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Roudy Nountain Husbandmlan.
R. N. SUTHIERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, MARCH 2, 1870. ;OTrmIN is more disagreeable to the flut mer, when he picks up a paper, to find a long leader upon economy. The man who is struggling along without many of the actual necessaries of life, to say nothing of the years that have passed since he was able to enjoy its luxuries, is in a poor mood to read the suggestions of some kid-gloved editor upon the necessity of more rigid econ omy. He looks about the scantily furnished room, and sees nothing that could be dis pensed with; his little children that play around the room are poorly clad; his good wife, busy with the daily rotation of house hold duties, is dressed in the simplest man ner. Unable to see where retrenchment should begin, he lays the paper down. Now, economy is a good thing, and should be practiced by all, especially the laboring class, and occasional articles on the subject would not be amiss, provided the writer knew whereof he was writing. Economy does not mean downright stinginess-upon the other hand, many persons are too penu rious to practice it. It is not economy for the farmer to rob himself and family of the comforts of life. A few hours given daily to recreation and an occasional day to pleas ure, is usually the means of diffusing more U1b and activity into many a home, and re u1lt3 advantageously to the work of the farm. Economy means that wisdom and Judgment should be exercised in all things, in order that no labor be spent in vain. If you have a new wagon, although you have purchased it at Grange prices, it is not econ omy to let it stand in the sun simply because it would cost a few days' labor and i' few dollars' worth of lumber to prepare a shel ter for it. If you have a good team, it is neither good Judgment nor economy to keep them on half rations because grain is selling at a good price. SLet newspaper men, who are so apt to think, (in the matter of advice,) that "it is nIQre blessed to give than to receive," re member that charity should begin at home, and apply some of their valuable sugges tions to their own cases, that they may know whereof they speak. WBn PUBLISH this week, the North and So.th railroad bill, as passed at the last ses sion of the Legislature. The provisions of this bill are plain and easily understood. It provides foi the subsidizing of a railroad from Franklin, .Utah, to a given point in this Territory. The first question to be considered by the tax-payers of this Territory Is, whether or pot the need of a railroad is so urgent as to ~asldif us in voting a subsidy to any railroad. The next and equally important question to be determined is, whether or not; this road is the proper one to subsidize. The value of such a lite may be readily estimat Ad by the useftee of that portion now in peIration between Franklin and Ogden. Tf re are many serious objections to the proposition! It is a subsidy outright, given to a narrow gauge road, whieh Is impracti cable and !hadequate for a umpn trunk line; almost entirely useless 14 wtoter, as shown by the experience Of th1p winter. It places us at the mercy of g monopoly, and Is cal culated to accommo4tte, nd, that imperfect ly, only a sm#|l1 portiop of the Territory vwithout the possibility of )ti being, except to a very !|mite4 extent, a s.urce of revenue to the ''erritory, In view of these and many other facts, we *shall recordt Qer yote North and 8outh rail m ed sqbsidy, No, believipg that we are serv hkn the whole Territory by so doing. .Let the'farmers anti stock-growers, who are id~ntitled with the country, and who expect tq nm~te mantan4 their home; those who are to ter the burden of the taxes, read for themer is and gather all the infor mation possible t i the subject; but listen not to the silver tai gued orators, nor heed .the advice gIhli in beutifully colored essays which thos~ .saculaliy interested in the echewe are U tlelyu o ask you to eodter, We shall enu4iavor to pr 4t notiPn brut itis to our r ides, 4qpon tpl~r cool jdgwment to dcqide the mt import t issia 1T tt 4tory c thIe T'errtQ ,. EDITOEIAL COREEP.POBNDENE. GALLATIs CITY, February 23, 1870, It was with reluctance we mounted our t horse on Tttesday, .2d, for a tiews-gathering I and business tour upon the Gallatin. It be ing a national hollitlday, all business seemed I suspended for a day of rest, and every conu- I tenance seemed lighted up with a glow of present and anticipated pleasure. Two dances were the order of the evening. We love fun and frolic, but duty decreed other wise, so we vaulted into the saddle and were - offl to gather items to gratify the desire of a news hungry public, leaving Diamond and her festivities behind. It was a beautiful day. The sun glowed warm, and the road was dry and dusty, the valley free from snow, while the drifts along the foot-hills were fast being fanned into water by the balmy breeze that came steal ing gently in from the south, as if spring had come, but the mountain-tops lay wrap ped in winter's winding-sheet of spotless white, We found the ice-bridge upon the river "a little too thin," but passed over inl safety, and reached A. Macomber's, on Crow creek, before night. This is a pleas ant location, and well arranged for the ac commodation of the traveling public. Mr. M. is Master of Lone Star Grange, which position he fills to the entire satisfaction of, the members. The Grange is in good con dition, and the membership is gradually in creasing. It meets regularly at the appoint ed