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PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.
Wa cheerftlly invite members of our Order to co tribute to this department. ShOrt, pointed arti cle for the good of the Order, news of its progress, ce-operative business plans, educational interests, etc., especially solicited. DIRECTORY. NATIONAL GRANGE. MASTER-JOHN T. JONES, Arkansas. $SCRETARY-O. H. KELLY, Louisville, Ky. TREASURER-F. M. McDOWELL, N. Y. TERRITORIAL GRANGE OF MONTANA. MAST R-BRIGHAM REED, Bozeman, Gallatin County, OVERSEER--G. W. BATTERTON, Deer Lodge City Deer Lodge County. LECTURER-A. MYERS, Helena, Lewis and Clark County. STWARD--J. C. LANGDON, Nevada City, Madison County. ASSISTANT STEWARD-J. UNDERWOOD, Boulder, Jefferson County. C APLAIN-G. H. OLDHAM, Beaver Creek, Jefferson County. TREASURER-H. H. MOOD, Bozeman, Gal latin County. SECRETARY--J. D. McCAMMON, Bozeman, Gallatin County. GATE KEEPER-W. M. WALLACE, New Chicago, Deer Lodge County. S.SRES- -RS. G. W. BATT1ERTON, Deer Lodge City, Deer Lodge County. POMONA--MRS. JNO. CULVER, Raders burg, Jefferson County. FLORA--MRS. A. W. SWITZER, Virginia City, Madison County. LADY ASSISTANT STEWAND--MRS. J. C. LANGDON, Nevada City, Madison Co. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. BRIGIAM REED, Bozeman, Gallatin Co.' G. W. WAKEFIELD, DAVID BURT, New Chicago, Deer Lodge County. P. B. MILLS, Boulder Valley, Jefferson, Co. A. W. SWITZER, Virginia City, Madison County. W. M. WALLACE, New Chicago, Deer Lodge County. A. F. BURNS, Helena, Lewis and Clark Co. DISTRICT DEPUTIES. 1st District-DAvID BURT. 3d District--J. JONES. 3d District-P. B. MILLS. 4th District--A. W. SWITZER, 8th District-J. 0. O. HOPPING. bUBORDINATE GRANGES. Star of the W'estNo. 1--Meets first and third Sat attay nights of each month. G. C. McFadden, Master; J. W. Kemper, Secretary. Bozeman Grange No. 2-Meets 'W. ., MeAdow, Master; John McCormick, Sec'y. East Gallatin, No. S-Meets second and fourth 'Saturday nights of each month. C. L. Weaver, Master; W. J. 81pe, Secretary, Keystone, No. 4-Meets first and third Wednes day evenings of each month. A. Johnson, Master; A. L. Corbly, Secretary. Farmington No. 5-Meets on the third Saturday evening of each month, at 7 o'clock p. m., from the first of October to the first of April and 2 o'clock, p. m. from the first of April to the first of October. T. L. Luce, W. M.; B. M. Days, Secretary. Elk Grove Grange No. 6.-Meets second and fourth Saturdays in each month. S. B. Cope, Master; Jos. Plum, Secretary. Prickly Pear, No. 7-Meets second and fourth Saturdays of each month, at half past one o'clock, p. m. John Jones, Master; J. H. Jones, Sec'y. Canton Grange, No. 9-Meets JMobPowers, Master; Moses Doggett, Sec'y. Three Forks Grange No 11-Meets -rank Akin, Master; Joseph Burrill, Secretary. " Fairview Grange No. 19.-Meets second and fourth Saturdays in each month. N. M. Farnyxm, Master; James Cummings, Secretary. Sheridan, No. 14-Meets the first and fourth Tues day evenings of each month. G. T. Lewis, Master; G. Cowell, Secretary. Corvalis, No. 17-Meetsthe second and fourth Sat uttay nights of each month. Johft B. Catlin, Mas taor; W. B. Harlan, Secretary. Fort Owen, No. 18-Meets second and fourth Sat urday nights of each month. W. E. Bass, Master; M. D. Fulkerson, Secretary. Flint Creek Grange No. 19.-Meets on the last Sfturday in each month. David Burt, Master; J. Gi. Taylor, Secretary. Madison, No. SS-Meets the first and third Satur daynights ofeach nonth. E. A. Maynard, Master; . G. Bmith, 8eotretary. : Moiuntain.VaIc, No. 23.-Meets the third Satur day of each month. J. A. Bailey, Master; P. B. mu. Secretary. LoneStar No. 24-Meets every fourth Saturday n ht of each month. A. Macomber, Master; W. . Clark, Secretary. Pleasant Yalley lTo. . --Meets the second and Atbprth Saturdays of each month, at 1 o'clock p. m. twam Newkik, Meeter; Geo. Arnold, Sec'y. C6mpromise, No. B6-Meets the first and third .i.rdZays of each month, at 1 o'clock, p. x. B. Ip," lrve~, Master; J. B. Harvey, Secretary. BozxMaw, March 28, 1876. 'SP Patrea t I am in receipt of a number of" Patrons Pocket Companions;," which Ican ftrnishto Patrons, pre paldby mail, rr forty-six cents. J. D. McCAMON, Secretary Territorial Grange. Tax London, England, Farmer, speaks RIlbly of the grange movement in America, and says: "We greatly admire the power of combination among the Patrons of Hus "bldry. If English farmers would tollow 4ir tantple, they might return a greater inmber of their own class to the House of sammonat, FOLLOW UP THE PLOW. Hard times are now upon us, And people are in debt; The country's full of trouble And the worst is coming yet; 'Tis not without its causes, And we'll plainly tell you now, The only way to stop it Is to "follow up the plow. " Csonus-Then follow up the plow, boys, Follow up the plow; If you would build the country up, Just follow up the plow, Then follow up the plow, boys Follow up the plow, If you would build the country up Just follow up the plow, Fill up your fields and praries With a crop that's goodas gold, And mine your hills and valleys wide For iron, salt and coal. The earth is the producer, And we can tell you how To make a princely fortune 'Tis to follow up the plow." Then follow up the plow, boys, &c. There are too many people Who from their duty shrink, Who'd rather make a fortune By some other means than work. The man who plants potatoes, Corn, wheat or cotton now, Is king among the "moneyed men" He "follows up the plow." Then