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Rocky Iountailln Hllusbanlman.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor. THURSDAY, .MAY 11, 1876. IT has so long been customary for jour nals to praise their own state or territory, that the public looks for nothing else, and consequently, place but very little reliance in what an editor has to say in regard to the advancement of a country, which they regard it as his duty to praise, whether he can indeed do so conscientiously or not. Therefore, long editorials setting a country forth in all its advantages, are regarded as so much buncombe, and are received by the reading world as an empty argument, made only for their beauty of construction and high sounding rhetorical splendor, and to cover actual defects by drawing liberally upon the imagination, So firmly is this opinion riveted upon the public mind, that it is almost useless to devote our space to the subject. Yet, our conntry is possessed of many virtues, and thousands of good peo ple could make happy homes here; yes, thousands, who are nowv laboring day by day to provide the actual necessaries of ev eryday life, could, if they were here, and would use half the industry and economy they at present find necessary, soon become owners of farms, herds or mines, and be independent. But how are we to make them see and know these things, is the ques tion? Immigration pamphlets are regarded in the same light, as editorials, and if any difference, they have less influence, as they are known to be carefully prepared docu ments, gotten up to make a good impres sion, and not for the amount of facts they contain. We know of no better means of sending forth this information, than through our local papers. Let the inquiring world learn our facilities from these, not from their editorials, but from their local intelligence; from the actual business turns, and actions spoken of in their columns. Let every eatizen of Montana contribute to this oause by sending a paper to his friends, and they will read it and send it to their friends, and thus, the good news will go abroad. There is no better medium for this purpose than theRocKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN ; its extreme low rate of subscription, places It within the reach of all. Then itis the onlypa per devoted exclusively to the interests of the industrial classes. Its information is en tirely reliable and practical; it contains from time to time, very intelligible accounts of our different valleys; the amount of ara ble land unoccupied that they contain; the the water facilities, pastoral advantages etc., together with some account of the amount, and quality of stock in different localities, al so, actual observations of different mines with accounts of actual tratisactions,, events, etc., suflicient to give dne at a distarce a good Ida' of the wealth of our country, and man ners and customs of our people, We say that the country is advancing, that its pros pects are brightening, that her people are prospering, not because it is the old stero typed saying of all newspapers, but because we believe that such is the case, We are in timately acquainted in nearly every neigh borhood in the Territory, have traveled re cently through the principal valleys, and can say of our own personal knowledge that the farmers are in a much better condition now than they were two years ago. Though these two years have yielded poor harvests, on accoout of the incessant raids of gras s, hoppers, the farmers have economized, and by adopting the cash system as far as possible, have wrought a noticeable change t~o-day in the general appearance of their homes. They are not in debt as formerly. The flull value of a crop is not spent before it is raised, but they manage to sell a year liig or too, a few pounds of butter, or a do06n of eggs, and pay for their family sup plies as they need them. And nlortgages bearing two per cent. per month are not aovering over them like vultures, ready to swoop down upon them the minute they totter under their load, as was too often the asMe then, They have sold at a sacrifice in anly instances, andhave taken a new start, ateripned to steer clear of debt. "On the (Gallatin Valley they are earnestly i. dge in Improvement; they are provid j tliemiselves with neat, new 'atd comfort rebsdences, a airked evidenice that they Ruip here to stei, Ji )!bfacisop, eflt~l~sPc and Beaverhead, they are improving their farms, building'huge, substantial fences out of the best timber, thus, giving evidence of success, and an abiding faith in the future of the country. In Meagher county they are sowing more acres and preparing to farm with more sys tem than usual. They are also pushing out into the frontier and locating new ranches unmistakable signs of progression. The people are better off to-day than they were two years ago. Then are not the darkest days past? Are we not upon our onward march to greatness ? The yield of our mines this season, will doubtless excede that of last year. The placer yield may not be so great, on account of a scanty supply of water should the spring turn off dry, but the increased activity of quartz will more than make it up. This class of mines are yearly becoming more permanent as development goes on. Then our stock interests are beginning to advance. Double the amount of beef will be driven to the eastern markets this summer than during any previous year. The fact that we can