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Mn. WEBB, of Shasta Valley, has recent ly lost a large number of sheep from deep snows and cold weather, as many as 500 are reported dead out of one band.-San Fran cisco Bulletin. We would suggest that Mr. Webb drive his flock of sheep to Montana, where he can winter them in safety. HIere the snow is dry and never lies so deep but that sheep can be kept in good condition without feed, other than that furnished by the nutritious bunch-grass which covers our hills and val leys. Yes, come to Montana. IHere you will not be troubled with the deep snows and chilling rains so destructive to the busi ness of wool-growing on the Western slope. Here you will find millions of acres of the finest grazing-lands in America unclaimed, and a ready market for your sheep, if you wish to sell them. HOW TO PEED HORSES. Having selected the food or mixture of food we propose to use, we have now to consider the form in which that food may be most advantageously given. It comes to us In the form of hay and grain, and is open to two objections. 'I'he long hay is wasted by the animals allowing a portion of it to fall under their feet, and the whole grain is lia ble to pass undigested through the aliment ary canal. To avoid these sources of loss, we advise that the hay be chopped and the grain be crushed. Experience enables us to say positively that these operations are pro ductive of no ill effects. The additional ex pense they entail is many times repaid by the prevention of waste in, hay, and the more complete digestion of all the grain eaten. It has been objected to these operations that they induce a horse to bolt his food only half masticated. We crush grain, not to im prove upon mastication, not to save the ani mal the trouble to chew his food, but simply to break the envelope, and thus allow easy digestion. We do not grind it to powder, but are quite contented if it be split. No doubt horses with good teeth would give a good account ol most of the grain they are allowed, but we are not satisfied to lose any, and therefore we reduce all the corn to a forii witjbi,. Whilea.J±t zigh t I f1[ae weII masta cated, is most favorable for digestion, to a form in which, even should it escape the teeth, it will not escape the stomach. The cutting of hay is advised for a different reason. We do not suppose that this me chanical operation affects its digestibility. IWe cut it to prevent its waste from granary to pit, and in the stall where the horse pulls "a mouthful from the manger; but princi pally to mix with the grain so as to compel the horse to thoroughly masticate the whole of his provender. With long hay frequently portions fall under foot, are trampled on:and spoilt; some horses, from mischief, wilfully throw their hay on the floor, and these little bits form collectively, in a large establish ment, a considerable item. By cutting the hay this waste is prevented, as the animal can only remove a mouthfull at the time. The length of cut is almost inimaterial, be mg equally effeý' lve if cut to two inches, as uat to a half. Almost of more impo:tance ithan the form In which the food is given is the frequency and regularity of meals. The horse's digest ive organs are not constructed for long fasts. Long intervals without food produce hunger, and hunger begets voracity; food is bolted, and indigestion and colic follow. This is doubly tru6 and doiubly, dangerous with horse's doing hard ;york. They come to their long-deferred meal not only hungry, but exhausted; not only is the food bolted; but the stomach is in such a state as to be in capable of thoroughly active digestion, and is overpower ed by half the work it could otherwise easily digest. The prevention of waste is almost attained when we give a proper form; but there are two points to which it is right to devote sonic attention the form of the mangers, aid attention to the wants of the Individual animals. The mangers should not be less than three feet long, eighteen inches wide, and twelve inches deep. They should have an upper border of wood projecting inward for about two Inches, and a transverse bar of hltf-inch round iron across the middle. A piece of two-Inch-wide hoop-iron screwed on to the top of the manger, protects it from damage by the horse's teeth. This simple arrange- ' ment prevents the horse from throwing out his corn, and the provender is not in a layer as in the ordinary narrow and shallow man- i ger.