irivulets, brooks, and rivers, affording un
limnited water power, we have facilities not
.else.rhere to be found. Yet with all these
taitural advantages, our agricultural popu
lation are not enjoyingr so great a degree of
Iprosperity as in less favored localities.
Let us develop our resources and utilize
,our water-powers by the erection of manu
itactories. We need an paper mill to work up
our rubbish; a beet sugar manuitcetory to
supply our wants in that line, and a woolen
mill to convert our wool into fabrics.
1By a proper disposition of our products,
the imarket can be greatly strengthened and
increased. Besides the increase of consuni
(ers oc(c:sisled by the erection of nmanufacto
aries, such as would yield a handsome income
and at the same time lessen the rates of liv
;ing by A greater diversity of crops oand
careful attention to horticultiure, we can bet
ter supply our wants and thus save the cost
,of transportation on many articles, as well
as furnish us more employment. Bacon a:id
pork should be plroduceed at home. Corn
for bread&tuff, which is regarded :is a luxu
iry here, -ann, in many localities, be raised
profitlal;1y A great ninmany varieties of small
fruit can be grown, in great quantity andt of
superior quality-yet we are supplied entire
ly with a fcreign article.
We see n.o good reason why. by prof r at
tention to the acclimation of ltrees, large
fruits camnot be grown with as much success
as in our fsi.ter states of like tempera:ture.
But what is most needed at present is that
we study more clo:sely and reduce more
thoroughly to practice, the sicence of agri
culture. Cultivate a less numlhi'er of nac'es
and do it lettr ; summ er fallow our lands.
or by the use of fertilizers, keep til.am tip to
their ori.inal c::apacity ; s;uldy tlme. sc:ence ot
Irrigation-howl to water and hiw oilin, to
obtain the best results. Tire inl ,ml: i''n of!
artesian wells would be valu,!i:-. :wd in
many ilSt;tanccs p1'rove less tx]h,-' I11:
Oling canals. Give inure attention t:. ,,,-k
ill w\iter. I'rovidle foo and s!eltelr; re
1en1beri(n1_" the principles of our1 Order, to
protect the dlumb :animals front abuse. Shel
ter thmn 1 frolt the driving storm. While
-toik tlri\re andl retai iitheir 1lesh in newly
settled districts, iii tilickly settled portions
of the colltry, where the t ra:tlige is iinpoc
erished (durin"g Stlliwlre', feed a10d shelter
should he prov l ided( . No sto1k-grower should
pasture his winter range during sti(nluer,
but the high altitudes where the snow lies
deep in win ter' should he used, and will be
wIhlcl economy ill range is requllired to be
exercised. Much loss could l:have been pre
vented the past winiter byv a little prepara
tioll. Ill the future, therefore. let its prolit
by experience. Feed cutters can he had at
rea(sonab)le rates, 1111 a (lurrelit wheel in any
of our st reams would afford sutliciet power
Sand at trilling expentse, to prelpare the chloic
est food for beef and dairy animals. But
always bri ings a good price in winter, and in
early spring when beef is scarce-when the
demand cannot be supplied fronm the frontier
by reason of imiipassible snowy ranges-our
farmers who ellngage in stock-ra'ising on a
small scale can find an easier anid more prof
itable market for stall fatted cattle. By con
verting our products into beef, we would
more ellee inally exemplify our principles of
inarketing on the hoo\, and find it easier to
drive to market on foot than to wheel it in
the bushel.
Let us build tip a sure and steady market;
organize it simple, practical, yet complete
systemt of co-operation ; attend properly to
our educational interests ; relplenish our
libraries with useful books, and our minds
with practical knowledge ; give the youths
and maidens of our land a tthorough agri
cultural education ; learn them the duties of
htiusbandinan and matron ; beautify our
lhomes-they will love them-we will be
happy, and our bretlhren from the crowded
east will come and take fortune with us.
It is necessary- that our noble Order be
comue co-existant with the agricultural pop
.ulation of the Territory ; that neighborhlood
jealousies be laid aside, and that we meet in
the grange mroom as brothers and sisters;
that sectional strife be buried, and that we
meet in Territorial capacity as one people,
looking to the interests of all.
To accomplish this ; to aid in the dissemi
nation of inf'ormation peculiar to our locali
ty ; to furnish us with the best and latest
information, and our sons and daughters
wtli practical truths, and to enable ourselves
to confer with each other upon all subjects
of lmaterial interest, and profit by each
other's experience ; to proclaim to the world
our marny advantages, and thereby encour
age initnigration, it is necessary that we
have a first-class agricultural newspalper.