compete with the Western States in the production of beef, even with her present poor facilities for marketing is proved beyond doubt. It has also been demon strated that we have the best wool-grow ing country in America. Our California neighbors are learning this, and are begin. ning to look in this direction for pasturage, and thousands of sheep will be driven in this year. In fact, every branch of industry seems to be stimulated to renewed eflort. Then why despair ? Why, set ourselves up as croakers? True, we have no railroad, neither is our young and promising com mon wealth, at the mercy of any railroad corporation. We regret that we have not a railroad, yet we congratulate ourselves that we have none to pay for. Some of our co temporaries, 'think that the day when we shall hear the scream of the locomotive re verberating through our valleys, is far dis tant, be it even so, better that it never be than that we bankrupt ourselves to buy it. For while we almost regret that we did not snatch at the golden bauble, when it was in our reach, the people of a half dozen states, of experience praise our wisdom. Montana has within her own border, all the neces sary alhments of greatness; all thkuftrattial advantages necessary to btdiid up a self sue taining community, and although, we are moving slowly, we are moving steadily on. Each year as our pace increases, our hori zon will brighten, until at length, we will stand side by side with any State in Amer ica. WHAT farmers should plant or sow for profit this year, is beyond the wisdom of anyone to advise, we do not propose to set ourself up for an adviser ; every farmer must be guided by his circumstances, and ne cessities. It is pretty safe though to advise as great a diversity of crops as possible, and to hatve such crops as will be not only al ways salable, but furnish continuous em ployment through the season. Where only one crop is grown, the work comes all at once, requiring greatly increased cost of la bor or neglect at the critical season. It is also safe to advise attempting a good deal not however beyond your means to accom plish. Other things being equal, the farmer who sows and plants most largely, having of course plenty of manure and labor, will reap most abundantly, and he who only sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly. We read so much about the importance of concentrating effort, and of the profit of a little land well tilled, that we are apt to for get the other truth lying beside it, which is that on a large farm it is hardly possible for a farmer to make much money by cultivat ing only a few of his many acres. If two acres or ten acres are enough to cultivate, they are enough to own, and the farmer had better sell the remainder of his farm than to keep it lying idle. No MAN can be expected to know every. thing, but if the little or much which each one knows is-made known to a whole com munity, the result cannot be other than ben. etllal. In the grange, the moral, social and pecuniary interests of the farmer receive the most carefuj consideration. 'Tu HusBAN.MkAN is the only newspaper in Montana that'is published at the extreme low price of fQour oQlrs per anniufk FORT PEASE, April 23, 1876. EDITOR IIUSBANDMAN: I am at present camped with Gen. Gibbon's command at this place, over which we found the stars and stripes proudly floating on our approach, the party which evacuated the Fort early this spring having left it waving, and it had not been disturbed. The entire command reached this point without accident, except the loss of two mules by Power & Co., which were drowned in crossing the Yellowstone. The boys are all in good health and fiue spirits. It is to be hopegt that something will be done before the return of the expedition to bring these hostile Sioux to terms . Some decisive step will have to be taken with them sooner or later, and the sooner they are brought to a realizing sense of right, and what is for their own good, the better. We have seen but little sign of the Sioux yet. We intend staying at this post several days, until Gens. Crook and Custer are heard from. Co. A. commanded by Capt. Logan, is en camped twenty-five miles from the New Mission, in charge of the m:ain portion of the supplies. What will be the future movements of the expedition, I cannot tell, but it is supposed that the different commands which have started out from different points, will form a junction, and their future movements will then be decided on. Several hundred of our enterprising citi zens have passed us on their way to the Black Hills and other portions ot the coun try, east and south of here. May prosperity attend them. Thirty Crow Indians and three intervre ters accompany the command. They are well acquainted with the country, and are. very useful in selecting roads and scouting. If there had been any considerable number of Indians in our vicinity at any time, it is very probable these scouts would have dis covered them. We have had a fine trip so far; roads good and no rain to speak of. The snow has long since disappeared, and the ground will soon be covered with a carpet of living green which will put our stock in fine condition for travel. Yours truly, J. W. O. BEAVER CREEK RANCH, M. T. May 8th 1876. EDITO R IIUSBANDMAN: For the benefit of those of your readers interested, I will state the result of my observations of the scab-mite. I inclosed some in a bottle, April 7th, at the end of one week they