Newspaper Page Text
]IOU t-YY10 t
ROCKYMOUNTAIN ILUSBALNiMAN SANUM. A Journal Devoted to Agriculture, Live-stock, Home Reading, and General News. P 10 t PY. VOL. . DIAMOND CITY, M. T., MARCH 23, 1876. NO. 18. I ~ unalU nn n u _ n ut ~ m m . .., ,, PUBLISHED WEEKLY lB R. N. SUTHERLIN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. The RocKY MIOUNTAIY IIUSBANDMAN is designed to be, as the name indicates, a husbandman in every sense of the term, embracing in its columns every de.p:rtment of Agriculture, Stock-raising, Horti culture, Social and Domestic Ecenomv. ADVERTISING RATES. 1Iweek $'' i3 $5 $ 7 $9 $11 $20 $30 2 weeks 3 4 7 10 12 15 . 28 40 1 month 5 8 12 15 18 21 40 60 3 months 10 16 24 80 36 4! 80 120 6 months 18 23 36 45 54 63 120 200 1 year 30 40 60 75 00 105 180 250 Transient advertisements payable in advance. Regular advertisements payable quarterly. Twenty-live per cent. added for special advertise ments. AGRICUL LTUR AL. FARMERS AND FARM.NG. We farmers get a great deal of good ad vice. We are glad so manyg are interested in our welfare. Farming Would seem to be the natural employment of mankind, and those who are unable, or unwilling, to gain a living and supply their own wants by cul tivating the soil, are very willing to tell oth ers how to do it. But often those who are least able to give advice, are the most pro fuse with their counsels. There is not much wisdom in their reproofs, no do they always fall on obedient ears. If those who walk with wise men become wise, then it is very essential that we receive our instruction from men wiser than ourselves. It we are to learn industry from the bees, and the ants, there can be nothing degrading in learning something from the humblest of mankind. But no teacher can impart much knowledge to his pupils, if he has not more intelligence than they. It will be conceded that farm ers are the most numerous, the most useful, and the most industrious of all classes. And we think it can be proven, that they are not only the most honest, but decidedly the best business men in the commonwealth. We are told we work too much and think .too little, that we have not the accuracy and en ergy of business men, that we ought to open a debtor and creditor side with every field on our farm, and know what every bushel of wheat, and every animal costs us. This is all very well in theory, we know some thing about books and prompt payments, and what we are doing. We want to look at the results, the facts and figures, to ascer tain who are the safest und most reliable men in the community. It has often been stated that ninety percent. of our merchants or business men fail, sometime during their career, to meet their obligations. We estimate that ninety per cent. of our every-day f arm ers, never fail to pay their honest debts, nev er defraud their creditors, nor take advan tage of the bankrupt law. If this is a cor rect estimate, then young people when they go into business, may expect there are nine chances. In ten, :they will fail in business and defraud their creditors. And if they begin life on a farm with industrious habits, and a good moral character, there are nine chances in ten' they will. iot fhil to pay their honest debts, :prpduce more than than they con sume, and add' to their own, and the aggre gate wealth of the cqmmunity, We are told farming is a slow business. Very few get rlth; there are no millionaires holding the plow. We can plow.very.,well without them. The greatest good to the greatest' number is niot brought about by concentrating wealth, but by diffusing it. Are not a million' fdone~t men, who pro duce more than 'they consume, and never let heir notes gop:protest4 as millionii times more valuable to soeiety than one ,million9 aire; who only gathers up the wealth that better men than himself produde, by some reckless adventure or.fortunate speculation? We do not write in a boastful spirit, for a good many of us farmers are in humble life, and have had a fair, square battle with pov erty and privation. But we provide hon estly for those of our own house, and do not like to see so many leaving the farm, and becoming discontented because a few men get very rich in business. Has there been so much progress and im provement of late, that the young of the present generation are too good and great to live on a farm ? Washington and Web ster and other great men were not above farming. The hills and dales, the green tields, and the blue sky, never tainted any pure heart or dwarfed any master, mind. It is not gold and greenbacks, but a pure and honest life that constitutes a first-clas. man, When men become rich by exchangiiig one thing for another, there is nothing added to the comfort of humanity. Itis" a pity when a few absorb the wealth of a great many. Farmers produce by lawful industry' the wealth that brings peace and plenty t6 them selves and associates ;they do not rise 'on an other's ruins. Wealth of heart and moral worth are far better and more enduring than niatei'ida riches. If we can leave a good name and a stainless reputation, when we have-done with all things that are of the earth, earthly, it will be of comparative little importance whether we leave twenty dollars or twenty thousand.