ciK o lRUtaiulll 1.llounanu.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor.
THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1876.
ONE Of the most important oflces or hne
people of our country is to scatter abroad in
formation respecting its vast resources. The
great masses of people in the far-off States,
pent up on their little ten-acre farms, know I
but little or nothing of the unlimited West
of the broad valleys ot Montana, and the ad
vantages they offer to those who desire a
We cannot reasonably expect people to I
pull up and leave their homes, be they ever
so poor, and come to a land they know not t
of. Therefore, if we hope to have themn
come among us, let us disseminate intforma- 1
tion respecting our c.nnQ*--. Lo is not re
:iuired that we write long essays, print argu
mentative circulars, setting forth Montana
to be a land of milk and honey-a paradise
that she is not. Let us communicate to
them our manner of living, the amount of
exertion required to obtain it, the abundant
advantages which r tu.re furnishes to assist
us, and this will suffice. We need not say a
word that is untrue, or add a single shade of
color, but just draw the picture up to na
ture, and people will come by hundreds.
There are, in all parts of the States, good,
honest, hard-working men who labor faith
fully year in and year out, and are barely
able to earn a scanty living for their fami
lies. Day by day they will toil on, and at
the close of each year they find that
they are no more independent than when it
began. Old age is creeping on, and not a
dollar is being laid aside to keep them when
they become too feeble to fight the battle of
life. In the workshop and on the farm they
toil day after day with no hope to enjoy
aught but a tenant's home, not even a pros
pect ahead of owning more of the world's
broad acres than will furnish them a last
resting-place. These classes are sober,
honest, industrious people and would come
West if they knew where to go, and what
they could do when they got there. If they
knew the extent of our valleys, the millions
of acres of agricultural land they contain,
the square miles of pasture that are destined
to be free and unclaimed for a century to
come, the trifling expense required to obtain
title to a home from the Government, the
convenience of timber for improvements,
aad the healthfulness of,our. ýnimate, it
would not be long beblre our present popu
lation would be doubled.
Many who have read of Montana suppose
'that her choice locations are all occupied,
that the climate is cold and rigid. Little do
they know that its equal cannot be found be
tween the same parallels of latitude, the
whole country through. They very natur
ally suppose that those who interest them
selves in publishing the facts have an ax to
gtknd. They think the parties must have a
farm to sell, a herd of stock to dispose of, or
are inanelally interested in peopling the
country. We should publish the facts rela
tive to the ease with which a home can be
secured here. Let them see how those who
are here live, and the question will soon be
settled. It will require no persuasion, no
There is no better medluni fopr this pur
pose than the HusBANDMAi. Send it to
your friends. It will cost you btt little. We
will make it a complete reflex qf Montana
lidfMe The fact that Montana 4upports an
agricultural and family journal of its. class
will rivet firmly upon the minds of distant
readers the fact that it amouts to something,
and that the stories afloat respecting its a g
ricultural, livestock and mineral wealth,
dleserve investigation. Investi~gstion will
prove that it offers ahome toato the poor as
well as the rich, and is a good flefld for mind
and muscle as well as capital, an asylum to
the weak and unhealthy, excitement ansd
pleasure to those who languish and pine
away of ami, and happiness and long life to
EDITORIAL C00zRXpaONDSR1 .
BozEMaN, Marbh 12, 1876.
Our stay at Worthy Master Reed's rest
dence was prolonged for several days, on av
count of the storm and cold weather which
het in on Wednesday and continued until
Saturday. But the visit was a very pleas
ant one. We ean hardly say that we have
enjoyed a few days more pleasantly since we I
passed from beneath the paternal roof than
those spent in the pleasant mountain-home
of Brother and Sister Reed.
We made it convenient, however, not- 4
withstanding the cold, to visit the several
neighborhoods of Upper West Gallatin, and
saw some as fine farms as ever lay out-of
doors. The manufacturing facilities of this
vicinity are also very fine. There are at
present four saw-mills, three lath and shin
gle mills, and a flouring-mill in course of
erection. The rapid descent of the streams
afford unlimited power, as well as make it
an easy task to water their fine agricultural
Saturday we left friend Reed and lady to
the happy solitude of Western rural life and
continued our journey in search of some
thing to In-lt,-$ ^1.' readers. We proceed
ed up Cottonwood creek to Huntcr's Mill,
and from thence along the base of the
mountains, that hem in the 'Valley on the
south, to Bozeman creek and down it to
Bozeman. The bench-lands along the
mountain support a luxuriant growth of
grass, the soil is black and rich, and there
are many hundred acres of as good wheat
lands as can be found upon the Gallatin, yet
unclaimed. On Bozeman creek there are
many fine and well-improved farms. Mr.
Flahearty is keeping his little flock of about
160 sheep here. Feed has not yet been cov
ered this winter, although the altitude of
this region is very great and it is usually
subjected to deep snows.