-.Mich. Farmer. LINE-BREEDING. Bell's Messenger, London, January 10, has the following comments on this subject: The subject of " line-breeding" was rather warmly discussed at the December meeting of the American Shorthorn Covnention. Line-breeding is what in this country is termed "in-breeding," but in-breeding is not necessarily line-breeding. The latter in cludes the former, and defines the system according to which it is used. We may pair near blood-relations repeatedly without per petuating one direct line. The in-bred ma terial may be removed from one foundation to another by the introduction, of new fe males. This is not line-breeding. Two con ditions are essential-the adherence to one line, and in-breeding. Some speakers con tended stoutly for line-breeding, others as earnestly against it. In its favor, Mr. B. B. Groom on the Bates side, and Col. J. B. Taylor in the Booth interest, maintained that line-bred animals are more valuable than others, because they make their mark (i. e. possess concentrated hereditary power), while the IIon. T. C. Jones, whose paper on " Shorthorn Breeding as a Science " raised the discussion, claimed that all notoriously vigorous shorthorns which had the power to transmit their vigor, thrift, and most val uable characteristics to their decendants, had been Widely cross-bred-a somewhat start ling assertion to venture in view of such ex amples as Duke of Glo'ster (11,382) and Bar on of Oxford (23,371) in the United States, Royal Commander (29,857) lately in Canada, and Breast Plate (19,337), Seventh Duke of York (17,754), Earl of Dublin (10,178), Bel vedrure (1,706), Comet (155), and Favorite (252) in this country. So much for Mr. Jones' " all." As shorthorn breeders dif fered in opinion, so also, according to the proverb, did " doctors," at the meeting in question :--Dr. Stevenson said that physio logical laws are the same in all animals, man included. hIuman statistics go to show that intermarriage is productive of disease and loss of vigor. The same rule should be ex pected to follow in-breeding of cattle." On the other hand, " Professor MI. Miles stated that he diffelred from Dr. Stevenson in re spect to statistics in reference to intermnar riage, and claimed that the latest statistics from insane asyluins did not show consan guineous marriage as a cause ofinsanity and idiocy." With parental solicitude for the peace of the brotherhood, Mr. T. L. Hari son, upon the nursery principle of putting away the cause of contention, proposed a resolution to the effect that as line-breeding tends to produce dissention among breeders, 'all pedigrees and herd-books should be ab)l ished! The resolution was laid on the ta ble. Perhaps, the truth, so often to be found at some little distance from either extremae of conflictfug opinion, is in this instaice nearly approached by Col. L. F. Allen aid by Professor Miles, a portion of whose speech we have quoted already. He con tinued : " The fact that all early breeders ..of any distinct breed were necessarily com pelled to breed close, and that success fol lowed, militated against the idea that in breeding is dangerous; if judiciously prac ticed. The general practice of this course would undoubtedly result in disaster, owing to the general want of the special skill rec essary to success in any business so depend ent on extreme skill and judgment as the breeding of domestic animals. Because nis takes are made sometimes is no reason for condemning the practice, nor should it be followed simply because some have ben successful." -Col. Allen's remark was that "there are two parties on the subject of in breeding, either hplding to its own opition and practice. Great improvements tnd great failures have been made by bith. Great j udgment and skill are the requisites." Here the nail was hit on the head and driven home, According to the greatness of skill and judgment, or their absence (granted equality of means and opportunities), wculd be the degrees of success, or the failure, of any one who attempts shorthorn breeding. The question of favorable or adverse cir cumstances, of course, must be considered in our estimate of the credit due to anyone. The qualifications which in one case would make a great breeder, in another fail, be cause the judgment and the skill have no chance of full exercise. Another consideration arises. Greatness, in these as in all human attributes, is com parative. Distinguished greatness can be long to but a few. Are all men of medium sagacity unfit for