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R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1876. ONE Of the most important oflces or hne people of our country is to scatter abroad in formation respecting its vast resources. The great masses of people in the far-off States, pent up on their little ten-acre farms, know I but little or nothing of the unlimited West of the broad valleys ot Montana, and the ad vantages they offer to those who desire a home. We cannot reasonably expect people to I pull up and leave their homes, be they ever so poor, and come to a land they know not t of. Therefore, if we hope to have themn come among us, let us disseminate intforma- 1 tion respecting our c.nnQ*--. Lo is not re :iuired that we write long essays, print argu mentative circulars, setting forth Montana to be a land of milk and honey-a paradise that she is not. Let us communicate to them our manner of living, the amount of exertion required to obtain it, the abundant advantages which r tu.re furnishes to assist us, and this will suffice. We need not say a word that is untrue, or add a single shade of color, but just draw the picture up to na ture, and people will come by hundreds. There are, in all parts of the States, good, honest, hard-working men who labor faith fully year in and year out, and are barely able to earn a scanty living for their fami lies. Day by day they will toil on, and at the close of each year they find that they are no more independent than when it began. Old age is creeping on, and not a dollar is being laid aside to keep them when they become too feeble to fight the battle of life. In the workshop and on the farm they toil day after day with no hope to enjoy aught but a tenant's home, not even a pros pect ahead of owning more of the world's broad acres than will furnish them a last resting-place. These classes are sober, honest, industrious people and would come West if they knew where to go, and what they could do when they got there. If they knew the extent of our valleys, the millions of acres of agricultural land they contain, the square miles of pasture that are destined to be free and unclaimed for a century to come, the trifling expense required to obtain title to a home from the Government, the convenience of timber for improvements, aad the healthfulness of,our. ýnimate, it would not be long beblre our present popu lation would be doubled. Many who have read of Montana suppose 'that her choice locations are all occupied, that the climate is cold and rigid. Little do they know that its equal cannot be found be tween the same parallels of latitude, the whole country through. They very natur ally suppose that those who interest them selves in publishing the facts have an ax to gtknd. They think the parties must have a farm to sell, a herd of stock to dispose of, or are inanelally interested in peopling the country. We should publish the facts rela tive to the ease with which a home can be secured here. Let them see how those who are here live, and the question will soon be settled. It will require no persuasion, no misrepresentation. There is no better medluni fopr this pur pose than the HusBANDMAi. Send it to your friends. It will cost you btt little. We will make it a complete reflex qf Montana lidfMe The fact that Montana 4upports an agricultural and family journal of its. class will rivet firmly upon the minds of distant readers the fact that it amouts to something, and that the stories afloat respecting its a g ricultural, livestock and mineral wealth, dleserve investigation. Investi~gstion will prove that it offers ahome toato the poor as well as the rich, and is a good flefld for mind and muscle as well as capital, an asylum to the weak and unhealthy, excitement ansd pleasure to those who languish and pine away of ami, and happiness and long life to sL EDITORIAL C00zRXpaONDSR1 . BozEMaN, Marbh 12, 1876. Our stay at Worthy Master Reed's rest dence was prolonged for several days, on av count of the storm and cold weather which het in on Wednesday and continued until Saturday. But the visit was a very pleas ant one. We ean hardly say that we have enjoyed a few days more pleasantly since we I passed from beneath the paternal roof than those spent in the pleasant mountain-home of Brother and Sister Reed. We made it convenient, however, not- 4 withstanding the cold, to visit the several neighborhoods of Upper West Gallatin, and saw some as fine farms as ever lay out-of doors. The manufacturing facilities of this vicinity are also very fine. There are at present four saw-mills, three lath and shin gle mills, and a flouring-mill in course of erection. The rapid descent of the streams afford unlimited power, as well as make it an easy task to water their fine agricultural lands. Saturday we left friend Reed and lady to the happy solitude of Western rural life and continued our journey in search of some thing to In-lt,-$ ^1.' readers. We proceed ed up Cottonwood creek to Huntcr's Mill, and from thence along the base of the mountains, that hem in the 'Valley on the south, to Bozeman creek and down it to Bozeman. The bench-lands along the mountain support a luxuriant growth of grass, the soil is black and rich, and