We acknowledge the receipt of a pressing
invitation to attend the teast given by Fair
view Grange on Saturday evening, the 11th
inst. a pleasure we were compelled to forego
on account of pressing business.
Bozeman is quiet in a business sense, yet
her citizens are wrought up to a high pitch
upon railroad and Black Hills' matters.
Large posters were upon familiar posts and
loafing-corners announcing that the 17th of
March (St. Patrick's Day) would be cele
brated by a mass meeting of the citizlus of
Gallatin county for the purpose of nominat
t ing railroad commissioner; others, stating
r that the Buchanan boys had found diggings
in the Black Hills that will pay from six to
ten dollars a day; that A. J. Hunter has
I seventy-five men enrolled for his expedition
> through via Fort C. F. Smith and Fort Phil
i Kearney. From the conversation in the
hotels and bar-rooms one would infer that
one-half of the men in Montana, and espe
chilly in ( (4Glintin OJuLAL-y, aro on the' en.voof
departure for that fabled land of gold. Bit,
strange to say, during our two weeks' travel
through Gallatin county, we have not seen
as many as three men who were determined
upon making the trip. In fact, we have nol
- heard a single man declare that he was go
3 ing. The talk is principlly what others in
- tend to do, from which we are led to con.
- elude that the tide of emigration from Moni
> tana to the Hills will be much less than is
We do not make this assertion to discoUis J
age the enterprise of Bozeman. On the con!I
trary, we think it a good outfitting point,
and believe the route proposed by the Hu i
ter expedition to be the most practical, as i
lies through an unprospected country. No
do we believe, should the expedition starl
that it will ever reach the Black Hills, bu
think it will halt in a better country severi
hundred miles to the northwest. The ope I
ing of this route will result in incalculabl '
benefit to Montana, as it will open a routi
by which the surplus of gold-thirsty advea
turers who flock to the Hills may come an
slake their thirst in the rich and inexhaus
ble mines of Montana. a
CENTRAL PARK, March 13, 1876. e
Sunday we rested and attended dlvii
service. Bozeman has a large, elega
church and measures are on foot looking t r
the erection of another. This speaks we
for the morals of the place. Monday dar
clouds hung around the mountains, ani
snow, just enough to obstruct the vlsio j
came sifting down. At an early hour Wi
sallied forth among the business men of th
place. Found Wilson & Rich doing a lar1
business. Lamme & Co., in the full enjo
ment of the cofidence of their patron
were well pleased with their share of trad
J. V. Bogert was also in good spiritsand d
ing well. Martin & Myers, extensive stoc
growers of Shields river, supply the ci
with choice beef. Our old townsman, Sa
Langhorn, deal out drugs, while 1n. P. Viv
ian supplies the necessa.y legal advice.
By noon, the snow clouds were gone, the
sun shone bright and warm, and the glare
cast by the fresh robe of snow that covered
the earth was ahnost blinding. Bidding
farewell to Bozeman, we turned to the set
tlement along the East Gallatin to the
north ; then across the, plain, about fifteen
miles distant to Central Park. We found
our filend W. H. McAdow happy as "the
Miller of the Dee." Mr. Mc. has about for
ty acres of fall wheat which looks remarka
bly well. His neighbor, Mr. Samuel Tur
ner, assured us that the winter wheat of the
Valley was not killed out, as has been re
ported, but gives.promise of coming forth
well. This little commun;,' ;" as prospe:
ous ". las as ilue lands as any portion of
the Valley we have visited. The broad,
level valley across to Central Park is not all
susceptible of cultivation for reason of spots
of gravel, but much of it will some day
yield a harvest to the husbandman. Cen
tral Park is about midway between Boze
man and Gallatin City, and affords a con
venient resting-place to the traveling pub
lic. The proprietor, V. A. Cockirell, is
well up in the business, and knows how to
make a fellow-man happy. R. N. S.
Daniel Drew has failed. Liabilities, $600,
The specie in the Bank of France increased
14,932,000 francs during the past week.
Warden Berger, of the Utah penitentiary,
who was beaten by escaping prisoners, died
Wm. Fields, the Corinne mail robber, has
been sentenced to four years hard labor in
The U. P. Railroad has been blockaded by
the heavy snows which have fallen in the
Black Hills last week.
Mark Fisher & Sons, woolen cloth man
ufacturers of Haddelsfield, Yorkshire, and
Montreal, have failed. Liabilities, £46,000.
St. Charles, Missouri, was visited by a de
structive gale last week. Several, houses
were anroofed, and a number of persons se
verely injnred by the flying debris.
Joseph Turner, editor of the Raleigh, (N.
C.) Sentinel, and W. H. II. IHowerton, Sec
retary of State, were arrested on the 17th
inst., on the charge of conspiracy and libel.
The war at Cape Ptmlahn, in AlTica, Is
nbhut ended. The latest fighting was about
three weeks ago, when the Gooboes attack
ed the town of Tupman, but were repulsed
with heavy loss.
