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MINES AND MINING.
YIELD OF GOLD AND SILVER. From reliable statistics by the United States government, we find that the product of American mines has for years varied from $60,000,000 to $70,000,000 annually, and for the present year it Will probably be about $100,000,000, Let us take the same period In which the failures are given, and for three years say that our production was $65,000, 000 per annum, and for nine months in the same ratio, and we have the enormous total of $2604000,000 of created wealth; deduct from this the $20,000,000 invested, which in cludes losses mentioned, and it leaves $240 000,000 as an actual net product. Now while the actual creation of this amount has made many rich, yet this is but a small part of their wealth. We have yet to consider their mining estates, which are of such magnitude that any attempt to estimate their value ivould be futile. If we say those are worth thousands of millions, we can only conject ure how many. The annual income of some individual members of companies in San Francisco range from $5,000,000 to $10,000, 000. These stand related to properties that have been fairly developed, although they yield but low grades of ore. Here in the Rocky mountain range we believe we have the largest mineral belt in the world. Here are mines whose richness, so far as developed, challenges comparison, With those of Ophir, of India, or Peru. Here is a vast area opened for future invest ment, where men of enterprise and capital can harvest exceeding great rewards, and make money in a safe, legitimate way.- Huerfano tndependent. THE SILVER PROBLEM. Sufficient developments have already been inade to warrant the belief that the silver deposits of Nevada are not only incompara bly vast in number and in fertility, but are also practically inexhaustible. With the slight superficial scratching which our min ers have made during the past fifteen years, literal mountains of silver have already been exposed and yet scarcely a day passes with otut the announcement that a new "strike" has been made in some portion of the State. Even now the enormous bullion yield of the Comstock mines is affecting the specie value and business affairs of this coast to an alarm ing degree. The beautiful trade dollar which but a little while ago was so eagerly sought for at a premium, is now a drug in the mar ket at a ruinous discount. Indeed, the silver supply has become so enormous that the Chamber of Comuierce at San Francisco is seriously casting about for some relief against the threatened silver inundation. In the face of all this we are now assured by the most reliable authority that Mr. Frayer's process for reducing ores is a chmplete sun cess, and that in a short time every mining camp on the coast can be cheaply supplied with Frayer's wonderful contrivances. If one-half which is claimed for the new pro cess be true, it is safe to predict that in the next five years our bullion yield will be ten times as much as it is at present. There are in this State hundreds of silver mines the ores of which are refractory, but which by assay, yield a vastly greater percentage of silver than any of the average ores of the Comstock. Even the possibility of this pros pective bullion yield is a matter for serious consideration, and ought to attract the at tention of the National Congress. We are not specially gifted as, experts in financial. problems, but we modestly suggest that if Congress will pass a law for the issuance of silver notes to be redeemed at par by the United States Treasury, on the same plan of the gold note system, it might be the means of saving our bullion from a most serious depreciation in value.-Virginia Enteirise. EvEx.Tii no augurs well for an abundant yield of the precious ore in southern Oregon the present winter, and as a consequence during the coming summer money will be more abundant than for many years past, which has been owing to a lack of water with which to work the places miner.