there are many hundred acres of as good wheat lands as can be found upon the Gallatin, yet unclaimed. On Bozeman creek there are many fine and well-improved farms. Mr. Flahearty is keeping his little flock of about 160 sheep here. Feed has not yet been cov ered this winter, although the altitude of this region is very great and it is usually subjected to deep snows. We acknowledge the receipt of a pressing invitation to attend the teast given by Fair view Grange on Saturday evening, the 11th inst. a pleasure we were compelled to forego on account of pressing business. Bozeman is quiet in a business sense, yet her citizens are wrought up to a high pitch upon railroad and Black Hills' matters. Large posters were upon familiar posts and loafing-corners announcing that the 17th of March (St. Patrick's Day) would be cele brated by a mass meeting of the citizlus of Gallatin county for the purpose of nominat t ing railroad commissioner; others, stating r that the Buchanan boys had found diggings in the Black Hills that will pay from six to ten dollars a day; that A. J. Hunter has I seventy-five men enrolled for his expedition > through via Fort C. F. Smith and Fort Phil i Kearney. From the conversation in the hotels and bar-rooms one would infer that one-half of the men in Montana, and espe chilly in ( (4Glintin OJuLAL-y, aro on the' en.voof departure for that fabled land of gold. Bit, strange to say, during our two weeks' travel through Gallatin county, we have not seen as many as three men who were determined upon making the trip. In fact, we have nol - heard a single man declare that he was go 3 ing. The talk is principlly what others in - tend to do, from which we are led to con. - elude that the tide of emigration from Moni > tana to the Hills will be much less than is m anticipated. We do not make this assertion to discoUis J age the enterprise of Bozeman. On the con!I trary, we think it a good outfitting point, and believe the route proposed by the Hu i ter expedition to be the most practical, as i lies through an unprospected country. No do we believe, should the expedition starl that it will ever reach the Black Hills, bu think it will halt in a better country severi hundred miles to the northwest. The ope I ing of this route will result in incalculabl ' benefit to Montana, as it will open a routi by which the surplus of gold-thirsty advea turers who flock to the Hills may come an slake their thirst in the rich and inexhaus ble mines of Montana. a CENTRAL PARK, March 13, 1876. e Sunday we rested and attended dlvii service. Bozeman has a large, elega church and measures are on foot looking t r the erection of another. This speaks we for the morals of the place. Monday dar clouds hung around the mountains, ani snow, just enough to obstruct the vlsio j came sifting down. At an early hour Wi sallied forth among the business men of th place. Found Wilson & Rich doing a lar1 business. Lamme & Co., in the full enjo ment of the cofidence of their patron were well pleased with their share of trad J. V. Bogert was also in good spiritsand d ing well. Martin & Myers, extensive stoc growers of Shields river, supply the ci with choice beef. Our old townsman, Sa Langhorn, deal out drugs, while 1n. P. Viv ian supplies the necessa.y legal advice. By noon, the snow clouds were gone, the sun shone bright and warm, and the glare cast by the fresh robe of snow that covered the earth was ahnost blinding. Bidding farewell to Bozeman, we turned to the set tlement along the East Gallatin to the north ; then across the, plain, about fifteen miles distant to Central Park. We found our filend W. H. McAdow happy as "the Miller of the Dee." Mr. Mc. has about for ty acres of fall wheat which looks remarka bly well. His neighbor, Mr. Samuel Tur ner, assured us that the winter wheat of the Valley was not killed out, as has been re ported, but gives.promise of coming forth well. This little commun;,' ;" as prospe: ous ". las as ilue lands as any portion of the Valley we have visited. The broad, level valley across to Central Park is not all susceptible of cultivation for reason of spots of gravel, but much of it will some day yield a harvest to the husbandman. Cen tral Park is about midway between Boze man and Gallatin City, and affords a con venient resting-place to the traveling pub lic. The proprietor, V. A. Cockirell, is well up in the business, and knows how to make a fellow-man happy. R. N. S. GENERAL NEWS. Daniel Drew has failed. Liabilities, $600, 000. The specie in the Bank of France increased 14,932,000 francs during the past week. Warden Berger, of the Utah penitentiary, who was beaten by escaping prisoners, died last week. Wm. Fields, the Corinne mail robber, has been sentenced to four years hard labor in the penitentiary. The U. P. Railroad has been blockaded by the heavy snows which have fallen in the Black Hills last week. Mark Fisher & Sons, woolen cloth man ufacturers of Haddelsfield, Yorkshire, and Montreal, have failed. Liabilities, £46,000. St. Charles, Missouri, was visited by a de structive gale last week. Several, houses were anroofed, and a number of persons se verely injnred by the flying debris. Joseph Turner, editor of the Raleigh, (N. C.) Sentinel, and