-Interior. WHAT F"ARIING IS AND WHY SOME .FARMERS FAIL. If any one considers " what fariming is," or what it ought to be, they cwould come to the conclusion that farming ought to be the managing of land to as to keep it in condi tion to pay for occupation, and there may be many farms which pay. for occupation which will mnt.zaz, for cultivatio._ ath is, there are vast tracks of country which, from the nature of the soil, from the high, price of la bor, and from its adaptability to remain in. permanent actual grass, would pay exceed- . ingly well to graze with any kind, of live stock and by raising stock, dairying,, fatten ing and wool growing, etc., money could, be made very fast-this would be'farmipg, and any system of cultivation and course of crop ping on good, free working land, whih would keep the land rich '1n plant-food ang allow of selling enough tu cover expenses and pay interest of capital and also profit to. occupier, would be farming, and good farm" ing too. Therefore, it is easy fo say what farming is ; but robbing the land is not farm ing-it is a running down of God's beauti ful ~arth I and although many men purchase a fine tract of land and accumulate a fortune from the fine crops the new virgin soil pro duces, if they take crop after crop without some system of reimbursing it for the drain upon its productive powers, -they. are. not farmers in a strict sense of the word, but real despoilers of their country's wealth, aid are deserving of reprobation. Farmind, to be worthy ofthe name, should be conduicted so that the manure made on the farm be applied to produce a very heavy quantity of some nutritious food for cattle or sheep; thus, the converting of such an extra growth of vegetable food' into dunmg and urine again adds to the richness of the soil, so that a rotation can permit the sale of some valuable crop, and the end of the term of course will find the laud better tlhan before, and the manure made on the 'far. will have increased 'because the probduie from which it has been made has been .nre iand consequently, on an improving sys the manure will augment in proportio .to the crops.. Market-gardenilng is not, farpuing- it growing is riot farming ; for horticultu n. agriculture are not one and, the same, ad it is seldom this kind of mixed -arii at does any good. Near to any great 's ply of manure from livery stables and oth 'ity , sources. of course the soil can b ecomp t i ed and, indeed, be forced to such a degree of fruitfulness, that it is not of the least con sequence how frequently crops of the most exhausting characteristics succeed each other. The truth is, farming requires to be "car ried on as all other successful ways of busi ness are. Any shop-keeper, if a man of bus iness, will have such articles in his store as 'sell readily, and as he finds that one particu lar class of goods pay him best for havmg always on hand, he takes pains to have an inexhaustible supply ; therefore, if fine, pow erful draught-horsed, good mUch-cows and heavy long-wooled sheep pay those who raise them, and the first and last mentioned pay duty and freight from Canada, he has only to use his natural common sense, save duty and fretight, and make money, instead of grumbling at hard times.--Rural New Yorker. POTATOES MIXING IN THE HILL. There has been much reason and argu ment on this subject, but not enough of clear and careful experiment:" We have always believed-that while po.atdes bcinnot mix in the hill by the praximity of the rootse,they may an~lwill mix While growing in the hill by .cross impregnations through the blos soms. How much of this cross will be visi ble in the potatoes the same year, has not yet been!;deterimined. The experiment is easily tried,. and sohuld not be confined to issolated plants, but to a hundred or a thou sand hills, .wth, two very distinct sorts in color, shape and quality-.nle-half of which should hajve all the'beinefit of mixing. The experiment mighlt be varied by `cutting off the blossom of one or thli dther, so as to asi 'certain. which was the fertilizer, and Which the fertilized.--Country Gentleman.. - · · tnHE following extractwe clip from a veryt ikt/resting atdres delivered by Maijor Wq r: Sykes, in ]Broxwnaville, TeniwSweo.:. d' he r perfet irmer, a mnat,1 hotla combine .adiug, observation and .ractice. A man ray work in the fields all his life and be a ;oor farmer. We should gain knowledge y reading and study, and also by what we ee around us, and then this knowledge -iust be put in practice.. Our views, if they ilil not stand the test of actual experiments,. €re worthless. All sound theory is based ipon practice, and all sensible practice is Ale result of well grounded observation nhether learned from our own observation, i 'rom iae experience of others. That ieory that will not stand the test of expe-, ,nee is worthless, and that. practice which %not based upon sound theory is equally ?rthless." fl. F. 3BIDWELL, secretary of the South itven, Mich., Pomological society, has been 3pointed'by the State society to take charge €the exhibition of Michigan peaches at the 4ntennial Exhibition. 