shorthorn breeding? If so, fit men are scarce, and the pursuit should be conducted by the small minority. Now we do want the multitude to join in the work of improvement, and there are very few engaged in stock-breeding who are not by nat ire and education qualified to do val uablc service. In almost every district there is some one head and shoulders taller than his fellows in ability, and in knowledge of the subject, and above the local leaders are the acknowledged chiefs. Let the lesser of every degree look to the greater for counsel and example. :The latter is public property, the former seldom or never refused to fellow workers in the shorthorn interest. Want of judgment in line-breeding, and want of judgment in mixing, must be held up as the cause of many failures, and much deteriora tion. Ill-assorted alliances are frequent in both systems, and also in that system, wise in principle but not always wisely appledl, which combines the system of line-breeding with that of mixing sorts. FINE WOOLS. Yesterday we called at the St. Charles Hotel to inspect the various samples of fine graded wools which have been collected and arran.ged in proper condition for shipment to Philadelphia, to be placed on exhibition at the coming Centennial. These wools are carefully arranged according to the quality of the grades, in frames, each sample being held to its place by pieces of ribbons. These eight frames containing as many samples. Mr. M. Wilkins, of Linn county, enjoys the credit of having grown six of the samples on exhibition. One frame contains a speci men of the finest grade of a Cotswold fleece, another, a sample of Leceister wool, while four frames contain an equal number of grades of improved Oxford wool. These wools are of extraordinary fineness, and the exhibition of the sae cannollllt fail to. ilu1lres.. the world most favorably with the superior. grades of that article grown in Oregon. Mr. Wilkins also has a sample of fine wool cut from the fleece of an improved Oxford lamb only six months old, which for beauty and delicateness of fibre can hardly be distin guished from silk. Mr. Thomas L. David son, who resides near Salem, has two fr'ames containing extraordinary fine samples of wool taken from the fleece of a Merino sheep. All these specimens have been selected with extreme care, and prepared with the utmost taste. Such an array of wools cannot fiul to attract general attention and elicit flat tering comment. The samples will be placed in a compact box and shipped East along with the cereals and other articles to be placed on exhibition. Every precaution will be observed to have the specimens reach their destination in the best possible order. Messrs. Wilkins and Davidson deserve much credit for their efforts to place before the world in the most advantageous light, one of the greatest industries-wool-growing of this State.-Oregonian. SHEEP.-There can be but one poor in vestment in sheep, and that is an invest ment in poor sheep. There is no more luck in handling sheep than in any other business. It is all man agement. One early lamb is worth two late lambs. The late lamb begins as a "runt," and is in luck if it don't die at the close of the first winter. Go into sheep as a matter of business. Ex pect to give them your own time and your own work. Success depends upon the amount of brains you may bring to the busi ness. Often farmers sell an indifferent lot of hay at a price leaving them nothing over the cost" of marketing it, which could be fed to sheep, and get a good profit over and above the .cost of production. The sheep is the most timorous of domes tic animals, and, to those who are strangers to them, appear to have the least sense ; yet, from first to last, there is not an operation necessary to be performed that cannot be done without rough-and-tumble work. GRAND BALL -AT CANX ON FER IPTY, On Friday, March 24th, 1876. MUSIC BY HOMIER HE WINS. TICKETS - - - FIVE DOLLARS. A General Invitation is Extended. 17-2w L. ROTWITT. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF HELENA Designated Depository of the United States. S. T. IIAUSEIL, - - - President. I). C. CORBIN, - - - - - Cashier. T. H. KLEINSCIIMIDT, - Ass't. Cashier. We transact a general Banking business and buy at the highest rates, GOLD DUST, COIN, GOLD AND SILVER BULLION, And Local Securities; and sell Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers. Available in all parts of the United States and Can adas, Great Britain, Ireland and the Continent. Collections made and proceeds remitted promptly. Helena, January 20, 176-tf B F. MARSII, U. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYOR, HIELENA, - - - MONTANA. WtALTER W. DELACY, U. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYOR HELENA, - - - MONTANA. NOTICE TO MINERS. United States Land Ofifice, Helena, Montana, 5iarch 8, 1876. Thomas McGonigal, w'hq--ec post oli.ce address is Canton, Meagher county, Montana,has: this day liled his application to enter as agricultural land, under the linal honvltend laws, the west half of the south east quarter of section twent)y-eight and the wen:t half of northeast quarter of section thirty-three, in township numbier eight north, range numbner two east, which land is suspended i'r,m entry. Notice is hereby gi:en, that a hearing will'be had nt this otlice, on the fifteenth day ,t SApril, A. . 1876, att ten o'clock a. in., to deter idntn.ns to the mineral or nou-mineri4 1'tr ck r tpd iland. It is allegedl that therd arifTho n rwit miners, nor mining improvements, upon so id land. J. I. MOE, Register. t March 16, 1876-17-5w. NOTICE OF SPECIAL ELECTION. Notice is hereby given, that, on the first Monday, and the third day of April, A. t). 1876, an election will be held at the usual places fbr voting in the sev eral precincts of Meagher county, Mont.ia 'TerriN "tory, " For the approval of tRilroad net, No;" or " For the alpproval of Railroad act, Yes;"'' also for one member of the " Territorial Board of Trustees of the Railroad bonds," in accordance with the Jprovisions of an net entitled " an act to encourage t the construction of the Northern I'acillc railroad in 1 the Territory of Montana," approved Febrnury 11th, A. 1). 1876; at which election the sanme rules, Sregulations, liabilities and penalties plrescribed ibr the conduct of general elections, shall be observed and enforced. Dated at Diamond City, March 7th, 1876. T. E. COLLINS, Clerk of the Board of County Commissioners. n16-3w. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . APPLICATION FOR PATENT. No. 440. U. S. Land Olfice, Helena, fM. T. February 10, 1876. Notice is hereby published, that Andrew Dusold, Francis M5. Hlauck, and Wesley Basye, whose port office address is Canyon Ferry, Meagher County, Montana Territory, have this day filed application for patent, under the mining laws., of Congress, for their placer mining claim, situated in Avalanche gulch mining district, Meagher county, Montana, designated as lot No. 38, in T 11 N t 2 E, which claim is not recor'ded, and described in the official plat and field notes on file in this oflice as follows: Beginning at a granite stone 18x16x4 in., marked I M C 38, from which the North-east corner of lot No. 37, t 11 n r 2 e bears s 36 deg 42 min w 144.58 chains distant, and running thence s 56 deg e 2.10 chains; thence s 80 deg e 7.50 chains; thence s 68 deg e 7.50 chains; thence n 22 deg e 1.70 chains; thence n 65 deg w 14 chains; thence n 22 deg e 10 chains; thence n 7.50 chains; thence n 16 deg 30 min w 34 chains; thence s 46 dog 30 min e 2.05 chains; thence n 35 deg e 44.50 chains; thence n 61 deg e 29 chains; thence n 29 deg w 4.50 chains; thence s 80 deg w 6 chains; thence s 52 deg 30 min w 21.43 chains; thence s 39 deg 15 min w 44.50 chains; thence n 36 deg w 11.50 chains; thence n 49 deg 45 mux w 20 chains; thence n 33 deg 30 min w 16.53 chains; thence s 77 deg w 6.38 chains: thence s 43 deg 15 mine 19.65 chains; thence a 44 er 15 mln e 19.13 chains; thence s 23 deg 15 min e lI chains; thence s 27 deg e 25.80 chains; thence s 8 deg 45 min e 10.30 chains; thence s 11 deg 15 min e 8.'0 chains; thence s 29 deg 30 min w 12.27 chains to the place of beginning, enbracing 73.67 acres. A no tice of said application, together with a plat of the premises claimed, was posted thereon on the 11th day of November, 1875, according to law. The adjoining claimants to these premises are W. Basye and A. Dusold on the south and Blackwell & Co. on the north-west, placer claims. Any and all persons claiming adversely any por tion of the mining claim above described, are here by notifed that unless their adverse claims are duly tiled according to law, within the sixty days' period of publication hereof, with the Register of the U. S. Land Ol.ice, t Helena, Montana Territory, they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the statute. J. H. MOE, Register. B. F. -MAasII, U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. February 16-a.3-9w.