time, in their new hall, within a few rods of the Worthy Master's residence. Once in our eventful life the fates seemed to decree in our favor, for, though we had left joy and merriment behind, we found it on our way. A dance was the order of the evening, and proved in every way a com plete success. A goodly number of gallant beaux and bewitching belles came forth from Radersburg, St. Louis, Springville and Centerville, and the surrounding valley was well represented. The company was not large, but just large enough to be pleasant. There were twenty-five ladies in attendance, and for beauty, we think they would com pare favorably with those of any portion of the Territory. There were fifty-two num bers taken, yet all went away satisfied. Having "navigated the cumbrous, unwieldy pedal extremity," (we believe there is a new quotation, referring to a light, fantastic toe, but we prefer the old accepted one), partaken. of -the good things, (for the supper wpsi gotten up in a manner calculated to please the most delicate epicure), and enjoyed lov ing smiles to their heart's content, the party dispersed, having spent an evening long to be remembered. Having rested a couple of hours, we rode down the creek a few miles, finding the farmers in good spirits. The good'vweather was tempting them to begin the season's labors, and upon one occasion we noticed a farmer re-setting fence, and digging post holes, there being no frost in the ground to prevent. We called upon our friend, B. F. Bem brick, but he had gone fishing. From his estimable lady, who gave us a cordial wel come, we learned that he would depart soon to see after his herd on the Muscleshell. To wards evening we went to Radersburg, and found it quiet. We met Mr. Chisholm, of the News, there, and it is quite likely when that paper resumes again it will be issued flom that place. We wish the enterprise success. We again rested for the night under the hospitable roof of friend Macomber. In the morning we reconnoitered the premises in search of line stock. We found good and commodious barns, large ricks of hay, and some good colts, but nothblg in the way oqf thoroughbreds except a pair of Berkshire pigs; and it might be well to mention that the splendid ham with which Mr. M.'s table is supplied was of his own raising. From Crow creek to Warm springs a dis tance of nine miles, lies as fine a body of agricultural land as can be found in )on tana. The warm springs are valuable prop erty, affording about two hundred inches of water,' at a temperature of 60 . This water is utilized In summer for Irrigating, and in winter for runling a quartz thi, for which purpose it is just suited, being high enough to secure good fall, and warm enough to prevent its freezing. We stopP~d here a few moments, enjoyed a pleasant chat with Mr~ rJames Nave, the ropietozand 1en aproceet;o Gallatin A CARD. MR, EtiTOR: I see that the .Madisonian editor has accused me of passing a compli ment on him by designating his journal the "top" paper, in a communication written by me from the Capital, dated February 3d. I desire to correct this error through your 4 columns. It isn't you that publishes the "topl)" paper, Tom. W. II. S. GENERAL NEWS. A resolution has been presented to Con gress from the Legislature of Minnesota, asking for such legislation as will provide for a treaty with the Indians occupying the country known as the Black hills, so that the same can be opened to settlement. II. C. Jewell has been appointed to suc ceed Geo. B. McCaster as chief of the bu reau of engraving and printing in the de partment of the U. S. Treasury. The Mississippi levee committee will re port unanimously in favor of appropriating from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000, in the shape of a refund of the cotton tax illegally col lected, to go to the construction of levees. A bill introduced in the Semite by Sargent and in the House by, Piper, amendatory to the silver coinage laws, provides for the coinage of a new silver dollar equal in weight and value to two of the present sil ver half dollars, and proposes to make it a legal tender for amounts not exceeding twenty dollars. The bill abolishes the ex isting legal tender provision regarding trade dollars. It also provides that silver half dollars shall be a legal tender for amounts not exceeding ten dollars, and that the Gov ernment shall replace without loss to the holders all abraded silver coins. The new silver dollar is to be coined on Government account only. A bill is before the Senate to confer ex clusive jurisdiction over Indian reservations to U. S. courts, and to punish crimes com mitted by and against Indians. An amend ment providing that any person found upon an Indian reservation contrary to law, and who shall refuse or neglect to remove there from upon the request of the agent or super intendent, shall be deemed guilty of misde meanor, and upon conviction be fined not exceeding $500, or imprisoned not exceed ing on year, or both, etc., was agreed toe. The Farmers' and Traders bank of St. Louis, has suspended. R. A. Dyer, Cashier, is defaulter for $30,000 and is missing. At the Bay District track, near San Fran cisco, February -~ thl four mile and re peat race, for the $30,000 purse, was won by Foster, Rutherford, who was the favorite, coming in six open lengths behind. A resolution impeaching Gov. Ames, of Mississippi, of high crimes and misdemean ors in office, has been adopted by the Legis lature of that State. The counsel for Lieut. Gov. Davis filed a plea denying the articles of impeachment against himself. The