'IESIDENT C4ARUK, of the agricultural col le at Amherst,. his been given a year's 1ive of absence to go to Japan' for the es tlishment of an agricultural, college there 0 the same plan with the Massachusetts in uation. 4.R. W. HAMILTOx, while boring for stock Ster on his farm near Florence, Matrion Co., n., last week, struck a vein of strong salt ter at a depth of 90 feet, and now has 50 t of brine, instead of the pure water he had ied to have. IE have received a package of seed of i Hundred. Day Tomato from J. A. Foote, #Terre Haute, Indiana, who assures us it it will. bear fruit within one hundred fs from planting. Mr.Foote is one of the ast reliable seedmen; in the West.-Nation .dGranger. VIaE Iowa Agricultural College um 4o_. acres produced 3,660 bushels of or 1, $ bushels of oats, 1271 tons of hay, 27} hs of roots. FLORICULTURE. . HOME FLORIST. Long Bros., Buffalo, N. Y., send outspel men pages from a treatise on the cultivation., management etc., f flowerq and grna.aBm ta plants, and with a leaf containing the follow ing directlodi stor drying leaves and iloers, which our lady readers will a1l$sec1ate:': To be abl1 to preserve beautiful 'flowe~s and leaves for years, by means of drying them, is very desirable for the botanist; as well as alliovers of plants and flowers.: Acol. leotion of ;dried specimens that 'haive been fixed to sheets of fine white paper is called a Herbarlur~' and where the names, place and time of Lollectoini of each is given, and all are systematically arranged under their gen eral orders; eto.,'it becomes very'interesting. The materils USed for drying fresh orgreetr specimehs-aire simply a soft, uasized pa t, sulihas wflra sorb moisture quicts redily anc It prese9 ofsone~lsort. "What is: knoWif as bIott1 g .,per would be theTe bet ldItd of paper fbr.ietr pose, but saomething niuch cheaper will trns*ei very Well Most kinds of paper used ifo newspaper printi.t a., good. Touch' tthe-ti toigue tot i~t-andd moisture left on the suirface Is quickly : ab sorbed, then. it will answer. Of ofiie. the soonher it shows itself to be abioib, tlie better Is tBh paper.' The paper shu 'd outinto sheets sutlMei itly small to I: well, and thegreater part of these 'ri. ` made into dries; ionsistig~ iF ab d: *to sheets heM tobeterF with a it ,li .rwot thread. The spejotmens to be dried should not be on 'pickedl' from the 'plant, befo placing thlia to press between th. driers The pressure muia..'be applied by r-~g screw-press, or b' simtply pjlachkg ereists on the matter to bpressed? when aU1 . eny. one of the paper tdriers; ,on :top of ° "ilch7 place ari·gle.looi e :sheet. Onthisthe 1r~a or floe.rs to bespreserved should be ~ ,ided' If the specimensbte°°bh ' preserved are stall. a nruir .naybe laid on- ode sheet. Theirs lay another loose sheet directly 'on the spebl. mens, and' onri this another dri.b., contini . ing in that nianneruntil one-half 't~fIler.' are used, and then apply the ptessure.T .object of all this is to have the paper ab fth: all the moisture In the letves as q uiil..ya possible. After six or ten boutis .heipres should be opened and the specimens -takir out 'and plaied between the driers whidW have not been used. The single sheet r;et to the specimens above and below" n.a7 fOt convenience'in handling, remain In .th&fiw making up of a form for pressing, es*eoial ly if the speclmens be small and consequent ly difficult to handle individuat y :Ii 'their partially dried condition.' ' The driers tak#i out will be~found to bti quite damp and should be lht'ig up to bbcoe:thoroiughly dried for use again. Afte th. e spe l have been pressed for twe'e.ihour&,,s i; ~ ond time, then they s`houldi agatn out and placed' between the .t.t '8rera; which ought to bh dry by thls"time. AfMte. one, two or th e more'" 'esur. altay's substituting the'iewiy' ded driers for the damp ones take4 out, at .ekh ehaige, tie specimens 41ll 1 b fiud l eiitly dry. Then they :can Te flat.li the ' Her aluium with the *dd'tf little gln or tmi nlage. , CoLi AUnAN xEMxNT.-A fewsmlnplern4e In the arrngemau t of lowM eKR°a Iy "mDa terially enbancethe the ffect produced. Among thoes are: 1.. Avoid placing rc 4 W~t toscarlet, orange or viae ;T. , ± P orange n xt toyeUo1 rpR# 194 flOety iolet. . i.White relieveas g r, 1 not place It next to illy. uei~,ele W. t well with blue; and relyowith viol4., 4. Rose color and purple always go well to g -ther.--CObada Farmer.