As patrons, we could work together more
intelligently, co-operate to a better advan
tage, and could learn more of each other
and our fraternal trust be strengthened.
WHITE WHEAT---THREE VARIETIES.
What is wanted by the farmer who de
pends on his farm for a living, and who has
ino time or money to invest in experiments,
is a sort of wheat that has been tried in this
climate and soil, and is found to he adaplted
to them. Such a wheat is the Seneca or
C'lawson, as it is also called, a white wheat
which originated with a uthrner nt:ed Claw
sonll, of Seneca county, New York, sevenl
years ago. In its e:uarlier days, it was namedl
by a Pennsylvania seedsman, " Early May
Red Chi(':lf White " wheiat, for the a]olilion
of which lengthy nalties thuinks are due to
smtebody. The same wheat has a]lso 1een
called Eureka, but public fhvor seems to !,
conteettratit g on Seneca as the fiittu e liUi
f)r it.
The Sencva is a white wheat. with sn,',
head. tel 'huh. atid long strawl ; ! th1
.rower :i -! lthorouighlv hardy. It .:
thro, ,' " r.i t- time of last witt :.
iti ( .-u :'... ! be United Stuttes, in 1
..:.: , a :ny other variety th:.
know of. It is from ten days to a fortmniht
earlier tian l varieties now il use. iThe vield
i larger thma that of tihe corlnmonm kinds,
many instances hein'g recorded(l where, in tihe
samie field and iunider the samie treatmmlelt,
the Seneca lnas yielded thirty-live bushels
against the twenty 1ushels of the D)ichl,
Fultz. Treadwell or Mediterrane:a. For
those of our farmers who want :a reliabIle
wheat-one thit it is safe to tie to-the Seln
eca is the thing.
out by the United States Department of Ag
riculture a, few years since. We know of
but one instalice of it having I Deei tried in
iCanada ; inl that case it proved very success
ful. lhaving sto last winter well and having
ripened very miceh earlier than neig-hhoring
sorts. In earliness it is claimed by growers
in Ohio, New York, Vermont and Michigo,:an
to be two or thrce weeks ahead of I )iehl
and otlher comimon sorts. Time straw is short
and stiff. rendering it not liable to lodge.
The Lead is heavy, and the grain is large
and gives a superior quality and yield of
flour.
The Silver-chlaf is another new wheat,
well thought of across the line, but not yet
mnuch kltnown in Canada. It is a white wheat
with white chaff, and lnediunl straw; it has
a long, s.mooth head, with large grains. A
peculiarity about it is, that its flower extends
about three-quarters of an inch from the
head when in bloom. This gives it a silvery
look, from which it derives its name. The
Silver-chaff originated in New York State.
It is claimed to be p1erfectly hardy, having
been tried alongside of other varieties, and
to have come out of the winter as well as
any of them.
There is every problability from all the in
formation we can glean that both the Tap
pahannock and the Silver-chalf will prove
valuable acquisitions. VWe recommend those
farmers who are disposed to experiment, to
try these varieties.-canada Farner.
A correspondent in Outaguamie county,
Wis., has ascertained from tihe threshers
that in that county the varieties of wheat
have yielded at the rates stated : )iehl
wheat, 34 biushels per acre ; Fultz and R us
sian wheat (lately imported from Russia by
a miller at the village of Nee(nah), each 33
bushels. The latter is a white wheat, said
to be equal to the Fultz in standing the win
ter, and(, therefore, thought to be preferable.
The variety of spring wheat producinmg the
largest yield was the Canada Club-33 bush
els per acre.
A. o'hn1'r:1N)NvniNr 01f Colmanc's I?utal
Jr, rldi say, the AIIlpha potaitoe is the best
Variety inl cuiltivition. It slitatres lit for
table us fift ece (lays Cearlic than the .early
Rose. Ile (1csclribcs it as being 1of white
color, fine grain), 1111)1, dli aid excel hent in
cvceI'y respect. We nlotice all accIuluit, ill the
G'ardcenes (Cron icc, of an Euuglshuiiauuu
growing)( one hulliltlrCel and( twenty-onei
h)olunds of this variety train one ponuli( of
s~eed plaintecII. A lii st-ebiss (certi Ii lut hIIs
julIst bcen) alwalrdcedl tliis j ot atoC by the IRoy:al
Ilorticultuiral Society, oft LondIoinli.
FaA NK lINr Coiuuity, Kfl usals, shipped soiliC
25.01)(1 buishi(1s ot (fast o bal)C 1) 1hI last sea
sº. thI dCCeiIts fir the i uiie :io(uutiulg to
!fally SIOO.000.
