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RUOSSING DISTINCT BREEDS. The advice is sometimes given in agricul tural journals to cross animals having well defined and distinct characteristics. Still more frequently we hear farmers asking whether such a course would not be advisa ble. One of our acquaintances asks us whether we would advise crossing a thor oughbred Jersey bull on a thoroughbred Durham or shorthorn cow, and what the ef fect would be on the offspring. To this we can only reply that such a cross is not to be thought of, for the precise reason that no one could guess what the progeny would be. Both Jersey and shorthorn breeds have been perfected in their special characteris ties by a long course of in-and-in breeding the Jerseys for milk and butter and the shorthorns for beet and early maturity. Pure bred shorthorns and pure bred Jerseys are far too valuable to be used for breeding animals whose value could not be estimated, and which very likely would have scarcely .any value whatever. Suppose, for example, that the calf from a Jersey-shorthorli cross should take after the shorthorn for fat and, the Jersey for richness of milk and yellow butter, where would the breeder be ? If the animal happened to reproduce the better traits of both parents, the distinctness and purity of its breed would be so broken up by crossing that it would be absolutely worthless as a specimen from which to breed. On the other hand, a cross of a pure bred animal with a native, is pretty sure to im press on the progeny the better character iescs of the thoroughbred. Our native stoc, is generally a mixture of strains with many accidental individual characteristics, but very few of which belong to a family. Hence, these individual characters are apt to be obliterated by the stronger potency of the thoroughbred progenitor. A second cross with the same thoroughbred or one of the same strain, still further "fixes" the pure blood and obliterates the native. By the third or tourth cross the progeny may be depended upon as breeders whenever bred to the same strain to produce animals scarcely interior, possibly in some cases su perior to thoroughbreds. Such crosses will zag1 do to breed from to native or mixed stock, because only in the thoroughbred are the distinctive qualities so fixed as to ensure reproduction of the best type with tolerable certainty. A cross of two thoroughbred animals combining two strong potencies, each impressing widely different character istics, leads tono definite or good result, and should be reprobated by all good breeders. It is found quite profitable to use a Cots rwold or Leicester buck on common grade Merino ewes. The lambs from this cross bring a much higher price from the butcher 'than they would with native blood on both sides, But there would be no advantage in crossing thoroughbred coarse wool bucks on high-priced and thoroughbred Merino ewes. 'Their progeny ought to be worth far more for breeding than for the butcher, and would, if blood were kept pure. It may be almost stated as an axiom, that thorough 'bred animals of any kind are, or ought to be too valuable to use for any p1urpose which would subordinate their value as breeders of pure stock. So long 4s a full blood shorthorn will breed, he or she ought to be worth far more than for beet, and a Jersey cow is worth more for stock breed ing than for milk and butter, If not, then they are not worth breeding at all. We have not yet a tenth part of the pure blood e4 auimuals of any variety needed to. im prove our common stock. So long as this scarcity remains, crossing thoroughbreds is a wicked waste of good breeding animals. For many years to come the best use of full blood stock will be found in improving common and native strains of animals as / nearly as possible like the thoroughbreds they are crossed with, If your native cattle fatten easily and mature quickly, improve them astill further in the same direction by ;an infusion of shorthorn. blood. If your cows are remarkable for butter or milk, ap ply the same rule by a cross of Alderny or Jersey. Violent c:anges of type confuse lbcalcuilations of results, so that the breed g has no idea whatever as to what he may oxpect in the progeny,-Moor'e Jur a NAvw ·dOrker. TWELVE MONTHS' GROWTH OF FLEECE. Did you ever think what a mistake it is to say twelve months' growth of fleece becaruse it has been a year since the sheep was shorn? Some years are called shearing years, because a flock will clip a heavy valu able fleece once in three or four years, and then again a light, dry fleece that you are