follow up the plow, boys, &c. THE 803ROW8 OF A MIDDLEMAN. " A retailer " writes anonymously to the N. Y. Grocer that the Grangers are not all dead yet, and are making himself and other retailers a vast deal of trouble. He says: "The Grange has made its influence felt in a keener and closer competition amongst dealers, and a nearer approach to a cash basis of business. In driving us to sell closer for cash, it still leaves us with a mixed class of customers who want credit and who are not always the most desirable custom ers to have. But the worst feature of the business is that the farmers are getting in the habit of clubbing together and are getting somebody to fill their orders in New York. If such a policy is kept up, it must have a bad effect on the general retail trade of the country. What can-be done .fo counteract this tendency?" On this the Grocer comments as follows: " We know of no better way of stopping the clubbing business than that of showing to the farmers the inevitable result of such a course. Whether tlilt is practicable or no t is the question. The agricultural papers might do it, but they are afraid to touch the matter except to support it. The trade papers go only to merchants. The religious papers could reach them and should show them that the relations of retailers and farm ers are so interwoven that upon the pros perity of the one class depends that of the other; that if the storekeepers are ruined the towns and villages must be ruined also, and all the present advantages of schools, churches, places of meeting and exchange of products. in the world, all the best fruits of our modern civilization must be given up." "The agricultural papers might do it, but are afraid." Are they, indeed? When we see the Grocer ostentatiously balancing this chip' on its shoulder, we are irresistably tempted to knock it off, if only to see what will happen. "Retailer" is evidently a person who knows nothing of the principles of trade, cares for nothing but his own personal in terests, and, being unable to see further than his nose, does not know how best to promote even them. The Grocer, whose duty it is to enlighten "retailer," being dependent on his and like support, fails to do so, because It prefers to pander to the prejudices of its patrons. They all feel aggrieved at the Granpers, and the Grocer sneezes as the re tail dealers take snuff. The Grocer's correspondent charges that the Grange has made its influence felt in a keener and closer competition and a nearer approach to the cash basis. Patrons plead guilty and asked it this is a public in jury. Would pot an entirdly cash business be safer and better every way 9 If not, who shall decide hotw much credit and how much cash would be best for all? If retailers have many " undesirable customers" and lose many bills, the fault is their own. They ought to know whom to trust and who can not pay their accounts. The complaint is a vindicatin nof the Grange principle, which discourages all credits, and aims at strictly cash payments. But " the worst of it is " that farmers are in the habit of clubbing together and get ting somebody to fill their orders in New York. "Retailer" thinks that this "must have some effect" on the retail trade. The only reason for farmers clubbing together and ordering their goods in New York is that they can thereby get them cheaper. This they ought to do. It is not only every body's right, but duty, to buy where he can buy the cheapest. It the middleman is cap able and enterprising, people can buy of him cheaper than anywhere else. He facil itates the exchange of products, and enables others to produce more cheaper and exten sively. When a retailer cannot do this, the fact simply shows that he is not needed that he is not doing a neccessary o+ useful work in the community. That so rude and imperfect an organization as that of " the clubbing together of farmers" to buy in New York, can undersell the local retail dealer shows, that from some cause, possibly lack of capital, of enterprise, or both, he is not fit for his place, or that there i no place for him. To argue differently would imply that monoply and extortionate prices were, in some way, public benefits. Accord ing to this theory, every village should be disposed of like a post-tradership and no out siders allowed to interfere. The Grocer partially states an important truth, when it says that "the relations of retailers and farmers are so interwoven that upon the prosperity of one class depends that of the other." So far this is exactly true; but whose prosperity is paramount,-that of the producer or that of him who exchanges products? Why not say that "upon the prosperity of the producers depends the prosperity of the retailers." When he can sell goods cheaper than any other agency he becomes not only important but even necessary to a community. But this class make no complaint of the Patrons of Hus bandry. The Grange agents cannot possi bly interfere with them. It is the retailers who cannot sell cheaply, and who thereby prove that they are not necessary parts of the community, to whom all buyers are oblig ed to pay an extortionate price lest the " ad vantages of schools, churches, and the best fruits of our modern civilization" should to be given up. Seventy or eighty years ago, men with narrow notions thought the steam engine would make horses valueless,. and improved machinery would destroy the wages of la bor. The wealth which the steam engine and labor-saving machinery have created