were, it possible, livelier than when taken from the sheep. At the end of the second. week, they ap peared a trifle dull ii a cool room, but on being placed in the sunlight, they soon re gained their usual activity. The third week a part of them seemed dead. or very dull, but many retained considerable loco motive power. A few were still alive at the end of the fourth week; and to-day May 8th, on examining under the glass, I can discov er no sign of life. They are kept in a corked bottle, in a room without fire; whether this condition is more favorable to prolongation of life than out-door exposure, I am unabe to say. L. LEwis. FRoM a letter received at this office, dated at Los Nietos, California, April 21, we ex tract the following : "Mr. F. commenced cutting barley for hay this week, and will soon commence heading all his grain. The corn crop is looking fine. Fresh strawber ries are in market. I mention these items that you may see how forward vegetation is here, After cutting his barley, Mr. F. in tends putting corn and pumpkins on the same land, thereby getting three crops in the same. eason." )(any subordinate granges throughout the country have passed resolutions declaring it the duty of the National Government to pass a law fixing an uniform rate of interest for the entire nation, not to exceed six per cent. per annum, under the clause of the Consti tution to regulate commerce. "HE that is kind to his wife, is kind to himself,',, is the most golden of all golden sheave ever writtau, TERRITORIAL NEWS. From the Bozeman Times. The steamer Yellowstone will positively navigate the Yellowstone river, and not go to Benton as reported. Rich & Wilson's train has pulled out for the head of naviga tion. The farmers of the Gallatin will cultivate only about one-half the usual acreage this season. Reports in regard to the grasshoppers are very conflicting. Tlhe winter wheat crop in the Gallatin is better than ever before. It now covers the ground and is rank and luxuriant in many tields. From the Missoulian. Plenty of grasshopper eggs are being turned out by the Missoula farnnmers. The project of making a wagon road on the east side of the Bitter Root is abandoned for the present. Maj. McCormick sold a lot of steers to Con Kohrs. From the Helena Herald. Curtis & Booker sold this morning 300 sacks XXX flour at $5 per sack. Flour, of the highest brand, is wholesale ing at from $5 to $0 per sack. The market is well supplied with eggs re tailing at fifty cents per dozen. Our citizens are taking a lively interest in the proposed road to Butte. The Rumley mine is yielding up her treas ure to the tune of $1,000 per day. From the New North-West. Mr. W. B. Harlan, of Corvallis, informs us that the Bitter Root folks are busy sow ing crops. About the usual amount is being sown. There is not much apprehension of grasshoppers. The Indians in the valley had a pow wow recently, and it is thought they have heard of the establishment of a post and intend removing to the Jocko. There is a material change in their views in relation to it. Heretolore they spoke very disparagingly of the Jocko; now they re gard it favorably. Francois, the wealthiest Indian in the valley, is sowing no crop this year, and this is taken as an indication of their purpose to remove. Charlos, the chief, is still obstinate. lie was the one who re fused to pay taxes, the others all saying they would pay if Charlos would. His taxes were only $15 and it was offered to present him with the amount if he would pay, and furnish the precedent, but he absolutely re fused to yield unto Cmsar the things that are his, and none of the others would pay. Mr. Harlan thinks the Bitter Root graded road will not be built as the settlers cannot raise the amount of money required for that purpose. The Trout mine, at Tower, is developed to a depth of four hundred feet, has paid for every pound of machinery on it, and is good to its owners for $500 per day, net profit. From the Benton Record. A through mail-line has been established from Fort Shaw to Fort McLeod, under the auspices of Louis Laugher. Mr. Sieben contemplates removing his three thousand head of sheep to the High 'wood range. The cattle are becoming so numerous in his neighborhood that they drive the sheep from their range. The Missouri river was at its lowest stage on the 18th instant. The following Thurs day a rise of three inches was indicated by the Signal service gauge. As we go to press the river is fifteen inches above low water mark. From the Avant Courier. Nelson Story and family have departed for the States. They were serenaded by the cornet band pf Bozeman on the eve of their departure. dI. N. Maguire, Esq,, accompanied by Col. McDowell and Prof. Thompson, will come up the YeUllowstone river this season, sir veying the country en rotae. Gallatin county can boast that at the pres ent term of thie district court, there was not a single criminal case on the docket, and not a prisoner in jail. The grand jury ad journed after a session of a few hours, not having found a single indictment. The petrt jury was discharged in two days, not having tried a single case. [Most of the cases on docket were tried by the Court, From the Madisonifn. The wheat crop of the Territory, from the present outlook, will be small for1876. The Farlin mill at Butte is not runnfn yet, and will not be for about two weeks. Our Helena cotemps.* were premature in their announcements of thq mill being in oper* ation.