W. H. II. IHowerton, Sec retary of State, were arrested on the 17th inst., on the charge of conspiracy and libel. The war at Cape Ptmlahn, in AlTica, Is nbhut ended. The latest fighting was about three weeks ago, when the Gooboes attack ed the town of Tupman, but were repulsed with heavy loss. The United States Senate has confirmed the nominations of Thomas McFadden Pat ton as Appraiser of merchandise at Port land, Oregon, and Abner W. Waters as U. S. Marshal for Oregon. Advices from Paris, state that M. Gam betta has written a letter to the electors of ille, Bordeaux, and Marseilles, announcing that he has been elected to represent Paris In the Chamber of Deputies. Dan Caldler Coblantes, Foreign Minister of Spain, has submitted to the Senate the text of a memorandum communicated. by Cushing, American Minister, on the 31st of August, and the Spanish reply thereto. The yacht Octavia, captured by the Span ish gunboat, had a cargo of 243 boxes of powder, 48 boxes of cartridges, 12 boxes of shells, 1,000 rifles, 150 carbines and two pieces of artillery, intended for the Cuban patriots. Intelligence from India has been received, announcing that the expedition of the Gov ernor General of the Philipine Islands against the Sooloo pirates has been success fil. The Spaniards lost 500 men during op erations. Advices from Russia state that Boseidar Petrovic, President of the Montenegrin and Minister'of Foreign Affairs, accompanied by Senator Bosecovic, has gone to Grayhoos (for the purpose of inducing the insurgents to I stop fighting, and to prevent foreigners from Ijoluing them by way of the Montenegrin ! froltier. S'The tempestous weather and heavy fall of Srail and sleet in England, have caused gen eraicomplaints from the country districts. Nol.only are the chances for sowing inter arulped, but weeks must elapse before the lan cats be got 4nto condition again. The farners' stocks of wheat are shortening, and w.t generaly revived demand. English istuffms had advanced fully one shipling i puarter last week; foreign on the spot and off the coast is also rather' dea'er, Sel lers obtainied two pence per ceiltal advance on white descriptions, and froill a penny to two penceon red. The ship Greta, Captain Macready, from San Francisco, November 25, arrived in Liv erpool on the 16th inst. She brought a por tion of the crew of the ship Great Britian, Captain Chiliott. from Daboy, January 22, for that port, which was abandoned at sea in a sinking condition. Eleven of the crew of the Great Britian were drowned or died from exposure.. DIAMOND CITY, Saturday, March 25th, 1876, Farewell and Last Appearance of the Eminent Character-Actor JOHN MAGUIRE, Who will appear in c~ lv new ..ketehes and re citals: " Curfew Must Not Ring To-night," ''Poor Jane With a Broken eart, " and "' The Newest Style of Pull-back, " etc., etc. Doors Open at 7 p.m.; To Commence at 7: 30 p.m. Admission - - - $1.00 FOR SALE OR RENT. The undersigned offers for sale or rent his saw mill, situated on Deep creek, about eight miles north of Camp Baker, Smith's river valley. The mill is run by water power, with an overshot wheel. It is in good running order and capable of cutting four thousand feet of lumber per day, and has an abundance of good timber near it. Terms reasona ble. JONAS HIGGINS. Diamond City, February 24, 1876-n14-tf. M. M. PRICE & CO. Commission h1 erchants -AND ..IISSOURI STATE GRANGE AGENCY, NO. 14 SOUTH COM'L ST., ST. LOUIS, MO. Special attention given to the sale of GRAIN, TOBACCO, WOOL, HIDES, &c. And to the purchase of FARM, FAMILY AND PLANTATION SUPPLIES. FOR SALE OR RENT. A good vegetable, grain and hay Ranch, situated on Duck Creek, Missouri valley, with farming im plements. Water and range convenient for a large dairy. Within three miles of a good quartz camp. Terms reasonable. For particulars, apply at the Husbandman office. Diamond City, March 16th, 1876-n16-3w. LEOPOLD MARKS, Sole Proprietor of the .CALIFOII.TIA STORE, W Begsreave to alnowunge to his friends and tpoai.m that he has still on hand as large a stock as ever, consisting in part of a Full Line of Ready-made Clothing, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS AND SHOES, As complete a stock as ever was, or is now in neagher County. A full and large assortment of DRY GOODS OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS LADIES' AND MISSES SHOES f And anything that may be called for. In the °oWo f s Cannot be competed with by any business house in the County. I have a verylarge stock on hand, and anything that I cannotfurish in this line cannot be had in the Territory. WINES AND LIQUORS, TOBACCO AND CIGARS. I always keep a large assortment of the best braunds, and sell them at the lowest figures. 3My stock of PATENT MEDICINES Is also complete. In fact, I keep any and every thing that can be found in a FIRST CLASS ESTABLISHMENT, And intend to sell them at the lowest prices. I' make no more discount to those who buy fer will than those whom I credit. . cash I Treat all A-l1ke And will not sell goods to those v not pay, consequently, those w .rhom I think wilL pay no more than cash buyere .o buy on credit wg I DO NOT INTEND LO B UBND Give me a call and sPt"lOurselve. Janary Btv 1 S6.o-tf. OPOLUI s