has doubled the numbers of horses, more than doubled their value and has increased the demand and wages of labor. But for the steam engine, there would not be a quarter of the wealth in the world that now exists, and articles now regarded as household ne cessities would be impossible luxuries. The Order of Patrons of Husbandry has saved millions of dollars to the farmers of this country, by devising cheaper methods of charges between producer and consumer. This vast amount is so much clear addition to our national wealth. Itis a great absurd ity to suppose that money saved to farmers re mains in farmers' pockets. It is seen in a greater abundance of the conmforts and lux uries of life in the farmer's home-in better facilities for doing the work on his farm, in better schooling for his children and better support for churches and "all the best fruits of modern civilization." Individuals may hoard money but communities never do or can. Anything which increases the wealth of the agricultural class, is necessarily felt in great prosperity of the merchant, the mamuitcturer and even to the retail dealer. Of course there are occasionally instances of hardship as in all general rules; but these are clearly exceptional. Thie" hard times" are in no way chargeable to the Patrons of Husbandry. They would have been much worse if it had not existed. It is the saving on purclhases effected by Grange agents, which has so largely brought trade to the saSe cash system which the Gro ear pretends to deplore. Ultimately this saving must be felt in the increased pros perity not only of farmers but of all classes in the communlty.--q..l J. Yorker. GRANGE ITEMS. There are 1,400 subordinate Granges in Kansas, with. over forty thousand mem bers. The Grangers of the United States have $18,000,000 invested in their various enter prises. The Granges In California ask the State legislature to fix the fees of attorneys in all cases where no contract is made. They have had a "Grange collapse" in California, too. The Order has ,saved Pat, rons in the State only seven millions of dollars. Secretary O. H. Kelley tells us that there were more Granges organizedlin March than during any month for nearly two years, and April (this month) is also showing a very active return of new Granges in excess of last year. Colman (Mo.) Grange, No. 692, recently learned that h former member was in a suf fering condition in Texas, and generously appropriated money for his relief.-Ex. Tennessee has 1,991 granges. Conducted as they are, in the interest of agriculture and good, economical, honest government, and without partisan bias, the salutary effects of their influence are visible in every direc tion. Florida State Grange invites immigration to her luxuriant orange groves and healthy climate, and points with pride to the best va riety of luscious fruits in the United States territory, with sugar lands rivaling those of Cuba. The worthy Lecturer of the National Grange states: "Six years ago no manu facturers dealt with us directly, no elevators or warehouses were owned by us, and no banks or insurance companies were controll ed by us. Now, in one State alone there are thirty-eight fire companies, and more than half the wearhouses and elevators in Iowa and Wisconsin are under our control. Furthermore, we have agents in every sec tion of the country to whom we ship our produce, and from them we receive forty to fifty per cent. more than we used to receive from local buyers. In consequence of these agents, we are bound by the ties of brother hood and many heavy bonds. Patrons of Husbandry have saved in 1873, $5,000,000; in 1874, $12,000,000, and according to paesent indications will save at least $20,000,000, in 1875. Six years ago there were ten granges ; next year there were thirty-eight, the next thirty-nine, the next 10,000, the next twenty thousand. Now there are fifteen granges joining our ranks daily, and we number over one million five hundred thousand. Our experience is pointed proof that women are worthy members of the union. We have four,hundred thousand of them among us and we ought to be qualified to give an opin ion of this kind. The Grange movement has been the cause of the establishment of agricultural bureaus, and commissioners in seven of the States whereby more information can be given the farmers and the world in regard to every subject of importance in the economy of living. There will be a very large increase this year of picnics among the Granges, as com pared with any previous season. We al ready hear of several being proposed in dif ferent counties and in different States. This is well, and we do hope that the subordinate Granges everywhemre, during the summer and fall, will have a social gathering for the benefit of themselves and their neigh bors, Where have the members of the grange attempted to reduce the wages of mechanics ? Where have they ever wroiiged the laboring man? Nowhere. The grange says that the manufacturer and mechanic should have the full pay for their work, but that when they have full pay, useless expense should not be added to it. An order with 24,000 granges and 1,800, 000 members, to whose ranks accessions are being steadily made at the rate of 400 granges with at least 18,000 members, every calen dar month of the year, which has saved to its members at least $30,000,000 thus far, which has $17,500,000 invested in business operations, and which is daily increasing the sphere of these operations--can scar8ely be said to be collapsing.