ashamled to talk about and would not report in the papers at all. Some flocks are every year producing enormous great shearing, that test our credulity, and call in question the veracity of the owner's statements either of weights or time of growth. If you have a thin, poor clip, you can tell the reason readily enough. If you have a large yield of wool, you can tell why. The sheep were either thin in flesh, because you had a dry fall and grass was all dried up ; or you had a poor corn crop, and thought it would not pay to buy grain; or your sheep did badly, and you could not or would not account for facts. Again, the season was favorable, and they were in a splendid fix, and the hay and corn were abundant and cheap, and you had a pride in your sheep and kept them "on tht top shelf," and had all the lambs live and do well, and when shearing time came they cut "piles of wool" that tickled you. In the one case the wool grew all through the year, for the feed and condition kept up animal force and vigor that overcame the heat ot summer, the chilling rains and winds of autumn, as well as the winter's cold. Even the production and sustenance of the lambs was overcome by the extra vigor of the systems, and a full twelve months' growth of wool was given as a result and reward. But where bad treatment-or the more inexcusable cause, neglect-has re duced the stamina of the flock until the sheep has barely lived through the year, and a thin, dry, short, starved fleece is all the owner has for profits for " owning " the sheep, the claim to twelve months' growth of wool is hereby set up. It was, perhaps, only three or four months' growth. It might be six or eight-at most, nine-months out of the twelve that the condition of the sheep permitted thrift sufficient for the pur pose of keeping life in the body and growing wool besides. When the weather is mild, or the shedding ample and comfortable; when the grass grows the year round, so the sheep get a full belly every day; or any lack is supplied by full feeds of grain or hay, or both-the wool will grow every day and when the year is completed, there is a rich fleece in all the essentials of No. 1 wool, and the sheep go to grass again better able to do so again than they ever were before. That is keeping sheep for mutton, or wool, or money.--Cor. Rural World. EXPORTATION OF CATTLE FOR BEEF TO GREAT BRITAIN. This is destined to become an immense and highly profitable branch of business, as soon as arrangements are made for properly con ducting it. The first of these, we think, should be the building of suitable steamships for the sole purpose of transporting cattle across the Atlantic. The model of such we leave to the shipwright; but in passing would say, that the width of beam in pro portion to the length of hull, the more com fortably and economically the animals could be carried. The present class of freight and passenger steamships sailing firom New York and other Atlantic ports, are built too sharp and narrow for the profitable transportation of cattle. In addition to an extra breadth of beam, we would make the ship somewhat wall sided, as this would 'greatly tend to prevent rolling, which is a far more wearing and fret ful motion to animals on a rough ocean, than that of pitching fore and aft. As live-stock can be had in any quantity in America for transportation to Europe, the largest class of vessels can be built with the certainty that they will always find plenty of freight at good paying rates. No country abroad can successfully compete with us m the rearing and breeding of all sorts of improved domestic animals, we can therefore nearly monopolize the British market:; for it is a superior quality ot live stock which is most wanted there and which not only commands the highest price, but is invariably taken in prefereice to interior sorts. The few shipnments hItherto Iarde to Great Britain of cattle for beef have been so Igno rantly and imperfectly conducted, as to re sult more frequently in loss than gain. If proper arrangements are now made, they may be transported for two-thirds to per haps one-half the present rates of freight, and still give the ship-owners a fair profit on the transportation. This would enable the American farmer to offer his animals at a comparatively lower price, and thus increase the demand for them. Another great ad vantage might ensue from adopting im proved methods of shipment, and that is, the aniimals might gain in flesh during the whole voyage rather than lose, as they ngpw generally do, and this upon precisely the same kind of focd, and at exactly the