The United States Senate has confirmed
the nominations of Thomas McFadden Pat
ton as Appraiser of merchandise at Port
land, Oregon, and Abner W. Waters as U.
S. Marshal for Oregon.
Advices from Paris, state that M. Gam
betta has written a letter to the electors of
ille, Bordeaux, and Marseilles, announcing
that he has been elected to represent Paris
In the Chamber of Deputies.
Dan Caldler Coblantes, Foreign Minister
of Spain, has submitted to the Senate the
text of a memorandum communicated. by
Cushing, American Minister, on the 31st of
August, and the Spanish reply thereto.
The yacht Octavia, captured by the Span
ish gunboat, had a cargo of 243 boxes of
powder, 48 boxes of cartridges, 12 boxes of
shells, 1,000 rifles, 150 carbines and two pieces
of artillery, intended for the Cuban patriots.
Intelligence from India has been received,
announcing that the expedition of the Gov
ernor General of the Philipine Islands
against the Sooloo pirates has been success
fil. The Spaniards lost 500 men during op
Advices from Russia state that Boseidar
Petrovic, President of the Montenegrin and
Minister'of Foreign Affairs, accompanied by
Senator Bosecovic, has gone to Grayhoos
(for the purpose of inducing the insurgents to
I stop fighting, and to prevent foreigners from
Ijoluing them by way of the Montenegrin
S'The tempestous weather and heavy fall of
Srail and sleet in England, have caused gen
eraicomplaints from the country districts.
Nol.only are the chances for sowing inter
arulped, but weeks must elapse before the
lan cats be got 4nto condition again. The
farners' stocks of wheat are shortening, and
w.t generaly revived demand. English
istuffms had advanced fully one shipling
i puarter last week; foreign on the spot
and off the coast is also rather' dea'er, Sel
lers obtainied two pence per ceiltal advance
on white descriptions, and froill a penny to
two penceon red.
The ship Greta, Captain Macready, from
San Francisco, November 25, arrived in Liv
erpool on the 16th inst. She brought a por
tion of the crew of the ship Great Britian,
Captain Chiliott. from Daboy, January 22,
for that port, which was abandoned at sea in
a sinking condition. Eleven of the crew of
the Great Britian were drowned or died
Saturday, March 25th, 1876,
Farewell and Last Appearance of the Eminent
Who will appear in c~ lv new ..ketehes and re
citals: " Curfew Must Not Ring To-night,"
''Poor Jane With a Broken eart, " and "' The
Newest Style of Pull-back, " etc., etc.
Doors Open at 7 p.m.; To Commence at 7: 30 p.m.
Admission - - - $1.00
FOR SALE OR RENT.
The undersigned offers for sale or rent his saw
mill, situated on Deep creek, about eight miles
north of Camp Baker, Smith's river valley. The
mill is run by water power, with an overshot wheel.
It is in good running order and capable of cutting
four thousand feet of lumber per day, and has an
abundance of good timber near it. Terms reasona
ble. JONAS HIGGINS.
Diamond City, February 24, 1876-n14-tf.
M. M. PRICE & CO.
Commission h1 erchants
..IISSOURI STATE GRANGE AGENCY,
NO. 14 SOUTH COM'L ST., ST. LOUIS, MO.
Special attention given to the sale of
GRAIN, TOBACCO, WOOL, HIDES, &c.
And to the purchase of
FARM, FAMILY AND PLANTATION SUPPLIES.
FOR SALE OR RENT.
A good vegetable, grain and hay Ranch, situated
on Duck Creek, Missouri valley, with farming im
plements. Water and range convenient for a large
dairy. Within three miles of a good quartz camp.
Terms reasonable. For particulars, apply at the
Diamond City, March 16th, 1876-n16-3w.
Sole Proprietor of the
W Begsreave to alnowunge to his friends and tpoai.m
that he has still on hand as large a stock
as ever, consisting in part of a
Full Line of Ready-made Clothing,
HATS, CAPS, BOOTS AND SHOES,
As complete a stock as ever was, or is now in
neagher County. A full and large
DRY GOODS OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS
LADIES' AND MISSES SHOES
And anything that may be called for. In the
s Cannot be competed with by any business house in
the County. I have a verylarge stock on hand,
and anything that I cannotfurish in this line cannot
be had in the Territory.
WINES AND LIQUORS,
TOBACCO AND CIGARS.
I always keep a large assortment of the best braunds,
and sell them at the lowest figures. 3My stock of
Is also complete. In fact, I keep any and every
thing that can be found in a
FIRST CLASS ESTABLISHMENT,
And intend to sell them at the lowest prices. I'
make no more discount to those who buy fer will
than those whom I credit. . cash
I Treat all A-l1ke
And will not sell goods to those v
not pay, consequently, those w .rhom I think wilL
pay no more than cash buyere .o buy on credit wg
I DO NOT INTEND LO B UBND
Give me a call and sPt"lOurselve.
Janary Btv 1 S6.o-tf. OPOLUI s
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