-- Will anegt. Parm?1?r. It Is estimated that the coin value of gold 1Id sllver bullion sent from Montana via Wqels, Fargo & Co.'d bxpress1 since January st, 1876, is $4?t915. MOFFITT & ROSENCRANS, Dealers in STAPLE and FANCY TATIONERY, School Books, Picture Frames, Msuldings, Notions, Fancy Goods, etc., ete. MAIN STREET, POST OFFICE BUILDING, HELENA, - - - MONTANA. News Depot connected with the establishment. Subscriptions received for the leading Periodicals, Magazines, Newspapers, Etc., etc., and mailed regularly to subscribers. December 30, 1875.-G6.m. pEOPLE'S MEAT MARKET. CLOUDY KROFT AT IIIS OLD BUSINESS AGAIN. Keeps constantly on hand the best quality of BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND SAUSAGE One door west of Husbandman Office, MAIN STREET, DIAOMND CITY. M. T. Nov '25, 1875-tf. HAY MARKET AND FEED STABLE. JOSEPH HORSKY, Proprietor, LOWER MAIN STREET, HELENA. Accommodations for ALL KINDS AND ANY NUMBER OF STOCK. Is prepared to COMPETE WITH ANY STABLE IN THE CITY HAS FAIRBANKS' HAY SCALES. I have 620 acres of the best hay land in Prickley Pear Valley, six miles from town, from which I get all my hay. December 2, 1875-6m. HELENA AND DIAMOND CITY, STAGE LIN E. UNITED STATES MfAIL. P. B. CLARK, - - Proprietor. Coaches leave Helena Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 7 o'clock a. m. Leave Diamond City Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at 7 o'clock, a. m. HELENA AND BOZEMAN. Coaches leave Helena every morning, (Sundhys excepted,) at 4 o'clock, a. m. Leave Bozeman every morning, (Sundays except ed,) at4 o'clock, a. m. Passengers and freight carried at moderate rates. OFFICES: HELrNA--Davis & Wallace's, Main Street. BozIEMAN-Willson & Rich's, cor. Main and Boze man Streets. BOZE3AN AND VIRGINIA. Leaves lrginila City every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 4 o'clock, ,. m. Leaves Bozeman Tuesday, Thursday and 8atur tVty, at omclock, a. m. 1F.! In' in, at Baymond Bros. Deoeda 2, 1Ttf. ROCKY :MOUNTAIN IIUSBANDMAN, A first class Weekly Journal, dovotoed to AG RICLTURE, IIORTICULTURE, STOCK RAISING, WOOL GROWING, AND THE Industrial and Educational Interests of the Great North-west. WITH A IIOME DEPARTMENT, Filled with choice selections and contributions from good Authors, and a general review of passing events, Mineral and Scientific News, comprising in all to inake it THE BEST FAMILY NEWSPAPER Published in Montana. Persons desirous of send ing a paper to their friends in the St. rtes will find it to be Just what they want, as it will .'ontain, from time to time, a fuill and complete account of the manner, cost and result of FARMING, GARDENING AND FRUIT CULTURE LN EVERY SECTION OF OUR TERRITORY. Together with the best information concerning our great Pastoral advantages and Water Privileges. Also, statements of experiments in WOOL AND STOCK GROWVING, Showing the profit to be realized. Everything given from a RELIABLE SOURCE. As an ADVERTISING MEDIIUM, It will have no equal in the Territory, since it is the only paper that will be read by all industrial classes, and unlversally by farmers and stock men. We will endeavor to Protect Our Patrons Against articles of doubtful utility and Irresponsible tirms. Our friends in the East may rely upon the information given hy the RocKY MOUNTAIN Hvus BAxADMA, respecting the Superior Advantages Montana Offers To those seeking homes. Having traveled through all the principal valleys in the Territory, and being intimately acquainted with. and having friends in every neighborhood, is preparcd to FURNISH CORRECT INFORMATION Relati.'e to agricultural land, pasturage, water rights, mill sites, lodes and placer mines. In fact, EVERY BRANCH OF INDUSTRY or business, together with snow fall, severity of the weather, wind, frosts, etc. The Patrone of Husbandry will bear in mind that the HUSBANDMAN was, by a unanimous vote of the First Annual Session of the TERRITORIAL GRANGE adopted as the medium for communicating with the members of Subordinate Granges, and that the members of that body were earnestly requested to labor and sustain it. FREE FROM ALL SECTIONAL BIAS, Or personal controversies, it will lend its aid to the cause of justice and truth. It will be found a COUNSELOR AND COMPANION for every western flaeside. TERMS :--$4 00 per annum. In-Clubs of 20, 8 f0 each. Single Copies, Ten Cents. Also, clubs