Grand Duchess Marie Nicolainena, sister of the Emperor of Russia, is dead. At the late election in France the republi can principles have everywhere been defeat ed and radicalism is triumphant. The tone of the Roman Catholic journals is particu larly despondent. The amount of bullion withdrawn from the 'Bank of England on balance, on the 21st, was £20,000. A Vienna special reports great floods in Moravia, and that one hundred and twenty houses were destroyed, Among the victims of the explosion of the boiler of the steamship Strathclyde, was Mrs. Green, daughter of Dion Boucciault. Official bulletins to Madrid, announce that the Alfonsists captured, twenty-three cannon in Estella. The Carlists sacked the city be fore evacuating it. Geueral Coserta, with seven battalliots and eleven field pieces, was routed near Vera, by three Altonsist battal lions. The jury in the Babcock case returned a verdict of not guilty. TERRITORIAL NEWS. From the Moxtanwan. Messrs. Sedmrnu & McGregory have nearly completed their ditch from Granite creek to Adobetown, by which they will be enabled to use the water of t}At stream in ground slucing their extensi ve claims. The use of .this water will be a Yvhable aid to~the firm (i wo.king their groutld, and -yill, amrply "e pay their enterprise in bringingit on to their works Every day brings reports from the quartz mining district of improved prospects in the lodes, and indications of increased activity in this iml)ortant branch of mining industry during the coining season. From Bannack, Trapper. Vipond, and Butte we hear cheering news, and are assured that if but a tithe of the. present expectations are realized, there will be a large augmentation of the yield from our gold and silver mines, and that another year yer will see the demonstra tion of the fact that Montana possesses min eral-bearing lodes in no whit inferior to those of the chief bullion producing States and Territories. Already the shipments from Philipsburg are marvelous compared with the former yield from the mines in that regon, and in a short while their producing capaci ty will only be limited by the facilities for treating the ores as they are extracted from the mines. The failures of the past have brought experience--dearly bought, in many instances-and this virtue, which is proverbially said to "make fools wise," com bined with energetic effort, will place our quartz mines in their true light, and devel op the hidden wealth in our mountains. Steady, persistant labor, aided by judicious ly invested capital, are bringing to the light mines of wealth which would gladden the eyes of the most sanguine prospector, and we speak by the card when wie say that the future of Montana as a mineral-producing region never appeared more bright than it does to-day. With the almost daily discov ery of mines, and their successful working to encourage us, what may we not predict of the results of quartz mining in Montana in the near future? From the Helena Herald. Van H. Fisk and bride were last evening the recipients of a delightful serenade from the Helena Silver Cornet Band. Wm. Niedenhoffen, for the past year pro prietor of the Hot Springs House, near Clan cy, has removed his family to Butte, where he will take charge of a new hotel. From the New North-West. The How Mill started February 24, on ore from the Banker lode. It seems to work ex cellently. It is to crush 50 tons of Banker ore for Smith & Coughenour. The sound of a steam whistle is entrancing "music in the air" to a Butte man.: The town is full of strangers, among them W. A. Clark, Gran ville Stuart and R. D. Leggatc, Esqs. Col. L. W. ,O'Bannon, Superindent, brought up from the Hope mill at Philip,, burg Friday, 1195) pounds of silver bdlion valued at $20,000, the product of 157"tohs of Hope ore, 97 tons of which was the poor ore sorted from the 300 tons shipped to St. Lonis last fall. There are still 1,000 tons on the dump, 600 tons of which will yield $60 to $65 per ton, The mill with its inadequate machinery only saves about 70 or 75 per cent., but the furnace and batteries have been over hauled,' the boiler is new making ample steam and the mill is crushing 1'2 to 14 tons per day. Sixteen men are working in the mines and 12 in the mill. From the Bozeman Times. Two hundred soldiers anti fifty citizens left Fort Ellis, Tuesday, February 22d, for Fort Pease, to rescue the little garrison of thirteen citizens who, it is reported, are be seiged by 1,500 to 2,000 warriors under com mand of the redoutable Sitting Bull. Two hundred dollars was raised among the busl nes men of Bozeman, in less than two houis, for use of the expedition. Thirty days' ra tions were taken. Says the Bozeman 'l~mgar One 12-pounder and one, Gattling gun ao" company the expedition. The military at the Post furnish all neces sary supplies to the citizens that they may lack, also, all the.transportation. The best spirit prevails, and the officers and soldiers at Fort Ellis go into the expedi tion with a vim, and will give a good accou of themselves if an opportunity occurs. Humanity, public justice, every consid tion, demands a speedy chastisement of Sioux now eneampQd-near, and threa Fort Pease; and it should be now setl1 governs the vast regien between Range and Dakota Territory; wh the Civil and Miitary or the India murdering Indians. The citizens, who accoompany tl tion are of the right stuff an will. co-ope rate with the regulars in good fiith and make. their mark (on the Sioux) if they get a chance. We understand that, through their request, LicLt, Jeroýoelrill comnmaud them.