same. cost. Great Britain aild Ireland have been pay ing a terrible price fir many years past on the importation of cattie from the continent of Europe, for it is these that have brought over the fatal diseases that have destroyed so many of their herds, and rendered cattle purchasing from abroad, as well as breeding and rearing at home, so hazardous anld un fortunate. The losses from these foul, fatal diseases may be reckoned up in a single dlt cade at millions of pounds sterling. From America the United Kingdom would have nothing to fear; our cattle are healthy and will be kept so. This consideration alone would enable us to obtain the preference in the British market, and insure us quick and profitable sales for any number, not only of beef cattle, but of improved domestic ani mals of all kinds that we might please to export.-American Agriculturist. DIFFERENCE MADE BY BLOOD. J. B. Latta, Grandview, Louisa county, Iowa, very briefly gives one instance from his experience in handling steers, illustrat ing the ndvantage and profit resulting from the presence of good blood in steers, and the higher price commanded in the market, as compared with scrubs. Some four or five years ago he purchased a lot of sixteen head of steers to round up a lot hlie was ready to ship. Of these, fourteen were good, fair na tive steers, three years old past, and two were three-quarter-bred Durham, two years old, or one year younger than the natives. None of them were corn-fed, and they were taken direct from the farmer's pasture where they were grazing, placed upon the cars and shipped to the Chicago market. The three-year-old native steers sold for $48 per head, and the two-year-old grades for $75 each. These figures are suggestive. Hhid these fourteen native steers been grades like the others, they would have brought $371 more money, without allowing for the difference in age. When we come to consider the dif ference in age, however, and make the pro portionate allowance which the selling price indicates for the early maturity of the grade steers, we find these native steers brought ($597) almost six hundred dollars less than they would have brought had they been good grades. It would seem from this that general farm ors who have no thought of going into the fancy or blooded-stock business, could af ford to pay a good round figure for a thor oughbred bull, even if the number of steers raised by them is very small. There is nothing strange in the light of figures like these, that farmers raising native steers complain of hard times.--Nrational Live-Stock Journal. Cow SUCKING HERSELF.-Take a piece of tin cut out in half-moon shape and bound on the edge with wire. The wire is cut and bent over at the two ends, for the purpose of slipping it into the cow's nostrils. The bit of tin is always in the way when she at tempts to suck, but does not prevent her from feeding. The ground raises the lower edge, and the tin slides along as the cow eats. It is very convenient to put on a calf's nose when it is weaned an'd turned to to grass with the herd. They may be made of tin, zinc or sheet-iron, and cost but little. -Rural World. A WoLF LN' SIIEEP'S CLOTHING.-Brigham Young is well and neatly dressed in cloth made in one of his own woolen mills, from wool grown on his own sheep, on one of his many ranches. An Indiana milkman recently found a bunch of shingles in his cow-yard, bear ing tAhe inript9on, 4 S .hingle your cows," FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF IIELENA. Designated Depository of the United States. S. T. JI'AUSER, - - - - President. 1). C. CORBIN, - - - - - Cashier. T. 11. KLEINSCIIMIDT, - Ass't. Cashier. We transact a gencral Banking business and buy at the highest rates, GOLD DUST, COIN, GOLDAND SILVER BULLION, And Local Securities; and Fell Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers. -Available in all parts of the United States and Can adas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent. Collections made and proceeds remitted promptly. Helena, January 20, 1876-tf SF. MARSH, U. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYOR, HELENA, - - - MONTANA. WALTER W. DELACY, U. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYOR HELENA, - - - MONTANA. In the District Court of the Third Judicial District of the Territory of Montana, in and for the Coun tv of Mcagher. W. H. Sutherlin, Plaintiff, S against Summons. W. C. Daws, Defendant. The people of the Territory of Mmontant vFend greeting to William C. I)aws, delbndant. You are hereby required to appear in an action brought against you by the above named plaintiff in the Lis trict Court of the third Judicial District of the 'Tcr ritory of Meutana, in and for the County of Me±'gh cr, and to answer the complaint filed therein, t ith in ten days (exclusive of the day of service) alter the service on you of this summous-if served with in this county; or, if served out of this county, but in this district, within twenty (lays; otherwise, within forty days-or judgment by dethult will be taken against you, according to the prayer of said complaint. The said action is brought to recover of you the sum of one hundred and twenty-nine (10ol lars and lifty cents, with interest as staled in said complaint, for money loaned and for goods sold and delivered to yeo. And you are hereby notified that if you fail to appear and answer the said complaint, as above required, the said plaintiff will take judg ment against you for the sum of one hundred and twenty-nine dollars and fifty cents, anrd costs of suit. Given under my hand and the seal of the District Court of the third Judicial District ef the Territory of Montana, in and for the County of Meagher, this nineteenth day of February, A. D. 1876. H. H. BARNES, Clerk. NOTICE TO MINERS. United States Land Office,, Helena, Montana, February 12, 186. George Siggs, whose post office address is Can ton, Meagher county, Montana, has this day filed his application to enter as agricultural land, under Bthe final homstead laws, the north half of the south west quarter of section twenty-eight and north half of south-east quarter, section twenty-nine, in township number eight north, range number two east, which land is suspended from entry. Notice is hereby given, that a hearing will be had at this office, on the twenty-first day of March, A. D. 1876, at teni o'clock a. m., to deter mine as to the mineral or non-mineral character of said land, and testimony to be used upon said hear ing will he taken before the T. E. Collins, County Clerk, Meagher County, on the eighteenth day of March, A. D. 1876, at 10 o'clock a. m. It is alleged that there are no known miners, nor mining im provements, upon said land. J. H. MOE, Register. February 16, 1876-fiw. APPLICATION FOR PATENT. No. 440. U. S. Land Office, Helena, M. T. February 10, 1876. 1 Notice is hereby published, that Andrew Dusold, Francis M. Hauck, and Wesley Basye, whose post office address is Canyon Ferry, Meagher County, Montana Territory, have this day filed application for patent, under the mining laws of Congress, for their placer mining claim, situated in Avalanche gulch mining district, Meagher county, Montana, aesignated as lot No. 38, in T 11 N R 2 E, which claim is not recorded, and described in the otlicial plat and field notes on file in this office as follows: Beginning at a granite stone 18x16x4 in., marked I M C 38, from which the North-east corner of lot No. 37, t 11 n r2 e bears as 36 deg 42 min w 144.58 chains distant, and running thence a 56 deg e 2.10 chains* thence s 80 deg e 7.50 chains; thence a 68 deg a 7.95 chains; thence n 22 deg e 1.70 chains; thence n 65 deg w 14 chains; thence n 22 deg e 10 chains; thence n 7.50 chains; thence n 16 deg 30 min w 34 chains; thence s 46 deg 30 min e 2.05 chains; thence n 35 deg e 44.50 chains; thence n 61 deg e 29 chains; thence n 29 deg w4.50 chains; thence s 80 deg w 6 chains; thence a 52 deg 30 min w 21.43 chains; thence s 39 deg 15 min w 44.50 chains thence n 36 deg w 11.50 chains; thence n 49 deg 45 min w 20 chains; thence n 8deg 30 min w 16.53 chains; thence s 77 deg w 6.38 chains; thence s 43 deg 15 min e 19.65 chains; thence s 44 deg / 15 min e 19.I3 chains; thence a 23 deg IB min e chains; thence a 27 deg e 25.80 chains; thence s 8 de 45 min e 10.30 chains; thence as 11 de 15 min e 8.7' chains; thence s 29 deg 30 min w 12.*r chains to thi place of beginning, embracing 73.67 acres. A no tice of said application, together with a plat of the premises claimed, was posted thereon on the llth da of November 1875, according to law. he adnjolnin cleaimants to these premises are W, Basye and A. Dusold on the south and Blackwefl & Co. on the north-west, placer claims: Any and all persons claimingadversely any por tion of the . ninig claim above descrhibed, are here by notified that unless their adverse claims are du1y tiled according to law, within the sixtydays' period. of publication hereof, with the Register of the U. S. Land Office, at Helena, Montana Territory, they will be balrred by virtue of the provisions of th •tatute. J. H. POE, Register. B. F. )MAls, U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. February 16-nra-Sw.