with any and all the first-class Agri cultural, Hortlculturai, Stock and Grange Journals of America. We will flrnish the Husbandman and American Stock Journal for $4.50. Husbandman and National Granger, 4.75. R. N. SUTHEaRLIN, Editor and Proprietor. M AYN & HXEITMAN, G l OC ].R S, And Dealers in TOBACCO, CIGARS AND LIQUORS, Opposite Travis's Stable, LOWER MAIN STREET, HELENA, M. T. PAY HIGHEST PRICE FOR FRODUCE. December 2, 1875-6m. D AVIS & WALLACE, MAIN STREET, HIALENA, MONTANA, Dealers in Groceries and Provisions. The best quality of Goods sold AT THE LOWEST PRICES. We are prepared to raceive and sell on commiseion ALL KINDS OF FARM PRODUCE. Give us a call. Dec. 3043m. GILBERT ECKER, Manufacturer of and Dealer in Custom made Boots and Shoes DIAMOND CITY, MONTANA. Keeps a good Stock of BOYS BOOTS, ARCTIC OVERSHOES, BUFFALO BOOTS AND SHOES. I~ IIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR IIIDES. December 2, 1875-6m. CHAIRLES MARKHIAM, MAIN STREET, IIELENXA, N. T., Wholesale and Retail Dealer in, and Manufacturer of Saddles and Bridles Riding Saddles, Riding Bridles, Mlose Collars, Har ness Oil, Pistol Holsters, Linen Sheets, Gig Saddles, Spanish Bits, Mexiesn Syurs, ROUND AND FLAT BRIDLES. Ivory and Horn ,YHartingaleRings, Stage Lashes, Buggy Whips, Ankle Beets Slipper Stirrups ,Hill's Concord Haarness, 3cksiln s, California Saddle Trees, Side Saddles Curry Combs, Brushes, etc. All Sales made at Lowest( Cas Rates. January 20, 1876-1y S T. LOUIS HOTEL. SCHWAB & ZIMMERMAN, Proprietors, Entrance on Main and Jackson Ste., HELENA, MONTANA. This Hotel is first-class in all its appointments.. The tables are constantly supplied with all the deli cacies the market affords, and charges reasonable. Ample accommodations for the traveling public. December 30, 1875-tf. APPLICATION FOR PATENT. SNo. 424. United States Land Office, Helena, Montana, December 28th, 1875. Notice is hereby published, that Jonathan Goon, John Jacob Weyberger, and Henry Van Camp, whose post office address is Canyon F erry, Meagher county, Montana territory, have this day tiled ap plication for patent under the mining laws of Con gress, for their placer mine, situated in Avalanche gulch mining district, Meagher county, Montana errTitory, designated as lot No. 39 and 37, in t 11 n ranges 1 and 2e, which claim is not of record and described in the official plat and hfield notes on file in this office as follows: Beginning at the southwest corner, from which the n w cor of t 10, n r I e bears west.449.50 chains distant, and running thence n 27 o e 8 chains; thence n 2 deg 30 rin w 8 chains; thence n 39 deg e 6.60 chains; thence n 27 deg e 6.20 chains; thence a 15 deg 30 mil w 10.90 chains; thence n 1 deg e 9.50 chains; thence n 30 deg e ll chains; thence n 12 deg e 10.40 chains; thence n23 deg e 8 chainst thence n 45 deg 30 min e 25.85 chains; thence n 56 deg 45 mine 9.50 chains; thence n 39 deg45 min 8.70 chains; thence north 13.50 chains; thence n27 deg e 15.30 chains; thence n 47 deg 45 min o 14.60 chains; thence s 78 deg e 9.50 chains; thence n 47 deg 30 mine 11 chains; thence n 32 deg e 6 chains; thence n 24 deg 30 aine 15 chains; thence s 55 dg 30 rmin e 3.50 chains; thence s 30 deg w 26 chains; thence s 61 deg w 18 chains; thence a 85 deg w 6 chains; thence s 43 deg 45 rin w 8 chains; thence s 19 dog 30 min w 12 chains; thence s 1 deb 30 mil w 10.32 chains; thence s 39 deg w 9.90 chains; thence s 51 dog 30 min w I0.89chains; thence s 42 deg w 15.55 chains; thence s 48 deg 30 min w I0.90 chains; thence s 32 deg w 5.78 chains; thence s 16 deg 30 urin w 11.52 chainsi thence s 24 deg 30 rin w 10.55 chains; thence s 11 mi 0 min .80 c.hans; thence south 25 degrees 30 rin east 10.59 chains; thence s 3 dog w 9.50 chains; thence s45 deg 30 min w 5.40 chains; thence S16 deg 1min e9 chains. thence s 9 degw 6.80 chains, thence west 2.50 chains to the place of be ginning, embracing 59.61 acres, upcn which a notice of said application for patent wis posted thefirst day of November, 1875. 'he adjoining claimants. to these premises are W..Basey andt others on the n e placer claim. J. H. MOE, Register. B. F.. hMARs U8. Dep. ineral Surveyor. January 6, I876.-8w.