A LICI' ofI 11 s il CCnd l (:eed l 'V· er sjhjip
ped 11(00 J)es M( ine(, recentlt to. a(0 fil ox i
ill (1h~inese plaiutei', ait. -ili gpor(, BritIish
India.
1';: 'irI 3d1 of, *Ihilifiy, Mie~hiuan fa nuners
ý 0)i pýilig 11hei1 fields. Oui the 10th~ (t
oit of the fhrrow:. Is it ailly
ill lovYe A uiwrilc(
I )nu~iiai Fawnier says Ahtfihlf, of Lii
pgane hhfiutC ill the State by the
' llu-nd of acres.
FLORICULTURE.
FLOWER GARDEN.
T'ree and slihrub) planting may be contin
ucd as oplortlulity and weather permit; as
a rule, all the evergreen tribe are best plant
ed in early autumu, but deciduous trees from
now to the end of Febl)ruary. Thorns, Li
I(as, lablurnunts, Syringas, Tulip-trees,
I orse and Spanish (Chestnuts, and other
Ilowerilng trees are not pllanted in half such
numbers as they ought to be. The rage for
('oniters seems to have thrown them into
the shade, and though this is a class of plants
at all times worthy of admiration, the dan
ger is that. we shall soon have too much of a
good thing. lHerbaceous borders may now
at any time be rearrangllled and trinmmedi up,
dividing any kinds requiring it, and forking
and manuring the grounds. Usually bulbs
of many kinds are intermiixed in these bor
ders, and therefore the operator will require
to use great care not to injure them : vacant
spaces may be filled in with Anemones, Ran
mutuluses, Liliumns, and Gladioli, all of which
(do well if planted at this season. Plant
Roses as soon as piossible, if a bloom is ex
pected next June. I)eep rich alluvial loam,
made rather firm, is the kind of soil in which
hoses delight, but such not being always at,
conuna:tl , tihe best substitute is to manunre
freely, and especially by surface mulching.
Dahliias should be occasionally looked over,
and kinds requiring to be increased be at
once planted illn ots or boxes, and putt in
heat. Cannas are invalualle lplants for the
"''subtropical" garden ; old roots of these
may now be divided and started in gentle
heat; a single crown will make a hirge plant
by planiting time. Also propagate for the
same purpose Abutilon Boule de Niege1 A.
Duc ide Mlalakoff and A. Thomsoni varigata,
Aralia papyri'fera and A. Sieboldii, Caladi
inn esculentiiin, D)racima autistralis, Ficus
elastica, and Ilhllrmilmu tenax. All the
above are easy of )propagation where a bot
tom heat of i 0 and 60 0o top heat can be
given. Seeds of the following can be raised
with similar heat, and will, if sown now,
make line plants for putting out in the "'sub
tropical" garden at the end of May: Aca
cia lophalthn, Acaunthus latifolia, A maran
thus solicitblius, (Chanimepeuce (!asabona,,
and C(. (licanii ha, Ferdinaluda etninens, Mel
ialthus major, Bieiluon mnumy varieties; Sol
artuns, ditto; Salvia argentea, Wiganidia
caraceasana, WV. miacroplvylla, and Zea ('uz
ko.-Gardcner's C'hronicle, Jan. 2.
WEren: it not 1f1r' tihe illcoliveilence and
amouilt of care reqllired to give the neces
sary prlotectionl, a great limajority of the
himes in our cities andul cluntry towns would
doulbtlless, be mlade more attraictive and
cheerful, during the dreary months of win
ier, by the presence of beautiful plants and
tlower's.
A cheal) antd easy mode of protection, and
one, too, lwhich Ihas proved ced etual, as file
as tried., except, where the ho(use is very cold
or the weather extremely severe, is to place
the plants at iight, before the room has he
collie cool, ill a colilllc: e, ll'lll on the floCr or,
tablte, and tlheu encircle then with a stiff
board pap er, stuh as is used for building
purloses. of sutlicieint width to enclose the
plants, making a lop of tIe saile materia!,
or e.ve, ing. with c:arplets or blankets or both ;
lso haiing 'cloths around the lower edge of
I he paper. Shielded in this way, the plants
\vill go through unuharined, when :water
trcezes in tlhe110 r11om outride.
'To gIve aihIitioal hlrotebtion, a kerosene
IpplrtmIle above for hlie gas alil Slitoke to
'sc:ipe. It is hietter t(, havea funnllel extend
nom the a liPerlture down to lhe lail) ci ha
iey, tI) lpleent lheie heat. from passing oil,
nIII the iltre readlily to lcarry oti the fuinew
,it tihe burning oil, which would injure the
h(,,:i Ilohwers aure usedl inl New York City
in :t dy than London uses inl a w'eek.

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